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NO. 138 SQUADRON RAF was a squadron of the Royal Air Force
Royal Air Force
that served in a variety of roles during its career, last disbanded in 1962. It was the first 'V-bomber' squadron of the RAF, flying the Vickers Valiant
Vickers Valiant
between 1955 and 1962.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 Formation in World War I as fighter squadron * 1.2 Special
Special
Duties in World War II
World War II
* 1.3 V-Bomber squadron post-war

* 2 Aircraft operated * 3 See also

* 4 References

* 4.1 Notes * 4.2 Bibliography

* 5 External links

HISTORY

FORMATION IN WORLD WAR I AS FIGHTER SQUADRON

No. 138 Squadron RAF
No. 138 Squadron RAF
was originally to be formed as a fighter unit on 1 May 1918, but formation was suspended until officially formed on 30 September 1918 as a fighter-reconnaissance squadron at Chingford , and was disbanded there on 1 February 1919.

SPECIAL DUTIES IN WORLD WAR II

During World War II
World War II
, it was reformed in 1941, from No. 1419 Flight , as NO. 138 (SPECIAL DUTIES) SQUADRON. It was based initially at RAF Stradishall , then at RAF Tempsford and dropped agents and equipment of the Special Operations Executive
Special Operations Executive
inside occupied territory . Between 1 April 1943 and November 1943 it included Polish Special Duties Flight , as C Flight. It carried out this role until March 1945 when it was reassigned to Bomber Command , operating under No. 3 Group . It was disbanded on 1 September 1950.

V-BOMBER SQUADRON POST-WAR

Vickers Valiant
Vickers Valiant
B.1 XD818 – photo taken at RAF Museum Cosford, just prior to going on display with two other 'V bombers', the Handley Page Victor and Avro Vulcan in the Cold War Jets Collection

On 1 January 1955 the squadron was reformed as the first squadron to be equipped with the Vickers Valiant
Vickers Valiant
strategic nuclear bomber, based at RAF Gaydon and later moving to RAF Wittering
RAF Wittering
. It flew them from Malta
Malta
during the Suez Crisis of October 1956, and was finally disbanded on 1 April 1962.

AIRCRAFT OPERATED

FROM TO AIRCRAFT VARIANT

Sep 1918 Feb 1919 Bristol F.2 Fighter F.2b

Aug 1941 Mar 1942 Westland Lysander Mk.IIIa

Aug 1941 Nov 1942 Armstrong Whitworth Whitley Mk.V

Aug 1941 Aug 1944 Handley Page Halifax Mk.II

Jan 1943 Aug 1944 Handley Page Halifax Mk.V

Jun 1944 Mar 1945 Short Stirling Mk.V

Mar 1945 Sep 1947 Avro Lancaster Mks.I and III

Sep 1947 Sep 1950 Avro Lincoln B.2

Feb 1955 Mar 1962 Vickers Valiant
Vickers Valiant
B.1

Mar 1956 May 1961 Vickers Valiant B(PR).1

Mar 1956 Aug 1961 Vickers Valiant B(PR)K.1

Jun 1956 Apr 1962 Vickers Valiant B(K).1

SEE ALSO

* No. 301 Polish Bomber Squadron

REFERENCES

NOTES

* ^ _A_ _B_ Jefford 2001, p. 63. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ _F_ _G_ Halley 1988, p. 211. * ^ Bowyer and Rawlings 1979, p. 76. * ^ Flintham and Thomas 2003, pp. 91 and 154. * ^ Bowyer and Rawlings 1979, p. 15. * ^ Jefford 2001, p. 107. * ^ _A_ _B_ Rawlings 1982, pp. 104–105. * ^ Rawlings 1978, p. 279. * ^ _A_ _B_ Wacław Król: _Polskie dywizjony lotnicze w Wielkiej Brytanii 1940–1945_ (Polish air squadrons in Great Britain 1940–1945). Warsaw: Wydawnictwo Ministerstwa Obrony Narodowej, 1982. ISBN 83-11-06745-7 . P. 110 * ^ _A_ _B_ Moyes 1976, pp. 164–165.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

* Bowyer, Michael J.F. and John D.R. Rawlings. _Squadron Codes, 1937–56_. Cambridge, UK: Patrick Stephens Ltd., 1979. ISBN 0-85059-364-6 . * Flintham, Vic and Andrew Thomas. _Combat Codes: A full explanation and listing of British, Commonwealth and Allied air force unit codes since 1938_. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing Ltd., 2003. ISBN 1-84037-281-8 . * Halley, James J. _The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force
Royal Air Force
& Commonwealth 1918–1988_. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air Britain (Historians) Ltd., 1988. ISBN 0-85130-164-9 . * Jefford, Wing Commander C.G., MBE , BA, RAF(Retd.). _RAF Squadrons, a Comprehensive record of the Movement and Equipment of all RAF Squadrons and their Antecedents since 1912_. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing, 1988 (second edition 2001). ISBN 1-85310-053-6 . * Moyes, Philip J.R. _Bomber Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft_. London: Macdonald and Jane's (Publishers) Ltd., 2nd edition 1976. ISBN 0-354-01027-1 . * Rawlings, John D.R. _Coastal, Support and Special
Special
Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft_. London: Jane's Publishing Company Ltd., 1982. ISBN 0-7106-0187-5 . * Rawlings, John D.R. _Fighter Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft_. London: Macdonald wide;padding:3px">

* v * t * e

Royal Air Force
Royal Air Force
flying squadrons

CURRENTLY ACTIVE

* 1 * 2 * 3 * 4 * 5 * 6 * 7 * 8 * 9 * 10 * 11 * 12 * 13 * 14 * 16 * 17 * 18 * 24 * 27 * 28 * 29 * 30 * 31 * 32 * 33 * 39 * 41 * 45 * 47 * 51 * 54 * 56 * 57 * 60 * 70 * 72 * 84 * 99 * 100 * 101 * 202 * 230 * 622

INACTIVE

* 15 * 19 * 20 * 21 * 22 * 23 * 25 * 26 * 34 * 35 * 36 * 37 * 38 * 40 * 42 * 43 * 44 * 46 * 48 * 49 * 50 * 52 * 53 * 55 * 58 * 59 * 61 * 62 * 63 * 64 * 65 * 66 * 67 * 68 * 69 * 71 * 73 * 74 * 75 * 76 * 77 * 78 * 79 * 80 * 81 * 82 * 83 * 85 * 86 * 87 * 88 * 89 * 90 * 91 * 92 * 93 * 94 * 95 * 96 * 97 * 98 * 102 * 103 * 104 * 105 * 106 * 107 * 108 * 109 * 110 * 111 * 112 * 113 * 114 * 115 * 116 * 117 * 118 * 119 * 120 * 121 * 122 * 123 * 124 * 125 * 126 * 127 * 128 * 129 * 130 * 131 * 132 * 133 * 134 * 135 * 136 * 137 * 138 * 139 * 140 * 141 * 142 * 143 * 144 * 145 * 146 * 147 * 148 * 149 * 150 * 151 * 152 * 153 * 154 * 155 * 156 * 157 * 158 * 159 * 160 * 161 * 162 * 163 * 164 * 165 * 166 * 167 * 168 * 169 * 170 * 171 * 172 * 173 * 174 * 175 * 176 * 177 * 178 * 179 * 180 * 181 * 182 * 183 * 184 * 185 * 186 * 187 * 188 * 189 * 190 * 191 * 192 * 193 * 194 * 195 * 196 * 197 * 198 * 199 * 200 * 201 * 203 * 204 * 205 * 206 * 207 * 208 * 209 * 210 * 211 * 212 * 213 * 214 * 215 * 216 * 217 * 218 * 219 * 220 * 221 * 222 * 223 * 224 * 225 * 226 * 227 * 228 * 229 * 231 * 232 * 233 * 234 * 235 * 236 * 237 * 238 * 239 * 240 * 241 * 242 * 243 * 244 * 245 * 246 * 247 * 248 * 249 * 250 * 251 * 252 * 253 * 254 * 255 * 256 * 257 * 258 * 259 * 260 * 261 * 262 * 263 * 264 * 265 * 266 * 267 * 268 * 269 * 270 * 271 * 272 * 273 * 274 * 275 * 276 * 277 * 278 * 279 * 280 * 281 * 282 * 283 * 284 * 285 * 286 * 287 * 288 * 289 * 290 * 291 * 292 * 293 * 294 * 295 * 296 * 297 * 298 * 299 * 353 * 354 * 355 * 356 * 357 * 358 * 360 * 361 * 510 * 511 * 512 * 513 * 514 * 515 * 516 * 517 * 518 * 519 * 520 * 521 * 524 * 525 * 526 * 527 * 528 * 529 * 530 * 531 * 532 * 533 * 534 * 535 * 536 * 537 * 538 * 539 * 540 * 541 * 542 * 543 * 544 * 547 * 548 * 549 * 550 * 567 * 569 * 570 * 571 * 575 * 576 * 577 * 578 * 582 * 586 * 587 * 595 * 597 * 598 * 617 * 618 * 619 * 620 * 621 * 623 * 624 * 625 * 626 * 627 * 628 * 629 * 630 * 631 * 635 * 639 * 640 * 644 * 650 * 651 * 652 * 653 * 654 * 655 * 656 * 657 * 658 * 659 * 660 * 661 * 662 * 663 * 664 * 665 * 666 * 667 * 668 * 669 * 670 * 671 * 672 * 673 * 679 * 680 * 681 * 682 * 683 * 684 * 691 * 692 * 695

Australian Flying Corps (AFC) units attached to the RAF during the First World War

* 67 (1 Sqn AFC) * 68 (2 Sqn AFC) * 69 (3 Sqn AFC) * 71 (4 Sqn AFC)

Commonwealth air force units attached to the RAF during the Second World War

Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF)

* 400 * 401 * 402 * 403 * 404 * 405 * 406 * 407 * 408 * 409 * 410 * 411 * 412 * 413 * 414 * 415 * 416 * 417 * 418 * 419 * 420 * 421 * 422 * 423 * 424 * 425 * 426 * 427 * 428 * 429 * 430 * 431 * 432 * 433 * 434 * 435 * 436 * 437 * 438 * 439 * 440 * 441 * 442 * 443

Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF)

* 450 * 451 * 452 * 453 * 454 * 455 * 456 * 457 * 458 * 459 * 460 * 461 * 462 * 463 * 464 * 466 * 467

Royal New Zealand Air Force (RNZAF)

* 485 * 486 * 487 * 488 * 489 * 490

Squadrons formed from non-Commonwealth personnel during the Second World War

ARGENTINE

* 164

BELGIAN

* 349 * 350

CZECHOSLOVAK

* 310 * 311 * 312 * 313

DUTCH

* 320 * 321 * 322

FRENCH

* 326 * 327 * 328 * 329 * 340 * 341 * 342 * 343 * 344 * 345 * 346 * 347

GREEK

* 13 * 335 * 336

NORWEGIAN

* 330 * 331 * 332 * 333 * 334

POLISH

* 300 * 301 * 302 * 303 * 304 * 305 * 306 * 307 * 308 * 309 * 315 * 316 * 317 * 318 * 663

UNITED STATES

* 71 * 121 * 133

YUGOSLAV

* 351 * 352

ROYAL AUXILIARY AIR FORCE

SPECIAL RESERVE

* 500 * 501 * 502 * 503 * 504

AUXILIARY AIR FORCE

* 600 * 601 * 602 * 603 * 604 * 605 * 606 * 607 * 608 * 609 * 610 * 611 * 612 * 613 * 614 * 615 * 616

FLEET AIR ARM OF THE RAF (1924–1939)

* 712 * 715 * 718 * 800 * 801 * 802 * 803 * 810 * 811 * 812 * 813 * 814 * 820 * 821 * 822 * 823 * 824 * 825

* v * t * e

ROYAL AIR FORCE

Royal Air Force
Royal Air Force
portal

FORMATIONS AND UNITS

* Commands * Groups * Stations * Wings * Squadrons * Flights * Conversion units * Operational Training units * Schools / Training units * Ferry units * Glider units * Misc units * Regiment squadrons

BRANCHES AND COMPONENTS

* Air Force Board * RAF Flying Branch * RAF Regiment * RAF Chaplains Branch * RAF Intelligence * RAF Legal Branch * RAF Medical Services * Princess Mary\'s RAF Nursing Service * RAF Police * Search and Rescue Force * Mountain Rescue Service * RAF Marine Branch

RESERVE FORCES

* Royal Auxiliary Air Force * RAF Volunteer Reserve

ASSOCIATED CIVIL ORGANISATIONS

* Air Training Corps
Air Training Corps
* Royal Air Forces Association * RAF Centre of Aviation Medicine * RAF Benevolent Fund * RAF Football Association

EQUIPMENT

* List of RAF aircraft * List of RAF missiles

PERSONNEL

* Officer ranks * Other ranks * List of personnel

APPOINTMENTS

* Chief of Air Staff * Assistant Chief of the Air Staff * Air Member for Personnel * Air Secretary * Air Member for Materiel * Commandant-General of the RAF Regiment * Chief of the Air Staff\'s Warrant Officer

SYMBOLS AND UNIFORM

* Ensign * Badge * Roundels * Uniform

* HISTORY * TIMELINE * FUTURE

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