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NEWTON BISHOP DRURY (April 9, 1889 – December 14, 1978) was the fourth director of the American National Park Service
National Park Service
and the executive director of the Save-the-Redwoods League .

CONTENTS

* 1 Early life

* 2 Career

* 2.1 National Park Service
National Park Service

* 3 Death

* 3.1 Legacy

* 4 References

EARLY LIFE

Newton was born in 1889 in San Francisco, California
San Francisco, California
. He attended the University of California, Berkeley
University of California, Berkeley
, and graduated in 1912. He served in the U.S. Army Balloon Corps in World War I. The destruction that he witnessed motivated him strongly towards conservation.

CAREER

In 1919, he and his brother Aubrey formed the Drury Brothers Company, an advertising and public relations agency. That same year, the organizers of the Save-the-Redwoods League , many of whom knew Drury from the university, asked Drury Brothers to manage the League. Newton Drury became executive secretary in charge of publicity and fund raising, a position he held for twenty years. Drury and the league obtained a six-million dollar bond measure passed to buy California redwood groves.

NATIONAL PARK SERVICE

Drury with Eleanor Roosevelt
Eleanor Roosevelt
at the dedication of Franklin D. Roosevelt 's home at Hyde Park, New York, as a national shrine in 1946

Drury declined appointment as NPS Director in 1933, but accepted the job in 1940. He was the first director without prior national park responsibilities, but came with strong conservationist credentials, having served as executive secretary of the Save-the-Redwoods League in California. During World War II he successfully resisted most demands for consumptive uses of park resources. Less eager than his predecessors to expand the park system, he opposed NPS involvement with areas he judged not to meet national park standards. Differences with Secretary of the Interior Oscar L. Chapman over Chapman's support for dams in Dinosaur National Monument contributed to Drury's resignation in 1951.

Subsequent to his resignation from the park service Drury accepted the position as head of the California Division of Beaches and Parks. He was instrumental in changing some of the operational policies of the state park system to that similar to the national park system. In particular he dropped the recreational emphasis in summer programming to that of interpretation with a natural history emphasis.

DEATH

Drury died in December 1978. He received a Pugsley Medal twice, a silver medal in 1940 and a gold medal in 1950. He was board chairman of the Save-the-Redwoods League at his death.

LEGACY

The Newton B. Drury
Newton B. Drury
Scenic Parkway is the 9-mile (14 km) long two lane road through Prairie Creek Redwoods State Park in Humboldt County, California , which was completed in 1993, honoring his efforts in the creation of Redwood National and State Parks . As a result of CalTrans move of US Route 101 outside the eastern edge of the park, Old Growth Redwoods within the park will not ever be removed to widen the road. This road, though shorter, is similar in quality to the Avenue of the Giants in Southern Humboldt County. Mount Drury in the Mount San Jacinto State Park , Riverside County, California
Riverside County, California
, is named after him as well.

REFERENCES

* ^ Becher, A.; Richey, J. (2008). American Environmental Leaders: From Colonial Times to the Present. 1. Grey House Pub. ISBN 9781592371198 . Retrieved August 4, 2015. * ^ "Newton Drury". Pugsley Award website. Retrieved on June 14, 2010. * ^ "Newton Drury, Conservationist Who Led Redwood Drive, Dies - Park Named for Him Appointed by Warren - Article - NYTimes.com". select.nytimes.com. Retrieved August 4, 2015. * ^ " National Park Service
National Park Service
History: Directors of National Park Service". NPS. Retrieved on June 14, 2010. * ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Drury Peak

GOVERNMENT OFFICES

Preceded by Arno B. Cammerer DIRECTOR OF THE NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 1940–1951 Succeeded by Arthur E. Demaray

* v * t * e

Directors of the National Park Service
National Park Service
of the United States

* Stephen Mather
Stephen Mather
* Horace M. Albright
Horace M. Albright
* Arno B. Cammerer * Newton B. Drury * Arthur E. Demaray * Conrad L. Wirth * George B. Hartzog Jr. * Ronald H. Walker * Gary Everhardt * William J. Whalen III * Russell E. Dickenson * William Penn Mott Jr. * James M. Ridenour * Roger G. Kennedy * Robert Stanton * Fran P. Mainella * Mary A. Bomar * Jonathan Jarvis
Jonathan Jarvis

AUTHORITY CONTROL

* WorldCat Identities * VIAF : 53312103 * LCCN : n90660782 * ISNI : 0000 0000 2924 3971 * IATH : w62r428z

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