Nikolai Platonovich Patrushev (Russian: Никола́й
Плато́нович Па́трушев) (born 11 July 1951) is a
Russian politician and security and intelligence officer. He served as
Director of the Russian
Federal Security Service
Federal Security Service (FSB), which is the
main successor organization to the Soviet
KGB (excluding foreign
intelligence), from 1999 to 2008, and he has been Secretary of the
Security Council of Russia
Security Council of Russia since 2008.
1 Early life and career in the Soviet KGB
2 FSK and FSB career
3 Security Council of Russia
4 Political views
5 Honours and awards
8 External links
Early life and career in the Soviet KGB
Born in 1951 in Leningrad (today Saint Petersburg), Patrushev is the
son of a
Soviet Navy officer who was also a member of the Communist
Party of the Soviet Union. He graduated from Leningrad Shipbuilding
Institute in 1974, and initially he worked as an engineer in the
Institute's shipbuilding design bureau, but very soon afterwards, in
1975, he was recruited by the KGB.
He attended intelligence and security courses at the
KGB School in
Minsk, and later at the Higher School of the
present-day FSB Academy). Subsequently, he was a
officer in the city of Leningrad, and eventually rose to become head
of the anti-smuggling and anti-corruption unit of the local KGB.
FSK and FSB career
After the collapse of the
Soviet Union Patrushev continued to work in
the security services and from 1992 to 1994 he was Minister of
Security of the
Republic of Karelia
Republic of Karelia while in 1994 he was brought to
Moscow as head of the Directorate of Internal Security of the FSK.
In June 1995, Patrushev became deputy chief of the FSB's Organization
and Inspection Department. In May – August 1998 he was chief of the
Control Directorate of the Presidential Staff; in August – October
he was Deputy Chief of the Presidential Staff; in October 1998 he was
appointed Deputy Director of the FSB and chief of the Directorate for
Economic Security. In April 1999, he became FSB First Deputy Director.
On 9 August the same year a decree by President
Boris Yeltsin promoted
him to Director, replacing his close friend Vladimir Putin.
The United Kingdom public inquiry into the 2006 poisoning of FSB
Alexander Litvinenko found that "the FSB operation to
kill Mr Litvinenko was probably approved by Mr Patrushev and also by
Security Council of Russia
Since 2008, Patrushev has been Secretary of the Security Council of
Russia, a consultative body of the President that works out his
decisions on national security affairs.
After the annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation Patrushev was
placed on the European Union's list of sanctioned individuals in
In April 2018, the
United States imposed sanctions on him and 23 other
Patrushev said on the anniversary of the founding of the Bolshevik
secret police, the Cheka, that his FSB colleagues did not "work for
the money... They are, if you like, our new 'nobility'."
Patrushev believes that the
United States of America "would much
Russia did not exist at all. He was quoted as saying.
"Because we possess great [natural] resources. The Americans believe
that we control them illegally and undeservedly because, in their
view, we do not use them as they ought to be used."
Patrushev also referenced "Madeleine Albright’s claim 'that neither
the Far East nor Siberia belong to Russia.'" According to the New York
Times, there is no official record of Albright having made such a
remark. Instead, it can be traced back to a psychic employed by the
FSB who claimed to have read the thoughts in Albright's mind while in
a state of trance.
According to Patrushev, the
2014 Ukrainian revolution
2014 Ukrainian revolution was started by
the United States.
Honours and awards
Order of St Dmitri Donskoy, the Blessed Great Prince of Moscow, 1st
Class (Russian Orthodox Church, 2005) – The saint allegedly wards
off "all kinds of threats for the sake of multiplying the faith and
piety of the people, strengthening families and protecting from bodily
extinction and spiritual death."
In January 2007, Patrushev joined the expedition of polar explorer
Arthur Chilingarov, that flew on two helicopters to
South Pole and Amundsen-Scott station.
^ a b BackGround, People: PATRUSHEV, Nikolai Platonovich, Russia
Profile, Moscow, Undated Archived 7 March 2013 at the Wayback
Machine..Retrieved: 8 January 2013.
^ a b
Russia trolls world by saying it cannot stop its citizens from
fighting in Ukraine,
Kyiv Post (25 June 2015)
^ a b http://www.warheroes.ru/hero/hero.asp?Hero_id=8866
^ BackGround, People: PATRUSHEV, Nikolai Platonovich,
Moscow, Undated Archived 7 March 2013 at the Wayback
Machine..Retrieved: 8 January 2013.
^ The Litvinenko Inquiry. Report into the death of Alexander
Litvinenko, January 2016, p. 241-244.
^ "COUNCIL IMPLEMENTING REGULATION (EU) No 810/2014 of 25 July 2014
implementing Regulation (EU) No 269/2014 concerning restrictive
measures in respect of actions undermining or threatening the
territorial integrity, sovereignty and independence of Ukraine".
eur-lex.europa.eu. 2014-07-25. Retrieved 2016-08-29.
^ "Ukraine-/Russia-related Designations and Identification Update".
United States Department of the Treasury. 2018-04-06. Retrieved
^ "США ввели санкции против семи
российских олигархов и 17 чиновников
из «кремлевского списка»" [The US imposed
sanctions against seven Russian oligarchs and 17 officials from the
Meduza (in Russian). 2018-04-06. Retrieved
^ Russia's New Nobility – The Rise of the Security Services in
Putin's Kremlin, Andrei Soldatov and Irina Borogan (of Agentura.ru),
Foreign Affairs, September/October 2010 and in the authors' The New
Nobility – The Restoration of Russia's Security State and the
Enduring Legacy of the KGB, Public Affairs, New York, September
2010.Retrieved: 8 March 2013.
^ a b c Patrushev, Nikolai; Kommersant, Elena Chernenko for.
"Terrorism, Ukraine and the American threat: the view from Russia".
the Guardian. Retrieved 2015-07-17.
^ Mackey, Robert (2014-12-18). "Putin Cites Claim About U.S. Designs
on Siberia Traced to Russian Mind Readers". The New York Times.
ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2015-07-17.
^ Moscow, Oleg Kashin in. "How hallucinations of eccentric
influence Russian policy". the Guardian. Retrieved 2015-07-17.
^ Dmitri Donskoy, the Blessed Great Prince of Moscow, Icons of the
21st Century, Moscow, Undated. Retrieved: 8 March 2013.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nikolai Patrushev.
FSB biography (in Russian)
Security Council Biography (in Russian)
Patrushev Biography in English
Head of the Internal Security Department of FSB
1994 – 31 May 1998
Chief of the Control Directorate of the Russian presidential
31 May 1998 – October 1998
Director of FSB
9 August 1999 – 12 May 2008
Secretary of Security Council of Russia
12 May 2008–present