He was born in 1882, in Song Khe village, Yen Dung district (now Song Khe commune, Bac Giang province), Bac Giang province.
In 1903, he led Phan Boi Chau to see Hoàng Hoa Thám. After many times have failed to pass the national examination, he returned to his hometown to teach and join the Dong Du Movement, founded Hội Quốc Dân dục tài, made some changes in his hometown. However, it was forbidden by Colonial authorities
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