Newport News is an independent city
in the U.S. state
. As of the 2010 census
, the population was 180,719.
In 2019, the population was estimated to be 179,225,
making it the fifth-most populous city in Virginia.
Newport News is included in the Hampton Roads
metropolitan area. It is at the southeastern end of the Virginia Peninsula
, on the northern shore of the James River
extending southeast from Skiffe's Creek
along many miles of waterfront to the river's mouth at Newport News Point on the harbor of Hampton Roads. The area now known as Newport News was once a part of Warwick County
. Warwick County was one of the eight original shires of Virginia
, formed by the House of Burgesses
in the British Colony of Virginia
by order of King Charles I
In 1881, fifteen years of rapid development began under the leadership of Collis P. Huntington
, whose new Peninsula Extension
of the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway
from Richmond opened up means of transportation along the Peninsula and provided a new pathway for the railroad to bring West Virginia bituminous coal
to port for coastal shipping and worldwide export. With the new railroad came a terminal and coal pier
s where the colliers
were loaded. Within a few years, Huntington and his associates also built a large shipyard
. In 1896, the new incorporated town
of Newport News, which had briefly replaced Denbigh
as the seat
of Warwick County, had a population of 9,000. In 1958, by mutual consent by referendum, Newport News was consolidated with the former Warwick County
(itself a separate city from 1952 to 1958), rejoining the two localities to approximately their pre-1896 geographic size. The more widely known name of Newport News was selected as they formed what was then Virginia's third largest independent city in population.
With many residents employed at the expansive Newport News Shipbuilding
, the joint U.S. Air Force
installation at Joint Base Langley–Eustis
, and other military bases and suppliers, the city's economy is very connected to the military. The location on the harbor and along the James River facilitates a large boating industry which can take advantage of its many miles of waterfront. Newport News also serves as a junction between the rails and the sea with the Newport News Marine Terminals located at the East End of the city. Served by major east–west Interstate Highway 64
, it is linked to other cities of Hampton Roads by the circumferential Hampton Roads Beltway
, which crosses the harbor on two bridge-tunnel
s. Part of the Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport
is in the city limits.
The original area near the mouth of the James River
was first referred to as ''Newportes Newes'' as early as 1621.
The source of the name "Newport News" is not known with certainty, though it is the oldest English city name in the Americas. Several versions are recorded, and it is the subject of popular speculation locally. Probably the best-known explanation holds that when an early group of Jamestown
colonists left to return to England after the Starving Time
during the winter of 1609–1610 aboard a ship of Captain Christopher Newport
, they encountered another fleet of supply ships under the new Governor Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr
in the James River off Mulberry Island
with reinforcements of men and supplies. The new governor ordered them to turn around, and return to Jamestown. Under this theory, the community was named for Newport's "good news". Another possibility is that the community may have derived its name from an old English word "news" meaning "new town". At least one source claims that the "New" arose from the original settlement's being rebuilt after a fire.
["Why Does Newport News Have Such an Odd Name?"](_blank)
The Mariner's Museum website; accessed April 3, 2008.
Another source gave the original name as ''New Port Newce'', named for a person with the name Newce and the town's place as a new seaport. The namesake, Sir William Newce, was an English soldier and originally settled in Ireland. There he had established Newcestown
near Bandon, County Cork
. He sailed to Virginia with Sir Francis Wyatt
in October 1621 and was granted of land. He died two days later. His brother, Capt. Thomas Newce, was given "600 acres at Kequatan
, now called Elizabeth Cittie
." A partner Daniel Gookin
completed founding the settlement.
In his 1897 two-volume work ''Old Virginia and her Neighbors,'' American historian John Fiske
... several old maps where the name is given as Newport Ness, being the mariner's way of saying Newport Point.
[Fiske ''Old Virginia and Her Neighbors'' – footnote (page 92)]
The fact that the name formerly appeared as "Newport's News" is verified by numerous early documents and maps, and by local tradition. The change to Newport News came about through usage; by 1851 the Post Office Department sanctioned "New Port News" (written as three words) as the name of the first post office. In 1866 it approved the name as "Newport News", the current form.
During the 17th century, shortly after founding of Jamestown, Virginia
, in 1607, English settlers explored and began settling the areas adjacent to Hampton Roads. In 1610, Sir Thomas Gates
"took possession" of a nearby Native American
village, which became known as Kecoughtan
. At that time, settlers began clearing land along the James River (the navigable part of which was called Hampton Roads
) for plantations, including the present area of Newport News.
In 1619, the area of Newport News was included in one of four huge corporations of the Virginia Company of London
. It became known as Elizabeth Cittie
and extended west all the way to Skiffe's Creek
(currently the border between Newport News and James City County
). Elizabeth Cittie included all of present-day South Hampton Roads
By 1634, the English colony of Virginia consisted of a population of approximately 5,000 inhabitants. It was divided into eight shires of Virginia
, which were renamed as counties
shortly thereafter. The area of Newport News became part of Warwick River Shire
, which became Warwick County
in 1637. By 1810, the county seat
was at Denbigh
. For a short time in the mid-19th century, the county seat was moved to Newport News.
Newport News was a rural area of plantations and a small fishing village until after the American Civil War
. Construction of the railroad and establishment of the great shipyard brought thousands of workers and associated development. It was one of only a few cities in Virginia to be newly established without earlier incorporation as a town. (Virginia has had an independent city
political subdivision since 1871.) Walter A. Post
served as the city's first mayor.
The area that formed the present-day southern end of Newport News had long been established as an unincorporated town. During Reconstruction
, the period after the American Civil War, the new City of Newport News was essentially founded by California merchant Collis P. Huntington
. Huntington, one of the Big Four
associated with the Central Pacific Railroad
, in California, formed the western part of the country's First Transcontinental Railroad
. He was recruited by former Confederate
General Williams Carter Wickham
to become a major investor and guiding light for a southern railroad. He helped complete the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway
to the Ohio River
Huntington knew the railroad could transport coal eastbound from West Virginia's untapped natural resources. His agents began acquiring land in Warwick County in 1865. In the 1880s, he oversaw extension of the C&O's new Peninsula Subdivision
, which extended from the Church Hill Tunnel
southeast down the peninsula through Williamsburg
to Newport News, where the company developed coal pier
s on the harbor of Hampton Roads.
His next project was to develop Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock Company
, which became the world's largest shipyard. Opened as Chesapeake Dry Dock & Construction Company, the shipbuilding was intended to build boats to transition goods from the rails to the seas. With president Theodore Roosevelt
's declaration to create a Great White Fleet
, the company entered the warship
business by building seven of the first sixteen warships.
In addition to Collis, other members of the Huntington family played major roles in Newport News. From 1912 to 1914, his nephew, Henry E. Huntington
, assumed leadership of the shipyard. Huntington Park
, developed after World War I
near the northern terminus of the James River Bridge
, is named for him.
Collis Huntington's son, Archer M. Huntington
and his wife, sculptor Anna Hyatt Huntington
, developed the Mariners' Museum
beginning in 1932. They created a natural park and the community's Mariners' Lake
in the process. A major feature of Newport News, the Mariners' Museum has grown to become one of the largest and finest maritime museum
s in the world.
The city grew in territory through the annexation of parts of Warwick County and also of the town of Kecoughtan
in adjoining Elizabeth City County
In 1958, the citizenry of the cities of Warwick and Newport News voted by referendum to consolidate the two cities, choosing to assume the better-known name of Newport News. The merger created the third largest city by population in Virginia, with a area. The boundaries of the City of Newport News today are essentially the boundaries of the original Warwick River Shire and the traditional one of Warwick County, with the exception of minor border adjustments with neighbors.
The city's original downtown area, on the James River
waterfront, changed rapidly from a farm trading town to a new city in the last quarter of the 19th century. Development of the railroad terminal, with its coal piers, other harbor-related facilities, and the shipyard, brought new jobs and workers to the area. Although fashionable housing and businesses developed in downtown, the increase in industry and the development of new suburbs pushed and pulled retail and residential development to the west and north after World War II
. Such suburban development was aided by national subsidization of highway construction and was part of a national trend to newer housing.
In July 1989, the United States Navy commissioned the third naval vessel named after the city with the entry of the Los Angeles-class nuclear submarine USS NEWPORT NEWS (SSN-750), built at Newport News Shipbuilding, into active service.
The ship was initially commanded by CDR. Mark B. Keef; the city held a public celebration of the event, which was attended by Vice President of the United States Dan Quayle. In conjunction with this milestone, a song was written by a city native and formally adopted by Newport News City Council in July 1989. The lyrics appear with permission from the author:
(First verse): Harbor of a thousand ships/Forger of a nation's fleet/Gateway to the New World/Where ocean and river meet
(Chorus): Strength wrought from steel/And a people's fortitude/Such is the timeless legacy/Of a place called Newport News
(Second verse): Nestled in a blessed land/Gifted with a special view/Forever home for ev'ry man/With a spirit proud and true
(repeat chorus to fade)
Despite city efforts at large-scale revitalization, by the beginning of the 21st century the downtown area consisted largely of the coal export facilities, the shipyard, and municipal offices. It is bordered by some harbor-related smaller businesses and lower income housing.
Newport News grew in population from the 1960s through the 1990s. The city began to explore New Urbanism
as a way to develop areas midtown. City Center at Oyster Point was developed out of a small portion of the Oyster Point Business Park. It opened in phases from 2003 through 2005. The city invested $82 million of public funding in the project. Closely following Oyster Point, Port Warwick opened as an urban residential community in the new midtown business district. Fifteen hundred people now reside in the Port Warwick area. It includes a city square where festivals and events take place.
Newport News is located at (37.071046, −76.484557). According to the United States Census Bureau
, the city has a total area of , of which is land and (42.4%) is water.
The city is located at the Peninsula side of Hampton Roads
in the Tidewater region of Virginia
, bordering the Atlantic Ocean. The Hampton Roads Metropolitan Statistical Area
(officially known as the Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC MSA) is the 37th largest
in the nation with a 2014 population estimate of 1,716,624. The area includes the Virginia cities of Norfolk, Virginia Beach, Chesapeake, Hampton, Newport News, Poquoson
, Portsmouth, Suffolk, Williamsburg
, and the counties of Gloucester
, Isle of Wight
, James City
, and York
, as well as the North Carolina
counties of Currituck
. Newport News serves as one of the business centers on the Peninsula. The city of Norfolk is recognized as the central business district, while the Virginia Beach oceanside resort district and Williamsburg are primarily centers of tourism.
Newport News shares land borders with James City County
on the northwest, York County
on the north and northeast, and Hampton
on the east. Newport News shares water borders with Portsmouth
on the southeast and Suffolk
on the south across the Hampton Roads Area, and Isle of Wight County
on the southwest and west and Surry County
on the northwest across the James River
The city's downtown area was part of the earliest developed area which was initially incorporated as an independent city in 1896. The earlier city portions also included the "East End
" or "Southeast" community, which was predominantly African-American, the "North End" and the shipyard and coal piers. The town of Kecoughtan
in Elizabeth City County
was annexed by Newport News in 1927, extending the city along Hampton Roads from Salter's Creek to Pear Avenue. After World War II, public housing projects and lower income housing were built to improve housing in what came to be known as the East End
or "The Bottom" by locals.
The city expanded primarily westward where land was available and highways were built. While the shipyard and coal facilities, and other smaller harbor-oriented businesses have remained vibrant, the downtown area went into substantial decline. Crime problems have plagued the nearby lower-income residential areas.
West of the traditional downtown area, another early portion of the city was developed as Huntington Heights. In modern times been called the North End
. Developed primarily between 1900 and 1935, North End features a wealth of architectural styles and eclectic vernacular building designs. Extending along west to the James River Bridge
approaches, it includes scenic views of the river. A well-preserved community, the North End is an historic district listed on the National Register of Historic Places
and the Virginia Landmarks Register
The 1958 merger by mutual agreement with the City of Warwick removed the political boundary, which was adjacent to Mercury Boulevard
. This major north–south roadway carries U.S. Route 258
between the James River Bridge
and the Coliseum-Central area of adjacent Hampton. At the time, the county was mostly rural, although along Warwick Boulevard north of the Mercury Boulevard, Hilton Village
was developed during World War I
as a planned community
. Beyond this point to the west, much of the city takes on a suburban nature. Many neighborhoods have been developed, some around a number of former small towns. Miles of waterfront along the James River, and tributaries such as Deep Creek and Lucas Creek, are occupied by higher-end single family homes. In many sections, wooded land and farms gave way to subdivisions. Even at the northwestern reaches, furthest from the traditional downtown area, some residential development has occurred. Much land has been set aside for natural protection, with recreational and historical considerations. Along with some newer residential areas, major features of the northwestern end include the reservoirs of the Newport News Water System (which include much of the Warwick River
), the expansive Newport News Park
, a number of public schools, and the military installations of Fort Eustis
and a small portion of the Naval Weapons Station Yorktown
At the extreme northwestern edge adjacent to Skiffe's Creek
and the border with James City County is the Lee Hall
community, which retains historical features including the former Chesapeake and Ohio Railway
station which served tens of thousands of soldiers based at what became nearby Fort Eustis during World War I
and World War II
. The larger-than-normal rural two-story frame depot is highly valued by rail fans and rail preservationists.
In downtown Newport News, the Victory Arch
, built to commemorate the Great War
, sits on the downtown waterfront. The "Eternal Flame" under the arch was cast by Womack Foundry, Inc. in the 1960s. It was hand crafted by the Foundry's founder and president, Ernest D. Womack. The downtown area has a number of landmarks and architecturally interesting buildings, which for some time were mostly abandoned in favor of building new areas in the northwest areas of the city (a strategy aided by tax incentives in the postwar years).
City leaders are working to bring new life into this area, by renovating and building new homes and attracting businesses. The completion of Interstate 664
restored the area to access and through traffic which had been largely rerouted with the completion of the Hampton Roads Bridge-Tunnel
connecting neighboring Hampton
with the Southside
in 1958 and discontinuance of the Newport News-Norfolk ferry service at that time. The larger capacity Monitor-Merrimac Memorial Bridge-Tunnel
and the rebuilt James River Bridge
each restored some accessibility and through traffic to the downtown area.
[ Accessed April 3, 2008.]
Much of the newer commercial development has been along the Warwick Boulevard and Jefferson Avenue corridors, with newer planned industrial, commercial, and mixed development such as Oyster Point, Kiln Creek and the City Center. While the downtown area had long been the area of the city that offered the traditional urban layout, the city has supported a number of New Urbanism
projects. One is Port Warwick
, named after the fictional city in William Styron
's novel, ''Lie Down in Darkness
''. Port Warwick includes housing for a broad variety of citizens, from retired persons to off-campus housing for Christopher Newport University
students. Also included are several high-end restaurants and upscale shopping.
City Center at Oyster Point
, located near Port Warwick, has been touted as the new "downtown" because of its new geographic centrality on the Virginia Peninsula, its proximity to the retail/business nucleus of the city, etc. Locally, it is often called simply "City Center". Nearby, the Virginia Living Museum recently completed a $22.6 million expansion plan.
Newport News is also home to a small Korean ethnic enclave
on Warwick Boulevard near the Denbigh neighborhood on the northern end of the city. Although it lacks the density and character of larger, more established enclaves, it has been referred to as "Little Seoul"—being the commercial center for the Hampton Roads Korean community.
Newport News has many distinctive communities and neighborhoods within its boundaries, including Brandon Heights, Brentwood, City Center
, Colony Pines, Christopher Shores-Stuart Gardens, Denbigh
, East End
, Hidenwood, Hilton Village
, Hunter's Glenn, Beaconsdale, Ivy Farms, North End Huntington Heights (Historic District – roughly from 50th to 75th street, along the James River), Jefferson Avenue Park, Kiln Creek
, Lee Hall
, Maxwell Gardens, Morrison
(also known as Harpersville and Gum Grove), Newmarket Village, Newsome Park, Oyster Point
, Parkview, old North Newport News (Center Ave. area), Port Warwick
, Richneck, Riverside
, Shore Park, Summerlake, Village Green
, Windsor Great Park and Warwick
. Some of these neighborhoods are located in the former City of Warwick and Warwick County.
Newport News is located in the humid subtropical climate
zone, with cool to mild winters, and hot, humid summers. Due to the inland location, throughout the year, highs are warmer and lows cooler than areas to the southeast. Snowfall averages per season, and the summer months tend to be slightly wetter. The geographic location of the city, with respect to the principal storm tracks, favours fair weather, as it is south of the average path of storms originating in the higher latitudes, and north of the usual tracks of hurricanes and other major tropical storms.
wpc.ncep.noaa.gov; accessed July 24, 2015.
As of the census
of 2010, there were 180,719 people, 69,686 households, and 46,341 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,637.9 people per square mile (1,018.5/km2
). There were 74,117 housing units at an average density of 1,085.3 per square mile (419.0/km2
). The racial makeup of the city was 49.0% White
, 40.7% African American
, 0.5% Native American
, 2.7% Asian
, 0.2% Pacific Islander
, 2.7% from other races
, and 4.3% from two or more races. Hispanic
of any race were 7.5% of the population (2.5% Puerto Rican, 2.5% Mexican, 0.4% Cuban, 0.3% Panamanian, 0.2% Dominican, 0.2% Guatemalan, 0.2% Honduran).
There were 69,686 households, out of which 35.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.6% were married couples living together, 17.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.5% were non-families. 27.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.04.
The age distribution is: 27.5% under the age of 18, 11.5% from 18 to 24, 32.2% from 25 to 44, 18.8% from 45 to 64, and 10.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $36,597, and the median income for a family was $42,520. Males had a median income of $31,275 versus $22,310 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,843. About 11.3% of families and 13.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.6% of those under age 18 and 9.8% of those age 65 or over.
Newport News experienced 20 murders giving the city a murder rate of 10.8 per 100,000 people in 2005. In 2006, there were 19 murders giving the city a rate of 10.5 per 100,000 people. In 2007 the city had 28 murders with a rate of 15.8 per 100,000 people.
The total crime index rate for Newport News is 434.7; the United States average is 320.9. According to the Congressional Quarterly Press' "2008 City Crime Rankings: Crime in Metropolitan America," Newport News ranked as the 119th most dangerous city larger than 75,000 inhabitants. The neighborhood with the highest crime rates in Newport News is the East End
Among the city's major industries are shipbuilding, military, and aerospace. Newport News Shipbuilding
, owned by Huntington Ingalls Industries
, and the large coal piers supplied by railroad giant CSX Transportation
, the modern Fortune 500
successor to the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway
(C&O). Miles of the waterfront can be seen by automobiles crossing the James River Bridge
and Monitor-Merrimac Memorial Bridge-Tunnel
, which is a portion of the circumferential Hampton Roads Beltway
, linking the city with each of the other major cities of Hampton Roads via Interstate 664 and Interstate 64
. Many U.S. defensive industry suppliers are based in Newport News, and these and nearby military bases employ many residents, in addition to those working at the shipyard and in other harbor-related vocations.
Newport News plays a role in the maritime industry. At the end of CSX railroad tracks lies the Newport News Marine Terminal. Covering , the Terminal has heavy-lift cranes, warehouse capabilities, and container cranes.
Newport News' location next to Hampton Roads along with its rail network has provided advantages for the city. The city houses two industrial parks which enabled manufacturing and distribution to take root in the city. As technology-oriented companies flourished in the 1990s, Newport News became a regional center for technology companies.
Additional companies headquartered out of Newport News include Ferguson Enterprises
and L-3 Flight International Aviation
Newport News Shipbuilding serves as the city's largest employer with over 24,000 employees. Fort Eustis employs over 10,000, making it the second largest employer in the city. Newport News School System creates over 5000 jobs and acts as the city's third largest employer.
Established during World War I
at historic Mulberry Island
, the base at Fort Eustis
in modern times houses the United States Army Training and Doctrine Command
and other activities. In adjacent localities, other U.S. military facilities include Langley Air Force Base
, Naval Weapons Station Yorktown
, Camp Peary
, and the now-deactivated Fort Monroe
. Other installations are located across the James River in South Hampton Roads
, including the world's largest naval base, Naval Station Norfolk
Research and education play a role in the city's economy. The Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility
(TJNAF) is housed in Newport News. TJNAF employs over 675 people and more than 2,000 scientists from around the world conduct research using the facility. Formerly named the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF), its stated mission is "to provide forefront scientific facilities, opportunities and leadership essential for discovering the fundamental structure of nuclear matter; to partner in industry to apply its advanced technology; and to serve the nation and its communities through education and public outreach."
People who have grown up in the Hampton Roads
area have a unique Tidewater accent
which is found among natives of Eastern Virginia and Maryland. Vowels have a longer pronunciation than in most accents.
Near the city's western end, a historic C&O
railroad station, as well as American Civil War
battle sites near historic Lee Hall
along U.S. Route 60
and several 19th century plantations
have all been protected. Many are located along the roads leading to Yorktown
, where many sites of the Historic Triangle
are of both American Revolutionary War
and Civil War significance. The first modern duel of ironclad warship
s, the Battle of Hampton Roads
, took place not far off Newport News Point in 1862.
Recovered artifacts from USS ''Monitor
are displayed at the Mariners' Museum
, one of the more notable museums of its type in the world. The museum's collection totals approximately 32,000 artifacts, international in scope, which include ship models, scrimshaw, maritime paintings, decorative arts, figureheads and engines. The museum also owns and maintains a 550-acre park on which is located the Noland Trail, and the 167-acre Mariners' Lake.
The Virginia War Museum
covers American military history. The museum's collection includes, weapons, vehicles, artifacts, uniforms and posters from various periods of American history. Highlights of the Museum's collection include a section of the Berlin Wall
and the outer wall from Dachau Concentration Camp
The Peninsula Fine Arts Center
contains a rotating gallery of art exhibits. The Center also maintains a permanent "Hands on For Kids" gallery designed for children and families to interact in what the Center describes as "a fun, educational environment that encourages participation with art materials and concepts."
The U.S. Army Transportation Museum
is a United States Army
museum of vehicles and other U.S. Army transportation
-related equipment and memorabilia
. Located on the grounds of Fort Eustis
, The museum reflects the history of the Army, especially of the United States Army Transportation Corps
, and includes close to 100 military vehicles such as land vehicles, watercraft and rolling stock, including stock from the Fort Eustis Military Railroad
. It is officially dedicated to General Frank S. Besson, Jr.
, who was the first four-star general
to lead the transportation command,
and extends over of land, air and sea vehicles and indoor exhibits. The exhibits cover transportation and its role in US Army operations, including topic areas from the American Revolutionary War
through operations in Afghanistan
The Ferguson Center for the Arts
is a theater and concert hall on the campus of Christopher Newport University
. The complex fully opened in September 2005 and contains three distinct, separate concert halls: the Concert Hall, the Music and Theatre Hall, and the Studio Theatre.
The Port Warwick area hosts the annual Port Warwick Art and Sculpture Festival where art vendors gather in Styron Square to show and sell their art. Judges have the chance to name art work best of the Festival.
The Virginia Living Museum
is an outdoor living museum combining aspects of a native wildlife park, science museum, aquarium, botanical preserve, and planetarium.
Newport News has been the home to sports franchises, including the semi-pro football Mason Dixon League's Peninsula Pirates and Peninsula Poseidons and now the Virginia Crusaders. The Christopher Newport University Captains field fourteen sports and compete in the Capital Athletic Conference
in Division III
of the NCAA
High school sports (especially football) play a large role in the city's culture. Sporting stars such as Michael Vick
, Mike Tomlin
, Al Toon
, Aaron Brooks
, and Antoine Bethea
are from Newport News. The city's stadium, John B. Todd Stadium
, houses five high schools' worth of football games usually spread over Thursday, Friday, and Saturday nights. The stadium also holds the schools' track and field meets.
Additional sports options can be found just outside Newport News. On the collegiate level, the College of William and Mary
, Hampton University
, Norfolk State University
and Old Dominion University
offer NCAA Division I
athletics. Virginia Wesleyan College
also provides sports at the NCAA Division III level. The Peninsula Pilots
play just outside the city limits at War Memorial Stadium in Hampton. The Pilots play in the Coastal Plain League
, a summer baseball league. In Norfolk, the Norfolk Tides
of the International League
and the Norfolk Admirals
of the American Hockey League
. In Virginia Beach, the Hampton Roads Piranhas
field men's and women's professional soccer teams.
The Atlantic 10 Conference
has been headquartered in Newport News since 2009.
Parks and recreation
Newport News Parks is responsible for the maintenance of 32 city parks. The smallest is less than half an acre (2,000 m2
). The largest, Newport News Park
, is . They are scattered throughout the city, from Endview Plantation
in the northern end of the city to King-Lincoln Park
in the southern end near the Monitor-Merrimac Memorial Bridge-Tunnel
. The parks offer services to visitors, ranging from traditional park services like camping
and fishing to activities like archery
and disc golf
Newport News Park is in the northern part of the city. The city's golf course lies in the park along with camping and outdoor activities. There are over of trails in the Newport News Park complex. It has a multi-use bike path. The park offers bicycle and helmet rental, and requires helmet use by children under 14. Newport News Park offers an archery range, disc golf course, and an "aeromodel flying field" for remote-controlled aircraft, complete with a runway.
The city supplies two public boat ramps for its citizens: Denbigh Park Boat Ramp
and Hilton Pier/Ravine
Denbigh Park allows access into the Warwick River
, a tributary of the James River
. Denbigh Park also offers a small fishing pier
. Hilton Pier offers a small beach in addition to a ravine. Croaker
are the fish primarily caught during the summer months and the pier is accessible to visitors in wheelchairs.
The City of Newport News operates two local government PEG ChannelsNewport News Television
(NNTV) and NNTV2. NNTV airs on cable channels Cox
48 & Verizon
19 while NNTV2 is on Cox
46 & Verizon
also operates a YouTube
channel of their programming. Residents of Newport News can find programs highlighting local events and various things to do around the city. NNTV airs the City Council Meetings and Planning Commission Meetings live for the public to view while NNTV2 is a bulletin board channel that displays slides for various city events and essential information for residents. NNTV also produces the local Crimeline reports with officers from the Newport News Police Department.
Newport News is also served by several television stations. The Hampton Roads designated market area
(DMA) is the 43rd largest in the U.S. with 712,790 homes (0.64% of the total U.S.).
"Nielsen Reports 1.1% increase in U.S. Television Households for the 2006–2007 Season"
, ''Nielsen Media Research'', September 23, 2006. Retrieved on September 28, 2007.
The major network television affiliates are WTKR-TV
), and WPXV
49 (ION Television
) and The Public Broadcasting Service
station is WHRO-TV
Newport News's daily newspaper is the ''Daily Press
''. Other papers include the ''Port Folio Weekly
'', the ''New Journal and Guide
'', the ''Hampton Roads Business Journal
'', and the James River Journal.
Christopher Newport University
publishes its own newspaper, ''The Captain's Log''.
Hampton Roads Magazine serves as a bi-monthly regional magazine for Newport News and the Hampton Roads
''Hampton Roads Times'' serves as an online magazine for all the Hampton Roads cities and counties. Newport News is served by a variety of radio stations on the AM and FM dials, with towers located around the Hampton Roads
Prior to 1956, Newport News voted in line with a Solid South
county except for 1928 when anti-Catholic voting boosted Herbert Hoover
to a victory in the county & statewide. From 1956 to 2004, it became a swing county, but became increasingly Democratic towards the end of that stretch. From 2008 on, it has become solidly Democratic thanks in a part to its urban nature & large African American minority. In each presidential election from 2008 on, Democratic candidates have won at least 60% of the county's vote while no Republican candidate has cracked 40%.
Newport News is an independent city
with services that counties and cities in Virginia provide, such as a sheriff
, social services, and a court system.
Newport News operates under a council-manager form of government, which consists of a city council
with representatives from three districts serving in a legislative
and oversight capacity, as well as a popularly elected, at-large mayor. The city manager
serves as head of the executive branch
and supervises all city departments and executing policies adopted by the council. Citizens in the three wards elect two council representatives each to serve a four-year term. The city council meets at City Hall twice a month and, as of April 2017, consisted of Mayor McKinley L. Price, Vice Mayor Tina L. Vick, Herbert H. Bateman Jr., Sharon P. Scott, Dr. Patricia "Pat" Woodbury, Saundra Nelson Cherry, D. Min., and Marcellus L. Harris III.
The city manager iCindy Rohlf
Newport News has a federal courthouse for the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia
. A new courthouse will be constructed in the future. Additionally, Newport News has its own General District and Circuit Courts which convene downtown. The city is in the , served by U.S. Representative Robert C. Scott
The main provider of primary and secondary education in the city is Newport News Public Schools
. The school system includes many elementary schools, six middle schools, and the high schools, Denbigh High School
, Heritage High School
, Menchville High School
, Warwick High School
, An Achievable Dream Middle/High School
, and Woodside High School
. All middle, high schools, and elementary schools are fully accredited. Dutrow Elementary is an example of an elementary school that offers a Talented And Gifted program for fifth graders, or rising sixth graders. Crittenden Middle School offers a STEM magnet program to students throughout the district, preparing them for careers in Science, Technology, Engineering and Math. Warwick High School is widely known for its IB program to prepare students at all grade levels for college course levels of thinking.
Several private schools are located in the area, including Denbigh Baptist Christian School
, Hampton Roads Academy
, Peninsula Catholic High School
, Trinity Lutheran School
, and Warwick River Christian School
The city contains Christopher Newport University
, a public university. Other nearby public universities include Old Dominion University
, Norfolk State University
and The College of William and Mary
. Hampton University
, a private university, also sits a few miles from the city limits. Newport News Shipbuilding
operates The Apprentice School, a vocational school teaching various shipyard and related trades.
Thomas Nelson Community College
serves as the community college. Located in neighboring Hampton and in nearby Williamsburg, Thomas Nelson offers college and career training programs. Most institutions in the Hampton Roads areas are home to a variety of students but commuter students make up a large portion.
Newport News has an elaborate transportation network, including interstate
and state highway
s, bridges and a bridge-tunnel
, freight and passenger railroad service, local transit bus
and intercity bus service, and a commercial airport. There are miles of waterfront docks and port facilities.
Newport News is served by three airports. Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport
, in Newport News; Norfolk International Airport
, in Norfolk; and Richmond International Airport
all of which cater to passengers from Hampton Roads.
The primary airport for the Virginia Peninsula is the Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport
. As of 2011, it was experiencing a 5th year of record, double-digit growth, making it one of the fastest growing airports in the country. In January 2006, the airport reported having served 1,058,839 passengers. On February 4, 2010, the airport announced a new airline, Frontier Airlines, with direct flights to Denver, Colorado. It is also undergoing a $23 million expansion project. In 2012, Newport News became home to its own airline, PeoplExpress, which launched with headquarters at the Newport News/Williamsburg airport. Its inaugural first flights took place June 30, 2014 and now includes more than seven destinations. ,
Norfolk International Airport
also serves the region. The airport is near the Chesapeake Bay, along the city limits of Norfolk
and Virginia Beach
Seven airlines provide nonstop services to 25 destinations. ORF had 3,703,664 passengers take off or land at its facility and 68,778,934 pounds of cargo were processed through its facilities.
The Chesapeake Regional Airport
provides general aviation services and is on the other side of the Hampton Roads Harbor.
serves the city with four trains a day. The line runs west along the Virginia Peninsula
and points beyond. Connecting buses are available to Norfolk and Virginia Beach. A high-speed rail connection at Richmond to the Northeast Corridor
and the Southeast High Speed Rail Corridor
is under study.
service is provided by Greyhound Lines
(Carolina Trailways). The bus station is on Warwick Boulevard in the Denbigh
area. Transportation in the city, as well as with other major cities of Hampton Roads is served by a regional bus service, Hampton Roads Transit
. A connecting service for local routes serving Williamsburg, James City County, and upper York County is operated by Williamsburg Area Transit Authority
at Lee Hall
The Newport News Waterworks was begun as a project of Collis P. Huntington
as part of the development of the lower peninsula with the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway
, the coal pier
s on the harbor of Hampton Roads
, and massive shipyard which were the major sources of industrial growth which helped found Newport News as a new independent city in 1896. It included initially an impoundment of the Warwick River
in western Warwick County
. Later expansions included more reservoirs, including one at Skiffe's Creek
and another at Walkers Dam
on the Chickahominy River
A regional water provider, in modern times it is owned and operated by the City of Newport News, and serves over 400,000 people in the cities of Hampton, Newport News, Poquoson, and portions of York County and James City County.
The city provides wastewater services for residents and transports wastewater to the regional Hampton Roads Sanitation District treatment plants.
Newport News has three sister cities
[Sister Cities designated b]
Sister Cities International, Inc. (SCI)
. Retrieved on August 18, 2006.
* List of people from Hampton Roads
* List of Mayors of Newport News, Virginia
* National Register of Historic Places listings in Newport News, Virginia
* Newport News Department of Parks, Recreation and Tourism
* Newport News Sheriff's Office
* Warwick County, Virginia
Category:Populated places established in 1619
Category:Former county seats in Virginia
Category:1619 establishments in Virginia
Category:Cities in Virginia
Category:Populated places in Hampton Roads