New Partnership for Africa's Development
1 Origins and function
1.1 Current status
3 Programs 4 Criticism 5 See also 6 Bibliography 7 References 8 External links
Origins and function
NEPAD is a merger of two plans for the economic regeneration of
Africa: the Millennium Partnership for the African Recovery Programme
(MAP), led by Former President
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The HSGIC to which the NEPAD secretariat reports comprises three
states for each region of the African Union, with former President
Obasanjo (Nigeria) as elected chair, and Presidents Bouteflika
(Algeria) and Wade (Senegal) as deputy chairmen. The HSGIC meets
several times a year and reports to the AU Assembly of Heads of State
There is also a Steering Committee, comprising 20 AU member states, to
oversee the development of policies, programs and projects -this
committee reports to the HSGIC.
The NEPAD Secretariat, now the NEPAD Planning and Coordinating Agency,
is based in Midrand, South Africa. The first CEO was Wiseman Nkuhlu of
Economic Commission for Africa
Programs The eight priority areas of NEPAD are: political, economic and corporate governance; agriculture; infrastructure; education; health; science and technology; market access and tourism; and environment. During the first few years of its existence, the main task of the NEPAD Secretariat and key supporters was the popularisation of NEPAD’s key principles, as well as the development of action plans for each of the sectoral priorities. NEPAD also worked to develop partnerships with international development finance institutions—including the World Bank, G8, European Commission, UNECA and others—and with the private sector. After this initial phase, more concrete programs were developed, including:
The Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP),
aimed at assisting the launching of a 'green revolution' in Africa,
based on a belief in the key role of agriculture in development.
The Programme for Infrastructure Development in Africa (PIDA)which
comprises numerous trans-boundary infrastructure projects in the four
sectors transport, energy, water and ICT, aimed at boosting
intra-African trade and interconnecting the continent.
The NEPAD Science and Technology programme, including an emphasis on
research in areas such as water science and energy.
The "e-schools programme", adopted by the HSGIC in 2003 as an
initiative to equip all 600,000 primary and secondary schools in
Africa with IT equipment and internet access within 10 years, in
partnership with several large IT companies. See NEPAD E-School
The launch of a Pan African Infrastructure Development Fund (PAIDF) by
the Public Investment Corporation of South Africa, to finance high
priority cross-border infrastructure projects.
Capacity building for continental institutions, working with the
African Capacity Building Foundation, the Southern Africa Trust,
UNECA, the African Development Bank, and other development partners.
One of NEPAD's priorities has been to strengthen the capacity of and
linkages among the Regional Economic Communities.
NEPAD was involved with the
Timbuktu Manuscripts Project
Criticism NEPAD was initially met with a great deal of scepticism from much of civil society in Africa as playing into the 'Washington Consensus' model of economic development. In July 2002, members of some 40 African social movements, trade unions, youth and women's organizations, NGOs, religious organizations and others endorsed the African Civil Society Declaration on NEPAD rejecting NEPAD; a similar hostile view was taken by African scholars and activist intellectuals in the 2002 Accra Declaration on Africa's Development Challenges. Part of the problem in this rejection was that the process by which NEPAD was adopted was insufficiently participatory—civil society was almost totally excluded from the discussions by which it came to be adopted. More recently, NEPAD has also been criticised by some of its initial backers, including notably Senegalese President Abdoulaye Wade, who accused NEPAD of wasting hundreds of millions of dollars and achieving nothing. Like many other intergovernmental bodies, NEPAD suffers from slow decision-making, and a relatively poorly resourced and often cumbersome implementing framework. The great lack of information about the day-to-day activities of the NEPAD secretariat—the website is notably uninformative—does not help its case. However, the program has also received some acceptance from those who were initially very critical, and, in general, has seen its status become less controversial as it becomes more established and its programs become more concrete. The aim of promoting greater regional integration and trade among African states is welcomed by many, even as the fundamental macroeconomic principles NEPAD endorses remain contested. See also
African Peer Review Mechanism African Union NEPAD African Western and Southern Networks of centre of Excellence in water sciences
The New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD): An Initial Commentary by Ravi Kanbur, Cornell University Nepad’s APRM: A Progress Report, Practical Limitations and Challenges, by Ayesha Kajee "Fanon's Warning: A Civil Society Reader on the New Partnership for Africa's Development", edited by Patrick Bond, Africa World Press, 2002 "The New Partnership for Africa's Development: Challenges and Developments", Centre for Democracy and Development (Nigeria), 2003 "NEPAD: A New Path?" edited by Peter Anyang' Nyong'o, Aseghedech Ghirmazion and Davinder Lamba, Heinrich Boell Foundation, 2002 "The African Union, NEPAD, and Human Rights: The Missing Agenda" by Bronwen Manby, Human Rights Quarterly - Volume 26, Number 4, November 2004, pp. 983–1027 "Economic Policy and Conflict in Africa" in Journal of Peacebuilding and Development, Vol.2, No.1, 2004; pp. 6–20 "Pan-Africa: The NEPAD formula" by Sarah Coleman, World Press Review July 2002 v49 i7 p29(1) "Bring Africa out of the margins", The Christian Science Monitor July 5, 2002 p10
^  Archived 26 October 2010 at the Wayback Machine.
^  Archived 26 October 2010 at the Wayback Machine.
^ Conclusions and Recommendations of the NEPAD Heads of State and
Government Implementation Committee (HSGIC) Meeting and Brainstorming
on NEPAD, Algiers, Algeria, NEPAD Secretariat, 21 March 2007.
^ Bathandwa Mbola, "NEPAD summit to discuss global challenges facing
Africa", BuaNews (SA govt), 15 April 2008
^ "E Ebrahim receives credentials from Nepad Secretariat CEO".
Info.gov.za. Archived from the original on 4 June 2011. Retrieved 2
Regional Economic Communities recognised by the AU are: The
Economic Commission of West African States (ECOWAS), the Southern
African Development Community (SADC), the East African Community
Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa
NEPAD official website
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