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The Niederschlesischer Oberlausitzkreis (German for ''district of Lower Silesian Upper Lusatia'') was the easternmost ''Kreis'' (district) of the Free State of Saxony and Germany. Neighboring districts were (from south clockwise) Löbau-Zittau, Bautzen, Kamenz and the district Spree-Neiße in Brandenburg. The urban district Görlitz was in the east, at the border to Poland.


History


The territory of this district was not part of Saxony before World War II; rather, it, along with the city of Görlitz, was a part of German Silesia. When most of Silesia was assigned to Poland after the war, the tiny rump of the Silesian province was integrated into Saxony. The current district was formed in 1994 by merging the previous districts Niesky and Weißwasser, and most part of the former district Görlitz. In August 2008, it became a part of the new district of Görlitz.


Geography


The main river in the district is the Neisse, which also forms the boundary to Poland. The terrain is mostly hilly, with broad valleys. In the past many swamps covered the area, which is now heath areas and many ponds.


Partnerships


*Neustadt an der Waldnaab *Schwandorf *Zarski (Poland) *Semily (Czech Republic)


Coat of arms




Towns and municipalities



External links


Official website
(German) {{Authority control Category:Görlitz (district) Category:History of Silesia