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The Nicaraguan Adjustment and Central American Relief Act or NACARA (Title II of Pub.L. 105–100) is a U.S. law passed in 1997 that provides various forms of immigration benefits and relief from deportation to certain Nicaraguans, Cubans, Salvadorans, Guatemalans, nationals of former Soviet bloc
Soviet bloc
countries and their dependents who had arrived as asylees. As these Central Americans overwhelmed the U.S. asylum program in the mid-1990s, their cases were left for NACARA to address. The legislation was authored by Florida Congressman Lincoln Diaz-Balart [1] and was included as part of the D.C. Appropriations Act for FY 1998.[2] Section 202 deals with Nicaraguans
Nicaraguans
(~95% of Section 202 beneficiaries) and Cubans
Cubans
(~5%), whereas Section 203 deals with Salvadorans (~65% of Sec. 203 beneficiaries), Guatemalans
Guatemalans
(~30%), and former Soviet Union nationals (~5%). Persons granted NACARA benefits are counted as legal permanent resident immigrants. The Nicaraguan Adjustment and Central American Relief Act stated that Nicaraguans, Cubans, Salvadorans, Guatemalans, nationals of former Soviet bloc
Soviet bloc
countries, and their dependents are able to become legal permanent residents of the United States provided that they were registered asylums seekers who had stayed in the United States for at least 5 years since December 1, 1995. Some conditions regulate this clause. The asylum seeker shall not possess a lack of labor certification. He or she must obtain a right of residence. Another reason leading to rejection would be the lack of a valid visa. Furthermore, the violation of a law leads to rejection of the request to become a legal resident. In the event of commission of certain enumerated offenses, the asylum seeker will be denied relief. References[edit]

^ "Bill Summary & Status 105th Congress (1997 - 1998) H.R.2302". Library of Congress. Retrieved 3 January 2014.  ^ "DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA APPROPRIATIONS ACT, 1998 (House of Representatives - November 12, 1997)". Congressional Record. Retrieved 3 January 2014. 

External links[edit]

Immigration
Immigration
Through the Nicaraguan Adjustment and Central American Relief Act (NACARA) Section 203

Year NACARA 202 NACARA 203

1998 1 0

1999 11,267 573

2000 23,641 8,015

2001 18,926 19,349

2002 9,496 21,603

2003 2,577 27,100

2004 2,292 30,136

2005 1,155 15,597

2006 661 25,950

2007 340 11,779

2008 296 8,359

2009 296 4,764

2010 248 3,705

2011 158 3,224

2012 183 2,803

2013 138 1,607

2014 70 1,656

Total 71,745 186,220

v t e

Immigration
Immigration
to the United States and related topics

Relevant colonial era, United States and international laws

Colonial era

Nationality law in the American Colonies Plantation Act 1740

18th century

Naturalization Act 1790 / 1795 / 1798

19th century

Naturalization Law 1802 Civil Rights Act of 1866 14th Amendment (1868) Naturalization Act 1870 Page Act (1875) Immigration
Immigration
Act of 1882 Chinese Exclusion (1882) Scott Act (1888) Immigration
Immigration
Act of 1891 Geary Act
Geary Act
(1892)

1900–1949

Naturalization Act 1906 Gentlemen's Agreement (1907) Immigration
Immigration
Act of 1907 Immigration
Immigration
Act 1917 (Asian Barred Zone) Emergency Quota Act
Emergency Quota Act
(1921) Cable Act
Cable Act
(1922) Immigration
Immigration
Act 1924 Tydings–McDuffie Act
Tydings–McDuffie Act
(1934) Filipino Repatriation Act (1935) Nationality Act of 1940 Bracero Program (1942–1964) Magnuson Act
Magnuson Act
(1943) War Brides Act (1945) Luce–Celler Act (1946)

1950–1999

UN Refugee Convention (1951) Immigration
Immigration
and Nationality Act 1952 / 1965 Refugee Act
Refugee Act
(1980) Immigration
Immigration
Reform and Control Act (1986) American Homecoming Act
American Homecoming Act
(1989) Immigration
Immigration
Act 1990 Illegal Immigration
Immigration
Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act (IIRIRA) (1996) Nicaraguan Adjustment and Central American Relief Act (NACARA) (1997) American Competitiveness and Workforce Improvement Act (ACWIA) (1998)

21st century

American Competitiveness in the 21st Century Act (AC21) (2000) Legal Immigration
Immigration
Family Equity Act (LIFE Act) (2000) H-1B Visa Reform Act (2004) REAL ID Act
REAL ID Act
(2005) Secure Fence Act (2006) DACA (2012) Executive Order 13769
Executive Order 13769
(2017) Executive Order 13780
Executive Order 13780
(2017)

Visas and policies

Visa policy

Permanent residence Visa Waiver Program Temporary protected status Asylum Green Card Lottery

US-VISIT Security Advisory Opinion E-Verify Section 287(g) National Origins Formula

Government organizations

Department of Homeland Security Immigration
Immigration
and Customs Enforcement U.S. Border Patrol U.S. Customs and Border Protection Immigration
Immigration
and Naturalization Service (INS) Board of Immigration
Immigration
Appeals

Supreme Court cases

United States v. Wong Kim Ark
United States v. Wong Kim Ark
(1898) United States v. Bhagat Singh Thind
United States v. Bhagat Singh Thind
(1923) United States v. Brignoni-Ponce
United States v. Brignoni-Ponce
(1975) Chamber of Commerce v. Whiting
Chamber of Commerce v. Whiting
(2011)

Related issues and events

Economic impact Eugenics in the United States Guest worker program Human trafficking Human smuggling

Coyotaje

Immigration
Immigration
reform Immigration
Immigration
reduction Mexico–United States barrier Labor shortage March for America Illegal immigrant population Reverse immigration 2006 protests Unaccompanied minors from Central America List of people deported from the United States

Geography

Mexico–United States border Canada–United States border United States Border Patrol interior checkpoints

Proposed legislation

DREAM Act
DREAM Act
(2001–2010) H.R. 4437 (2005) McCain–Kennedy (2005) SKIL (2006) Comprehensive Immigration
Immigration
Reform Act 2006 STRIVE Act (2007) Comprehensive Immigration
Immigration
Reform Act 2007 Uniting American Families Act
Uniting American Families Act
(2000–2013) Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration
Immigration
Modernization Act of 2013 SAFE Act (2015) RAISE Act
RAISE Act
(2017)

Immigration
Immigration
stations and points of entry

Angel Island Castle Garden East Boston Ellis Island Sullivan's Island Washington Avenue

Operations

"Wetback" (1954) "Peter Pan" (1960–1962) "Babylift" (1975) "Gatekeeper" (1994) "Endgame" (2003–2012) "Front Line" (2004–2005) "Streamline" (2005–present) "Return to Sender" (2006–2007) "Jump Start" (2006–2008) "Phalanx" (2010–2016)

State legislation

California DREAM Act
DREAM Act
(2006–2010) Arizona SB 1070
Arizona SB 1070
(2010) Alabama HB 56 (2011)

Non-governmental organizations

Arizona Border Recon Coalition for Humane Immigrant Rights of Los Angeles Coalition for Comprehensive Immigration
Immigration
Reform National Immigration
Immigration
Forum Center for Community Change We Are America Alliance CASA of Maryland Mexica Movement Mexicans Without Borders Federation for American Immigration
Immigration
Reform Minuteman Project Minuteman Civil Defense Corps California Coalition for Immigration
Immigration
Reform Save Our State Center for Immigration
Immigration
Studies National Korean American Service & Education Consortium (NAKASEC) NumbersUSA Negative Population Growth Migration Policy Institute Utah Compact Center for Migration Studies of New York

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