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In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
(also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day
Saint Sylvester's Day
in many countries), the last day of the year, is on December 31 which is the seventh day of Christmastide. In many countries, New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
is celebrated at evening social gatherings, where many people dance, eat, drink alcoholic beverages, and watch or light fireworks to mark the new year. Some Christians attend a watchnight service. The celebrations generally go on past midnight into New Year's Day, January 1. Samoa, Tonga
Tonga
and Kiritimati
Kiritimati
( Christmas
Christmas
Island), part of Kiribati, are the first places to welcome the New Year
New Year
while American Samoa
Samoa
and Baker Island
Baker Island
in the United States
United States
of America are among the last.[1]

Contents

1 Africa

1.1 Algeria 1.2 Egypt 1.3 Ghana 1.4 Morocco 1.5 Nigeria 1.6 South Sudan

2 Americas

2.1 Argentina 2.2 Brazil 2.3 Canada 2.4 Chile 2.5 Colombia 2.6 Costa Rica 2.7 El Salvador 2.8 Ecuador 2.9 Guatemala 2.10 Mexico 2.11 Puerto Rico 2.12 Suriname 2.13 Trinidad 2.14 United States

2.14.1 Religious observances

2.15 Venezuela

3 Asia

3.1 Bangladesh 3.2 China

3.2.1 Hong Kong

3.3 Central Asia 3.4 India 3.5 Indonesia 3.6 Japan 3.7 Korea 3.8 Malaysia 3.9 Mongolia 3.10 Pakistan 3.11 Philippines 3.12 Singapore 3.13 Taiwan 3.14 Thailand

4 Europe

4.1 Albania 4.2 Austria 4.3 Belgium 4.4 Bosnia
Bosnia
and Herzegovina 4.5 Czech Republic
Czech Republic
and Slovakia 4.6 Denmark 4.7 Estonia 4.8 Finland 4.9 France 4.10 Germany 4.11 Greece 4.12 Hungary 4.13 Iceland 4.14 Ireland 4.15 Italy 4.16 Macedonia 4.17 Malta 4.18 Montenegro 4.19 Netherlands 4.20 Norway 4.21 Poland 4.22 Portugal 4.23 Romania 4.24 Russia 4.25 Serbia 4.26 Slovenia 4.27 Spain 4.28 Sweden 4.29 Switzerland 4.30 Ukraine 4.31 United Kingdom

4.31.1 England 4.31.2 Scotland 4.31.3 Wales

5 Middle East

5.1 Israel 5.2 Lebanon
Lebanon
and Syria 5.3 Saudi Arabia 5.4 United Arab Emirates 5.5 Turkey

6 Oceania

6.1 Australia 6.2 Kiribati 6.3 New Zealand 6.4 Samoa

7 Music 8 See also 9 References 10 External links

Africa[edit]

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Algeria[edit] In Algeria, New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
(French: Réveillon; Arabic: Ra’s al-‘Ām‎) is usually celebrated with family and friends. In the largest cities, such as Algiers, Constantine, Annaba, Oran, Sétif
Sétif
and Béjaïa, there are large celebrations which may feature concerts, late-night partiying, firecrackers, fireworks at midnight and sparklers and shouts of "Bonne année !". The Martyrs' Memorial and the Grand-Post Place in Algiers
Algiers
are the main attraction for the majority of Algerians
Algerians
during the celebration; while some others prefer spending this special night outside the country, generally in Tunis
Tunis
or Paris. At 8pm (AST), the President's message of greetings to Algerians
Algerians
is read on TV. EPTV network airs a yearly New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
entertainment show, variying its name, hosts and guests, which features sketches and musical performances. Popular films are also broadcast. At home or at restaurants, a special type of pastry cake, called "la bûche" is eaten, and black coffee or soda is drunk with it, few minutes before the New Year's countdown. On New Year's Day
New Year's Day
(le jour de l'an), people, especially children, write their "New Year's letter" on decorated paper, called "Carte de bonne année", to their parents and relatives, featuring their resolutions and wishes. Egypt[edit] In Egypt the new year is celebrated with fireworks, fire crackers, smashing glass bottles or breaking things on the street also. Ghana[edit] In Ghana, many people celebrate New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
by going to Church; others go to nightclubs, pubs, or take to the street to celebrate. At midnight, fireworks are displayed across various cities of Ghana, especially in Accra
Accra
and Tema. Morocco[edit]

Casablanca
Casablanca
fireworks display.

In Morocco, New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
(Arabic: رأس العام—Rass l'aam—"head of the year"‎) is celebrated in the company of family and friends. People get together to eat cake, dance, and laugh. Traditionally, people celebrate it at home, but some prefer to go to nightclubs. At midnight, fireworks are displayed across Ain Diab, in the corniche of Casablanca. Nigeria[edit]

HKN's Davido
Davido
entertaining the crowd at the Lagos Countdown 2012 in Nigeria

In Nigeria, the New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
is often celebrated by going to Church; others go to nightclubs, and parties organised by individuals, communities or State government like the Lagos Countdown. The Lagos Countdown
Countdown
is an event in Nigeria, created to increase tourism and making Lagos a premium destination for business and leisure. The event kicks off in December and lasts till 1 January. It is attended by an average of 100,000 people. The event takes place at the Eko Atlantic city, beside the Barbeach attracting thousands of domestic and foreign tourists who are entertained every evening by different artists... South Sudan[edit] In South Sudan, people attend church services at many churches in Juba. The service begins at 9PM. At the stroke of midnight, people sing the famous carol, Hark! The Herald Angels Sing
Hark! The Herald Angels Sing
to mark the end and beginning of the year with a blessing. The service ends at 12:30AM. Americas[edit] Argentina[edit]

The burning of dolls is a local tradition in the city of La Plata.

Traditional celebrations in Argentina
Argentina
include a family dinner of traditional dishes, including vitel tonné, asado, sandwiches de miga, piononos. Like dessert: turrón, mantecol and pan dulce.[2] Just before midnight, people flock to the streets to enjoy fireworks and light firecrackers. The fireworks can be seen in any terrace. The first day of the New Year
New Year
is celebrated at midnight with cider or champagne. People wish each other a happy New Year, and sometimes share a toast with neighbours. Parties often continue until dawn. The celebration is during the summer, like in many South American countries, so it's normal to see many families in the New Year
New Year
at tourist centers of the Argentine Atlantic coast (Mar del Plata, Necochea, Villa Gesell, Miramar, etc.).[3] Brazil[edit]

The beach at Copacabana in Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro
hosts millions of revelers.

The New Year
New Year
(Portuguese: Ano Novo), is one of Brazil's main holidays. It officially marks the beginning of the summer holidays, which last until Carnival. Brazilians traditionally have a copious meal with family or friends at home, in restaurants or private clubs, and consume alcoholic beverages. Champagne is traditionally drunk. Those spending New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
at the beach usually dress in white, to bring good luck into the new year. Fireworks
Fireworks
and eating grapes or lentils are customs associated with the holiday. The beach at Copacabana in Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro
is ranked among the top 10 New Year
New Year
Fireworks
Fireworks
display. The combination of live concerts, a spectacular fireworks display and millions of revelers combine to make the Copacabana's New Year's party one of the best in the world. In addition, the celebrations are broadcast on TV, the most famous being the Adues A Tudo Isso on Rede Globo. In other regions, different events also take place. The most famous are on the edge of coastal cities, such as Copacabana. In the Northeast, in Fortaleza, the party is in Iracema Beach, and in Salvador, the change of year happens in a great music festival. In the South, the most famous festivities on the coast take place in Santa Catarina: on the Beira-mar Norte Avenue, in Florianópolis, and in the Central Beach of Balneário Camboriú. Other celebrations that stand out even from the sea are those of Manaus, in the northern state of Amazonas, and the Paulista Avenue, in São Paulo, the largest city in the country, and Ministries Esplanade, in the capital Brasília. The party attracts more than one million people. It features fireworks and live music shows.[4][5][6][7][8][9][10] The city of São Paulo
São Paulo
hosts the Saint Silvester
Silvester
Marathon (Corrida de São Silvestre) which traverses streets between Paulista Avenue
Paulista Avenue
and the downtown area.[11] Canada[edit] New Year
New Year
traditions and celebrations in Canada
Canada
vary regionally. New Year's Eve (also called New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
Day or Veille du Jour de l'An in French) is generally a social holiday. In many cities, such as Toronto, Ottawa
Ottawa
and Niagara Falls in Ontario, Edmonton
Edmonton
and Calgary
Calgary
in Alberta, Vancouver, British Columbia
British Columbia
and Montreal, Quebec, there are large celebrations which may feature concerts, late-night partying, sporting events, and fireworks, with free public transit service during peak party times in most major cities. In some areas, such as in rural Quebec, people ice fish in the old days. Since 2000, the highlight of New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
celebrations is in Montreal's old port, which comes alive with concerts that take place and fireworks at midnight.[12] From 1956 to 1976, Guy Lombardo
Guy Lombardo
and his Royal Canadians serenaded Canada
Canada
on the CBC, via a feed from CBS, from the ballroom of the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel on Park Avenue in New York City. After Lombardo's death in 1977, the Royal Canadians continued on CBC and CBS until 1978. In 1992, the sketch comedy troupe Royal Canadian Air Farce began airing its annual Year of the Farce special on CBC Television, which features sketches lampooning the major events and news stories of the year. While the original 1992 edition was a one-off special, Year of the Farce episodes continued as a regular feature of the Air Farce television series which ran from 1993 to 2008—airing its series finale on 31 December 2008. Following the finale of the television series, the original cast continued to participate in New Year's Eve specials in the years following.[13][14] Similarly, the CBC's French language
French language
network Ici Radio- Canada
Canada
Télé airs its own yearly New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
comedy special, Bye Bye. Unlike Year of the Farce, Bye Bye has been presented by various comedians; originally running from 1968 to 1998, it was revived in 2006 by the Québécois troupe Rock et Belles Oreilles. Its 2008 edition, hosted and co-produced by Québécois television personality Véronique Cloutier, became infamous for several sketches that many viewers perceived as offensive, including sketches making fun of English Canadians and then American president-elect Barack Obama.[15] Chile[edit]

Over one million visitors crowd the streets and beaches of Valparaiso each New Year's Eve.

New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
is celebrated in Chile
Chile
by the observation of traditional rituals, such as wearing yellow underwear and yellow clothing. It is said to restore vitality to your life. People who want to travel walk the streets with a suitcase in hand, others hold money in their hand or place coins at their door for good fortune in the new year. Celebrations include a family dinner with special dishes, usually lentils for good luck, and twelve grapes to symbolize wishes for each month of the coming year.[16] Family celebrations usually last until midnight, then some continue partying with friends until dawn. In Chile's capital Santiago, thousands of people gather at the Entel Tower
Entel Tower
to watch the countdown to midnight and a fireworks display. There are several fireworks shows across the country. Over one million spectators attend the most popular, the "Año Nuevo en el Mar", in Valparaiso.[17] Since 2000, the sale of fireworks to individuals has been illegal,[18] meaning fireworks can now only be observed at major displays. Many people also travel to Easter
Easter
Island, off Chile's coast, to welcome the New Year. Colombia[edit] In Colombia
Colombia
it is a traditional celebration. There are many traditions across the country. Included among these traditions are: a family dinner with special dishes, fireworks, popular music, wearing special or new clothes, eating empanadas and different parties. With each stroke of the clock until midnight, the families eat grapes. Costa Rica[edit] In Costa Rica, families usually gather around 8 pm for parties that last until 1 or 2 am, the next day. There are several traditions among Costa Rican families, including eating 12 grapes representing 12 wishes for the new year, and running across the street with luggage to bring new trips and adventures in the upcoming year. El Salvador[edit] In El Salvador, New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
is spent with families. Family parties start around 5:00 pm, and last until 1:00 to 3:00 am, the following day. Families eat dinner together and sing traditional New Year's Eve songs, such as "Cinco para las Doce". After the dinner, individuals light fireworks and continue partying outside. A radio station broadcasts a countdown to midnight. When the clock strikes midnight, fireworks are lit across the country. People start exchanging hugs and wishes for the new year. Ecuador[edit] A New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
tradition in Ecuador
Ecuador
is for men to dress haphazardly in drag (clowny looking make-up, cheap colorful wigs, very hairy legs in miniskirts) for New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
representing the "widow" of the year that has passed. The "widows" then go to the streets and stop each car that passes on that particular street in order to parody some form of sexy dancing. Large crowds would gather around to watch and laugh at the entertainment and the drivers are forced to give the "widows" some coins in order to obtain passage through the street. There are also traditional family events and meals and modern celebrations such as hosting parties and going to nightclubs. People usually eat grapes and drink Champagne with close family members and friends. The main event takes place at midnight where fireworks are lit along with thousands of life-size effigies called "Año Viejo". Most every local family creates the effigy from paper scraps, old clothes or purchases it altogether. They place just outside the front of their home. The effigy represents things you disliked from the previous year and are made to look like famous celebrities, politicians, public servants, cartoons, etc. They are burnt right at midnight to shed the old year and represent a new beginning. Some of the braver Ecuadorians jump through these burning effigies 12 times to represent a wish for every month. Guatemala[edit] In Guatemala, banks close on New Year's Eve, and businesses close at noon.[19] In the town of Antigua, people usually gather at the Santa Catalina Clock Arch to celebrate New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
(Spanish: Fin del Año). In Guatemala
Guatemala
City the celebrations are centered on Plaza Mayor. Firecrackers are lit starting at sundown, continuing without interruption into the night. Guatemalans wear new clothes for good fortune and eat a grape with each of the twelve chimes of the bell during the New Year
New Year
countdown, while making a wish with each one. The celebrations include religious themes which may be either Mayan or Catholic.[20] Catholic
Catholic
celebrations are similar to those at Christmas. Gifts are left under the tree on Christmas
Christmas
morning by the Christ Child for the children, but parents and adults do not exchange gifts until New Year's Day.[21] Mexico[edit] Mexicans celebrate New Year's Eve, (Spanish: Vispera de Año Nuevo) by eating a grape with each of the twelve chimes of a clock's bell during the midnight countdown, while making a wish with each one. Mexican families decorate homes and parties in colors that represent wishes for the upcoming year: red encourages an overall improvement of lifestyle and love, yellow encourages blessings of improved employment conditions, green for improved financial circumstances, and white for improved health. Mexican sweet bread is baked with a coin or charm hidden in the dough. When the bread is served, the recipient of the slice with the coin or charm is said to be blessed with good luck in the New Year. Another tradition is to make a list of all the bad or unhappy events over the past 12 months; before midnight, this list is thrown into a fire, symbolizing the removal of negative energy from the new year.[22] At the same time, they are expressed for all the good things during the year that is ending so that they will continue in the new year.[23] Mexicans celebrate with a late-night dinner with their families, the traditional meal being turkey or pork loin. Afterwards many people attend parties outside the home, for example, in night clubs. In Mexico City
Mexico City
there is a street festival on New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
centered on the Zocalo, the city's main square.[24] Celebrations include firecrackers, fireworks and sparklers and shouts of "¡Feliz Año Nuevo!" Puerto Rico[edit] In Puerto Rico, New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
is celebrated with friends and family. The Puerto Rico Convention Center
Puerto Rico Convention Center
in San Juan is the main attraction for Puerto Ricans during the celebration. It has Latin music and fireworks at midnight along with the signature song "Auld Lang Syne" in Spanish. Suriname[edit] During New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
in Suriname, the Surinamese population goes into cities' commercial districts to watch fireworks shows. This is a spectacle based on the famous red-firecracker-ribbons. The bigger stores invest in these firecrackers and display them in the streets. Every year the length of them is compared, and high praises are held for the company that has managed to import the largest ribbon. These celebrations start at 10 am and finish the next day. The day is usually filled with laughter, dance, music, and drinking. When the night starts, the big street parties are already at full capacity. The most popular fiesta is the one that is held at café 't Vat in the main tourist district. The parties there stop between 10 and 11 pm after which the people go home to light their pagaras (red-firecracker-ribbons) at midnight. After midnight, the parties continue and the streets fill again until daybreak. Trinidad[edit] In Port of Spain
Port of Spain
the tradition is to celebrate in one's yard with friends, family and neighbors, and eat and drink till sunrise. At midnight the city becomes festive with fireworks in every direction. The celebration only starts at midnight. Music is heard from all the houses and bars, nightclubs, street parties, Soca raves. The people are celebrating not only the new year but the beginning of the carnival season as well. United States[edit]

Fanciful sketch by reporter and artist Marguerite Martyn
Marguerite Martyn
of a New Year's Eve celebration, from the St. Louis Post-Dispatch of January 4, 1914

The ball drop in New York City's Times Square
Times Square
attracts an average of a million spectators yearly. This one was from 2012.

In the United States, New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
is celebrated with formal parties and concerts, family-oriented activities, and large public events such as firework shows and "drops". The most prominent celebration in the country is the "ball drop" held in New York City's Times Square. Inspired by the time balls that were formerly used as a time signal, at 11:59 p.m. ET, an 11,875-pound (5,386 kg), 12-foot-diameter (3.7 m) ball covered in panels made of Waterford crystal, is lowered down a 70 feet (21 m) high pole on the roof of One Times Square, reaching the roof of the building 60 seconds later at midnight. The event has been held since 1907, and has seen an average attendance of 1,000,000 yearly.[25] The popularity of the spectacle has inspired similar events outside of New York City, where objects that represent a region's culture, geography, or history are raised or lowered in a similar fashion—such as Atlanta's Peach Drop, representing Georgia's identity as the "Peach State", and Brasstown, North Carolina's lowering of a live opossum in a glass enclosure (an event which has historically attracted criticism from animal rights groups).[26][27] Radio and television broadcasts of festivities from New York City helped to ingrain them in American pop culture; beginning on the radio in 1928, and on CBS
CBS
television from 1956 to 1976 with ball drop coverage, Guy Lombardo
Guy Lombardo
and his band, The Royal Canadians, presented an annual New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
broadcast from the ballroom of New York's Waldorf-Astoria Hotel. The specials were best known for the Royal Canadians' signature performance of "Auld Lang Syne" at midnight, which made the standard synonymous with the holiday.[28][29] Following Lombardo's death in 1977, the competing program New Year's Rockin' Eve (which premiered for 1973 on NBC before moving to its current home, ABC, for 1975), succeeded the Royal Canadians as the most-watched New Year's Eve special on U.S. television. Its creator and host, Dick Clark, intended the program to be a modern and youthful alternative to Lombardo's big band music, by showcasing performances by popular musicians as part of the broadcast. Including ABC's special coverage of the year 2000, Clark would host New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
coverage on ABC for 33 straight years. After suffering a stroke in December 2004 (resulting in Regis Philbin
Regis Philbin
guest hosting for 2005), Clark retired as full-time host of the special for the 2006 edition, and was succeeded by Ryan Seacrest. Clark continued to make limited appearances on the special until his death in 2012.[30][31][32][33][34] Other notable celebrations include those on the Las Vegas Strip, where streets are closed to vehicle traffic on the evening of New Year's Eve, and a fireworks show is held at midnight which spans across multiple buildings on the Strip.[35] Los Angeles, a city long without a major public New Year
New Year
celebration, held an inaugural gathering in Downtown's newly completed Grand Park
Grand Park
to celebrate the beginning of 2014. The event included food trucks, art installations, and culminating with a projection mapping show on the side of Los Angeles City Hall near midnight. The inaugural event drew over 25,000 spectators and participants.[36] For 2016, Chicago introduced an event known as Chi-Town Rising,[37] which ended in the year 2018. Alongside the festivities in Times Square, New York's Central Park
Central Park
hosts a "Midnight Run" event organized by the New York Road Runners, which culminates in a fireworks show and a race around the park that begins at midnight.[35] Major theme parks may also hold New Year's celebrations; Disney theme parks, such as Walt Disney World Resort
Walt Disney World Resort
in Florida
Florida
and Disneyland
Disneyland
in Anaheim, California, are traditionally the busiest during the days up to and including New Year's Eve.[35][38][39] Religious observances[edit] In the Roman Catholic
Catholic
Church, 1 January is a solemnity honoring the Blessed Virgin Mary, the Mother of Jesus; it is a Holy Day of Obligation in most countries ( Australia
Australia
being a notable exception), thus the Church requires the attendance of all Catholics in such countries for Mass that day. However a vigil Mass may be held on the evening before a Holy Day; thus it has become customary to celebrate Mass on the evening of New Year's Eve. ( New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
is a feast day honoring Pope Sylvester I
Pope Sylvester I
in the Roman Catholic
Catholic
calendar, but it is not widely recognized in the United States.) Many Christian
Christian
congregations have New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
watchnight services. Some, especially Lutherans and Methodists and those in the African American community, have a tradition known as "Watch Night", in which the faithful congregate in services continuing past midnight, giving thanks for the blessings of the outgoing year and praying for divine favor during the upcoming year. In the English-speaking world, Watch Night can be traced back to John Wesley, the founder of Methodism,[40] who learned the custom from the Moravian Brethren
Moravian Brethren
who came to England in the 1730s. Moravian congregations still observe the Watch Night service on New Year's Eve. Watch Night took on special significance to African Americans on New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
1862, as slaves anticipated the arrival of 1 January 1863, when Lincoln had announced he would sign the Emancipation Proclamation.[41] Venezuela[edit] Radio specials give a countdown and announce the New Year. In Caracas, the bells of the Cathedral of Caracas
Caracas
ring twelve times.[42] During these special programs, is a tradition to broadcast songs about the end of the year. It is a non-working holiday. Popular songs include "Viejo año" ("Old year"), by Gaita group Maracaibo 15, and "Cinco pa' las 12" ("Five minutes before twelve"), which was versioned by several popular singers including Nestor Zavarce, Nancy Ramos and José Luis Rodríguez El Puma. The unofficial hymn for the first minutes of the New Year
New Year
is "Año Nuevo, Vida Nueva" ("New Year, New Life"), by the band Billo's Caracas
Caracas
Boys. Many people play the national anthem in their houses. Traditions include wearing yellow underwear, eating Pan de jamón, and 12 grapes with sparkling wine. Special
Special
holiday programs are broadcast on Venezuelan television stations including Venevision. Asia[edit] Bangladesh[edit] The New Year
New Year
celebrations take place in all around the country mostly in Dhaka, Chittagong, Sylhet, Rajshahi, Khulna, Barishal, Cox's Bazar etc. The celebrations mostly take place at night. On this day, people go to the parties at club or hotels, beaches, at the crowdy roadsides and bridges where firecrackers are blast out in the sky at night. The roadsides and bridges are also lighted up by colourful lights at night. People do a get-together as well as enjoy with their families. That day, Cox's Bazar
Cox's Bazar
becomes a popular tourist destination for both Bangladeshi
Bangladeshi
and foreign tourists. Music, songs and dances are organized in the auditoriums, hotels, beaches and as well as in the grounds which are shown live concert on T.V where many Dhallywood celebrities along with many personalities participate in the dance, music, songs and often drama to liven up the concert more. Sometimes often marriages and weddings take place in the clubs at night of 31 December so that the people can enjoy more.[43] People also enjoy the New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
with their families, relatives and friends in the ships and yachts specially in the sea while going to Saint Martin where DJs liven up their night through their music and songs.[44] The Muslims
Muslims
during the year's last Jumma prayer of mosque permanently pray a Munajat(which is done all over the mosques of the country) so that Allah
Allah
may bless them and the coming year can be fruitful.[45] Hindus
Hindus
organize a Puja so that the coming year can be fruitful for them. The Christians go to the churches for a watch night service till midnight, praying for blessing in the coming new year as it is also part of the Christmastide
Christmastide
season observances. China[edit] In China, although the celebrations of the Lunar New Year
New Year
are not until a few weeks after the Gregorian New Year, celebrations of the Gregorian New Year
New Year
are held in some areas, particularly in major cities. For example, celebrations with fireworks and rock concerts have taken place in Beijing's Solana Blue Harbor Shopping Park, while cultural shows and other events are held at the city's Millennium Monument, Temple of Heaven, Great Wall of China, Olympic Green, and the Summer Palace. Since 2011, a light and sound show has been held at The Bund in Shanghai, a few minutes before midnight. Hong Kong[edit] Main article: Hong Kong
Hong Kong
New Year
New Year
Countdown
Countdown
Celebrations

Fireworks
Fireworks
display in Hong Kong.

In Hong Kong, many gather in shopping districts like Central, Causeway Bay and Tsim Sha Tsui. Beginning in 2008, a 60-second numerical countdown to New Year's, consisting of LED
LED
lights and pyrotechnic display effects, on the facade of Two International Finance Centre
Two International Finance Centre
was launched, followed by a firework display, alongside an exhibition of the Symphony of Lights. For the arrival of 2013, the Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre initiated the countdown, while the fireworks display and A Symphony of Lights
A Symphony of Lights
show were extended to eight minutes. Shopping malls are often major celebration venues. The Times Square shopping mall, for instance, holds their own celebration of the ball drop held at Times Square, New York City. There are also various district-wide celebrations. Central Asia[edit] In Central Asia, New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
celebrations were inherited from Soviet traditions; thus they are similar to those of Russia. An example of such traditions would be the playing of the national anthem at midnight and the presidential address before it. India[edit] Most celebrations take place in the major metropolitan cities like Kochi, Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Chandigarh, Hyderabad, Bangalore, Pune, Ahmedabad. New Year
New Year
is also celebrated in other cities and towns around the country like Agra, Bhubaneswar, Cuttack, Vadodara, etc., There are lots of shows, events, awards and parties organized all over India. Big and small celebrities and personalities perform as well as enjoy in these parties. Many Discos and Pubs organize big singers, DJs or local talent to liven up the night with their music and songs. Goa
Goa
and Kerala
Kerala
are the most visited destination during New Year's celebration both by Indian and foreign tourists. Major events like live concerts and dances by Bollywood
Bollywood
stars are also organized and attended mostly by youngsters. More often people like to celebrate the New Year
New Year
Eve with their family. Hotels and resorts are also decked up in anticipation of tourist arrival and intense competition makes them entice the tourists with exciting New Year offers. Many people across the country also follow old traditions. The Hindu
Hindu
community organize Pujas for a fruitful year ahead and the Christian
Christian
community often go to church for a watch night service till midnight praying for blessing in the coming new year. Indonesia[edit] New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
celebrations in Medan
Medan
(capital of North Sumatra) first Dunia Terbalik New Year
New Year
Countdown
Countdown
Celebrations fireworks in Indonesia was part of the Fiesta Black Tea, named " Medan
Medan
Pelita Harapan University down eve countdown." Apart from the Lippo Plaza Medan, the tallest building in Lippo Malls at the time on both sides of the CIMB Niaga Plaza. The event, which celebrated the arrival of 2018, attracted 400,000 spectators along both sides of the CIMB Niaga. The countdown was televised live coverage in Indonesia
Indonesia
via digital high-definition on satellite transmission aired on RCTI
RCTI
HD's Dunia Terbalik and main sponsor by Fiesta Black Tea inviting various national performances such as Dunia Terbalik All Star along with Dunia Terbalik, reaching more than 1.9 million television audiences. Over 200 local and overseas media covered the spectacular that generated publicity value of more than RP1000 million was six officially opening ceremony to grand opening by Father of Albert Effendy Darmawan Effendy, Medan
Medan
Pelita Harapan University Angelia Chairiana, Medan Pelita Harapan University Viona Valencia, President of the Republic of Indonesia
Indonesia
Joko Widodo, CEO of MNC Group Hary Tanoesoedibjo and Governor of Jakarta
Governor of Jakarta
Anies Baswedan
Anies Baswedan
in time for regional celebrated its first years of anniversary alongside fireworks, Mayor Dzulmi Eldin
Dzulmi Eldin
lit an "eternal flame". Japan[edit] Main article: Ōmisoka

Tokyo
Tokyo
Tower on New Year's Eve, 2012

In Japan, New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
is used to prepare for and welcome Toshigami (年神), the New Year's god. People clean their home and prepare Kadomatsu
Kadomatsu
or Shimenawa
Shimenawa
to welcome the god before New Year's Eve. Buddhist temples ring their bells 108 times[46] at midnight in the tradition Joya no Kane (除夜の鐘). The rings represent the 108 elements of bonō (煩悩), mental states that lead people to take unwholesome actions. In most cities and urban areas across Japan, New Year's Eve celebrations are usually accompanied by concerts, countdowns, fireworks and other events. In Tokyo, the two most crowded celebrations are held at the Shibuya crossing in Shibuya and the Zojoji Temple in Minato. People gather around the Zojoji Temple to release helium balloons with New Year's wishes up in the sky and watch the lighting of Tokyo
Tokyo
Tower and Tokyo
Tokyo
Skytree with a year number displayed on the observatory at the stroke of midnight. Three notable music-oriented television specials air near New Year's Eve. Since 1951, NHK
NHK
has traditionally broadcast Kōhaku Uta Gassen (Red and White Song Battle) on New Year's Eve, a music competition where two teams of popular musicians (the red and white teams, which predominantly contain female and male performers respectively) perform songs, with the winning team determined by a panel of judges and viewer votes. The special is traditionally one of the most-watched television programs of the year in Japan. Although it did air on 31 December from 1959 to 2006, the Japan
Japan
Record Awards ceremony, recognizing outstanding achievements in the Japanese music industry, is held annually on 30 December and is broadcast by TBS. Since 1996, artists from Johnny & Associates perform a special concert titled Johnny's Countdown
Countdown
at the Tokyo
Tokyo
Dome and is broadcast live by Fuji TV every 31 December. Korea[edit] There are two New Years celebrated in both North Korea
North Korea
and South Korea, which are Lunar New Year
New Year
and Solar New Year. The Solar New Year are always celebrated on the first day of January while Lunar New Year varies. Sometimes there are some traits that both North and South Korea celebrate, while some traits are celebrated differently or only on one side. In both Koreas, they call New Year's Day
New Year's Day
설날 (Seoll-Nal). They eat a special soup called 떡국 (Tteok-Guk) which is a hot soup with thin, flat rice cakes and most of the times, eggs are inserted. The Koreans believe that one would get to earn one age if you eat the soup on New Year's Day. They say if one dares to not eat the soup on New Year's Day, then he or she will lose luck. Most cities and urban areas in both Koreas host New Year's Eve gatherings. In South Korea, two of the biggest celebrations take place in Seoul: the ringing of Bosingak
Bosingak
bell 33 times at midnight and fireworks display at Myeong-dong, and an LED
LED
laser light show and fireworks display at the Lotte World Tower
Lotte World Tower
in Songpa-gu. In Pyongyang, North Korea, the chimes of the clock at the Grand People's Study House and fireworks display along Kim Il-sung
Kim Il-sung
Square, Juche Tower
Juche Tower
and the surrounding areas signal the start of the New Year. The celebration in Pyongyang, however, also marks the beginning of the North Korean calendar or the Juche Year, which is based on 15 April 1912, Kim Il-sung's date of birth. Malaysia[edit]

Fireworks
Fireworks
in George Town, Penang
George Town, Penang
on 1 January 2018

Fireworks
Fireworks
in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Ambang Tahun Baru, a celebration sponsored by the government was held at Merdeka Square, the field opposite the Sultan Abdul Samad Building in the Malaysian capital of Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur
in the early days. The event was broadcast live on government as well as private TV stations at those times. Fireworks
Fireworks
are displayed at the Petronas Towers. There are New Year
New Year
countdown parties in major cities such as George Town, Shah Alam
Shah Alam
and Kuching, typically organised by the private sector in these cities.[47][48] Mongolia[edit] Mongolians began celebrating the Gregorian New Year
New Year
in the Socialist period, with influence from the former Soviet Union. As a modern tradition, New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
as well as New Year's Day
New Year's Day
are public holidays, and are two of the biggest holidays of the year. They celebrate New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
with their family. It is common, just like in the former Soviet Union, that the National Anthem of Mongolia
National Anthem of Mongolia
is to be played at the midnight hour on television. Pakistan[edit] New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
is usually celebrated with fireworks in big cities (e.g. Lahore, Karachi
Karachi
and Islamabad). Musical nights and concerts are also held.[citation needed] Many Pakistani youngsters enjoy the type of celebrations held the world over. The elite and educated classes participate in night-long activities in urban and cosmopolitan cities like Karachi, Lahore, and the capital of Islamabad.[citation needed] Families enjoy a traditional dish called Biryani.[49] Philippines[edit] In the Philippines, New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
(Bisperas ng Bagong Taon) is a special non-working holiday. Filipinos usually celebrate New Year's Eve in the company of family or close friends. Traditionally, most households host or attend a midnight feast called the Media Noche. Typical dishes included holiday fare, pancit (for long life) and hamón. Lechon
Lechon
(roasted pig), is usually prepared, as is barbecued food. Some refrain from serving chicken, as their scratching and pecking for food is unlucky, being an idiom for a hand-to-mouth existence. Many opt to wear new, bright, or colourful clothes with circular patterns, such as polka dots, or display sweets and twelve round fruits as the centrepiece, in the belief that circles attract money and fortune and that candies represent a sweeter year ahead. Several customs must only be done at midnight: some throw about coins to increase wealth in the coming year, or jump to increase their height, while some follow the Spanish custom of eating twelve grapes, one for each month of the year. People also make loud noises by blowing on cardboard or plastic horns, called torotot, banging on pots and pans, playing loud music, blowing car horns, or by igniting firecrackers, in the belief that the din scares away bad luck and evil spirits. Bamboo cannons are also fired on the night in some places. Urban areas usually host many New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
parties and countdown celebrations hosted by the private sector with the help of the local government. These parties, which include balls hosted by hotels, usually display their own fireworks and are often very well-attended. Some popular locations for celebrations include the area along Manila Bay at Roxas Boulevard
Roxas Boulevard
or Luneta Park
Luneta Park
in Manila, the intersection of Ayala and Makati Avenues in Makati City, Resorts World Manila
Manila
and SM Mall of Asia in Pasay City, Quezon Memorial Circle
Quezon Memorial Circle
in Diliman and Eastwood City
Eastwood City
in Libis, Quezon City, Bonifacio Global City
Bonifacio Global City
in Taguig City, Entertainment City
Entertainment City
in Parañaque
Parañaque
City, and the Philippine Arena at Ciudad de Victoria
Ciudad de Victoria
in Bocaue and Santa Maria, Bulacan. Singapore[edit]

The New Year
New Year
countdown party in Singapore

The biggest New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
celebration in Singapore
Singapore
takes place in the Marina Bay area. It is attended by 250,000 or more people. The party spans around the bay area starting from the Marina Bay floating Stadium to the Esplanade promenade, the Esplanade Bridge, Benjamin Sheares Bridge, Merlion Park, and the Padang at City Hall facing the Marina Bay. The celebrations are also visible from nearby hotels such as The Fullerton Hotel, Marina Mandarin, The Ritz-Carlton Millenia, Marina Bay Sands, offices located at Raffles Place, Marina Bay Financial Centre, Residential Apartments at The Sail @ Marina Bay, and from The Singapore
Singapore
Flyer. On the waterfront of Marina Bay, 20,000 inflatable "wishing spheres" carrying 500,000 wishes written by Singaporeans
Singaporeans
form a visual arts display filled with brilliant colors beamed from the spotlights erected along the Esplanade promenade open area. Audiences are also entertained by a host of variety shows and concerts staged at the Marina Bay floating platform stage, featuring local and overseas artists. The shows are viewable by all at the bay and telecast live on various television channels in Republic of Singapore, as well as internationally all over Southeast Asia through Channel News Asia. At one minute to midnight, the concert emcees initiate the final countdown together with the audience. When midnight arrives, fireworks are launched from the waters at Marina Bay, lighting up the whole bay against the backdrop of the Singapore
Singapore
skyline. There are other countdown parties across Singapore; these include VivoCity
VivoCity
and areas such as -

Ang Mo Kio Bedok Boon Lay Bukit Panjang Jurong East Punggol Sengkang Serangoon Gardens Tampines Woodlands Yishun

Taiwan[edit]

The Taipei 101
Taipei 101
fireworks show in 2009.

The most prominent New Year's event in Taiwan
Taiwan
is a major fireworks show launched from the Taipei 101
Taipei 101
skyscraper in Taipei. In 2018, the show was enhanced by the installation of a new LED
LED
display system on the north face of the tower between its 35th and 90th floors, which can be used to display digital animation effects. This change countered a reduction in the number of firework shells launched during the show, as part of an effort to produce less pollution.[50][51] Thailand[edit] Aside from the traditional Thai New Year
New Year
called Songkran (Thailand) (which falls on 13 April or 14 April), Thais also celebrate the arrival of the Gregorian New Year
New Year
on 1 January with their families, relatives and friends, which includes a family dinner and following different customs. It is a public holiday. In most cities and urban areas across Thailand, New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
celebrations are accompanied by countdowns, fireworks, concerts and other major events, notably, the CentralWorld
CentralWorld
Square at CentralWorld
CentralWorld
and the area along Chao Phraya River in Bangkok, and the Pattaya
Pattaya
Beach in Pattaya, while public places such as hotels, pubs, restaurants and nightclubs, also host New Year's Eve parties by offering food, entertainment and music to the guests, and they usually stay open until the next morning. Europe[edit] Albania[edit] Preparations for New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
in Albania
Albania
start long before 31 December. It starts with the Christmas
Christmas
tree which in Albania
Albania
is known as "New Year's Tree" or "New Year's Pine". On this day, parents, children and relatives are gathered together to spend some remarkable moments all together. Having an abundant dinner with different kinds of delicious dishes is also a tradition. Part of the tradition is also watching a lot of comedy shows on that night, as the New Year
New Year
should find people smiling and full of joy.The most amazing moment of the night is the last minute of The Old Year and the minute to come of the New Year. At 00:00 everyone toasts and greets each other and a lot of fireworks brighten up the sky of the city. They wish each other a prosperous new year, full of happiness, joy, good health and lots of fortune. It is a tradition that at 00:00 people call each other on the phone to greet one another or send SMS to all their friends. 31 December is the busiest day of an Albanian. Austria[edit] In Austria, New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
is usually celebrated with friends and family. At exactly midnight, all radio and television programmes operated by ORF broadcast the sound of the Pummerin, the bell of St. Stephen's Cathedral in Vienna, followed by the Donauwalzer ("The Blue Danube") by Johann Strauss II. Many people dance to this at parties or in the street. Large crowds gather in the streets of Vienna, where the municipal government organises a series of stages where bands and orchestras play. Fireworks
Fireworks
are set off by both municipal governments and individuals. Belgium[edit] In Belgium, New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
(Sint Sylvester Vooravond ("Saint Sylvester's Eve") or Oudjaar ("old year")) is celebrated with family parties, called réveillons in the French speaking areas. On television, a stand-up comedian reviews the past year after which a musical or variety show signals midnight, when everyone kisses, exchanges good luck greetings, and toasts the New Year
New Year
and absent relatives and friends with champagne. Many people light fireworks or go into the street to watch them. Most cities have their own fireworks display: the most famous is at Mont des Arts
Mont des Arts
in Brussels. Cities, cafés and restaurants are crowded. Free bus services and special New Year's Eve taxis (the Responsible Young Drivers) bring everyone home afterwards. On 1 January (Nieuwjaarsdag in Dutch) children read their "New Year's letter" and give holiday greeting cards of decorated paper featuring golden cherubs and angels, colored roses and ribbon-tied garlands to parents and godparents, on decorated paper. Belgian farmers also wish their animals a happy New Year.[52] Bosnia
Bosnia
and Herzegovina[edit] New Year
New Year
is widely celebrated in Bosnia
Bosnia
and Herzegovina. Streets are decorated for New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
and there is a fireworks show and concerts in all the larger cities. Restaurants, clubs, cafes and hotels are usually full of guests and they organize New Year's Eve parties. In Sarajevo, people gather in the Square of children of Sarajevo where a local rock band entertains them. Several trumpet and rock groups play until the early morning hours. At midnight there is a big fireworks show. Czech Republic
Czech Republic
and Slovakia[edit] New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
(Silvestr/Silvester) celebrations and traditions in Czech Republic
Czech Republic
and Slovakia
Slovakia
are very similar. New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
is the noisiest day of the year. People generally gather with friends at parties, in pubs, clubs, in the streets, or city squares to eat, drink, and celebrate the new year. Fireworks
Fireworks
are a popular tradition; in large cities such as Bratislava, or Prague, the fireworks start before noon and steadily increase until midnight. In the first minutes after midnight, people toast with champagne, wish each other a happy new year, fortune and health, and go outside for the fireworks. In both countries all major TV stations air entertainment shows before and after the midnight countdown, which is followed by the National anthem of each country. The Presidents of the republics gave their New Year speech in the morning - the new Czech President Miloš Zeman renewed the tradition of Christmas
Christmas
speeches. In recent years however the Czechoslovak national anthem is played at midnight, in honor of the shared history of both nations. Denmark[edit]

New Year
New Year
fireworks over Copenhagen

People in Denmark
Denmark
may go to parties or entertain guests at home. There is a special evening meal that concludes with Kransekage, a special dessert, along with champagne. Other traditional dishes are boiled cod, stewed kale and cured saddle of pork.[53] However, expensive cuts of beef as well as sushi have become increasingly popular.[54] Two significant traditional events are broadcast on television and radio on 31 December: the monarch's New Year
New Year
message from Amalienborg Palace[55] at 6pm and the Town Hall Clock in Copenhagen
Copenhagen
striking midnight. Thousands of people gather together in Rådhuspladsen
Rådhuspladsen
(the Town Hall Square) and cheer. [56] The Royal Guard[57][58] parade in their red gala uniforms. The climax of the celebration is fireworks launched as the Town Hall Tower bells chime on the stroke of midnight .After the midnight, all radio & television stations plays: "Vær Velkommen Herrens År" [Danish new year's anthem], "Kong Kristian" [Danish Royal Anthem], "Det er et Yndigt Land" [Danish National Anthem].[59] Estonia[edit] To celebrate New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
in Estonia, people decorate villages, visit friends and prepare lavish meals. Some believe that people should eat seven, nine, or twelve times on New Year's Eve. These are lucky numbers in Estonia; it is believed that for each meal consumed, the person gains the strength of that many men the following year. Meals should not be completely finished—some food should be left for ancestors and spirits who visit the house on New Year's Eve. Traditional New Year
New Year
food includes pork with sauerkraut or Estonian sauerkraut (mulgikapsad), baked potatoes and swedes with hog's head, and white and blood sausage. Vegetarians can eat potato salad with navy beet[clarification needed] and pâté. Gingerbread and marzipan are very popular for dessert. Traditional New Year
New Year
drinks include beer and mead, but mulled wine and champagne have become modern favourites. Finland[edit] In Finland, New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
is usually celebrated with family or friends. Late supper is served, often featuring wieners, Janssons frestelse, and potato salad. Some municipalities organize fireworks at midnight. Consumer fireworks are also very popular. A Finnish tradition is molybdomancy - to tell the fortunes of the New Year
New Year
by melting "tin" (actually lead) in a tiny pan on the stove and throwing it quickly in a bucket of cold water. The resulting blob of metal is analyzed, for example by interpreting shadows it casts by candlelight. These predictions are however never taken seriously. The Finnish Broadcasting Company broadcasts the reception of the New Year at Helsinki Senate Square. Countdown
Countdown
to New Year
New Year
is with the Helsinki Cathedral
Helsinki Cathedral
clock. In the afternoon programme, the German comedy sketch Dinner for One
Dinner for One
is shown every year. On the radio, just before midnight, the poem Hymyilevä Apollo (Smiling Apollo) by Eino Leino is read.[60] France[edit]

Play media

(video) Celebrations in 2014

In France, New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
(la Saint-Sylvestre) is usually celebrated with a feast, le Réveillon de la Saint-Sylvestre[61] (Cap d'Any in Northern Catalonia). This feast customarily includes special dishes including foie gras, seafood such as oysters, and champagne. The celebration can be a simple, intimate dinner with friends and family or, une soirée dansante, a much fancier ball. On New Year's Day
New Year's Day
(le Jour de l'An) friends and family exchange New Year's resolutions, kisses, and wishes. Some people eat ice cream.[62] The holiday period ends on 6 January with the celebration of Epiphany (Jour des Rois). A traditional type of flat pastry cake, la galette des rois, made of two sheets of puff pastry, filled with frangipane (almond paste) is eaten. The cake contains a fève, a small china doll; whomever finds it becomes king or queen and gets to wear a gold paper crown and choose his or her partner. This tradition can last up to two weeks. Germany[edit] In Germany, parties are common on New Year's Eve. Fireworks
Fireworks
are very popular, both with individuals and at large municipal displays. 31 December and the three days leading up to it are the only four days of the year on which fireworks may be sold in Germany. Every year Berlin hosts one of the largest New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
celebrations in all of Europe, attended by over a million people. The focal point is the Brandenburg Gate, where midnight fireworks are centered. Germans toast the New Year with a glass of Sekt (German sparkling wine) or champagne.[citation needed] Molybdomancy
Molybdomancy
(Bleigießen) is another German New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
tradition, which involves telling fortunes by the shapes made by molten lead dropped into cold water. Other auspicious actions are to touch a chimney sweep or rub some ash on your forehead for good luck and health. Jam-filled doughnuts with and without liquor fillings are eaten. Finally a tiny marzipan pig is consumed for more good luck.[citation needed] In some northern regions of Germany
Germany
(e.g. East Frisia) the making of Speckdicken is another tradition - people go door to door visiting their neighbors and partaking in this dish. It looks similar to a pancake, but the recipe calls for either dark molasses or dark syrup, with summer sausage and bacon in the center.[citation needed] Another notable tradition is the British comedy sketch Dinner for One, which has traditionally been broadcast on German television on New Year's Eve since 1972. The version traditionally broadcast on German television was originally recorded in 1963, and was occasionally used as filler programming by NDR due to popular demand; in 1972, Dinner for One received its traditional New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
scheduling. The sketch, as well as its catchphrase "the same procedure as every year", are well-known in German pop culture. Dinner for One
Dinner for One
is also broadcast on or around New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
in other European countries, although it is, ironically, relatively unknown in the United Kingdom.[63][46] Greece[edit] New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
in Greece
Greece
has many traditions. During the day, children sing the New Year's carols to be given money or treats. Then, it is time to have family lunch or dinner. In the evening, people cook a pie named "King's pie (Vassilopita locally)", which is a cake flavored with almonds. Following tradition, they put a coin wrapped in aluminium foil inside the pie. During the family dinner, the hostess puts some of her jewelry in a plate and serves it in the side of the table, as a symbol of the coming year's prosperity. After the dinner is over, the dishes are not washed until the next day. The reason for that is that Saint Vassilis (Greek Santa Claus) is awaited during the New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
and it is considered common courtesy to leave some food for the traveler who visits the house to bring the presents during the night. When midnight arrives, the families count down and then they turn off all the lights and reopen their eyes to "enter the year with a new light". After the fireworks show, they cut the "Vassilopita" and serve it. The person that gets the wrapped coin is the lucky person of the day and he is also blessed for the rest of the year. Gifts exchanges may follow. Hungary[edit]

Midnight - Millenáris,NYE 2017

New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
(Szilveszter) in Hungary is celebrated with home parties and street parties, including a gathering in downtown Budapest. Fireworks
Fireworks
and firecrackers are popular. Champagne, wine and traditional Hungarian New Year
New Year
dishes—frankfurter sausages with horseradish, lentil soup, fish, and roast pig—are consumed. The national anthem is commonly sung at midnight. In past centuries, some Hungarians believed that animals were able to speak on New Year's Eve, and that onion skins sprinkled with salt could indicate a rainy month. Hungarian Christian
Christian
communities focus on celebrating Mass on both New Year's Eve and New Year's Day.[64][65] Iceland[edit]

New Year
New Year
fireworks over Reykjavík, Iceland

Fireworks
Fireworks
are very popular in Iceland, particularly on New Year's Eve. Iceland's biggest New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
events are usually in and around the capital, Reykjavík. Áramótaskaupið ("The New Year's comedy") is an annual Icelandic television comedy special, which is an important part of the New Year for most. It focuses satirically on the past year, and shows little mercy for its victims, especially politicians, artists, prominent business people and activists. Ireland[edit] New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
(Oíche Chinn Bliana, Oíche na Coda Móire, or Oíche Chaille) celebrations in major cities are modest, with most people favouring small parties in the home for family and friends. Italy[edit] In Italy, New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
(Vigilia di Capodanno or Notte di San Silvestro) is celebrated by the observation of traditional rituals, such as wearing red underwear. An ancient tradition in southern regions which is rarely followed today was disposing of old or unused items by dropping them from the window. Dinner is traditionally eaten with relatives and friends. It often includes zampone or cotechino (a meal made with pig's trotters or entrails), and lentils. At 20:30, the President reads a television message of greetings to Italians. At midnight, fireworks are displayed all across the country. Rarely followed today is the tradition that consist in eating lentil stew when bell tolls midnight, one spoonful per bell. This is supposed to bring good fortune; the round lentils represent coins. Macedonia[edit] New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
is celebrated across Macedonia. New Year's Day
New Year's Day
is celebrated by day-long fireworks shows. The day is celebrated together with family or friends at home or in restaurants, clubs, cafés and hotels. During the day-time celebration, children get gifts. Evening celebrations include food, music, and dancing to both traditional Macedonian folk music, and modern music. New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
is celebrated on 31 December and also on 14 January according to the Macedonian Orthodox Calendar. Malta[edit] Malta
Malta
organized its first New Year's street party in 2009 in Floriana. The event was not highly advertised and proved controversial, due to the closing of an arterial street for the day. In 2010 there were the first national celebrations in St. George's Square, Valletta[66] Although professional fireworks are very popular in Malta, they are almost totally absent on New Year's Eve. Usually the Maltese hit nightclubs and specific dance music parties to celebrate New Year's Eve. Montenegro[edit] In Montenegro, New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
celebrations are held in all large cities, usually accompanied by fireworks. It is usually celebrated with family or friends, at home or outside. Restaurants, clubs, cafés and hotels organize celebrations with food and music. Netherlands[edit] New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
(Oud en Nieuw or Oudejaarsavond) in the Netherlands
Netherlands
is usually celebrated as a cozy evening with family or friends, although many people attend big organized parties. Traditional snack foods are oliebollen (oil dumplings) and appelbeignets (apple slice fritters).[67] On television, the main feature is the oudejaarsconference, a performance by one of the major Dutch cabaretiers (comparable to stand-up comedy, but more serious, generally including a satirical review of the year's politics). Historically, in Reformed Protestant families, Psalm 90 is read, although this tradition is now fading away.[68] At midnight, Glühwein (bishops wine) or champagne is drunk. Many people light their own fireworks. Towns do not organize a central fireworks display, except for Rotterdam
Rotterdam
where the national fireworks display can be seen near the Erasmus Bridge. Norway[edit]

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In Norway
Norway
New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
(Nyttårsaften) is the second biggest celebration of the year, after Christmas
Christmas
Eve. While Christmas Eve
Christmas Eve
is a family celebration, New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
is an opportunity to celebrate with friends. Traditionally, there is first a feast, commonly consisting of stuffed, roast turkey with potatoes, sprouts, gravy and Waldorf salad. The accompanying beverage is traditionally beer (commonly either Christmas beer or lager beer). Dessert will often be vanilla pudding or rice cream, and there will be cakes and coffee later in the evening - commonly accompanied by a glass of cognac. Then, at close to 12 am on New Year's Day, people will go outside to send up fireworks. Fireworks are only permitted to be sold to the general public on the days leading up to New Year's Eve, and only to be launched that night. Due to the general use of fireworks, more fires occur on New Year's Eve than on any other day of the year in Norway. Accordingly, most Norwegian cities, and many towns, host a large, public fireworks display in order to discourage private use of fireworks in built-up areas. People will then congregate in a central square or similar to watch and celebrate. Poland[edit] In Poland
Poland
New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
(Sylwester) celebrations include both indoor and outdoor festivities. A large open-air concert is held in the Main Square in Kraków. 150,000 to 200,000 revelers celebrate the New Year with live music and a fireworks display over St. Mary's Basilica.[69] Similar festivities are held in other cities around Poland. For those who do not wish to spend the New Year
New Year
in the city, the mountains are a popular destination. Zakopane, located in the Carpathian Mountains, is the most popular Polish mountain resort in winter. Also, New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
(Sylwester) celebrations are in Katowice, near the Spodek
Spodek
arena. In Sławatycze, people tour the streets dressed up as bearded men[42]. Portugal[edit] In Portugal
Portugal
the New Year
New Year
celebration is taken very seriously. The tradition is to drink champagne and eat twelve raisins - one for each month of the year, making a wish for each. Another Portuguese tradition is a special cake called Bolo-Rei
Bolo-Rei
(literally: King Cake). Bolo-Rei
Bolo-Rei
is a round cake with a large hole in the centre, resembling a crown covered with crystallised and dried fruit. It is baked from a soft, white dough, with raisins, various nuts and crystallised fruit. Inside is hidden the characteristic fava (broad bean). Tradition dictates that whoever finds the fava has to pay for the Bolo-Rei
Bolo-Rei
next year. Initially, a small prize (usually a small metal toy) was also included within the cake. However, the inclusion of the prize was forbidden by the European Union for safety reasons. The Portuguese brought the recipe of the Gateau des Rois
Gateau des Rois
from France
France
in the second half of the 19th century. To this day, this recipe is a very well kept secret. In Lisbon
Lisbon
the New Year
New Year
is celebrated with a grand concert. The New Year's Concert is held at the CCB (Centro Cultural de Belém) on the evening of 1 January, featuring the prestigious Lisbon
Lisbon
Metropolitan Orchestra. Romania[edit]

Romexpo
Romexpo
indoors during Vanghelion New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
party.

Traditional celebrations of New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
(Revelion) are the norm in Romania. Romanians follow centuries-old customs, rituals, and conventions. Children sing "Plugușorul" and "Sorcova", traditional carols that wish goodwill, happiness and success. Parties are common in the evening. Since the Romanian Revolution of 1989, Romanians have gathered in the University Square in Bucharest. Other significant parties occur in Piața Constituției. New Year's Eve is also marked by a national all-night telecast on Romanian Television, which also celebrates its anniversary on this holiday, having opened its doors in the New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
of 1956. Russia[edit] Main article: Novy God Most Russians celebrate New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
with their families and close friends. The origin of this holiday in Russia
Russia
derives from Christmas. Christmas
Christmas
was also a major holiday in Russia
Russia
until it was banned, with all other religious holidays, by the Communist Party. To compensate for the absence of Christmas, New Year's was celebrated as much as Christmas
Christmas
was, but without the religious aspect of the holiday and lot of a Christmas
Christmas
attributes were repurposed, such as Christmas
Christmas
tree, which became a New Year
New Year
tree. Even after the fall of the Soviet Union, New Year's is still celebrated in Russia
Russia
and has become a Russian tradition. There is an old superstition that if the first visitor (especially an unexpected one) on 1 January is a male, the year will be good. People also try to start the new year without debts.[citation needed]

Play media

The Kremlin Clock
Kremlin Clock
chimes and the singing of the Russian national anthem bring in the New Year
New Year
(2012).

The celebration usually starts one or two hours before midnight. A common tradition is to "say farewell to the old year" by remembering the most important events of the last twelve months. At five minutes to midnight most people watch the president's New Year
New Year
speech on TV[70] and watch popular films or New Year
New Year
TV shows before and after midnight. There is a tradition to listen to the Kremlin
Kremlin
clock bell ringing twelve times on the radio or on TV, which is followed by the national anthem.[71][72] During these twelve seconds people keep silence and make their secret wishes for the next year. After the clock strikes, they drink champagne and have rich dinner, watching TV concerts and having fun. Some people light fireworks outside and visit their friends and neighbors. As 30 and 31 December are working days, a lot of people also have parties at work (so-called "corporatives"), though 31 December is mostly spent at home or with friends. Grandfather Frost
Grandfather Frost
and his granddaughter Snowmaiden
Snowmaiden
bring presents on New Year's Eve. On 13 January, some of people celebrates "Old New Year", according to the Julian calendar. Serbia[edit] New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
in Serbia is traditionally celebrated extensively. Indoors, families celebrate New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
with an abundance of food. Serbs decorate trees, Novogodišnja jelka, at New Year's Eve, rather than at Christmas
Christmas
Eve. Near, or after midnight, Santa Claus
Santa Claus
(Deda Mraz) visits houses and leaves presents under the tree, to be unpacked then or, if the family is asleep, to be discovered in the morning. Serbian New Year's celebrations take place in Belgrade, and several other major cities such as Novi Sad
Novi Sad
and Niš. As of mid-December, cities are extensively decorated and lit. The decorations remain until way into January due to the influence of the Julian calendar. Throughout the region, especially amongst former Yugoslav republics, Belgrade
Belgrade
is the most popular destination for major parties. On 13 January, a large part of the population[citation needed] celebrates "Serbian New Year", according to the Julian calendar. Usually one concert is organized in front of either City Hall or the National Parliament in Belgrade, while fireworks are prepared by the Serbian Orthodox Church and fired from the Cathedral of Saint Sava, where people also gather. Other cities also organize such celebrations. Slovenia[edit] In Slovenia, New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
is known as a Saint Sylvester's Day (Silvestrovo). Streets are decorated for the whole December. In larger cities like Ljubljana, Maribor, Celje
Celje
or Koper
Koper
there are concerts, culture programm and countdown followed by fireworks. There is also special programme on the national TV. Tradition is, that family comes together and have a dinner. At midnight, people toast with champagne, wish each other a happy new year, fortune and health. People have already decorated the Christmas
Christmas
tree before Christmas
Christmas
and children are waiting for the third "Good man of December - Dedek Mraz." Spain[edit]

Madrid's Puerta del Sol
Puerta del Sol
on New Year's Eve, 2005.

Spanish New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
(Nochevieja or Fin de Año) celebrations usually begin with a family dinner, traditionally including shrimp or prawns, and lamb or capon. The actual countdown is primarily followed from the clock on top of the Casa de Correos building in Puerta del Sol Square in Madrid. It is traditional to eat Twelve Grapes, one on each chime of the clock. This tradition has its origins in 1909, when grape growers in Alicante
Alicante
thought of it as a way to cut down on the large production surplus they had had that year. Nowadays, the tradition is followed by almost every Spaniard, and the twelve grapes have become synonymous with the New Year. After the clock has finished striking twelve, people greet each other and toast with sparkling wine such as cava or champagne, or with cider. The song "Un año más," by the Spanish group Mecano, is frequently played. Earlier in the evening at around 20:00, there is a 10k run called San Silvestre Vallecana, which starts on Paseo de la Castellana, next to Santiago Bernabéu Stadium, and ends at the Vallecas Stadium. Professional runners come to Madrid
Madrid
for this 10k.[citation needed] After the family dinner and the grapes, many young people attend cotillones de nochevieja parties (named for the Spanish word cotillón, which refers to party supplies like confetti, party blowers, and party hats) at pubs, clubs, and similar places. Parties usually last until the next morning and range from small, personal celebrations at local bars to huge parties with guests numbering the thousands at hotel convention rooms. Early the next morning, party attendees usually gather to have the traditional winter breakfast of hot chocolate and fried pastry (chocolate con churros). Sweden[edit]

Gothenburg
Gothenburg
fireworks on New Year's Eve, 2008.

In Sweden, New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
is usually celebrated with families or with friends. A few hours before and after midnight, people usually party and eat a special dinner, often three courses. New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
is celebrated with large fireworks displays throughout the country, especially in the cities. People over the age of 18 are allowed to buy fireworks, which are sold by local stores or by private persons. While watching or lighting fireworks at midnight, people usually drink champagne. Switzerland[edit] In Switzerland, New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
is typically celebrated at a residence with friends. There are no particular main dishes associated with the event, although sweets and desserts are usual. Each commune has its own government-arranged countdown in a public space, accompanied with formal fireworks shows in smaller cities. Ukraine[edit] In the countries that were formerly part of the Soviet Union, New Year's has the same cultural significance as Christmas
Christmas
has in the United States, but without the religious connotations. Ukrainian families traditionally install spruce trees at home, the equivalent of a Christmas
Christmas
tree. Families gather to eat a large feast and reflect on the past year. They have a large celebration, make toasts, and make wishes for a happy New Year. Families give presents to their friends as well as informal acquaintances. As Ukrainians are traditionally a closely knit community, it is seen as a taboo to not give presents to those the family associates with. Children stay up until midnight, waiting for the New Year. During these celebrations many Ukrainians tune to special New Year
New Year
shows, which have become a long-standing tradition for the Ukrainian TV. And just before midnight the President of Ukraine gives his New Year's message to the nation, and when the clock strikes 12, the National Anthem Shche ne vmerla Ukraina
Shche ne vmerla Ukraina
is played in all TV and radio stations as well as in Independence Square in Kiev and other cities where holiday celebrations are held. The first New year dish in Ukraine which associates with the New year for every Ukrainian person is the Olivier salad. It has become the main «character» of many jokes and anecdotes. There are several versions about where the name Olivier comes from, but most people say that it appeared thanks to the French chef Olivier, who lived in the USSR
USSR
in the 1960s and was the owner of a French restaurant in Moscow. He was the first one to cook this dish. Nowadays this salad is also called Russian, potato and meat salad.[73] New Year
New Year
is often considered a "pre-celebration" for Greek Catholics and Eastern Orthodox living in Eastern Europe, primarily in Ukraine, since Christmas
Christmas
is celebrated on 7 January. United Kingdom[edit] England[edit]

Thousands of people gather in central London for New Year celebrations, including fireworks at the London Eye
London Eye
at midnight

The most prominent New Year's celebration in England is that of Central London, where the arrival of midnight is greeted with the chimes of Big Ben. In recent years, a major fireworks display has also been held, with fireworks launched from the nearby London Eye
London Eye
Ferris wheel. On New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
2010, an estimated 250,000 people gathered to view an eight-minute fireworks display around and above the London Eye which was, for the first time, set to a musical soundtrack.[74] The celebrations in London continued into 1 January, with the New Year's Day Parade, held annually since 1987. The 2011 parade involved more than 10,000 musicians, cheerleaders and performers.[75] Other major New Year
New Year
events are held in the cities of Birmingham, Manchester, Liverpool, Leeds, and Newcastle. Scotland[edit] Main article: Hogmanay See also: Edinburgh's Hogmanay

Hogmanay
Hogmanay
fireworks in Edinburgh.

In Scotland, New Year's (Hogmanay) is celebrated with several different customs, such as First-Footing, which involves friends or family members going to each other's houses with a gift of whisky and sometimes a lump of coal. Edinburgh, the Scottish capital, hosts one of the world's most famous New Year
New Year
celebrations. The celebration is focused on a major street party along Princes Street. The cannon is fired at Edinburgh
Edinburgh
Castle at the stroke of midnight, followed by a large fireworks display. Edinburgh
Edinburgh
hosts a festival of four or five days, beginning on 28 December, and lasting until New Year's Day
New Year's Day
or 2 January, which is also a bank holiday in Scotland. Other cities across Scotland, such as Aberdeen, Glasgow
Glasgow
and Stirling have large organised celebrations too, including fireworks at midnight. BBC Scotland
Scotland
broadcast the celebrations in Edinburgh
Edinburgh
to a Scottish audience, with the celebrations also screened across the world. STV covers both worldwide New Year
New Year
celebrations, and details of events happening around Scotland. Wales[edit] Further information: Calennig

A Mari Lwyd c. 1910–1914. Traditionally carried from door to door during Calennig in Wales

The Welsh tradition of giving gifts and money on New Year's Day (Welsh: Calennig) is an ancient custom that survives in modern-day Wales, though nowadays it is now customary to give bread and cheese.[76] Thousands of people descend every year on Cardiff
Cardiff
to enjoy live music, catering, ice-skating, funfairs and fireworks. Many of the celebrations take place at Cardiff
Cardiff
Castle and Cardiff
Cardiff
City Hall. Every New Year's Eve, the Nos Galan road race
Nos Galan road race
(Rasys Nos Galan), a 5-kilometre (3.1 mi) running race, is held in Mountain Ash in the Cynon Valley, Rhondda Cynon Taf, South Wales. The race celebrates the life and achievements of Welsh runner Guto Nyth Brân. Founded in 1958 by local runner Bernard Baldwin, it is run over the 5 kilometre route of Guto's first competitive race. The main race starts with a church service at Llanwynno, and then a wreath is laid on Guto's grave in Llanwynno
Llanwynno
graveyard. After lighting a torch, it is carried to the nearby town of Mountain Ash, where the main race takes place. The race consists of a double circuit of the town centre, starting in Henry Street and ending in Oxford Street, by the commemorative statue of Guto. Traditionally, the race was timed to end at midnight, but in recent times it was rescheduled for the convenience of family entertainment, now concluding at around 9pm. This has resulted in a growth in size and scale, and the proceedings now start with an afternoon of street entertainment, and fun run races for children, concluding with the church service, elite runners' race and presentations. Middle East[edit] Israel[edit] New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
(Sylvester) in Israel, is celebrated by parties, social get togethers, concerts, and dining out in major cities such as Jerusalem
Jerusalem
and Tel Aviv. Immigrants from the former USSR
USSR
celebrate Novy God, the Russian version of the holiday. Lebanon
Lebanon
and Syria[edit] In Lebanon
Lebanon
and Syria, people celebrate New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
with a dinner attended by family and friends. The dinner features traditional dishes such as tabouli, hummus, kibbi, and other Lebanese foods. These celebrations could also take place in restaurants and clubs. Game shows are also organized where people can try to win money. The countdown to New Year's is broadcast through the leading TV channel and the celebrations usually continue until sunrise. Fireworks
Fireworks
are lit throughout the night. Saudi Arabia[edit] In Saudi Arabia, New Year's is solely celebrated in private gatherings. As the Islamic calendar
Islamic calendar
is the official civic calendar, the Committee for the Promotion of Virtue and the Prevention of Vice—Saudi Arabia's religious police, has enforced a ban on public festivities of the Gregorian New Year. The organization can also fine shops for offering New Year's-related products, and confiscate them. However, the organization does not go after individual citizens holding private celebrations.[77][78] United Arab Emirates[edit] In Dubai, United Arab Emirates, New Year's fireworks are set off from Jumeirah
Jumeirah
Beach (including Burj Al Arab) and the world's tallest building, Burj Khalifa. The New Year
New Year
fireworks display at Burj Khalifa is among the world's most expensive.

New year celebrations, including fireworks at the Burj Khalifa
Burj Khalifa
at midnight

Turkey[edit]

New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
decorations in Kadıköy, Istanbul.

New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
decorations in Nişantaşı, İstanbul.

Numerous decorations and customs traditionally associated with Christmas
Christmas
and Bayrams are part of secular New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
celebrations in Turkey. Homes and streets are lit in glittering lights. Small gifts are exchanged, and large family dinners are organized with family and friends, featuring a special turkey dish stuffed with a zante currant, pine nuts, pimiento and dill iç pilav, dolma, hot börek, baklava, and various other Turkish dishes, accompanied with rakı, Turkish wine, or boza, şerbet, salep, and Turkish tea
Turkish tea
or coffee. Even though Turkish people generally do not celebrate Christmas, decorating Christmas
Christmas
trees is a very popular tradition on New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
in Turkey, and the Turks associate Santa Claus
Santa Claus
with New Year's Eve. Television
Television
and radio channels are known to continuously broadcast a variety of special New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
programs, while municipalities all around the country organize fundraising events for the poor, in addition to celebratory public shows such as concerts and family-friendly events, as well as more traditional forms of entertainment such as the Karagöz and Hacivat
Karagöz and Hacivat
shadow-theater, and even performances by the Mehter—the Janissary
Janissary
Band that was founded during the days of the Ottoman Empire. Public and private parties with large public attendances are organised in a number of cities and towns, particularly in the largest metropolitan areas such as Istanbul, Ankara, Izmir, Adana, Bursa
Bursa
and Antalya, with the biggest celebrations taking place in Istanbul's Taksim, Beyoğlu, Nişantaşı
Nişantaşı
and Kadıköy
Kadıköy
districts and Ankara's Kızılay Square, which generally feature dancing, concerts, laser and lightshows as well as the traditional countdown and fireworks display. Oceania[edit] Australia[edit] See also: Sydney
Sydney
New Year's Eve

Sydney New Year's Eve
Sydney New Year's Eve
2008–09

Each major city in Australia
Australia
holds New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
celebrations, usually accompanied by a fireworks display and other events. Gloucester Park, a racecourse in central Perth, is the largest and most recognized display in the Western Australian city. In Brisbane events are held at Southbank. At night, 50,000 people gather at sites around the Brisbane River
Brisbane River
to watch a fireworks display. The largest celebration in Australia
Australia
is held in its largest city: Sydney. Each year, the celebrations in Sydney
Sydney
are accompanied by a theme with two pyrotechnic shows: the 9:00 pm Family Fireworks
Fireworks
and the Midnight Fireworks. Centering on the Sydney
Sydney
Harbour Bridge, the fireworks are synchronized to a blend of popular music and a lighting display called the "Bridge Effect", which displays various symbols and other images related to the current year's theme, located on the bridge itself. The "Midnight Fireworks" are regularly watched by approximately 1.5–2 million people at Sydney
Sydney
Harbour. As one of the first major New Year's celebrations globally each year, Sydney's Midnight Fireworks
Fireworks
are often broadcast throughout the world during the day of 31 December. In Melbourne, the city follows suit with Sydney having a 9:30 Family Fireworks
Fireworks
followed by the midnight fireworks. Celebrations are mostly centered on the Yarra River
Yarra River
and Federation Square, as well as Docklands. Most of the firework shows in Melbourne are launched from boats along the river and from atop the city's various skyscrapers. Kiribati[edit] Kiritimati
Kiritimati
(UTC+14), part of Kiribati, is one of the first locations in the world to welcome the New Year. Other Kiribati
Kiribati
islands follow at UTC+13
UTC+13
and UTC+12. New Zealand[edit]

Auckland
Auckland
fireworks as seen from Sky Tower.

Gisborne, New Zealand—496.3 kilometres (308.4 mi) west of the International Date Line—is the first major city to see the beginning of the new year. In New Zealand, cities celebrate with large street parties and fireworks displays. Local councils usually organise parties and street carnivals and fireworks displays. In Auckland, the top of the Sky Tower—the tallest freestanding structure tower in the Southern Hemisphere—is the launch site for a fireworks show. The New Zealand
New Zealand
national cricket team have begun playing a one-day International cricket game in Queenstown during the day of New Year's Eve. Samoa[edit] Since changing the time zone from UTC-11
UTC-11
to UTC+13
UTC+13
in winter and UTC+14
UTC+14
in summer (including new year), Samoa
Samoa
is the first country to receive the New Year
New Year
as a whole, sharing it with some parts of Kiribati. Music[edit]

John Masey Wright
John Masey Wright
and John Rogers' c. 1841 illustration of Auld Lang Syne.

Music associated with New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
comes in both classical and popular genres, and there is also Christmas
Christmas
song focus on the arrival of a new year during the Christmas
Christmas
and holiday season.

Auld Lang Syne
Auld Lang Syne
by Robert Burns.[79] Johann Sebastian Bach, in the Orgelbüchlein, composed three chorale preludes for the new year: Helft mir Gotts Güte preisen [" Help me to praise God's goodness"] (BWV 613); Das alte Jahr vergangen ist ["The old year has passed"] (BWV 614); and In dir ist freude ["In you is joy"] (BWV 615).[80] The year is gone, beyond recall is a traditional Christian
Christian
hymn to give thanks for the new year, dating back to 1713.[81] Happy New Year
New Year
by ABBA. Imagine by John Lennon. It Was a Very Good Year by Frank Sinatra. It's Just Another New Year's Eve by Barry Manilow. Let's Start the New Year
New Year
Right by Bing Crosby. New Year's Day
New Year's Day
by U2. Same Old Lang Syne
Same Old Lang Syne
by Dan Fogelberg. Let's Spend This New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
At Home by Christi Bauerlee. Kiss Me at Midnight by 'N Sync
'N Sync
from their 1998 album The Winter Album. This Is the New Year
New Year
by A Great Big World. New Year's Day
New Year's Day
by Taylor Swift. 1999 by Prince's Will 2K by Will Smith Millennium by Robbie Williams Disco 2000 by Pulp Año Más by Mecano

See also[edit]

Holidays portal

Áramótaskaupið in Iceland Chinese New Year Hogmanay
Hogmanay
Live List of objects dropped on New Year's Eve            Malanka, a Ukrainian holiday

New Year New Year's Day New Year's Resolution Nowruz, the Persian New Year

References[edit]

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External links[edit]

Look up New Year's Eve or Happy new year in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to New Year's Eve.

New Year's Around the World - slideshow by Life magazine

v t e

Holidays, observances, and celebrations in Algeria

January

New Year's Day
New Year's Day
(1) Yennayer
Yennayer
(12)

February

Valentine's Day
Valentine's Day
(14) Tafsut (28)

March

International Women's Day
International Women's Day
(8) Victory Day (19) World Water Day
World Water Day
(22) Maghrebi Blood Donation Day (30) Spring vacation (2 last weeks)

April

April Fools' Day
April Fools' Day
(1) Knowledge Day (16) Berber Spring (20) Earth Day
Earth Day
(22) Election Day (Thursday)

May

International Workers' Day
International Workers' Day
(1) World Press Freedom Day (3) Mother's Day
Mother's Day
(last Sunday)

June–July–August

Summer vacation (varies)

June

Children's Day
Children's Day
(1) Father's Day
Father's Day
(21)

July

Independence Day (5)

September

International Day of Peace
International Day of Peace
(21)

October

International Day of Non-Violence
International Day of Non-Violence
(2) Halloween
Halloween
(31)

November

Revolution Day (1)

December

Christmas Eve
Christmas Eve
(24) Christmas
Christmas
(25) New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
(31) Winter vacation (2 last weeks)

Varies (year round)

Hijri New Year's Day
New Year's Day
(Muharram 1) Ashura
Ashura
(Muharram 10) Mawlid
Mawlid
(Rabi' al-Awwal 12) Ramadan
Ramadan
( Ramadan
Ramadan
1) Laylat al-Qadr
Laylat al-Qadr
( Ramadan
Ramadan
27) Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
(Shawwal 1) Day of Arafah
Day of Arafah
(Dhu al-Hijjah 9) Eid al-Adha
Eid al-Adha
(Dhu al-Hijjah 10) Holi
Holi
(varies)

Bold indicates major holidays commonly celebrated in Algeria, which often represent the major celebrations of the month. See also: Lists of holidays.

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Holidays, observances, and celebrations in the United States

January

New Year's Day
New Year's Day
(federal) Martin Luther King Jr. Day
Martin Luther King Jr. Day
(federal)

Confederate Heroes Day (TX) Fred Korematsu Day
Fred Korematsu Day
(CA, FL, HI, VA) Idaho Human Rights Day (ID) Inauguration Day (federal quadrennial, DC area) Kansas Day (KS) Lee–Jackson Day
Lee–Jackson Day
(formerly Lee–Jackson–King Day) (VA) Robert E. Lee Day
Robert E. Lee Day
(FL) Stephen Foster Memorial Day (36) The Eighth (LA, former federal)

January–February

Super Bowl Sunday

February American Heart Month Black History Month

Washington's Birthday/Presidents' Day (federal) Valentine's Day

Georgia Day (GA) Groundhog Day Lincoln's Birthday
Lincoln's Birthday
(CA, CT, IL, IN, MO, NJ, NY, WV) National Girls and Women in Sports Day National Freedom Day (36) Primary Election Day (WI) Ronald Reagan Day
Ronald Reagan Day
(CA) Rosa Parks Day
Rosa Parks Day
(CA, MO) Susan B. Anthony Day
Susan B. Anthony Day
(CA, FL, NY, WI, WV, proposed federal)

February–March

Mardi Gras

Ash Wednesday
Ash Wednesday
(religious) Courir de Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
(religious) Super Tuesday

March Irish-American Heritage Month National Colon Cancer Awareness Month Women's History Month

St. Patrick's Day (religious) Spring break
Spring break
(week)

Casimir Pulaski Day
Casimir Pulaski Day
(IL) Cesar Chavez Day
Cesar Chavez Day
(CA, CO, TX, proposed federal) Evacuation Day (Suffolk County, MA) Harriet Tubman Day
Harriet Tubman Day
(NY) Holi
Holi
(NY, religious) Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
(AL (in two counties), LA) Maryland Day
Maryland Day
(MD) National Poison Prevention Week
National Poison Prevention Week
(week) Prince Jonah Kūhiō Kalanianaʻole Day (HI) Saint Joseph's Day
Saint Joseph's Day
(religious) Seward's Day (AK) Texas Independence Day
Texas Independence Day
(TX) Town Meeting Day (VT)

March–April

Easter
Easter
(religious)

Palm Sunday
Palm Sunday
(religious) Passover
Passover
(religious) Good Friday
Good Friday
(CT, NC, PR, religious) Easter
Easter
Monday (religious)

April Confederate History Month

420 Day April Fools' Day Arbor Day Confederate Memorial Day
Confederate Memorial Day
(AL, MS) Days of Remembrance of the Victims of the Holocaust
Days of Remembrance of the Victims of the Holocaust
(week) Earth Day Emancipation Day
Emancipation Day
(DC) Thomas Jefferson's Birthday
Jefferson's Birthday
(AL) Pascua Florida
Florida
(FL) Patriots' Day
Patriots' Day
(MA, ME) San Jacinto Day
San Jacinto Day
(TX) Siblings Day Walpurgis Night
Walpurgis Night
(religious)

May Asian Pacific American Heritage Month Jewish American Heritage Month

Memorial Day
Memorial Day
(federal) Mother's Day
Mother's Day
(36) Cinco de Mayo

Harvey Milk Day
Harvey Milk Day
(CA) Law Day (36) Loyalty Day (36) Malcolm X Day
Malcolm X Day
(CA, IL, proposed federal) May Day Military Spouse Day National Day of Prayer
National Day of Prayer
(36) National Defense Transportation Day (36) National Maritime Day (36) Peace Officers Memorial Day
Memorial Day
(36) Truman Day
Truman Day
(MO)

June Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Pride Month

Father's Day
Father's Day
(36)

Bunker Hill Day
Bunker Hill Day
(Suffolk County, MA) Carolina Day
Carolina Day
(SC) Emancipation Day
Emancipation Day
In Texas / Juneteenth
Juneteenth
(TX) Flag Day (36, proposed federal) Helen Keller Day
Helen Keller Day
(PA) Honor America Days (3 weeks) Jefferson Davis Day
Jefferson Davis Day
(AL, FL) Kamehameha Day
Kamehameha Day
(HI) Odunde Festival
Odunde Festival
(Philadelphia, PA) Senior Week (week) West Virginia Day
West Virginia Day
(WV)

July

Independence Day (federal)

Lā Hoʻihoʻi Ea (HI, unofficial) Parents' Day
Parents' Day
(36) Pioneer Day (UT)

July–August

Summer vacation

August

American Family Day (AZ) Barack Obama
Barack Obama
Day (IL) Bennington Battle Day (VT) Hawaii Admission Day / Statehood Day (HI) Lyndon Baines Johnson Day
Lyndon Baines Johnson Day
(TX) National Aviation Day
National Aviation Day
(36) Service Reduction Day (MD) Victory over Japan
Japan
Day (RI, former federal) Women's Equality Day
Women's Equality Day
(36)

September Prostate Cancer Awareness Month

Labor Day
Labor Day
(federal)

California Admission Day
California Admission Day
(CA) Carl Garner Federal Lands Cleanup Day (36) Constitution Day (36) Constitution Week (week) Defenders Day
Defenders Day
(MD) Gold Star Mother's Day
Mother's Day
(36) National Grandparents Day
National Grandparents Day
(36) National Payroll Week (week) Native American Day (CA, TN, proposed federal) Patriot Day
Patriot Day
(36)

September–October Hispanic Heritage Month

Oktoberfest

Rosh Hashanah
Rosh Hashanah
(religious) Yom Kippur
Yom Kippur
(religious)

October Breast Cancer Awareness Month Disability Employment Awareness Month Filipino American History Month LGBT History Month

Columbus Day
Columbus Day
(federal) Halloween

Alaska Day (AK) Child Health Day (36) General Pulaski Memorial Day German-American Day Indigenous Peoples' Day
Indigenous Peoples' Day
(VT) International Day of Non-Violence Leif Erikson Day
Leif Erikson Day
(36) Missouri Day (MO) National School Lunch Week Native American Day (SD) Nevada Day
Nevada Day
(NV) Sweetest Day White Cane Safety Day
White Cane Safety Day
(36)

October–November

Diwali
Diwali
(religious)

November Native American Indian Heritage Month

Veterans Day
Veterans Day
(federal) Thanksgiving (federal)

Day after Thanksgiving (24) Election Day (CA, DE, HI, KY, MT, NJ, NY, OH, PR, WV, proposed federal) Family Day (NV) Hanukkah
Hanukkah
(religious) Lā Kūʻokoʻa (HI, unofficial) Native American Heritage Day (MD, WA) Obama Day
Obama Day
(Perry County, AL)

December

Christmas
Christmas
(religious, federal)

Alabama Day (AL) Christmas Eve
Christmas Eve
(KY, NC, SC) Day after Christmas
Christmas
(KY, NC, SC, TX) Festivus Hanukkah
Hanukkah
(religious, week) Indiana Day
Indiana Day
(IN) Kwanzaa
Kwanzaa
(religious, week) National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day
National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day
(36) New Year's Eve Pan American Aviation Day (36) Rosa Parks Day
Rosa Parks Day
(OH, OR) Wright Brothers Day (36)

Varies (year round)

Eid al-Adha
Eid al-Adha
(religious) Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
(religious) Ramadan
Ramadan
(religious, month)

Legend: (federal) = federal holidays, (state) = state holidays, (religious) = religious holidays, (week) = weeklong holidays, (month) = monthlong holidays, (36) = Title 36 Observances and Ceremonies Bold indicates major holidays commonly celebrated in the United States, which often represent the major celebrations of the month. See also: Lists of holidays, Hallmark holidays, public holidays in the United States, New Jersey, New York, Puerto Rico and the United States Virgin Islands.

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Public holidays in the Philippines

Regular holidays

New Year's Day Maundy Thursday Good Friday Araw ng Kagitingan Labor Day Independence Day National Heroes' Day Bonifacio Day Christmas Rizal Day

Special
Special
non-working days

Chinese New Year Black Saturday Ninoy Aquino Day All Saints' Day
All Saints' Day
and All Souls' Day Immaculate Conception Noche Buena Last day of the year

Special
Special
holiday (for schools)

EDSA Revolution Anniversary

Italicized: Movable holiday

Authority control

.