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The New York metropolitan area, also referred to as the Tri-State Area, is the largest metropolitan area in the world by urban landmass, at 4,495 mi2 (11,642 km2).[4] The metropolitan area includes New York City
New York City
(the most populous city in the United States), Long Island, and the Mid and Lower Hudson Valley
Hudson Valley
in the state of New York; the five largest cities in New Jersey: Newark, Jersey City, Paterson, Elizabeth, and Edison, and their vicinities; six of the seven largest cities in Connecticut: Bridgeport, New Haven, Stamford, Waterbury, Norwalk, and Danbury, and their vicinities. The New York metropolitan area
New York metropolitan area
remains, by a significant margin, the most populous in the United States, as defined by both the Metropolitan Statistical Area
Metropolitan Statistical Area
(20.3 million residents in 2017)[1] and the Combined Statistical Area
Combined Statistical Area
(23.7 million residents in 2016);[5] it is also one of the most populous urban agglomerations in the world, and the single largest in North America.[6][7][8] The New York metropolitan area continues to be the premier gateway for legal immigration to the United States,[9][10][11][12] with the largest foreign-born population of any metropolitan region in the world. The MSA covers 6,720 sq mi (17,405 km2), while the CSA area is 13,318 sq mi (34,493 km2), encompassing an ethnically and geographically diverse region. The New York metropolitan area's population is larger than that of the state of New York, and the metropolitan airspace accommodated over 130 million passengers in 2016.[13] As a center of many industries, including finance, international trade, new and traditional media, real estate, education, fashion, entertainment, tourism, biotechnology, law, and manufacturing, the New York City
City
metropolitan region is one of the most important economic regions in the world; in 2015, the MSA produced a gross metropolitan product (GMP) of nearly US$1.60 trillion,[14] while in 2015, the CSA[15] had a GMP of over US$1.83 trillion, both ranking first nationally by a wide margin and behind the GDP
GDP
of only nine nations and seven nations, respectively.[16] In 2012, the New York metropolitan area was also home to seven of the 25 wealthiest counties in the United States
United States
by median household income, according to the American Community Survey.[17] According to Forbes, in 2014, the New York City
City
metropolitan area was home to eight of the top ten ZIP codes in the United States
United States
by median housing price, with six in Manhattan alone.[18] The New York metropolitan region's higher education network comprises hundreds of colleges and universities, including Columbia University, Princeton University, Yale University, New York University, and Rockefeller University, all of which have been ranked among the top 40 in the world.[19][20]

Contents

1 Definitions

1.1 Metropolitan Statistical Area 1.2 Combined Statistical Area

2 Geography

2.1 Subregions

2.1.1 New York City 2.1.2 Long Island 2.1.3 Northern New Jersey 2.1.4 Central New Jersey 2.1.5 Lower Hudson Valley 2.1.6 Mid-Hudson Valley 2.1.7 Western Connecticut 2.1.8 Monroe and Pike Counties, Pennsylvania 2.1.9 Lehigh Valley

2.2 Urban areas of the region 2.3 Main cities 2.4 Climate

3 History

3.1 Statistical history

4 Demographics

4.1 2010 Census 4.2 Population estimates 4.3 Religion

5 Economy

5.1 Wall Street 5.2 Silicon Alley 5.3 Port
Port
of New York and New Jersey 5.4 Water purity and availability

6 Education

6.1 Attainment

7 Transportation

7.1 Rail

7.1.1 New York City
New York City
Subway 7.1.2 PATH 7.1.3 Commuter rail

7.2 Major highways

7.2.1 Interstates 7.2.2 U.S. Routes 7.2.3 State Routes 7.2.4 Other limited-access roads 7.2.5 Named bridges and tunnels

7.3 Commuter bus 7.4 Major airports 7.5 Commuter usage

8 Culture and contemporary life

8.1 Sports teams 8.2 Media 8.3 Theme parks

8.3.1 In New Jersey 8.3.2 In New York State 8.3.3 In Pennsylvania

9 Area codes 10 See also 11 Notes 12 References 13 External links

Definitions[edit] Metropolitan Statistical Area[edit]

Satellite imagery
Satellite imagery
showing the New York metropolitan area
New York metropolitan area
at night. Long Island
Long Island
extends to the east of Manhattan, the central core of the metropolitan area.

Part of the Palisades Interstate Park, the cliffs of the New Jersey Palisades of Bergen County
Bergen County
overlook the Hudson River
Hudson River
as well as The Bronx
Bronx
and Upper Manhattan
Manhattan
in New York City.

Enveloped by the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
and Long Island
Long Island
Sound, New York City and Long Island
Long Island
alone are home to approximately 11 million residents conjointly.

The Bear Mountain Bridge
Bear Mountain Bridge
connecting Westchester and Rockland Counties, New York, across the Hudson River, as seen from Bear Mountain

The U.S. Office of Management and Budget
Office of Management and Budget
utilizes two definitions of the area: the Metropolitan Statistical Area
Metropolitan Statistical Area
(MSA) and the Combined Statistical Area (CSA). The MSA definition is titled the New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA Metropolitan Statistical Area, and includes a population of 20.3 million people by 2017 Census estimates, roughly 1 in 16 Americans and nearly 7 million more than the second-place Los Angeles metropolitan area
Los Angeles metropolitan area
in the United States.[1] The MSA is further subdivided into four metropolitan divisions. The 27-county metropolitan area includes 12 counties in New York State (coextensive with the five boroughs of New York City, the two counties of Long Island, and five counties in the lower Hudson Valley); 12 counties in Northern and Central New Jersey; and 3 counties in northeastern Pennsylvania. The largest urbanized area in the United States is at the heart of the metropolitan area, the New York–Newark, NY–NJ–CT Urbanized Area (estimated to have an area of 6,720 square miles). The counties and county groupings constituting the New York metropolitan area are listed below, with 2012 population estimates: New York–Newark–Jersey City, NY–NJ–PA Metropolitan Statistical Area (19,831,858) (Note: 20,182,305 estimated in 2015[1])

New York–Jersey City–White Plains, NY–NJ Metropolitan Division (11,732,233)

Kings County, NY (the borough of Brooklyn
Brooklyn
in New York City) Queens
Queens
County, NY (the borough of Queens
Queens
in New York City) New York County, NY (the borough of Manhattan
Manhattan
in New York City) Bronx
Bronx
County, NY (the borough of The Bronx
The Bronx
in New York City) Richmond County, NY (the borough of Staten Island
Staten Island
in New York City) Westchester County, NY Bergen County, NJ Hudson County, NJ Middlesex County, NJ Monmouth County, NJ Ocean County, NJ Passaic County, NJ Rockland County, NY Orange County, NY

Nassau County–Suffolk County, NY Metropolitan Division (2,875,904)

Suffolk County Nassau County

Dutchess County-Putnam County, NY Metropolitan Division (397,198)

Putnam County Dutchess County

Newark, NJ–PA Metropolitan Division (2,126,269)

Essex County, NJ Union County, NJ Morris County, NJ Somerset County, NJ Sussex County, NJ Hunterdon County, NJ Pike County, PA

Combined Statistical Area[edit]

Counties composing the New York–Newark, NY–NJ–CT–PA Combined Statistical Area New York–Jersey City–White Plains, NY–NJ Metropolitan Division Dutchess County–Putnam County, NY Metropolitan Division Nassau County–Suffolk County, NY Metropolitan Division Newark, NJ–PA Metropolitan Division Remainder of the New York-Newark, NY–NJ–CT–PA Combined Statistical Area

Combined Statistical Areas (CSA) group together adjacent core-based statistical areas with a high degree of economic interconnection.[21] The New York–Newark, NY–NJ–CT–PA Combined Statistical Area
Combined Statistical Area
had an estimated population of 23.7 million as of 2014.[5] About one out of every fifteen Americans resides in this region, which includes ten additional counties in New York, New Jersey, Connecticut, and Pennsylvania. This area, less the Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
portion, is often referred to as the Tri-State Area and less commonly the Tri-state Region. The New York City
New York City
television designated market area (DMA) includes Pike County, Pennsylvania,[22] which is also included in the CSA. In addition to the New York–Newark–Jersey City, NY–NJ–PA Metropolitan Statistical Area, the following core-based statistical areas are also included in the New York-Newark, NY-NJ-CT-PA Combined Statistical Area:

Bridgeport–Stamford–Norwalk, CT Metropolitan Statistical Area (916,829)

Fairfield County

New Haven–Milford, CT Metropolitan Statistical Area
Metropolitan Statistical Area
(862,477)

New Haven County, Connecticut

Allentown–Bethlehem–Easton Metropolitan Statistical Area
Metropolitan Statistical Area
(821,173)

Warren County, New Jersey Carbon County, Pennsylvania Lehigh County, Pennsylvania Northampton County, Pennsylvania

Trenton, NJ Metropolitan Statistical Area
Metropolitan Statistical Area
(366,222)

Mercer County

Torrington, CT Micropolitan Statistical Area (189,927)

Litchfield County

Kingston, NY Metropolitan Statistical Area
Metropolitan Statistical Area
(182,693)

Ulster County

East Stroudsburg, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area
Metropolitan Statistical Area
(169,842)

Monroe County, Pennsylvania

Geography[edit]

High Point Monument
High Point Monument
as seen from Lake Marcia at High Point, Sussex County, the highest elevation in New Jersey
New Jersey
at 1803 feet above sea level.[23]

The area is frequently divided into the following subregions:[24][25]

New York City
New York City
(center of the region, comprising five boroughs, one of which is Manhattan, the geographical, cultural, and economic core of the entire metropolitan area) Central and eastern Long Island
Long Island
(Nassau County and Suffolk County counties – separated by water from the rest of the region except New York City; not including Queens
Queens
County or Kings County (Brooklyn), which are concurrent with two of New York City's five boroughs) North Jersey
North Jersey
(Northern portion of New Jersey) Central Jersey
Central Jersey
(Middle portion of New Jersey) Hudson Valley
Hudson Valley
(Lower Hudson Valley
Hudson Valley
suburbs of Westchester County, Putnam County, and Rockland County
Rockland County
Counties; and Mid-Hudson exurbs of Dutchess, Sullivan, Orange, and Ulster Counties) Western Connecticut
Connecticut
(Only Fairfield County, New Haven, and Litchfield Counties are part of the region and separated by the state line) Lehigh Valley
Lehigh Valley
(Carbon County, Lehigh County, and Northampton County counties in Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
and Warren County in New Jersey) Southern and Eastern Poconos (Monroe County and Pike County Counties in Pennsylvania)

All eight subregions are often further divided. For instance, Long Island
Island
can be divided into its South and North Shores (usually when speaking about Nassau County and western Suffolk County) and the East End. The Hudson Valley
Hudson Valley
and Connecticut
Connecticut
are sometimes grouped together and referred to as the Northern Suburbs, largely because of the shared usage of the Metro-North Railroad
Metro-North Railroad
system.[26] Subregions[edit] New York City[edit] Main article: New York City The geographical, cultural, and economic center of the metropolitan area is New York City, which consists of five boroughs, each of which is also a county of New York State.[27] The five boroughs – Brooklyn, Queens, Manhattan, the Bronx, and Staten Island
Staten Island
– were consolidated into a single city in 1898.[28] With a Census-estimated population of 8,550,405 in 2015 (8,491,079 in 2014[29][30]), distributed over a land area of just 305 square miles (790 km2),[31] New York is the most densely populated major city in the United States.[32] A global power city,[33] New York City exerts a significant impact upon commerce, finance, media, art, fashion, research, technology, education, and entertainment, its fast pace[34][35] defining the term New York minute.[36] Home to the headquarters of the United Nations,[37] New York is an important center for international diplomacy[38] and has been described as the cultural, financial, and media capital[39][40] of the world.[41][42][43][44][45] Long Island[edit]

The Village of Garden City
City
in Nassau County, Long Island's Town of Hempstead, which with over 770,000 people is the New York metropolitan area's most populous individual municipality outside New York City.[46]

Westhampton, Suffolk County, New York, on the East End of Long Island

Main article: Long Island Long Island
Long Island
is an island located just off the northeast coast of the United States
United States
and a region wholly within both the U.S. state
U.S. state
of New York and the New York City
New York City
metropolitan area. Stretching east-northeast from New York Harbor
New York Harbor
into the Atlantic Ocean, the island comprises four counties: Kings and Queens
Queens
(these form the New York City
City
boroughs of Brooklyn
Brooklyn
and Queens, respectively) to the west; then Nassau and Suffolk to the east. However, most people in the New York metropolitan area (even those living in Queens
Queens
and Brooklyn) colloquially use the term "Long Island" (or "The Island") exclusively to refer to the Nassau-Suffolk county area collectively, which is mainly suburban in character.[47] North of the island is Long Island Sound, across which are the states of Connecticut
Connecticut
and Rhode Island. With a Census-estimated population of 7,838,722 in 2015, constituting nearly 40% of New York State's population,[48][49][50][51][52] The majority of New York City
New York City
residents, 58% as of 2015, now live on Long Island, namely the estimated 4,896,398 residents living in the New York City
City
boroughs of Brooklyn
Brooklyn
and Queens.[53] Long Island
Long Island
is the most populated island in any U.S. state
U.S. state
or territory, and the 17th-most populous island in the world (ahead of Ireland, Jamaica, and Hokkaidō). Its population density is 5,571 inhabitants per square mile (2,151/km2). If Long Island
Long Island
geographically constituted an independent metropolitan statistical area, it would rank fourth most populous in the United States; while if it were a U.S. state, Long Island
Island
would rank 13th in population and first in population density. Queens
Queens
is the most ethnically diverse urban area in the world.[54][55] The Town of Hempstead in Nassau County, with an estimated population of 770,367 in 2016, is the most populous municipality in the New York metropolitan area outside of New York City.[46] Long Island
Long Island
is the most populated island in the United States
United States
and the 17th most populous island in the world, but is more prominently known for recreation, boating, and miles of public beaches, including numerous town, county, and state parks, as well as Fire Island National Seashore and wealthy and expensive coastal residential enclaves. Along the north shore, the Gold Coast of Long Island
Long Island
is an upscale section of Nassau and western Suffolk counties that once featured many lavish mansions built and inhabited by wealthy business tycoons in the earlier years of the 20th century, of which only a few remain preserved as historic sites. The East End of Long Island
Long Island
(known as the "Twin Forks" because of its physical shape) boasts open spaces for farmland and wineries. The South Fork, in particular, comprises numerous towns and villages known collectively as "The Hamptons" and has an international reputation as a "playground for the rich and famous", with some of the wealthiest communities in the United States. In 2015, according to Business Insider, the 11962 zip code encompassing Sagaponack, within Southampton, was listed as the most expensive in the U.S. by real estate-listings site Property Shark, with a median home sale price of $5,125,000.[56] During the summer season, many celebrities and the wealthy visit or reside in mansions and waterfront homes, while others spend weekends enjoying the beaches, gardens, bars, restaurants, and nightclubs. Long Island
Long Island
is served by a network of parkways and expressways, with the Long Island
Long Island
Expressway, Northern State Parkway, and Southern State Parkway
Parkway
being major east-west routes across significant portions of the island. Passenger rail access is provided by the Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) Long Island
Long Island
Rail Road, one of the largest commuter railroads in the United States. Air travel needs are served by several airports. Within Queens, the island is home to John F. Kennedy International Airport and LaGuardia Airport, two of the three major airline hubs serving the New York City
New York City
area (with Newark Liberty International Airport being the third; all three major airports are operated by The Port
Port
Authority of New York & New Jersey). Islip MacArthur Airport
Islip MacArthur Airport
(serving commercial airlines) and Farmingdale/Republic Airport
Farmingdale/Republic Airport
(private and commuter flights) are both located in Suffolk County. Northern New Jersey[edit]

The Great Falls of the Passaic River
Passaic River
in Paterson, Passaic County, New Jersey, dedicated as a National Historical Park in November 2011, incorporates one of the largest waterfalls in the eastern United States.[57]

Main article: North Jersey Northern New Jersey, also known colloquially as North Jersey, is typically defined as comprising the following counties:

Bergen County Essex County Hudson County Hunterdon County (anything north of Readington Township) Morris County Passaic County Somerset County (anything north of Watchung) Sussex County Union County (anything north of Westfield) Warren County

The New Jersey
New Jersey
State Department of Tourism splits North Jersey
North Jersey
into the urban Gateway Region
Gateway Region
and the more rural Skylands Region. Northern New Jersey
New Jersey
is home to four of the largest cities of that state: Newark, Jersey City, Paterson, and Elizabeth. The region is geographically diverse with wetlands, mountains, and valleys throughout the area. It has a large network of expressways and public transportation rail services, mostly operated by New Jersey Transit. Northern New Jersey
New Jersey
also contains the second busiest airport in the New York City
New York City
metropolitan area, Newark Liberty International Airport.

Downtown Trenton in Mercer County, including the New Jersey
New Jersey
State House topped by its golden dome, alongside the Delaware River

Although it is a suburban region of New York City, much of the Gateway Region is Highly Urbanized. The entirety of Hudson County, Eastern Essex County, lower Passaic County as well as Elizabeth in Union County are all densely populated areas. Central New Jersey[edit] Main article: Central Jersey Central Jersey
Central Jersey
is the middle portion of the state of New Jersey. Municipalities including Trenton (the state capital of New Jersey) and Princeton (home to Princeton University) are located in this subregion, as is a significant portion of the Jersey Shore.

Middlesex County Mercer County Monmouth County Ocean County (most consider this county a part of South Jersey) Union County (anything south of Westfield) Somerset County (anything south of Watchung) Hunterdon County (anything south of Readington Township)

Belmar, on the Jersey Shore

The Mohonk Mountain House, Ulster County, New York, in the Hudson Valley, was designated a National Historic Landmark
National Historic Landmark
in 1986.[58]

Sugarloaf Hill in Putnam County, New York, in the Hudson Valley

Lower Hudson Valley[edit] Main article: Hudson Valley Known for its hilly terrain, picturesque settings, and quaint small towns and villages, the Lower Hudson Valley
Hudson Valley
is centered around the Hudson River
Hudson River
north of New York City
New York City
and lies within New York State. Its two most populous counties, Westchester and Rockland, are located on the eastern and western sides of the river, respectively, connected by the heavily trafficked New Tappan Zee Bridge
New Tappan Zee Bridge
as well as the Bear Mountain Bridge near their northern ends. Several branches of the MTA Metro-North Railroad
Metro-North Railroad
serve the region's rail commuters. Southern Westchester County
Westchester County
contains more densely populated areas and includes the cities of Yonkers, Mount Vernon, New Rochelle, and White Plains. Although many of the suburban communities of Westchester are known for their affluence and expense (some examples: Scarsdale, Chappaqua, Armonk, Katonah, and Briarcliff Manor), the Lower Hudson Valley
Hudson Valley
as a whole is one of the fastest-growing areas in the metropolitan area because of high housing costs in New York City
New York City
and the inner suburbs. Historically, the valley was home to many factories, including paper mills, but a significant number have closed. After years of lingering pollution, cleanup efforts to improve the Hudson River
Hudson River
water quality are currently planned and will be supervised by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).[59] Mid-Hudson Valley[edit] The Mid- Hudson Valley
Hudson Valley
region of the State of New York
State of New York
is midway between the state capital of Albany and New York City. The area includes the counties of Dutchess, Ulster, Sullivan, and Orange, with the main cities being Newburgh, Poughkeepsie, Beacon, and Kingston. The area is home to many quaint villages known for their natural beauty and notable restaurants. There are many outdoor activities, as well. The Walkway over the Hudson, which is one of the longest footbridges in the world, crosses the Hudson River
Hudson River
connecting Poughkeepsie and Highland. The 13 mile-long Dutchess Rail Trail stretches from Hopewell Junction to the beginning of the Walkway over the Hudson in Poughkeepsie. The area is home to the Wappingers Central School District, which the second largest school district in the state of New York. The Newburgh Waterfront in the City
City
of Newburgh is home to many high-end restaurants. The City
City
of Beacon is home to many neat eateries and shops. U.S. Route 9, I-84, and the Taconic State Parkway
Parkway
all run through Dutchess County. Metro-North Railroad
Metro-North Railroad
train station, New Hamburg, is located in the Town of Poughkeepsie and runs from Poughkeepsie to Grand Central Station
Grand Central Station
in New York City. Western Connecticut[edit]

Mohawk Mountain Ski Area
Mohawk Mountain Ski Area
in Cornwall, Litchfield County, Connecticut, in the Berkshire Mountains

Main articles: Fairfield County, Connecticut; New Haven County, Connecticut; and Litchfield County, Connecticut Fairfield, New Haven, and Litchfield Counties are in western Connecticut. Large business and industrial parks are scattered throughout the area, though mostly contained within Fairfield County. The three counties (and Connecticut
Connecticut
in general) are known for affluence. Geographically, the areas are flat along the coast with low hills eventually giving way to larger hills such as The Berkshires further inland, to the Massachusetts
Massachusetts
border. Most of the largest cities in the state are located within New Haven County (home to Yale University) and Fairfield County. Monroe and Pike Counties, Pennsylvania[edit]

Dingmans Falls
Dingmans Falls
in the Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area, Pike County, northeastern Pennsylvania

Main article: Monroe County, Pennsylvania Main article: Pike County, Pennsylvania Pike County is located in northeastern Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 Census, the population was 57,369.[60] Its county seat is Milford.[61] Part of the Pocono Mountains
Pocono Mountains
region lies within Pike County, which has ranked among the fastest-growing counties of Pennsylvania.[62] Monroe County was added to the CMSA in March 2013, as was the Lehigh Valley. Monroe's county seat is Stroudsburg, and its largest borough is East Stroudsburg. Monroe and Pike are the fastest-growing counties in Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
and are home to many residents who commute to jobs in Northern New Jersey
New Jersey
and New York City. They are located largely in the Pocono Mountains
Pocono Mountains
and have multiple state parks as well as most of the Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
portion of the Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area. Efforts continue to resume passenger rail service on the Lackawanna Cutoff
Lackawanna Cutoff
route between Scranton and Northern New Jersey
New Jersey
via Monroe County. Lehigh Valley[edit] Main articles: Carbon County, Pennsylvania; Lehigh County, Pennsylvania; Northampton County, Pennsylvania; and Warren County, New Jersey The Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton MSA (better known as the Lehigh Valley) consists of Carbon, Lehigh, and Northampton counties. It constitutes the third-largest metropolitan area of Pennsylvania, and Allentown is the state's third-largest city. The region is important for east-west transportation between New York City, northern and central New Jersey, the Harrisburg metropolitan area, and points west, both by rail and Interstate 78. It is also critical for north-south road traffic via Interstate 476
Interstate 476
and the Route 33 Expressway. The Lehigh Valley
Lehigh Valley
is in the process of major urban economic redevelopment, including development of the logistics industry as well as the Two Rivers Landing in downtown Easton, the Steel Stacks/Sands complex on the south side of Bethlehem, and a multi-purpose arena (which hosted its first event on September 12, 2014) in downtown Allentown. In 2010 the population was 712,481 for the PA portion and 821,173 in the MSA as a whole. While a large portion of Carbon County is in the Pocono Mountains, it is also in the Lehigh River
Lehigh River
valley and the employment interchange is mainly with Lehigh and Northampton Counties. Urban areas of the region[edit]

Downtown Stamford
Downtown Stamford
in Fairfield County, Connecticut

The New Haven Green Historic District
New Haven Green Historic District
in Connecticut
Connecticut
was designated a National Historic Landmark
National Historic Landmark
District in 1970.[63]

Skyline of New York City
New York City
and Jersey City
City
from Newark, New Jersey, seen prior to completion of One World Trade Center
One World Trade Center
in Lower Manhattan.

The combined statistical area is a multicore metropolitan region containing several urban areas.

Aerial view of Newark, Essex County, New Jersey's most populous city

Public Library in Yonkers, Westchester County, New York

Barnum Museum
Barnum Museum
in Bridgeport, Fairfield County, Connecticut's most populous city

Paterson, Passaic County, New Jersey, known as the "Silk City",[64] seen here from Garret Mountain Reservation, is a prime destination for a diverse pool of international immigrants.[65][66]

Allentown in Lehigh County is Pennsylvania's largest city within the New York metropolitan area.

Population rank Urbanized area State(s) 2010 population

1 New York–Newark NY–NJ–CT 18,351,295

48 Bridgeport–Stamford CT–NY 923,311

61 Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton PA-NJ 664,651

72 New Haven CT 562,839

89 Poughkeepsie–Newburgh NY 423,566

128 Trenton NJ 296,668

185 Waterbury CT 194,535

201 Danbury CT–NY 168,136

429 Twin Rivers-Hightstown NJ 64,037

453 Middletown NY 58,381

457 Kingston NY 57,442

Main cities[edit] The following is a list of "principal cities" and their respective population estimates from the 2010 U.S. Census Bureau
U.S. Census Bureau
publication. Principal cities are generally those where there is a greater number of jobs than employed residents.[67][68][69][70]

New York–Northern New Jersey– Long Island
Long Island
MSA

New York City: 8,175,133 Hempstead, New York: 759,757 Newark, New Jersey: 277,140 Jersey City, New Jersey: 247,597 Yonkers, New York: 195,976 Paterson, New Jersey: 146,199 Elizabeth, New Jersey: 128,640 Edison, New Jersey: 99,967 Woodbridge Township, New Jersey: 99,265 New Rochelle, New York: 77,062 Mount Vernon, New York: 67,292 White Plains, New York: 56,853 Passaic, New Jersey: 72,500 Union, New Jersey: 56,642 Wayne, New Jersey: 54,717

Trenton–Ewing MSA

Trenton, New Jersey: 84,913 Ewing, New Jersey: 35,790

Bridgeport–Stamford–Norwalk MSA

Bridgeport, Connecticut: 144,229 Stamford, Connecticut: 122,643 Norwalk, Connecticut: 85,603 Danbury, Connecticut: 80,893 Stratford, Connecticut: 51,384

New Haven–Milford MSA

New Haven, Connecticut: 129,779 Milford, Connecticut: 51,271

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton MSA

Allentown, Pennsylvania: 118,032 Bethlehem, Pennsylvania: 74,982 Easton, Pennsylvania: 26,800

Poughkeepsie–Newburgh–Middletown MSA

Poughkeepsie, New York: 32,736 Newburgh, New York: 28,866 Middletown, New York: 28,086

Kingston MSA

Kingston, New York: 23,893

Torrington Micropolitan Area

Torrington, Connecticut: 36,383

Midtown Manhattan
Manhattan
from Weehawken, New Jersey

Climate[edit] Under the Köppen climate classification, using the 0 °C (32 °F) January isotherm, New York City, western (and parts of eastern) Long Island, and a sliver of the Jersey Shore
Jersey Shore
experience a humid subtropical climate (Cfa),[71][72] and New York is thus the northernmost major city on the North American continent with this climate type. Much of the remainder of the metropolitan area lies in the transition zone from a humid subtropical (Cfa) to a humid continental climate (Dfa),[71][72] and it is only the inland, more exurban areas far to the north and west such as Sussex County, New Jersey, that have a January daily average of −3 °C (26.6 °F) or below and are fully humid continental; the Dfb (warm summer subtype) regime is only found inland at a higher elevation,[71] and receives greater snowfall[73] than the Dfa region. Carbon, Monroe, and Pike Counties in Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
also have a fully humid continental climate, as do colder areas of Lehigh and Northampton Counties. The oceanic climate zone (Cfb) only exists on the North Fork, islands in Peconic Bay, and Fishers Island. It is rare in eastern North America. Winters are cold and damp, and prevailing wind patterns that blow offshore temper the moderating effects of the Atlantic Ocean; yet the Atlantic and the partial shielding by the Appalachians
Appalachians
from colder air keep the New York area warmer in the winter than inland North American metropolitan areas located at similar or lesser latitudes including Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, and Indianapolis. Warm periods with 50 °F (10 °C)+ temperatures may occasionally occur during winter.[74] Spring and autumn are unpredictable and can range from chilly to warm, although they are usually mild with low humidity. Summers in the area are typically hot and humid. Nighttime conditions in and around the five boroughs of New York City
New York City
are often exacerbated by the urban heat island phenomenon, and temperatures exceed 90 °F (32 °C) on average of 7–8 days (on the immediate Long Island Sound
Long Island Sound
and Atlantic coasts), up to in excess of 27 days (inland suburbs in New Jersey) each summer and may exceed 100 °F (38 °C).[citation needed] Almost all of the metropolitan area receives at least 42 inches (1,070 mm) of precipitation annually, which is relatively evenly spread throughout the year, and many areas receive upwards of 50 in (1,270 mm). Average winter snowfall for 1981 to 2010 ranges from just under 25 inches (64 cm) along the coast of Long Island
Island
to more than 50 in (127 cm) in some inland areas, but this usually varies considerably from year to year.[75] Hurricanes and tropical storms are rare in the New York area, but are not unheard of and always have the potential to strike the area, with storm surge a major threat in coastal areas and heavy rain (with the danger of flooding) further inland.[76] The New York metropolitan area
New York metropolitan area
averages 234 days with at least some sunshine and 59% of possible sunlight annually,[77] accumulating 2,400 to 2,800 hours of sunshine per annum.[78]

Climate data for New York (Belvedere Castle, Central Park), 1981–2010 normals,[a] extremes 1869–present[b]

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °F (°C) 72 (22) 78 (26) 86 (30) 96 (36) 99 (37) 101 (38) 106 (41) 104 (40) 102 (39) 94 (34) 84 (29) 75 (24) 106 (41)

Mean maximum °F (°C) 59.6 (15.3) 60.7 (15.9) 71.5 (21.9) 83.0 (28.3) 88.0 (31.1) 92.3 (33.5) 95.4 (35.2) 93.7 (34.3) 88.5 (31.4) 78.8 (26) 71.3 (21.8) 62.2 (16.8) 97.0 (36.1)

Average high °F (°C) 38.3 (3.5) 41.6 (5.3) 49.7 (9.8) 61.2 (16.2) 70.8 (21.6) 79.3 (26.3) 84.1 (28.9) 82.6 (28.1) 75.2 (24) 63.8 (17.7) 53.8 (12.1) 43.0 (6.1) 62.0 (16.7)

Daily mean °F (°C) 32.6 (0.3) 35.3 (1.8) 42.5 (5.8) 53.0 (11.7) 62.4 (16.9) 71.4 (21.9) 76.5 (24.7) 75.2 (24) 68.0 (20) 56.9 (13.8) 47.7 (8.7) 37.5 (3.1) 55.0 (12.8)

Average low °F (°C) 26.9 (−2.8) 28.9 (−1.7) 35.2 (1.8) 44.8 (7.1) 54.0 (12.2) 63.6 (17.6) 68.8 (20.4) 67.8 (19.9) 60.8 (16) 50.0 (10) 41.6 (5.3) 32.0 (0) 47.9 (8.8)

Mean minimum °F (°C) 9.2 (−12.7) 12.8 (−10.7) 18.5 (−7.5) 32.3 (0.2) 43.5 (6.4) 52.9 (11.6) 60.3 (15.7) 58.8 (14.9) 48.6 (9.2) 38.0 (3.3) 27.7 (−2.4) 15.6 (−9.1) 7.0 (−13.9)

Record low °F (°C) −6 (−21) −15 (−26) 3 (−16) 12 (−11) 32 (0) 44 (7) 52 (11) 50 (10) 39 (4) 28 (−2) 7 (−14) −13 (−25) −15 (−26)

Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.65 (92.7) 3.09 (78.5) 4.36 (110.7) 4.50 (114.3) 4.19 (106.4) 4.41 (112) 4.60 (116.8) 4.44 (112.8) 4.28 (108.7) 4.40 (111.8) 4.02 (102.1) 4.00 (101.6) 49.94 (1,268.5)

Average snowfall inches (cm) 7.0 (17.8) 9.2 (23.4) 3.9 (9.9) 0.6 (1.5) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0.3 (0.8) 4.8 (12.2) 25.8 (65.5)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 10.4 9.2 10.9 11.5 11.1 11.2 10.4 9.5 8.7 8.9 9.6 10.6 122.0

Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 4.0 2.8 1.8 0.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.2 2.3 11.4

Average relative humidity (%) 61.5 60.2 58.5 55.3 62.7 65.2 64.2 66.0 67.8 65.6 64.6 64.1 63.0

Mean monthly sunshine hours 162.7 163.1 212.5 225.6 256.6 257.3 268.2 268.2 219.3 211.2 151.0 139.0 2,534.7

Percent possible sunshine 54 55 57 57 57 57 59 63 59 61 51 48 57

Source: NOAA (relative humidity and sun 1961–1990)[80][81][82] See Geography of New York City
New York City
for additional climate information from the outer boroughs.

Climate data for Newark, New Jersey
New Jersey
(Newark Liberty Int'l)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °F (°C) 74 (23) 76 (24) 89 (32) 97 (36) 99 (37) 102 (39) 108 (42) 105 (41) 105 (41) 93 (34) 85 (29) 76 (24) 108 (42)

Average high °F (°C) 38.8 (3.8) 42.3 (5.7) 50.7 (10.4) 62.0 (16.7) 72.1 (22.3) 81.5 (27.5) 86.0 (30) 84.0 (28.9) 76.7 (24.8) 65.3 (18.5) 54.6 (12.6) 43.5 (6.4) 63.1 (17.3)

Average low °F (°C) 24.5 (−4.2) 26.9 (−2.8) 33.6 (0.9) 43.7 (6.5) 53.3 (11.8) 63.3 (17.4) 68.7 (20.4) 67.5 (19.7) 59.7 (15.4) 48.0 (8.9) 39.0 (3.9) 29.6 (−1.3) 46.5 (8.1)

Record low °F (°C) −8 (−22) −14 (−26) 6 (−14) 16 (−9) 33 (1) 41 (5) 51 (11) 45 (7) 35 (2) 25 (−4) 12 (−11) −8 (−22) −14 (−26)

Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.53 (89.7) 2.88 (73.2) 4.18 (106.2) 4.20 (106.7) 4.09 (103.9) 4.02 (102.1) 4.76 (120.9) 3.70 (94) 3.82 (97) 3.60 (91.4) 3.65 (92.7) 3.80 (96.5) 46.24 (1,174.5)

Average snowfall inches (cm) 8.9 (22.6) 9.5 (24.1) 4.4 (11.2) .9 (2.3) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) .4 (1) 5.4 (13.7) 29.5 (74.9)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 inch) 10.4 9.8 11.0 11.5 11.3 11.0 10.1 9.7 8.6 8.7 9.5 10.6 122.1

Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 inch) 5.0 3.7 2.4 .4 0 0 0 0 0 0 .4 2.9 14.7

Source: NOAA (1981–2010 normals)[citation needed]

Climate data for White Plains, New York
White Plains, New York
(Westchester Co. Airport)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °F (°C) 35.4 (1.9) 38.8 (3.8) 46.8 (8.2) 58.0 (14.4) 68.0 (20) 77.0 (25) 81.6 (27.6) 79.9 (26.6) 72.5 (22.5) 61.5 (16.4) 51.4 (10.8) 40.4 (4.7) 59.4 (15.2)

Average low °F (°C) 21.1 (−6.1) 22.9 (−5.1) 29.3 (−1.5) 39.3 (4.1) 48.6 (9.2) 58.9 (14.9) 63.9 (17.7) 62.9 (17.2) 55.1 (12.8) 43.7 (6.5) 36.0 (2.2) 26.8 (−2.9) 42.5 (5.8)

Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.78 (96) 2.99 (75.9) 4.52 (114.8) 4.40 (111.8) 4.12 (104.6) 4.25 (108) 3.71 (94.2) 4.16 (105.7) 4.72 (119.9) 4.41 (112) 3.97 (100.8) 4.32 (109.7) 49.35 (1,253.4)

Average snowfall inches (cm) 8.9 (22.6) 8.8 (22.4) 5.4 (13.7) 1.0 (2.5) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) .3 (0.8) 5.5 (14) 29.9 (76)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 inch) 9.3 8.5 10.3 10.3 10.9 9.9 9.0 9.5 8.7 9.0 9.9 10.4 115.7

Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 inch) 3.6 2.7 2.0 .3 0 0 0 0 0 0 .3 2.3 11.2

Source: NOAA (1981–2010 normals)[citation needed]

Climate data for West Point, New York

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °F (°C) 71 (22) 72 (22) 86 (30) 96 (36) 97 (36) 102 (39) 106 (41) 105 (41) 105 (41) 92 (33) 82 (28) 72 (22) 106 (41)

Average high °F (°C) 34.8 (1.6) 38.6 (3.7) 47.7 (8.7) 60.6 (15.9) 71.3 (21.8) 79.8 (26.6) 84.5 (29.2) 82.5 (28.1) 74.8 (23.8) 62.5 (16.9) 51.3 (10.7) 39.6 (4.2) 60.7 (15.9)

Average low °F (°C) 20.1 (−6.6) 22.4 (−5.3) 29.4 (−1.4) 40.1 (4.5) 49.8 (9.9) 59.1 (15.1) 63.7 (17.6) 63.0 (17.2) 55.2 (12.9) 44.5 (6.9) 35.8 (2.1) 26.2 (−3.2) 42.4 (5.8)

Record low °F (°C) −15 (−26) −17 (−27) −2 (−19) 12 (−11) 25 (−4) 39 (4) 40 (4) 35 (2) 28 (−2) 20 (−7) 5 (−15) −16 (−27) −17 (−27)

Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.73 (94.7) 2.97 (75.4) 3.93 (99.8) 4.00 (101.6) 4.15 (105.4) 4.59 (116.6) 4.59 (116.6) 4.54 (115.3) 4.47 (113.5) 4.99 (126.7) 4.33 (110) 4.27 (108.5) 50.55 (1,284)

Average snowfall inches (cm) 12.2 (31) 11.2 (28.4) 5.6 (14.2) .2 (0.5) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) .6 (1.5) 5.5 (14) 35.3 (89.6)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 inch) 9.8 7.8 9.2 10.6 11.4 11.3 10.2 9.3 8.2 8.8 9.4 10.0 115.9

Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 inch) 5.1 3.1 1.6 .1 0 0 0 0 0 0 .3 1.7 11.9

Source: NOAA (1981–2010 normals)[citation needed]

Climate data for Bridgehampton, New York

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °F (°C) 67 (19) 63 (17) 79 (26) 92 (33) 93 (34) 95 (35) 102 (39) 100 (38) 94 (34) 88 (31) 75 (24) 70 (21) 102 (39)

Average high °F (°C) 38.9 (3.8) 40.5 (4.7) 47.0 (8.3) 56.3 (13.5) 66.1 (18.9) 75.2 (24) 81.0 (27.2) 80.2 (26.8) 73.5 (23.1) 63.2 (17.3) 53.7 (12.1) 43.8 (6.6) 60.0 (15.6)

Average low °F (°C) 23.8 (−4.6) 25.5 (−3.6) 31.0 (−0.6) 39.6 (4.2) 48.2 (9) 58.3 (14.6) 64.0 (17.8) 63.2 (17.3) 56.0 (13.3) 45.1 (7.3) 37.5 (3.1) 28.6 (−1.9) 43.4 (6.3)

Record low °F (°C) −11 (−24) −12 (−24) 6 (−14) 14 (−10) 29 (−2) 36 (2) 46 (8) 41 (5) 35 (2) 22 (−6) 10 (−12) −6 (−21) −12 (−24)

Average precipitation inches (mm) 4.00 (101.6) 3.72 (94.5) 5.07 (128.8) 4.52 (114.8) 3.78 (96) 4.12 (104.6) 3.45 (87.6) 3.92 (99.6) 4.60 (116.8) 4.20 (106.7) 4.37 (111) 4.38 (111.3) 50.13 (1,273.3)

Average snowfall inches (cm) 7.8 (19.8) 8.4 (21.3) 5.0 (12.7) .9 (2.3) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) .7 (1.8) 3.9 (9.9) 26.7 (67.8)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 inch) 9.9 8.9 10.2 10.5 10.7 8.8 7.9 7.7 8.1 8.4 9.5 10.0 110.6

Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 inch) 3.2 3.0 1.9 .3 0 0 0 0 0 0 .2 1.7 10.3

Source: NOAA (1981–2010 normals)[citation needed]

Climate data for Bridgeport, Connecticut
Connecticut
(Sikorsky Airport)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °F (°C) 68 (20) 67 (19) 84 (29) 91 (33) 97 (36) 97 (36) 103 (39) 100 (38) 99 (37) 89 (32) 78 (26) 76 (24) 103 (39)

Average high °F (°C) 37.1 (2.8) 39.7 (4.3) 47.2 (8.4) 57.6 (14.2) 67.6 (19.8) 77.0 (25) 82.1 (27.8) 80.8 (27.1) 74.0 (23.3) 63.2 (17.3) 53.1 (11.7) 42.3 (5.7) 60.1 (15.6)

Average low °F (°C) 23.1 (−4.9) 25.2 (−3.8) 31.4 (−0.3) 41.0 (5) 50.5 (10.3) 60.2 (15.7) 66.3 (19.1) 65.6 (18.7) 58.0 (14.4) 46.4 (8) 37.9 (3.3) 28.4 (−2) 44.5 (6.9)

Record low °F (°C) −7 (−22) −5 (−21) 4 (−16) 18 (−8) 31 (−1) 41 (5) 49 (9) 44 (7) 36 (2) 26 (−3) 16 (−9) −4 (−20) −7 (−22)

Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.10 (78.7) 2.79 (70.9) 4.04 (102.6) 4.13 (104.9) 3.80 (96.5) 3.64 (92.5) 3.46 (87.9) 3.96 (100.6) 3.48 (88.4) 3.64 (92.5) 3.39 (86.1) 3.33 (84.6) 42.75 (1,085.9)

Average snowfall inches (cm) 9.2 (23.4) 8.2 (20.8) 5.4 (13.7) .9 (2.3) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) .7 (1.8) 5.5 (14) 30.0 (76.2)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 inch) 10.9 9.7 11.3 11.0 11.8 11.1 8.9 8.9 8.2 8.8 10.0 11.1 121.7

Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 inch) 5.0 3.6 2.4 .3 0 0 0 0 0 0 .5 3.1 15.0

Source: NOAA (1981–2010 normals)[citation needed]

Climate data for Danbury, Connecticut

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °F (°C) 71 (22) 77 (25) 92 (33) 95 (35) 97 (36) 105 (41) 106 (41) 104 (40) 100 (38) 91 (33) 82 (28) 80 (27) 106 (41)

Average high °F (°C) 35.6 (2) 39.6 (4.2) 48.7 (9.3) 61.0 (16.1) 71.9 (22.2) 80.8 (27.1) 84.9 (29.4) 82.5 (28.1) 74.5 (23.6) 62.7 (17.1) 51.3 (10.7) 39.9 (4.4) 61.1 (16.2)

Average low °F (°C) 19.2 (−7.1) 21.8 (−5.7) 28.6 (−1.9) 38.9 (3.8) 48.4 (9.1) 58.5 (14.7) 63.4 (17.4) 61.8 (16.6) 53.4 (11.9) 41.8 (5.4) 33.6 (0.9) 24.6 (−4.1) 41.2 (5.1)

Record low °F (°C) −18 (−28) −16 (−27) −9 (−23) 14 (−10) 25 (−4) 35 (2) 38 (3) 37 (3) 23 (−5) 16 (−9) 0 (−18) −11 (−24) −18 (−28)

Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.76 (95.5) 3.18 (80.8) 4.43 (112.5) 4.36 (110.7) 4.57 (116.1) 4.74 (120.4) 4.99 (126.7) 4.55 (115.6) 4.66 (118.4) 4.89 (124.2) 4.54 (115.3) 4.16 (105.7) 52.83 (1,341.9)

Average snowfall inches (cm) 14.9 (37.8) 13.1 (33.3) 9.7 (24.6) 1.6 (4.1) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 1.2 (3) 9.7 (24.6) 50.2 (127.4)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 inch) 11.5 10.0 11.8 11.5 12.2 12.0 10.4 9.4 9.3 9.2 10.0 11.6 128.9

Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 inch) 7.9 5.4 4.2 .9 0 0 0 0 0 .1 1.0 5.0 24.5

Source: NOAA (1981–2010 normals)[citation needed]

Climate data for Allentown, Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
( Lehigh Valley
Lehigh Valley
Int'l), 1981–2010 normals,[c] extremes 1922–present[d]

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °F (°C) 72 (22) 81 (27) 87 (31) 93 (34) 97 (36) 100 (38) 105 (41) 100 (38) 99 (37) 92 (33) 81 (27) 72 (22) 105 (41)

Mean maximum °F (°C) 57.9 (14.4) 59.6 (15.3) 71.6 (22) 82.5 (28.1) 88.2 (31.2) 91.9 (33.3) 94.2 (34.6) 92.5 (33.6) 88.0 (31.1) 79.0 (26.1) 70.6 (21.4) 59.7 (15.4) 95.4 (35.2)

Average high °F (°C) 36.0 (2.2) 39.8 (4.3) 49.4 (9.7) 61.3 (16.3) 71.5 (21.9) 80.1 (26.7) 84.2 (29) 82.4 (28) 74.9 (23.8) 63.6 (17.6) 52.5 (11.4) 40.5 (4.7) 61.4 (16.3)

Average low °F (°C) 19.5 (−6.9) 21.7 (−5.7) 28.8 (−1.8) 38.5 (3.6) 48.3 (9.1) 58.1 (14.5) 62.7 (17.1) 60.9 (16.1) 52.9 (11.6) 41.3 (5.2) 32.9 (0.5) 24.0 (−4.4) 40.8 (4.9)

Mean minimum °F (°C) 3.0 (−16.1) 5.7 (−14.6) 13.1 (−10.5) 26.0 (−3.3) 35.5 (1.9) 46.3 (7.9) 52.6 (11.4) 49.8 (9.9) 39.2 (4) 28.8 (−1.8) 19.9 (−6.7) 9.1 (−12.7) 0.2 (−17.7)

Record low °F (°C) −15 (−26) −12 (−24) −5 (−21) 12 (−11) 28 (−2) 39 (4) 46 (8) 41 (5) 30 (−1) 21 (−6) 3 (−16) −8 (−22) −15 (−26)

Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.03 (77) 2.70 (68.6) 3.39 (86.1) 3.56 (90.4) 4.14 (105.2) 4.31 (109.5) 4.95 (125.7) 3.69 (93.7) 4.62 (117.3) 3.88 (98.6) 3.50 (88.9) 3.58 (90.9) 45.35 (1,151.9)

Average snowfall inches (cm) 10.0 (25.4) 11.1 (28.2) 4.9 (12.4) 1.0 (2.5) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0.7 (1.8) 5.2 (13.2) 32.9 (83.6)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 11.1 9.8 11.0 12.1 12.1 11.4 10.9 9.5 9.1 9.1 9.8 10.9 126.8

Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 5.6 4.8 2.5 0.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.6 3.5 17.4

Average relative humidity (%) 69.1 66.7 62.6 60.9 65.6 67.9 68.8 71.9 74.0 71.8 70.5 71.4 68.4

Source: NOAA (relative humidity 1961–1990)[83][84]

Climate data for Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °F (°C) 72 (22) 74 (23) 87 (31) 96 (36) 97 (36) 110 (43) 104 (40) 103 (39) 106 (41) 95 (35) 98 (37) 72 (22) 110 (43)

Average high °F (°C) 35 (2) 39 (4) 49 (9) 61 (16) 72 (22) 80 (27) 85 (29) 83 (28) 75 (24) 64 (18) 51 (11) 40 (4) 61.2 (16.2)

Average low °F (°C) 16 (−9) 17 (−8) 26 (−3) 36 (2) 46 (8) 55 (13) 59 (15) 58 (14) 50 (10) 38 (3) 30 (−1) 22 (−6) 37.8 (3.2)

Record low °F (°C) −25 (−32) −21 (−29) −14 (−26) 10 (−12) 24 (−4) 32 (0) 36 (2) 32 (0) 20 (−7) 14 (−10) 2 (−17) −14 (−26) −25 (−32)

Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.98 (101.1) 3.01 (76.5) 3.84 (97.5) 4.00 (101.6) 5.01 (127.3) 4.56 (115.8) 4.42 (112.3) 4.28 (108.7) 4.89 (124.2) 3.81 (96.8) 4.26 (108.2) 3.92 (99.6) 49.98 (1,269.6)

Source: Weatherbase [85]

Climate data for Morristown, New Jersey

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °F (°C) 38 (3) 41 (5) 50 (10) 61 (16) 71 (22) 80 (27) 85 (29) 83 (28) 75 (24) 65 (18) 54 (12) 43 (6) 62.2 (16.7)

Average low °F (°C) 18 (−8) 19 (−7) 27 (−3) 36 (2) 46 (8) 54 (12) 59 (15) 58 (14) 51 (11) 39 (4) 32 (0) 23 (−5) 38.5 (3.6)

Average precipitation inches (mm) 4.50 (114.3) 3.00 (76.2) 4.41 (112) 4.64 (117.9) 5.09 (129.3) 4.40 (111.8) 5.29 (134.4) 4.37 (111) 5.33 (135.4) 4.17 (105.9) 4.37 (111) 4.10 (104.1) 53.67 (1,363.2)

Source: [86]

History[edit] Main article: History of New York City

This section may require cleanup to meet's quality standards. The specific problem is: grammar, style, citations Please help improve this section if you can. (May 2012) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Peter Minuit
Peter Minuit
is credited with the purchase of the island of Manhattan in 1626.

New Amsterdam, centered in the eventual Lower Manhattan, in 1664, the year England
England
took control and renamed it New York

Little Italy, Lower East Side, Manhattan, circa 1900.

The United Nations
United Nations
Headquarters, established in Midtown Manhattan
Manhattan
in 1952

Liberty Enlightening the World, known as the Statue of Liberty, on Liberty Island
Island
in New York Harbor, is a globally recognized symbol of both the United States
United States
and ideals such as freedom, democracy, and opportunity.[87]

The World Trade Center in Lower Manhattan
Manhattan
during the September 11 attacks in 2001, which caused nearly 3,000 deaths, mostly residents of the metropolitan region.

One World Trade Center, built in its place and opened in 2014.

During the Wisconsinan glaciation, the region was situated at the edge of a large ice sheet over 1000 feet in depth. The ice sheet scraped away large amounts of soil, leaving the bedrock that serves as the geologic foundation for much of the New York City
New York City
metropolitan region today. Later on, the ice sheet would help split apart what are now Long Island
Long Island
and Staten Island.

The Unisphere
Unisphere
in Flushing Meadows – Corona Park, iconic of Queens, the most ethnically diverse U.S. county
U.S. county
and a borough of New York City.[88][89]

At the time of European contact the region was inhabited by Native Americans, predominantly the Lenape,[90] and others. The Native Americans used the abundant waterways in the area for many purposes, such as fishing and trade routes. Sailing for France in 1524, Giovanni da Verrazzano was the first European to enter the local waters and encounter the residents, but he did not make landfall. Henry Hudson, sailing for the Dutch in 1609, visited the area and built a settlement on Lower Manhattan
Manhattan
Island
Island
that was eventually renamed New Amsterdam
New Amsterdam
by Dutch colonists in 1626.[91] In 1664, the area went under English control,[91][92] and was later renamed New York after King Charles II of England
England
granted the lands to his brother, the Duke of York.[93][94] As the fur trade expanded further north, New York became a trading hub, which brought in a diverse set of ethnic groups including Africans, Jews, and Portuguese. The island of Manhattan
Manhattan
had an extraordinary natural harbor formed by New York Bay (actually the drowned lower river valley of the Hudson River, enclosed by glacial moraines), the East River
East River
(actually a tidal strait), and the Hudson River, all of which merge at the southern tip, from which all later development spread. During the American Revolution, the strategic waterways made New York vitally important as a wartime base for the British navy. Many battles such as the Battle of Long Island
Long Island
and the Battle of New York were fought in the region to secure it. New York City
City
was captured by the British early in the war, becoming a haven for Loyalist refugees from other parts of the country, and remained in the hands of the British until the war ended in 1783. New York served as the capital of the United States
United States
from 1785 until 1790,[95] after which the capital moved to Philadelphia. New York City
New York City
has been the country's largest city since 1790.[96] In 1792, the Buttonwood Agreement, made by a group of merchants, created what is now the New York Stock Exchange in Lower Manhattan. Today, many people in the metropolitan area work in this important stock exchange. The Statue of Liberty
Statue of Liberty
in New York Harbor
New York Harbor
greeted millions of immigrants as they came to America by ship in the late 19th and early 20th centuries[97] and is a globally recognized symbol of the United States and its democracy.[98] Large-scale immigration into New York was a result of a large demand for manpower. A cosmopolitan attitude in the city created tolerance for various cultures and ethnic groups. German, Irish, and Italian immigrants were among the largest ethnic groups. Today, many of their descendants continue to live in the region. Cultural buildings such as the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Metropolitan Opera, the American Museum of Natural History
American Museum of Natural History
were built. New York newspapers were read around the country as media moguls James Gordon Bennett, Sr., Joseph Pulitzer
Joseph Pulitzer
and William Randolph Hearst battled for readership. In 1884, over 70% of exports passed through ports in New York or in one of the surrounding towns. The five boroughs of New York City
New York City
— The Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens, and Staten Island
Staten Island
— were consolidated into a single city in 1898.[99][100] The newly unified New York City
New York City
encouraged both more physical connections between the boroughs and the growth of bedroom communities. The New York City
New York City
Subway began operating in 1904 as the Interborough Rapid Transit Company, one of three systems (the other two being the Brooklyn- Manhattan
Manhattan
Transit Corporation and the Independent Subway System) that were later taken over by the city. Railroad stations such as Grand Central Terminal
Grand Central Terminal
and Pennsylvania Station helped fuel suburban growth. During the era of the Prohibition, when alcohol was banned nationwide, organized crime grew to supply the high demand for bootleg alcohol. The Broadway Theater District developed with the showing of the musical, Show Boat. The Great Depression
Great Depression
suspended the region's fortunes as a period of widespread unemployment and poverty began. City
City
planner Robert Moses began his automobile-centered career of building bridges, parkways, and later expressways. During World War II, the city economy was hurt by blockades of German U-Boats, which limited shipping with Europe. After its population peaked in 1950, much of the city's population began leaving for the suburbs of New York City. The effects were a result of white flight. Industry and commerce also declined in this era, with businesses leaving for the suburbs and other cities. The city, particularly Brooklyn, was dealt a psychological as well as an economic blow with the loss of the iconic Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Dodgers major-league baseball team, which moved to Los Angeles
Los Angeles
after the 1957 season. Crime affected the city severely. Urban renewal projects alleviated the decay in Midtown Manhattan
Manhattan
to a certain extent, but later failed. There was little reported social disruption during the Northeast Blackout of 1965, but the New York City
New York City
Blackout of 1977 caused massive rioting in some parts of the city. A rare highlight was the completion of the former World Trade Center, which once stood as the tallest buildings in the world. In the 1980s, the city economy was booming. Wall Street
Wall Street
was fueling an economic surge in the real estate market. Despite this, crime was still an issue. Beginning in the 1990s, however, crime dropped substantially. Crime in New York City
New York City
has continued to decline through the 21st century.

A flooded Avenue C in Manhattan
Manhattan
just moments before the explosion at an electrical substation caused by Hurricane Sandy
Hurricane Sandy
on October 29, 2012.[101]

A major event in the region's and the nation's history was the September 11th attacks
September 11th attacks
in 2001, which killed nearly 3,000 people as two planes crashed into the former World Trade Center and caused the towers to collapse. Businesses led an exodus from Lower Manhattan because of this but were replaced by an increased number of high-rise residences. In 2003, another blackout occurred, the 2003 North America blackout, but the city suffered no looting and a building boom in New York City
City
continues to this day. On October 29 and 30, 2012, Hurricane Sandy
Hurricane Sandy
caused extensive destruction in the metropolitan area, ravaging portions of the Atlantic coastline with record-high storm surge, severe flooding, and high winds, causing power outages for millions of residents via downed trees and power lines and malfunctions at electrical substations, leading to gasoline shortages and snarling mass transit systems. Damage to New York and New Jersey
New Jersey
in terms of physical infrastructure and private property as well as including interrupted commerce was estimated at several tens of billions of dollars.[102] The storm and its profound impacts have prompted the discussion of constructing seawalls and other coastal barriers around the shorelines of the metropolitan area to minimize the risk of destructive consequences from another such event in the future.[103][104]

Statistical history[edit] The U.S. Census Bureau
U.S. Census Bureau
first designated metropolitan areas in 1950 as standard metropolitan areas (SMAs). The "New York–Northeastern NJ SMA" was defined to include 17 counties: 9 in New York (the five boroughs of New York City, Nassau, Suffolk, Westchester, and Rockland) and 8 in New Jersey
New Jersey
(Bergen, Hudson, Passaic, Essex, Union, Morris, Somerset, and Middlesex). In 1960, the metropolitan area standards were modified and renamed standard metropolitan statistical areas (SMSAs). The new standards resulted in the splitting of the former SMA into several pieces: the nine New York counties became the "New York SMSA"; three of the New Jersey
New Jersey
counties (Essex, Union, and Morris) became the "Newark SMSA"; two other New Jersey
New Jersey
counties (Bergen and Passaic) became the "Paterson–Passaic–Clifton SMSA"; Hudson County was designated the "Jersey City
City
SMSA"; and Middlesex and Somerset counties lost their metropolitan status. In 1973, a new set of metropolitan area standards resulted in further changes: Nassau and Suffolk counties were split off as their own SMSA ("Nassau–Suffolk SMSA"); Bergen County
Bergen County
(originally part of the Paterson–Clifton–Passaic SMSA) was transferred to the New York SMSA; the New York SMSA also received Putnam County (previously non-metropolitan); Somerset County was added to the Newark SMSA; and two new SMSAs, the "New Brunswick–Perth Amboy–Sayreville SMSA" (Middlesex County) and "Long Branch–Asbury Park SMSA" (Monmouth County), were established. In 1983, the concept of a consolidated metropolitan statistical area (CMSA) was first implemented. A CMSA consisted of several primary metropolitan statistical areas (PMSAs), which were individual employment centers within a wider labor market area. The "New York–Northern New Jersey– Long Island
Long Island
CMSA" consisted of 12 PMSAs. Seven PMSAs were based on the original 1950 New York SMA that were split up: New York, Bergen–Passaic, Jersey City, Middlesex–Somerset–Hunterdon (Hunterdon added for the first time), Monmouth–Ocean (Ocean added for the first time), Nassau–Suffolk, and Newark (Sussex added for the first time). One additional PMSA was the Orange County PMSA (previously the Newburgh–Middletown SMSA). The other four PMSAs were former SMSAs in Connecticut: Bridgeport, Stamford, Norwalk, and Danbury. In 1993, four PMSAs were added to the New York–Northern New Jersey– Long Island
Long Island
CMSA: Trenton PMSA (Mercer County), Dutchess County
Dutchess County
PMSA, Waterbury PMSA, and New Haven PMSA. Several new counties were also added to the CMSA: Sussex, Warren, and Pike. The CMSA model was originally utilized for tabulating data from the 2000 census. In 2003, a new set of standards was established using the Core Based Statistical Area (CBSA) model was adopted and remains in use as of 2010. The CBSA model resulted in the splitting up of the old CMSA into several metropolitan statistical areas: New York–Northern New Jersey–Long Island, Poughkeepsie–Newburgh–Middletown, Trenton–Ewing, Bridgeport–Stamford–Norwalk (includes Danbury), and New Haven–Milford (includes Waterbury). In 2013, the Census Bureau added Carbon, Lehigh, Northampton, and Monroe counties in Pennsylvania, and Warren County, New Jersey
New Jersey
(encompassing collectively the Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ MSA and the East Stroudsburg, PA MSA), to the Combined Statistical Area,[105] and assimilated Poughkeepsie–Newburgh–Middletown into the larger New York–Northern New Jersey–Long Island–NY–NJ–PA MSA. Demographics[edit]

Historical populations - New York Metropolitan Area (MSA)

Census Pop.

1950 12,911,994

1960 13,570,926

5.1%

1970 14,787,249

9.0%

1980 14,139,713

−4.4%

1990 16,264,981

15.0%

2000 17,770,162

9.3%

2010 19,567,410

10.1%

U.S. Decennial Census 2011 estimate

Spanish Harlem (El Barrio) in Upper Manhattan

Chinatown, Manhattan
Manhattan
(紐約華埠). The New York City
New York City
metropolitan area is home to the largest population of overseas Chinese outside of Asia, over three-quarters of a million in 2013.[106][107]

Bergen County
Bergen County
(버겐 카운티), New Jersey, is home to all of the nation's top ten municipalities by percentage of Korean population, led by Palisades Park (벼랑 공원) (above), a borough where Koreans comprise the majority (52%) of the population.[108][109]

Further information: Chinese in the New York City
New York City
metropolitan region, Indians in the New York City
New York City
metropolitan region, Filipinos in the New York City
City
metropolitan region, Koreans
Koreans
in the New York City metropolitan region, Japanese in the New York City
New York City
metropolitan region, Russians in the New York City
New York City
metropolitan region, Jews
Jews
in the New York City
New York City
metropolitan region, Puerto Ricans in the New York City metropolitan region, and Gays in the New York City
New York City
metropolitan region

India
India
Square, Jersey City, New Jersey, known as Little Bombay,[110] home to the highest concentration of Asian Indians in the Western Hemisphere.[111]

2010 Census[edit]

Racial composition 2010

White 73.4%

 —Non-Hispanic White 51.7%

 —Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 21.7%

Black or African-American 15.3%

Asian 9%

Native American or Alaskan Native 0.2%

Other 0.5%

Two or more races 1.6%

As of the 2010 Census, the metropolitan area had a population of 22,085,649. The population density was 1,865 per square mile. The racial markup was 51.7% White (non-Latino), 21.7% Latino, 15.3% African-American, 9.0% Asian-American, 0.16% Native American and Alaskan Native, 0.03% Pacific Islands American, 0.5% Other, and 1.6% Multiracial.[112] The median age was 37.9. 25.5% were under 18, 9.5% were 18 to 24 years, 28% were 25 to 44 years of age, 26.6% were 45 to 64 years old, and 13.2% were over the age of 65. Males composed 48.3% of the population while females were 51.7% of the population.[citation needed] 97.7% of the population were in households, 2.3% were in group quarters, and 1% were institutionalized. There were 8,103,731 households of which 30.2% or 2,449,343 had children. 46.1% or 3,736,165 were composed of opposite sex and married couples. Male households with no wife composed 4.9% or 400,534. 15.0% or 1,212,436 were female households, with no husbands. 34% or 2,754,596 were non-family households. The household density was 684 per square mile. 91.9% of housing units were occupied with a 3.8% vacancy rate. The average household size was 2.65 per household. The average income for non-family households was $90,335, and the average income for families was $104,715. 13.3% or 2,888,493 of the population were below the poverty line.[citation needed] 26.7% or 5,911,993 of the population were born outside the United States. Out of this, 17.4% or 1,028,506 were born in Europe, 27.0% or 1,595,523 were born in Asia, 3.8% or 224,109 were born in Africa, 0.2% or 11,957 were born in Oceania, 50.6% or 2,992,639 were born in Latin America.[citation needed] Population estimates[edit] As of July 1, 2015, the United States
United States
Census Bureau estimated the population of the New York City
New York City
metropolitan area at 23,723,696, an increase of 647,032 from 2010.[5] The New York City
New York City
metropolitan region is ethnically diverse. Asian Americans in New York City, according to the 2010 Census, number more than one million, greater than the combined totals of San Francisco and Los Angeles.[113] New York contains the highest total Asian population of any U.S. city proper.[114] The New York City
New York City
borough of Queens
Queens
is home to the state's largest Asian American
Asian American
population and the largest Andean (Colombian, Ecuadorian, Peruvian, and Bolivian) populations in the United States, and is also the most ethnically diverse urban area in the world.[115][116] The Han Chinese
Han Chinese
population constitutes the fastest-growing ethnicity in New York State; multiple satellites of the original Manhattan
Manhattan
Chinatown
Chinatown
(紐約華埠), in Brooklyn
Brooklyn
(布鲁克林華埠), and around Flushing, Queens (法拉盛華埠), are thriving as traditionally urban enclaves, while also expanding rapidly eastward into suburban Nassau County (拿騷縣)[117] on Long Island
Long Island
(長島),[118] as the New York metropolitan region and New York State
New York State
have become the top destinations for new Chinese immigrants, respectively, and large-scale Chinese immigration continues into New York City
New York City
and surrounding areas.[119][120][121][122][123][124] In 2012, 6.3% of New York City was of Chinese ethnicity, with nearly three-fourths living in either Queens
Queens
or Brooklyn, geographically on Long Island.[125] In particular, the New York area has over 100,000 Fuzhounese people.[126] A community numbering 20,000 Korean-Chinese (Chaoxianzu (Chinese: 朝鲜族) or Joseonjok (Hangul: 조선족)) is centered in Flushing, Queens, while New York City
New York City
is also home to the largest Tibetan population outside China, India, and Nepal, also centered in Queens.[127] Koreans
Koreans
made up 1.2% of the city's population, and Japanese 0.3%. Filipinos were the largest Southeast Asian
Southeast Asian
ethnic group at 0.8%, followed by Vietnamese, who made up 0.2% of New York City's population in 2010. Indians are the largest South Asian
South Asian
group, comprising 2.4% of the city's population, with Bangladeshis and Pakistanis at 0.7% and 0.5%, respectively.[128] Queens
Queens
is the preferred borough of settlement for Asian Indians, Koreans, and Filipinos,[129] as well as Malaysians[9] and other Southeast Asians;[130] while Brooklyn
Brooklyn
is receiving large numbers of both West Indian as well as Asian Indian
Asian Indian
immigrants. New York City
New York City
has the largest European and non-Hispanic white population of any American city. At 2.7 million in 2012, New York's non-Hispanic white population is larger than the non-Hispanic white populations of Los Angeles
Los Angeles
(1.1 million), Chicago (865,000), and Houston (550,000) combined.[131] The European diaspora
European diaspora
residing in the city is very diverse. According to 2012 Census estimates, there were roughly 560,000 Italian Americans, 385,000 Irish Americans, 253,000 German Americans, 223,000 Russian Americans, 201,000 Polish Americans, and 137,000 English Americans. Additionally, Greek and French Americans numbered 65,000 each, with those of Hungarian descent estimated at 60,000 people. Ukrainian and Scottish Americans numbered 55,000 and 35,000, respectively. People identifying ancestry from Spain
Spain
numbered 30,838 total in 2010.[132] People of Norwegian and Swedish descent both stood at about 20,000 each, while people of Czech, Lithuanian, Portuguese, Scotch-Irish, and Welsh descent all numbered between 12,000–14,000 people.[133] Arab Americans number over 160,000 in New York City,[134] with the highest concentration in Brooklyn. Central Asians, primarily Uzbek Americans, are a rapidly growing segment of the city's non-Hispanic white population, enumerating over 30,000, and including over half of all Central Asian immigrants to the United States,[135] most settling in Queens
Queens
or Brooklyn. Albanian Americans are most highly concentrated in the Bronx.[136]

The New York City
New York City
metropolitan area is home to the largest gay and bisexual community in the United States
United States
and one of the world's largest.[137][138]

The wider New York City
New York City
metropolitan area is also ethnically diverse.[139] The New York region continues to be by far the leading metropolitan gateway for legal immigrants admitted into the United States, substantially exceeding the combined totals of Los Angeles
Los Angeles
and Miami, the next most popular gateway regions.[140][141][142][143] It is home to the largest Jewish
Jewish
as well as Israeli communities outside Israel, with the Jewish
Jewish
population in the region numbering over 1.5 million in 2012 and including many diverse Jewish
Jewish
sects from around the Middle East
Middle East
and Eastern Europe.[127] The metropolitan area is also home to 20% of the nation's Indian Americans and at least 20 Little India
India
enclaves, as well as 15% of all Korean Americans and four Koreatowns;[144][145] the largest Asian Indian
Asian Indian
population in the Western Hemisphere; the largest Russian American,[119] Italian American, and African American
African American
populations; the largest Dominican American, Puerto Rican American, and South American[119] and second-largest overall Hispanic population in the United States, numbering 4.8 million;[132] and includes at least 6 established Chinatowns within New York City
New York City
alone,[146] with the urban agglomeration comprising a population of 819,527 uniracial overseas Chinese as of 2014 Census estimates,[147] the largest outside of Asia.[106][107] Ecuador, Colombia, Guyana, Peru, and Brazil
Brazil
were the top source countries from South America
South America
for legal immigrants to the New York City region in 2013; the Dominican Republic, Jamaica, Haiti, and Trinidad and Tobago in the Caribbean; Egypt, Ghana, and Nigeria
Nigeria
from Africa; and El Salvador, Honduras, and Guatemala
Guatemala
in Central America.[148] Amidst a resurgence of Puerto Rican migration to New York City, this population had increased to approximately 1.3 million in the metropolitan area as of 2013. The New York metropolitan area
New York metropolitan area
is home to a self-identifying gay and bisexual community estimated at 568,903 individuals, the largest in the United States
United States
and one of the world's largest.[137][138] Same-sex marriages in New York were legalized on June 24, 2011 and were authorized to take place beginning 30 days thereafter.[149] The annual New York City
New York City
Pride March (or gay pride parade) traverses southward down Fifth Avenue
Fifth Avenue
in Manhattan, ending at Greenwich Village, and rivals the Sao Paulo Gay
Gay
Pride Parade as the largest pride parade in the world, attracting tens of thousands of participants and millions of sidewalk spectators each June.[150] Religion[edit]

The landmark Neo-Gothic Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
St. Patrick's Cathedral, Midtown Manhattan.

Brooklyn's rapidly growing Orthodox Jewish
Jewish
(יהודי) community is the largest in the United States, with approximately 600,000 individuals.[151]

The Islamic Cultural Center of New York
Islamic Cultural Center of New York
(Arabic:المركز الثقافي الإسلامي في نيويورك) in Upper Manhattan.

Sri Maha Vallabha Ganapati
Ganapati
Devasthanam
Devasthanam
(Tamil: ஸ்ரீ மகா வல்லப கணபதி தேவஸ்தானம்), in Flushing, Queens, the oldest Hindu
Hindu
temple in the United States.

The Chuang Yen Monastery
Chuang Yen Monastery
(莊嚴寺), in Kent, Putnam County, houses the largest indoor statue of Buddha
Buddha
in the Western Hemisphere.[152]

Atheism, promoted on an electronic billboard in Times Square, is observed by a significant proportion of New Yorkers.

The 2014 Pew Religious Landscape Survey showed that the religious makeup of the New York City
New York City
metro area was as follows:

Religious affiliation in the New York City
New York City
metro area (2014)[153]

Affiliation % of New York population

Christian 59 59  

Catholic 63 63  

Protestant 23 23  

Evangelical Protestant 9 9  

Mainline Protestant 8 8  

Black church 6 6  

Other Christian 3 3  

Unaffiliated 24 24  

Nothing in particular 15 15  

Agnostic 4 4  

Atheist 4 4  

Jewish 8 8  

Hindu 3 3  

Muslim 3 3  

Buddhist 1 1  

Other faiths 1 1  

Don't know/refused answer 1 1  

Total 100 100  

County 2016 Estimate 2010 Census Change Area Density

Bronx
Bronx
County, New York 1,455,720 1,385,108 7000509794182114320♠+5.10% 42.10 sq mi (109.0 km2) 34,578/sq mi (13,351/km2)

Dutchess County, New York 294,473 297,488 2999898651374173080♠−1.01% 795.63 sq mi (2,060.7 km2) 370/sq mi (143/km2)

Kings County, New York 2,629,150 2,504,700 7000496865892122809♠+4.97% 70.82 sq mi (183.4 km2) 37,124/sq mi (14,334/km2)

Nassau County, New York 1,361,500 1,339,532 7000163997575272560♠+1.64% 284.72 sq mi (737.4 km2) 4,782/sq mi (1,846/km2)

New York County, New York 1,643,734 1,585,873 7000364852671052470♠+3.65% 22.83 sq mi (59.1 km2) 71,999/sq mi (27,799/km2)

Orange County, New York 379,210 372,813 7000171587364174530♠+1.72% 811.69 sq mi (2,102.3 km2) 467/sq mi (180/km2)

Putnam County, New York 98,900 99,710 3000187644168087450♠−0.81% 230.31 sq mi (596.5 km2) 429/sq mi (166/km2)

Queens
Queens
County, New York 2,333,054 2,230,722 7000458739367792130♠+4.59% 108.53 sq mi (281.1 km2) 21,497/sq mi (8,300/km2)

Richmond County, New York 476,015 468,730 7000155419964585160♠+1.55% 58.37 sq mi (151.2 km2) 8,155/sq mi (3,149/km2)

Rockland County, New York 326,780 311,687 7000484235787825609♠+4.84% 173.55 sq mi (449.5 km2) 1,883/sq mi (727/km2)

Suffolk County, New York 1,492,583 1,493,350 3001486389660829700♠−0.05% 912.05 sq mi (2,362.2 km2) 1,637/sq mi (632/km2)

Westchester County, New York 974,542 949,113 7000267923840470000♠+2.68% 430.50 sq mi (1,115.0 km2) 2,264/sq mi (874/km2)

Bergen County, New Jersey 939,151 905,116 7000376029149854830♠+3.76% 233.01 sq mi (603.5 km2) 4,031/sq mi (1,556/km2)

Essex County, New Jersey 796,914 783,969 7000165121324950350♠+1.65% 126.21 sq mi (326.9 km2) 6,212/sq mi (2,398/km2)

Hudson County, New Jersey 677,983 634,266 7000689253404722940♠+6.89% 46.19 sq mi (119.6 km2) 14,678/sq mi (5,667/km2)

Hunterdon County, New Jersey 124,676 128,349 2999713827143179920♠−2.86% 427.82 sq mi (1,108.0 km2) 291/sq mi (113/km2)

Middlesex County, New Jersey 837,073 809,858 7000336046566188150♠+3.36% 308.91 sq mi (800.1 km2) 2,710/sq mi (1,046/km2)

Monmouth County, New Jersey 625,846 630,380 3000280751292870960♠−0.72% 468.79 sq mi (1,214.2 km2) 1,335/sq mi (515/km2)

Morris County, New Jersey 498,423 492,276 7000124868975940330♠+1.25% 460.18 sq mi (1,191.9 km2) 1,083/sq mi (418/km2)

Ocean County, New Jersey 592,497 576,567 7000276290526512960♠+2.76% 628.78 sq mi (1,628.5 km2) 917/sq mi (354/km2)

Passaic County, New Jersey 507,945 501,226 7000134051306197200♠+1.34% 184.59 sq mi (478.1 km2) 2,752/sq mi (1,062/km2)

Somerset County, New Jersey 333,751 323,444 7000318664127329620♠+3.19% 301.81 sq mi (781.7 km2) 1,106/sq mi (427/km2)

Sussex County, New Jersey 142,522 149,265 2999548253106890430♠−4.52% 519.01 sq mi (1,344.2 km2) 275/sq mi (106/km2)

Union County, New Jersey 555,630 536,499 7000356589667455110♠+3.57% 102.85 sq mi (266.4 km2) 5,402/sq mi (2,086/km2)

Pike County, Pennsylvania 55,562 57,369 2999685021527305690♠−3.15% 544.96 sq mi (1,411.4 km2) 102/sq mi (39/km2)

Total 20,153,634 19,567,410 7000299592025720320♠+3.00% 8,294.21 sq mi (21,481.9 km2) 2,430/sq mi (938/km2)

Economy[edit] Main article: Economy of New York City

Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory
on the North Shore of Long Island
Long Island
is an internationally renowned biomedical research facility and home to eight scientists awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.

The New York City
New York City
regional economy is the largest in the United States and one of the most important in the world. In 2015 the CSA had a GDP of $1.83 trillion, which would rank 8th among countries. Many Fortune 500 corporations are headquartered in New York City,[154] as are a large number of foreign corporations. One out of ten private sector jobs in the city is with a foreign company.[155] In 2012 and 2015, New York City
City
topped the first and second Global Economic Power Index lists, respectively, as published by The Atlantic, with cities ranked according to criteria reflecting their presence on five different lists as published by five separate entities.[156][157] Finance, international trade, new and traditional media, real estate, education, fashion and entertainment, tourism, biotechnology, and manufacturing are the leading industries in the area. Along with its wealth, the area has a cost of living that is among the highest in the United States.[158]

The New York Stock Exchange
New York Stock Exchange
on Wall Street, the world's largest stock exchange per total market capitalization of its listed companies.[159][160]

Wall Street[edit] Main article: Wall Street New York City's most important economic sector lies in its role as the headquarters for the U.S. financial industry, metonymously known as Wall Street. Anchored by Wall Street, in the Financial District of Lower Manhattan, New York City
New York City
has been called both the most economically powerful city and the leading financial center of the world,[156][161][162][163][164] and the city is home to the world's two largest stock exchanges by total market capitalization, the New York Stock Exchange and NASDAQ.[159][160] The city's securities industry, enumerating 163,400 jobs in August 2013, continues to form the largest segment of the city's financial sector and an important economic engine, accounting in 2012 for 5 percent of the city's private sector jobs, 8.5 percent (US$3.8 billion) of its tax revenue, and 22 percent of the city's total wages, including an average salary of US$360,700.[165] Manhattan
Manhattan
had approximately 520 million square feet (48.1 million m²) of office space in 2013,[166] making it the largest office market in the United States,[167] while Midtown Manhattan
Manhattan
is the largest central business district in the nation.[168] Lower Manhattan
Manhattan
is the third largest central business district in the United States
United States
and is home to both the New York Stock Exchange, on Wall Street, and the NASDAQ, at 165 Broadway, representing the world's largest and second largest stock exchanges, respectively, when measured both by overall average daily trading volume and by total market capitalization of their listed companies in 2013.[160] Wall Street investment banking fees in 2012 totaled approximately US$40 billion,[169] while in 2013, senior New York City
New York City
bank officers who manage risk and compliance functions earned as much as US$324,000 annually.[170] In July 2013, NYSE Euronext, the operator of the New York Stock Exchange, took over the administration of the London interbank offered rate from the British Bankers Association.[171] Many Wall Street
Wall Street
firms have added or moved auxiliary financial or technical operations into Jersey City, to take advantage of New Jersey's relatively lower commercial real estate and rental prices, while offering continued geographic proximity to Manhattan's financial industry ecosystem.[172]

Manhattan's Flatiron District
Flatiron District
was the cradle of Silicon Alley, now metonymous for the New York metropolitan region's high tech sector, which has since expanded beyond the area.[173]

Silicon Alley[edit] Main article: Silicon Alley Further information: Tech companies in the New York metropolitan area and Biotech and pharmaceutical companies in the New York metropolitan area Silicon Alley, centered in New York City, has evolved into a metonym for the sphere encompassing the metropolitan region's high technology industries[174] involving the Internet, new media, financial technology (fintech), telecommunications, digital media, software development, biotechnology, game design, and other fields within information technology that are supported by its entrepreneurship ecosystem and venture capital investments. In 2015, Silicon Alley generated over US$7.3 billion in venture capital investment,[175] most based in Manhattan, as well as in Brooklyn, Queens, and elsewhere in the region. High technology startup companies and employment are growing in New York City
New York City
and across the metropolitan region, bolstered by the city's emergence as a global node of creativity and entrepreneurship,[175] social tolerance,[176] and environmental sustainability,[177][178] as well as New York's position as the leading Internet
Internet
hub and telecommunications center in North America, including its vicinity to several transatlantic fiber optic trunk lines,[179] the city's intellectual capital, and its extensive outdoor wireless connectivity.[180] Verizon Communications, headquartered at 140 West Street in Lower Manhattan, was at the final stages in 2014 of completing a US$3 billion fiberoptic telecommunications upgrade throughout New York City.[181]

Butler Library
Butler Library
at Columbia University, described as one of the most beautiful college libraries in the United States.[182]

The biotechnology sector is also growing in the New York metropolitan region, based upon its strength in academic scientific research and public and commercial financial support. On December 19, 2011, then Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg of New York City
New York City
announced his choice of Cornell University
Cornell University
and Technion- Israel
Israel
Institute of Technology to build a US$2 billion graduate school of applied sciences on Roosevelt Island, Manhattan
Manhattan
with the goal of transforming New York City
New York City
into the world's premier technology capital.[183][184] By mid-2014, Accelerator, a biotech investment firm, had raised more than US$30 million from investors, including Eli Lilly and Company, Pfizer, and Johnson & Johnson, for initial funding to create biotechnology startups at the Alexandria Center for Life Science, which encompasses more than 700,000 square feet (65,000 m2) on East 29th Street and promotes collaboration among scientists and entrepreneurs at the center and with nearby academic, medical, and research institutions. The New York City
New York City
Economic Development Corporation's Early Stage Life Sciences Funding Initiative and venture capital partners, including Celgene, General Electric
General Electric
Ventures, and Eli Lilly, committed a minimum of US$100 million to help launch 15 to 20 ventures in life sciences and biotechnology.[185] Westchester County has also developed a burgeoning biotechnology sector in the 21st century, with over US$1 billion in planned private investment as of 2016,[186] earning the county the nickname Biochester.[187]

The bronze clock on Harkness Tower
Harkness Tower
at Yale University, a structure reflecting the Collegiate Gothic
Collegiate Gothic
architectural genre

Watercolor of Cleveland Tower, Princeton University, seen in the noon autumn sun

A view of the interior of the Elmer Holmes Bobst Library
Elmer Holmes Bobst Library
at New York University

Port
Port
of New York and New Jersey[edit] Main article: Port
Port
of New York and New Jersey The Port
Port
of New York and New Jersey
New Jersey
is the port district of the New York metropolitan area, encompassing the region within approximately a 25-mile (40 km) radius of the Statue of Liberty
Statue of Liberty
National Monument. A major economic engine for the New York metropolitan area, the port includes the system of navigable waterways in the estuary along 650 miles (1,050 km) of shoreline in the vicinity of New York City
City
and the Gateway Region
Gateway Region
of northeastern New Jersey, as well as the region's airports and supporting rail and roadway distribution networks. In 2010, 4,811 ships entered the harbor carrying over 32.2 million metric tons of cargo valued at over $175 billion.[188] The port handled $208 billion in shipping cargo in 2011. Approximately 3,200,000 TEUs of containers and 700,000 automobiles are handled per year.[189] In the first half of 2014, the port handled 1,583,449 containers, a 35,000-container increase above the six-month record set in 2012,[190] while the port handled a monthly record of 306,805 containers in October 2014.[191] Water purity and availability[edit] Further information: Food and water in New York City
New York City
and New York City water supply system Water purity and availability are a lifeline for the New York City metropolitan region. New York City
New York City
is supplied with drinking water by the protected Catskill Mountains
Catskill Mountains
watershed.[192] As a result of the watershed's integrity and undisturbed natural water filtration system, New York is one of only four major cities in the United States
United States
the majority of whose drinking water is pure enough not to require purification by water treatment plants.[193] The Croton Watershed north of the city is undergoing construction of a US$3.2 billion water purification plant to augment New York City's water supply by an estimated 290 million gallons daily, representing a greater than 20% addition to the city's current availability of water.[194] The ongoing expansion of New York City
New York City
Water Tunnel No. 3, an integral part of the New York City
New York City
water supply system, is the largest capital construction project in the city's history,[195] with segments serving Manhattan and The Bronx
The Bronx
completed, and with segments serving Brooklyn
Brooklyn
and Queens planned for construction in 2020.[196] Much of the fresh water for northern and central New Jersey
New Jersey
is provided by reservoirs, but numerous municipal water wells exist which accomplish the same purpose. Education[edit] The New York metropolitan area
New York metropolitan area
is home to many prestigious institutions of higher education. Three Ivy League
Ivy League
universities ( Columbia University
Columbia University
in Manhattan, Princeton University
Princeton University
in Princeton, New Jersey, and Yale University
Yale University
in New Haven, Connecticut
Connecticut
– all ranked amongst the top 4 U.S. national universities as per U.S. News & World Report as of 2018[197]) reside in the region,[198] as well as New York University
New York University
and The Rockefeller University, both located in Manhattan; all of the above have been ranked amongst the top 35 universities in the world.[199] Rutgers University, a global university located 27 miles (43 km) southwest of Manhattan
Manhattan
in New Brunswick, New Jersey, is by far the largest university in the region.[200] New York Institute of Technology
New York Institute of Technology
is located on two campuses, one in Old Westbury, Long Island
Long Island
and one near Columbus Circle in Manhattan. Hofstra University
Hofstra University
is Long Island's largest private university.[201] Fordham University, also a Tier-1 university,[202] is the oldest Catholic institution of higher education in the northeastern United States,[203] and the third-oldest university in New York.[204] In Pennsylvania, Lehigh University
Lehigh University
in Bethlehem is among the best universities in the United States. The New York City
City
Department of Education is the largest school district in the United States
United States
serving over 1.2 million students.[205] The overall region also hosts many public high schools, some of which have been described as among the most prestigious in the country.[206] Attainment[edit] According to the 2010 American Community Survey, of the 14,973,063 persons in this area over 25 years of age, 14.8% (2,216,578) had a graduate or professional degree, 21.1% (3,166,037) had a bachelor's degree, 6.4% (962,007) had an associate degree, 16.0% (2,393,990) had some college education but no degree, 26.8% (4,009,901) had a high school diploma or equivalent, 14.8% (2,224,557) had less than a high school education.[207] In 2010, CNN Money ranked the area as one of the top 10 smartest regions in the United States.[208]

Transportation[edit]

The New York City
New York City
Subway is the world's largest rapid transit system by length of routes and by number of stations.

The Port
Port
Authority Trans-Hudson (PATH) rapid transit rail system connects Manhattan
Manhattan
and metropolitan northern New Jersey
New Jersey
beneath the Hudson River.

An Acela Express
Acela Express
train going to New York City. The Acela Express, operated by Amtrak
Amtrak
through the Northeast Corridor, is the sole high-speed rail service in the country.

The depth and intricacy of the transportation network in the New York City
City
region parallel the size and complexity of the metropolis itself. In 2013, the New York-Newark-Jersey City
City
metropolitan statistical area ( New York City
New York City
MSA) had the lowest percentage of workers who commuted by private automobile (56.9 percent), with 18.9 percent of area workers traveling via rail transit. During the period starting in 2006 and ending in 2013, the New York City
New York City
MSA had a 2.2 percent decline of workers commuting by automobile.[209] Rail[edit] About one in every three users of mass transit in the United States and two-thirds of the nation's rail riders live in the New York City metropolitan area.[210][211] New York City
New York City
Subway[edit] Main article: New York City
New York City
Subway The New York City
New York City
Subway is the largest rapid transit system in the world when measured by stations in operation, with 472, and by length of routes. In 2006 it was the third largest when measured by annual ridership (1.5 billion passenger trips in 2006),[212] However, in 2013, the subway delivered over 1.71 billion rides,[213] but slipped to being the seventh busiest rapid transit rail system in the world.[214] New York's subway is also notable because nearly the entire system remains open 24 hours a day, in contrast to the overnight shutdown common to systems in most cities, including Hong Kong,[215][216] London, Seoul,[217][218] Tokyo, and Toronto. PATH[edit] Port
Port
Authority Trans-Hudson, abbreviated PATH, is a rapid transit subway system serving Newark, Harrison, Hoboken, and Jersey City
City
in metropolitan northern New Jersey, as well as lower and midtown Manhattan
Manhattan
in New York City. The PATH is operated by, and named after, the Port
Port
Authority of New York and New Jersey. PATH trains run 24 hours a day and 7 days a week. The system has a total route length of 13.8 miles (22.2 km), not double-counting route overlaps.[4] As of October 2016, PATH had an average weekday ridership of 276,417.[5] PATH trains use tunnels in Manhattan, Hoboken, and downtown Jersey City. Commuter rail[edit] The metropolitan area is also fundamentally defined by the areas from which people commute into New York City. The city is served by three primary commuter rail systems plus Amtrak. The Long Island
Long Island
Rail Road (LIRR), the busiest commuter railroad in the United States
United States
as of 2015,[219] is operated by the Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA), an agency of the State Government of New York that focuses on New York City-area transit). It has two major terminals at Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Station in Midtown Manhattan
Manhattan
and Atlantic Terminal in Downtown Brooklyn, with a minor terminal at the Long Island
Island
City
City
station and a major transfer point at the Jamaica
Jamaica
station in Queens. New Jersey
New Jersey
Transit (NJT), the second busiest commuter railroad in the United States
United States
as of 2015,[219] is operated by the New Jersey
New Jersey
Transit Corporation, an agency of the state of New Jersey, in conjunction with Metro-North Railroad
Metro-North Railroad
and Amtrak. It has major terminals at Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Station in Manhattan, Hoboken Terminal, and Newark Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Station, with a major transfer point at Secaucus Junction in Hudson County, New Jersey. New Jersey
New Jersey
Transit also operates the Hudson–Bergen Light Rail
Hudson–Bergen Light Rail
through Hudson County, the Newark City Subway, and the River Line that runs along tracks shared with Conrail Shared Assets Operations from Trenton to Camden in southern New Jersey. NJ Transit also has commuter buses operating in and out of Manhattan. Metro-North Railroad
Metro-North Railroad
(MNRR), the third busiest commuter railroad in the United States
United States
as of 2015,[219] is also operated by the MTA, in conjunction with the Connecticut
Connecticut
Department of Transportation and New Jersey Transit. Its major terminal is Grand Central Terminal. Trains on the Port
Port
Jervis Line and Pascack Valley Line
Pascack Valley Line
terminate at Hoboken Terminal in Hoboken, New Jersey; commuters may transfer at either Secaucus Junction
Secaucus Junction
for New Jersey
New Jersey
Transit trains to New York Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Station or at Hoboken Terminal
Hoboken Terminal
for PATH trains into Manhattan. Amtrak's Northeast Corridor
Northeast Corridor
offers service to Philadelphia, New Haven, and other points between and including Boston
Boston
and Washington, D.C. Major stations in the metropolitan area include:

Station Railroad(s) State County Type

New York Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Station Amtrak, LIRR, NJT NY New York Terminal and Transfer

Grand Central Terminal MNRR NY New York Terminal

Newark Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Station Amtrak, NJT, PATH NJ Essex Transfer

Hoboken Terminal NJT, MNRR, PATH NJ Hudson Terminal

Atlantic Terminal LIRR NY Kings Terminal

Hunterspoint Avenue LIRR NY Queens Terminal

Woodside Station LIRR NY Queens Transfer

Jamaica
Jamaica
Station LIRR NY Queens Transfer

Secaucus Junction NJT, MNRR NJ Hudson Transfer

New Haven Union Station Amtrak, MNRR, Shore Line East CT New Haven Terminal and Transfer

Trenton Station Amtrak, NJT, SEPTA NJ Mercer Terminal and Transfer

The following table shows all train lines operated by these commuter railroads in the New York metropolitan area. New Jersey
New Jersey
Transit operates an additional train line in the Philadelphia
Philadelphia
metropolitan area. (Shown counterclockwise from the Atlantic Ocean):

Line or Branch Railroad Counties

Far Rockaway LIRR Kings, Queens, Nassau

Long Beach LIRR Nassau

Montauk LIRR Suffolk

Babylon LIRR Nassau, Suffolk

West Hempstead LIRR Kings (weekdays), Queens, Nassau

Hempstead LIRR Kings, Queens, Nassau

Ronkonkoma (Main Line) LIRR Nassau, Suffolk

Port
Port
Jefferson LIRR Nassau, Suffolk

Oyster Bay LIRR Nassau

Port
Port
Washington LIRR Queens, Nassau

New Haven MNRR, Shore Line East, Amtrak Westchester, Fairfield, New Haven

Harlem MNRR New York, Bronx, Westchester, Putnam, Dutchess

Hudson MNRR, Amtrak Bronx, Westchester, Putnam, Dutchess

Pascack Valley MNRR, NJT Hudson, Bergen, Rockland

Port
Port
Jervis / Main Line / Bergen County MNRR, NJT Hudson, Bergen, Passaic, Rockland, Orange

Montclair–Boonton NJT New York, Hudson, Essex, Passaic, Morris, Warren

Morris & Essex ( Morristown Line
Morristown Line
and Gladstone Branch) NJT New York, Hudson, Essex, Union, Morris, Somerset, Warren

Raritan Valley NJT Hudson, Essex, Union, Middlesex, Somerset, Hunterdon

Northeast Corridor
Northeast Corridor
and Princeton Branch NJT, Amtrak New York, Hudson, Essex, Union, Middlesex, Mercer

North Jersey
North Jersey
Coast NJT New York, Hudson, Essex, Union, Middlesex, Monmouth, Ocean

Major highways[edit]

This section is incomplete. (November 2011)

The following highways serve the region:

The George Washington Bridge, connecting Washington Heights in Upper Manhattan
Manhattan
across the Hudson River
Hudson River
to Fort Lee in Bergen County, New Jersey, is the world's busiest motor vehicle bridge.[220][221] Interstate 95
Interstate 95
and U.S. Route 1/9
U.S. Route 1/9
cross the river via the bridge, while U.S. Route 46, which lies entirely within New Jersey, ends halfway across the bridge at the state border with New York.

The Walkway over the Hudson, the world's longest pedestrian bridge,[222] connects Ulster and Dutchess counties in New York.

Interstates[edit]

The Long Island
Long Island
Expressway (I-495), viewing eastbound in Corona, Queens

I‑78 I‑80 I‑84 I-87 I-91 I‑95 I-195 I‑278 – serves as southern beltway around New York City I-280 I‑287 – serves as northern beltway around New York City I-295 I-478 I-495 − also known as Long Island
Long Island
Expressway or LIE I-678 I‑684 I-878 - unsigned I-895

U.S. Routes[edit]

US 1 US 5 US 6 US 7 US 9 US 22 US 44 US 46 US 130 US 202 US 206 US 209

State Routes[edit]

Route 3 Route 4 Route 8 NY 9A Route 15 Route 17 Route 18 Route 21 Route 23 Route 24 Route 25 NY 25 NY 27 Route 31 Route 139 Route 208 NY 440 / Route 440 Route 495

Other limited-access roads[edit]

Heavy traffic on the Garden State Parkway
Parkway
in Wall Township, Monmouth County, New Jersey

Some of these roads have a numerical designation assigned to it:

Belt Parkway Bronx
Bronx
River Parkway Conn. Turnpike (part of I-95) FDR Drive G.S. Parkway Grand Central Parkway Harlem River Drive Henry Hudson
Henry Hudson
Parkway Hutchinson River Parkway Jackie Robinson Parkway
Parkway
(formerly: Interboro Parkway) Merritt Parkway
Parkway
(part of Route 15) N.J. Turnpike (part of I-95) New York Thruway (part of I-87) Northern State Parkway Palisades Parkway Saw Mill River Parkway Southern State Parkway Sprain Brook Parkway Taconic State Parkway

Named bridges and tunnels[edit]

The Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Bridge

The Verrazano-Narrows Bridge, one of the world's longest suspension bridges,[223][224] connects Brooklyn
Brooklyn
and Staten Island
Staten Island
across The Narrows.

The Great South Bay
Great South Bay
Bridge, in Suffolk County, connects the mainland of Long Island
Long Island
to barrier islands across the Great South Bay.

Albertus L. Meyers Bridge, Allentown, PA, carrying Eighth Street over the Little Lehigh Creek Alexander Hamilton Bridge
Alexander Hamilton Bridge
connecting the Trans- Manhattan
Manhattan
Expressway in the Washington Heights section of Manhattan
Manhattan
and the Cross-Bronx Expressway, as part of Interstate 95 Basilone Bridge
Basilone Bridge
(part of I-95 and the New Jersey
New Jersey
Turnpike) Bayonne Bridge
Bayonne Bridge
(part of NY 440 and NJ 440), scheduled to undergo a $1 billion project to raise the roadway by 64 feet to 215 feet to allow taller container ships to pass underneath to access seaports in New York City
City
and northern New Jersey.[225] Bear Mountain Bridge
Bear Mountain Bridge
(part of US 6 and US 202) Bronx–Whitestone Bridge
Bronx–Whitestone Bridge
(part of I-678) – connects the boroughs of Bronx
Bronx
and Queens. Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Bridge, iconic of New York City
New York City
and designated a National Historic Landmark by the U.S. National Park Service
U.S. National Park Service
on January 29, 1964.[226] Connects Brooklyn
Brooklyn
and lower Manhattan
Manhattan
(at Park Row and City Hall). Brooklyn–Battery Tunnel
Brooklyn–Battery Tunnel
(part of I-478), officially renamed the Hugh L. Carey Tunnel, in honor of the former New York State
New York State
governor – connects Brooklyn
Brooklyn
and lower Manhattan
Manhattan
(financial district). Delaware Water Gap Toll Bridge
Delaware Water Gap Toll Bridge
(part of I-80 crossing the Delaware River) Driscoll Bridge
Driscoll Bridge
(part of the Garden State Parkway), with a total of 15 travel lanes and 6 shoulder lanes, the widest motor vehicle bridge in the world by number of lanes[227] and one of the world's busiest. Easton–Phillipsburg Toll Bridge
Easton–Phillipsburg Toll Bridge
(part of US 22 crossing the Delaware River) Ed Koch Queensboro Bridge
Ed Koch Queensboro Bridge
(part of NY 25) – renamed in honor of former New York City
New York City
Mayor Edward I. Koch, also known informally as the "59th Street Bridge". Connects Queens
Queens
and east side of Manhattan. George Washington Bridge
George Washington Bridge
(part of I-95 and US 1-9/46), the world's busiest motor vehicle bridge[220][221] and one of the world's widest, with 14 lanes.[227] Goethals Bridge
Goethals Bridge
(part of I-278) Great South Bay
Great South Bay
Bridge, Long Island Hill to Hill Bridge, part of PA-378 over the Lehigh River
Lehigh River
in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania Heroes Tunnel
Heroes Tunnel
(formerly the West Rock Tunnel) (part of CT 15) Holland Tunnel
Holland Tunnel
(part of I-78) Interstate 78
Interstate 78
Toll Bridge (over the Delaware River) Lehigh Tunnel
Lehigh Tunnel
(part of Interstate 476) in Carbon and Lehigh Counties, PA Lincoln Tunnel
Lincoln Tunnel
(part of Route 495) Manhattan
Manhattan
Bridge, connecting Brooklyn
Brooklyn
to Manhattan's Chinatown, carries 4 tracks of the B, ​D​, N, and ​Q trains of the New York City
City
Subway, in addition to other traffic. Mid-Hudson Bridge
Mid-Hudson Bridge
(part of US 44 and NY 55) Minsi Trail Bridge, Bethlehem, PA, carrying Stefko Boulevard over the Lehigh River Newark Bay Bridge
Newark Bay Bridge
(part of I-78) New Hope – Lambertville Toll Bridge
New Hope – Lambertville Toll Bridge
(part of US 202 crossing the Delaware River) Newburgh–Beacon Bridge
Newburgh–Beacon Bridge
(part of I-84 and NY 52) Otisville Tunnel
Otisville Tunnel
(takes the Metro-North Railroad
Metro-North Railroad
Port
Port
Jervis Line through the Shawangunk Ridge
Shawangunk Ridge
in Orange County, New York) Outerbridge Crossing
Outerbridge Crossing
(part of NY 440 and NJ 440) Pearl Harbor Memorial Bridge (part of I-95 and the Connecticut Turnpike) Philip J. Fahy Memorial Bridge, Bethlehem, PA, carrying New Street over the Lehigh River Poughkeepsie Bridge, also known as Walkway over the Hudson, the world's longest pedestrian bridge,[222] connecting Ulster and Dutchess counties in New York Pulaski Skyway
Pulaski Skyway
(part of US 1–9) Queens–Midtown Tunnel
Queens–Midtown Tunnel
(part of I-495) – connects Queens
Queens
and Midtown Manhattan. Scudder Falls Bridge
Scudder Falls Bridge
(part of I-95 crossing the Delaware River) Sikorsky Memorial Bridge
Sikorsky Memorial Bridge
(part of CT 15 Merritt & Wilbur Cross Parkways) Tappan Zee Bridge (part of I-87, I-287, and the New York State Thruway), the longest bridge in New York State; planned to undergo a $4 billion replacement.[228] Thomas Alva Edison Memorial Bridge (part of US 9) Throgs Neck Bridge
Throgs Neck Bridge
(part of I-295) – connects the boroughs of Bronx and Queens
Queens
(at western end of Long Island
Long Island
Sound). Trenton–Morrisville Toll Bridge
Trenton–Morrisville Toll Bridge
(part of US 1) Triborough Bridge
Triborough Bridge
(part of I-278), officially renamed the Robert F. Kennedy (RFK) Bridge, also known as the RFK–Triboro Bridge – connects the three boroughs of Manhattan, Bronx
Bronx
and Queens
Queens
(hence its name). Verrazano-Narrows Bridge
Verrazano-Narrows Bridge
(part of I-278), the longest suspension bridge in the Americas
Americas
and one of the longest in the world – connects the boroughs of Staten Island
Staten Island
and Brooklyn.[223][224] William A. Stickel Memorial Bridge
William A. Stickel Memorial Bridge
(part of I-280) Williamsburg Bridge, carries 2 tracks of the J, M, and Z​ trains of the New York City
New York City
Subway, in addition to other traffic – connects the boroughs of Brooklyn
Brooklyn
and Manhattan
Manhattan
(lower east side).

Commuter bus[edit] New Jersey
New Jersey
Transit, Academy Bus, Coach USA, Spanish Transportation, Trailways of New York, and several other companies operate commuter coaches into the Port
Port
Authority Bus Terminal in Manhattan, and many other bus services in New Jersey. Bus services also operate in other nearby counties in the states of New York and Connecticut, but most terminate at a subway terminal or other rail station. Major airports[edit] Main article: Aviation in the New York metropolitan area

The AirTrain at JFK International Airport
JFK International Airport
in Jamaica, Queens

The three busiest airports in the New York metropolitan area
New York metropolitan area
include John F. Kennedy International Airport, Newark Liberty International Airport, and LaGuardia Airport; 130.5 million travelers used these three airports in 2016, and the metropolitan area's airspace is the busiest in the nation.[13]

Airport IATA code ICAO code County State

John F. Kennedy International Airport JFK KJFK Queens New York

Newark Liberty International Airport EWR KEWR Essex/Union New Jersey

LaGuardia Airport LGA KLGA Queens New York

The following smaller airports are also in the metro area and provide daily commercial service:

Airport IATA code ICAO code County State

Lehigh Valley
Lehigh Valley
International Airport ABE KABE Lehigh Pennsylvania

Long Island
Long Island
MacArthur Airport ISP KISP Suffolk New York

Stewart International Airport SWF KSWF Orange New York

Trenton-Mercer Airport TTN KTTN Mercer New Jersey

Tweed New Haven Regional Airport HVN KHVN New Haven Connecticut

Westchester County
Westchester County
Airport HPN KHPN Westchester New York

Commuter usage[edit] According to the 2010 American Community Survey, 54.3% (5,476,169) of commuters used a car or other private vehicle alone, 7.0% (708,788) used a carpool, 27.0% (2,721,372) used public transportation, 5.5% (558,434) walked to work, 2.0% (200,448) used some other means of transportation such as a bicycle to get to work.[229] Culture and contemporary life[edit]

The Metropolitan Museum of Art, part of Museum Mile in the Carnegie Hill neighborhood of Manhattan's Upper East Side, is one of the largest museums in the world.[230]

Citi Field
Citi Field
in Flushing, Queens
Queens
is the home of the New York Mets.

Yankee Stadium
Yankee Stadium
in the South Bronx
Bronx
is the home of the New York Yankees.

MetLife Stadium, in East Rutherford, New Jersey, home to the New York Giants and New York Jets, is the most expensive stadium ever built,[231] at approximately $1.6 billion.[232]

The New York Knicks, Rangers, and Liberty sports teams play at Madison Square Garden in Midtown Manhattan.

According to Travel + Leisure
Travel + Leisure
magazine's October 2011 survey, Times Square in Midtown Manhattan, iconified as the "Crossroads of the World",[233][234][235][236][237] is the world's most visited tourist attraction, bringing in over 39 million visitors annually.[238]

Main article: New York City
New York City
§ Culture and contemporary life New York City
New York City
has been described as the cultural capital of the world by the diplomatic consulates of Iceland[239] and Latvia[240] and by New York's own Baruch College.[241] A book containing a series of essays titled New York, culture capital of the world, 1940–1965 has also been published as showcased by the National Library of Australia.[242] Tom Wolfe
Tom Wolfe
has quoted regarding New York's culture that "Culture just seems to be in the air, like part of the weather."[243] Although Manhattan
Manhattan
remains the epicenter of cultural life in the metropolitan area, the entire region is replete with prominent cultural institutions, with artistic performances and ethnically oriented events receiving international attention throughout the year. Sports teams[edit] Further information: Sports in New York City New York City
New York City
is home to the headquarters of the National Football League,[244] Major League Baseball,[245] the National Basketball Association,[246] the National Hockey League,[247] and Major League Soccer.[248] Four of the ten most expensive stadiums ever built worldwide (MetLife Stadium, the new Yankee Stadium, Madison Square Garden, and Citi Field) are located in the New York metropolitan area.[231] The New York metropolitan area
New York metropolitan area
has the highest total number of professional sports teams in these five leagues. Listing of the professional sports teams in the New York metropolitan area:

National Basketball Association
National Basketball Association
(NBA)

Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Nets (Brooklyn, New York City, NY) New York Knicks
New York Knicks
(Manhattan, New York City, NY)

Women's National Basketball Association
National Basketball Association
(WNBA)

New York Liberty
New York Liberty
(Manhattan, New York City, NY)

Major League Baseball
Baseball
(MLB)

New York Mets
New York Mets
(Queens, New York City, NY) New York Yankees
New York Yankees
(The Bronx, New York City, NY)

Major League Soccer
Major League Soccer
(MLS)

New York City
New York City
(The Bronx, New York City, NY) New York Red Bulls
New York Red Bulls
(Harrison, NJ)

Minor League Baseball
Baseball
(MiLB)

International League
International League
(AAA)

Lehigh Valley
Lehigh Valley
IronPigs (Phillies) (Allentown, PA)

Eastern League (AA)

Trenton Thunder
Trenton Thunder
(Yankees) (Trenton, NJ)

South Atlantic League
South Atlantic League
(A)

Lakewood Blue Claws
Lakewood Blue Claws
(Phillies) (Lakewood Township, NJ)

New York-Penn League
New York-Penn League
(SS)

Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Cyclones (Mets) (Brooklyn, New York City, NY) Hudson Valley
Hudson Valley
Renegades (Rays) (Fishkill, NY) Staten Island
Staten Island
Yankees (Yankees) (Staten Island, New York City, NY)

Atlantic League of Professional Baseball
Baseball
(ALPB)

Bridgeport Bluefish
Bridgeport Bluefish
(Bridgeport, CT) Long Island
Long Island
Ducks (Central Islip, NY) Somerset Patriots
Somerset Patriots
(Bridgewater Township, NJ)

Canadian American Association of Professional Baseball
Baseball
(CanAm League)

New Jersey
New Jersey
Jackals (Little Falls, NJ) Newark Bears
Newark Bears
(Newark, NJ) Rockland Boulders
Rockland Boulders
(Pomona, NY)

National Football League
National Football League
(NFL)

New York Giants
New York Giants
(East Rutherford, NJ) New York Jets
New York Jets
(East Rutherford, NJ)

National Hockey League
National Hockey League
(NHL)

New Jersey
New Jersey
Devils (Newark, NJ) New York Islanders
New York Islanders
(Brooklyn, New York City, NY) New York Rangers
New York Rangers
(Manhattan, New York City, NY)

American Hockey League
American Hockey League
(AHL)

Bridgeport Sound Tigers
Bridgeport Sound Tigers
(Islanders) (Bridgeport, CT) Lehigh Valley
Lehigh Valley
Phantoms (Flyers) (Allentown, PA)

Professional Indoor Football League (PIFL)

Lehigh Valley
Lehigh Valley
Steelhawks (Allentown, PA) Trenton Freedom
Trenton Freedom
(Trenton, NJ)

Major League Lacrosse
Major League Lacrosse
(outdoor) (MLL)

New York Lizards
New York Lizards
(Hempstead, NY)

College Sports (NCAA Division I)

Army Black Knights
Army Black Knights
(West Point, NY) Columbia University
Columbia University
Lions (Manhattan, New York City, NY) Fairfield University Stags (Fairfield, CT) Fairleigh Dickinson University Knights (Teaneck, NJ) Fordham University
Fordham University
Rams (The Bronx, New York City, NY) Hofstra University
Hofstra University
Pride (Hempstead, NY) Iona College Gaels (New Rochelle, NY) Lafayette College Leopards (Easton, PA) Lehigh University
Lehigh University
Mountain Hawks (Bethlehem, PA) Long Island
Long Island
University Blackbirds (Brooklyn, New York City, NY) Manhattan
Manhattan
College Jaspers and Lady Jaspers (The Bronx, New York City, NY) Marist College Red Foxes (Poughkeepsie, NY) Monmouth University Hawks (West Long Branch, NJ) New Jersey
New Jersey
Institute of Technology Highlanders (Newark, NJ) Princeton University
Princeton University
Tigers (Princeton, NJ) Quinnipiac University Bobcats (Hamden, CT) Rider University Broncs (Lawrenceville, NJ) Rutgers University
Rutgers University
Scarlet Knights (New Brunswick, NJ) Sacred Heart University Pioneers (Fairfield, CT) St. Peter's University Peacocks and Peahens (Jersey City, NJ) St. Francis Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Terriers (Brooklyn, New York City, NY) St. John's University Red Storm (Queens, New York City, NY) Seton Hall University Pirates (South Orange, NJ) Stony Brook University Seawolves (Stony Brook, NY) Wagner College Seahawks (Staten Island, New York City, NY) Yale University
Yale University
Bulldogs (New Haven, CT)

Media[edit] Main article: Media in New York City The New York City
New York City
metropolitan area is home to the headquarters of several well-known media companies, subsidiaries, and publications, including Thomson Reuters, The New York Times
The New York Times
Company, the Associated Press, Time Warner, NBCUniversal, the Hearst Corporation, Viacom, News Corporation, The Wall Street
Wall Street
Journal, Fox News, ABC, CBS, and NBC. Local television channels include WCBS-TV
WCBS-TV
2 (CBS), W NBC
NBC
4 (NBC), WNYW 5 (FOX), WABC-TV
WABC-TV
7 (ABC), WWOR-TV
WWOR-TV
9 (MyNetworkTV), WPIX
WPIX
11 (CW), WNET 13 (PBS), WNYE-TV
WNYE-TV
25 (NYC Media) and WPXN-TV
WPXN-TV
31 (Ion). NY1
NY1
is a 24/7 local news provider available only to cable television subscribers. Radio stations serving the area include: WNYC, WKCR, WFMU, WABC-AM, and WFAN. Many television and radio stations use the top of the Empire State Building to broadcast their terrestrial television signals, while some media entities broadcast from studios in Times Square. The New York metropolitan area
New York metropolitan area
is extensive enough so that its own channels must compete with channels from neighboring television markets (including Philadelphia, Scranton/Wilkes-Barre, and Hartford) within its outlying counties. Cable companies offer such competition in the Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
portion, Connecticut, and a few counties in central New Jersey. Theme parks[edit] In New Jersey[edit]

Skyline of Six Flags Great Adventure
Six Flags Great Adventure
in Jackson Township, Ocean County, New Jersey, the world's largest theme park in 2013.[249] To the far left is Kingda Ka, the world's tallest roller coaster.[250]

Main Park Other Parks Location Year Opened

Six Flags Great Adventure Six Flags Wild Safari, Six Flags Hurricane Harbor Jackson 1974

Land of Make Believe None Hope 1954

Action Park None Vernon 1998

In New York State[edit] Playland, Rye, Westchester County Plans were unveiled by New York City
New York City
Mayor Michael Bloomberg on September 27, 2012 for the New York Wheel, a giant Ferris wheel, to be built at the northern shore of Staten Island, overlooking the Statue of Liberty, New York Harbor, and the Lower Manhattan
Manhattan
skyline.[251] In Pennsylvania[edit] Dorney Park & Wildwater Kingdom, Dorneyville, Lehigh County Although the DP&WWK complex is not planned as a theme park, it is nonetheless one of the largest amusement parks in Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
and draws substantially from Greater NYC since it is just off Interstate 78 in a location just west of Allentown. Area codes[edit] The area is served by at least 29 area codes:

212: Serves Manhattan
Manhattan
and is overlaid with 646 and 917. 718: Serves all other boroughs of New York City
New York City
and is overlaid with 347, 917, and 929. 917: Serves all of New York City. 516: Serves Nassau County. 631: Serves Suffolk County. 914: Serves Westchester County. 845: Serves the Hudson Valley
Hudson Valley
counties of Southern New York State. 570 & 272: Serves Northeastern Pennsylvania. 203 & 475: Serves Southwestern Connecticut, 860 & 959: Serves the rest of Connecticut
Connecticut
not served by 203 or 475. 201: Serves most of Bergen County, as well as parts of Essex, Hudson, and Passaic in Northern New Jersey, and is overlaid with 551. 973: Serves portions of Bergen, Essex, Hudson, Morris, Passaic, Sussex, and portions of Union County in New Jersey, and is overlaid with 862. 908: Serves communities in Union County, Somerset County, northern parts of Middlesex County, Hunterdon County, Warren County, and Morris County as well as some cell phones in Monmouth County in New Jersey. 732: Serves Middlesex County, Somerset County, portions of Union County, and Monmouth and northern Ocean counties in New Jersey; overlaid with 848. 609: Serves Mercer County and parts of Middlesex, Monmouth, and Ocean Counties. 610 & 484: Serve most of the Lehigh Valley
Lehigh Valley
and portions of Carbon and Monroe Counties in Pennsylvania. 215 & 267: Serve the southernmost part of Lehigh County in Pennsylvania.

See also[edit]

Biotech companies in the New York City
New York City
metropolitan region Tech companies in the New York metropolitan area Cities and metropolitan areas of the United States Mass transit
Mass transit
in New York City Regional Plan Association Transportation in New York City

Geography portal North America
North America
portal United States
United States
portal New York portal New Jersey
New Jersey
portal Connecticut
Connecticut
portal Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
portal New York City
New York City
portal

Notes[edit]

^ Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the expected highest and lowest temperature readings at any point during the year or given month) calculated based on data at said location from 1981 to 2010. ^ Official weather observations for Central Park
Central Park
were conducted at the Arsenal at Fifth Avenue
Fifth Avenue
and 64th Street from 1869 to 1919, and at Belvedere Castle
Belvedere Castle
since 1919.[79] ^ Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the highest and lowest temperature readings during an entire month or year) calculated based on data at said location from 1981 to 2010. ^ Official records for Allentown were kept at Allentown Gas Company from March 1922 to December 1943, and at Lehigh Valley
Lehigh Valley
Int'l since January 1944. For more information, see ThreadEx.

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Government Census, Table 1.

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New York metropolitan area

Counties

Bergen Bronx Carbon Dutchess Essex Fairfield Hudson Hunterdon Kings Lehigh Litchfield Mercer Middlesex Monmouth Monroe Morris Nassau New Haven Northampton New York Ocean Orange Passaic Pike Putnam Queens Richmond Rockland Somerset Suffolk Sussex Sullivan Ulster Union Warren Westchester

Major cities

New York City

The Bronx Brooklyn Manhattan Queens Staten Island

Cities and towns over 100,000

Allentown Babylon Bridgeport Brookhaven Edison Elizabeth Hempstead Huntington Islip Jersey City New Haven Newark North Hempstead Oyster Bay Paterson Smithtown Stamford Waterbury Woodbridge Yonkers

Cities and towns over 25,000

Bayonne Bergenfield Bethlehem Branford Cheshire Clifton Danbury East Haven East Orange Easton Englewood Ewing Township Fairfield Fair Lawn Fort Lee Freehold Township Garfield Greenwich Hackensack Hamden Hamilton Township, Mercer County Hoboken Howell Kearny Long Beach Long Branch Lower Macungie Township Mahwah Manalapan Marlboro Meriden Middletown, NJ Middletown, NY Milford Mount Vernon Naugatuck New Brunswick New Milford New Rochelle Newburgh Newtown Norwalk Old Bridge Paramus Passaic Perth Amboy Plainfield Poughkeepsie Rahway Shelton Stratford Teaneck Torrington Trenton Trumbull Union City Wallingford West Haven Westfield Westport White Plains Whitehall Township, PA

Cities and towns over 10,000

Ansonia Asbury Park Beacon Bethel Bethlehem Township, PA Brookfield Coolbaugh Township Darien Derby Dover Dumont East Stroudsburg Edgewater Elmwood Park Emmaus, PA Fairview Franklin Lakes Freehold Borough Glen Rock Guildford Guttenberg Harrison, NJ Harrison, NY Hasbrouck Heights Hazlet Hillsdale Holmdel Kingston Linden Little Ferry Lodi Lyndhurst Madison Monroe Morristown New Canaan New Fairfield New Milford North Arlington North Branford North Haven Northampton, PA Oakland Orange Palisades Park Phillipsburg Plymouth Peekskill Ramsey Red Bank Ridgefield, CT Ridgefield, NJ Ridgefield Park Ridgewood Rutherford Rye Saddle Brook Scarsdale Secaucus Seymour Somerville Southbury Stroud Township Summit Tenafly Upper Macungie Township Wallington Watertown West Milford West New York Weston Westwood Wilton Winchester Wolcott Wyckoff

Regions

Catskills Central Jersey Greater Danbury Greater New Haven Greater Waterbury Housatonic Valley Hudson Valley Lehigh Valley Litchfield Hills Long Island North Jersey Poconos Skylands Region Southwestern Connecticut

v t e

New York City

The Five Boroughs The Bronx
The Bronx
( Bronx
Bronx
County) Brooklyn
Brooklyn
(Kings County): Manhattan
Manhattan
(New York County) Queens
Queens
( Queens
Queens
County) Staten Island
Staten Island
(Richmond County)

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Counties

Albany Allegany Bronx Broome Cattaraugus Cayuga Chautauqua Chemung Chenango Clinton Columbia Cortland Delaware Dutchess Erie Essex Franklin Fulton Genesee Greene Hamilton Herkimer Jefferson Kings Lewis Livingston Madison Monroe Montgomery Nassau New York Niagara Oneida Onondaga Ontario Orange Orleans Oswego Otsego Putnam Queens Rensselaer Richmond Rockland Saint Lawrence Saratoga Schenectady Schoharie Schuyler Seneca Steuben Suffolk Sullivan Tioga Tompkins Ulster Warren Washington Wayne Westchester Wyoming Yates

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Atlantic Coastal Plain Central Jersey Delaware River
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Counties

Atlantic Bergen Burlington Camden Cape May Cumberland Essex Gloucester Hudson Hunterdon Mercer Middlesex Monmouth Morris Ocean Passaic Salem Somerset Sussex Union Warren

Major cities and towns

Atlantic City Bayonne Camden Clifton Edison Elizabeth Hackensack Hoboken Jersey City Newark New Brunswick Ocean City Paterson Perth Amboy Trenton Vineland Woodbridge

v t e

 State of Connecticut

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Hartford
(capital)

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Places

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 Commonwealth of Pennsylvania

Harrisburg (capital)

Topics

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Metro areas

Altoona Baltimore-Washington Erie Harrisburg–Carlisle Johnstown Lancaster Lebanon Lehigh Valley New York Philadelphia Pittsburgh Reading Scranton‑Wilkes-Barre State College Williamsport York-Hanover

Largest cities

Allentown Altoona Bethlehem Butler Chester DuBois Easton Erie Greensburg Harrisburg Hazleton Johnstown Lancaster Lebanon McKeesport New Castle Philadelphia Pittsburgh Pottsville Reading Scranton Sunbury Wilkes-Barre Williamsport York

Largest municipalities

Abington Bensalem Bethel Park Bristol Cheltenham Cranberry Darby Falls Hampden Haverford Hempfield Lower Macungie Lower Makefield Lower Merion Lower Paxton Manheim McCandless Middletown Millcreek Township Monroeville Mount Lebanon Norristown Northampton North Huntingdon Penn Hills Radnor Ridley Ross Shaler Spring State College Tredyffrin Upper Darby Upper Merion Warminster West Chester Whitehall York Township

Regions

Allegheny Mountains Allegheny National Forest Allegheny Plateau Atlantic Coastal Plain Bald Eagle Valley Blue Ridge Central Coal Region Cumberland Valley Delaware Valley Dutch Country Eastern Endless Mountains Great Valley Mahoning Valley Happy Valley Laurel Highlands Lehigh Valley Main Line Moshannon Valley Nittany Valley Northeastern Northern Tier Northwestern North Penn Valley Ohio Valley Oil Region Oley Valley Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
Highlands Penns Valley Philicon Valley Piedmont Pocono Mountains Ridge and Valley Saucon Valley South Central Southeastern Southern Southwestern Susquehanna Valley Western Wyoming Valley

Counties

Adams Allegheny Armstrong Beaver Bedford Berks Blair Bradford Bucks Butler Cambria Cameron Carbon Centre Chester Clarion Clearfield Clinton Columbia Crawford Cumberland Dauphin Delaware Elk Erie Fayette Forest Franklin Fulton Greene Huntingdon Indiana Jefferson Juniata Lackawanna Lancaster Lawrence Lebanon Lehigh Luzerne Lycoming McKean Mercer Mifflin Monroe Montgomery Montour Northampton Northumberland Perry Philadelphia Pike Potter Schuylkill Snyder Somerset Sullivan Susquehanna Tioga Union Venango Warren Washington Wayne Westmoreland Wyoming York

v t e

The 100 most populous primary statistical areas of the United States and Puerto Rico

   

New York Los Angeles Chicago Washington San Francisco Boston Dallas Philadelphia Miami Houston Atlanta Detroit Seattle Phoenix Minneapolis Cleveland Denver San Diego Portland OR Orlando

St. Louis Tampa Pittsburgh San Juan PR Sacramento Charlotte Kansas City Salt Lake City Columbus OH Indianapolis Las Vegas San Antonio Cincinnati Milwaukee Raleigh Nashville Austin Virginia Beach Greensboro Jacksonville

Hartford Louisville New Orleans Grand Rapids Greenville Memphis Oklahoma City Birmingham Richmond Harrisburg Buffalo Rochester Albany Albuquerque Tulsa Fresno Knoxville Dayton El Paso Tucson

Cape Coral Honolulu Chattanooga Omaha North Port Columbia Little Rock McAllen Bakersfield Madison Baton Rouge Modesto Des Moines Syracuse South Bend Boise City Charleston WV Lexington Charleston SC Springfield MA

Huntsville Spokane Wichita Jackson Colorado Springs Youngstown Toledo Portland ME Fort Wayne Lakeland Lafayette Mobile Visalia Reno Augusta Scranton Palm Bay Fayetteville NC Lansing Springfield MO

United States
United States
Census Bureau population estimates for July 1, 2012

v t e

The 100 most populous metropolitan statistical areas of the United States of America

   

New York, NY Los Angeles, CA Chicago, IL Dallas, TX Houston, TX Washington, DC Philadelphia, PA Miami, FL Atlanta, GA Boston, MA San Francisco, CA Phoenix, AZ Riverside-San Bernardino, CA Detroit, MI Seattle, WA Minneapolis, MN San Diego, CA Tampa, FL Denver, CO St. Louis, MO

Baltimore, MD Charlotte, NC San Juan, PR Orlando, FL San Antonio, TX Portland, OR Pittsburgh, PA Sacramento, CA Cincinnati, OH Las Vegas, NV Kansas City, MO Austin, TX Columbus, OH Cleveland, OH Indianapolis, IN San Jose, CA Nashville, TN Virginia Beach, VA Providence, RI Milwaukee, WI

Jacksonville, FL Memphis, TN Oklahoma City, OK Louisville, KY Richmond, VA New Orleans, LA Hartford, CT Raleigh, NC Birmingham, AL Buffalo, NY Salt Lake City, UT Rochester, NY Grand Rapids, MI Tucson, AZ Honolulu, HI Tulsa, OK Fresno, CA Bridgeport, CT Worcester, MA Albuquerque, NM

Omaha, NE Albany, NY New Haven, CT Bakersfield, CA Knoxville, TN Greenville, SC Oxnard, CA El Paso, TX Allentown, PA Baton Rouge, LA McAllen, TX Dayton, OH Columbia, SC Greensboro, NC Sarasota, FL Little Rock, AR Stockton, CA Akron, OH Charleston, SC Colorado Springs, CO

Syracuse, NY Winston-Salem, NC Cape Coral, FL Boise, ID Wichita, KS Springfield, MA Madison, WI Lakeland, FL Ogden, UT Toledo, OH Deltona, FL Des Moines, IA Jackson, MS Augusta, GA Scranton, PA Youngstown, OH Harrisburg, PA Provo, UT Palm Bay, FL Chattanooga, TN

United States
United States
Census Bureau population estimates for July 1, 2012

v t e

World's twenty most populous metropolitan areas

   

1 Tokyo-Yokohama 2 Shanghai 3 Jakarta 4 Delhi 5 Seoul-Incheon

  6 Karachi   7 Guangzhou   8 Beijing   9 Shenzhen   7 Mexico
Mexico
City

11 São Paulo 12 Lagos 13 Mumbai 14 Cairo 15 New York

16 Osaka 17 Moscow 18 Wuhan 19 Chengdu 20 Dhaka

v t e

Northeast megalopolis

Major metropolitan areas (over 1,000,000)

New York

city

Philadelphia

city

Washington

city

Boston

city

Baltimore

city

Providence

city

Hartford

city

Other cities (over 100,000)

Newark Jersey City Yonkers Worcester Springfield Alexandria Paterson Bridgeport Elizabeth New Haven Stamford Allentown Manchester Waterbury Cambridge Lowell

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 315526

.