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NICHOLAS ANTHONY "NICK" ROBINSON (born 5 October 1963) is a British journalist, currently a presenter on the BBC
BBC
's Today programme. Prior to this he spent ten years as political editor for the BBC, and he has had many other roles with the broadcaster.

Robinson was interested in politics from a young age, and went on to study Philosophy, Politics and Economics at Oxford University, where he was also President of the Oxford University Conservative Association . Starting out in broadcasting at Piccadilly Radio , after a year as President of the Conservative Party youth group, he worked his way up as a producer, eventually becoming deputy editor of Panorama before becoming a political correspondent in 1996.

He became the BBC's chief political correspondent in 1999. Between 2002 and 2005, he worked for ITV News as political editor, but then returned to the BBC
BBC
assuming the same role.

Known for his confrontational and provocative approach, Robinson has on several occasions caused a stir with his style of questioning, particularly of national leaders such as George W. Bush
George W. Bush
. He has presented programmes such as Westminster Live , Weekend Breakfast and Late Night Live on BBC
BBC
Radio 5 Live , and Newsnight on BBC
BBC
Two . He earns between £250,000 and £299,999 as a BBC
BBC
journalist.

CONTENTS

* 1 Early life * 2 Political activism

* 3 Career

* 3.1 Early career: 1986–1996 * 3.2 Political correspondent: 1996–2002 * 3.3 ITN political editor: 2002–2005 * 3.4 Return to the BBC: 2005–present

* 4 Criticism * 5 Personal life * 6 Bibliography * 7 References * 8 External links

EARLY LIFE

Robinson was born in Macclesfield , Cheshire, in 1963, to a translator mother and a sales director father. His mother was born in Shanghai
Shanghai
, where her German-Jewish
German-Jewish
parents fled during the 1930s . His father was of English background. His parents first met at Geneva University in Switzerland, and married three months later.

Robinson was interested in political journalism from the age of eight. He was educated at Cheadle Hulme School and University College, Oxford , where he read Philosophy, Politics and Economics .

Whilst travelling in Europe in 1982, he survived a car crash in Lille , France, in which the car, a two-door Volkswagen Beetle
Volkswagen Beetle
, exploded; his friends James Nelson and Will Redhead (son of Brian Redhead , an earlier presenter of Today on BBC
BBC
Radio 4 ) were killed. Robinson was "severely burned", spent five weeks in hospital and had to defer his university place. Brian Redhead became Robinson's mentor, and later encouraged his career in political journalism, giving him a copy of Tony Benn 's Arguments for Socialism for his birthday. However, Robinson's early political affiliations were to the right.

POLITICAL ACTIVISM

Robinson was a founder-member of Macclesfield Young Conservatives (YC) and rose through the ranks, becoming Cheshire YC Chairman (1982–84) and became a key activist in the moderate-controlled North West Area organisation. Philip Pedley , as National YC Chairman, co-opted Robinson onto the YC National Advisory Committee in 1983 and appointed him National Campaign Director of Youth for Multilateral Disarmament . Robinson was elected National Vice Chairman in 1985–87 and succeeded a fellow moderate, Richard Fuller , when he was elected Chairman of the National Young Conservatives on the moderate ticket against strong right-wing opposition (1987–88).

At university he was President of the Oxford University Conservative Association in 1985.

CAREER

EARLY CAREER: 1986–1996

Robinson's first position in broadcasting was at Piccadilly Radio in Manchester, which he took up while recovering from his injuries. He joined the BBC
BBC
in 1986 as a production trainee, and later worked extensively as a television and radio producer for a variety of shows including Newsround and Crimewatch
Crimewatch
. He then became an assistant producer for On the Record , and in 1993 was promoted to deputy editor of Panorama , a position he held for three years. In 1995, whilst Robinson was at Panorama, he wrote an internal BBC
BBC
memorandum questioning how an interview with Prime Minister John Major
John Major
could be defended in the run-up to the Scottish local elections. When leaked, this gained attention from the Labour Party , which perceived it as the legitimised denial of equal time in the run-up to local elections.

POLITICAL CORRESPONDENT: 1996–2002

Robinson interviewing Michael Portillo for BBC News
BBC News
in July 2001, close to the Palace of Westminster
Palace of Westminster

In 1996 he became a political correspondent, presenting Weekend Breakfast and Late Night Live on BBC
BBC
Radio 5 Live , and in 1997 he covered the general election for BBC
BBC
Radio. In October 1999 he became BBC News
BBC News
24 's chief political correspondent, and also presented Westminster Live . In the run-up to the 2001 general election , Robinson started keeping a daily diary of the campaign. Entitled The Campaign Today, it later became Newslog, and continued to be updated until Robinson left the BBC. When he returned in 2005 he began a new blog with the same name.

ITN POLITICAL EDITOR: 2002–2005

Robinson left the BBC
BBC
in 2002 to join Independent Television News (ITN) as the political editor of ITV News. Tom Bradby , who later succeeded him in the role, described the appointment as "bold, imaginative and instantly successful". Robinson stayed with ITN for three years, and caused a major stir early in the 2005 general election campaign, when a Labour Party poster was unveiled. The poster claimed the Conservative Party would initiate cuts of £ 35 billion to public services if elected; Robinson challenged Prime Minister Tony Blair , claiming the poster was misleading, which forced Blair to admit the £35 billion figure was "disingenuous".

Later on in the election campaign, Labour announced that Tony Blair would be making "the most important speech of the campaign" on immigration, with a specially invited audience. Robinson asked Blair why there were only white people in the audience, and Blair pointed out a single Asian man to disprove Robinson. Later, Robinson stated: "We know that the big two parties carefully select audiences to give a particular appearance. Is it a great controversy to point this out? That's informing the audience." On election night, Robinson joined presenters Jonathan Dimbleby
Jonathan Dimbleby
and Alastair Stewart to reveal the results with political analysis.

RETURN TO THE BBC: 2005–PRESENT

Robinson left ITN and was appointed as the BBC
BBC
political editor in preference to Martha Kearney in August 2005, replacing Andrew Marr
Andrew Marr
.

Robinson continued his provocative approach to journalism, and on more than one occasion had run-ins with powerful politicians. During Tony Blair's visit to Israel in 2006 to discuss the Lebanon War , journalists were asked not to bring up the ongoing rift with Gordon Brown . Bradby, then the ITV political editor, asked a question on the subject but was told it was "disrespectful". Robinson then followed on the same topic, asking a difficult question on the feud between the Chancellor and Prime Minister. He was criticised for distracting from the main issue of the conference, but he argued that "I'm paid to ask questions ... particularly at a time when there are incredibly serious allegations ... I react very badly to organised attempts to stop journalists asking questions." Robinson later criticised Blair's announcement of his intention to stand down. He explained how he considered the setup "stage management", and how no journalists were allowed to ask questions.

In December 2006, George W. Bush
George W. Bush
showed dissatisfaction when he was asked if he was in denial about the situation in Iraq (the most Bush had said about the situation was that the increase in attacks was "unsettling"). Bush replied "It's bad in Iraq. Does that help?". He had another run-in with Bush at a press conference at Camp David
Camp David
, when Bush asked him "you still hanging around?". He then suggested to Robinson, with reference to the fact that it was a hot day, that "next time you should cover your bald head". As Bush walked away, Robinson replied "I didn't know you cared", to which Bush responded "I don't". Robinson described his quip as a "fatal error" on his blog. In a final encounter in 2008, Bush joked with Robinson about still not wearing his hat.

Robinson continues to keep a political blog on the BBC
BBC
website. On 5 May 2006, he said that when he heard about Charles Clarke
Charles Clarke
's sacking in the 2006 Cabinet reshuffle, he was "naked in bed." He later apologised, saying he was "merely trying to add authenticity. That's the naked truth". Another post, dated 25 February 2008, criticised MPs defending Michael Martin against allegations of the misuse of expenses, which caused controversy in parliament.

As political editor, Robinson worked across the BBC's politics-related programmes, such as Today on BBC
BBC
Radio 4, The Daily Politics and Newsnight . He has been a member of BBC's election night team.

He has also appeared as a guest on other television programmes, including Children in Need
Children in Need
, Have I Got News for You and Top Gear .

Robinson has made several documentaries. In May 2011, he presented The Street That Cut Everything , where residents of a street in Preston, Lancashire
Preston, Lancashire
had their council services withdrawn for six weeks as an experiment. In 2014 he presented The Truth About Immigration for BBC
BBC
Two .

For radio, he made The Prime Ministers – a 16-part biographical series for BBC
BBC
Radio 4. In advance of the 2015 general election he made a three-part documentary, entitled Can Democracy Work.

It was announced on 9 July 2015 that, beginning that autumn, Robinson would become a presenter on the early morning BBC
BBC
Radio 4 programme Today, taking over from James Naughtie .

CRITICISM

Robinson has been criticised for allegedly reporting with a pro-Conservative bias. Alastair Campbell
Alastair Campbell
brought up his history of Conservative affiliations during an interview. Bias was claimed particularly in the coverage of the 2010 general election ; a Facebook group entitled " Nick Robinson
Nick Robinson
should not be the BBC's political editor" was set up in August 2010. In a 2005 interview with David Rowan, the UK editor of Wired News
Wired News
, Robinson insisted "that his involvement ceased twenty years ago".

On 20 October 2010, following a live BBC News
BBC News
at Six report outside Parliament covering the 2010 Spending Review , Robinson silently took the anti-war, anti-cuts placard that had been waved directly behind him throughout, broke it in two and stamped on it. Afterwards, another protester, who had climbed the steps of the gantry where the BBC
BBC
were broadcasting to film the protest on a mobile phone, said: "You should be ashamed of yourself, mate. Shame on you!" Robinson replied "I'm not remotely ashamed of myself. Why should I be ashamed of myself?" He wrote in his blog afterwards: "I lost my temper and I regret that. However, as I explained afterwards to the protesters who disrupted my broadcast, there are many opportunities to debate whether the troops should be out of Afghanistan without the need to stick a sign on a long pole and wave it in front of a camera". Some days later, Robinson read out a jokily ambiguous "letter of apology" on the comedy game show Have I Got News for You , broadcast on 4 November 2010.

On the 22 May 2013 edition of the BBC News
BBC News
at Six, Robinson relayed the news that the fatal stabbing of an off-duty British soldier in London that afternoon was being treated by the government as a terrorist incident, but attracted criticism after quoting a source describing the perpetrators as being "of Muslim appearance". The BBC received 43 complaints about Robinson's use of the term, and he issued an apology on his BBC
BBC
blog the following day.

On 11 September 2014, as part of the coverage of the Scottish independence referendum , Nick Robinson
Nick Robinson
had a dispute with Scottish National Party leader Alex Salmond . The previous day Robinson had reported that Lloyds Bank
Lloyds Bank
and RBS would be moving their registered offices from Scotland to London in the event of a "Yes" vote. In the exchange Robinson asked Salmond two questions: the first about the economic impact of RBS moving its headquarters; the second, more general, about why to trust a politician when CEO's of certain companies advised against independence. In his response, Salmond made points about how the BBC
BBC
had obtained market-sensitive information. A report was shown on all BBC
BBC
evening news programmes later that day as part of which Robinson stated Salmond had not answered his question but had instead chosen to lay accusations against the BBC. The BBC received complaints from viewers over the implication that Salmond had not answered a question put to him; there was a protest in Glasgow, in which between 1000 and 2000 protestors called for Robinson to be sacked. The BBC
BBC
responded: "The BBC
BBC
considers that the questions were valid and the overall report balanced and impartial, in line with our editorial guidelines.

In November 2014, Robinson was covering the count of the Rochester and Strood by-election . He was seen smiling whilst posing for a photograph with Jayda Fransen, candidate and deputy leader of Britain First , a far right-wing party. Robinson stated that he did not know who Fransen was, and assumed she was a staff member at the count seeking a "selfie". However, Fransen was wearing a prominent badge saying "candidate" at the time.

PERSONAL LIFE

Robinson met his wife Pippa, a relationship counsellor, at university and they married in 1991. They have three children: Harry, Will and Alice. He lives in north London, close to Arsenal 's Emirates Stadium . He is a lifelong Manchester United fan, and enjoys sailing and the theatre. Robinson is a fan of the rock band Queen ; his ringtone of one of their songs interrupted a discussion during Daily Politics
Daily Politics
in 2014.

In early 2015 Robinson underwent surgery to remove a bronchial carcinoid tumour ; he returned to work at the BBC
BBC
on 13 April 2015, as part of its coverage of the 2015 general election and beyond. The operation was reported to have been a “complete success”.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

* Robinson, Nick. (2012). Live from Downing Street: The Inside Story of Politics, Power and the Media. Bantam Press. ISBN 978-0-593-06680-5

* Robinson, Nick (2015), Election Notebook: The Inside Story of the Battle over Britain's Future and my Personal Battle to Report it. Bantam Press. ISBN 978-0593075180

REFERENCES

* ^ A B C D E F G H I J Morris, Sophie (4 August 2007). "The Saturday Profile: Nick Robinson, news hound". The Independent
The Independent
. London: Independent Print Limited. Retrieved 24 April 2010. * ^ " BBC
BBC
pay: How much do its stars earn?". BBC
BBC
News. BBC. 19 July 2017. Retrieved 14 August 2017. * ^ A B "Politicians interview pundits: Diane Abbott and Nick Robinson". The Guardian. 26 September 2009. Retrieved 30 May 2013. * ^ "Why Nick Robinson
Nick Robinson
loves his Suffolk bolthole". Suffolk Mag. 19 January 2011. Retrieved 30 May 2013. * ^ A B C D McSmith, Andy (19 September 2006). "Nick Robinson: Northern, arsey, confrontational". The Independent. London: Independent Print Limited. Retrieved 24 April 2010. * ^ A B C D Cummins, Fiona (6 September 2005). "BBC\'s new hardman haunted by teenage tragedy". Daily Mirror
Daily Mirror
. Retrieved 14 August 2010. * ^ Nick Robinson
Nick Robinson
1987 Manifesto for YC chairman. * ^ Peter Dominiczak (14 May 2014). "A history of Conservative university associations". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 22 May 2014. * ^ "Oxford University Conservative Association". Oxford University Conservative Association . Oxford Conservative Association . Archived from the original on 25 April 2010. Retrieved 24 April 2010. * ^ Wynn Davies, Patricia (31 March 1995). "Labour says other leaders should join Major interview". The Independent
The Independent
. London: Independent Print Limited. Retrieved 13 August 2010. * ^ "About Nick Robinson". BBC
BBC
Blogs. 29 November 2005. Retrieved 13 August 2010. * ^ A B C D Rowan, David (4 May 2005). "Interview: Nick Robinson". Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 4 September 2009. Retrieved 24 April 2010. * ^ Whitworth, Damian (2 August 2007). "Nick Robinson: Leader of the awkward squad". The Times
The Times
. London. Retrieved 15 August 2010. * ^ Porter, Andrew (18 April 2008). "George Bush and Nick Robinson: the real special relationship". The Daily Telegraph. London: Telegraph Media Group Limited. Retrieved 15 August 2010. * ^ Robinson, Nick (5 May 2006). "In and out". BBC. Retrieved 14 August 2010. * ^ Robinson, Nick (6 May 2006). "Naked truth". BBC. Retrieved 14 August 2010. * ^ Robinson, Nick (25 February 2008). "Theories on the Speaker". BBC. Retrieved 14 August 2010. * ^ West, Dave (26 February 2008). "MPs attack Robinson blog on Speaker row". Digital Spy
Digital Spy
. Digital Spy
Digital Spy
Limited. Retrieved 14 August 2010. * ^ " BBC
BBC
election coverage: Log on and tune in". BBC. 6 May 2010. Retrieved 15 August 2010. * ^ "Reasonably-priced Kia is new Top Gear star". Auto Express
Auto Express
. Dennis Publishing Limited. 28 June 2010. Retrieved 15 August 2010. * ^ Robinson, Nick (16 May 2011). "The Street That Cut Everything". BBC
BBC
News. Retrieved 17 May 2011. * ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b03phwk5 BBC
BBC
– The Truth About Immigration * ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b01083zj BBC
BBC
– The Prime Ministers * ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b04xp157 BBC
BBC
iPlayer – Can Democracy Work * ^ " Nick Robinson
Nick Robinson
to become a presenter on BBC
BBC
Radio 4\'s Today programme". BBC
BBC
Media Centre. 9 July 2015. Retrieved 9 July 2015. * ^ Greenslade, Roy (14 May 2010). " Facebook
Facebook
campaign urges BBC
BBC
to fire Nick Robinson
Nick Robinson
for pro-Tory bias". The Guardian
The Guardian
. London: Guardian News and Media Limited. Retrieved 13 August 2010. * ^ "BBC\'s Nick Robinson
Nick Robinson
\'not ashamed\' after stamping on protester\'s sign". The Independent. London. 21 October 2010. * ^ Robinson, Nick (21 October 2010). "Last night\'s Six O\'Clock News". Newslog. BBC
BBC
News. Retrieved 22 October 2010. * ^ "BBC\'s Nick Robinson
Nick Robinson
has run-in with anti-war protester". The Spy Report. Media Spy. 22 October 2010. Archived from the original on 29 October 2010. Retrieved 22 October 2010. * ^ Halliday, Josh (23 May 2013). "Woolwich attack: BBC\'s Nick Robinson apologises after \'Muslim\' description". The Guardian. Retrieved 30 May 2013. * ^ Muir, Hugh (25 May 2013). "From Sergio García to Nick Robinson: a week of language lessons". The Guardian. Retrieved 30 May 2013. * ^ " Nick Robinson
Nick Robinson
versus the world". The Spectator. Press Holdings. 29 May 2013. Retrieved 30 May 2013. * ^ Peston, Robert (12 September 2014). "Treasury briefed RBS move before board decision". BBC
BBC
News. Retrieved 13 September 2014. * ^ Alex Salmond smackdowns' BBC's Nick Robinson https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SUW6-wzGv-8 * ^ " Alex Salmond heckled by BBC
BBC
reporter – video". The Guardian. 11 September 2014. Retrieved 12 September 2014. * ^ Scottish independence: Large crowds protest against perceived BBC
BBC
and Nick Robinson
Nick Robinson
bias, http://www.cityam.com/1410714719/scottish-independce-thousands-protest-against-perceived-bbc-bias * ^ " BBC News
BBC News
at Six and Ten, BBC
BBC
One, 11 September, 2014". BBC. Retrieved 13 September 2014. * ^ https://www.britainfirst.org/statement-of-principles-2/ * ^ Swinford, Steven (21 November 2014). " Nick Robinson
Nick Robinson
apologises for Britain First \'selfie\'". The Daily Telegraph
The Daily Telegraph
. Retrieved 22 November 2014. * ^ "Queen on Robinson tablet computer interrupts TV debate". BBC News. 15 January 2014. Retrieved 18 January 2014. * ^ "BBC\'s Nick Robinson
Nick Robinson
to have tumour removed". BBC
BBC
News. Retrieved on 16 December 2015. * ^ "BBC\'s Nick Robinson
Nick Robinson
has successful op to remove lung tumour". the Guardian. Retrieved on 16 December 2015.

EXTERNAL LINKS

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