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Nicolas Winding Refn
Nicolas Winding Refn
(Danish: [neɡolas vendeŋ ˈʁɛfn̩]; born 29 September 1970) is a Danish film director, screenwriter and producer. He is known for directing the crime dramas Bleeder (1999) and the Pusher films (1996–2005), the fictionalised biographical film Bronson (2008), the dramatic adventure film Valhalla Rising (2009), the neo-noir crime film Drive (2011), the thriller Only God Forgives (2013), and the psychological horror film The Neon Demon (2016).[1] In 2008, Refn co-founded the Copenhagen-based production company Space Rocket Nation.[2]

Contents

1 Early life 2 Career

2.1 1996–2005: Early career and the Pusher trilogy 2.2 2005–2011: Critical acclaim 2.3 2011–2016: Hollywood breakthrough 2.4 Adverts and short films 2.5 Future projects 2.6 Unrealized projects

3 Directing style 4 Personal life 5 Filmography

5.1 Film 5.2 Television 5.3 Music videos

6 References 7 External links

Early life[edit] Refn was born in Copenhagen, Denmark, and raised partly in New York, United States.[3] His parents are Danish film director and editor Anders Refn and cinematographer Vibeke Winding.[4] His half-brother is Danish singer Kasper Winding.[5] Refn has cited viewing The Texas Chain Saw Massacre
The Texas Chain Saw Massacre
(1974) as inspiration for his filmmaking career:

I grew up in a cinema family. My parents were brought up on the French New Wave. That was God to them, but to me it was the antichrist, and how better to rebel against your parents than by watching something your mother is going to hate, which were American horror movies. When I saw Texas Chain Saw Massacre, I realized: I don't want to be a director, I don't want to be a writer, I don't want to be a producer, I don't want to be a photographer, I don't want to be an editor, I don't want to be a sound man. I want to be all of them at once. And that film proved that you can do it because that movie is not a normal movie.[6]

He attended the American Academy of Dramatic Arts
American Academy of Dramatic Arts
but was expelled for throwing a table into a wall.[7] Career[edit] 1996–2005: Early career and the Pusher trilogy[edit] Refn made his directorial debut with the Danish crime drama film Pusher (1996).[8] The original film garnered a Best Supporting Actor Award for Zlatko Burić at the 1997 Bodil Awards. In 1999, Refn directed the crime-drama-thriller Bleeder (1999), which featured much of the same cast from the Pusher Trilogy, including actors such as Kim Bodnia and Mads Mikkelsen. Refn won the FIPRESCI prize for the film at the 2000 Sarajevo Film Festival, and the film also won Best Lighting at the Robert Festival, and was nominated for Best Film and Best Supporting Actress at the 2000 Bodil Awards, as well as for the Grand Prix Asturias for Best Feature at the 1999 Gijon International Film Festival.[citation needed] In 2003, Refn directed and wrote his first English-language film, Fear X, which starred John Turturro
John Turturro
and was shot in Canada. Although being a financial disappointment, the Danish-Canadian production won an International Fantasy Film Award for Best Screenplay at the 2004 Fantasporto
Fantasporto
Film Festival, and was nominated for best actor awards (for Turturro) at the Bodil Awards and the Fangoria
Fangoria
Awards, and best film awards at festivals including Sitges Film Festival
Sitges Film Festival
and the Sochi International Film Festival. Refn later made two sequels to Pusher, Pusher II
Pusher II
(2004) (a.k.a. Pusher II: With Blood on My Hands) and Pusher 3
Pusher 3
(2005) (a.k.a. Pusher III: I'm The Angel of Death). For Pusher II, lead actor Mads Mikkelsen
Mads Mikkelsen
won a Best Actor
Actor
award at the 2005 Bodil Awards,[9] Best Actor
Actor
at the 2005 Robert Festival[10] (where the film was also nominated for Best Director, Best Screenplay and Best Film, among other nominations) and Best Actor
Actor
at the 2005 Zulu Awards. The film was remade into a British version in 2012, Pusher, directed by Luis Prieto and executive produced by Refn himself.[8] 2005–2011: Critical acclaim[edit] In 2008, Refn returned to the European art house film circuit after his unsuccessful Hollywood venture Fear X
Fear X
(his first Hollywood success would be Drive), and directed and wrote Bronson (2008), which starred Tom Hardy
Tom Hardy
as the title character, the infamous real-life U.K. prisoner Charles Bronson. The film won Best Film at the 2009 Sydney Film Festival, and was also nominated for the Grand Jury Prize (World Cinema — Dramatic) at the 2009 Sundance Film Festival. Hardy also won a Best Actor
Actor
award at the 2009 British Independent Film Awards for his portrayal of Charles Bronson (and the film was also nominated for a Best Achievement in Production award as well). Hardy was also nominated for Best Actor
Actor
from the Evening Standard British Film Awards and the London Critics Circle Film Awards. In 2009, Refn teamed up again with frequent collaborator Mads Mikkelsen to write and direct Valhalla Rising, a surrealistic period piece about the Viking era. The film won an International Fantasy Film Special
Special
Jury Award and Special
Special
Mention at the 2010 Fantasporto Festival, and won the Titra Film Award for Refn at the 2010 Neuchatel International Fantastic Film Festival. The film also won a Best Make-Up award at the 2011 Robert Festival. 2011–2016: Hollywood breakthrough[edit]

Refn promoting Drive at the Deauville American Film Festival
Deauville American Film Festival
in September 2011.

In 2011, Refn directed the American neo-noir crime drama Drive (2011). It premiered in competition at the 2011 Cannes Film Festival, where he received the Best Director Award.[11] The film earned Refn a BAFTA
BAFTA
nomination for directing. The film was also nominated for an Academy Award
Academy Award
in 2012 for "Best Sound Editing," for an Excellence in Production Design Award from the Art Directors Guild, won Best Director, Best Screenplay (for Hossein Amini) and Best Supporting Actor
Actor
(for Albert Brooks) at the Austin Film Critics Awards, won Boston Society of Film Critics Awards for Best Supporting Actor
Actor
(Albert Brooks) and Best Use of Music in a Film (by Cliff Martinez), the Critics Choice Award at the Broadcast Film Critics Association Awards for Best Action Movie, Best Director, Best Picture and Breakthrough Film Artist at the Central Ohio Film Critics Association, Best Original Score (Cliff Martinez) and Best Supporting Actor
Actor
(Albert Brooks) at the Chicago Film Critics Association Awards, Best Supporting Actor
Actor
(Albert Brooks) at the Florida Film Critics Circle Awards, Best Foreign Film at the Fotogramas de Plata, Best Director from the Las Vegas Film Critics Society, a Top Films Award from the National Board of Review, Best Supporting Actor
Actor
(Albert Brooks) at the National Society of Film Critics Awards, the San Francisco Film Critics Circle Awards and the New York Film Critics Circle Awards, Best Director at the San Diego Film Critics Society Awards.[12] The Bangkok-set crime thriller Only God Forgives, starring Ryan Gosling and Kristin Scott Thomas, premiered in competition at the 2013 Cannes Film Festival.[13] The film was awarded the Sydney Film Prize at the 2013 Sydney Film Festival.[14] Liv Corfixen, Refn's wife, directed the documentary My Life Directed by Nicolas Winding Refn
Nicolas Winding Refn
centered on the life and work of Refn.[15] The documentary film premiered on July 17, 2014 in Denmark.[16]

Refn at the 2013 Cannes Film Festival

In September 2011, Refn stated his next film after Only God Forgives will be I Walk with the Dead, with Drive co-star Carey Mulligan
Carey Mulligan
slated to play the lead.[17] According to Refn, it will be a horror-movie sex thriller that may be set in Tokyo or Los Angeles.[18] In 2013, Refn confirmed I Walk with the Dead as his next project.[19] In October 2013 playwright Polly Stenham
Polly Stenham
was confirmed to write the screenplay with Refn. They stated that the film will have an all female cast. Refn admitted that he asked Stenham to write the screenplay to tackle his own perceived inability to write female characters.[20] On November 3, 2014, his production company Space Rocket Nation alongside its co-producers Gaumont Film Company
Gaumont Film Company
and Wild Bunch announced that Refn's next film would be titled The Neon Demon, rather than I Walk With The Dead. The Neon Demon
The Neon Demon
would be filmed in Los Angeles (California, US) in early 2015.[21] The film stars Elle Fanning, Karl Glusman, Keanu Reeves, Christina Hendricks, Abbey Lee, Jena Malone
Jena Malone
and Bella Heathcote.[22] On April 14, 2016, it was announced that the film would be competing for the Palme d'Or
Palme d'Or
at the 2016 Cannes Film Festival,[23] marking it as the third consecutive film Refn directed which was competing for the Palme d'Or. Adverts and short films[edit] He directed an extended Gucci commercial featuring Blake Lively
Blake Lively
and himself in a brief cameo,[24] which premiered at the 2012 Venice Film Festival. The short film is entitled Gucci Premiere. He also directed the music video for his frequent collaborator Peter Peter's band Bleeder, which featured his wife Liv Corfixen as a crazy nurse. He also directed a series of Lincoln commercials starring Matthew McConaughey. Future projects[edit] On August 14, 2016, Refn announced via his Twitter page that his next project would be titled The Avenging Silence, calling it "Ian Fleming + William Burroughs
William Burroughs
= NWR" and posted images for Fleming's novel, Dr. No and for Burroughs's novel The Soft Machine.[25][26] Variety reported that producer Lene Borglum described the purported plot as following: "[A] a former European spy [accepts] a mission from a Japanese businessman to take down the head of a Yakuza
Yakuza
boss in Japan".[27] Unrealized projects[edit] In 2005, it was reported that Refn co-wrote a screenplay with Nicholas St. John titled Billy’s People.[28] However, Refn scrapped the project because his films Bleeder (1999) and Fear X
Fear X
(2003) were box office disasters.[29] In 2009, Refn expressed high interest in developing a film biopic of notoriously polemic and controversial English occultist, Aleister Crowley, with Bronson star, Tom Hardy, as Crowley. Refn admitted to not knowing anything about the life of the magician and referred to Crowley as a "Satan-worshipping cult personality".[30] In 2009, Refn was attached to direct a modern retelling of Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde with Keanu Reeves
Keanu Reeves
playing the titular roles. The working title of the film was Jekyll. According to an interview with SciFi Wire, he wanted the film to take place "in modern America and use as much credible science as possible."[31] However, in February 2010, Winding Refn dropped out of the project in order to work on Drive.[32] In 2010, Refn was attached to direct Paul Schrader's script The Dying of the Light with Harrison Ford
Harrison Ford
as the lead.[33] However, in February 2010, Winding Refn exited the project. In September 2011 during promotion for Drive, he claimed that Ford did not want his character to die, causing the film production to fall apart.[34] Channing Tatum, who was to co-star with Ford in The Dying of the Light, originally wanted Refn to direct Magic Mike
Magic Mike
(2012), which Steven Soderbergh
Steven Soderbergh
came to direct.[35] In 2012, Refn was attached to direct a remake of the 1980s crime show The Equalizer
The Equalizer
with Denzel Washington
Denzel Washington
in the lead role, but the deal did not materialize with Sony for unknown reasons.[36] The adaptation The Equalizer
The Equalizer
ended up being directed by Antoine Fuqua
Antoine Fuqua
for release in 2014. In July 2016, Refn revealed that he had turned down the offer to direct the James Bond
James Bond
movie Spectre.[37] Directing style[edit] Refn has spoken about characterization in his films:

I've always liked characters that because of the circumstances, have to transform themselves, and in the end, it's inevitable that what they end up becoming is what they were meant to be. Take, for example, Pusher II, which is a movie about a son [played by Mads Mikkelsen] who all his life wants his father's love, but realizes he needs to kill him to free the sins of the father from him. What plants the seed for him is realizing he has his own child, and the responsibility of that suddenly forces him to take action. And it's a happy ending, even though it's a dark ending, but for the character, it is what he was meant to become. It's almost like he achieved his true meaning. And Drive is similar in the sense that The Driver was meant to become a superhero, and he's denied all these things—relationships, companionship. And why would he be denied that? It was because he was meant for something greater.[38]

Refn prefers to shoot his films in chronological order: "I read that [director John Cassavetes] had done it on some of his films, so I thought, 'That's a pretty cool approach.' And after I did it on my first movie, I felt, 'How can you do a movie any other way?' It's like a painting—you paint the movie as you go along, and I like the uncertainty of not knowing exactly how it's going to turn out."[6] Refn spoke more about shooting in chronological order in September 2011, in reference to Drive:

It's always difficult with production. All my films previous to Drive had been shot in what I call 100-percent almost-chronological order. Where Drive is like 80 percent. The reason why it didn't go 100 was that I just simply couldn't afford the last remaining pieces. I could afford what I call "the emotional chronological order". So nobody would die or leave the movie in the middle of their shooting schedule. It would always be the end. So there was a build-up as much as possible.[38]

On his approach to working with actors, Refn has said:

I think the first thing I ask any actor is what they would like to do, which sometimes can frighten people or can be looked upon as, 'Oh, you don't know what you want.' But I try to draw the actor in—to force them in, in some cases, because a lot of actors don't want to discuss things or go in deep; they just want to come and do the work, play their part and walk away. But for me, it doesn't work like that. You've got to get absorbed and dirty, and a way to do that is to ask the actor what they would like to do. It also forces them to be more truthful.[6]

Refn's color blindness has influenced his style: "I can't see mid-colors. That's why all my films are very contrasted, if it were anything else I couldn't see it."[7] Refn has said numerous times that his largest cinematic influence has been the director Alejandro Jodorowsky, of whom he has said:

I had been seeing Jodorowsky
Jodorowsky
the last couple years in Paris and we’d become quite close. Before we’d have dinner, we’d always have a tarot reading and talk about what it means. I feel that as a filmmaker, he’s the last of the great giants of an era that’s coming to a close. A year ago, he baptized me as his spiritual son and I wanted to reward that gesture.[39]

Personal life[edit] Refn is married to actress Liv Corfixen,[40] with whom he has two daughters.[41] Refn is Jewish.[42][43] After making the movie Fear X, Refn was heavily in debt. The story of Refn's recovery is recorded in the documentary Gambler, directed by Phie Ambo.[44] After Lars von Trier's controversial remarks on the 2011 Cannes Film festival, Refn apologised for Trier's behaviour on behalf of Denmark.[45] Refn's wife, Liv Corfixen, wrote and directed a documentary entitled My Life Directed by Nicolas Winding Refn, which chronicles the "behind the scenes" experience of shooting Only God Forgives
Only God Forgives
when the entire family had to be relocated to Thailand. The documentary has received positive reviews after premiering at Fantastic Fest
Fantastic Fest
and Beyond Fest.[46] The soundtrack for the documentary is also composed entirely by Cliff Martinez, with the last track "Disconnected" composed, written and sung by Julian Winding, Refn's nephew.[47] Filmography[edit] Film[edit]

Year Film Functioned as Notes

Director Writer Producer Actor Role

1996 Pusher Yes Yes

Yes Brian

1999 Bleeder Yes Yes Yes

2003 Fear X Yes Yes

2004 Pusher II Yes Yes

2005 Pusher 3 Yes Yes

2005 Kinamand

Yes Lægen ("The Doctor")

2008 Bronson Yes Yes

2009 Valhalla Rising Yes Yes

2011 Drive Yes

2013 Only God Forgives Yes Yes

2013 Jodorowsky's Dune

Yes Himself Documentary

2015 My Life Directed by Nicolas Winding Refn

Yes Himself/Subject Documentary

2016 The Neon Demon Yes Yes Yes

Television[edit]

Year Film Functioned as Notes

Director Writer Producer

2009 Agatha Christie's Marple: Nemesis Yes

Television film

2019 Too Old To Die Young Yes Yes Yes Television series

Music videos[edit]

Year Song Musician

1999 "Psycho Power" Bleeder

References[edit]

^ Ethan Alter (2012). "THE PUSHER TRILOGY". Film Journal International. Film Journal International. Retrieved 29 July 2012.  ^ "SPACE ROCKET NATION".  ^ Lim Dennis (October 01, 2009). "Looking at an Inmate, Seeing an Artist". The New York Times, accessed October 07, 2011. ^ McDonagh, Maitland (August 24, 2011). "Drive into darkness: Nicolas Winding Refn takes the wheel for Cannes award-winning action drama". Film Journal International, accessed September 30, 2011. ^ Chilton, Martin and Florence Waters (May 19, 2011). "Cannes Film Festival 2011: live". The Daily Telegraph, accessed September 30, 2011. ^ a b c Foundas, Scott (Summer 2012). "Anger Management". DGA Quarterly. Retrieved August 22, 2012.  ^ a b Smith, Julia (September 12, 2011). "Nicolas Winding Refn, Director of "Drive": Interview on The Sound of Young America". Bullseye with Jesse Thorn. Retrieved August 22, 2012.  ^ a b Leigh, Danny (October 11, 2012). "Pusher returns – again". The Guardian. Retrieved June 18, 2016.  ^ "Ny triumf for Arcels 'Kongekabale'" (in Danish). Politiken. Retrieved 18 June 2016.  ^ "With Blood On My Hands – Pusher II" (in Danish). Danish Film Institute. Retrieved June 18, 2016.  ^ Festival de Cannes (2011). "OFFICIAL SELECTION 2011". Festival de Cannes. Festival de Cannes. Retrieved 29 July 2012.  ^ San Diego Film Society (December 11, 2011). "San Diego Film Critics Select Top Films for 2011". San Diego Film Society. Retrieved May 22, 2014.  ^ "2013 Official Selection". Cannes. 18 April 2013. Retrieved 18 April 2013.  ^ "SFF 2013 Official Competition winner". Sydney Film Festival. 16 June 2013. Archived from the original on 28 June 2013. Retrieved 2 July 2013.  ^ "A Q&A with Liv Corfixen and Nicolas Refn of "MY LIFE DIRECTED BY NICOLAS WINDING REFN"". Fangoria. Retrieved 20 January 2015.  ^ "My Life Directed By Nicolas Winding Refn
Nicolas Winding Refn
is a familiar account of an unusual film". Retrieved 20 January 2015.  ^ Chitwood, Adam. " Carey Mulligan
Carey Mulligan
to Star in Nicolas Winding Refn's Sex Film I WALK WITH THE DEAD". Collider. Retrieved 19 September 2012.  ^ Jagernauth, Kevin. " Nicolas Winding Refn
Nicolas Winding Refn
Talks Making 'Only God Forgives' & Considers Tokyo Setting For Horror 'I Walk with The Dead'". IndieWire. Retrieved 19 September 2012.  ^ " Nicolas Winding Refn
Nicolas Winding Refn
Talks ONLY GOD FORGIVES, Confirms Horror/Thriller I WALK WITH THE DEAD As His Next Film; Contemplating Tokyo Setting". 30 March 2012.  ^ "Now Polly Stenham
Polly Stenham
gets ready to walk with the dead". 21 October 2013.  ^ "Nordisk Film & TV Fond :: Nicolas Winding Refn
Nicolas Winding Refn
Readies Danish/French Horror Tale". Retrieved 20 January 2015.  ^ "Refn's Blood-Sucking 'The Neon Demon' Nabs One More Victim". BD. Retrieved 20 January 2015.  ^ " 2016 Cannes Film Festival
2016 Cannes Film Festival
Announces Lineup". IndieWire. Retrieved 14 April 2016.  ^ Jagernauth, Kevin. "Watch: Nicolas Winding Refn
Nicolas Winding Refn
Directed Gucci Premiere Ad Starring Blake Lively". IndieWire. Retrieved 19 September 2012.  ^ "Post a Tweet on Twitter".  ^ " Nicolas Winding Refn
Nicolas Winding Refn
Sheds Light On The Avenging Silence". 17 August 2016.  ^ Kil, Sonia (10 December 2016). "IFFAM: Project Pitching Gets Lively Start at Macao's Crouching Tigers Market".  ^ Kaufman, Anthony (1 February 2005). "Nicholas Winding Refn's Wages of "Fear X"". IndieWire. Retrieved 12 December 2016.  ^ McClanahan, Erik (20 September 2011). "The Road To 'Drive': The Films Of Nicolas Winding Refn". IndieWire. Retrieved 13 December 2016.  ^ http://wildhunt.org/tag/nicolas-winding-refn Retrieved August 19, 2016 ^ Fischer, Russ. " Nicolas Winding Refn
Nicolas Winding Refn
Talks Valhalla Rising and Jekyll". /Film. Retrieved 22 August 2012.  ^ Fischer, Russ. " Nicolas Winding Refn
Nicolas Winding Refn
Off Both Jekyll and The Dying of the Light". /Film. Retrieved 22 August 2012.  ^ Dang, Simon. " Harrison Ford
Harrison Ford
To Lead Nicolas Winding Refn's The Dying of the Light'?". The Playlist. Retrieved 22 August 2012.  ^ Everett, Cory. " Nicolas Winding Refn
Nicolas Winding Refn
Says 'Dying Of The Light' Fell Apart Because Harrison Ford
Harrison Ford
Didn't Want To Die". Indiewire. Retrieved 22 August 2012.  ^ Jagernauth, Kevin. " Nicolas Winding Refn
Nicolas Winding Refn
Was Originally In Talks To Direct 'Magic Mike'; Steven Soderbergh
Steven Soderbergh
Has No Desire To Make Another "Important Movie"". Indiewire. Retrieved 22 August 2012.  ^ Goldberg, Matt. "Exclusive: Nicolas Winding Refn
Nicolas Winding Refn
Will Not Direct THE EQUALIZER; Sony Looking for Other Directors to Begin Shooting in May". Collider.  ^ Nordine, Michael (3 July 2016). "Why Nicolas Winding Refn
Nicolas Winding Refn
Says He Turned Down 'Spectre'". Indiewire. Retrieved 15 December 2016.  ^ a b Tobias, Scott (September 15, 2011). "Nicolas Winding Refn". The A.V. Club. Retrieved August 22, 2012.  ^ Hill, Logan (2013-05-16). "Nicholas Winding Refn on Being One With Ryan Gosling". The New York Times.  ^ Mottram, James (September 11, 2011). "Nicolas Winding Refn: 'When the chance came, I stuck the knife into Lars von Trier'". The Independent. Retrieved August 22, 2012.  ^ Shoard, Catherine (September 8, 2011). "Nicolas Winding Refn: 'Film-making is a fetish'". The Guardian. Retrieved August 22, 2012.  ^ Poland, David (September 12, 2009). Nicolas Winding Refn
Nicolas Winding Refn
Video Interview. David Poland Video Interview DP/30. YouTube. Event occurs at 27:54. Archived from the original on June 24, 2016.  ^ "Cannes 2011: Danish director Refn describes date with Gosling, laces into von Trier". LA Times Blogs - 24 Frames. 2011-05-20. Retrieved 2018-03-18.  ^ "Gambler". Sneersnipe.co.uk. 2006. Archived from the original on 2013-12-16.  ^ AFP news agency (20 May 2011). "Danish film maker 'repulsed' by von Trier's Nazi comments" – via YouTube.  ^ Eric Kohn, Review: 'My Life Directed by Nicolas Winding Refn' Reveals the Sad Story Behind 'Only God Forgives', Indiewire ^ "'My Life Directed by Nicholas Winding Refn' Soundtrack Details". FilmMusicReporter. August 5, 2014. Retrieved April 23, 2017. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nicolas Winding Refn.

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on IMDb Nicolas Winding Refn
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in the Danish Film Database (in English) / (in French) Interview with Nicolas Winding Refn
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on Filmsactu.com Nicolas Winding Refn
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Fan Blog A blog dedicated to filmmaker Nicolas Winding Refn

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Nicolas Winding Refn

Films

Pusher (1996) Bleeder (1999) Fear X
Fear X
(2003) Pusher II
Pusher II
(2004) Pusher 3
Pusher 3
(2005) Bronson (2008) Valhalla Rising (2009) Drive (2011) Only God Forgives
Only God Forgives
(2013) The Neon Demon
The Neon Demon
(2016)

Television series

Too Old To Die Young (2019)

Awards for Nicolas Winding Refn

Template:Prix de la mise en scene 2000–2019

v t e

Satellite Award for Best Director

Joel Coen (1996) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1997) Terrence Malick
Terrence Malick
(1998) Michael Mann
Michael Mann
(1999) Steven Soderbergh
Steven Soderbergh
(2000) Baz Luhrmann
Baz Luhrmann
(2001) Todd Haynes
Todd Haynes
(2002) Jim Sheridan (2003) Mel Gibson
Mel Gibson
(2004) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2005) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(2006) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2007) Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(2008) Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(2009) David Fincher
David Fincher
(2010) Nicolas Winding Refn
Nicolas Winding Refn
(2011) David O. Russell
David O. Russell
(2012) Steve McQueen (2013) Richard Linklater
Richard Linklater
(2014) Tom McCarthy (2015) Kenneth Lonergan
Kenneth Lonergan
(2016) Jordan Peele
Jordan Peele
(2017)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 101291410 LCCN: n2004029840 ISNI: 0000 0001 2321 4253 GND: 139565078 SELIBR: 137747 SUDOC: 143816586 BNF: cb1555

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