The NINE NETWORK (commonly known as CHANNEL NINE or simply NINE) is a
major Australian commercial free-to-air television network , that is a
Nine Entertainment Co.
Nine Entertainment Co. with headquarters in Willoughby , a
suburb located on the North Shore of
Sydney , Australia. The Nine
Network is one of three main free-to-air commercial networks in
Nine Network is one of the two highest-rating television networks
in Australia, along with the
Seven Network and ahead of
Network Ten ,
ABC , and SBS . Nine had historically been the highest-rating
television network since television's inception in
Australia in 1956
for most years up to 2006, although
Network Ten had dominated in 1985
and for a number of years in the 1970s. The
Nine Network was overtaken
in the ratings in 2007 by its rival, the Seven Network, which had
previously dominated from the late 1980s to the mid 1990s. As a
result, Nine's slogan "Still the One" was discontinued. Since 2009,
the network's slogan has been "Welcome Home". After a few years in
slight decline, with a period plagued by mass sackings , programme
cancellations, and budget cuts, the
Nine Network has experienced a
period of stability. With the exception of Friday nights, Nine has
recently dominated weeknights, in terms of ratings. Similar to the
Network itself, in some respects, after years of slight decline in
ratings, Nine's news program,
National Nine News
National Nine News , has seen the return
to being the most watched news program in metro areas. In 2016, Nine
had the largest share of audience according to the ozTAM ratings
system, a share of 20.7%. This was higher than the other two major
networks, and SBS and the ABC.
* 1 History
* 1.1 Origins
* 1.2 1977–2006: The golden era
* 1.3 2006–2008: Nine loses to Seven
* 1.4 2008–2015: Expanding digital services
* 1.5 2015–present: A new era in television
* 2 Programming
* 3 News and current affairs
* 3.1 History
* 3.2 Sport
* 4 Availability
* 5 Logo and identity history
* 5.1 Identity history
* 6 See also
* 7 References
* 8 Further reading
* 9 External links
TCN -9 launched on 16 September 1956. John Godson introduced the
Bruce Gyngell presented the first programme, This Is
Television (so becoming the first person to appear on Australian
television). Later that year, GTV -9 in Melbourne commenced
transmissions to broadcast the
1956 Summer Olympics , later forming
the NATIONAL TELEVISION NETWORK alongside
QTQ -9 in Brisbane in 1959
and NWS -9 in Adelaide, the basis of the current Nine Network, in
1959. Before its formation, TCN-9 was then affiliated with HSV -7
(because they were both Australia's first television stations, having
been opened in 1956), and GTV-9's sister affiliate was
ATN -7. By the
late 1960s, the network had begun unofficially calling itself "the
National Nine Network", and became simply the
Nine Network in 1989.
Before the official conversion to colour on 1 March 1975, it was the
first Australian television station to regularly screen programmes in
colour with the first program to use it premiering in 1971, the very
year NTD -8 in Darwin opened its doors.
In 1967, the
New South Wales Rugby Football League
New South Wales Rugby Football League grand final became
the first football grand final of any code to be televised live in
Nine Network paid $5,000 (equivalent to $53,828.67 in
2010) for the broadcasting rights.
In the late 1980s,
STW -9 Perth, which opened in 1965, became a Nine
Network owned-and-operated station when Bond Media purchased the
network. However, in 1989, Bond Media sold the Perth-based station to
Sunraysia Television for A$ 95 million, due to the federal cross-media
ownership laws which restricted the level of national reach for media
In 2011 GTV 9 Melbourne moved from 22 Bendigo Street, Richmond, to
717 Bourke Street, Docklands. 22 Bendigo Street started out as the
Wertheim Piano Factory, then became the Heinz Soup Factory, then GTV9.
The building in Bendigo Street still stands, now as luxury apartments.
1977–2006: THE GOLDEN ERA
Nine began using the slogan "Let Us Be The One" (based on The
Carpenters song) in 1977 and became the number-one free-to-air network
in Australia; its
National Nine News
National Nine News became the most-watched news
service. In 1978, Nine switched its slogan to "Still the One"
(modelled on the campaign used by ABC in the United States), which
lasted until the ratings downfall in January 2006. During the 1980s,
Nine's ratings peaked. From 1999 to 2001, the network began losing
ground to the Seven network in news and entertainment, but received a
boost after the coverage of the 11 September attacks in 2001. The
death of CEO
Kerry Packer in 2005 triggered more problems for the
network. Digital terrestrial television was introduced on 1 January
2006–2008: NINE LOSES TO SEVEN
Nine stayed strong throughout 2004, winning 38 out of 40 ratings
weeks, but was hit hard when Seven introduced a new line-up in 2005,
though Nine finished ahead of Seven that year. Meanwhile, National
Nine News was overtaken by
Seven News , while Today was beaten by
Seven's Sunrise. In 2006, Nine continued on its downward trend,
losing most news weeks to
Seven News and just winning the year thanks
to its coverage of the
2006 Commonwealth Games . To try to revitalise
the network in its 50th anniversary, Nine adopted a new, but
critically received, logo that removed the nine dots, which had been
part of the network's identity since 1964. In May 2007, Nine partially
reintroduced the Nine dots, which resulted in the square logo changing
into a three-dimensional (3D) cube that rotates, with the dots visible
on every second side of the cube.
After a period of declining ratings,
David Gyngell returned to the
job of chief executive officer in October 2007, succeeding Eddie
In 2007, despite several hits, Seven won the whole year by a
significant margin. The
Seven Network had won 38 weeks, whereas the
Nine Network only won two.
2008–2015: EXPANDING DIGITAL SERVICES
In 2008, as part of a major relaunch, the network dropped the blue
box, and reinstated its nine dots in its logo, with a 3D look. After
losing viewers to Seven News, Nine relaunched its news service as Nine
News , which managed to win more weeks over Seven in the first half of
2008. Nine also launched a break-out hit,
Underbelly , which attracted
over 2.5 million viewers in its first season. Nine tried to attract
younger demographics, so while Seven went on to win the ratings year
in total people, Nine was rated the number one network in the key
18–49 and 25–54 demographics.
In March 2008, The
Nine Network launched a high definition channel
called Nine HD on channel 90 until 2010.
In 2009, Nine started relatively strongly due to the top-rating
Australian drama Underbelly: A Tale of Two Cities and the Twenty20
Cricket series, but could not hold its audience after
Network Ten 's
Masterchef became a hit. Nine became inconsistent with scheduling and
removal of programmes. Nine also launched a number of reality shows,
Ladette to Lady , Wipeout
Australia\'s Perfect Couple , and The Apprentice
Australia , in the
hope of achieving the same success other networks had with the genre.
All the new formats underperformed in the ratings and did not help the
network establish any stable local content. Nine also expanded its
news strand with the reintroduction of a late night bulletin (for its
owned-and-operated stations), an extended morning bulletin and weekend
editions of Today . The flagship 6:00 pm state bulletins continued to
fall in the ratings, though its Melbourne bulletin remained
competitive, being the only market to win any weeks against Seven
In August 2009, Nine launched its own digital multi-channel called
GO! on Channel 99, primarily aimed at a younger demographic. The
shares from GO! contributed to Nine's weekly shares and allowed it to
enjoy several weeks of weekly ratings wins. In September, the network
took on a new slogan, "Welcome Home", and revamped its graphic
package. With the resurgence of Nine News, growth of Today,
60 Minutes and a new programme line-up consisting of
Hey Hey It\'s Saturday ,
Underbelly and Sea Patrol , Nine enjoyed more
In 2010, Nine obtained the rights to exclusive coverage of the Sydney
New Year's Eve fireworks. GO! won the year in digital shares only. On
26 September 2010, Nine launched their third digital channel GEM (an
acronym of General Entertainment and Movies) on Channel 90. In 2011,
Nine Network announced a new "Home of Comedy" line-up with comedy
shows such as
Two and a Half Men ,
The Big Bang Theory , and other
American sitcoms, along with the launch of a live comedy show Ben
Elton Live From Planet Earth , which was cancelled after only three
episodes due to low ratings. Nine also brought back This Is Your Life
Eddie McGuire as host, although the series was cancelled after
airing four episodes. The
Nine Network had success in the ratings in
the second half of 2011 with The Block , Underbelly: Razor , and The
Australia . The highly anticipated return of a
revamped ninth season of
Two and a Half Men proved a huge success for
the network, generating 2.3 million viewers and dominating the week as
top program. The return of new episodes of the popular sitcom The Big
Bang Theory was also a huge success for the network, scoring high
figures consistently week after week and dominating the evening as top
Nine Network was in second place in the ratings again in
2011 on 19.6%, behind the
Seven Network (23.1%) and ahead of the
Network Ten (15.9%), ABC (12.2%) and SBS (4.6%).
On 24 November 2011, the
Nine Network announced the line-up for 2012,
with a focus on reality programs, including an Australian version of
The Voice , the return of Big Brother ,
Excess Baggage , and The
Celebrity Apprentice Australia. The
Nine Network also aired coverage
2012 Summer Olympics
2012 Summer Olympics in London. A new morning show, "Mornings
", replaced the departure of
Kerri-Anne Kennerley 's self-titled show,
after nine years on air. The program is hosted by
Sonia Kruger and
David Campbell .
On 26 March 2012, the
Nine Network launched Extra , a new channel
aimed at delivering home shopping, brand funded, religious, community,
educational and multi-cultural programming content created by
advertisers. The channel was created to try to lower Nine's ballooning
debt, also the addition of a fourth channel to their
in metropolitan areas has lowered the encoded quality of their other
channels given Australian broadcasters are already pushing the limits
with the use of H.262 video for one HD and two SD channels in a single
7-MHz allocation. The new channel is not carried by their regional
It was reported on 31 May 2012 that the Australian telecommunications
WIN Television Network CEO, Bruce Gordon, are
considering making a takeover bid for Nine Entertainment. The
network currently is trying to fight off administration as it deals
with a debt exceeding A$3.3 billion.
It was reported on 3 June 2013 that the
Nine Network would
immediately purchase Adelaide affiliate NWS-9 from the WIN Corporation
as part of a deal to secure international cricket television rights.
On 3 July 2013, it was reported that Nine would exercise an option to
also buy STW-9 from WIN Corporation. Both purchases have resulted in
these stations being, once again, O&O stations of the network for the
first time since the 1980s.
As of 10 December 2013, Nine no longer broadcasts on analog TV and is
now only available through digital TV or digital set-top box.
On 27 January 2014, the
Nine Network have stopped using the Supertext
logo and have switched to their own Closed Captioning logo.
2015–PRESENT: A NEW ERA IN TELEVISION
On 26 November 2015, Nine relaunched
9HD , an HD simulcast of their
primary channel, on channel 90 and launched new lifestyle channel
9Life on channel 94. In addition to the relaunch of 9HD, GEM (renamed
9Gem ) was reduced to standard definition and moved to channel 92 and
9Go! ) was moved to channel 93. On 16 December 2015,
Nine also changed its on-air theme for a continuous design across all
of its channels with the
Nine News /9news.com.au branding to remain
unchanged. This included a new look for program listings, program
advertisements and promos. Additionally in November 2015, Hugh Marks
David Gyngell as CEO.
On 27 January 2016, Nine's online catch-up video on demand service
9Jumpin was retired and replaced by
9Now offers a range of
content larger than 9Jumpin and also offers a live streaming service
for Nine's multicast channels. Live streaming for Nine was launched on
the same day, with streaming for
9Life launched on 19
May 2016. Following the launch of 9Now, the
WIN Corporation , owner of
WIN Television , filed a lawsuit against Nine
Entertainment Co., claiming that live streaming into regional areas
breaches their affiliation agreement. The case was later dismissed
on 28 April 2016 with Justice Hammerschlag of the NSW Supreme Court
stating that, "I have concluded that live streaming is not
broadcasting within the meaning of the PSA (program supply agreement),
and that Nine is under no express or implied obligation not to do it."
Following their victory in the
9Now court case, Nine Entertainment
Co. announced on 29 April 2016 that it had signed a $500 million five
year affiliation deal with
Southern Cross Austereo
Southern Cross Austereo , the then-primary
regional affiliate of
Network Ten . Beginning 1 July 2016, WIN
Television will lose its Nine affiliate status to Southern Cross,
which will have Nine's metropolitan branding introduced across its
television assets. Nine later secured an affiliate deal with Mildura
Digital Television , a joint venture between WIN and Prime Media
Group, on 28 June 2016 to supply Nine content to the Mildura and
Sunraysia area due to WIN switching affiliation to Network Ten. Nine
finalised supply deals with WIN for South
Australia and Griffith on 29
June 2016 after long negotiations, with a deal for Tasmanian joint
venture TDT secured the following day after long negotiations. A
supply deal for Western
Australia joint venture West Digital
Television was not secured before the 1 July 2016 deadline, but a
deal was later finalised on 2 July 2016 with programming resuming that
List of programs broadcast by Nine Network
Nine Network broadcasts a range of programming from Australian
and overseas sources. Nine's current Australian programming line-up
includes: Today Extra , The AFL Footy Show , The NRL Footy Show ,
Footy Classified , RBT , The Block ,
60 Minutes ,
Millionaire Hot Seat ,
20 to One , True Story with Hamish ">
The network formerly broadcast catalogue movie and television titles
from Sony Pictures produced in 2008 prior to 2012, Sony Pictures and
Warner Bros before being fully broadcast by the
Seven Network and
Foxtel from 2016 onwards and
Regency Enterprises produced prior to
2016, Regency being fully broadcast by
Network Ten from 2016 onwards.
Effective from early 2015 and early 2017 onwards respectively, Nine
revived Paramount and Universal broadcast rights, the latter with a
three-way joint venture with Seven and Ten.
NEWS AND CURRENT AFFAIRS
Nine Network journalist interviewing an Australian soldier in
Iraq during 2017
The Nine Network's news service is
Nine News (previously National
Nine News). For decades, it was the top-rating news service
nationally, but was over taken in the mid 2000s by rival network
Seven. Nine regained its news dominance (nationally) at the conclusion
of the 2013 ratings year.
Nine produces several news bulletins and programmes, including Today
, Weekend Today , Nine News: Early Edition , Nine Morning News , Nine
News Now , Nine Afternoon News , Nine News: First at Five , and local
nightly editions of
Nine News .
The news service also produces
A Current Affair which programs every
60 Minutes , which programs every Sunday night. During
weekday overnights and Sunday mornings, Nine rebroadcasts American
television network ABC 's news and current affairs programme Good
Morning America .
From 2008, major expansion saw Today broadcast on Saturdays and
Sundays, too, the weekday version running from 05:30 until 09:00
weekdays, the launch of the Nine Early News , the axing of the Sunday
National Nine News
National Nine News becoming
Nine News after poor ratings,
losing to Seven News, Nine Late News was launched then renamed as
Nightline and the 11 am bulletin be renamed as Nine\'s Morning News ,
running from 11:00 until 12:00 weekdays (now a half-hour news bulletin
from 2015 onwards).
Meanwhile, several additions have been made to
Nine News teams around
the country, as well as the acquisition of more reporters by A Current
Affair and also state-based Today reporters (plus a Weekend Today
Nine News website moved from its ninemsn website to a
brand-only website become 9news.com.au, which are still in use to this
Nine has posted journalists overseas to cover major European stories
following the closure of its European bureau in late 2008, with the
last European correspondent,
James Talia , being redesignated to his
former role as a senior Melbourne
Nine News journalist. Reporters
including Simon Bouda,
Allison Langdon , Chloe Bugelly, Tim Arvier,
Brett McLeod have all been on projects for
Nine News bulletins in
Greece, the UK, France, South Africa, Thailand, and the Czech
Starting in the 1980s, the
Eyewitness News theme music (adapted from
Cool Hand Luke
Cool Hand Luke ) has been the official
Nine News theme.
First adopted in the
Sydney and Melbourne stations and later in Perth
and Adelaide, it its now played nationwide in all 5 O&O stations in
their respective newscasts. Only
NBN Television does not use the
Further information: Nine\'s Wide World of Sports
Channel Nine broadcasts all sporting events under the Wide World of
Sports brand. The flagship sports of the brand are cricket , National
Rugby League (NRL), and formerly
Australian rules football , until
Nine lost the rights in 2006, and Super League while it existed. NRL
games are broadcast in prime time on Nine in New South Wales and
Queensland on Friday nights, however prime time NRL is shown at same
time on multichannel
9Gem in Victoria, South Australia, Western
Australia, and Tasmania.
Nine's other popular recurring sporting events include the State of
Origin series , KFC Twenty20, Commonwealth Bank Series
Cricket , and
Test cricket and formerly the
Australian Swimming Championships until
Nine lost the rights in 2009. As well as this, the Nine Network, in
joint partnership with subscription television provider Foxtel, had
broadcast rights for the
2010 Winter Olympics
2010 Winter Olympics and the 2012 Summer
On 26 May 2010, Nine became the first free-to-air television channel
Australia to broadcast in 3D. The broadcast was the 2010 State of
Origin series .
In 2017 Nine\'s Wide World of Sports will become the home of Netball.
The network will broadcast 2 Live matches every Saturday Night of the
Suncorp Super Netball league. They will also televise every
Australian Diamonds Fixture and the
Constellation Cup . All netball
will be Live on
Nine Network is simulcast in standard and high definition
digital. Nine's core programming is fibre-fed out of GTV Melbourne to
its sister stations and affiliates, with
Sydney providing national
news, current affairs programming, and
Good Morning America with the
EIA-608 captions converted on-the-fly by a Microsoft Windows product.
The current affairs programming was originally done at GTV before
TCN in 2012. The receiving stations and affiliates then
insert their own localised news and advertising which is then
broadcast in metropolitan areas via
Nine Network owned-and-operated
TCN Sydney, GTV Melbourne,
QTQ Brisbane, NWS
STW Perth and NTD Darwin.
Nine Network programming is also
carried into regional
Australia by O">
9HD logo (2015–present)
Nine Network originally launched a high definition simulcast of
their main channel on channel 90 on 1 January 2001 alongside the
introduction of digital terrestrial television in Australia. The
simulcast was relaunched as a breakaway multichannel
9HD on 17 March
2008 but was reverted to a simulcast on 3 August 2009 and was later
replaced by GEM (now 9Gem) on 26 September 2010.
9HD was revived as a
1080i HD simulcast of Nine on 26 November 2015 on channel 90, bumping
9Gem to SD on channel 92.
9Now is a video on demand , catch up TV service run by the Nine
Network. The service became available on 27 January 2016, replacing
Nine's previous service 9Jumpin.
9Now also offers online live
streaming for Nine,
NRL premiership season and the Olympic news on Today and Nine News
don't broadcast live streaming due to
Telstra digital rights and the
IOC rights instead it replaces the message board until the NRL ">
1964 – 29 January 2006 (used as a secondary logo in Melbourne,
Sydney and Adelaide from 1977-1988, and in Perth from 1977-1981)
February 1977 – 26 January 1988 (used as on-air identification in
Sydney and Adelaide only, used in Perth 1977–1981)
30 January 2006 – 14 January 2007
15 January 2007 – 13 January 2008
14 January 2008 – 26 September 2009
27 September 2009 – 15 April 2012
15 April 2012 – Present
* Summer 1971/1972: Have a Happy Summer
* 1972: Get the Channel 9 Feeling!
* 1973: This is the Place to Be in '73
* Winter 1974: Come Home to Us This Winter
* 1975 - 1976: Living Color
* 1977 : Let Us Be The One (also used by American Broadcasting
Company in 1976)
* 1978, 1980 – December 2006: Still The One (also used by the
American Broadcasting Company
American Broadcasting Company in 1977 and 1979,
WIN Television from
1989 to December 2006,
NBN Television from 1994 to December 2006 and
BTV6 , VTV and
TasTV in the 1990s)
* 1979 – 31 May 2006: This is Channel Nine
* 1979: We're The One (also used by
American Broadcasting Company
American Broadcasting Company in
* 1983: Come On Along (also used by
American Broadcasting Company
American Broadcasting Company in
* 1986: You'll Love It (also used by American Broadcasting Company
* 1996: 40 Years of Television
* 1999 - 2000: New Millennium Television
* 1 June 2006 – 30 November 2007: Channel Nine
* 1 December 2007 – 31 January 2009: we♥TV
* 1 February – 27 September 2009: Choose Nine
* 27 September 2009 – present: Welcome Home
* 2014–present: Love This City (
* 16 September 2016: Celebrating 60 years of Television, Happy
Birthday, Channel Nine
* Television in
List of Australian television series
List of Australian television series
* ^ Enker, Debi (13 December 2007). "The stars of 2007". The Age
Online. Fairfax Digital.
* ^ Dawson, Abigail (3 June 2017). "Seven wins Friday night ratings
with a 24.7% audience share". Mumbrella.com.au.
* ^ Samios, Zoe (2 June 2017). "News programs dominate Thursday
night but Ten’s Masterchef wins across the key demos".
* ^ Styles, Aja (3 October 2016). "Channel Nine has biggest city
audience ever watching NRL grand final".
Sydney Morning Herald.
* ^ Hey You! Classic Australian Television, 2008
* ^ Masters, Roy (4 October 2009). "Messenger can watch a better
league broadcast in the US than south of the border". Brisbane Times.
Fairfax Digital. Retrieved 10 May 2009.
* ^ Webb, Richard (20 April 1989). "Sunraysia settles STW-9
purchase". Australian Financial Review.
* ^ "Uechtritz resigns as Nine news director".
Herald . 1 July 2005. Retrieved 1 June 2017.
* ^ Knox, David (24 August 2009). "
Nine News to unveil new
TV Tonight . Retrieved 19 July 2017.
* ^ 2.3m for
Two and a Half Men TV Tonight, 21 September 2011
* ^ Free To Air TV Ratings For The Year 2011 Throng, 26 November
* ^ A B Nine\'s Home of Excitement in 2012. The Voice, Excess
Baggage, Big Brother, more Underbelly, Celebrity Apprentice and The
Block Throng, 24 November 2011
Telstra eyes troubled Nine television network The Australian,
31 May 2012 (subscription required)
* ^ Bruce Gordon explores possible Nine bid Business Spectator, 13
* ^ Knox, David. "Nine signs news cricket deal, buys Adelaide
affiliate". Retrieved 3 June 2013.
* ^ "Nine to buy WIN Perth TV station". Australian Associated Press
. Retrieved 3 July 2013.
* ^ Devlyn, Darren (28 October 2015). "Nine to simulcast in HD,
launches new lifestyle channel". NineMSN. Retrieved 27 January 2016.
* ^ A B Claire, Reilly (29 October 2015). "
Nine Network to live
stream all channels and revamp HD". cnet.com.au. Retrieved 27 January
* ^ Mason, Max (10 February 2016). "Bruce Gordon\'s WIN takes Nine
to court over streaming".
Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 29 April
* ^ Christensen, Nic (10 February 2016). "WIN takes Nine to court
to try and block its live streaming service
9Now in regional areas".
mUmBRELLA. Retrieved 29 April 2016.
* ^ McDonald, Philippa (28 April 2016). "Regional broadcaster WIN
loses bid to stop Channel Nine streaming programs". Australian
Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 29 April 2016.
* ^ Knot, David (28 April 2016). "Nine victory in 9NOW streaming
lawsuit filed by WIN TV". mUmBRELLA. Retrieved 29 April 2016.
* ^ Hayes, Alex (29 April 2016). "Nine Entertainment and Southern
Cross Austereo sign \'landmark\' affiliate agreement". mUmBRELLA.
Retrieved 29 April 2016.
* ^ White, Dominic (29 April 2016). "Nine and Southern Cross in
multi-year affiliation deal".
Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 29
* ^ Mitchell, Jake (28 June 2016). "Nine reaches affiliate deal to
run signal into regional Victoria". The Australian. Retrieved 28 June
* ^ A B Mitchell, Jake (29 June 2016). "Nine signs affiliate deals
with WIN". The Australian. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
* ^ A B Jones, Erin (29 June 2016). "
Nine Network television
programs to remain on air in the Riverland and South-East". The
Advertiser. Retrieved 30 June 2016.
* ^ Debelle, Penny (18 June 2016). "Nine and WIN-TV shows might be
axed from screens in the Riverland and South-East". The Advertiser.
Retrieved 19 June 2016.
* ^ Benuik, David (18 June 2016). "Tasmania could go from Channel 9
to Channel Nein as network yet to sign deal to broadcast in state".
Sunday Tasmanian. Retrieved 19 June 2016.
* ^ Knox, David (3 July 2016). "Nine reaches regional WA agreement
with WIN / Prime". TV Tonight. Retrieved 3 July 2016.
* ^ Ryan, Aaron. (6 December 2016). "Is getting rid of Two Broke
Girls worth $86m, Channel Nine?". Mumbrella. Archived from the
original on 7 December 2016. Retrieved 15 December 2016.
* ^ Nine has quit Sony deal TV Tonight, 20 July 2012
* ^ "Nine,
Foxtel to broadcast Olympics". Herald Sun. 13 October
2007. Archived from the original on 15 October 2007. Retrieved 13
* ^ "Read it and weep". Media Watch. Australian Broadcasting
Corporation. 7 March 2011. Retrieved 4 January 2014. One company now
provides captioning for Channels 7, 9, 10 and SBS. It's called Red Bee
* ^ "Ai-Media wins Nine captioning contract". Media Access
Australia. 30 August 2013. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
* ^ A B C D Desktop Magazine – Nine Network
* ^ Velvet mediendesign –
Nine Network Rebrand 2001
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2007. Retrieved 29 November 2007.
* ^ ZSPACE –
Nine Network 2012
* Stone, Gerald (2000). Compulsive Viewing: the inside story of
Packer's Nine Network. Ringwood, Victoria: Viking. ISBN 0-670-88690-4
* Stone, Gerald (2007). Who Killed Channel Nine?: The death of Kerry
Packer's mighty dream machine.
Sydney Australia: Pan Macmillan. ISBN
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deal'. Yaffa Publishing.
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