NO. 14 (ARCTIC) COMMANDO sometimes also called the SPECIAL COMMANDO
BOATING GROUP, was a 60-man
British Commando unit of the British Army
Second World War . The commando was formed in 1942 for
service in the
* 1 Background * 2 Legacy * 3 Battle honours * 4 References
The commandos were formed in 1940, by the order of Winston Churchill the British Prime Minister . He called for specially trained troops that would "develop a reign of terror down the enemy coast". At first they were a small force of volunteers who carried out small raids against enemy occupied territory, but by 1943 their role had changed into lightly equipped assault Infantry which specialised in spearheading amphibious landings.
The man initially selected as the overall commander of the force was
By the autumn of 1940 more than 2,000 men had volunteered for
commando training, and what became known as the
By 1943 the commandos had moved away from small raiding operations
and had been formed into brigades of assault infantry to spearhead
future Allied landing operations. Three units were left un-brigaded to
carry out smaller-scale raids,
No. 12 Commando
No. 14 (Arctic) Commando was formed in late 1942, for action in
The Commando contained British, Canadians and Norwegians and included
polar explorers including
Sir Peter Scott ,
David Haig-Thomas , Andrew
Croft , August Courtauld and some men from the Royal Navy Volunteer
Reserve . They specialised in using canoes and kayaks for limpet mine
All the army commandos were disbanded after the
Second World War and
the commando role was taken over by the Royal Marines. However the
present day Parachute Regiment ,
Special Air Service and
The following Battle honours were awarded to the British Commandos during the Second World War.
* Argenta Gap
* Burma 1943–45
* Dives Crossing
* Djebel Choucha
* Greece 1944–45
* Italy 1943–45
* Landing at Porto San Venere
* Landing in Sicily
* Middle East 1941, 1942, 1944
* Monte Ornito
* North Africa 1941–43
* North-West Europe 1942, 1944–1945
* ^ Chappell, p.5
* ^ Chappell, p.3
* ^ Moreman, p.8
* ^ Chappell, p.6
* ^ A B C Haskew, p.48
* ^ Moreman, p.12
* ^ van der Bijl, p.12
* ^ Moreman, pp.84–85
* ^ Allied
* van der Bijl, Nick (2006). No. 10 Inter-Allied Commando 1942–45.
Osprey Publishing. ISBN 1-84176-999-1 .
* Chappell, Mike (1996). Army Commandos 1940–45. Osprey
Publishing. ISBN 1-85532-579-9 .
* Fowler, Will (2009). Royal Marine Commando 1950–82: From Korea
to the Falklands. Osprey Publishing. ISBN 1-84603-372-1 .
* Haining, Peter (2006). The Banzai Hunters: The Forgotten Armada of
Little Ships that Defeated the Japanese, 1944–45. Robson. ISBN
* Moreman, Timothy Robert (2006).
British Commandos 1940–46.
Osprey Publishing. ISBN 1-84176-986-X .
* Neilands, Robin (2005). The Dieppe Raid. Indiana University Press.
ISBN 0-253-34781-5 .
* Shortt, James ; McBride, Angus (1981). The
* v * t * e
No. 1 Commando
No. 2 Commando
No. 3 Commando
No. 4 Commando
No. 5 Commando
No. 6 Commando
No. 7 Commando
No. 8 (Guards) Commando
No. 9 Commando
No. 10 (Inter-Allied) Commando