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NIELS RYBERG FINSEN (15 December 1860 – 24 September 1904) was a Faroese -Danish physician and scientist of Icelandic descent. He was awarded the Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
in Medicine and Physiology in 1903 "in recognition of his contribution to the treatment of diseases, especially lupus vulgaris , with concentrated light radiation , whereby he has opened a new avenue for medical science."

CONTENTS

* 1 Biography

* 1.1 Studies in medicine * 1.2 Personal life

* 2 Memorials * 3 References * 4 External links

BIOGRAPHY

Niels Finsen was born in Tórshavn
Tórshavn
, Faroe Islands
Faroe Islands
, as the second-oldest of four children. His parents were Hannes Finsen (da), who belonged to an Icelandic family with traditions reaching back to the 10th century, and Johanne Fröman, who was born and raised in Iceland.

The family moved to Tórshavn
Tórshavn
from Iceland
Iceland
in 1858 when his father was given the position of Landfoged . When Niels was four years old his mother died, and his father married her cousin Birgitte Kirstine Formann, with whom he had six children. In 1871 his father was made Amtmand of the Faroe Islands
Faroe Islands
.

Finsen got his early education in Tórshavn
Tórshavn
, but in 1874 was sent to the Danish boarding school Herlufsholm , where his older brother Olaf was also a student. Unlike Olaf, Niels had a difficult stay at Herlufsholm, culminating with a statement from the principal which claimed Niels was "a boy of good heart but low skills and energy". As a consequence of his low grades, he was enrolled in his father's old school, Lærði skólinn , in Reykjavík
Reykjavík
in 1876. While studying there, his grades improved greatly.

STUDIES IN MEDICINE

In 1882, Finsen moved to Copenhagen
Copenhagen
to study medicine at the University of Copenhagen
Copenhagen
, from which he graduated in 1890. Following graduation, he became a prosector of anatomy at the university. After three years, he quit the post to devote himself fully to his scientific studies. In 1898 Finsen was given a professorship and in 1899 he became a Knight of the Order of Dannebrog .

The Finsen Institute (da) was founded in 1896, with Finsen serving as its first director. It was later merged into Copenhagen
Copenhagen
University Hospital and currently serves as a cancer research laboratory that specializes in proteolysis .

Finsen suffered from Niemann–Pick disease , which inspired him to sunbathe and investigate the effects of light on living things. As a result, Finsen is best known for his theory of phototherapy , in which certain wavelengths of light can have beneficial medical effects.. His most notable writings were Finsen Om Lysets Indvirkninger paa Huden ("On the effects of light on the skin"), published in 1893 and Om Anvendelse i Medicinen af koncentrerede kemiske Lysstraaler ("The use of concentrated chemical light rays in medicine"), published in 1896. The papers were rapidly translated and published in both German and French. In his late work he researched the effects of sodium chloride , observing the results of a low sodium diet, which he published in 1904 as En Ophobning af Salt i Organismen ("An accumulation of salt in the organism").

Finsen won the Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
in Physiology in 1903 for his work on phototherapy. He was the first Scandinavian to win the prize and is the only Faroese Nobel Laureate to date.

PERSONAL LIFE

Finsen married Ingeborg Balslev (1868–1963) on December 29, 1892.

Finsen's health began to fail in the mid-1880s. He had symptoms of heart trouble and suffered from ascites and general weakness. The sickness disabled his body but not his mind, and he continued to work from his wheelchair. He died in Copenhagen
Copenhagen
on September 24, 1904. Accounts of his funeral can be found at the National Library of Medicine.

MEMORIALS

The Finsen Laboratory at Copenhagen
Copenhagen
University Hospital is named in his honor. Finsensvej in Frederiksberg
Frederiksberg
is also named in his honor and so way the Finsen Power Station, which was located on its north side.

A large memorial to Finsen designed by Rudolph Tegner was installed next to Rigshospitalet
Rigshospitalet
in Copenhagen
Copenhagen
in 1909. It shows a standing naked man flanked by two kneeling naked women reaching up to the sky. The sculpture is entitled Mod lyset (Towards the Light), and symbolised Finsen's principal scientific theory that sunlight can have healing properties. It is situated on the corner of Blegdamsvej and Nørre Allé .

In Tórshavn
Tórshavn
there is also a memorial to Finsen and one of the city's main streets, Niels Finsens gøta , bears his name.

REFERENCES

* ^ "The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
1903". Nobelprize.org. Nobel Media AB. 2014. Archived from the original on 2016-10-22. * ^ A B C " Niels Ryberg Finsen
Niels Ryberg Finsen
- Biographical". Nobelprize.org. Nobel Media AB. 2014. Retrieved 2016-11-04. * ^ "Landfoged". Den Store Danske (in Danish). 2012. Retrieved 2015-11-05. * ^ Nielsen, Louis (2002). "Niels Ryberg Finsen: Danmarks første Nobelpristager" . Rostras Forlag (in Danish). Retrieved 2015-11-08. * ^ Grzybowski, Andrzej; Pietrzak, Krzysztof (2012). "From patient to discoverer- Niels Ryberg Finsen
Niels Ryberg Finsen
(1860-1904)-the founder of phototherapy in dermatology" (PDF). Clinics in Dermatology. 30 (4): 451–455. PMID 22855977 . doi :10.1016/j.clindermatol.2011.11.019 . * ^ "Memoir of Funeral of Niels Ryberg Finsen, and Clippings 1904". National Library of Medicine. * ^ "Mod Lyset" . Copenhagen
Copenhagen
Municipality (in Danish). Retrieved 2013-09-17.

EXTERNAL LINKS

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