Nikolaus “Nik” Welter (2 January 1871,
Mersch – 13 July 1951,
Luxembourg City) was a Luxembourgish writer, playwright, poet,
professor, literary critic (Germanic and Romance languages), and
statesman. He wrote predominantly in German. He also served as a
Minister for Education in the government of Émile Reuter.
After his university studies in Leuven, Paris,
Bonn and Berlin, he
became a teacher in
Diekirch (1897-1906) and later at the Athénée de
Luxembourg City (1906-1918).
Welter mainly wrote plays and poetry. His work Griselinde (1901)
inspired the Luxembourgish composer Alfred Kowalsky to write the opera
of the same name. Other well-known works are Die Söhne des Öslings,
Goethes Husar, Der Abtrünnige, Professor Forster and Lene Frank.
From early on,
Nik Welter was involved with the Félibrige, a poets'
movement in the Provence, and was in contact with the members of the
Felibertum félibrige: Frédéric Mistral, Joseph Roumanille and
Théodore Aubanel. He was often at Mistral's house in
Bouches-du-Rhône and was taken up into the circle of the Féliber. In
the same way, he also met German Romanists such as Eduard Koschwitz
and August Bertuch. Along with the two German Romanists, he campaigned
Frédéric Mistral to be awarded the 1904 Nobel
Prrize for Literature.
Nik Welter recorded his travels in the Provence and in Tunisia in the
book Hohe Sonnentage. In his book Im Werden und Wachsen, he wrote
about his childhood in Mersch. He was the author of the first
Luxembourgish schoolbook Das Luxemburgische und sein Schrifttum.
4.1 as an author
4.2 as editor
5 External links
Welter studied at the Universities of
Bonn and Berlin
. He then went to the teaching profession and was teacher in Diekirch
and later at the Athénée de
Luxembourg . During the reign Émile
Reuters (Reuter government) Welter was 1918-1921 Minister of
Education. He belonged to no party. As author Welter wrote plays and
poetry, as well as commissioned works such as 1909's "history of
French literature" on behalf of the
University of Marburg
University of Marburg .
Welter wrote almost exclusively in the German language. His drama
"Griselinde" (1901) served the
Luxembourg composer Alfred Kowalsky as
libretto for his opera of the same name. Around the turn of the
century was Welters interest along with themes from the Luxembourg
mythology and history, especially of the School of Félibrige
reinvigorated literature in the minority in France "langue d'oc", the
Provencal . He corresponded with famous German Romanist as Eduard
Koschwitz and August Bertuch and traveled twice to
Bouches-du-Rhône ) to
Frédéric Mistral (Mistral Frederi), the "chef
de file" of this movement. As one of the German Romanists, he was not
indifferent to the efforts that the award of the 1904 Nobel Literature
Prize led to Mistral. In reported Welter in his travelogue "Hohesonne
days. A holiday book from Provence and Tunisia "(1912).
1937: Joseph-von-Görres Prize
1951: Grand Officer of the Order of the Oak Crown
as an author
In service. Memories of confused time . St. Paul's print shop,
In the development and growth. Adventures of a boy . 4th ed
Luxembourg 1962 (former title. In Will and waking from a
Friendship and conduct. Memories . St. Paul's print shop, Luxembourg
Breakfast lights. Poems . AVG, Munich 1903rd
From old days. Poems .
In dust and gluten. New Poems . 2nd ed. Publisher for literature, art
and music, Leipzig 1909th
Blast furnace. A book Psalms . Publisher Schroell,
About the fighting. Time Poems of neutrals . 6th ed. Worré-Mertens,
In the evening sun. Duet . Hansen VG, Saarlouis in 1935 (previous
title: Marie Summer A book of songs. ).
The poets of the
Luxembourg dialect. Literary conversations . 2nd ed.
High solar days. A holiday book from Provence and Tunisia . Kösel
Verlag, Munich 1909th
Jouse Roumanille. Lives and works .
Diekirch 1898/99  .
Frederi Mistral. The poet of Provence . Elwert Verlag, Marburg / Lahn
Theodore Aubanel. A Provencal singer of beauty . Elwert Verlag,
Marburg / Lahn in 1902  .
History of French literature . 3rd ed. Publisher Kösel & Pustet,
Luxembourg and his writings . Neuaufl. Soupert,
Dialect and High German seal in Luxembourg. A contribution to the
intellectual and cultural history of the Grand Duchy . St. Paul's
Siegfried and Melusina. Dramatized Volkssagein three divisions .
The sons of the Oesling. A farmer drama from the time of the French
Revolution in five acts . 4th ed. St. Paul's print shop, Luxembourg
The apostate. A comedy of fidelity . 2nd ed. Soupert, Luxembourg
Prof. Forster. A tragedy in five acts . Literature Institute Austria,
Eagle Aufflug. Drama . 1905  .
Lene Frank. A teachers Drama (Lëtzeburer Library; Vol. 3). CELL,
Luxembourg 1990 (Nachdr. D. Ed. Vienna 1906).
Mansfeld. A Game of Fate in four acts . Publisher Schroell, Diekirch
The worm. A Überrumpelungsspiel .
Dante's emperor. Historical character in five acts . Müller Verlag,
Griselinde. A drama in three acts and four pictures . Linden &
Luxembourg 1918 (music by Alfred Kowalsky ).
Grandmama. The tragedy of a soul; Drama in one act .
The bride or the maid of Grevenmacher. Drama .
Goethe Husar. From his "Poetry and Truth" in three acts . Linden &
Collected Works . Westermann Verlag, Braunschweig 1925/26 (5 volumes).
Franz Bergg (1866-1913). A proletarian life . New Frankfurter Verlag,
Frankfurt / M. 1913th
Michel Rodange: The Grow Sigfrid scorching Goldkuommer. Komëdesteck a
five acts . Linden & Hansen,
Luxembourg 1929 (in addition to a
liter arge prehistoric introduction by the editor).
Nik Welter (in German)]
ISNI: 0000 0000 8142 2336
BNF: cb13001018w (data)
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