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The NIZAM-UL-MULK OF HYDERABAD, popularly known as the Nizam
Nizam
of Hyderabad
Hyderabad
, was a monarch of the Hyderabad State , now divided into Telangana
Telangana
state, Hyderabad-Karnataka region of Karnataka
Karnataka
and Marathwada region of Maharashtra
Maharashtra
. NIZAM, shortened from NIZAM-UL-MULK, meaning Administrator of the Realm, the title of the sovereigns of Hyderabad
Hyderabad
State, was the premier Prince of India, since 1724, belonging to the Asaf Jah dynasty.

The Asaf Jah Dynasty was founded by Mir Qamar-ud-Din Siddiqi , a viceroy of the Deccan under the Mughal Empire
Mughal Empire
from 1713 to 1721. He intermittently ruled after Aurangzeb 's death in 1707. In 1724, Mughal control lapsed, and Asaf Jah declared himself independent in Hyderabad.

Following the decline of the Mughal power, the region of Deccan saw the rise of Maratha Empire
Maratha Empire
. The Nizam
Nizam
himself saw many invasions by the Marathas in the 1720s, which resulted in the Nizam
Nizam
paying a regular tax ( Chauth ) to the Marathas. The major battles fought between the Marathas and the Nizam
Nizam
include Palkhed , Bhopal , Rakshasbhuvan , and Kharda , in all of which the Nizam
Nizam
lost. Following the conquest of Deccan by Bajirao I
Bajirao I
and the imposition of chauth by him, Nizam
Nizam
remained a tributary of the Marathas for all intent and purposes.

In 1805, after the British victory in the Second Anglo-Maratha War , Nizam
Nizam
of Hyderabad
Hyderabad
came under the protection of the British East India Company .,

In 1903 the Berar region of the state was separated and merged into the Central Provinces of British India
British India
, to form the Central Provinces and Berar .

In 1947, at the time of the partition of India , Britain offered the 565 princely states in the sub-continent the options of acceding to either India or Pakistan, or remaining independent.

Hyderabad
Hyderabad
was the largest and most prosperous state of all princely states in India. It covered 82,698 square miles (214,190 km2) of fairly homogeneous territory and had a population of roughly 16.34 million people (as per the 1941 census), of which a majority (85%) was Hindu
Hindu
. Hyderabad State had its own army, airline, telecommunication system, railway network, postal system, currency and radio broadcasting service. In spite of the overwhelming Hindu
Hindu
majority, Hindus were severely under-represented in government, police and the military. Of 1765 officers in the State Army, 1268 were Muslims, 421 were Hindus, and 121 others were Christians, Parsis and Sikhs. Of the officials drawing a salary between Rs.600-1200 per month, 59 were Muslims, 5 were Hindus and 38 were of other religions. The Nizam
Nizam
and his nobles, who were mostly Muslims, owned 40% of the total land in the state.

The Nizam
Nizam
decided to keep Hyderabad
Hyderabad
independent, unlike the other princely states, most of which acceded to India or to Pakistan voluntarily. The leaders of the new Indian Union did not want an independent - and possibly hostile - state in the heart of their new country, and were determined to assimilate Hyderabad
Hyderabad
into the Indian Union, by force if necessary. In September 1948, in Operation Polo , the Indian Army
Indian Army
marched into Hyderabad, deposed the Nizam, and annexed the state into the Indian Union.

Seven Nizams ruled Hyderabad
Hyderabad
for two centuries until 1947. The Asaf Jahi rulers were great patrons of literature, art, architecture, and culture, and rich food . The Nizams patronized aspects of a Persianate society , copied from their Turco-Mongol Mughal overlords, and which became central to the Hyderabadi Muslims identity. The last Nizam
Nizam
had been the richest man in the world in his time. The Nizams also developed the railway, and the introduction of electricity; developed roads, airways, irrigation and reservoirs; in fact, all major public buildings in Hyderabad City were built during his reign under the British Raj
British Raj
. He pushed education, science, and establishment of Osmania University . Hyderabad State in 1909

CONTENTS

* 1 Origin of the title * 2 Reign of the Nizams * 3 Infrastructure * 4 List of Nizams of Hyderabad
Hyderabad
(1724–1948) * 5 Descendants of the last Nizam, Osman Ali Khan, Asif Jah VII * 6 Family tree * 7 Palaces of the Nizams * 8 Major Contributions to their State * 9 End of the dynasty and removal of the last Nizam
Nizam
* 10 Places and things named after the Nizam
Nizam
* 11 See also * 12 References * 13 External links

ORIGIN OF THE TITLE

Nizām-ul-mulk was a title first used in Urdu
Urdu
around 1600 to mean Governor of the realm or Deputy for the Whole Empire. The word is derived from the Arabic language, as in Abu Ali Hasan ibn Ali Tusi (11 April 1018 – 14 October 1092), better known by his honorific title of Nizam
Nizam
al-Mulk (Arabic: نظام‌الملک, "Order of the Realm"), Nizām (نظام), meaning order, arrangement. The Nizam
Nizam
was referred to as Ala Hadrat / Ala Hazrat or Nizam
Nizam
Sarkar, meaning His Exalted Highness.

REIGN OF THE NIZAMS

The first Nizam
Nizam
ruled on behalf of the Mughal emperors . After the death of Aurangzeb , the Nizams split from the Mughals to form an independent kingdom. When the British achieved paramountcy over India, the Nizams were allowed to continue to rule their princely states as client kings. The Nizams retained internal power over Hyderabad
Hyderabad
State until 17 September 1948 when Hyderabad
Hyderabad
was integrated into the new Indian Union.

The Asaf Jah dynasty had only seven rulers; however there was a period of 13 years after the rule of the first Nizam
Nizam
when three of his sons (Nasir Jung, Muzafar Jung and Salabath Jung) ruled. They were not officially recognised as the rulers.

By tradition no Nizam
Nizam
has ever left India no matter how good a reason might exist for doing so, as it was said, "the Sovereign
Sovereign
is too precious to his people ever to leave India." After the Nizam
Nizam
family, the next group in the hierarchy was the Paigah family . The royal family had matrimonial relations only with them and were the closest group of nobles during the Nizam's period.

INFRASTRUCTURE

The Nizam's of Hyderabad
Hyderabad
throne in Chowmahalla Palace

During the period of Nizam
Nizam
rule, Hyderabad State became the richest. Osman Ali Khan, Asaf Jah VII and his family including Salar Jung I were taught by Nawab Sarwar Ul Mulk and Agha Mirza Baig Bahadur, who was his political advisor, and the senior-most salute state among the Indian princely states . It was spread over 223,000 km2 (86,000 sq mi) in the Deccan, ruled by the Asaf Jahi dynasty. The Nizams were conferred with the title of His Exalted Highness , and "Faithful Ally of the British Government" by the imperial-colonial British government for their collaborating role in the wars against Tipu Sultan of Mysore, the First war of Indian Independence of 1857–1858, becoming the only Indian prince to be given both these titles. The rule of the Nizams brought cultural and economic growth for Hyderabad
Hyderabad
city. One example of the wealth of Nizam
Nizam
rule is the Jewels of the Nizams , which is an international tourist attraction occasionally displayed in Salar Jung Museum . In 1948 Hyderabad state had an estimated population of 17 million (1.7 crore ), and it generated an estimated annual revenue of £90,029,000. The state had its own currency known as the Hyderabadi rupee
Hyderabadi rupee
, until 1951. The pace at which the last Nizam
Nizam
Mir Osman Ali Khan
Mir Osman Ali Khan
amassed wealth made him one of the world's richest men in 1937 and he was also known for his miserliness. He was estimated to be worth ₹660 crores (roughly US$2 billion by the then exchange rates). According to the Forbes
Forbes
All-Time Wealthiest List of 2008, Nizam
Nizam
Mir Osman Ali Khan
Mir Osman Ali Khan
is the fifth richest man in recorded history per the figures, with an estimated worth of US$210.8 billion adjusted by Forbes
Forbes
as per the growth of the US GDP since that period and the present exchange-rate of the US dollar against the Indian rupee. The Nizams set up numerous institutions in the name of the dynasty including hospitals and schools, colleges, universities that imparted education in Urdu. Inspired by the Indian Civil Service , the Nizams established their own local Hyderabad Civil Service . They were great engineers: for example, they built large reservoirs. Survey work on the Nagarjuna Sagar Dam
Nagarjuna Sagar Dam
was initiated during this time, although the actual work was actually completed under the aegis of the Government of India
Government of India
in 1969.

LIST OF NIZAMS OF HYDERABAD (1724–1948)

IMAGE TITULAR NAME PERSONAL NAME DATE OF BIRTH NIZAM FROM NIZAM UNTIL DATE OF DEATH

NIZAM-UL-MULK, ASAF JAH I نظام‌الملک آصف جاہ MIR QAMAR-UD-DIN KHAN 20 August 1671 31 July 1724 1 June 1748

NASIR JUNG نصیرجنگ MIR AHMED ALI KHAN 26 February 1712 1 June 1748 16 December 1750

MUZAFFAR JUNG مظفرجنگ MIR HIDAYAT MUHI-UD-DIN SA\\'ADULLAH KHAN ? 16 December 1750 13 February 1751

SALABAT JUNG صلابت جنگ MIR SA\\'ID MUHAMMAD KHAN 24 November 1718 13 February 1751 8 July 1762 (deposed) 16 September 1763

NIZAM-UL-MULK, ASAF JAH II نظام‌الملک آصف جاہ دوم MIR NIZAM ALI KHAN 7 March 1734 8 July 1762 6 August 1803

SIKANDER JAH, ASAF JAH III سکندر جاہ ،آصف جاہ تریہم MIR AKBAR ALI KHAN 11 November 1768 6 August 1803 21 May 1829

NASIR-UD-DAULA, ASAF JAH IV ناصر الدولہ ،آصف جاہ چارہم MIR FARQUNDA ALI KHAN 25 April 1794 21 May 1829 16 May 1857

AFZAL-UD-DAULA, ASAF JAH V افضال الدولہ ،آصف جاہ پنجم MIR TAHNIYATH ALI KHAN 11 October 1827 16 May 1857 26 February 1869

ASAF JAH VI آصف جاہ شیشم MIR MAHBUB ALI KHAN 17 August 1866 26 February 1869 29 August 1911

ASAF JAH VII آصف جاہ ہفتم MIR OSMAN ALI KHAN 6 April 1886 29 August 1911 17 September 1948 (deposed) 24 February 1967

DESCENDANTS OF THE LAST NIZAM, OSMAN ALI KHAN, ASIF JAH VII

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On 22 February 1937 a cover story by TIME
TIME
called Osman Ali Khan, Asif Jah VII as the wealthiest man in the world

The last Nizam, Osman Ali Khan, Asif Jah VII, had 28 sons and 44 daughters. The Asaf Jah dynasty followed the Order of Precedence of male primogeniture regardless of the mother's marital status or rank. Among his children were Azam Jah , Prince of Berar (21 February 1907 – 9 October 1970) the eldest son.

FAMILY TREE

* I. ASAF JAH I , YAMIN US-SULTANAT, RUKN US-SULTANAT, JUMLAT UL-MULK, MADAR UL-MAHAM, NIZAM UL-MULK, NIZAM UD-DAULA, KHAN-I-DAURAN, NAWAB MIR GHAZI UD-DIN SIDDIQI, KHAN BAHADUR, FATH JANG, SIPAH SALAR, NAWAB SUBADAR OF THE DECCAN, 1ST NIZAM OF HYDERABAD (CR. 1720) (20 August 1671 – 1 June 1748). A senior governor and counsellor in the Imperial government. Defeated the Imperial forces on 19 June 1720 at Hasanpur and formed an independent state of his own. Confirmed in his possessions by Imperial firman and crowned on 31 July. Named Vice-Regent of the Mughal Empire
Mughal Empire
by the Emperor Muhammad Shah on 8 February 1722, secured the province of Berar on 11 October 1724 and formally made Hyderabad City his new capital on 7 December 1724.

* II. HUMAYUN JAH, NIZAM UD-DAULA, NAWAB MIR AHMAD \'ALI SIDDIQI, KHAN BAHADUR, NASIR JANG, NAWAB SUBADAR OF THE DECCAN, 2ND NIZAM OF HYDERABAD (26 February 1712 – k. by the Nawab of Kadapa 16 December 1750; r. 1 June 1748 – 16 December 1750).

* Sahibzadi Khair un-nisa Begum. Married Nawab Talib Muhi ud-din Mutasawwil Khan Bahadur, Muzaffar Jang:

* III. NAWAB HIDAYAT MUHI UD-DIN SA\'ADU\'LLAH SIDDIQI, KHAN BAHADUR, MUZAFFAR JANG, NAWAB SUBADAR OF THE DECCAN, 3RD NIZAM OF HYDERABAD (k. by the Nawab of Kurnool 13 February 1751; r. 16 December 1750 – 13 February 1751).

* IV. AMIR UL-MAMALIK, ASAF UD-DAULA, NAWAB SAID MUHAMMAD SIDDIQI, KHAN BAHADUR, ZAFFAR JANG, NAWAB SUBADAR OF THE DECCAN, 4TH NIZAM OF HYDERABAD (November 1718 – 16 September 1763; r. 13 February 1751 – 8 July 1762). Deposed by his younger brother on 8 July 1762 and killed in prison the following year, aged 44.

* V. ASAF JAH II , NIZAM UL-MULK, NIZAM UD-DAULA, NAWAB MIR NIZAM \'ALI SIDDIQI, KHAN BAHADUR, FATH JANG, SIPAH SALAR, NAWAB SUBADAR OF THE DECCAN, 5TH NIZAM OF HYDERABAD (7 March 1734 – 6 August 1803; r. 8 July 1762 – 6 August 1803)

* VI. ASAF JAH III , MUZAFFAR UL-MAMALUK, NIZAM UL-MULK, NIZAM UD-DAULA, NAWAB MIR AKBAR \'ALI SIDDIQI, KHAN BAHADUR, FULAD JANG, 6TH NIZAM OF HYDERABAD (11 November 1768 – 21 May 1829; r. 6 August 1803 – 21 May 1829). The first of the dynasty to be officially granted the title of Nizam.

* VII. RUSTAM-I-DAURAN, ARISTU-I-ZAMAN, ASAF JAH IV , MUZAFFAR UL-MAMALUK, NIZAM UL-MULK, NIZAM UD-DAULA, NAWAB MIR FARKHANDA \'ALI SIDDIQI, KHAN BAHADUR , SIPAH SALAR, FATH JANG, AYN WAFFADAR FIDVI-I-SENLIENA, IQTIDAR-I-KISHWARSITAN MUHAMMAD AKBAR SHAH PADSHAH-I-GHAZI, 7TH NIZAM OF HYDERABAD (25 April 1794 – 16 May 1857; r. 21 May 1829 – 16 May 1857).

* VIII. ASAF JAH V , NIZAM UL-MULK, AFZAL UD-DAULA, NAWAB MIR TAHNIYAT \'ALI SIDDIQI, KHAN BAHADUR, 8TH NIZAM OF HYDERABAD, GCSI (11 October 1827 – 26 February 1869; r. 16 May 1857 – 26 February 1869). The first of the dynasty to come under British rule.

* IX. RUSTAM-I-DAURAN, ARUSTU-I-ZAMAN, WAL MAMALUK, ASAF JAH VI , MUZAFFAR UL-MAMALUK, NIZAM UL-MULK, NIZAM UD-DAULA, NAWAB MIR MAHBUB \'ALI SIDDIQI, KHAN BAHADUR, SIPAH SALAR, FATH JANG, 9TH NIZAM OF HYDERABAD GCB , GCSI (17 August 1866 – 31 August 1911; r. 26 February 1869 – 31 August 1911). Succeeded his father on 26 February 1869, ruled under a regency until 5 February 1884, when he was invested with full ruling powers by the Viceroy
Viceroy
of India.

* X. RUSTAM-I-DAURAN, ARUSTU-I-ZAMAN, WAL MAMALUK, ASAF JAH VII , MUZAFFAR UL-MAMALUK, NIZAM UL-MULK, NIZAM UD-DAULA, NAWAB MIR OSMAN ‘ALI SIDDIQI, KHAN BAHADUR, SIPAH SALAR, FATH JANG, FAITHFUL ALLY OF THE BRITISH GOVERNMENT, 10TH NIZAM OF HYDERABAD AND OF BERAR GCSI , GBE , Royal Victorian Chain , MP (6 April 1886 – 24 January 1967; r. 31 August 1911 – 26 January 1950). Granted the style of His Exalted Highness (1 January 1918), the title of Faithful Ally of the British Government (24 January 1918) and Nizam
Nizam
of Hyderabad
Hyderabad
and of Berar (13 November 1936). The last of the ruling Nizams; ruled absolutely from his accession until 19 September 1948, when the state was formally annexed to the Union of India . Maintained semi-ruling and semi-autonomous status from then until 23 November 1949, when he accepted the paramountcy of the new Indian government and Constitution and acceded to the Union. Formally lost his sovereignty, ending 230 years of Asaf Jahi rule, upon the formal promulgation of the Constitution on 26 January 1950. Served as Rajpramukh
Rajpramukh
of the new Hyderabad State from 26 January 1950 until 31 October 1956, when the post was abolished. Served as a titular monarch from 26 January 1950 until his death.

* Azam Jah , Prince of Berar GCIE
GCIE
, GBE (21 February 1907 – 9 October 1970). Granted the title of His Highness the Prince of Berar (13 November 1936). Passed over in the line of succession in 1967 in favour of his elder son.

* XI. RUSTAM-I-DAURAN, ARUSTU-I-ZAMAN, WAL MAMALUK, ASAF JAH VIII, MUZAFFAR UL-MAMALUK, NIZAM UL-MULK, NIZAM UD-DAULA, NAWAB MIR BARAKAT ‘ALI SIDDIQI, KHAN BAHADUR, SIPAH SALAR, FATH JANG, 11TH NIZAM OF HYDERABAD AND BERAR (b. 6 October 1933; 11th Nizam: 24 January 1967 – 28 December 1971; dynastic head and pretender since then).

* Azmat Jah, Nawab Mir Muhammad Azmat ‘Ali Siddiqi, Khan Bahadur (b. 23 June 1960; appointed Prince of Berar and heir apparent: 2002)

The Nizam's daughters had been married traditionally to young men of the Paigah family . This family belonged to the Sunni sect, and from the second Nizam's time they had been personal bodyguards of the Nizam.

italics – Considered pretenders by most historians; refrained from exercising traditional authority during their reigns.

PALACES OF THE NIZAMS

The Asaf Jahis were prolific builders. Several palaces of the Nizams were:

* Chowmahalla Palace * Purani Haveli * King Kothi Palace * Hyderabad House , New Delhi. * Mahboob Mansion * Falaknuma Palace * Bella Vista * Hill Fort Palace
Hill Fort Palace
* Chiran Palace * Saifabad Palace * Khilwath Palace

Other landmarks include the High Court of Judicature at Hyderabad
High Court of Judicature at Hyderabad
, City College , Public Gardens, also known as Bagh-e-aam , Jubilee Hall , Asafia library , The Assembly building , Niloufer Hospital , the Osmania Arts College and the Osmania Medical College are among their notable constructions.

The Nizams liked the European style of architecture and created a fusion of European traditions with Hindu
Hindu
and Islamic
Islamic
forms and motifs .

MAJOR CONTRIBUTIONS TO THEIR STATE

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END OF THE DYNASTY AND REMOVAL OF THE LAST NIZAM

Main article: Hyderabad Campaign (1948) General El Edroos (at right) offers his surrender of the Hyderabad State Forces to Major General (later General and Army Chief) Joyanto Nath Chaudhuri at Secunderabad .

After the Independence of India in 1947, the Nizam
Nizam
of Hyderabad initially chose to join neither India nor Pakistan. He later declared Hyderabad
Hyderabad
a free, self-governing independent state but the Government of India, desirous of ending marginalization of the population under Nizam, refused to accept his point of view citing as reasons: Hyderabad
Hyderabad
being surrounded by India on all sides and not having an access to the sea. After extensive attempts by India to persuade the Nizam
Nizam
to accede to India failed, the Indian government finally launched a military operation named Operation Polo to overthrow his rule. When the Indian Army
Indian Army
invaded his princely State on 13 September 1948, his overwhelmingly untrained forces were unable to withstand the Indian army and were defeated. The Nizam
Nizam
capitulated in surrendering his forces on 17 September 1948; that same afternoon he broadcast the news over the State radio network. The Nizam
Nizam
was forced to accept accession to the new Republic of India. His abdication on 17 September 1948 marked the end of the dynasty's ambitions. Mir Osman Ali Khan, the last Nizam, died on Friday 24 February 1967. All the Nizams are buried in royal graves at the Makkah Masjid near Charminar
Charminar
in Hyderabad
Hyderabad
excepting the last, Mir Osman Ali Khan
Mir Osman Ali Khan
, who wished to be buried beside his mother, in the graveyard of Judi Mosque facing King Kothi Palace opposite, befitting the rulers in time and place.

PLACES AND THINGS NAMED AFTER THE NIZAM

* Nizamabad , a city and district in state of Telangana * Jamia Nizamia university * Nizam
Nizam
College * Nizam\'s Museum * Nizam\'s Guaranteed State Railway * Nizam\'s Institute of Medical Sciences * Jewels of the Nizams * Nizam
Nizam
Diamond * Nizam
Nizam
Sagar * HMAS Nizam
Nizam
, a Royal Australian Naval vessel named for the Nizam prince who helped finance her construction * Nizamia observatory * Nizam
Nizam
Club * Nizams History

SEE ALSO

* Osmanistan * Hyderabad State * Hyderabadi Muslims * History of Telangana
Telangana
* Carnatic Wars
Carnatic Wars
* History of Hyderabad, India
Hyderabad, India
* Paigah * Salar Jung family * List of Sunni Muslim dynasties

REFERENCES

* ^ "Dictionary of Battles and Sieges: P-Z". google.com.pk. * ^ "The State at War in South Asia". google.com.pk. * ^ Nath Sen, Sailendra. "Anglo-Maratha Relations, 1785-96, Volume 2". google.co.in. * ^ " Hyderabad
Hyderabad
Rulers with their Coinage details". Chiefacoins.com. Retrieved 2014-02-27. * ^ "Official Website of Indian Army". Retrieved 28 September 2014.

* ^ " Hyderabad
Hyderabad
on the Net". Retrieved 28 September 2014. * ^ "Top 10: Richest Men (of All Time)". inStash. Retrieved 28 September 2014. * ^ "Hyderabad:silver jubilee durbar". Time (magazine)
Time (magazine)
. 22 February 1937. Retrieved 15 September 2011. * ^ A B "Hyderabad:the holdout". Time (magazine)
Time (magazine)
. 30 August 1948. Retrieved 10 October 2011. * ^ A B "Richest Indian in history!". Daily Star (United Kingdom)
Daily Star (United Kingdom)
. 23 July 2010. Retrieved 15 September 2011. "Making money the royal way". The Economic Times
The Economic Times
. 23 April 2008. Retrieved 15 September 2011.

* ^ A B C "Jewel in the crown: a palace fit for a Nizam". The Guardian . 20 February 2011. Retrieved 15 September 2011. * ^ History of the rupee * ^ Mahmood Bin, Muhammad (1999). A policeman ponders: memories and melodies of a varied life. A.P.H.Publishing Corporation. p. 19. ISBN 978-81-7648-026-0 . * ^ Rann Singh, Mann (1996). Tribes of India:ongoing challenges. MD Publication Pvt Ltd. p. 310. ISBN 81-7533-007-4 . * ^ "hyder". Retrieved 28 September 2014. * ^ http://joyhyderabad.com/web/history-of-hyderabad/

Secondary sources

* Briggs, Henry George (1861). The Nizam: His History and Relations With the British Government, Volume 1. London: B. Quaritch . * Hastings, Fraser (1865). Our Faithful Ally, the Nizam. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
Smith, Elder & Co.
* Lynton, Harriet Ronken; Rajan, Mohini (1974). The Days of the Beloved. University of California Press
University of California Press
. ISBN 0-520-02442-7 . * Lynton, Harriet Ronken; Rajan, Mohini. The Days of the Beloved. Berkeley University Press. * Nayeem, M. A. Mughal Administration of Deccan Under Nizamul Mulk Asaf Jah, 1720–48 A.D. Indian Council of Historical Research, University of Pune, Dept. of History. * Ranga, Reddy A. (2003). The state of Rayalaseema. Naurang Rai, Mittal Publication. p. 5. ISBN 978-81-7099-814-3 . * P.V, Kate (1987). Marathwada Under the Nizams, 1724–1948. Mittal Publications. pp. 23–47. ISBN 81-7099-017-3 . * Regani, Sarojini (1988) . Nizam-British Relations, 1724–1857. New Delhi: Concept Publishing Company. ISBN 978-81-7022-195-1 . * Zubrzycki, John (2006). The Last Nizam: An Indian Prince in the Australian Outback. Australia: Pan Macmillan . ISBN 978-0-330-42321-2 .

EXTERNAL LINKS

Wikimedia Commons has media related to NIZAMS OF HYDERABAD .

* Asaf Jahi Dynasty with Genealogical Tree and Photos * Detailed genealogy of the Nizams of Hyderabad * Rare colour footage of accession

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