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426 TRANSPORT TRAINING SQUADRON is a unit of the Canadian Forces under Royal Canadian Air Force
Royal Canadian Air Force
, located at CFB Trenton
CFB Trenton
in Trenton , Ontario
Ontario
. It originated as a squadron in the Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) that fought during the Second World War as a bomber squadron.

The motto of the squadron is "On Wings of Fire" and the squadron's badge contains a Thunderbird . The badge refers to the squadron's Thunderbird designation.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 Second World War * 1.2 Peacetime * 1.3 Korean War * 1.4 Post- Korean War to present day * 1.5 Aircraft

* 2 Battle honours * 3 Activities related to the squadron * 4 Notes and references * 5 External links

HISTORY

SECOND WORLD WAR

NO. 426 SQUADRON RCAF was created during the Second World War as a result of the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan
British Commonwealth Air Training Plan
to supply aircrew for the war in Europe. It first formed at RAF Dishforth , England on October 15, 1942, with Vickers Wellington
Vickers Wellington
Mk IIIs and Mk Xs. The squadron was used as bomber unit in No. 4 Group RAF , RAF Bomber Command . Its first operational mission occurred on the night of the 14th and 15 January 1943, when seven Wellingtons bombed Lorient
Lorient
. The squadron used to fly by night, principally over Germany . Unlike the other RCAF Wellington squadrons it did not go to Tunisia
Tunisia
in that year, but remained operating over Germany. That year the squadron transferred to No. 6 Group RCAF . In June of that year it moved to RAF Linton-on-Ouse
RAF Linton-on-Ouse
, where it re-equipped with the Bristol Hercules -engined Avro Lancaster
Avro Lancaster
II. With this type it soon resumed the offensive, and continued with the night campaign from Linton for the next ten months. On April 1944 it began to re-equip with Handley Page Halifax IIIs and VIIs, and for the next year continued to operate with these types as part of No. 6 Group.

During the war it flew 261 operational missions (242 bombing missions and 19 mining excursions) involving 3,213 sorties, and in doing so lost 88 aircraft. Its last operation took place on April 25, 1945, when 20 Halifaxes bombed gun batteries on island of Wangerooge
Wangerooge
. On May 25, 1945, the squadron was renamed to 426 Transport Squadron.

Possibly, the most heroic act realized by a member of the squadron during the war took place on October 20, 1943, when Flight Sergeant Stuart (the pilot) and his crew were sent to bomb Leipzig
Leipzig
. During the mission he was engaged by enemy fighters, Messerschmitt Bf 109
Messerschmitt Bf 109
and Junkers Ju 88 , initially managing to shake them off but not before having his aircraft rendered almost unfit to fly, leaving it with shattered cockpits and gun turrets; holes in the fuel tanks, damaged hydraulics and no navigation instruments. Against all odds Stuart decided to continue the mission and successfully bombed his target before guiding his crippled aircraft home. He was awarded the Conspicuous Gallantry Medal .

PEACETIME

The squadron was disbanded on January 1, 1946. It reformed at RCAF Station Dartmouth on August 1, 1946, as a transport squadron. They moved to RCAF Station Lachine , Quebec
Quebec
, in March 1947, where it began using the North Star .

On March 8, 1948, a North Star of the squadron was used to make 426 Squadron's first flight to the Arctic
Arctic
with a flight from Dorval , Quebec
Quebec
, to Lansdowne House by way of Rockliffe, Resolute , and Trout Lake. Later, in January 1949, a 426 Squadron North Star made Canada's first coast-to-coast non-stop flight.

KOREAN WAR

During the Korean War , between 1950 and 1952, the squadron transported supplies and troops to Japan
Japan
in support of United Nations operations. On July 1950, a few days after the start of the war, 426 Squadron was detached to McChord Air Force Base
McChord Air Force Base
in Washington where it came under the operational control of the Military Air Transport Service of the United States
United States
. A typical Korean Air Lift route for 426 Squadron aeroplanes was a physically and mentally demanding fifty-hour round trip flight from McChord to Japan
Japan
and back with stops at Elmendorf Air Force Base ( Alaska
Alaska
), Shemya
Shemya
( Aleutian Islands ), Handed and Misawa Air Base
Misawa Air Base
(Japan).

POST-KOREAN WAR TO PRESENT DAY

On September 1, 1959, the squadron was moved to Trenton , Ontario. It was moved to Saint-Hubert on January 1962. It was disbanded at Saint-Hubert on 1 September of that year. It reformed again as 426 Transport Training Squadron on May 3, 1971, at Uplands . The squadron moved to Trenton in August 1971 where it remains today, conducting training on the CC-130 Hercules .

The squadron has carried out many tasks since the end of Korean War, including casualty evacuations, Royal tours and other VIP transport, and United Nations
United Nations
air lift operations. Thunderbird has worked in many places: the Arctic, the Middle East
Middle East
and Europe
Europe
, the Congo and Japan.

AIRCRAFT

EQUIPMENT USED PERIOD OF SERVICE

Vickers Wellington
Vickers Wellington
III October 1942 to April 1943

Vickers Wellington
Vickers Wellington
X April 1943 to June 1943

Avro Lancaster
Avro Lancaster
II July 1943 to May 1944

Handley Page Halifax
Handley Page Halifax
III April 1944 to June 1944 and December 1944 to April 1945

Handley Page Halifax
Handley Page Halifax
VII June 1944 to April 1945

Liberator June 1945 to December 1945

Dakota

North Star

CC-106 Yukon

CC-130 Hercules

CC-150 Polaris

CC-109 Cosmopolitan

CC-115 Buffalo

CC-117 Falcon

CC-137 Husky

CC-138 Twin Otter

CC-144 Challenger

BATTLE HONOURS

The squadron has been awarded a number of battle honours during its operational history:

* English Channel
English Channel
and North Sea 1943 * Baltic 1944–1945 * Fortress Europe
Europe
1943–1944 * France and Germany 1944–1945 * Biscay Ports 1943–1944 * Ruhr 1943–1945 * Berlin 1943–1944 * German Ports 1943–1945 * Normandy 1944 * Rhine * Biscay 1943

ACTIVITIES RELATED TO THE SQUADRON

During one attack in Belgium
Belgium
during the Second World War, one Halifax (serial LW682) crashed near Geraardsbergen
Geraardsbergen
. The entire crew perished. The remains of only five airmen, four Canadians and one British were recovered by the German authorities; the corpses of three other crewmen could not be retrieved because it had crashed in the boggy ground near the Dender river. In the late 1990s a group of Canadian and Belgian volunteers recovered the remains of the three Canadian airmen and brought them to Canada. They were later interred with their crewmates in Geraardsbergen
Geraardsbergen
Communal Cemetery. A great deal of the recovered Halifax was smelted into ingots and have since been used for memorials, including the ceiling of the Bomber
Bomber
Command Memorial in London, UK. Former members of the 426 Squadron have held biennial Thunderbird veteran reunions since the end of the Second World War. In recognition of his bravery, a new building of RAF Linton-on-Ouse was named after Flight Sergeant
Flight Sergeant
Frederick Stuart. The place was visited by relatives of the soldier, amongst them, his daughter, whom he wasn't ever able to meet because he was shot down and killed in December 1943, one month before his child's birth.

NOTES AND REFERENCES

Notes

* ^ Moyes 1976, p. 245. * ^ A B C D E F G H "No. 426 Squadron RCAF". www.raf.mod.uk . Archived from the original on 1 February 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-23. * ^ A B C D E F G "426 Transport Training Squadron". www.airforce.forces.gc.ca . Retrieved 2008-01-23. * ^ Hatch, F.J.; Hillmer, Norman . "British Commonwealth Air Training Plan". The Canadian Encyclopedia . Archived from the original on 31 January 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-30. * ^ A B C D E F G H I J "No. 426 Squadron". www.rcaf.com . Retrieved 2008-01-23. * ^ A B "Relatives of hero pilot visit building named in his honour". www.raf.mod.uk . Archived from the original on 1 February 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-23. * ^ "No. 36254". The London Gazette (Supplement). 16 November 1943. p. 5076. * ^ A B C " 426 Transport Training Squadron History". www.airforce.forces.gc.ca . Retrieved 2008-01-23. * ^ A B C D "3.2. 426 "Thunderbird" Squadron". www.projectnorthstar.ca. Archived from the original on 2008-01-31. Retrieved 2008-01-23. * ^ A B Halley 1988, p. 509. * ^ A B Jefford 2001, p. 93. * ^ "426 Squadron and the Halifax LW682". www.vac.gc.ca. Retrieved 2008-01-23. * ^ "17th Biennial Reunion". www.vac.gc.ca. Archived from the original on 31 January 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-23.

Bibliography

* Halley, James J. The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force
Royal Air Force
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* Canadian Armed Forces portal

* 426 Transport Training Squadron official website * 426 "Thunderbird" Squadron Association * 426 squadron on RCAF website

* v * t * e

Royal Canadian Air Force
Royal Canadian Air Force
units

WINGS

* 1 Wing Kingston * 3 Wing Bagotville * 4 Wing Cold Lake * 5 Wing Goose Bay * 8 Wing Trenton * 9 Wing Gander * 12 Wing Shearwater * 14 Wing Greenwood * 15 Wing Moose Jaw * 16 Wing Borden * 17 Wing Winnipeg * 19 Wing Comox * 22 Wing North Bay

SQUADRONS

* 103 Search and Rescue Squadron

* CATEGORY * PORTAL * WIKIPROJECT

* v * t * e

Royal Canadian Air Force
Royal Canadian Air Force

* Commander of the Royal Canadian Air Force
Royal Canadian Air Force
* Chief Warrant Officer of the Air Force * Installations

List of aircraft List of Wings 1 Wing Kingston 3 Wing Bagotville 4 Wing Cold Lake 5 Wing Goose Bay 8 Wing Trenton 9 Wing Gander 12 Wing Shearwater 14 Wing Greenwood 15 Wing Moose Jaw 16 Wing Borden 17 Wing Winnipeg 19 Wing Comox 22 Wing North Bay List of Squadrons Training Canadian Forces School of Aerospace Technology and Engineering History Canadian Aviation Corps (1914-1915) Canadian Air Force (1918-1920) Canadian Air Force (1920-1924) Royal Canadian Air Force
Royal Canadian Air Force
(1924-1968) Canadian Forces Air Command (1975-2011) Royal Canadian Air Force
Royal Canadian Air Force
(2011-present)

* CATEGORY * PORTAL * WIKIPROJECT

* v * t * e

Royal Canadian Air Force
Royal Canadian Air Force
flying squadrons

EARLY AND PRE-WWII SQUADRONS

* 1 * 2 * 3 * 4 * 5 * 6 * 7 * 8 * 9 * 10 * 11 * 12 * 13 * 14 * 18

THE 100-SERIES SQUADRONS

* 110 * 111 * 112 * 113 * 114 * 115 * 116 * 117 * 118 * 119 * 120 * 121 * 122 * 123 * 124 * 125 * 126 * 127 * 128 * 129 * 130 * 131 * 132 * 133 * 134 * 135 * 145 * 147 * 149 * 160 * 161 * 162 * 163 * 164 * 165 * 166 * 167 * 168 * 170

THE 400-SERIES SQUADRONS

* 400 * 401 * 402 * 403 * 404 * 405 * 406 * 407 * 408 * 409 * 410 * 411 * 412 * 413 * 414 * 415 * 416 * 417 * 418 * 419 * 420 * 421 * 422 * 423 * 424 * 425 * 426 * 427 * 428 * 429 * 430 * 431 * 432 * 433 * 434 * 435 * 436 * 437 * 438 * 439 * 440 * 441 * 442 * 443

THE 600-SERIES SQUADRONS

* 664 * 665 * 666

POST-WAR SQUADRONS

* 103 * 444 * 445 * 446 * 447 * 448 * 449 * 450

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