Nguyễn Thiện Thuật (阮善述, 1844-1926) was a Vietnamese
revolutionary leader, who commanded armed forces during the anti-colonial struggle.
As a high-ranking official under the Nguyễn Dynasty
, he governed Hải Dương
, Hải Phòng
, and Quảng Ninh
When Hà Nội
surrendered to the French in 1883, the Nguyễn Văn Thương
regime signed the Treaty of Huế
(also known as the Harmand treaty) and acknowledged the French protectorate over the northern and central parts of the Vietnam.
When he was ordered to stop fighting, Nguyen resigned from his post and retreated to Đông Triều
, where he organized and continued armed resistance against the French.
He also joined forces with the Black Flag Army
led by Lưu Vĩnh Phúc
A nine-year revolt (from 1883 to 1892) ensued in the swampy area of Bãi Sậy
Due to constant attacks from the French, the resistance was weakened. Nguyen left for China, with the hope of reviving the revolution at a later time, but died in Guangxi
His grandson was Chinese Nationalist Army major general Nguyễn Chấn Á who returned to Vietnam as one of the Taiwan military advisors.Thiếu tướng Nguyễn Chấn Á
Nguyễn Thiện Thuật was born on March 23, 1844 in Xuân Dục village, Đường Hào district (currently is Xuân Đào village, Xuân Dục commune, Mỹ Hào town, Hưng Yên province), was the eldest child of a poor Confucian, he was a descendant of Nguyễn Trãi. His father was lecturer Nguyễn Tuy, his younger brothers were Nguyễn Thiện Dương and Nguyễn Thiện Kế, they both participated in Bãi Sậy uprising that was led by Thuật.
After he graduated baccalaureate in 1874, he was deputed as a deputy. In 1876, he continued to take part in Confucianism examination and only got Bachelor's degree.
Category:People from Hưng Yên Province