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Ngô Quyền
Ngô Quyền
(Chinese: 吳權; pinyin: Wú Quán; March 12, 897 – 944) was a Vietnamese king of Ngô dynasty
Ngô dynasty
who ruled from 939 to 944. He defeated the Southern Han
Southern Han
kingdom at the Battle of Bạch Đằng River north of modern Haiphong
Haiphong
and ended 1,000 years of Chinese domination dating back to 111 BC under the Han dynasty.[1] A central district in modern Haiphong
Haiphong
is named after him.

Contents

1 Early life 2 Rise in the military 3 Defeating the Southern Han 4 King of Viet Nam 5 Importance in Vietnamese history 6 Image 7 References 8 Further reading

Early life[edit] Ngô Quyền
Ngô Quyền
was born in 897 AD in Đường Lâm (modern-day Ba Vì District, Hanoi
Hanoi
of northern Vietnam) during the Tang dynasty. He was the son of Ngô Mân, an influential Tang government official in Annam. His father was a strong supporter of Phùng Hưng, the first Jiedushi
Jiedushi
(Tiết độ sứ) military governor of Annam and semi-autonomous ruler when the Tang empire was in decline. In 931, he served under Dương Đình Nghệ (the administrator of Zhou Cho Giao Chỉ) and quickly rose through the military ranks and government administration; by 934, he was promoted to the post of military governor of Ái Châu. After Dương Đình Nghệ was assassinated in a military coup in 938 by a usurper named Kiều Công Tiễn, he took control of the military and was well received. That same year, Ngô Quyền's forces defeated the rebel Kiều Công Tiễn and had him executed. This transpired into an opportunistic pretense for wrestling control of Annam by the new Southern Han
Southern Han
regime due to its strategic geographical location. Ngô Quyền
Ngô Quyền
foresaw the Southern Han
Southern Han
intention. He quickly mobilized the armed forces and made war preparations well in advance. His victory at the Battle of Bach Dang paved the way for Annam independence (future Vietnam). Ngô Quyền
Ngô Quyền
was declared King and was officially recognized by the Southern Han
Southern Han
in 939. In the process, Annam gained full independence and governmental autonomy. Rise in the military[edit] Ngô Quyền
Ngô Quyền
was a commander and trusted son-in-law of Vietnamese warlord and de facto Lord Protector Dương Đình Nghệ. In 931, when Dương Đình Nghệ defeated the crumbling Southern Han influence in Annam, Ngô Quyền
Ngô Quyền
was a 33-year-old Army General. Dương Đình Nghệ loved his talent and gave him one of his daughters, Lady Dương, in marriage and placed him in charge of Ái Châu (Nghệ An province at present). The province was Dương Đình Nghệ's hometown and military power base. By giving Ngô Quyền command of this region Dương Đình Nghệ recognized Ngô Quyền's loyalty and talent. Defeating the Southern Han[edit] Main article: Battle of Bạch Đằng (938) In 938, the Southern Han
Southern Han
dispatched an army to quell the An Nam rebellion. Ngô Quyền
Ngô Quyền
calculated that the Southern Han
Southern Han
would sail down the Bạch Đằng River
Bạch Đằng River
to unload their troops right in the middle of Giao Châu to do the most damage. To prevent this incursion, Ngô Quyền
Ngô Quyền
strategized and ordered the waters of Bạch Đằng embedded with thousands of large wooden pikes hidden just beneath the rising tide water. He used boats with shallow drafts to instigate and lure the Southern Han
Southern Han
toward the traps after the tide had risen. When the hundreds of Southern Han
Southern Han
ships were punctured and caught against the deadly traps, Ngô Quyền
Ngô Quyền
led his forces in the attack. Hundreds of trapped ships were burned and sabotaged and thousands of Southern Han soldiers were killed, while some managed to retreat and were chased out relentlessly by the forces of An Nam. In the thick of battle, most of the Southern Han
Southern Han
army, including the Admiral Liu Hongcao (劉弘操; Vietnamese: Lưu Hoàng Thao; the son of the Southern Han
Southern Han
Emperor), were killed. King of Viet Nam[edit] After overthrowing the Chinese government in Vietnam
Vietnam
and founding the Ngô Dynasty, arguably the first Vietnamese dynasty, Ngô Quyền transferred the capital to Cổ Loa, the capital of Âu Lạc, the ancient Vietnamese kingdom, thus affirming the continuity of the traditions of the Lạc Việt
Lạc Việt
people. From this time, Ngô Quyền
Ngô Quyền
reclaimed Vietnamese independence and was proclaimed as King (Ngô Vương) of An Nam in 939. He named Vietnam Đại Việt
Đại Việt
when he was made king. Ngô Quyền's immediate heirs proved unable to maintain a unified state. After his death in 944, Duong-Binh Vuong Tam-Kha usurped the throne for a brief time, until Ngô Quyền's two sons, Ngô Nam-Tan Vuong Xuong-Van and Ngô Thien-Sach Vuong Xuong-Ngap, finally established a joint rule, which lasted until the collapse of the Ngô Dynasty
Dynasty
in 954. Importance in Vietnamese history[edit] The first history of Vietnam
Vietnam
by Lê Văn Hưu (13th century), Anthology of Palace Spirits of Lý Tế Xuyên (14th Century), and successive histories all recognised the importance of Quyền.[2] Image[edit]

Ngô Quyền's temple in Cam Lâm village.

Ngô Quyền's Temple.

Tomb of Ngô Quyền.

References[edit]

^ Van Dao Hoang Viet Nam Quoc Dan Dang: A Contemporary History of a National Struggle: 1927-1954 Page 7 2008 "... expression of the traditional attitude against foreign invasion derived from such heroes as Trưng Sisters Queens, Ngô Quyền, Lê Lợi, Hưng Đạo, and Quang Trung." ^ Patricia M. Pelley, Postcolonial Vietnam: New Histories of the National Past (2002), page 177 "For instance, the first history of Vietnam, written in the thirteenth century by Lê Văn Hưu, recognized the importance of the Trưng sisters and Ngô Quyền. Subsequent texts, such as Palace Spirits, the popular compilation of the fourteenth ."

Further reading[edit]

Nam Viet, Britannica The first National King of Viet Nam: Ngo Quyen, Father of Vietnamese Independence

Ngô Quyền Ngô Dynasty Born: 897 Died: 944

Preceded by Kiều Công Tiễn as governor of Tĩnh Hải quân King of Nam Việt 939–944 Succeeded by Dương Tam Kha

v t e

Notable families in Early independent Vietnam

Colour note

  Khúc

  Dương

  Ngô

  Kiều

  Đinh

  Lê

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Khúc Thừa Dụ

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Khúc Hạo

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dương Đình Nghệ

 

Khúc Thừa Mỹ

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ngô Quyền

 

Queen Dương

 

 

 

Đinh Công Trứ

 

Dương Tam Kha

 

Kiều Công Tiễn

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ngô Xương Ngập

 

Ngô Xương Văn

 

 

 

 

Đinh Tiên Hoàng

 

Dương Vân Nga

 

Lê Đại Hành

 

Kiều Công Chuẩn

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ngô Nhật Khánh

 

Ngô Xương Xí

 

 

Đinh Liễn

 

Đinh Hạng Lang

 

Đinh Phế Đế

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kiều Công Hãn

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Princess Phất Kim

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lê Long Việt

 

Lê Long Đĩnh

 

 

Kiều Thuận

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Notes:

Ngô Sĩ Liên
Ngô Sĩ Liên
(1993), Đại Việt
Đại Việt
sử ký toàn thư (in Vietnamese) (Nội các quan bản ed.), Hanoi: Social Science Publishing House  National Bureau for Historical Record (1998), Khâm định Việt sử Thông giám cương mục (in Vietnamese), Hanoi: Education Publishing House  Trần Trọng Kim
Trần Trọng Kim
(1971), Việt Nam sử lược
Việt Nam sử lược
(in Vietnamese), Saigon: Center for School Materials  Chapuis, Oscar (1995), A history of Vietnam: from Hong Bang to Tu Duc, Greenwood Publishing Group, ISBN 0313296227 

Family tree of Vietnamese monarchs

Overall Early independence Lý dynasty Trần dynasty Lê dynasty Trịnh lords and Mạc dynasty Nguyễn

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