Nicholas S. H. Krawciw
Nicholas S. H. Krawciw (Ukrainian: Микола Кравців) is a
United States Army
Major General who served two tours of duty
in the Vietnam War, and served as Commanding General of the 3rd
Infantry Division from 1987 to 1989.
1 Early life
2 Military career
3 Post military
5 Awards and decorations
6 See also
8 Further reading
9 External links
Nicholas Krawciw was born on November 28, 1935, to Bohdan and
Neonila Krawciw, in Lviv, Galicia,
Poland (present-day Ukraine). His
family moved to
Germany during World War II, and to the United States
in 1949. As a youth, Nick grew up in a
community and is able to speak the Ukrainian language. He was a member
of Plast, a Ukrainian scouting organization, and attended the
Bordentown Military Institute. He entered the
United States Military
West Point in 1955, where he played varsity soccer, became
a cadet regimental commander, and was in the graduating class of 1959.
Nick Krawciw was one of the first members of his class to go to
Vietnam, and was severely wounded in an ambush. After recuperating,
Captain Krawciw commanded a cavalry troop at
Fort Hood where he
co-invented an advanced armor system for ground vehicles, a composite
system similar to that later incorporated into tank design.
Following a tour in the Tactical Department at West Point, Major
Krawciw returned to Vietnam as S-3 of the 3rd Squadron, 5th Cavalry.
During a year of intense fighting along the DMZ, Nick was awarded
three Silver Stars and was instrumental in devising new tactics and
counter measures that frustrated a tenacious enemy.
Major Krawciw was sent to
Israel in 1972 as the Chief Operations
Officer for the UN Truce Supervision Organization. Promoted to
Lieutenant Colonel, he produced intelligence reports prior to the
start of the
Yom Kippur War
Yom Kippur War that led to a personal commendation from
the Chief of Staff of the Army, General Abrams.
Nick commanded the 1st Squadron,
2nd Armored Cavalry Regiment
2nd Armored Cavalry Regiment in 1974,
and later served at Headquarters, U.S. Army, Europe. Following a year
as a Fellow at the
Hoover Institution at Stanford, Colonel Krawciw was
assigned to the Training and Doctrine Command as Director of Concepts
and Doctrine in combat development. Here, his work on maneuver
doctrine revolutionized the way the Army fought, was organized, and
was trained. Nick Krawciw’s ideas influenced victories in Operation
Just Cause (Panama), Operation Desert Storm, Operation Iraqi Freedom,
and many important but smaller contingencies.
In 1979, Colonel Krawciw returned to
Germany to command the First
Brigade of the 3rd Armored Division. Back home after two years in
command, Nick was nominated by the Army Chief of Staff to attend the
Senior Seminar of the Department of State. In 1982, he was assigned to
the Army staff and then as Military Assistant to the Deputy Secretary
Promoted to Brigadier General, he returned to
Germany in 1984 as
Assistant Division Commander of the 3rd Infantry Division and then
Executive Officer to the Supreme Allied Commander, Europe. In 1987,
Major General Krawciw assumed command of the 3rd Infantry Division.
His final active duty assignment was Director of NATO Policy in the
Office of the Secretary of Defense in 1989–1990. Krawciw retired
from the Army on July 1, 1990.
Since he spoke Ukrainian fluently, Nick Krawciw was urged by the
United States Department of Defense to become involved in assisting
the newly independent
Ukraine to establish political freedom and a
marketplace economy. With the approval of the U.S. government, General
Krawciw met with Ukrainian officials and agreed to help them set up a
non-profit, non-governmental political science institute.
At the behest of the Chief of Staff of the U.S. Army and the
Undersecretary of Defense, Nick and his dedicated wife Christina moved
Ukraine in 1992 where, for a year, he worked to reorganize,
educate, and restructure the Ukrainian military on Western lines.
Beginning in 1993, as a consultant to the Secretary of Defense on
Ukrainian matters, and later as Secretary of Defense Senior Military
Representative to Ukraine, General Krawciw was largely responsible for
converting the Ukrainian Armed Forces from a communist army that was
feared throughout Europe to one that now has democratic standards.
The country had not governed itself in 300 years, so there was no body
of law, no democratic tradition, and a military organized on the
totalitarian model with corresponding values. Nick assisted in
professional development, including ethics, guided reduction of forces
to appropriate levels, and identified sound leaders. Progress was slow
and difficult, but ultimately effective.
The culmination of his efforts was the refusal of the Ukrainian Army
to disperse the
Orange Revolution demonstration that ultimately
overturned the fraudulent election of 2004, thus justifying the years
of dedicated effort General Krawciw and other American officers had
spent to achieve a democratic Army in Ukraine. Some of the programs
Krawciw organized or participated in were Operation Peace Shield and
Operation Sea Breeze. 
Nick Krawciw was instrumental in establishing educational exchange
programs with the Ukrainian military, devoting many hours to
sponsoring and escorting both military and civilian groups from
Ukraine around the United States.
In 1995, in addition to his work with Ukraine, Nick Krawciw began 10
years service as President of The Dupuy Institute; and is now Chairman
of the Board. Under Nick’s leadership, the Institute, dedicated to
scholarly analysis of military historical trends, expanded its
Throughout a lifetime of distinguished service, Nick Krawciw’s
career has been marked by inspirational leadership and steadfast
dedication to the ideals expressed in the
West Point motto: “Duty,
Honor, Country.” His extraordinary accomplishments in the
international arena have made a lasting and invaluable contribution to
the national security of the United States.
This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (July 2011)
Awards and decorations
His awards and decorations included the
Silver Star (three) with two
oak leaf clusters, the Distinguished Flying Cross, the Legion of Merit
with oak leaf cluster, the Bronze Star (four total, two for valor),
and the Purple Heart.
Silver Star with two oak leaf clusters
Distinguished Flying Cross
Legion of Merit
Legion of Merit with oak leaf cluster
United States Army portal
Ukrainian American Veterans
^ a b c d e f g h i j k Rich, Susan. "TDI Profile: Nicholas Krawciw"
(PDF). The International TNDM Newsletter. The Depuy Institute.
p. 28. Retrieved 16 June 2011.
^ Casanova, lka Koznarska (18 December 1983). "interview: Col.
Nicholas Krawciw,newly nominated brigadier general" (PDF). The
Ukrainian Weekly. pp. 10–11. Retrieved 15 June 2011.
^ Staff (2 August 1987). "Krawciw takes command of 3rd Infantry
Division" (PDF). The Ukrainian Weekly. pp. 4–13. Retrieved 15
^ a b c Polyakov, Leonid (2004). U.S.-
Ukraine Military Relations and
the Value of Interoperability (PDF). Carlisle, Pennsylvania: Strategic
Studies Institute. p. Appendix. ISBN 1-58487-170-9.
^ Golash, Roman G. (2 July 1995). "Operation Peace Shield brings
together Ukrainian and American troops" (PDF). The Ukrainian Weekly.
pp. 11–19. Retrieved 16 June 2011.
This article incorporates public domain material from the
United States Government document "2006 Distinguished Graduate Award".
Alex Lushnycky, Ukrainians of Greater
West Point Warriors: Profiles of Duty, Honor, and Country
in Battle (2002), ISBN 0-446-61125-5
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