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Nitrospirae is a phylum of bacteria. It contains only one class, Nitrospira, which itself contains one order (Nitrospirales) and one family (Nitrospiraceae). It includes multiple genera, such as Nitrospira, the largest. The first member of this phylum, Nitrospira marina, was discovered in 1985.[1] The second member, Nitrospira moscoviensis, was discovered in 1995.[2][3]

Contents

1 Phylogeny 2 Taxonomy 3 See also 4 References 5 Further reading 6 External links

Phylogeny[edit] See also: Bacterial taxonomy The phylogeny based on the work of the All-Species Living Tree Project.[4]

Leptospirillum

L. ferriphilum Coram and Rawlings 2002

L. ferrooxidans (ex Markosyan 1972) Hippe 2000 (type sp.)

Thermodesulfovibrio

T. hydrogeniphilus Haouari et al. 2009

T. aggregans Sekiguchi et al. 2008

T. thiophilus Sekiguchi et al. 2008

T. islandicus Sonne-Hansen and Ahring 2000

T. yellowstonii Henry et al. 1994 (type sp.)

Taxonomy[edit] The currently accepted taxonomy is based on the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature (LSPN)[5] and the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI).[3]

Phylum "Nitrospirae" Garrity & Holt 2001 [Nitrospiraeota Oren et al. 2015 ]

Class Nitrospiria Oren et al. 2015 ["Nitrospirae"]

Order "Nitrospirales"

Family "Nitrospiraceae"

Genus "Candidatus Magnetobacterium" Spring et al. 1993

Species "Ca. M. bavaricum" Spring et al. 1993 Species "Ca. M. casensis" Lin et al. 2014

Genus "Candidatus Magnetoovum" Lefevre et al. 2011

Species "Ca. M. mohavensis" Lefevre et al. 2011 Species "Ca. M. chiemensis" Kolinko 2014

Genus Leptospirillum (ex Markosyan 1972) Hippe 2000

Species L. ferrodiazotrophum ♠ Tyson et al. 2005 Species L. rubarum ♠ Aliaga Goltsman et al. 2009 Species L. thermoferrooxidans Hippe 2000 Species L. ferriphilum Coram and Rawlings 2002 Species L. ferrooxidans (ex Markosyan 1972) Hippe 2000 (type sp.)

Genus Nitrospira Watson et al. 1986

Species "Ca. N. bockiana" ♠ Lebedeva et al. 2008 Species "Ca. N. inopinata" ♠ Daims et al. 2015 Species "Ca. N. nitrificans" ♠ van Kessel et al. 2015 Species "Ca. N. nitrosa" ♠ van Kessel et al. 2015 Species "Ca. N. salsa" ♠ Haaijer et al. 2013 Species N. calida ♠ Lebedeva et al. 2011 Species N. defluvii ♠ Nowka et al. 2015 ["Candidatus Nitrospira defluvii" Spieck et al. 2006] Species N. japonica ♠ Ushiki et al. 2013 Species N. lenta Nowka et al. 2015 Species N. marina Watson et al. 1986 (type sp.) Species N. moscoviensis Ehrich et al. 1995

Genus Thermodesulfovibrio Henry et al. 1994 emend. Sekiguchi et al. 2008

Species T. aggregans Sekiguchi et al. 2008 Species T. hydrogeniphilus Haouari et al. 2009 Species T. islandicus Sonne-Hansen and Ahring 2000 Species T. thiophilus Sekiguchi et al. 2008 Species T. yellowstonii Henry et al. 1994 (type sp.)

Notes: ♠ Strain found at the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) but not listed in the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature (LPSN) See also[edit]

Nitrospira Nitrosomonas Nitrobacteraceae Nitrobacter Nitrogen cycle Nitrite Nitrate List of bacterial orders

References[edit]

^ Stanley W. Watson; Eberhard Bock; Frederica W. Valois; John B. Waterbury; Ursula Schlosser. " Nitrospira marina gen. nov. sp. nov.: a chemolithotrophic nitrite-oxidizing bacterium". Arch Microbiol. 144 (1): 1–7. doi:10.1007/BF00454947.  ^ Ehrich S, Behrens D, Lebedeva E, Ludwig W, Bock E (1995). "A new obligately chemolithoautotrophic, nitrite-oxidizing bacterium, Nitrospira moscoviensis sp. nov. and its phylogenetic relationship". Arch Microbiol. 164 (1): 16–23. doi:10.1007/BF02568729. PMID 7646315.  ^ a b Sayers; et al. "Nitrospirae". National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) taxonomy database. Retrieved 2016-03-20.  ^ "16S rRNA-based LTP release 123 (full tree)" (PDF). Silva Comprehensive Ribosomal RNA Database. Retrieved 2016-03-20.  ^ J.P. Euzéby. "Nitrospirae". List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature (LPSN). Retrieved 2016-03-20. 

Further reading[edit]

Lefevre, Christopher T.; Frankel, Richard B.; Abreu, Fernanda; Lins, Ulysses; Bazylinski, Dennis A. (26 Oct 2010). "Culture-independent characterization of a novel, uncultivated magnetotactic member of the Nitrospirae phylum". Environmental Microbiology. 13 (2): 538–549. doi:10.1111/j.1462-2920.2010.02361.x. PMID 20977572. 

External links[edit]

Leptospirillum sp.

v t e

Prokaryotes: Bacteria
Bacteria
classification (phyla and orders)

Domain Archaea Bacteria Eukaryota (Supergroup Plant Hacrobia Heterokont Alveolata Rhizaria Excavata Amoebozoa Opisthokonta

Animal Fungi)

G-/ OM

Terra-/ Glidobacteria (BV1)

Eobacteria

Deinococcus–Thermus

Deinococcales Thermales

Chloroflexi

Anaerolineales Caldilineales Chloroflexales Herpetosiphonales Dehalococcoidales Ktedonobacterales Thermogemmatisporales Thermomicrobiales Sphaerobacterales

other glidobacteria

Thermodesulfobacteria thermophiles

Aquificae Thermotogae

Cyanobacteria

Proteobacteria (BV2)

Alpha

Caulobacterales Kiloniellales Kordiimonadales Magnetococcales Parvularculales Rhizobiales Rhodobacterales Rhodospirillales Rickettsiales Sneathiellales Sphingomonadales

Beta

Burkholderiales Hydrogenophilales Methylophilales Neisseriales Nitrosomonadales Procabacteriales Rhodocyclales

Gamma

Acidithiobacillales Aeromonadales Alteromonadales Cardiobacteriales Chromatiales Enterobacteriales Legionellales Methylococcales Oceanospirillales Orbales Pasteurellales Pseudomonadales Salinisphaerales Thiotrichales Vibrionales Xanthomonadales

Delta

Bdellovibrionales Desulfarculales Desulfobacterales Desulfovibrionales Desulfurellales Desulfuromonadales Myxococcales Syntrophobacterales Syntrophorhabdales

Epsilon

Campylobacterales Nautiliales

Zeta

Mariprofundales

BV4

Spirochaetes

Spirochaetes

Sphingobacteria (FCB group)

Fibrobacteres Chlorobi

Chlorobiales Ignavibacteriales

Bacteroidetes

Bacteroidales Cytophagales Flavobacteriales Sphingobacteriales

Planctobacteria/ (PVC group)

Chlamydiae Lentisphaerae

Lentisphaerales Oligosphaerales Victivallales

Planctomycetes

Phycisphaerales Planctomycetales

Verrucomicrobia

Puniceicoccales Opitutales Chthoniobacterales Verrucomicrobiales

"Poribacteria"

Other GN

Acidobacteria

Acidobacteriales Acanthopleuribacterales Holophagales Solibacterales

Armatimonadetes

Armatimonadales Chthonomonadales Fimbriimonadales

Caldiserica Chrysiogenetes Deferribacteres Dictyoglomi Elusimicrobia Fusobacteria Gemmatimonadetes Nitrospirae Synergistetes

G+/ no OM

Firmicutes (BV3)

Bacilli

Bacillales Lactobacillales

Clostridia

Clostridiales Halanaerobiales Thermoanaerobacteriales Natranaerobiales

Erysipelotrichia

Erysipelotrichiales

Thermolithobacteria

Thermolithobacterales

Tenericutes/ Mollicutes

Mycoplasmatales Entomoplasmatales Anaeroplasmatales Acholeplasmatales Haloplasmatales

Negativicutes

Selenomonadales

Actinobacteria (BV5)

Actinobacteria

Actinomycetales Bifidobacteriales

Acidimicrobiia

Acidimicrobiales

Coriobacteriidae

Coriobacteriales

Nitriliruptoria

Euzebyales Nitriliruptorales

Rubrobacteria

Gaiellales Rubrobacterales Thermoleophilales Solirubrobacterales

Incertae sedis

†Archaeosphaeroides †Eobacterium †Leptotrichites

Source: Bergey's Manual (2001–2012). Alternative views: Wikispecies.

Taxon identifiers

Wd: Q20751938 NCBI: 40117

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