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Nguyễn Tường Tam (chữ Hán: 阮祥三; Cẩm Giàng, Hải Dương 25 July 1906 – Saigon, 7 July 1963) better known by his pen-name Nhất Linh (一靈, "One Spirit") was a Vietnamese writer, editor and publisher in colonial Hanoi.[1] He founded the literary group and publishing house Tự Lực Văn Đoàn ("Self-Strengthening Literary Group") in 1932 with the literary magazines Phong Hóa ("Customs", or "Mores") and Ngày Nay ("Today"), and serialized, then published, many of the influential realism-influenced novels of the 1930s.

In the 1940s he organized a political party, Đại Việt Dân Chính ("Great Viet Democratic Party" DVDC).[2] Tam fled to China where he was arrested on the orders of Chang Fa Kwei, who at same time had arrested Ho Chi Minh.[3] This faction soon merged with the larger Đại Việt Quốc Dân Đảng ("Great Viet Nationalist Party" DVQDD) and later this too merged into the Việt Nam Quốc Dân Đảng ("Vietnamese Nationalist Party" VNQDD).

After release from China Nhat Linh returned to Vietnam in 1945, to become Foreign Minister in the first coalition government of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. He was chief negotiator with the French in Dalat in April 1946 and was to have led the delegation to France. However fearing Viet Minh assassination he fled to Hong Kong and resided there 1946-1950. On his return to Vietnam, to the South, avoiding politics and concentrated on literary activities.[4] This did not prevent the accusation of the Ngo Dinh Diem regime of involvement in the 1960 attempted coup. Nhat Linh denied this, and the police having found no evidence did not seek to arrest Tam till 1963. Tam committed suicide by ingesting cyanide, leaving a death note stating "I also will kill myself as a warning to those people who are trampling on all freedom", the "also" probably referring to Thich Quang Duc, the monk who had self-immolated in protest against Diem's persecution of Buddhism a month earlier.

Works

Novels

  • Gánh hàng hoa (The Flower Seller) (with Khái Hưng, 1934)
  • Đời mưa gió (The Stormy Life) (with Khái Hưng, 1934)
  • Nắng thu (Autumn Sun) (1934)
  • Đoạn tuyệt ( The End) (1934-1935)
  • Lạnh lùng (Estrangement) (1935-1936)
  • Đôi bạn (Two Friends) (1936-1937)
  • Bướm trắng (White Butterfly) (1938-1939)
  • Xóm cầu mới (New Bridge Hamlet) (1949-1957).
  • Giòng sông Thanh Thủy (Blue River) (1960-1961).
Ba người bộ hành (Three Pedestrians)
Chi bộ hai người (The Cell of Two)
Vọng quốc (Looking Back)

Stories

  • Nho phong (Confucian Mannerism) (1924)
  • Người quay tơ (The Weaver) (1926)
  • Anh phải sống (You've Got to Live) (with Khái Hưng, 1932 - 1933)
  • Đi Tây (Going to France) (1935)
  • Hai buổi chiều vàng (Two Golden Afternoons) (1934-1937)
  • Thế rồi một buổi chiều (It Happened One Afternoon) (1934-1937)
  • Thương chồng (Feeling Sorry) (1961)

Essay

  • Viết và đọc tiểu thuyết (Writing and Reading Novels) (1952-1961)

Translations

References

  1. ^ Hy V. Luong Postwar Vietnam: Dynamics of a Transforming Society 2003 - Page 263 "The preeminent editor of the 1930s was Nguyen TuongTam (1906-1963), better known by his pen name of Nhat Linh. Two years after returning from France in 1930, Nhat Linh took control of a Hanoi weekly called Phong Hoa (Customs),.."
  2. ^ Archimedes L. A. Patti -Why Viet Nam?: Prelude to America's Albatross Page 533 1982 "A pro-Japanese faction under the leadership of Nguyen Tuong Tam adopted the name Dai Viet Dan Chinh (Great Viet Nam Democratic Party)"
  3. ^ Spencer C. Tucker -The Encyclopedia of the Vietnam War 2011 Page 837 "In the early 1940s Nhat Linh (a pen name) participated in revolutionary activities, such as organizing the Dai Viet Dan Chinh. He then fled to China, where he was arrested on the orders of Chang Fa Kwei at the same time as Ho Chi Minh."
  4. ^ Spencer C. Tucker The Encyclopedia of the Vietnam War Page 837 2011 "Returning to Vietnam in 1945, Nhat Linh became minister of foreign affairs in the first coalition government of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam"
  5. ^ Emily Bronte, Đỉnh Gió Hú, Nhất Linh, Nguyễn Tường Thiết dịch

Bibliography