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The Info List - Nicobarese Languages


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The Nicobarese or Nicobaric languages form an isolated group of about half a dozen closely related Austroasiatic languages, spoken by the majority of the inhabitants of the Nicobar Islands of India. They have a total of about 30,000 speakers (22,100 native). The majority of Nicobarese speakers use the Car language. The Nicobaric languaes appear to be related to the Shompen language of the indigenous inhabitants of the interior of Great Nicobar Island (Blench & Sidwell 2011).[2] However, Paul Sidwell (2017)[3] classifies Shompen as a Southern Nicobaric language rather than as a separate branch of Austroasiatic. The morphological similarities between Nicobarese and Austronesian languages have been used as evidence for the Austric hypothesis (Reid 1994).[4]

Contents

1 Languages 2 Classification 3 Further reading 4 See also 5 References

Languages[edit] From north to south, the Nicobaric languages are:

Car Chaura–Teressa: Chaura (Sanenya), Teressa (Bompoka dialect) Central Nicobarese languages: Nancowry, Camorta, Katchal Southern Nicobarese or 'Sambelong'

Classification[edit] Paul Sidwell (2017) classifies the Nicobaric languages as follows.[3]

Car Central-Southern

Central: Nancowry/Müot, Camorta, Trinkat, Katchall Southern: Great Nicobar, Little Nicobar, Shompen

Further reading[edit]

Adams, K. L. (1989). Systems of numeral classification in the Mon–Khmer, Nicobarese and Aslian subfamilies of Austroasiatic. Canberra, A.C.T., Australia: Dept. of Linguistics, Research School of Pacific Studies, Australian National University. ISBN 0-85883-373-5 Radhakrishnan, R. (1981). The Nancowry Word: Phonology, Affixal Morphology and Roots of a Nicobarese Language. Current Inquiry Into Language and Linguistics 37. Linguistic Research Inc., P.O. Box 5677, Station 'L', Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, T6C 4G1. ISBN 0-88783-041-2

See also[edit]

Shompen languages

References[edit]

^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Nicobaric". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.  ^ Blench, Roger, and Paul Sidwell. 2011. "Is Shom Pen a Distinct Branch?" In Sophana Srichampa and Paul Sidwell, eds. Austroasiatic Studies: Papers from ICAAL 4. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. ^ a b Sidwell, Paul. 2017. "Proto-Nicobarese Phonology, Morphology, Syntax: work in progress". International Conference on Austroasiatic Linguistics 7, Kiel, Sept 29-Oct 1, 2017. ^ Reid, Lawrence A. 1994. Morphological evidence for Austric. Oceanic Linguistics 33(2):323-344.

v t e

Austroasiatic languages

Bahnaric

North

Jeh Halang Kayong Kaco’ Takua Monom Todrah Sedang Rengao Hrê Duan Katua

West

Lavi Jru' Laven Su' Juk Nyaheun Sapuan Oi Brao

Central

Alak Tariang Tampuan Bahnar Chrau Koho Stieng Ra’ong Mnong Mel? Khaonh? Thmon?

East

Cua

Katuic

Katu Phuong Bru Kuy Pacoh Ta’Oi

Vietic

Vietnamese Mường Nguồn Cuoi Thavưng Chứt Arem Maleng Kri

Khmuic

Khmu Mlabri Phai Mal Ksingmul O’du Phray Phong Khao

Palaungic

Danau Palaung Riang Lamet Kiorr Kuan

Angkuic

Hu U Man Met Mok Muak Sa-aak Va Tai Loi

Waic

Blang Lawa Wa Meung Yum Savaiq

Bit-Khang

Bit Quang Lam Kháng Bumang

Khasic

Khasi Pnar War Lyngngam

Mangic

Mang Bolyu Bugan

Khmeric

Khmer Northern Khmer Western Khmer Khmer Khe

Pearic

Pear Suoi Saoch Chong Samre Somray Kasong

Monic

Mon Nyah Kur

Aslian

Jahaic

Cheq Wong Batek Jahai Jedek Minriq Mintil Kintaq Kensiu Ten'edn Wila'

Senoic

Semai Temiar Lanoh Sabüm Semnam

Jah Hut

Jah Hut

Semelaic

Temoq Semelai Semaq Beri Mah Meri

(unclassified)

Kenaboi

Nicobaric

Car Chaura Teressa Central Nicobarese Nancowry Camorta Katchal Southern Nicobarese

Shompen

Shompen

Munda

North

Korku Korwa Santali Turi Birhor Mundari Ho Koda Kol Asur Birjia Agariya

South

Kharia Juang Gta’ Remo Gutob Goru

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