Newport, Rhode Island
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Newport is a seaside city on
Aquidneck Island Rhode Island, also known as Aquidneck Island, is an island in Narragansett Bay in the state of Rhode Island, which is named after the island. The total land area is , which makes it the largest island in the bay. The 2000 United States Census repor ...
in
Newport County, Rhode Island Newport County is one of five County (United States), counties located in the U.S. state of Rhode Island. As of the 2010 United States Census, 2010 census, the population was 82,888. It is also one of the seven regions of Rhode Island. The county ...
. It is located in
Narragansett Bay Narragansett Bay is a bay and estuary on the north side of Rhode Island Sound covering , of which is in Rhode Island. The bay forms New England's largest estuary, which functions as an expansive natural harbor and includes a small archipelago. Smal ...

Narragansett Bay
, approximately southeast of
Providence Providence often refers to: * Providentia, the divine personification of foresight in ancient Roman religion * Divine providence, divinely ordained events and outcomes in Christianity * Providence, Rhode Island, the capital of Rhode Island in the U ...

Providence
, south of
Fall River, Massachusetts Fall River is a city in Bristol County, Massachusetts, Bristol County, Massachusetts, United States. The City of Fall River's population was 94,000 at the 2020 United States census, 2020 United States Census, making it the List of municipalities ...
, south of
Boston Boston (, ), officially the City of Boston, is the and city of the of in the and 21st . The city proper covers with an estimated population of 692,600 in 2019, also making it the most populous city in . It is the seat of (although the c ...

Boston
, and northeast of New York City. It is known as a
New England New England is a region comprising six states in the Northeastern United States The Northeastern United States (also referred to as the American Northeast, the Northeast, and the East Coast) is a geographical region In geography G ...

New England
summer resort and is famous for its historic
mansions A mansion is a large dwelling house. The word itself derives through Old French Old French (, , ; French language, Modern French: ) was the language spoken in Northern France from the 8th century to the 14th century. Rather than a unified Dia ...
and its rich
sailing Sailing employs the wind—acting on sail A sail is a tensile structure—made from fabric or other membrane materials—that uses wind power to propel sailing craft, including sailing ships, sailboat sloop ged sloop Image:Sail plan s ...
history. It was the location of the first U.S. Open tournaments in both
tennis Tennis is a racket sport Racket sports are game with separate sliding drawer, from 1390–1353 BC, made of glazed faience, dimensions: 5.5 × 7.7 × 21 cm, in the Brooklyn Museum (New York City) '', 1560, Pieter Bruege ...
and
golf Golf is a club-and-ball sport Sport pertains to any form of Competition, competitive physical activity or game that aims to use, maintain or improve physical ability and skills while providing enjoyment to participants and, in some cases ...
, as well as every challenge to the
America's Cup The America's Cup, informally known as the Auld Mug, is a trophy awarded in the sailing (sport), sport of sailing. It is the oldest International sport, international competition still operating in any sport. America's Cup match racing, match ...

America's Cup
between 1930 and 1983. It is also the home of
Salve Regina University Salve Regina University (Salve) is a private university Private universities (and private colleges) are usually not operated by governments, although many receive tax breaks, public student loans, and grant (money), grants. Depending on their ...

Salve Regina University
and
Naval Station Newport The Naval Station Newport (NAVSTA Newport) is a United States Navy ), (unofficial)."''Non sibi sed patriae''" ( en, "Not for self but for country") (unofficial). , colors = Blue and gold  , colors_label ...
, which houses the United States
Naval War College The Naval War College (NWC or NAVWARCOL) is the staff college and "Home of Thought" for the United States Navy at Naval Station Newport in Newport, Rhode Island. The NWC educates and develops leaders, supports defining the future Navy and associ ...

Naval War College
, the
Naval Undersea Warfare Center The Naval Undersea Warfare Center (NUWC) is the United States Navy's full-spectrum research, development, test and evaluation, engineering and fleet support center for submarines, autonomous underwater systems, and offensive and defensive weapons s ...
, and an important Navy training center. It was a major 18th-century port city and boasts many buildings from the Colonial history of the United States, Colonial era. The city is the county seat of Newport County, Rhode Island, Newport County, which has no governmental functions other than court administrative and sheriff corrections boundaries. It was known for being the location of the "Summer White Houses" during the administrations of presidents Dwight D. Eisenhower and John F. Kennedy. The population is 25,163 as of the 2020 United States census, 2020 census.


History


Colonial period

Newport was founded in 1639 on
Aquidneck Island Rhode Island, also known as Aquidneck Island, is an island in Narragansett Bay in the state of Rhode Island, which is named after the island. The total land area is , which makes it the largest island in the bay. The 2000 United States Census repor ...
, another name given to Rhode Island. Its eight founders and first officers were Nicholas Easton, William Coddington, John Clarke (Baptist minister), John Clarke, John Coggeshall, William Brenton, Jeremy Clarke (Governor), Jeremy Clark, Thomas Hazard, and Henry Bull (Governor), Henry Bull. Many of these people were part of the settlement at Portsmouth, Rhode Island, Portsmouth, along with Anne Hutchinson and her followers. They separated within a year of that settling Portsmouth, so Coddington and the others began the settlement of Newport on the southern side of the island. Newport eventually grew to be the largest of the four original settlements that later became the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, including Providence Plantations and Warwick, Rhode Island, Shawomett. Many of the first colonists in Newport became Baptists, and the second Baptist congregation in Rhode Island was formed in 1640 under the leadership of John Clarke. In 1658, a group of Jews was welcomed to settle in Newport. Fleeing the Inquisition in Spain and Portugal, they were not allowed to settle elsewhere. This group eventually came to be known as Congregation Jeshuat Israel, and is the second-oldest Jewish congregation in the United States. They also meet in the oldest synagogue in the U.S., Touro Synagogue. The Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations received its royal charter in 1663. Benedict Arnold (governor), Benedict Arnold was elected as the first governor. Upon its completion in 1741, The Old Colony House, at the head of Washington Square (Newport, Rhode Island), Washington Square in Newport, served as the seat of Rhode Island's government until the current Rhode Island State House in Providence was completed in 1904. At that time, Providence, Rhode Island became the state's sole capital city. Prior to that, Newport was the most important port in colonial Rhode Island, and a public school was established in 1640.The commercial activity that raised Newport to its fame as a rich port began with the immigration of a second wave of Portuguese Jews, who settled there around the middle of the 18th century. The new settlers had been practicing Judaism secretly for 300 years in Portugal, and they were attracted to Rhode Island because of its freedom of worship. Besides their religion, they brought with them commercial experience, connections, capital, and a spirit of enterprise. Most prominent among them were Jacob Rodrigues Rivera, who arrived in 1745 (died 1789). Rivera introduced the manufacture of sperm oil, derived from sperm whales. This became one of Newport's leading industries and made the town a wealthy, prominent whaling community. Newport developed 17 manufacturers of oil and candles, and enjoyed a practical monopoly of this trade until the American Revolution. Aaron Lopez is also credited with making Newport an important center of trade. He encouraged 40 Portuguese Jewish families to settle there, and within 14 years, Newport had 150 vessels engaged in trade. Lopez was involved in the slave trade, as were other shipping magnates, and the manufacture of spermaceti candles, ships, barrels, rum, chocolate, textiles, clothes, shoes, hats, and bottles. Although Lopez became the wealthiest man in Newport, he was denied citizenship on religious grounds, even though British law protected the rights of Jews to become citizens in England. Lopez appealed to the Rhode Island colonial legislature for redress and was refused with this ruling: Lopez persisted by applying for citizenship in Massachusetts, where it was granted. From the mid-17th century, the religious tolerance in Newport attracted numbers of Quakers, known also as the ''Society of Friends''. The Great Friends Meeting House in Newport (1699) is the oldest existing structure of worship in Rhode Island. In 1727, James Franklin (printer), James Franklin (brother of Benjamin Franklin) printed the ''Rhode-Island Almanack'' in Newport. In 1732, he published the first newspaper, the ''Rhode Island Gazette''. In 1758, his son James founded the weekly newspaper ''Mercury''. The famous 18th century Goddard and Townsend furniture was also made in Newport. Throughout the 18th century, Newport suffered from an imbalance of trade with the largest colonial ports. As a result, Newport merchants were forced to develop alternatives to conventional exports. In the 1720s, Colonial leaders arrested many pirates, acting under pressure from the British government. Many were hanged in Newport and buried on Goat Island, Rhode Island, Goat Island. File:Spring and Mary streets, Newport, RI edit.jpg, Colonial buildings in the Newport Historic District (Rhode Island), Newport Historic District File:Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry by William Green Turner, 1885 - Eisenhower Park - Newport, Rhode Island - DSC03984.jpg, Oliver Perry Monument in Eisenhower Park File:Touro Synagogue, Newport, Rhode Island.jpg, Touro Synagogue, America's oldest existing synagogue


Slave trade

Newport was a major center of the slave trade in colonial and early America, active in the Atlantic slave trade#Triangular trade, "triangle trade" in which slave-produced sugar and molasses from the Caribbean were carried to Rhode Island and distilled into rum that was then carried to West Africa and exchanged for captives. In 1764, Rhode Island had about 30 rum distilleries, 22 in Newport alone. Most of these enslaved people were buried at The Common Burial Ground on Farewell Street. 60% of slave-trading voyages launched from North America were issued from Rhode Island, in some years more than 90%, and many from Newport. Almost half were trafficked illegally, breaking a 1787 law prohibiting residents of the state from trading in slaves. Slave traders were also breaking federal statutes of 1794 and 1800 barring Americans from carrying slaves to ports outside the United States, as well as the Act Prohibiting Importation of Slaves, 1807 Congressional act abolishing the transatlantic slave trade. A few Rhode Island families made substantial fortunes in the trade. William Vernon, William and Samuel Vernon were Newport merchants who later played an important role in financing the creation of the United States Navy; they sponsored 30 African slaving ventures. However, it was the DeWolfs of Bristol, Rhode Island, and most notably James De Wolf, who was the largest slave-trading family in all of North America, mounting more than 80 transatlantic voyages, most of them illegal. The Rhode Island slave trade was broadly based. Seven hundred Rhode Islanders owned or captained slave ships, most of who were substantial merchants, though many were ordinary shopkeepers and tradesmen who purchased shares in slaving voyages. Although it was one of America's most active slave ports, Newport was inhabited by a small group of abolitionists and free blacks. Reverend Samuel Hopkins (theologian), Samuel Hopkins, minister at Newport's United Congregational Church (Newport, Rhode Island), First Congregational Church, has been called "America's first abolitionist". Among subscribers to Hopkins' writings were 17 free black citizens, most of whom lived in Newport. This community of freemen, including Newport Gardner, founded the Free African Union Society in 1780: the first African Benefit society, mutual aid society in America.


American Revolutionary era

Newport was the scene of much activity during the American Revolution. William Ellery, one of the signers of the United States Declaration of Independence, Declaration of Independence, was a Newport native. Ellery went on to serve on the Naval Committee. In the winter of 1775 and 1776, the Rhode Island Legislature placed militia general William West (Rhode Island politician), William West in charge of rooting out Loyalist (American Revolution), loyalists in Newport, which resulted in several individuals being exiled to the northern part of the state, including Joseph Wanton and Thomas Vernon. In the fall of 1776, the British took over the city so that Newport could be used as a naval base to attack New York (which they had recently occupied). The population of Newport had divided loyalties. Many pro-independence Patriots left town, while loyalist Tories remained. Newport remained a British stronghold for the next three years. In the summer of 1778, the Americans began the campaign known as the Battle of Rhode Island. This was the first joint operation between the Americans and the French after the signing of the Treaty of Alliance (1778), Treaty of Alliance. The Americans based in Tiverton, Rhode Island, Tiverton planned a formal siege of the town. However, the French refused to take part, instead preferring a frontal assault. This weakened the American position, and the British were able to expel the Americans from the island. The following year, the British abandoned Newport, to concentrate their forces in New York. On July 10, 1780, Expédition Particulière, a French expedition arrived in
Narragansett Bay Narragansett Bay is a bay and estuary on the north side of Rhode Island Sound covering , of which is in Rhode Island. The bay forms New England's largest estuary, which functions as an expansive natural harbor and includes a small archipelago. Smal ...

Narragansett Bay
off Newport with an army of 450 officers and 5,300 men, sent by King Louis XVI and commanded by Jean-Baptiste Donatien de Vimeur, comte de Rochambeau. For the rest of the war, Newport served as the base of the French forces in the United States. In July 1781, Rochambeau was finally able to leave Newport for
Providence Providence often refers to: * Providentia, the divine personification of foresight in ancient Roman religion * Divine providence, divinely ordained events and outcomes in Christianity * Providence, Rhode Island, the capital of Rhode Island in the U ...

Providence
to begin the Washington–Rochambeau Revolutionary Route, decisive march to Yorktown, Virginia, along with General George Washington. The first Roman Catholic mass in Rhode Island was said in Newport during this time. The Rochambeau Monument (Newport, RI), Rochambeau Monument in King Park on Wellington Avenue, along Newport Harbor, commemorates Rochambeau's contributions to the Revolutionary War and to Newport's history. Newport's population fell from over 9,000 (according to the census of 1774) to fewer than 4,000 by the time that the war ended (1783). Over 200 abandoned buildings were torn down in the 1780s. As well, the war destroyed Newport's economic wealth, because years of military occupation closed the city to any form of trade. The Newport merchants moved to other areas; some to Providence, others to
Boston Boston (, ), officially the City of Boston, is the and city of the of in the and 21st . The city proper covers with an estimated population of 692,600 in 2019, also making it the most populous city in . It is the seat of (although the c ...

Boston
and New York. It was in Newport that the Rhode Island General Assembly voted to ratify the United States Constitution, Constitution in 1790 and become the 13th state, acting under pressure from the merchant community of Providence. The city was the last residence of Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry and the birthplace of Commodore Matthew C. Perry and the History of Unitarianism#Formative_period, Unitarian theologian William Ellery Channing.


Gilded Age

Beginning in the mid-nineteenth century, wealthy southern planters seeking to escape the heat began to build summer cottages on Bellevue Avenue, such as Kingscote (mansion), Kingscote (1839). Around the middle of the century, wealthy northerners, such as the Wetmore family, began construction on larger mansions, such as Chateau-sur-Mer (1852) nearby. Most of these early families made a substantial part of their fortunes in the Old China Trade. By the turn of the 20th century, many of the nation's wealthiest families were summering in Newport, including the Vanderbilt family, Vanderbilts, Astor family, Astors, and the Widener family, who constructed the largest "cottages," such as The Breakers (1895) and Miramar (mansion), Miramar. They resided for a brief summer social season in grand, gilded mansions with elaborate receiving rooms, dining rooms, music rooms, and ballrooms—but with few bedrooms, since the guests were expected to have "cottages" of their own. Many of the homes were designed by New York architect Richard Morris Hunt, who kept a house in Newport himself. The social scene at Newport is described in Edith Wharton's novel ''The Age of Innocence''. Wharton's own Newport "cottage" was called Land's End''.'' Today, many mansions continue in private use. Hammersmith Farm is the mansion where John F. Kennedy and Jackie Kennedy held their wedding reception; it was open to tourists as a "house museum", but has since been purchased and reconverted into a private residence. Many of the other mansions are open to tourists, and others were converted into academic buildings for Salve Regina College in the 1930s, when the owners could no longer afford their tax bills. In the mid-19th century, a large number of Irish immigrants settled in Newport. The Fifth Ward of Newport in the southern part of the city became a staunch Irish neighborhood for many generations. To this day, St. Patrick's Day is an important day of pride and celebration in Newport, with a large parade down Thames Street. The oldest Catholic parish in Rhode Island is St. Mary's Church Complex (Newport, Rhode Island), St. Mary's, located on Spring Street, though the current building is not original. File:The_Breakers_interior_05.jpg, The Breakers (1895) File:The_Elms_-_Rhode_Island.jpg, The Elms (Newport, Rhode Island), The Elms (1901) File:The President's vacation - on Bellevue Avenue, Newport - drawn by W.P. Snyder. LCCN98511692 (cropped).jpg, President Chester A. Arthur vacationed in Newport in 1884


Bicycling history

In the late nineteenth century, Newport became the center of an emerging pastime for young, athletic, upper-class men: bicycling. On May 29, 1880, representatives of 31 cycling clubs convened in Newport to hold a parade and meeting, and formed the League of American Bicyclists, League of American Wheelmen, the first national bicycling organization. The League was instrumental in establishing the Good Roads Movement.


20th century and beyond

Rhode Island did not have a fixed capital during and after the colonial era, but rotated its legislative sessions among Providence, Newport, Bristol, East Greenwich, and South Kingstown. In 1854, the sessions were eliminated in cities other than Providence and Newport, and Newport was ultimately dropped six years later, in 1900. A constitutional amendment that year restricted the meetings of the legislature to Providence.


The Kennedys and Newport

First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis had many ties to Newport. She spent her childhood summers at Newport's Hammersmith Farm. She and John Fitzgerald Kennedy attended nearby St. Mary's Church (Newport, Rhode Island), St. Mary's Church and were married there on September 12, 1953. The Kennedys sailed their yacht ''Honey Fitz'' in
Narragansett Bay Narragansett Bay is a bay and estuary on the north side of Rhode Island Sound covering , of which is in Rhode Island. The bay forms New England's largest estuary, which functions as an expansive natural harbor and includes a small archipelago. Smal ...

Narragansett Bay
, golfed at Newport Country Club, dined at White Horse Tavern (Newport, Rhode Island), The White Horse Tavern, and attended social events at The Breakers. Presidents John F. Kennedy, Kennedy and Dwight Eisenhower, Eisenhower both made Newport the sites of their "Summer White Houses" during their years in office. Eisenhower stayed at Quarters A at the
Naval War College The Naval War College (NWC or NAVWARCOL) is the staff college and "Home of Thought" for the United States Navy at Naval Station Newport in Newport, Rhode Island. The NWC educates and develops leaders, supports defining the future Navy and associ ...

Naval War College
and at what became known as the Eisenhower House, while Kennedy used Hammersmith Farm.


U.S. Navy

The city has long been entwined with the United States Navy. It held the campus of the U.S. Naval Academy during the American Civil War (1861–65) when the undergraduate officer training school was temporarily moved north from Annapolis, Maryland. From 1952 to 1973, it hosted the Cruiser-Destroyer Force of the United States Fleet Forces Command, U.S. Atlantic Fleet, and subsequently, it has hosted smaller numbers of warships from time to time. Today it hosts
Naval Station Newport The Naval Station Newport (NAVSTA Newport) is a United States Navy ), (unofficial)."''Non sibi sed patriae''" ( en, "Not for self but for country") (unofficial). , colors = Blue and gold  , colors_label ...
(NAVSTA Newport) and remains home to the U.S.
Naval War College The Naval War College (NWC or NAVWARCOL) is the staff college and "Home of Thought" for the United States Navy at Naval Station Newport in Newport, Rhode Island. The NWC educates and develops leaders, supports defining the future Navy and associ ...

Naval War College
and the Naval Education and Training Command (NETC), the center for Surface Warfare Officer training, the Navy Supply Corps School and other schools, and the headquarters of the
Naval Undersea Warfare Center The Naval Undersea Warfare Center (NUWC) is the United States Navy's full-spectrum research, development, test and evaluation, engineering and fleet support center for submarines, autonomous underwater systems, and offensive and defensive weapons s ...
. The Ship decommissioning, decommissioned aircraft carrier was moored in an inactive status at the docks previously used by the Cruiser-Destroyer Force until it was towed to Brownsville, Texas in August–September 2014 to be dismantled. The shared the pier until June 2010. The departure of the Cruiser-Destroyer fleet from Newport, and the closure of nearby Naval Air Station Quonset Point in 1973 were devastating to the local economy. The population of Newport decreased, businesses closed, and property values plummeted. However, in the late 1960s, the city began revitalizing the downtown area with the construction of America's Cup Avenue, malls of stores and condominiums, and upscale hotels. Construction was also completed on the Claiborne Pell Newport Bridge, Newport Bridge. The Preservation Society of Newport County began opening Newport's historic mansions to the public, and the tourist industry has become Newport's primary commercial enterprise over the subsequent years.


Geography and climate

Newport is located at . It is the most populous municipality on
Aquidneck Island Rhode Island, also known as Aquidneck Island, is an island in Narragansett Bay in the state of Rhode Island, which is named after the island. The total land area is , which makes it the largest island in the bay. The 2000 United States Census repor ...
in
Narragansett Bay Narragansett Bay is a bay and estuary on the north side of Rhode Island Sound covering , of which is in Rhode Island. The bay forms New England's largest estuary, which functions as an expansive natural harbor and includes a small archipelago. Smal ...

Narragansett Bay
. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of , of which is land and , or 32.64%, is water. The Claiborne Pell Newport Bridge, Newport Bridge, the longest suspension bridge in New England, connects Newport to neighboring Conanicut Island across the East Passage of the Narragansett. Being surrounded by ocean water, Newport is often cooler than some coastal cities further north, such as Boston#Climate, Boston.


Demographics

As of 2013, there were 24,027 people, 10,616 households, and 4,933 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,204.2 people per square mile (1,239.8/km). There were 13,069 housing units at an average density of 1,697.3 per square mile (656.7/km). The racial makeup of the city was 82.5% White (U.S. Census), White, 6.9% African American (U.S. Census), African American, 0.8% Native American (U.S. Census), Native American, 1.4% Asian (U.S. Census), Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander (U.S. Census), Pacific Islander, 3.1% Race (United States Census), some other race, and 5.2% from two or more races. Hispanic (U.S. Census), Hispanic or Latino (U.S. Census), Latino of any race were 8.4% of the population (3.3% Puerto Rican American, Puerto Rican, 1.2% Guatemalan American, Guatemalan, 1.1% Mexican American, Mexican). There were 10,616 households, out of which: 21.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 30.9% were headed by married couples living together, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 53.5% were non-families. 41.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.7% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.05, and the average family size was 2.82. The age distribution was 16.5% under the age of 18, 16.3% from 18 to 24, 28.1% from 25 to 44, 24.9% from 45 to 64, and 14.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36.4 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.3 males. For the period 2009–11, the estimated median annual income for a household in the city was $59,388, and the median income for a family was $83,880. Male full-time workers had a median income of $52,221 versus $41,679 for females. The per capita income for the city was $35,644. About 10.7% of the population were below the poverty line.


Culture

The Newport Historic District (Rhode Island), Newport Historic District–one of the city's three National Historic Landmark Districts—boasts one of the highest concentrations of colonial homes in the nation. Doris Duke, heir to the tobacco fortune of her father, James B. Duke, founded the Newport Restoration Foundation (NRF) in 1968, and for the next 25 years, until her death in 1993, saved much of Newport's colonial architectural heritage. Under Duke's leadership, the NRF restored more than 80 18th- and early 19th-century buildings in Newport and neighboring Middletown, Rhode Island, most of which are still owned by the Foundation. In addition to colonial architecture, the city is known for its Gilded Age mansions, summer "cottages" built in varying styles copied from the royal palaces of Europe. The White Horse Tavern (Rhode Island), White Horse Tavern was built prior to 1673 and is one of the oldest taverns in the US. Newport is also home to the Touro Synagogue, one of the oldest Jewish houses of worship in the Western hemisphere, It also boasts one of the nation's oldest lending libraries, the Redwood Library and Athenaeum. The Save The Bay Exploration Center and Aquarium, located in the rotunda at Easton's Beach, welcomes 30,000 visitors and 3,500 students and teachers from across southern New England each year. File:Newport Rhode Island Public Library.jpg, Newport Public Library File:Redwood Library and Athenaeum - Newport, RI (51487895396).jpg, Redwood Library and Athenaeum File:Marble House, Newport.jpg, Marble House, owned and operated by the Preservation Society of Newport County, Preservation Society File:Save_the_Bay_Exploration_Center_and_Aquarium.jpg, Save The Bay Exploration Center and Aquarium


Recreation


Sailing and beaches

Newport is sometimes referred to as the "Sailing Capital of the World". The city was chosen as the new home of the National Sailing Hall of Fame which moved from Annapolis, Maryland in 2019. Several sailing clubs are based in the city, including the New York Yacht Club and the Ida Lewis Yacht Club. Newport was the site of the
America's Cup The America's Cup, informally known as the Auld Mug, is a trophy awarded in the sailing (sport), sport of sailing. It is the oldest International sport, international competition still operating in any sport. America's Cup match racing, match ...

America's Cup
sailing races from 1930 to 1983, and it remains the starting point of the biannual 635 nautical-mile Newport Bermuda Race. Aquidneck Island has many beaches, both public and private. The largest public beach is Easton's beach or First Beach, which has a view of the Newport Cliff Walk. The Cliff Walk is one of the most popular attractions in the city. It is a public access walkway bordering the shoreline and has been designated a National Recreation Trail. Sachuest Beach or Second Beach in Middletown is the second-largest beach in the area. Gooseberry Beach is private but is open to the public on certain days of the year. It is located on Ocean Drive, along with the private beaches, Bailey's Beach and Hazard's Beach. In 2014 Maya Lin, the architect who designed the Vietnam Memorial in Washington D.C., completed a $3.5 million renovation of Queen Anne Square Park, titled "The Meeting Room." Brenton Point State Park is the site of the annual Brenton Point Kite Festival. Newport is also home to the Newport Country Club, which hosted the US Open (tennis), 2007 Women's US Open and the 1995 Men's United States Amateur Championship (golf), US Amateurs.


Music festivals

Fort Adams which houses the Museum of Yachting and hosts both the Newport Folk Festival and the Newport Jazz Festival, dates back to the War of 1812. The Jazz Festival was established in 1954 by local socialite Elaine Lorillard and music promoter George Wein. It was held annually until 1971, and was re-established in Newport in 1981. In 1959, George Wein, folk singer Pete Seeger, and music manager Albert Grossman established the Newport Folk Festival as a counterpart to the Jazz Festival. It was held in Newport through 1969, returned to the city in 1985, and has been held annually at Fort Adams since. The Folk Festival was the venue for a Electric Dylan controversy, controversial performance by singer-songwriter Bob Dylan in July 1965 that proved influential to the "folk rock movement". Both festivals were held at other venues in Newport before moving to Fort Adams when they were revived in the 1980s.


Sports

As of Fall 2013, Newport has been designated a Bronze Bicycle Friendly Community by the League of American Bicyclists. The International Tennis Hall of Fame is also located in Newport. The Campbell's Hall of Fame Tennis Championships is held every year in early July, the week following The Championships, Wimbledon, Wimbledon. The week also includes annual enshrinements into the Hall of Fame. The annual Citizens Bank Pell Bridge Run is held every Fall to raise money for local charities.


Education


Primary and secondary schools

Newport Public Schools operates public schools for the area including Claiborne Pell Elementary School, Thompson Middle School, Rogers High School (Newport, Rhode Island), Rogers High School, Newport Area Career and Technical Center, and the Aquidneck Island Adult Learning Center. Prior to 2013, multiple small public elementary schools served the Newport community; the Pell School, a consolidation of those schools, opened in 2013. St. Michael's Country Day School is the only private elementary school in the city. Nearby private primary schools include All Saints Academy in Middletown, Rhode Island, Middletown, The Pennfield School in Portsmouth, Rhode Island, Portsmouth, and St. Philomena School in Portsmouth. Nearby private secondary schools include Portsmouth Abbey School in Portsmouth and St. George's School, Newport, St. George's School in Middletown. St. Joseph of Cluny School was formerly located in Newport, on property given by the estate of Arthur Curtiss James to the Roman Catholic Diocese of Providence in 1941. Military families from Fort Adams requested a Catholic school, so St. Joseph of Cluny opened in September 1957 as a kindergarten and added grades until 1965, when the first eighth-grade graduation was held. Later on, the overall population of Newport declined along with the concentration of middle class families. Much of the housing became too expensive for families with young children, and there were relatively few houses sold to new residents. In addition, many families previously going to the school instead sent their children to the Portsmouth School Department. From 2014 to 2017, the enrollment decreased by a quarter. The school administration stated that this decline and the general competition among private schools in the Newport area meant the operation of the school was no longer viable. It closed in 2017. Betsy Sherman Walker of ''Newport This Week'' described the closure as a "curveball," unexpected by the community.


Tertiary education

Post-secondary schools include the Naval Academy Preparatory School,
Salve Regina University Salve Regina University (Salve) is a private university Private universities (and private colleges) are usually not operated by governments, although many receive tax breaks, public student loans, and grant (money), grants. Depending on their ...

Salve Regina University
,
Naval War College The Naval War College (NWC or NAVWARCOL) is the staff college and "Home of Thought" for the United States Navy at Naval Station Newport in Newport, Rhode Island. The NWC educates and develops leaders, supports defining the future Navy and associ ...

Naval War College
, International Yacht Restoration School, and the Community College of Rhode Island Newport Campus.


Economy

While technology and defense are the largest employment sector in the region, seasonal tourism is a major economic engine of the city of Newport, including hotels, restaurants, and retail. As of 2013, 89.64% of all private employment in the city of Newport was in the service sector. Retail trade was the third largest sector, with 1,341 jobs. Retail and restaurant employment can swell by as many as 1,500 jobs during the peak summer season.


Principal employers

According to Newport's 2020 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the principal employers in the city are:


Notable people


Sister cities

Newport's Sister city, sister cities are: * Imperia, Italy * Kinsale, Ireland * Ponta Delgada, Portugal * Saint John, New Brunswick, Saint John, Canada * Shimoda, Shizuoka, Shimoda, Japan * Skiathos, Greece


In popular culture

Newport was a filming location for ''High Society (1956 film), High Society'' (1956), ''The Great Gatsby (1974 film), The Great Gatsby'' (1974), ''Mr. North'' (1988), Wind (1992 film), ''Wind'' (1992), and ''Moonrise Kingdom'' (2012).Barth, Jack (1991). ''Roadside Hollywood: The Movie Lover's State-By-State Guide to Film Locations, Celebrity Hangouts, Celluloid Tourist Attractions, and More''. Contemporary Books. Pages 256–257. .


See also

* Common Burying Ground and Island Cemetery (includes 'God's Little Acre') * : Buildings and structures in Newport, Rhode Island, Buildings and structures in Newport, Rhode Island


References


Further reading

* Bridenbaugh, Carl (1964) [1938]
''Cities in the Wilderness: The First Century of Urban Life in America 1625–1742''
New York: Capricorn Books. * Bridenbaugh, Carl (1964) [1900]
''Cities in Revolt: Urban Life in America, 1743–1776''
. New York: Capricorn Books. * Crane, Elaine Forman (1985) [1955]
''A Dependent People: Newport, Rhode Island in the Revolutionary Era''
. New York: Fordham University Press. * Crane, Elaine Forman (2018). ''The Poison Plot: A Tale of Adultery and Murder in Colonial Newport''. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press. * Crane, Elaine F. (1980)
The first wheel of commerce': Newport, Rhode Island and the Slave Trade, 1760–1776"
''Slavery and Abolition'' 1#2 pp. 178–198. . * Downing, Antoinette Forrester, and Vincent Joseph Scully (1967). ''The Architectural Heritage of Newport, Rhode Island: 1640–1915''. CN Potter. * Jefferys, C. P. B. (1992). ''Newport: A Short History''. * Withey, Lynne (1984). ''Urban Growth in Colonial Rhode Island: Newport and Providence in the Eighteenth Century''. SUNY Press.


Older titles

* S. G. Arnold (1859–1860). ''History of the State of Rhode Island'' (two volumes). New York. * G. C. Mason (1884). ''Reminiscences of Newport''. Newport. * E. M. Stone (1884).
Our French Allies
'. Providence.

the journal of the Newport Historical Society
''Newport Mansions: Postcards of the Gilded Age''
Schiffer Publishing


External links


City of Newport official website

Discover Newport, official tourism website


from American Studies at the University of Virginia * {{Authority control Newport, Rhode Island, 1639 establishments in Rhode Island Cities in Newport County, Rhode Island Cities in Rhode Island County seats in Rhode Island Former state capitals in the United States, Rhode Island Historic Jewish communities in the United States Narragansett Bay Populated coastal places in Rhode Island Populated places established in 1639 Providence metropolitan area Seaside resorts in Rhode Island