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NIKON CORPORATION (株式会社ニコン, Kabushiki-gaisha Nikon) (UK : /ˈnɪkɒn/ or US : /ˈnaɪkɒn/ ; listen (help ·info ) ), also known just as NIKON, is a Japanese multinational corporation headquartered in Tokyo, Japan, specializing in optics and imaging products.

Nikon's products include cameras , camera lenses , binoculars , microscopes , ophthalmic lenses , measurement instruments , rifle scopes , spotting scopes , and the steppers used in the photolithography steps of semiconductor fabrication , of which it is the world's second largest manufacturer. The company is the eighth-largest chip equipment maker as reported in 2017. The companies held by Nikon
Nikon
form the Nikon
Nikon
Group. Among its products are Nikkor
Nikkor
imaging lenses (for F-mount cameras, large format photography, photographic enlargers , and other applications), the Nikon F -series of 35 mm film SLR cameras, the Nikon
Nikon
D-series of digital SLR cameras, the Coolpix series of compact digital cameras, and the Nikonos series of underwater film cameras. Nikon's main competitors in camera and lens manufacturing include Canon , Sony
Sony
, Fujifilm , Panasonic
Panasonic
, Pentax , and Olympus .

Founded on July 25, 1917 as Nippon Kōgaku Kōgyō Kabushikigaisha (日本光学工業株式会社 " Japan
Japan
Optical Industries Co., Ltd."), the company was renamed to Nikon
Nikon
Corporation, after its cameras, in 1988. Nikon
Nikon
is a member of the Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
group of companies (keiretsu ).

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 Reception outside Japan
Japan
* 1.2 Names and brands * 1.3 The rise of the Nikon F series * 1.4 Digital photography * 1.5 Film camera production * 1.6 Movie camera production * 1.7 Thai operations * 1.8 Cultural activities * 1.9 Sponsorship * 1.10 Nikon- Essilor Co. Ltd.

* 2 Recent development

* 3 Cameras

* 3.1 Film 35 mm SLR cameras with manual focus * 3.2 Film APS SLR cameras * 3.3 Film 35 mm SLR cameras with autofocus * 3.4 Professional Rangefinder cameras * 3.5 Compact cameras * 3.6 Movie cameras * 3.7 Professional Underwater cameras

* 4 Digital cameras

* 4.1 Digital compact cameras

* 4.1.1 Larger sensor compact cameras

* 4.1.1.1 Light-weight fast lens compact cameras

* 4.1.2 Bridge cameras

* 4.2 Mirrorless interchangeable-lens cameras * 4.3 Digital single lens reflex cameras

* 5 Photo optics

* 5.1 Lenses for F-mount cameras * 5.2 Other lenses for photography and imaging

* 6 Electronic flash units * 7 Film scanners

* 8 Sport optics

* 8.1 Binoculars * 8.2 Spotting scopes * 8.3 Rifle scopes

* 9 Nikon
Nikon
Metrology * 10 Other products * 11 Cultural references * 12 Awards and recognition * 13 See also * 14 Notes and references * 15 External links

HISTORY

Nikon
Nikon
Corporation was established on 25 July 1917 when three leading optical manufacturers merged to form a comprehensive, fully integrated optical company known as Nippon Kōgaku Tōkyō K.K. Over the next sixty years, this growing company became a manufacturer of optical lenses (including those for the first Canon cameras) and equipment used in cameras, binoculars, microscopes and inspection equipment. During World War II
World War II
the company operated thirty factories with 2,000 employees, manufacturing binoculars, lenses, bomb sights, and periscopes for the Japanese military.

RECEPTION OUTSIDE JAPAN

After the war Nippon Kōgaku reverted to producing its civilian product range in a single factory. In 1948, the first Nikon-branded camera was released, the Nikon
Nikon
I. Nikon
Nikon
lenses were popularised by the American photojournalist David Douglas Duncan . Duncan was working in Tokyo
Tokyo
when the Korean War
Korean War
began. Duncan had met a young Japanese photographer, Jun Miki , who introduced Duncan to Nikon
Nikon
lenses. From July 1950 to January 1951, Duncan covered the Korean War. Fitting Nikon
Nikon
optics (especially the NIKKOR-P.C 1:2 f=8,5 cm) to his Leica rangefinder cameras produced high contrast negatives with very sharp resolution at the centre field.

NAMES AND BRANDS

NIKKO parent company brand, from which the NIKKOR brand evolved.

Founded in 1917 as Nippon Kōgaku Kōgyō Kabushikigaisha (日本光学工業株式会社 " Japan
Japan
Optical Industries Corporation"), the company was renamed Nikon
Nikon
Corporation, after its cameras, in 1988. The name Nikon, which dates from 1946, sounds like a merging of Nippon Kōgaku (日本光学: " Japan
Japan
Optical") and Zeiss 's brand Ikon. This would cause some early problems in Germany as Zeiss complained that Nikon
Nikon
violated its trademarked camera. From 1963 to 1968 the Nikon F in particular was therefore labeled ' Nikkor
Nikkor
'.

The Nikkor
Nikkor
brand was introduced in 1932, a westernised rendering of an earlier version Nikkō (日光), an abbreviation of the company's original full name ( Nikkō coincidentally means "sunlight" and is the name of a Japanese town .). Nikkor
Nikkor
is the Nikon
Nikon
brand name for its lenses.

Another early brand used on microscopes was Joico, an abbreviation of " Japan
Japan
Optical Industries Co". Expeed is the brand Nikon
Nikon
uses for its image processors since 2007.

THE RISE OF THE NIKON F SERIES

Nikon F FTN Camera
Camera
The 1961 35 mm f/3.5 PC- Nikkor
Nikkor
lens on a Nikon
Nikon
F—the first perspective control lens for a 35 mm camera Nikon F Motor Black Camera
Camera
Nikon F Black Motor Camera
Camera
50mm

The Nikon SP and other 1950s and 1960s rangefinder cameras competed directly with models from Leica and Zeiss. However, the company quickly ceased developing its rangefinder line to focus its efforts on the Nikon F single-lens reflex line of cameras, which was successful upon its introduction in 1959. For nearly 30 years, Nikon's F-series SLRs were the most widely used small-format cameras among professional photographers, as well as by the U.S. space program.

Nikon
Nikon
popularised many features in professional SLR photography, such as the modular camera system with interchangeable lenses, viewfinders, motor drives, and data backs; integrated light metering and lens indexing; electronic strobe flashguns instead of expendable flashbulbs; electronic shutter control; evaluative multi-zone "matrix" metering; and built-in motorized film advance. However, as autofocus SLRs became available from Minolta
Minolta
and others in the mid-1980s, Nikon's line of manual-focus cameras began to seem out of date.

Despite introducing one of the first autofocus models, the slow and bulky F3AF, the company's determination to maintain lens compatibility with its F-mount prevented rapid advances in autofocus technology. Canon introduced a new type of lens-camera interface with its entirely electronic Canon EOS cameras and Canon EF lens mount in 1987. The much faster lens performance permitted by Canon's electronic focusing and aperture control prompted many professional photographers (especially in sports and news) to switch to the Canon system through the 1990s.

DIGITAL PHOTOGRAPHY

Nikon NASA F4 front view with DA-20 action finder, Electronics Box and lenses. Launched September 1991 on board the Space Shuttle Discovery, mission STS-48 .

Nikon
Nikon
created some of the first digital SLRs (DSLRs, Nikon NASA F4 ) for NASA
NASA
, used in the Space Shuttle
Space Shuttle
since 1991. After a 1990s partnership with Kodak
Kodak
to produce digital SLR cameras based on existing Nikon
Nikon
film bodies, Nikon
Nikon
released the Nikon D1 SLR under its own name in 1999. Although it used an APS-C -size light sensor only 2/3 the size of a 35 mm film frame (later called a "DX sensor"), the D1 was among the first digital cameras to have sufficient image quality and a low enough price for some professionals (particularly photojournalists and sports photographers) to use it as a replacement for a film SLR. The company also has a Coolpix line which grew as consumer digital photography became increasingly prevalent through the early 2000s.

Through the mid-2000s, Nikon's line of professional and enthusiast DSLRs and lenses including their back compatible AF-S lens line remained in second place behind Canon in SLR camera
SLR camera
sales, and Canon had several years' lead in producing professional DSLRs with light sensors as large as traditional 35 mm film frames. All Nikon
Nikon
DSLRs from 1999 to 2007, by contrast, used the smaller DX size sensor.

Then, 2005 management changes at Nikon
Nikon
led to new camera designs such as the full-frame Nikon D3 in late 2007, the Nikon D700 a few months later, and mid-range SLRs. Nikon
Nikon
regained much of its reputation among professional and amateur enthusiast photographers as a leading innovator in the field, especially because of the speed, ergonomics, and low-light performance of its latest models. The mid-range Nikon D90 , introduced in 2008, was also the first SLR camera
SLR camera
to record video. Since then video mode has been introduced to many more of the Nikon
Nikon
DSLR cameras including the Nikon D3S , Nikon D7000 , Nikon
Nikon
D5100 , Nikon D3100 , Nikon D3200 and Nikon D5100 . More recently, Nikon
Nikon
has released a photograph and video editing suite called VIEWNX to browse, edit, merge and share images and videos.

FILM CAMERA PRODUCTION

Once Nikon
Nikon
introduced affordable consumer-level DSLRs such as the Nikon D70 in the mid-2000s, sales of its consumer and professional film cameras fell rapidly, following the general trend in the industry. In January 2006, Nikon
Nikon
announced it would stop making most of its film camera models and all of its large format lenses, and focus on digital models. Nevertheless, Nikon
Nikon
is the only major camera manufacturer still making film SLRs. The remaining model is the professional Nikon F6 with the last amateur model, FM10 , having been discontinued.

MOVIE CAMERA PRODUCTION

Although few models were introduced, Nikon
Nikon
made movie cameras as well. The R10 and R8 SUPER ZOOM Super 8 models (introduced in 1973) were the top of the line and last attempt for the amateur movie field. The cameras had a special gate and claw system to improve image steadiness and overcome a major drawback of Super 8 cartridge design. The R10 model has a high speed 10X macro zoom lens.

Contrary to other brands, Nikon
Nikon
never attempted to offer projectors or their accessories.

THAI OPERATIONS

Nikon
Nikon
has shifted much of its manufacturing facilities to Thailand
Thailand
, with some production (especially of Coolpix cameras and some low-end lenses) in China and Indonesia
Indonesia
. The company constructed a factory in Ayuthaya north of Bangkok
Bangkok
in Thailand
Thailand
in 1991. By the year 2000, it had 2,000 employees. Steady growth over the next few years and an increase of floor space from the original 19,400 square meters (208,827 square feet) to 46,200 square meters (497,300 square feet) enabled the factory to produce a wider range of Nikon
Nikon
products. By 2004, it had more than 8,000 workers.

The range of the products produced at Nikon
Nikon
Thailand
Thailand
include plastic molding, optical parts, painting , printing , metal processing, plating , spherical lens process, aspherical lens process, prism process, electrical and electronic mounting process, silent wave motor and autofocus unit production.

As of 2009, all of Nikon's Nikon DX format DSLR cameras and the D600 , a prosumer FX camera, are produced in Thailand, while their professional and semi-professional Nikon FX format (full frame) cameras (D700 , D3 , D3S , D3X , D4 , D800 and the retro-styled Df ) are built in Japan, in the city of Sendai
Sendai
. The Thai facility also produces most of Nikon's digital "DX" zoom lenses, as well as numerous other lenses in the Nikkor
Nikkor
line.

CULTURAL ACTIVITIES

Inside the Nikon Salon

In Japan, Nikon
Nikon
runs the Nikon Salon exhibition spaces, runs the Nikkor
Nikkor
Club for amateur photographers (to whom it distributes the series of Nikon Salon books), and arranges the Ina Nobuo Award , Miki Jun Award and Miki Jun Inspiration Awards .

SPONSORSHIP

As of November 19, 2013, Nikon
Nikon
is the "Official Camera" of Walt Disney World Resort and Disneyland Resort
Disneyland Resort
.

Nikon
Nikon
is the official co-sponsor of Galatasaray SK Football Team .

In 2014 Nikon
Nikon
sponsored the Copa Sadia do Brasil 2014 and the AFC Champions League .

NIKON-ESSILOR CO. LTD.

In 1999, Nikon
Nikon
and Essilor have signed a Memorandum of understanding to form a global strategic alliance in corrective lenses by forming a 50/50 joint venture in Japan
Japan
to be called Nikon- Essilor Co. Ltd.

The main purpose of the joint venture is to further strengthen the corrective lens business of both companies. This will be achieved through the integrated strengths of Nikon's strong brand backed up by advanced optical technology and strong sales network in Japanese market, coupled with the high productivity and worldwide marketing and sales network of Essilor, the world leader in this industry.

Nikon- Essilor Co. Ltd. started its business in January 2000, responsible for research, development, production and sales mainly for ophthalmic optics.

RECENT DEVELOPMENT

The Company developed the first lithography equipment from Japan which is essential for semiconductor manufacturing. Devices from Nikon enjoyed high demand from global chipmakers, including Intel, and Nikon became the world's leading producer of semiconductor lithography systems until the 1990s. In recent years, AMSL, a dutch company, has grabbed over 80 percent of the global market in 2015 by adopting an open innovation method of product development. Nikon
Nikon
saw a sharp drop in its market share from less than 40 percent in early 2000s. The Company has been losing an estimated ¥17 billion a year in its precision instruments unit. Furthermore, revenue from its camera business has dropped 30% in three years prior to fiscal 2015. In 2013, it forecast the first drop in sales from interchangeable lens cameras since Nikon's first digital SLR in 1999. The Company's net profit has fallen from a peak of ¥75.4 billion (fiscal 2007) to ¥18.2 billion for fiscal 2015. Nikon
Nikon
plans to reassign over 1,500 employees resulting in job cuts of 1,000 by 2017 as the Company shifts focus to medical and industrial devices business for growth.

CAMERAS

Wikimedia Commons has media related to NIKON CAMERAS .

In January 2006 Nikon
Nikon
announced the discontinuation of all but two models of its film cameras, focusing its efforts on the digital camera market. It continues to sell the fully manual FM10 , and still offers the high-end fully automatic F6 . Nikon
Nikon
has also committed to service all the film cameras for a period of ten years after production ceases. Nikon
Nikon
F2SB SLR camera
SLR camera
with DP-3 finder and GN Auto Nikkor
Nikkor
1:2,8 f=45mm lens Nikon F3 Giugiaro Camera
Camera
Design Nikon F4 F4s Giugiaro Design Nikon F4 Giugiaro Design Nikon F4 F4s Nikon
Nikon
N2020 Nikon
Nikon
28ti Nikon
Nikon
28ti camera Nikon
Nikon
KeyMission 360

FILM 35 MM SLR CAMERAS WITH MANUAL FOCUS

HIGH-END (PROFESSIONAL - INTENDED FOR PROFESSIONAL USE, HEAVY DUTY AND WEATHER RESISTANCE)

* Nikon F series (1959, known in Germany for legal reasons as the Nikkor
Nikkor
F) * Nikon F2 series (1971) * Nikon F3 series (1980)

MIDRANGE

* Nikkorex series (1960) * Nikkormat F series (1965, known in Japan
Japan
as the Nikomat F series) * Nikon FM (1977) * Nikon FM2 series (1982) * Nikon
Nikon
FM10 (1995) * Nikon FM3A (2001)

MIDRANGE WITH ELECTRONIC FEATURES

* Nikkormat EL series (1972, known in Japan
Japan
as the Nikomat EL series) * Nikon
Nikon
EL2 (1977) * Nikon FE (1978) * Nikon FE2 (1983) * Nikon FA (1983) * Nikon F-601M (1990, known in North America as the N6000) * Nikon FE10 (1996)

ENTRY-LEVEL (CONSUMER)

* Nikon EM (1979) * Nikon FG (1982) * Nikon FG-20 (1984) * Nikon F-301 (1985, known in North America as the N2000)

FILM APS SLR CAMERAS

* Nikon
Nikon
Pronea 600i / Pronea 6i (1996) * Nikon
Nikon
Pronea S (1997)

*

The Nikon
Nikon
Pronea 600i *

The Nikon
Nikon
Pronea S

FILM 35 MM SLR CAMERAS WITH AUTOFOCUS

Nikon
Nikon
AC-2E Data Link System (1993)

HIGH-END (PROFESSIONAL - INTENDED FOR PROFESSIONAL USE, HEAVY DUTY AND WEATHER RESISTANCE)

* Nikon
Nikon
F3AF (1983, modified F3 body with Autofocus
Autofocus
Finder DX-1) * Nikon F4 (1988) - (World's first professional auto-focus SLR camera and world's first professional SLR camera
SLR camera
with a built-in motor drive) * Nikonos RS (1992) (Professional when reviewed in underwater conditions) - (World's first underwater auto-focus SLR camera) * Nikon F5 (1996) * Nikon F6 (2004)

HIGH-END (PROSUMER - INTENDED FOR PRO-CONSUMERS WHO WANT THE MAIN MECHANIC/ELECTRONIC FEATURES OF THE PROFESSIONAL LINE BUT DON\'T NEED THE SAME HEAVY DUTY/WEATHER RESISTANCE)

* Nikon F-501 (1986, known in North America as the N2020) * Nikon F-801 (1988, known in the U.S. as the N8008) * Nikon
Nikon
F-801S (1991, known in the U.S. as the N8008S) * Nikon F90 (1992, known in the U.S. as the N90) * Nikon
Nikon
F90X (1994, known in the U.S. as the N90S) * Nikon F80 (2000, known in the U.S. as the N80) * Nikon F100 (1999)

MID-RANGE (CONSUMER)

* Nikon F-601 (1990, known in the U.S. as the N6006) * Nikon F70 (1994, known in the U.S. as the N70) * Nikon F75 (2003, known in the U.S. as the N75)

ENTRY-LEVEL (CONSUMER)

* Nikon F-401 (1987, known in the U.S. as the N4004) * Nikon
Nikon
F-401S (1989, known in the U.S. as the N4004S) * Nikon
Nikon
F-401X (1991, known in the U.S. as the N5005) * Nikon F50 (1994, known in the U.S. as the N50) * Nikon F60 (1999, known in the U.S. as the N60) * Nikon F65 (2000, known in the U.S. as the N65) * Nikon F55 (2002, known in the U.S. as the N55)

PROFESSIONAL RANGEFINDER CAMERAS

* Nikon
Nikon
I (1948) * Nikon
Nikon
M (1949) * Nikon
Nikon
S (1951) * Nikon
Nikon
S2 (1954) * Nikon SP (1957) * Nikon S3 (1958) * Nikon S4 (1959) (entry-level) * Nikon
Nikon
S3M (1960) * Nikon S3 2000 (2000) * Nikon SP Limited Edition (2005)

COMPACT CAMERAS

Between 1983 and the early 2000s a broad range of compact cameras were made by Nikon. Nikon
Nikon
first started by naming the cameras with a series name (like the L35/L135-series, the RF/RD-series, the W35-series, the EF or the AW-series). In later production cycles, the cameras were double branded with a series-name on the one and a sales name on the other hand. Sales names were for example Zoom-Touch for cameras with a wide zoom range, Lite-Touch for ultra compact models, Fun-Touch for easy to use cameras and Sport-Touch for splash water resistance. After the late 1990s, Nikon
Nikon
dropped the series names and continued only with the sales name. Nikon's APS-cameras were all named Nuvis.

The cameras came in all price ranges from entry-level fixed-lens-cameras to the top model Nikon
Nikon
35Ti and 28Ti with titanium body and 3D-Matrix-Metering.

MOVIE CAMERAS

DOUBLE 8 (8MM)

* NIKKOREX 8 (1960) * NIKKOREX 8F (1963)

SUPER 8

* Nikon
Nikon
Super Zoom 8 (1966) * Nikon
Nikon
8X Super Zoom (1967) * Nikon
Nikon
R8 Super Zoom (1973) * Nikon
Nikon
R10 Super Zoom (1973)

PROFESSIONAL UNDERWATER CAMERAS

Main article: Nikonos

* Nikonos I Calypso (1963, originally known in France as the Calypso/Nikkor) * Nikonos II (1968) * Nikonos III (1975) * Nikonos IV-A (1980) * Nikonos V (1984) * Nikonos RS (1992) (World's first underwater Auto-Focus SLR camera)

DIGITAL CAMERAS

Nikon
Nikon
COOLPIX P7700

Nikon's raw image format is NEF, for Nikon
Nikon
Electronic File. The "DSCN" prefix for image files stands for "Digital Still Camera
Camera
- Nikon."

DIGITAL COMPACT CAMERAS

Main article: Nikon Coolpix series

The Nikon Coolpix series are digital compact cameras produced in many variants: Superzoom , bridge , travel-zoom , miniature compact and waterproof/rugged cameras. The top compact cameras are several "Performance" series indicated by a "P...".

Larger Sensor Compact Cameras

Coolpix series since 2008 listed.

* Nikon Coolpix P6000 , 2008-08-07 (CCD, 14 megapixels, 4x zoom) * Nikon Coolpix P7000 , 2010-09-08 (CCD, 10.1 megapixels, 7x zoom) * Nikon Coolpix P7100 , 2011-08-24 (roughly same specifications as predecessor) * Nikon Coolpix P7700 * Nikon Coolpix A , 2013-03-05 (16MP DX -CMOS sensor) * Nikon Coolpix P7800

Nikon
Nikon
Coolpix P310 digital compact camera

Light-weight fast Lens Compact Cameras

* Nikon
Nikon
Coolpix P300 * Nikon
Nikon
Coolpix P310 * Nikon
Nikon
Coolpix P330 * Nikon
Nikon
Coolpix P340

Bridge Cameras

* Nikon
Nikon
Coolpix L810, Feb, 2012-16 MP, 26x optical zoom, no wi-fi,fixed LCD, ISO 80-1600 * Nikon
Nikon
Coolpix L820, Jan, 2013-16 MP, 30x optical zoom, no wi-fi, fixed LCD, ISO 125-3200 * Nikon
Nikon
Coolpix L830, Jan, 2014-16 MP, 34x optical zoom with 68x Dynamic Fine Zoom, no wi-fi, tilting LCD, ISO 125-1600 (3200 in Auto) * Nikon
Nikon
Coolpix L840 Feb, 2015-16 MP, 38x optical zoom with 76x Dynamic Fine Zoom,Built-in Wi-Fi® and NFC (Near Field Communication),3 inch high-resolution tilting LCD, ISO 125 - 1600

ISO 3200, 6400 (available when using Auto mode)

* Nikon
Nikon
Coolpix P500 , Feb, 2011-12.1 MP , 36x optical zoom, tilt LCD, ISO 160-3200 * Nikon Coolpix P510 , Feb, 2012-16.1 MP, 41.7x optical zoom (24–1000mm), no wi-fi, vari-angle LCD, ISO 100-3200 * Nikon Coolpix P520 , Jan, 2013-18.1 MP, 42x optical zoom, optional wi-fi, vari-angle LCD, ISO 80-3200 * Nikon
Nikon
Coolpix P530 , Feb, 2014-16.1 MP, 42x optical zoom "> Nikon 1 V1 with lenses and flash SB-N5, GPS GP-N100 and microphone ME-1

* Nikon Coolpix P610 * Nikon Coolpix P900

MIRRORLESS INTERCHANGEABLE-LENS CAMERAS

NIKON 1 SERIES - CX SENSOR, NIKON 1 MOUNT LENSES

* Nikon 1 J1 , September 21, 2011, : 10 MP * Nikon 1 V1 , September 21, 2011, : 10 MP * Nikon 1 J2 , August 10, 2012, : 10 MP * Nikon 1 V2 , October 24, 2012, : 14 MP * Nikon 1 J3 , January 8, 2013, : 14 MP * Nikon 1 S1 , January 8, 2013, : 10 MP * Nikon 1 AW1 , : 14 MP * Nikon 1 V3 , : 18 MP, tilt LCD * Nikon 1 J4 , : 18 MP * Nikon 1 J5 , : 20 MP

* v * t * e

Nikon 1 series 1-mount CX-format MILC timeline

Level 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016

3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4

RUGGED

AW1

MID-RANGE V1 V2 V3

UPPER-ENTRY J1 J2 J3 J4 J5

ENTRY-LEVEL

S1 S2

* Water-proof, shock-proof "> Nikon
Nikon
Expeed , a system on a chip used as image processor in all Nikon
Nikon
DSLRs since 2007 and some digital compact cameras. Nikon D3 camera body

DIGITAL SINGLE LENS REFLEX CAMERAS

Nikon D600 body, back view

HIGH-END (PROFESSIONAL - INTENDED FOR PROFESSIONAL USE, HEAVY DUTY AND WEATHER RESISTANCE)

* Nikon D1 , DX sensor, June 15, 1999 - Discontinued * Nikon
Nikon
D1X , DX sensor, February 5, 2001 - Discontinued * Nikon
Nikon
D1H , DX sensor, high speed, February 5, 2001 - Discontinued * Nikon D2H , DX sensor, high speed, July 22, 2003 - Discontinued * Nikon D2X , DX sensor, September 16, 2004 - Discontinued * Nikon
Nikon
D2HS , DX sensor, high speed, February 16, 2005 - Discontinued * Nikon
Nikon
D2XS , DX sensor, June 1, 2006 - Discontinued * Nikon D3 , FX /Full Frame sensor, August 23, 2007 - Discontinued * Nikon D3X , FX /Full Frame sensor, December 1, 2008 - Discontinued * Nikon D3S , FX /Full Frame sensor, October 14, 2009 - Discontinued * Nikon D4 , FX /Full Frame sensor, January 6, 2012 - Discontinued * Nikon D4S , FX /Full Frame sensor, February 25, 2014 - Discontinued * Nikon D5 , FX /Full Frame sensor, January 5, 2016

D700 with AF-S 24-85mm f/3.5-4.5 G

HIGH-END (PROSUMER - INTENDED FOR PRO-CONSUMERS WHO WANT THE MAIN MECHANICAL/WEATHER RESISTANCE AND ELECTRONIC FEATURES OF THE PROFESSIONAL LINE BUT DON\'T NEED THE SAME HEAVY DUTY)

* Nikon D100 , DX sensor, February 21, 2002 - Discontinued * Nikon D200 , DX sensor, November 1, 2005 - Discontinued * Nikon D300 , DX sensor, August 23, 2007 - Discontinued * Nikon D300S , DX sensor, July 30, 2009 - Discontinued * Nikon D700 , FX /Full Frame sensor, July 1, 2008 – Discontinued * Nikon D800 , FX /Full Frame sensor, February 7, 2012 - Discontinued * Nikon D800E , FX /Full Frame sensor, April 2012 - Discontinued * Nikon D600 , FX /Full Frame sensor, September 13, 2012 - Discontinued * Nikon D610 , FX /Full Frame sensor, October 2013 * Nikon Df , FX /Full Frame sensor, November 2013 * Nikon D810 , FX /Full Frame sensor, June 2014 * Nikon D750 , FX /Full Frame sensor, September 11, 2014 * Nikon D810A , FX /Full Frame Sensor, February 2015 * Nikon D500 , DX sensor, January 5, 2016 * Nikon D850 , FX /Full Frame sensor, announced July 25, 2017

Nikon D810

MIDRANGE AND PROFESSIONAL USAGE CAMERAS WITH DX SENSOR

* Nikon D70 , January 28, 2004 - Discontinued * Nikon
Nikon
D70S , April 20, 2005 - Discontinued * Nikon D80 , August 9, 2006 - Discontinued * Nikon D90 , August 27, 2008 - Discontinued * Nikon D7000 , September 15, 2010 - Discontinued * Nikon D7100 , February 21, 2013 * Nikon D7200 , March 2, 2015 * Nikon D7500 , April 12, 2017

UPPER-ENTRY-LEVEL (CONSUMER) - DX SENSOR

Along with the D750 and D500 above, these are the only Nikon
Nikon
DSLR's with the articulated (tilt-and-swivel) display .

* Nikon D5000
Nikon D5000
, April 14, 2009 - Discontinued * Nikon D5100 , April 5, 2011 - Discontinued * Nikon D5200 , November 6, 2012 Discontinued * Nikon D5300 , October 17, 2013 * Nikon D5500 , January 5, 2015 * Nikon D5600 , November 10, 2016

ENTRY-LEVEL (CONSUMER) - DX SENSOR

* Nikon D50 , April 20, 2005 - Discontinued * Nikon D40 , November 16, 2006 - Discontinued * Nikon D40X , March 6, 2007 - Discontinued * Nikon D60 , January 29, 2008 - Discontinued * Nikon D3000 , July 30, 2009 – Discontinued * Nikon D3100 , August 19, 2010 - Discontinued * Nikon D3200 , April 19, 2012 - Discontinued * Nikon D3300 , January 7, 2014 * Nikon D3400 , August 17, 2016

* v * t * e

Nikon
Nikon
DSLR timeline (comparison )

1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017

2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4

PROFESSIONAL D1 D1X D2X D2Xs

D3X

D1H D2H D2Hs D3 D3S D4 D4S D5

HIGH-END

D800 / D800E D810 / D810A

Df

ADVANCED

D700

D750

D100 D200 D300 D300S

D500

MID-RANGE

D600 D610

D70 D70s D80 D90 D7000 D7100 D7200 D7500

UPPER-ENTRY

D50

D40X D60 D5000 D5100 D5200 D5300 D5500 D5600

ENTRY-LEVEL

D40

D3000 D3100 D3200 D3300 D3400

EARLY MODELS

* Nikon
Nikon
SVC (prototype; 1986) * Nikon
Nikon
QV-1000C (1988) * Nikon NASA F4 (1991) * Nikon
Nikon
E2/E2S (1995) * Nikon
Nikon
E2N/E2NS (1996) * Nikon
Nikon
E3/E3S (1998)

* FX format (full-frame) sensor * Without an AF motor (needs LENSES WITH INTEGRATED MOTOR ) * Without E-TYPE LENS support * HD video / Video
Video
AF / Uncompressed / 4k video * Touchscreen
Touchscreen
/ Tilt-Swivel

See also: Nikon
Nikon
1 / F-mount – Teleconverter – CX / DX format – Speedlight Expeed

Nikon
Nikon
AF-S Nikkor
Nikkor
70-200mm F2.8G ED VR II lens and AF-S Nikkor 85mm F1.4G lens with lens hoods

PHOTO OPTICS

LENSES FOR F-MOUNT CAMERAS

The Nikon F-mount is a type of interchangeable lens mount developed by Nikon
Nikon
for its 35 mm Single-lens reflex cameras . The F-mount was first introduced on the Nikon F camera in 1959.

* See Nikon F-mount Nikkor
Nikkor
* Lenses with integrated motors: List of Nikon F-mount lenses with integrated autofocus motors

OTHER LENSES FOR PHOTOGRAPHY AND IMAGING

Main article: Nikkor
Nikkor

* v * t * e

Nikon
Nikon
Nikkor
Nikkor
lenses

BY COVERAGE

F-MOUNT (FX)

AF-S

* 17-35 f/2.8 * 24-70 f/2.8 * 24-120 f/3.5-5.6 * 24-120 f/4 * 35 f/1.8 * 105 f/2.8 Micro

AF

* 35-70 f/3.3-4.5 * 70-300 zooms * 50 f/1.8

MF/AF

* 70-210 zooms * 80-200 zooms

MF

* 28-45 f/4.5 * 13 f/5.6 * PC 24 f/3.5 * 85 f/2

F-MOUNT (DX)

AF-S DX

* 10-24 f/3.5-4.5 * 12-24 f/4 * 16-85 f/3.5-5.6 * 17-55 f/2.8 * 18-55 f/3.5-5.6 * 18-70 f/3.5-4.5 * 18-105 f/3.5-5.6 * 18-140 f/3.5-5.6 * 18-200 f/3.5-5.6 * 18-300 f/3.5-5.6 * 18-300 f/3.5-6.3 * 55-200 f/4-5.6 * 55-300 f/4.5-5.6 * 35 f/1.8 (DX)

AF DX

* 10.5 f/2.8 Fisheye

NIKON 1 (CX)

* 10-100 f/4.5-5.6 PD

MOUNTS

* Nikon 1-mount * Nikon F-mount * Nikon S-mount

RELATED ARTICLES

* List of Nikon F-mount lenses with integrated autofocus motor * Nikon F-mount teleconverter

ELECTRONIC FLASH UNITS

Main article: Speedlight

Nikon
Nikon
uses the term Speedlight for its electronic flashes . Recent models include the SB-R200, SB-300, SB-400, SB-600 , SB-700, SB-800 , SB-900 , SB-910 and R1C1.

FILM SCANNERS

Nikon
Nikon
Coolscan V film scanner

Nikon's digital capture line also includes a successful range of dedicated scanners for a variety of formats, including Advanced Photo System (IX240) , 35 mm , and 60 mm film.

* (1988) LS-3500 (4096x6144, 4000 dpi, 30 bits per pixel) HP-IB (requires a third-party NuBus card; intended for Mac platforms, for which there is a Photoshop plug-in). * (1992) Coolscan LS-10 (2700 dpi) SCSI. First to be named "Coolscan" to denote LED illumination. * (1994) LS-3510AF (4096x6144, 4000 dpi, 30 bits per pixel) Auto-focus SCSI (usually employed on Mac platforms with a Photoshop plug-in; TWAIN is available for PC platforms). * (1995) LS-4500AF (4 x 5 inch and 120/220 formats, 1000x2000 dpi, 35mm format 3000x3000). 12bit A/D. SCSI. Fitted with auto-focus lens. * (1996) Super Coolscan LS-1000 (2592x3888, 2700 dpi) SCSI. scan time cut by half * (1996) Coolscan II LS-20 E (2700 dpi) SCSI * (1998) Coolscan LS-2000 (2700 dpi, 12-bit) SCSI, multiple sample, "CleanImage" software * (1998) Coolscan III LS-30 E (2700 dpi, 10-bit) SCSI * (2001) Coolscan IV LS-40 ED (2900 dpi, 12-bit, 3.6D) USB, SilverFast, ICE, ROC, GEM * (2001) Coolscan LS-4000 ED (4000 dpi, 14-bit, 4.2D) Firewire * (2001) Coolscan LS-8000 ED (4000 dpi, 14-bit, 4.2D) Firewire, multiformat * (2003) Coolscan V LS-50 ED (4000 dpi, 14-bit, 4.2D) USB * (2003) Super Coolscan LS-5000 ED (4000 dpi, 16bit, 4.8D) USB * (2004) Super Coolscan LS-9000 ED (4000 dpi, 16bit, 4.8D) Firewire, multiformat

Nikon
Nikon
introduced its first scanner, the Nikon
Nikon
LS-3500 with a maximum resolution of 4096 x 6144 pixels, in 1988. Prior to the development of 'cool' LED lighting this scanner used a halogen lamp (hence the name 'Coolscan' for the following models). The resolution of the following LED based Coolscan model didn't increase but the price was significantly lower. Colour depth, scan quality, imaging and hardware functionality as well as scanning speed was gradually improved with each following model. The final 'top of the line' 35mm Coolscan LS-5000 ED was a device capable of archiving greater numbers of slides; 50 framed slides or 40 images on film roll. It could scan all these in one batch using special adapters. A single maximum resolution scan was performed in no more than 20 seconds as long as no post-processing was also performed. With the launch of the Coolscan 9000 ED Nikon
Nikon
introduced its most up-to-date film scanner which, like the Minolta
Minolta
Dimage scanners were the only film scanners that, due to a special version of Digital ICE , were able to scan Kodachrome
Kodachrome
film reliably both dust and scratch free. LaserSoft Imaging 's scan software SilverFast features a similar technique (iSRD) since end of 2008, that allows every Nikon
Nikon
film scanner to remove dust and scratches from Kodachrome
Kodachrome
scans. In late 2007 much of the software's code had to be rewritten to make it Mac OS 10.5 compatible. Nikon announced it would discontinue supporting its Nikon
Nikon
Scan software for the Macintosh as well as for Windows Vista 64-bit. Third-party software solutions like SilverFast or Vuescan provide alternatives to the official Nikon
Nikon
drivers and scanning software, and maintain updated drivers for most current operating systems. Between 1994 and 1996 Nikon
Nikon
developed three flatbed scanner models named Scantouch, which couldn't keep up with competitive flatbed products and were hence discontinued to allow Nikon
Nikon
to focus on its dedicated film scanners.

SPORT OPTICS

BINOCULARS

* Sprint IV * Sportstar IV * Travelite V * Travelite VI * Travelite EX * Mikron * Action VII * Action VII Zoom * Aculon * Action EX * Sporter I * Venturer 8/10x32

* Venturer 8x42 * Prostaff 5 * Prostaff 7 * Monarch ATB * Monarch 3 * Monarch 5 * Monarch 7 * StabilEyes * Superior E * Marine * EDG II

SPOTTING SCOPES

* Prostaff 3 16-48x60 * Prostaff 5 60 * Prostaff 5 80 * Spotter XL II WP * Spotting Scope R/A II * Spotting Scope 80 * Fieldscope 60mm * Fieldscope ED78/ EDII * Fieldscope III/EDIII * Fieldscope ED82 * Fieldscope ED50 * Fieldscopes EDG 65 /85 * Fieldscope EDG 85 VR

RIFLE SCOPES

* Monarch 7 * Monarch 3 * Monarch * Laser IRT * Prostaff 5 * Encore * Coyote Special * Slughunter * Inline * Buckmaster * ProStaff II * Prostaff * Team REALTREE

NIKON METROLOGY

Nikon
Nikon
has a Metrology division that produces hardware and software products for 2D border:solid #aaa 1px">

* Companies portal

* Digital single-lens reflex camera * Full-frame digital SLR * History of the single-lens reflex camera * Lenses for SLR and DSLR cameras

* Nikon Instruments * Nikkor
Nikkor
* Nikon F * Nikon Coolpix series * Nikon Museum

* Nikon F-mount * Nikon S-mount * Perspective control lens * Single-lens reflex camera

NOTES AND REFERENCES

* ^ A B C D "Annual Report 2015" (PDF). Nikon
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corporation. Retrieved 2015-10-03. * ^ "Analyst: Top IC suppliers remain largely unchanged 2007". Solid State Technology. Electro IQ. 2008-05-18. Retrieved 2010-02-05. * ^ " Nikon
Nikon
files patent case against ASML, Carl Zeiss over lithography tech". Reuters. 24 Apr 2017. Retrieved 24 April 2017. * ^ " Nikon
Nikon
Group Companies". Nikon
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Corporation. Retrieved 2010-02-05. * ^ " Nikon
Nikon
Company Profile". mitsubishi.com committee. Retrieved 2011-01-27. * ^ " Nikon
Nikon
Camera
Camera
History". Retrieved 2010-02-05. * ^ "David Douglas Duncan". Harry Ransom Center. The University of Texas at Austin. Retrieved 2010-02-05. * ^ In German: Peter Braczko, Nikon
Nikon
Faszination, Geschichte – Technik – Mythos von 1917 bis heute, Hückelhoven 1992, ISBN 3-88984-047-7 , S. 27ff und Tafel 2. * ^ Kouichi Ohsita (2007-09-30). "The Thousand and One Nights, Tale 36 : Nikkor
Nikkor
P.C 8.5 cm f/2". NIKKOR Club Quarterly magazine. Nikon Corporation. Retrieved 2010-02-05. * ^ . Amateur Photographer Magazine (UK). 2009-10-17. p. 61. Missing or empty title= (help ) * ^ "The 75th Anniversary of NIKKOR Lenses". Nikon
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Corporation. 18 March 2008. Retrieved 5 February 2010. * ^ "Corporate History". Nikon
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Corporation. Retrieved 2010-02-05. * ^ " Canon EOS Resources: SLR Cameras - Modern Classic SLR Series". Photography
Photography
in Malaysia. Retrieved 2010-02-05. * ^ " NASA
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F4 Electronic Still Camera". NikonWeb.com. Retrieved 2010-02-05. * ^ Ken Rockwell. " Nikon
Nikon
vs. Canon". Kenrockwell.com. Retrieved 2010-02-05. * ^ "Some Initial Thoughts on The Nikon
Nikon
D700". Luminous Landscape. 2008-07-02. Retrieved 2010-02-05. * ^ " Nikon D90 plus hands-on preview". Digital Photography
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Review. 2008-08-27. Retrieved 2010-02-05. * ^ "Digital SLR Camera
Camera
Nikon
Nikon
D90". Nikon
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Corporation. 2008-08-27. Retrieved 2010-02-05. * ^ " Nikon
Nikon
Products D3S". Nikon
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Canada. * ^ " Nikon
Nikon
Products D7000". Nikon
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Canada. * ^ " Nikon
Nikon
Products D5100". Nikon
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Canada. * ^ " Nikon
Nikon
Products D3100". Nikon
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Canada. * ^ " Nikon
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Products D3200". Nikon
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Canada. * ^ "ViewNX". nikonusa.com. * ^ " Nikon
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Corpation. Retrieved 30 December 2016. * ^ " Nikon
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Strengthens Digital Focus for 2006". Nikon
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And Walt Disney World And Disneyland Resorts Team Up To Capture Magical Photo Moments". Retrieved 30 December 2016. * ^ "NIKON BECOMES THE OFFICIAL SPONSOR OF GALATASARAY FOOTBALL TEAM". Nikon. Retrieved 15 October 2012. * ^ "Galatasaray, Nikon
Nikon
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and Essilor, France agree to establish a joint company". Retrieved 30 December 2016. * ^ "ニコン・エシロール|ホーム". Retrieved 30 December 2016. * ^ A B " Nikon
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drops sales forecast as high-end camera market stalls". Reuters. Nov 7, 2013. Retrieved 2 January 2017. * ^ A B Nitta, Yuichi; Oshikiri, Tomoyoshi (Nov 9, 2016). "Nikon\'s independent streak led to job cuts". Nikkei Asian Review. Retrieved 2 January 2017. * ^ A B C " Nikon
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to cut 1,000 jobs in Japan". Nikkei Asian Review. Nov 8, 2016. Retrieved 2 January 2017. * ^ " Nikon
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to “re-assign” 1,550 employees in Japan, total headcount will be reduced by 1,000 *UPDATED* (Nov 8, 2016)". NikonRumors.com. Retrieved 2 January 2017. * ^ " Nikon
Nikon
to focus on digital cameras". BBC News. 2006-01-12. Retrieved 2010-02-05. * ^ Nikon
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Imaging Products Film SLR Cameras. Imaging.nikon.com. Retrieved on 2013-07-26. * ^ デジタル・フィルム一眼レフカメラ ニコンイメージング. Nikon-image.com. Retrieved on 2013-07-26. * ^ "Reshaping Nikon\'s Film Camera
Camera
Assortment". Nikon
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USA. 2006-01-11. Retrieved 2010-02-05. * ^ " Nikon
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PRONEA 600i (PRONEA 6i)". Nikon
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Corporation. Retrieved 2010-11-08. * ^ " Nikon
Nikon
PRONEA S". Nikon
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Corporation. Retrieved 2010-11-08. * ^ A B Nikon
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Imaging Products Evolution of NIKONOS. Imaging.nikon.com. Retrieved on 2013-07-26. * ^ "A Short History of Nippon Kogaku Japan". Nikon
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M Unsynced". 26 November 2003. Retrieved 2010-02-05. * ^ " Nikon
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S". 26 November 2003. Retrieved 2010-02-05. * ^ Karen Nakamura (26 November 2003). "Classic Cameras - Nikon S2". Retrieved 2010-02-05. * ^ " Nikon
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* ^ " Nippon Kogaku Nikon S3 Camera". 17 June 2001. Retrieved 2010-02-05. * ^ " Nikon S4 Rangefinder". 26 November 2003. Retrieved 2010-02-05.

* ^ " Nikon
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S3M". 26 November 2003. Retrieved 2010-02-05. * ^ " Nikon S3 2000 Rangefinder". 5 April 2009. Retrieved 2010-02-05. * ^ " Nikon
Nikon
Rangefinder SP Black 2005". 5 April 2009. Retrieved 2010-02-05. * ^ " Nikon
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Compact cameras, by Nikon". Imaging.nikon.com. Retrieved 2010-09-09. * ^ Nikonos underwater camera models. Mir.com.my. Retrieved on 2013-07-26. * ^ " Nikon
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announces Nikon
Nikon
1 system with V1 small sensor mirrorless camera". Retrieved 30 December 2016. * ^ Nikon
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announces 1 V2 - a more photographer-friendly, 14MP 1 series camera Dpreview * ^ "Digital SLR camera
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* ^ " Nikon
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Digital Archives on Camera
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Digital Archives on Camera
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Products COOLSCAN III (LS-30)". Imaging.nikon.com. Retrieved 2010-11-09. * ^ " Nikon
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Digital Archives on Camera
Camera
Products COOLSCAN IV ED (LS-40 ED)". Imaging.nikon.com. Retrieved 2010-11-09. * ^ " Nikon
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Digital Archives on Camera
Camera
Products SUPER COOLSCAN 4000 ED (LS-4000 ED)". Imaging.nikon.com. Retrieved 2010-11-09. * ^ " Nikon
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Digital Archives on Camera
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EXTERNAL LINKS

Look up NIKON CHOIR in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to NIKON .

* Official website * Nikon
Nikon
100th Anniversary - Anniversary Site

.