The NIšAVA or NISHAVA (Bulgarian and Serbian Cyrillic :
Нишава, Serbian pronunciation: ) is a river in
Serbia , a right tributary , and with a length of 218 km also the
longest one, of the
South Morava .
* 3 Characteristics and importance
* 5 References
* 6 See also
* 7 External links
Nišava originates in western Bulgaria, in the Stara Planina
mountains (east of
Kom Peak ) near the village of Gintsi . Its source
is close to the Serbian border. It enters
Serbia after 67 km of flow
Bulgaria without receiving any major tributaries.
Because it flows through Gintsi, the upper course of the river is
known as Ginska (Cyrillic: Гинска). It first flows to the south,
then sharply turns west into the
Godech Kettle, passing through
Razboishte , after which it forms a gorge. Coming out of the gorge, it
Kalotina , a major border crossing on the Bulgarian-Serbian
border (Kalotina-Gradina), and continues to the west into Serbia.
Flowing generally to the west for the remaining 151 km, it passes
near Dimitrovgrad ,
Bela Palanka ,
Niška Banja and
Niš , one
of the largest cities in Serbia, 10 km after which the
Južna Morava . However, with the rapid growth of
previous decades and its still fast growing suburbs, the banks of the
Nišava are urbanized almost to its mouth.
After being divided into districts in 1992, the
Niš as administrative center) is named after the river.
CHARACTERISTICS AND IMPORTANCE
The river belongs to the
Black Sea drainage basin . Its own drainage
area covers 3,950 km2 (1,237 km2 in
Bulgaria and 2,713 km2 in Serbia).
Nišava is not navigable. It is not only the longest tributary of
the Južna Morava, but also the largest one in terms of discharge (36
km3/s). It has many smaller tributaries, the most important being the
Temštica from the right, and the
Jerma (or Sukovska reka), Crvena
reka, Koritnička reka and Kutinska reka from the left.
Nišava valley is part of a major natural route that from ancient
times has connected
Asia : the route follows the valleys of
the Morava ,
Maritsa and onwards towards
Istanbul . Both the
Istanbul road and the
railway follow this route.
Nishava Cove in Rugged Island in the
South Shetland Islands
South Shetland Islands ,
Antarctica is named after Nishava.
In its Serbian part, the
Nišava carved a composite valley with
several depressions (Dimitrovgrad,
Pirot (or Basara; Cyrillic: