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NO. 109 SQUADRON RAF was an aircraft squadron of the Royal Air Force .

HISTORY

The squadron first formed on 1 November 1917 as 109 Squadron Royal Flying Corps at South Carlton and began training on the de Havilland DH.9 bomber but was disbanded on 19 August 1918 without becoming operational.

Reformed on 10 December 1940 from the Wireless Intelligence Development Unit at RAF Boscombe Down
RAF Boscombe Down
operating a variety of aircraft. The main task was to identify German radio beams and to develop methods to jam them, its secondary role was to develop wireless and radar navigation aids for Bomber Command. In 1942 the squadron moved to RAF Tempsford with the twin-engined Mosquito light bomber fitted with Oboe and operated as part of the Pathfinder Force. The first raid it led as a marker squadron was on Düsseldorf on 1 January 1943. and was fully involved with raids including the last raid on Berlin on 21 April 1945. As the war finished it used its accurate navigation equipment to help drop supplies in the Netherlands. The squadron was disbanded on 30 September 1945 at RAF Little Staughton it had carried out 5,421 operational sorties with the Mosquito with the loss of 18 aircraft.

On 1 October 1945 it was reformed at RAF Woodhall Spa still as a Mosquito unit and provided a light bomber force for Bomber Commander in the post-war years. It eventually re-equipped with Canberras and saw action in the Suez campaign . With the increase of the V bomber force the squadron was no longer needed and was finally disbanded on 1 February 1957 at RAF Binbrook
RAF Binbrook
.

AIRCRAFT OPERATED

DATES AIRCRAFT VARIANT NOTES

1917-1918 de Havilland DH.9

Single-engined piston biplane bomber

1940-1941 Armstrong Whitworth Whitley
Armstrong Whitworth Whitley
V Twin-engined medium bomber

1940-1942 Avro Anson
Avro Anson
I Twin-engined transport and trainer

1940-1942 Vickers Wellington
Vickers Wellington
I Twin-engined medium bomber

1941-1942 Vickers Wellington 1C

1942 Vickers Wellington I

1942 Avro Lancaster
Avro Lancaster
I Four-engined heavy bomber

1942-1945 de Havilland Mosquito IV, IX and XVI Twin-engined light bomber

1945-1948 de Havilland Mosquito XVI

1948-1952 de Havilland Mosquito B35

1952-1954 English Electric Canberra
English Electric Canberra
B2 Twin-engined jet light bomber

1954-1957 English Electric Canberra B6

REFERENCES

Notes

* ^ Barrass, M. B. (2015). "No. 106–110 Squadron Histories". Air of Authority - A History of RAF Organisation. Retrieved 9 October 2015. * ^ A B Orbis (1985), p.2876 * ^ Jefford (1988), p.55

Bibliography

* Gunston, Bill (1978). The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Combat Aircraft of World War II. Salamander Books Ltd. ISBN 0-89673-000-X . * The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft (Part Work 1982-1985). Orbis Publishing. 1985. * Jefford, C.G. (1988). RAF Squadrons. Airlife Publishing Ltd. ISBN 1-85310-053-6 .

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Australian Flying Corps (AFC) units attached to the RAF during the First World War

* 67 (1 Sqn AFC) * 68 (2 Sqn AFC) * 69 (3 Sqn AFC) * 71 (4 Sqn AFC)

Commonwealth air force units attached to the RAF during the Second World War

Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF)

* 400 * 401 * 402 * 403 * 404 * 405 * 406 * 407 * 408 * 409 * 410 * 411 * 412 * 413 * 414 * 415 * 416 * 417 * 418 * 419 * 420 * 421 * 422 * 423 * 424 * 425 * 426 * 427 * 428 * 429 * 430 * 431 * 432 * 433 * 434 * 435 * 436 * 437 * 438 * 439 * 440 * 441 * 442 * 443

Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF)

* 450 * 451 * 452 * 453 * 454 * 455 * 456 * 457 * 458 * 459 * 460 * 461 * 462 * 463 * 464 * 466 * 467

Royal New Zealand Air Force (RNZAF)

* 485 * 486 * 487 * 488 * 489 * 490

Squadrons formed from non-Commonwealth personnel during the Second World War

ARGENTINE

* 164

BELGIAN

* 349 * 350

CZECHOSLOVAK

* 310 * 311 * 312 * 313

DUTCH

* 320 * 321 * 322

FRENCH

* 326 * 327 * 328 * 329 * 340 * 341 * 342 * 343 * 344 * 345 * 346 * 347

GREEK

* 13 * 335 * 336

NORWEGIAN

* 330 * 331 * 332 * 333 * 334

POLISH

* 300 * 301 * 302 * 303 * 304 * 305 * 306 * 307 * 308 * 309 * 315 * 316 * 317 * 318 * 663

UNITED STATES

* 71 * 121 * 133

YUGOSLAV

* 351 * 352

ROYAL AUXILIARY AIR FORCE

SPECIAL RESERVE

* 500 * 501 * 502 * 503 * 504

AUXILIARY AIR FORCE

* 600 * 601 * 602 * 603 * 604 * 605 * 606 * 607 * 608 * 609 * 610 * 611 * 612 * 613 * 614 * 615 * 616

FLEET AIR ARM OF THE RAF (1924–1939)

* 712 * 715 * 718 * 800 * 801 * 802 * 803 * 810 * 811 * 812 * 813 * 814 * 820 * 821 * 822 * 823 * 824 * 825

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