Akhara (English: "Group without Attachment") is a Hindu
religious denomination. It is one of the fourteen akharas recognized
by the Akhil Bharatiya
Akhara Parishad and belongs to the Vaishnava
It is headed by Mahant Bhaskar Das.
Akhara was established in 1720 by Ramanandacharya. It is a
wealthy sect that owns many temples and mathas in the Indian states of
Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat, and
Bihar. Members are expected to lead simple and austere lives of
celibacy and to accept
Rama as their God. They have renounced the
material world for the company of Rama. They are sadhus,
men often given to asceticism. New recruits are mainly in their teens
and can be from any
Hindu caste. They are put through a grueling
schedule to master the
Hindu scriptures (
Vedas and Upanishads) as well
as certain martial arts. In former times, members of the sect had a
mandate to provide protection to the followers of
Rama and were given
rigorous training in archery, swordsmanship, and wrestling. Portions
of this curriculum are still observed, though it is more moderate in
Certain adherents have garnered public attention, since 1949, in
connection with the Ayodhya debate, when a suit was filed on their
behalf to reclaim the disputed site of the Babri Mosque. They have
claimed in court that there is no mosque referred to as "Babri Masjid"
at the disputed site in Ayodhya.
Akhara filed a suit in 1885[clarification needed (see talk
page)] with the sub-judge of Faizabad, seeking consent to construct a
Rama in the Ram Chabutra, the area adjacent to the Babri
Mosque. The sub-judge held that two large religious structures in
close proximity could potentially be a "threat" to public order.
Permission was denied by the court, though the Nirmohi
since kept up its effort to reclaim the land and construct the
In 1989, the Nirmohi
Akhara filed a lawsuit against the Uttar Pradesh
State government, claiming that they had been worshiping the deities
installed at a temple at the then disputed site since ancient times,
and requesting the Court to hand the management of the temple over to
On 30 September 2010, a
Lucknow panel of three judges of the
Allahabad High Court
Allahabad High Court pronounced the verdict on the case, deciding to
give a third part of the land to each party, namely the Sunni Waqf
Board, Ram-Lalla Deity, and the Nirmohi Akhara. The Ram-Lalla Deity
retained its present position and the Nirmohi
Akhara received the
areas referred to as the Sita Rasoi and Ram Chabutara.
^ a b Who Are the Nirmohi Akhara? Wall Street Journal - 30 September
^ [dead link]
^ a b "Disputed site in Ayodhya is Ram's birthplace: High Court".
Hindustan Times. 2010-09-30. Retrieved 2012-07-31.
^ "Welcome to Frontline : Vol. 29 :: No. 15".
Hinduonnet.com. Retrieved 2012-07-31.
Allahabad High Court
Allahabad High Court Judgement summary" (PDF).
Elegalix.allanhabadhighcourt.in. pp. 15/17. Retrieved
^ "Decision of Hon'ble
Special Full Bench hearing Ayodhya Matters".
Retrieved November 2011. Check date values in: access-date=
^ "Who is Nirmohi Akhara". The Asian Age. 2010-09-30. Retrieved