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Nicholas S. H. Krawciw
Nicholas S. H. Krawciw
(Ukrainian: Микола Кравців) is a retired United States
United States
Army Major General
Major General
who served two tours of duty in the Vietnam War, and served as Commanding General of the 3rd Infantry Division from 1987 to 1989.

Contents

1 Early life 2 Military career 3 Post military 4 Honors 5 Awards and decorations 6 See also 7 References 8 Further reading 9 External links

Early life[edit] Nicholas Krawciw was born on November 28, 1935,[1] to Bohdan and Neonila Krawciw, in Lviv, Galicia, Poland
Poland
(present-day Ukraine). His family moved to Germany
Germany
during World War II, and to the United States in 1949. As a youth, Nick grew up in a Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Ukrainian-American community and is able to speak the Ukrainian language. He was a member of Plast, a Ukrainian scouting organization, and attended the Bordentown Military Institute. He entered the United States
United States
Military Academy at West Point
West Point
in 1955, where he played varsity soccer, became a cadet regimental commander, and was in the graduating class of 1959. [2] [3] Military career[edit] Nick Krawciw was one of the first members of his class to go to Vietnam, and was severely wounded in an ambush. After recuperating, Captain Krawciw commanded a cavalry troop at Fort Hood
Fort Hood
where he co-invented an advanced armor system for ground vehicles, a composite system similar to that later incorporated into tank design.[1] Following a tour in the Tactical Department at West Point, Major Krawciw returned to Vietnam as S-3 of the 3rd Squadron, 5th Cavalry. During a year of intense fighting along the DMZ, Nick was awarded three Silver Stars and was instrumental in devising new tactics and counter measures that frustrated a tenacious enemy.[1] Major Krawciw was sent to Israel
Israel
in 1972 as the Chief Operations Officer for the UN Truce Supervision Organization. Promoted to Lieutenant Colonel, he produced intelligence reports prior to the start of the Yom Kippur War
Yom Kippur War
that led to a personal commendation from the Chief of Staff of the Army, General Abrams.[1] Nick commanded the 1st Squadron, 2nd Armored Cavalry Regiment
2nd Armored Cavalry Regiment
in 1974, and later served at Headquarters, U.S. Army, Europe. Following a year as a Fellow at the Hoover Institution
Hoover Institution
at Stanford, Colonel Krawciw was assigned to the Training and Doctrine Command as Director of Concepts and Doctrine in combat development. Here, his work on maneuver doctrine revolutionized the way the Army fought, was organized, and was trained. Nick Krawciw’s ideas influenced victories in Operation Just Cause (Panama), Operation Desert Storm, Operation Iraqi Freedom, and many important but smaller contingencies.[1] In 1979, Colonel Krawciw returned to Germany
Germany
to command the First Brigade of the 3rd Armored Division. Back home after two years in command, Nick was nominated by the Army Chief of Staff to attend the Senior Seminar of the Department of State. In 1982, he was assigned to the Army staff and then as Military Assistant to the Deputy Secretary of Defense.[1] Promoted to Brigadier General, he returned to Germany
Germany
in 1984 as Assistant Division Commander of the 3rd Infantry Division and then Executive Officer to the Supreme Allied Commander, Europe. In 1987, Major General
Major General
Krawciw assumed command of the 3rd Infantry Division. His final active duty assignment was Director of NATO Policy in the Office of the Secretary of Defense in 1989–1990. Krawciw retired from the Army on July 1, 1990.[1] Post military[edit] Since he spoke Ukrainian fluently, Nick Krawciw was urged by the United States
United States
Department of Defense to become involved in assisting the newly independent Ukraine
Ukraine
to establish political freedom and a marketplace economy. With the approval of the U.S. government, General Krawciw met with Ukrainian officials and agreed to help them set up a non-profit, non-governmental political science institute.[1] At the behest of the Chief of Staff of the U.S. Army and the Undersecretary of Defense, Nick and his dedicated wife Christina moved to Ukraine
Ukraine
in 1992 where, for a year, he worked to reorganize, educate, and restructure the Ukrainian military on Western lines. Beginning in 1993, as a consultant to the Secretary of Defense on Ukrainian matters, and later as Secretary of Defense Senior Military Representative to Ukraine, General Krawciw was largely responsible for converting the Ukrainian Armed Forces from a communist army that was feared throughout Europe to one that now has democratic standards.[1] The country had not governed itself in 300 years, so there was no body of law, no democratic tradition, and a military organized on the totalitarian model with corresponding values. Nick assisted in professional development, including ethics, guided reduction of forces to appropriate levels, and identified sound leaders. Progress was slow and difficult, but ultimately effective.[4] The culmination of his efforts was the refusal of the Ukrainian Army to disperse the Orange Revolution
Orange Revolution
demonstration that ultimately overturned the fraudulent election of 2004, thus justifying the years of dedicated effort General Krawciw and other American officers had spent to achieve a democratic Army in Ukraine. Some of the programs Krawciw organized or participated in were Operation Peace Shield and Operation Sea Breeze. [4][5] Nick Krawciw was instrumental in establishing educational exchange programs with the Ukrainian military, devoting many hours to sponsoring and escorting both military and civilian groups from Ukraine
Ukraine
around the United States.[4] In 1995, in addition to his work with Ukraine, Nick Krawciw began 10 years service as President of The Dupuy Institute; and is now Chairman of the Board. Under Nick’s leadership, the Institute, dedicated to scholarly analysis of military historical trends, expanded its activity.[1] Throughout a lifetime of distinguished service, Nick Krawciw’s career has been marked by inspirational leadership and steadfast dedication to the ideals expressed in the West Point
West Point
motto: “Duty, Honor, Country.” His extraordinary accomplishments in the international arena have made a lasting and invaluable contribution to the national security of the United States.[1] Honors[edit]

This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (July 2011)

Awards and decorations[edit] His awards and decorations included the Silver Star
Silver Star
(three) with two oak leaf clusters, the Distinguished Flying Cross, the Legion of Merit with oak leaf cluster, the Bronze Star (four total, two for valor), and the Purple Heart.

   Silver Star
Silver Star
with two oak leaf clusters   Distinguished Flying Cross    Legion of Merit
Legion of Merit
with oak leaf cluster   Bronze Star   Purple Heart

See also[edit]

Biography portal United States
United States
Army portal

Ukrainian American Veterans

References[edit]

^ a b c d e f g h i j k Rich, Susan. "TDI Profile: Nicholas Krawciw" (PDF). The International TNDM Newsletter. The Depuy Institute. p. 28. Retrieved 16 June 2011.  ^ Casanova, lka Koznarska (18 December 1983). "interview: Col. Nicholas Krawciw,newly nominated brigadier general" (PDF). The Ukrainian Weekly. pp. 10–11. Retrieved 15 June 2011.  ^ Staff (2 August 1987). "Krawciw takes command of 3rd Infantry Division" (PDF). The Ukrainian Weekly. pp. 4–13. Retrieved 15 June 2011.  ^ a b c Polyakov, Leonid (2004). U.S.- Ukraine
Ukraine
Military Relations and the Value of Interoperability (PDF). Carlisle, Pennsylvania: Strategic Studies Institute. p. Appendix. ISBN 1-58487-170-9.  ^ Golash, Roman G. (2 July 1995). "Operation Peace Shield brings together Ukrainian and American troops" (PDF). The Ukrainian Weekly. pp. 11–19. Retrieved 16 June 2011. 

 This article incorporates public domain material from the United States
United States
Government document "2006 Distinguished Graduate Award". Further reading[edit]

Alex Lushnycky, Ukrainians of Greater Philadelphia
Philadelphia
(2007), ISBN 978-0-7385-5040-4 Tom Carhart, West Point
West Point
Warriors: Profiles of Duty, Honor, and Country in Battle (2002), ISBN 0-446-61125-5

External links[edit]

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