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Niš
Niš
(Serbian Cyrillic: Ниш, pronounced [nîːʃ] ( listen)) is the third largest city in Serbia
Serbia
and the administrative center of the Nišava
Nišava
District. According to the 2011 census, the urban area of Niš
Niš
has a population of 187,544, while the administrative area has a population of 260,237 inhabitants. It is one of the oldest cities in the Balkans
Balkans
and Europe, and has from ancient times been considered a gateway between the East and the West.[2] It was founded by the Scordisci
Scordisci
in 279 BC, after an invasion of the Balkans. The city was among several taken in the Roman conquest in 75 BC; the Romans built the Via Militaris
Via Militaris
in the 1st century, with Naissus
Naissus
being one of its key towns; it is also the birthplace of Constantine the Great, the first Christian Emperor and the founder of Constantinople, and Constantius III
Constantius III
and Justin I. It is home to one of the oldest churches in Serbia, dating to the 4th century, located in the suburb of Mediana. The Balkans
Balkans
came under the Byzantine
Byzantine
Empire. In the 6th century, Slavs
Slavs
started settling the Balkans, while the town was held by the Byzantines until the 9th century, when it came under Bulgar rule. The town switched hands between the two, before being given by the Byzantines to the Serbs
Serbs
in the 12th century. Niš
Niš
served as Stefan Nemanja's capital. It was conquered by the Ottomans in the 15th century, becoming the seat of a sanjak initially in Rumelia Eyalet (1385-1443, 1448-1846), laterly in Niš Eyalet
Niš Eyalet
(1846-1864) and finally in Danube Vilayet
Danube Vilayet
(1864-1878). It was liberated by the Serbian Army in 1878 during the Serbian–Ottoman War (1876–78). Niš
Niš
is one of the most important industrial centers in Serbia, a center of electronics industry (see Elektronska Industrija Niš), industry of mechanical engineering, textile and tobacco industry. Constantine the Great
Constantine the Great
Airport is its international airport. In 2013 the city was host to the celebration of 1700 years of Constantine's Edict of Milan.[3]

Contents

1 Name 2 History

2.1 Independent Serbia 2.2 During the age and breakup of Yugoslavia 2.3 2000–present

3 Geography

3.1 Climate

4 Demographics

4.1 Ethnic composition

5 Administrative divisions 6 Politics 7 Economy 8 Industry 9 Transportation 10 Culture

10.1 Theatre 10.2 Music

11 Tourism

11.1 Tourist sites 11.2 Architecture and monuments

12 Sport 13 Notable residents 14 Local media 15 International relations

15.1 Twin towns — sister cities 15.2 Other forms of cooperation and city friendship

16 References 17 External links

Name[edit]

Niš
Niš
from space.

The town was named after the Nišava
Nišava
River, which flows through the city and which was named Navissos by the Celtic in the 3rd century BC; it was then known as Roman Naissus, Byzantine
Byzantine
Nysos and Slavic Niš. Legend has it that Niš
Niš
was founded by a Prince Nisa, who built it using the nearby Humska Čuka stone.[citation needed] It has been called The Emperor's City.[4] The name is sometimes rendered Nish or Nissa in English. History[edit] Main article: History of Niš

Frescoes from Tombs of Naissus.

Constantine the Great
Constantine the Great
Roman Emperor
Roman Emperor
from 306 to 337 AD was born in Niš
Niš
(Naissus).

Archaeological evidence shows neolithic settlements in the city and area dating from 5,000 to 2,000 BCE.[5][better source needed] A notable archeological site is Humska Čuka. The ethnogenesis of the Thracians
Thracians
started in the Iron Age, and one of their chief towns was Aiadava, the Roman Remesiana; specifically, the Triballi
Triballi
dwelled in this region, mentioned as early as 424 BC. In 279 BC, during the Gallic invasion of the Balkans, the Scordisci
Scordisci
tribe defeated the Triballi
Triballi
and settled the lands, at which time the city was known as Navissos.[6] At the time of the conquest of the Balkans
Balkans
by Rome in 168-75 BC, Naissos (Latin: Naissus) was used as a base for operations. Naissus
Naissus
was first mentioned in Roman documents near the beginning of 2nd century CE, and was considered a place worthy of note in the Geography of Ptolemy
Ptolemy
of Alexandria. The Romans occupied the town in the period of the "Dardanian War" (75-73 BC), and set up a legionary camp.[7] The city (called refugia and vici in pre-Roman relation), because of its strategic position (the Thracians
Thracians
were based to the south[7]) developed as an important garrison and market town of the province of Moesia
Moesia
Superior.[8] In 272 AD, the future Emperor Constantine the Great
Constantine the Great
was born in Naissus. Constantine created the Dacia Mediterranea province of which Naissus was the capital and also included Remesiana
Remesiana
of the Via Militaris
Via Militaris
and the towns of Pautalia and Germania. He lived at Naissus
Naissus
in short periods from 316-322.[9] In 364 AD, Imperial Villa Mediana, 3 km (2 mi) from Naissus
Naissus
was the site where emperors Valentinian and Valens met and divided the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
and ruled as co-emperors[10]

Remains of the luxurious residence palace of Mediana, erected by Constantine I
Constantine I
near his birth town of Naissus.

It was besieged by the Huns
Huns
in 441, devastated again in 448, and again in 480, when the partly rebuilt town was demolished by the Barbarians. Byzantine
Byzantine
Emperor Justinian I
Justinian I
restored the town but it was destroyed by the Avars once again. The Slavs, in their campaign against Byzantium, conquered Niš
Niš
and settled here in 540. In 805, the town and its surroundings were taken by Bulgarian Emperor Krum.[11] In the 11th century Byzantium took control over Niš
Niš
and the surrounding area again. During the People's Crusade, on 3 July 1096, Peter the Hermit
Peter the Hermit
clashed with Byzantine
Byzantine
forces at Niš. Manuel I fortified the town, but his successor, Andronikos I, could not hold it, so Niš
Niš
was seized by the Hungarian king Béla III. The town was in Byzantine
Byzantine
hands for some time again, then, in 1185, it came under Serbian control. By 1188, Niš
Niš
became Nemanja's capital.[12] On 27 July 1189, Nemanja received German emperor Frederick Barbarossa
Frederick Barbarossa
and his 100,000 crusaders at Niš.[13] When describing Serbia
Serbia
during the rule of Vukan in 1202, the mentioning of Niš
Niš
shows its special status.[14] In 1203, Kaloyan of Bulgaria
Bulgaria
annexed Niš.[15] Stefan Nemanjić
Stefan Nemanjić
later regained the region. The fall of the Serbian state, conquered by Sultan Murad I
Murad I
in 1385, decided the fate of Niš
Niš
as well. After a 25-day-long siege the city fell to the Turks. It was returned to Serbian rule in 1443. Niš succumbed to Ottomans rule again in 1448. and remained thus for the following 241 years. In the period of Ottomans rule, Niš
Niš
was one of the seats of Turkish military and civil administration. A Silesian traveler stated in 1596 that the road of his trip from Sofia
Sofia
to Niš was filled with corpses and described the gates of Nis as standing in front of freshly beheaded heads of poor Bulgarian peasants by the Ottoman army.[16] In 1689, Niš
Niš
was seized by Austrian army during Great Turkish War, but Turks regained it in 1690. In 1737, Niš
Niš
was seized again, but this time by the Austrian army, in their campaign against the Turks. The Turks retreated and the Austrians reconstructed the Fortress. However, in that same year, the Turks advanced again, and Niš
Niš
fell to the Turks without resistance.

Siege of Niš
Niš
, Crusaders
Crusaders
attacking Niš
Niš
on 4 July 1096.

Battle of Čegar
Battle of Čegar
monument.

During the First Serbian Uprising, Serbian revolutionaries attempted to liberate Niš
Niš
in 1809 when the famous Battle of Čegar
Battle of Čegar
took place. After the defeat of the Serbian forces, the Ottoman commander of Niš ordered that the heads of the killed Serbs
Serbs
were to be mounted on a tower to serve as a warning. The tower is known as the Skull Tower (Ćele Kula). In 1821, the Ottomans arrested the Bishop of Niš Milentija and 200 Serbian patriots on charges of preparing an uprising in the Niš
Niš
area, in support of the Greek War of Independence. On 13 June of that year, Bishop Milentija and other Serbian leaders were hanged in public. In the 19th century Niš
Niš
was an important town, but populated by Bulgarians in the 19th century, when the Niš
Niš
rebellion broke out in 1841.[17] According to Ottoman statistics during the Tanzimat
Tanzimat
the population of Sanjak of Niš was treated as Bulgarian[18] and according to French travelers such as Jérôme-Adolphe Blanqui
Jérôme-Adolphe Blanqui
and Ami Boue in 1837/1841. According to all authors between 1840-72 the delineation between Bulgarians and Serbs
Serbs
is undisputed and ran north of Nis,[19] although one author Cyprien Robert claims that half of the population of the town was made up by Serbians.[20] The Serbian cartographers (such as Dimitrije Davidović in 1828 and Milan Savić in 1878) also accepted South Morava
South Morava
river as such delineation and added Niš
Niš
outside the borders of the Serbian people.[19][21] The urban Muslim population of Niš
Niš
consisted mainly of Turks, of which a part were of Albanian origin, and the rest were Muslim Albanians
Albanians
and Muslim Romani.[22][23] In 1870, Niš
Niš
was included in the Bulgarian Exarchate.,[24] before the area had been under the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople
Constantinople
and the Serbian Patriarchate of Peć. The city was also stipulated the area to be ceded to Bulgaria
Bulgaria
according to the Constantinople Conference in 1876.[25] Niš
Niš
was finally liberated during the Serbian-Turkish Wars (1876-1878). The battle for the liberation of Niš
Niš
started on 29 December 1877 and the Serbian Army entered in Niš on 11 January 1878 and Niš
Niš
became a part of the Serbian state. During the Serbian–Ottoman War (1876–1878)
Serbian–Ottoman War (1876–1878)
the Albanian neighbourhood was burned and some of the Muslim population of Niš
Niš
fled to the Ottoman vilayet of Kosovo resettling in Pristina
Pristina
where they dominated trade while others went to Skopje.[22][26][23] The number of remaining Muslims counted were 1,168, with many being Muslim Romani, out of the pre-war ca. 8,500.[27][23] The demographics of Niš
Niš
underwent change whereby Serbs
Serbs
who formed half the urban population prior to 1878 became 80 percent in 1884.[28] Independent Serbia[edit]

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Tram in Niš
Niš
1930.

Niš
Niš
market, postcard.

In the following years, the city saw rapid development. The city library was founded in 1879, and its first clerk was Stevan Sremac. The first hotel, Europe, was built in 1879; shortly after a hospital and the first bank started operating in 1881. In 1878, the first Grammar School (Gimnazija), in 1882 the Teacher Training College, and in 1894, the Girls' College were founded in Niš. In 1895, Niš
Niš
had one girls' and three boys' primary schools. The City Hall was built from 1882-87. In 1883, Kosta Čendaš established the first printing house. In 1884, the first newspaper in the city Niški Vesnik was started. In 1884, Jovan Apel built a brewery. A railway line to Niš
Niš
was built in 1884, as well as the city's railway station; on 8 August 1884, the first train arrived from Belgrade. Since 1885, Niš
Niš
was the last station of the Orient Express, until the railroad was built between Niš
Niš
and Sofia
Sofia
in 1888. In 1887 Mihailo Dimić founded the " Niš
Niš
Theatre Sinđelić." In 1897 Mita Ristić founded the textile factory Nitex. In 1905 female painter Nadežda Petrović
Nadežda Petrović
established the Sićevo art colony. The first film was screened in 1897, and the first permanent movie theater started operating in 1906.[29] Hydroelectric dam in Sićevo Gorge on Nišava
Nišava
was built in 1908; at the time, it was the largest in Serbia. The airfield was built in 1912 on the Trupale field, and the first airplane arrived on 29 December 1912. City Museum was founded in 1913, hosting archaeological, ethnographic and art collections. During the First Balkan War, Niš
Niš
was the seat of The Main Headquarters of Serbian Army, who led the military operations against the Ottoman Empire. In World War I, Niš
Niš
was the wartime capital of Serbia, hosting the Government and the National Assembly, until Central Powers
Central Powers
conquered Serbia
Serbia
in November 1915, when the city was ceded to Bulgaria. After the breakthrough of the Thessaloniki
Thessaloniki
Front, First Serbian Army commanded by general Petar Bojović
Petar Bojović
liberated Niš on 12 October 1918.

Niš
Niš
Fortress.

During the age and breakup of Yugoslavia[edit]

Monument to Alexander I Karađorđević in Niš

Niš
Niš
main square.

In the first few years after the war, Niš
Niš
was recovering from the damage. In 1921, Niš
Niš
became the centre of the Region (oblast), governed by a grand-župan, appointed by royal decree. From 1929-41, Niš
Niš
was the capital of the Morava Banovina
Morava Banovina
of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. The tram system in Niš
Niš
started to run in November 1930. The national airline Aeroput
Aeroput
included Niš
Niš
as a regular destination for the route Belgrade—Niš—Skopje— Thessaloniki
Thessaloniki
on 1930. During the time of German occupation in World War II, the first Nazi concentration camp in Yugoslavia was located in Niš. About 30,000 people passed through this camp, of whom over 10,000 were shot on nearby Bubanj
Bubanj
hill. On 12 February 1942, 147 prisoners staged a mass escape. In 1944, the city was heavily bombed by the Allies.[30] On 14 October 1944, after a long and exhausting battle, the 7th German SS Division 'Prinz Eugen' was defeated and Niš
Niš
was liberated by Bulgarian Army,[31][32][33] and Partisans. The city was also the site of a unique and accidental friendly fire air war on November 7, 1944 between the air forces of the United States
United States
and Soviet Union. On June 23, 1948, Niš
Niš
was the site of a catastrophic flood during which the Nišava
Nišava
river's water level raised by an unprecedented 5.5 meters.[34] After World War II, the University of Niš
University of Niš
was founded on 15 June 1965. Over the course of the 1999 NATO
NATO
bombing of Yugoslavia, Niš
Niš
was subject to airstrikes on 40 occasions.[35] On May 7, 1999, the city was the site of a NATO
NATO
cluster bomb raid which killed up to 16 civilians.[35] By the end of the NATO
NATO
bombing campaign, a total of 56 people in Niš
Niš
had been killed from airstrikes.[35] 2000–present[edit] In April 2012, the Russian-Serbian Humanitarian Center was established in the city of Niš. In December 2017, a new building of Clinical Centre of Niš
Niš
spreading over 45,000 square meters was opened.[36] Geography[edit] The road running from the north down the Morava River valley forks into two major lines at Niš: the southern line, leading to Thessalonica
Thessalonica
and Athens, and the eastern one leading towards Sofia
Sofia
and Istanbul.[citation needed]

Suva Planina
Suva Planina
(Dry Mountain) surrounds the city

Niš
Niš
is situated at the 43°19' latitude north and 21°54' longitude east, in the Nišava
Nišava
valley, near the spot where it joins the South Morava. The main city square, the city's central part, is at 194 m (636 ft) above sea level. The highest point in the city area is "Sokolov kamen" (Falcon's rock) on the Suva Planina
Suva Planina
(Dry Mountain) (1,523 m (4,997 ft)) while the lowest spot is at Trupale, near the mouth of the Nišava
Nišava
(173 m (568 ft)). The city covers 596.71 square kilometres (230 sq mi) of five municipalities. Below Niska Banja and Nis, under the ground is a natural source of hot water, unique potential of clean and renewable geothermal energy at the surface of up to 65 square kilometers. The natural reservoir is at a depth of 500 to 800 meters, and the estimated capacity is about 400 million cubic meters of thermal mineral water.[37] Climate[edit] Average annual temperature in the area of Niš
Niš
is 11.9 °C (53.4 °F). July is the warmest month of the year, with an average of 22.5 °C (72.5 °F). The coldest month is January, averaging at 0.6 °C (33.1 °F). The average of the annual rainfall is 580.3 mm (22.85 in). The average barometer value is 992.74 mb. On average, there are 134 days with rain and snow cover lasts for 41 days.

Climate data for Niš
Niš
(1981–2010, extremes 1940–present)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 21.7 (71.1) 24.0 (75.2) 33.5 (92.3) 33.0 (91.4) 35.3 (95.5) 40.3 (104.5) 44.2 (111.6) 42.2 (108) 39.6 (103.3) 35.0 (95) 29.0 (84.2) 22.2 (72) 44.2 (111.6)

Average high °C (°F) 5.0 (41) 7.5 (45.5) 13.0 (55.4) 18.4 (65.1) 23.8 (74.8) 27.1 (80.8) 29.8 (85.6) 30.1 (86.2) 25.0 (77) 19.3 (66.7) 11.9 (53.4) 6.1 (43) 18.1 (64.6)

Daily mean °C (°F) 0.6 (33.1) 2.4 (36.3) 7.0 (44.6) 12.2 (54) 17.1 (62.8) 20.4 (68.7) 22.5 (72.5) 22.3 (72.1) 17.4 (63.3) 12.3 (54.1) 6.4 (43.5) 2.1 (35.8) 11.9 (53.4)

Average low °C (°F) −2.2 (28) −1.4 (29.5) 2.3 (36.1) 6.4 (43.5) 11.0 (51.8) 13.8 (56.8) 15.4 (59.7) 15.4 (59.7) 11.5 (52.7) 7.4 (45.3) 2.6 (36.7) −0.8 (30.6) 6.8 (44.2)

Record low °C (°F) −23.7 (−10.7) −21.6 (−6.9) −13.2 (8.2) −5.6 (21.9) −1.0 (30.2) 4.2 (39.6) 4.1 (39.4) 4.6 (40.3) −2.2 (28) −6.8 (19.8) −14.0 (6.8) −16.6 (2.1) −23.7 (−10.7)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 38.8 (1.528) 36.8 (1.449) 42.5 (1.673) 56.6 (2.228) 58.0 (2.283) 57.3 (2.256) 44.0 (1.732) 46.7 (1.839) 48.0 (1.89) 45.5 (1.791) 54.8 (2.157) 51.5 (2.028) 580.3 (22.846)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 13 13 12 13 12 11 9 8 9 9 11 14 134

Average snowy days 10 9 5 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 8 37

Average relative humidity (%) 80 74 66 63 65 65 61 61 69 73 77 81 70

Mean monthly sunshine hours 64.5 93.3 147.8 171.5 220.9 251.2 286.7 274.3 201.9 150.5 85.9 49.4 1,997.7

Source #1: Republic Hydrometeorological Service of Serbia[38]

Source #2: Meteo Climat (record highs and lows)[39]

Demographics[edit] See also: Demographic history of Niš

Historical population

Year Pop. ±%

1878 12,801 —    

1884 16,178 +26.4%

1890 19,877 +22.9%

1895 21,524 +8.3%

1900 24,573 +14.2%

1905 21,946 −10.7%

1910 24,949 +13.7%

1921 28,625 +14.7%

1931 35,465 +23.9%

1941 44,800 +26.3%

1948 49,332 +10.1%

1953 58,656 +18.9%

1961 81,250 +38.5%

1971 127,654 +57.1%

1981 161,376 +26.4%

1991 173,250 +7.4%

2002 173,724 +0.3%

2011 183,544 +5.7%

Source: Становништво, национална или етничка припадност, подаци по насељима, Републички завод за статистику[40]

Cathedral of Holy Trinity.

The Catholic church of the Sacred Heart.

According to the final results from the 2011 census, the population of urban area of Niš
Niš
was 183,544,[41] while its administrative area had a population of 260,237.[41] There is still much dispute about the true population of the city, since there are tens of thousands of Kosovo Serb refugees who officially don't live in the city, but are living there with their local family members.[citation needed] A total of 70.38% of the city’s population is living in urban areas. The city of Niš
Niš
has 87,975 households with 2,96 members on average, while the number of homes is 119,196.[42] Religion structure in the city of Niš
Niš
is predominantly Serbian Orthodox (240,765), with minorities like Muslims (2,486), Catholics (809), Protestants (258), Atheists (109) and others.[43] Most of the population speaks Serbian language
Serbian language
(249,949).[43] The composition of population by sex and average age:[43]

Male - 126,645 (40.90 years) and Female - 133,592 (42.81 years).

A total of 120,562 citizens (older than 15 years) have secondary education (53.81%), while the 51,471 citizens have higher education (23.0%). Of those with higher education, 34,409 (15.4%) have university education.[44] Ethnic composition[edit] The ethnic composition of the city of Niš:[45]

Demographics of Niš

Ethnic group City Urban

Serbs 243,381 174,225

Romani 6,996 5,490

Montenegrins 659 579

Bulgarians 927 741

Yugoslavs 202 202

Croats 398 344

Others 7,674 1,963

Total 260,237 183,544

Administrative divisions[edit]

Niška Banja
Niška Banja
- Spa, is one of the five city municipalities of the City.

The city of Niš
Niš
consists of five municipalities. The first four municipalities are located in the urban area of Niš, while Niška Banja is a suburban municipality. Before 2002, the city of Niš
Niš
had only two municipalities, one of them named "Niš" and another named "Niška Banja". The city of Niš
Niš
includes further neighborhoods:

Medijana    Palilula, Niš    Pantelej    Crveni Krst    Niška Banja   

Center Palilula Pantelej Crveni Krst Niška Banja

Marger Staro Groblje Jagodin Mala (partly) Beograd Mala nas. Nikola Tesla (broj 6)

Trg Kralja Aleksandra Crni put Durlan Jagodin Mala (partly) Jelašnica

Kičevo Bubanj Komren (partly) Komren (mostly) Sićevo

Čair Ledena Stena Čalije Šljaka Ostrovica

Bulevar Nemanjića Suvi Do Somborska Medosevac Prva Kutina

Bulevar Djindjica Apelovac Vrežina   Radikina Bara

Medijana Kovanluk     Prosek

Trošarina Tutunović Podrum     Čukljenik

Duvanište Kalač Brdo Kurča Greda   Donja i gornja Studena

Brzi Brod Gabrovačka reka     Kurča Greda

Politics[edit] See also: List of mayors of Niš

This article needs to be updated. Please update this section to reflect recent events or newly available information. (November 2015)

Economy[edit] The city of Niš
Niš
is the administrative, industrial, commercial, financial and cultural center of the south-eastern part of Republic of Serbia. The position of Niš
Niš
is strategically important, located at the intersection of European highway and railway networks connecting Europe with Asia. Niš
Niš
is easily accessible, having an airport – Niš
Niš
Constantine the Great
Constantine the Great
Airport and being a point of intersection of numerous railroad and highway lines.

Panorama picture of the city in twilight.

Panorama picture of the Square of the King Milan I.

It is in Niš
Niš
that the trunk road running from the north down the Morava River valley forks into two major lines:

the south one, leading to Thessalonica
Thessalonica
and Athens, along the Vardar River valley, and the east one, running along the Nisava
Nisava
and the Marica, leading towards Sofia
Sofia
and Istanbul, and further on, towards the Near East.

These roads have been widely known from ancient times, because they represented the beaten tracks along which peoples, goods and armies moved. Known as 'Via Militaris' in Roman and Byzantine
Byzantine
periods, or ' Constantinople
Constantinople
road' in Middle Ages, these roads still represent major European traffic arteries. Niš
Niš
thus stands at a point of intersection of the roads connecting Asia Minor to Europe, and the Black Sea
Black Sea
to the Mediterranean. Nis had been a relatively developed city in the former Yugoslavia. In 1981, its GDP per capita was 110% of the Yugoslav average.[46] The following table gives a preview of total number of employed people per their core activity (as of 2016):[47]

Activity Total

Agriculture, forestry and fishing 196

Mining 79

Processing industry 16,060

Distribution of power, gas and water 900

Distribution of water and water waste management 1,794

Construction 2,937

Wholesale and retail, repair 13,326

Traffic, storage and communication 5,604

Hotels and restaurants 2,877

Media and telecommunications 2,410

Finance and insurance 1,508

Property stock and charter 95

Professional, scientific, innovative and technical activities 2,947

Administrative and other services 3,282

Administration and social assurance 3,857

Education 6,360

Healthcare and social work 8,318

Art, leisure and recreation 1,249

Other services 1,604

Total 75,311

Industry[edit]

Main Post office

Niš
Niš
is one of the most important industrial centers in Serbia, well known for its tobacco, electronics, construction, mechanical-engineering, textile, nonferrous-metal, food-processing and rubber-goods industries.

Court house in Niš

Niš
Niš
Tobacco
Tobacco
Factory was built and opened in 1930 at the present location at Crveni Krst. Its basic production is that of tobacco, cigarettes, filters, the elements of tobacco machinery and equipment, adhesives, etc. In 1995 a scientific-research institute was built. The Institute selects, produces and protects tobacco, and creates and designs new products. During Operation Allied Force
Operation Allied Force
the company was destroyed, allowing Philip Morris to purchase it for a low price. In August 2003, The Philip Morris Corporation purchased the Niš
Niš
Tobacco
Tobacco
Factory (DIN) through the privatization process. Philip Morris' total investment of EUR 580 million makes it the single largest foreign investor in Serbia of the Year 2003. Construction industry

Gradjevinar, stock company - originated from the construction firm of Niš
Niš
County called Grapon in 1961. Gradjevinar has built large structural complexes such as shopping centers, apartment buildings, entire campuses and sections of cities in Niš, Belgrade, East Serbia, Russia, Bulgaria, Israel, Jordan and the United Arabic Emirates. The company has built:

more than 30,000 apartments, of approximately 180,000 square meters, clinics, health facilities and hospitals, of approximately 80,000 square meters, department stores, malls of approximately 50,000 square meters, hotels, tourist sites, banks, schools, theaters, sports facilities of approximately 50,000 square meters, various warehouses, factories, farms and cold-storage buildings of approximately 150,000 square meters.

Niš
Niš
Forum shopping centre

Business center Kalča

Nišava
Nišava
river.

Electronics Industry

Elektronska Industrija Niš
Elektronska Industrija Niš
- Holding Corporation, stock corporation - originated from the foundation of the Institute for the Production of Radio Sets and Roentgen Machines, "RR Niš", in 1948. The basic production encompasses acoustic equipment, electronic tubes, specific installations, printed plates, electronic machine elements, hydraulics, pneumatics, appliances, air-conditioners, medical equipment, X-ray
X-ray
machines.

Old Fountain

Rubber-goods Industry

Vulkan, stock company was built and opened in 1937. Its production is large in scope and comprises various rubber-technical articles with numerous applications in mining and the construction industry (transporters and cranes).

Nonferrous-metal industry

NISSAL - Stock corporation for aluminum produces tools, metal reproductive materials, metal, wooden and other material constructions, and collects and treats industrial refuse.

Machinery
Machinery
industry

The Pump Factory "Jastrebac" founded in 1910., produces more than 1,000 different types and sizes of mechanical pumps.

University of Niš

Mašinska Industrija Niš
Mašinska Industrija Niš
( Machinery
Machinery
Industry
Industry
of Niš) Holding, stock corporation founded in 1884, produces various machines, various types of equipment: chemical, petrochemical, mining, metallurgy, railway-transport, diesel-locomotive, pump, hydro- and thermonuclear, water and gas treatment. In 1993 MIN was transformed into a holding company of 37 joint-stock units, 24 of which deal with basic production, six with services, and seven with specialized business.

Textile
Textile
Industry

Nitex - Niš
Niš
Textile
Textile
Industry
Industry
produces fabrics, knitted material, continuous embroidery, clothes, etc. The company was founded 1897. by Niš
Niš
capitalist Mita Ristić with his sons (Dušan and Dragoljub). In 2011. Nitex - Niš
Niš
was sold to the Benetton

Food-processing industry

Žitopek, a stock company for the production and trade of bakery goods, was established on 3 March 1947 when 14 bakers formally signed a contract by which they were to join their workshops into "Žitopek". The Brewery of Niš, a stock company which produces beer and non-alcoholic drinks. The brewery was founded in 1884 by Jovan Apel.

Transportation[edit]

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Railway station in Niš.

Niš
Niš
Constantine the Great
Constantine the Great
Airport.

Niš Bus Station
Niš Bus Station
in the evening.

Niš
Niš
is strategically located between the Morava river valley in North and the Vardar
Vardar
river valley in the south, on the main route between Greece
Greece
and Central Europe. In the Niš
Niš
area, this major transportation and communication route is linked with the natural corridor formed by the Nišava
Nišava
river valley, which runs towards East in the direction of Sofia
Sofia
and Istanbul. Historically, because of its location, the city had always great importance in the region. The first to take advantage of it was the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
that built the important road Via Militaris, linking the city with Singidunum (current Belgrade) to the North and Constantinople
Constantinople
(current Istanbul) to the southeast. Nowadays, the city is connected by the highway E75 with Belgrade
Belgrade
and Central Europe in north, and Skopje, Thessaloniki
Thessaloniki
and Athens
Athens
in the south. The road E80 connects Niš
Niš
with Sofia, Istanbul
Istanbul
towards the Middle East, and Pristina, Montenegro
Montenegro
and the Adriatic Sea
Adriatic Sea
to the West. The road E771 connects the city with Zaječar, Kladovo
Kladovo
and Drobeta-Turnu Severin
Drobeta-Turnu Severin
in Romania. The city is also a major regional railway junction linking Serbia
Serbia
to Sofia
Sofia
and Istanbul. The Niš
Niš
Constantine the Great
Constantine the Great
airport is the second most important airport in Serbia. The first airfield was built in 1910. The city public transportation consists nowadays by 13 bus lines. A tram system existed in Niš
Niš
between 1930 and 1958.[48] Niš Bus Station is the city's largest and main bus station which offers both local urban and intercity transport to international destinations. The largest intercity bus carrier based in the city is Niš-Ekspres, which operates to various cities and villages in Serbia, Montenegro, and Bosnia and Herzegovina.[citation needed] Culture[edit] See also: Culture of Serbia

National Theatre in Niš.

Theatre[edit]

The Film Festival – a Festival of Serbian Actors held since 1966.

Niš
Niš
is a home of National Theatre in Niš, that was founded as "Sinđelić" Theatre
"Sinđelić" Theatre
in 1889. Music[edit] From 1981 Niš
Niš
is the host of Nišville
Nišville
International Jazz music festival which begins in mid-August and lasts for 4 days. Galija, Kerber
Kerber
and Eyot are considered the most notable music bands to have originated from Niš. Other notable Niš
Niš
music acts include Daltoni, Dobri Isak, Lutajuća Srca, Mama Rock, Hazari, Novembar, Trivalia
Trivalia
and others. Tourism[edit] Tourist sites[edit]

Tinkers Alley
Tinkers Alley
, old urban downtown built in the first half of 18th century.

Skull Tower.

Bubanj
Bubanj
Memorial Park.

Čegar
Čegar
– The place where Battle on Čegar
Čegar
Hill took place on 19 May 1809. Crveni Krst concentration camp
Crveni Krst concentration camp
– One of the few preserved Nazi concentration camps in Europe. It is located on 12 February Boulevard. Memorial to Constantine the Great
Constantine the Great
– built in the city centre in 2013, in commemoration to Constantine the Great
Constantine the Great
who was born in the city, on the anniversary of the Edict of Milan. Bubanj
Bubanj
– Monument to fallen Yugoslav World War II fighters, forming the shape of three clenched fists. The place where 10,000 civilian hostages from Niš
Niš
and south Serbia
Serbia
were brutally murdered by German Nazis. Kalča, City passage and Gorča – Trade centers situated in Milana Obrenovića Street. Memorial Chapel in the memory of NATO
NATO
bombing victims - The chapel was built by local authorities while the monument was built by the State government in 1999. They are situated in Sumatovacka street near Niš Fortress. Niš Fortress
Niš Fortress
- The remaining fortification was built by the Turks, and dates from the first decades of the 18th century
18th century
(1719–23). It is situated in the city center. The fortress-cafes - They are situated near Stambol gate (the main gate of the fortress). Mediana
Mediana
- Archeological site, an Imperial villa, from the late Roman period located on the road leading to Sofia, Bulgaria, near EI Nis. Niška Banja
Niška Banja
( Niš
Niš
spa) - A very popular spa during the summer season. It is located at 10 km (6 mi) from city center on the road leading to Sofia, in the bottom of Suva Planina
Suva Planina
Mountain. Tinkers Alley
Tinkers Alley
- An old urban downtown zone in today's Kopitareva Street, built in the first half of 18th century. It was a street full of tinkers and other craftsmen, but today it is packed with cafes and restaurants. Skull Tower
Skull Tower
(Ćele Kula) - A monument to the Serbian revolutionaries (1804–13); a tower made out of skulls of Serbian uprisers, killed and decapitated by the Ottomans. It is situated on Zoran Đinđić Boulevard, on the old Constantinople
Constantinople
road leading to Sofia.

Architecture and monuments[edit] Buildings in Niš
Niš
are constantly being built. Niš
Niš
is the second largest city after Belgrade
Belgrade
for number of high-rises. The Ambassador Hotel is one of the tallest buildings in Niš, but there are also other buildings like TV5 Tower. Sport[edit]

Čair Sports Center
Čair Sports Center
hosted the group stage of 2012 European Men's Handball
Handball
Championship.

Čair Stadium
Čair Stadium
under construction 2012.

The city of Niš
Niš
is home to numerous sport clubs including Železničar Niš, Mašinac, OFK Niš, Jastrebac Proleter, Palilulac, Sinđelić Niš
Niš
and Radnički Niš. The biggest stadium in Niš
Niš
is the Stadion Čair, which is currently undergoing renovations and will have a total seating-capacity of 18,151 when renovations are completed.[49] The stadium is part of the Čair Sports Complex that also includes an indoor swimming pool and an indoor arena. Niš
Niš
was one of four towns which hosting the 2012 European Men's Handball
Handball
Championship. Notable residents[edit] The people listed below were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with the city of Niš, and its surrounding metropolitan area.

Statue of Stevan Sremac, hunter Kalča
Kalča
and Kalča's dog Čapa.

Nikola Uzunović (1873–1954) Prime Minister of Yugoslavia
Prime Minister of Yugoslavia
from April 1926 to April 1927.

Ivan Miljković, 2011 European Championship MVP

Nikola Karabatić, French handball player.

Nemanja Radulović, violinist.

Constantine I, the great, (Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantinus) – ruled 306 to 337 Constantius III, (Flavius Constantius) – ruled 421 Justin I, (Flavius Iustinus) – ruled 518 to 527 Stevan Sinđelić, war leader (vojvoda), died in 1809 in the Battle of Čegar. Stevan Sremac
Stevan Sremac
(1855–1906), writer, came to Niš
Niš
shortly after its liberation from the Turkish rule; wrote about life in old Niš
Niš
(Ivkova slava, Zona Zamfirova). Nikola Uzunović, (b. 1873), prime minister of Kingdom of Yugoslavia from 1926 to 1927. Dragiša Cvetković
Dragiša Cvetković
(1893–1969), prime minister of Kingdom of Yugoslavia from 1939 to 1941. Dušan Radović (1922–84), journalist and writer. Nadja Regin, (b. 1931), actress. Predrag Antonijević, (b. 1959), film director. Branko Miljković
Branko Miljković
(1934–61), poet. Šaban Bajramović
Šaban Bajramović
(1936–2008), Romani singer and composer. Kornelije Kovač
Kornelije Kovač
(b. 1942), rock musician and composer. Goran Paskaljević
Goran Paskaljević
(b. 1947), movie director; raised by his grandparents in Niš
Niš
1949-63, after the divorce of his parents. Dragan Pantelić (b. 1951), former football goalkeeper, president of Radnički Niš. Predrag Miletić
Predrag Miletić
(b. 1952), actor. Zoran Živković (b. 1954), handball player and coach, Olympic champion Aki Rahimovski
Aki Rahimovski
(b. 1954), rock musician. Nenad Milosavljević
Nenad Milosavljević
(b. 1954), rock musician. Biljana Krstić
Biljana Krstić
(b. 1959), rock and traditional music singer and songwriter. Zoran Živković (b. 1960), politician, a former Prime Minister of Serbia. Zoran Ćirić (b. 1962), writer. Aleksandar Šoštar
Aleksandar Šoštar
(b. 1964), water polo goalkeeper, Olympic, World and European champion. Dragan Stojković
Dragan Stojković
(b. 1965), football player, Olympic bronze medalist. Lidija Mihajlović (b. 1968), shooting champion. Ivan Miljković
Ivan Miljković
(b. 1979), volleyball player, Olympic and European champion. Bojana Popović (b. 1979), Montenegrin handball player, Olympic silver medalist. Nikola Karabatić
Nikola Karabatić
(b. 1984), French handball player, Olympic, World and European champion. Nemanja Radulović
Nemanja Radulović
(b. 1985), violinist. Ivan Kostic (b. 1989), footballer. Stefan Jović
Stefan Jović
(b. 1990), basketball player, Olympic, World Cup and EuroBasket silver medalist. Sava Ranđelović
Sava Ranđelović
(b. 1993), water polo player, Olympic, World and European champion. Andrija Živković (b. 1996), footballer, U-20 World champion.

Local media[edit]

Online newspaper

Narodne novine "Народне новине"[50] (in Serbian) Južne vesti] (Southern news)[51] (in Serbian)

Online radio stations

Internet.Radio.Magazin Super radio[52] (in Serbian)

Radio stations

Baltazar radio (90.5) (renamed to Radio Jat (90.5)) Banker radio (98.3)[53] City radio (99.9)[54] Radio Nišava
Nišava
(104.0)[55] (in Romany) Radio Belle Amie (95.6)[56] Radio Belle Amie Folk Kanal (98.7/100.7) (closed) Radio Seven (88.8)

TV stations

Banker TV[57] TV 5[58] (closed) BelleAmie TV[56] TV Nais RTV Nišava[55] (in Romany) Čair (in Romany) (closed) NTV Media Niš[59] Art TV Puls TV (closed) Kopernikus Televizija[60]

International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Serbia Twin towns — sister cities[edit] Niš
Niš
is twinned with the following cities, according to their City Hall website:[61]

Kassandra, Greece[61] Sparta, Greece[61] Glyfada, Greece[61] Maroussi, Greece[61] Alimos, Greece[61] Veliko Tarnovo, Bulgaria[61]

Košice, Slovakia[61][62] Kursk, Russia[61] Saltdal, Norway[61] Bad Homburg, Germany[61]

Other forms of cooperation and city friendship[edit]

Vienna, Austria[61] Graz, Austria[61] Barcelona, Spain[61] Columbus, Ohio, USA[61]

References[edit]

^ a b "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. p. 84-87. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved 2014-06-27.  ^ "Latest news, Latest News Headlines, news articles, news video, news photos - UPI.com". Metimes.com. 2013-02-14. Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved 2013-02-18.  ^ "Moderate Patriarch Sets New Course for Serb Church". IPS News. 2010-02-01. Archived from the original on 2010-02-10.  ^ "City of Nis". Ni.rs. Archived from the original on 2012-02-20. Retrieved 2013-02-18.  ^ Stone Pages, 002763 ^ "Nis". Britannica.com. Retrieved 2013-02-18.  ^ a b The provincial at Rome: and, Rome and the Balkans
Balkans
80BC-AD14, p. 207. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2013-02-18.  ^ "BALCANICA XXXVII" (PDF). Balkaninstitut.com. Retrieved 29 December 2017.  ^ Pannonia and Upper Moesia: a history of the middle Danube provinces p.51 ^ "Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, Vol. 2: Chapter XXV: Reigns Of Jovian And Valentinian, Division Of The Empire. Part II". Sacred-texts.com. Retrieved 2013-02-18.  ^ Fine, John V. A.; Fine, John Van Antwerp (29 December 1991). "The Early Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Sixth to the Late Twelfth Century". University of Michigan Press. Retrieved 29 December 2017 – via Google Books.  ^ The Late Medieval Balkans, p. 7 ^ The Late Medieval Balkans, p. 24 ^ The Late Medieval Balkans, p. 48 ^ The Late Medieval Balkans, p. 54 ^ Kultur der Nationen (in German). p. 110.  ^ Chalcraft, John. Popular Politics in the Making of the Modern Middle East. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9781107007505.  ^ "Ottoman Bulgaria
Bulgaria
in the First Tanzimat
Tanzimat
Period — The Revolts in Nish (1841) and Vidin (1850) Mark Pinson, Middle Eastern Studies, Vol. 11, No 2 (May, 1975), pp. 103-146". Promaxedonia.org. Retrieved 29 December 2017.  ^ a b Light, Andrew; Smith, Jonathan M. Philosophy and Geography II: The Production of Public Space. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 240, 241. ISBN 9780847688104.  ^ "Engin Deniz Tanir, October 2005, Middle East Technical University, Ankara, p. 70". Etd.lib.metu.edu.tr. Retrieved 29 December 2017.  ^ "Istorii︠a︡ na bŭlgarskii︠a︡ narod". google.bg.  ^ a b Jagodić, Miloš (1998). "The Emigration of Muslims from the New Serbian Regions 1877/1878". Balkanologie. 2 (2).  para. 6. "According to the information about the language spoken among the Muslims in the cities, we can see of which nationality they were. So, the Muslim population of Niš
Niš
and Pirot
Pirot
consisted mostly of Turks; para. 11. "The Turks have been mostly city dwellers. It is certain, however, that part of them was of Albanian origin, because of the well-known fact that the Albanians
Albanians
have been very easily assimilated with Turks in the cities."; para. 23, 30, 49. ^ a b c Geniş, Şerife; Maynard, Kelly Lynne (2009). "Formation of a Diasporic Community: The history of migration and resettlement of Muslim Albanians
Albanians
in the Black Sea
Black Sea
Region of Turkey". Middle Eastern Studies. 45 (4): 556.  "that the Muslim Albanians
Albanians
of Nish were forced to leave in 1878, and that at that time most of these Nishan Albanians
Albanians
migrated south into Kosovo, although some went to Skopje
Skopje
in Macedonia." ^ Encyclopedia of the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
Facts on File
File
library of world history, Gábor Ágoston, Bruce Alan Masters, Infobase Publishing, 2009 ISBN 1438110251, P. 104. ^ Encyclopedia of the Ottoman Empire; Gabor Agoston, Bruce Alan Masters; 2009, p. 104 ^ Judah, Tim (2008). Kosovo: What everyone needs to know. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 35. ISBN 9780199704040.  "This was the year that saw Serbia
Serbia
expanding southward and taking Nis. The Albanian quarter was burned and Albanians
Albanians
from the surrounding villages forced to flee." ^ Jagodić, Miloš (1998). "The Emigration of Muslims from the New Serbian Regions 1877/1878". Balkanologie. 2 (2). Before the war, there were about 8 500 Muslims in Niš. 1 168 of them were listed in the first Serbian inventory in 1879. 797 Gypsy Muslims were probably included in that number95. According to the stated data, approximately 7 332 Muslims moved out from Niš.  ^ Stefanović, Djordje (2005). "Seeing the Albanians
Albanians
through Serbian eyes: The Inventors of the Tradition of Intolerance and their Critics, 1804–1939". European History Quarterly. 35 (3): 470.  "Prior to 1878, the Serbs
Serbs
comprised not more than one half of the population of Nis, the largest city in the region; by 1884 the Serbian share rose to 80 per cent." ^ "Chronology". Ni.rs. Retrieved 2013-02-18.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-25. Retrieved 2012-01-20.  ^ Christopher Chant. The Encyclopedia of Codenames of World War II (Routledge Revivals; 2013); ISBN 1134647875, p. 209. ^ Elisabeth Barker et al., British Political and Military Strategy in Central, Eastern and Southern Europe in 1944, Springer (1988); ISBN 1349193798, p. 249. ^ Jozo Tomasevich. War and Revolution in Yugoslavia: 1941-1945, Volume 2, Stanford University Press (2001); ISBN 0804779244, p. 156. ^ Milan Novaković (August 1, 2008). "Niškevesti.rs: Katastrofalna poplava u Nišu juna 1948. godine" (in Serbian). Retrieved August 10, 2017.  ^ a b c D. Stojanović (May 7, 2015). "Novosti: Suze za 16 žrtava kasetnih bombi" (in Serbian). Retrieved August 10, 2017.  ^ "Otvoren Klinički centar u Nišu, došli Vučić, Brnabić..." b92.net (in Serbian). Tanjug. 17 December 2017. Retrieved 17 December 2017.  ^ "Jezero tople vode ispod Niša". Politika.rs. Retrieved 29 December 2017.  ^ "Monthly and annual means, maximum and minimum values of meteorological elements for the period 1981-2010" (in Serbian). Republic Hydrometeorological Service of Serbia. Retrieved February 25, 2017.  ^ "Station Nis" (in French). Meteo Climat. Retrieved November 11, 2017.  ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 11 January 2017.  ^ a b "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved 2014-06-27.  ^ "Number and the floor space of housing units" (PDF). stat.gov.rs (in Serbian). Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 21 March 2018.  ^ a b c "Religion, Mother tongue, and Ethnicity" (PDF). stat.gov.rs (in Serbian). Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 21 March 2018.  ^ "Educational attainment, literacy and computer literacy" (PDF). stat.gov.rs (in Serbian). Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 21 March 2018.  ^ "Ethnicity" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 23 April 2017.  ^ Radovinović, Radovan; Bertić, Ivan, eds. (1984). Atlas svijeta: Novi pogled na Zemlju (in Croatian) (3rd ed.). Zagreb: Sveučilišna naklada Liber.  ^ "ОПШТИНЕ И РЕГИОНИ У РЕПУБЛИЦИ СРБИЈИ, 2017" (PDF). stat.gov.rs (in Serbian). Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 17 February 2017.  ^ "Istorijski Arhiv Niš". Arhivnis.co.rs. Archived from the original on 27 October 2012. Retrieved 18 February 2013.  ^ ""Radovi na stadionu idu po planu" : Sport : Južne vesti". Juznevesti.com. Retrieved 2013-02-18.  ^ "Narodne novine". narodne.com.  ^ "Južne vesti - Leskovac, Niš, Pirot, Prokuplje, Vranje
Vranje
- vesti iz južne Srbije". Južne vesti.  ^ "Super Radio". Super Radio Niš.  ^ [1] Archived 10 February 2006 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "City". radiocity.rs.  ^ a b [2] Archived 2009-02-23 at the Wayback Machine. ^ a b "belami.rs - najnovije vesti, vesti iz Niša, vesti iz Srbije". Belle Amie.  ^ Banker. "TV BANKER". bankerinter.net.  ^ "RTV5 - Nis -". rtv5.rs.  ^ "ck0M1". medianis.net. Archived from the original on 2007-06-10.  ^ "Televizija Kopernikus TV K::CN". tvkcn.net.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o " Niš
Niš
Twinnings". Niš
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City Hall. Retrieved 2008-04-17.  ^ "Twin cities of the City of Kosice". Magistrát mesta Košice, Tr. Retrieved 2013-07-27. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Niš.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Nis.

Official website Regional Chamber of Economy Niš
Niš
Official Website

v t e

Municipalities and cities of Southern and Eastern Serbia

Cities

Leskovac Niš

Crveni Krst Medijana Niška Banja Palilula Pantelej

Pirot Požarevac

Požarevac Kostolac

Smederevo Vranje

Vranje Vranjska Banja

Zaječar

Municipalities

Aleksinac Babušnica Bela Palanka Blace Bojnik Boljevac Bor Bosilegrad Bujanovac Crna Trava Dimitrovgrad Doljevac Gadžin Han Golubac Kladovo Knjaževac Kučevo Kuršumlija Lebane Majdanpek Malo Crniće Medveđa Merošina Negotin Petrovac Preševo Prokuplje Ražanj Smederevska Palanka Sokobanja Surdulica Svrljig Trgovište Velika Plana Veliko Gradište Vladičin Han Vlasotince Žabari Žagubica Žitorađa

v t e

Historical capitals of Serbia

Ras (950–1276) Debrc
Debrc
(1276–1283) Belgrade
Belgrade
(1283–1430; since 1841) Prizren
Prizren
(1300–1345) Skopje
Skopje
(1345–1371) Priština and Kruševac
Kruševac
(1371–1389) Smederevo
Smederevo
(1430–1453) Subotica
Subotica
(1526–1527) Kragujevac
Kragujevac
(1818–1841) Temišvar (1849–1860) Kragujevac
Kragujevac
(1914–1915) Niš
Niš
(1915)

Coordinates: 43°18′N 21°54′E / 43.3°N 21.9°E / 43.3; 21.9

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 140970712 GND: 4294664-5 SUDOC: 086129023 BNF:

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