NIKOLAUS VON FALKENHORST (17 January 1885 – 18 June 1968) was a
German general and a war criminal during
World War II
After the war, Falkenhorst was tried by a joint British-Norwegian military tribunal for war crimes. He was convicted and sentenced to death in 1946. The sentence was later commuted to twenty years' imprisonment. Falkenhorst was released in 1953 and died in 1968.
* 1 Career * 2 War crimes * 3 Awards * 4 References
Falkenhorst was born in
On 20 February 1940, Hitler informed Falkenhorst that he would be ground commander for the invasion of Norway ( Operation Weserübung ), and gave him until 5 p.m. the same day to come up with a basic plan. With no time to consult military charts or maps, Falkenhorst picked up a Baedeker tourist guidebook of Norway at a stationery store on his way to his hotel room, where he planned the operation from maps he found in it. Hitler approved his plan.
The invasion was a success, aside from heavy losses inflicted upon
In December 1942, Falkenhorst made a plan for the invasion of Sweden if necessary (Operation Polarfuchs; "Arctic Fox") which required 10 German divisions. Falkenhorst thought it would succeed in 10 days. Falkenhorst was dismissed from his command on 18 December 1944 and transferred to the Führerreserve . He did not receive a further assignment.
After the war, Falkenhorst was tried by a joint British-Norwegian military tribunal for violating the rules of war. He had passed on the Führerbefehl known as the " Commando Order " which required captured commandos to be shot as spies, and several were. He was convicted and sentenced to death in 1946. The sentence was later commuted to twenty years' imprisonment, after a successful appeal by Sven Hedin .
Falkenhorst was released from
Werl prison on 23 July 1953, due to bad
health. In 1968, following a heart attack , he died at
* Knight\'s Cross of the Iron Cross (30 April 1940)
* Knight of Justice of the Order of Saint John (Bailiwick of Brandenburg)
* ^ Kersaudy, Francois , Norway 1940, pp. 45–47 * ^ Pierrejean, Claudine and Daniel, Les secrets de l'affaire Raoul Wallenberg ("The Secrets of the Raoul Wallenberg Affair"), L'Harmattan. * ^ Milestones, Time Magazine, 5 July 1968. * ^ "Cross of the Royal Prussian Order of St.John". Antique Photos. Retrieved 24 April 2014.
* Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000) . Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 — Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtteile (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6 .
None COMMANDER OF 32. INFANTERIE-DIVISION
1 October 1936 – 19 July 1939 Succeeded by
Preceded by None COMMANDER OF 21. ARMEE 19 December 1940 – 18 December 1944 Succeeded by General der Infanterie Kurt von Tippelskirch
* v * t * e
German Colonel Generals and General Admirals of
* Wilhelm Adam
Hans-Jürgen von Arnim