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Newcastle International Airport (IATA: NCL, ICAO: EGNT) is an international airport located near the main area of Newcastle upon Tyne, England, 5 nautical miles (9.3 km; 5.8 mi)[1] north-west of the city centre. In 2016 it was the 11th busiest airport in the United Kingdom and the second busiest in Northern England after Manchester Airport, handling over 4.8 million passengers.[2] Newcastle Airport has a Civil Aviation Authority Public Use Aerodrome Licence (Number P725) that allows flights for the public transport of passengers or for flying instruction.

Ownership

The airport is owned by seven local authorities (51%) and AMP Capital (49%). The seven local authorities are: City of Newcastle, City of Sunderland, Durham County Council, Gateshead MBC, North Tyneside MBC, Northumberland County Council and South Tyneside MBC. In October 2012 Copenhagen Airport sold its stake in the airport to AMP Capital.[3]

Area served

The airport mainly serves the City of Newcastle, the greater Tyneside area, Northumberland and Wearside. The airport competes with the smaller Durham Tees Valley Airport for passengers travelling from and to County Durham and Teesside. Passengers from Cumbria, North Yorkshire and southern Scotland also use the airport, the nearest similar sized airport being Leeds Bradford Airport to the south and the larger Edinburgh and Glasgow airports to the north. In terms of passenger numbers, Newcastle is the second largest airport in the North of England, after Manchester Airport.

History

Newcastle Airport in 1972

The airport was opened on 26 July 1935 as Woolsington Aerodrome by the Secretary of State for Air, Sir Phillip Cunliffe-Lister. Incorporating a clubhouse, hangar, workshops, fuel garage and grass runway, at the time it cost £35,000 to build.[4]

A new runway was built, along with an apron and a new air traffic control tower. These new additions were opened by the Prime Minister, Harold Wilson.[citation needed]

In the 1970s, with passenger figures approaching one million per year, the Airport status was changed to Category B, making it a regional international airport[citation needed], in the same decade it was re-branded as Newcastle Airport. The 1980s saw further investment in check-in, catering and duty-free shops. In 1991, Airport Metro station opened, connecting the airport with Newcastle city centre using the Tyne & Wear Metro system.

Since the 2000s

Main hall

In August 2004, an extended and refurbished Departure Terminal was opened. The refurbishment comprised a 3,000 square metre extension which included new shops, cafes and 1,200 new waiting seats.[5]

In 2006, a record 5.4 million passengers used the Airport, according to Civil Aviation Authority figures.[6]

Rapid expansion in passenger traffic has led to increasing commercial utilization of the south-side of the airport, which was previously used for general aviation, and is now used for freight, mail and corporate flights. This is partially due to difficulties obtaining departure and arrival slots for light aircraft traffic, which need to be separated from larger aircraft to protect against wake turbulence. As part of the Airport Master Plan, the south-side area is to be expanded with maintenance facilities including new hangar and apron areas.[7]

In August 2016, United Airlines announced it would discontinue its seasonal route from Newark to Newcastle in 2017, citing economic reasons.[8] Therefore, Newcastle Airport lost one of its two long-haul services. The other long haul routes is currently flown by Emirates to Dubai-International.

In July 2017, it was announced that the Airport would be investing £3 million on a terminal expansion project which is part of overall £20 million improvement plans running from 2016 to 2017.[9] This £20m improvement plan included new a radar system alongside digital signage in the check-in areas and the installation of new flooring.

The £3m plans include to extend the terminal by 4,800sqft and will increase the equipment in the security hall, bringing in improved technology to make it a quicker process. This is due to be constructed over the winter of 2017/2018.[10]

Cargo and Freight facilities

Newcastle Airport Freight Village is located south to the Airport and bases Emirates SkyCargo, FedEx, Servisair Cargo and North East Air Cargo company offices to deal with freight such as mail and cargo to export and import goods to and from Newcastle and across the world. It also houses Freight Forwarding Agents such as; Casper Logistics ltd, Kintetsu World Express, Kuehne & Nagel, Nippon Express, Schenker International, Davis Turner Air Cargo and Universal Forwarding.[11]

In April 2016, Emirates reported that Flown exports have soared to £310m a year since the arrival of the Emirates service from Newcastle to Dubai.[12] The Dubai route contributes some £600m to the economy and has opened unlimited export avenues to North East firms, some of whom have opened offices in the United Arab Emirates.[12]

All cargo operations are based on the southern apron.

Other airport facilities

The Airport is also home to the Newcastle Airport Fire Academy.[13][14] The Newcastle Aviation Academy is also located within this area. When Gill Airways existed, its head office was in the New Aviation House, on the airport property.[15]

The south side of the Airport also has bases for the Great North Air Ambulance[16] and the NPAS Newcastle Helicopter.[17] They normally have one respective Helicopter based here at a time but are known to rotate their fleet around bases. The area also holds maintenance workshops for the Airport and various other depots for airport ran services like Alpha Catering.[18]

Airlines and destinations

Passenger

The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter services to and from Newcastle:[19]

Airlines Destinations
Aer Lingus Regional Cork, Dublin
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle[20]
BMI Regional Brussels, Stavanger
British Airways London–Heathrow
BH Air Seasonal: Burgas
easyJet Alicante, Barcelona, Berlin–Schönefeld, Belfast–International, Bristol, Faro, Geneva, Málaga, Malta
Seasonal: Corfu, Jersey, Nice, Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes, Split, Tenerife–South
Emirates Dubai–International
Eurowings Düsseldorf
Flybe Aberdeen, Belfast–City, Cardiff, Exeter, Isle of Man,[21] Southampton
Seasonal: Newquay
Freebird Airlines Seasonal charter: Dalaman
Jet2.com Alicante, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Gran Canaria, Lanzarote, Málaga, Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Almeria, Antalya, Bodrum (begins 3 May 2018),[22] Corfu, Dalaman, Dubrovnik, Faro, Girona, Grenoble, Heraklion, Ibiza, Kraków, Larnaca, Malta, Menorca, Murcia, Munich, Palma de Mallorca, Paphos, Pisa, Prague, Reus, Rhodes, Rome–Fiumicino, Thessaloniki (begins 3 May 2018), Zakynthos
KLM Amsterdam
Ryanair Alicante, Dublin, Lanzarote, Madrid, Málaga, Tenerife–South, Warsaw-Modlin, Wroclaw
Seasonal: Faro, Gdańsk, Girona, Palma de Mallorca
Thomas Cook Airlines Fuerteventura, Hurghada,[23] Lanzarote, Tenerife–South
Seasonal: Antalya, Bodrum (begins 7 May 2018),[24] Bourgas, Corfu, Dalaman, Enfidha (begins 1 May 2018), Gran Canaria, Heraklion, Ibiza, Kefalonia, Kos, Larnaca, Menorca, Palma de Mallorca, Reus, Santorini, Skiathos, Zakynthos
TUI Airways Alicante, Gran Canaria, Lanzarote, Tenerife–South
Seasonal: Antalya (begins 23 May 2018),[25] Burgas, Cancún, Corfu, Dubrovnik (begins 30 April 2018; ends 18 October 2018),[25] Dalaman, Enfidha (resumes 3 May 2019),[25] Heraklion, Ibiza, Kefalonia, Kos, Larnaca, Málaga, Menorca, Naples, Orlando–Sanford, Palma de Mallorca, Paphos, Reus, Rhodes, Salzburg, Skiathos (begins 4 May 2018),[25] Thessaloniki (begins 31 May 2018), Verona, Zakynthos
Seasonal charter: Geneva, Innsbruck, Turin[26]

Cargo

Airlines Destinations
FedEx Express Glasgow, Paris-Charles de Gaulle

Accidents and incidents

  • 30 November 2000 - A Piper Aerostar registered N64719 en route to Iceland crashed close to Fearnoch, on the north side of Loch Tay in Perthshire, killing the single crewmember. The aircraft had departed from Newcastle Airport. The accident report concluded that the aircraft gradually lost airspeed during an icing encounter, before stalling and the pilot losing control.[27]

Statistics

The airport saw significant growth in the ten years to 2007, when passenger numbers peaked at 5.65 million, more than double the number handled ten years earlier. Passenger numbers declined in the subsequent four years due to the financial crisis of 2007–2010, with around 4.8 million passengers passing through the airport in 2016 (close to the 2004 total), although cargo volumes have broadly increased to record levels since 2005.[2]

Traffic figures

Newcastle Airport's control tower
Royal Air Force Tornado GR4 at Newcastle Airport
Newcastle Airport Passenger Totals 1997-2017 (millions)
Updated: 26 March 2018.[28]
Number of passengers[nb 1]
Number of movements[nb 2]
Freight
(tonnes)[2]
Mail
(tonnes)[2]
1997 2,642,591 81,279 1,219 3,489
1998 2,984,724 81,299 678 3,631
1999 2,994,051 79,291 776 3,409
2000 3,208,734 82,940 526 3,720
2001 3,431,393 82,524 783 2,859
2002 3,426,952 79,173 1,438 2,368
2003 3,920,204 75,113 924 2,576
2004 4,724,263 77,721 799 7,756
2005 5,200,806 77,882 199 7,820
2006 5,431,976 81,655 306 7,884
2007 5,650,716 79,200 785 8,483
2008 5,039,993 72,904 1,938 10,901
2009 4,587,883 69,254 2,597 9,758
2010 4,356,130 66,677 3,650 9,062
2011 4,346,270 64,521 3,059 8,532
2012 4,366,196 61,006 2,956 7,929
2013 4,420,839 59,962 3,701 6,512
2014 4,516,739 59,114 4,450 4,738
2015 4,562,853 55,950 3,717 4,633
2016 4,807,906 56,263 4,574 4,894
2017 5,300,274 57,808 5,482 1,128

Busiest routes

Busiest routes to and from Newcastle (2016)[29]
Rank Airport Total
passengers
Change
2015 / 16
1 London–Heathrow 499,479 Decrease 2.7%
2 Amsterdam 363,690 Decrease 4.3%
3 Alicante 340,357 Increase 45.1%
4 Palma de Mallorca 257,176 Increase 13.3%
5 Belfast–International 250,418 Increase 14.1%
6 Málaga 238,845 Increase 40.6%
7 Dublin 232,538 Increase 17.2%
8 Dubai–International 231,047 Decrease 1.0%
9 Tenerife–South 215,583 Increase 23.4%
10 Bristol 164,595 Decrease 2.7%
11 Paris–Charles de Gaulle 148,784 Decrease 3.3%
12 Faro 121,000 Increase 9.7%
13 Southampton 117,767 Increase 7.6%
14 Lanzarote 113,133 Increase 18.6%
15 Barcelona 98,753 Increase 49.0%
16 Ibiza 79,462 Increase 5.0%
17 Dalaman 78,001 Decrease 38.3%
18 Geneva 68,226 Increase 11.5%
19 Gran Canaria 62,178 Increase 64.5%
20 Reus 60,539 Increase 49.2%

Ground transport

Metro

Airport station on the Tyne & Wear Metro is directly connected to the terminal through an indoor walkway. The station is the northern terminus of the green line with frequent direct services to all the main Newcastle and Sunderland stations (approx 20 and 50 minutes respectively).

Road transport

The Airport is connected to the A1 trunk road by the A696 dual carriageway. A half-hourly bus service links the Airport to the nearby villages of Ponteland and Darras Hall, as well as to the City Centre.

  1. ^ Passenger, freight and mail volumes include both domestic and international, transit, arriving and departing counterparts.
  2. ^ Number of movements represents total aircraft takeoffs and landings during the year.

References

  1. ^ a b "NATS - AIS - Home". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "Aircraft and passenger traffic data from UK airports" (PDF). UK Civil Aviation Authority. 3 March 2017. Retrieved 15 March 2017. 
  3. ^ "airport-technology.com". Retrieved 2 July 2017. 
  4. ^ "Private Jet Charter Plane Hire Newcastle Charter-a Ltd". www.iprivatejet.co.uk. Retrieved 2016-12-01. 
  5. ^ *"Newcastle International Airport extension opened" (Press release). Copenhagen Airports. 13 August 2004. Archived from the original on 22 June 2007. Retrieved 12 February 2007. 
  6. ^ Editor: Eric, MacBurni (2007). "RUNWAY SAFETY: PROMOTING BEST PRACTICES" (PDF). ICAO JOURNAL. 62: 5. 
  7. ^ "Austin-Bergstrom International Airport Master Plan Update" (PDF). austintexas.gov. 
  8. ^ ch-aviation.com - United to axe Newcastle, UK flights over weakening pound 12 August 2016
  9. ^ Ford, Coreena (2017-06-28). "Newcastle Airport reveals £3m terminal extension as part of improvement plans". nechronicle. Retrieved 2017-08-10. 
  10. ^ Ford, Coreena (2017-06-28). "Newcastle Airport reveals £3m terminal extension as part of improvement plans". nechronicle. Retrieved 2017-07-17. 
  11. ^ "Cargo". www.newcastleairport.com. Retrieved 2017-08-09. 
  12. ^ a b Ford, Coreena (2016-04-18). "Export values flying high at Newcastle International Airport". nechronicle. Retrieved 2017-08-09. 
  13. ^ "Cargo & Freight". Newcastle Airport. Archived from the original on 18 December 2012. Retrieved 12 February 2014. 
  14. ^ "Fire Training Courses". Newcastle Airport. Archived from the original on 12 October 2012. Retrieved 12 February 2014. 
  15. ^ "Contact Us." Gill Airways. 23 April 2000. Retrieved on 22 September 2010.
  16. ^ Brown, Michael (2014-05-15). "Great North Air Ambulance opens new base at Newcastle International Airport". nechronicle. Retrieved 2017-08-09. 
  17. ^ "NPAS Newcastle (@NPASNewcastle) Twitter". twitter.com. Retrieved 2017-08-09. 
  18. ^ "International offices Alpha Group". www.alpha-group.com. Retrieved 2017-08-09. 
  19. ^ newcastleairport.com - Timetables retrieved 8 January 2017
  20. ^ "Air France". Air France. Retrieved 8 January 2017. 
  21. ^ http://www.easternairways.com/
  22. ^ http://www.jet2.com/timetable
  23. ^ "Thomas Cook UK expands Hurghada routes in W17". Routesonline. Retrieved 2017-07-08. 
  24. ^ https://www.thomascookairlines.com/en/book-plan/flight/timetable.jsp
  25. ^ a b c d "Flight Timetable". tui.co.uk. 5 November 2017. Retrieved 5 November 2017. 
  26. ^ "Ski Holidays 2017/2018 Get More Winter With Crystal Ski". Crystalski.co.uk. 2016-07-28. Retrieved 2017-07-08. 
  27. ^ Report on the accident to Piper PA60-602P, N64719 on 30 November 2000, UK AAIB
  28. ^ "CAA AIRPORT STATISTICS" (PDF). 
  29. ^ "Airport Data 2016". UK Civil Aviation Authority. 3 March 2017. Tables 12.1(XLS) and 12.2 (XLS). Retrieved 16 March 2017. 

External links

Media related to Newcastle Airport at Wikimedia Commons