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The Info List - New Hampshire Primary

The New Hampshire
New Hampshire
primary is the first in a series of nationwide party primary elections and the second party contest (the first being the Iowa Caucuses) held in the United States every four years as part of the process of choosing the delegates to the Democratic and Republican national conventions which choose the party nominees for the presidential elections to be held the subsequent November. Although only a few delegates are chosen in the New Hampshire
New Hampshire
primary, its real importance comes from the massive media coverage it receives (along with the first caucus in Iowa). Spurred by the events of the 1968 election, reforms that began with the 1972 election elevated the two states' importance to the overall election,[1][2] and began to receive as much media attention as all other state contests combined.[3] Examples of this extraordinary coverage have been seen on the campuses of Dartmouth College
Dartmouth College
and Saint Anselm College, as the colleges have held multiple national debates and have attracted media outlets like NPR, Fox News, CNN, NBC, and ABC. The publicity and momentum can be enormous from a decisive win by a frontrunner, or better-than-expected result in the New Hampshire
New Hampshire
primary. The upset or weak showing by a front-runner changes the calculus of national politics in a matter of hours, as happened in 1952 (D), 1968 (D), 1980 (R), and 2008 (D). Since 1952, the primary has been a major testing ground for candidates for both the Republican and Democratic nominations. Candidates who do poorly frequently drop out, while lesser-known, underfunded candidates who do well in New Hampshire
New Hampshire
suddenly become serious contenders, garnering large amounts of media attention and campaign funding. It is not a closed primary, in which votes can be cast in a party primary only by people registered with that party, in that state. Undeclared voters—those not registered with any party—can vote in either party primary. However, it does not meet a common definition of an open primary, because people registered as Republican or Democratic on voting day cannot cast ballots in the primary of the other party.[4]

Contents

1 Timing 2 Significance 3 History

3.1 1968 3.2 1992 3.3 2000 3.4 2008 3.5 2016

4 Winners and runners-up

4.1 Presidential results

4.1.1 Democrats 4.1.2 Republicans 4.1.3 Libertarians

4.2 Vice-Presidential results

5 See also 6 Notes 7 References 8 External links

Timing[edit] New Hampshire
New Hampshire
state law[5] stipulates that the presidential primary shall be on the second Tuesday in March (the date when town meetings and non-partisan municipal elections are traditionally held), but that the Secretary of State can change the date to ensure that the New Hampshire primary will take place at least seven days before any "similar election" in any other state. The Iowa caucuses
Iowa caucuses
are not considered to be a similar election. In recent election cycles, the New Hampshire
New Hampshire
primary has taken place the week after the Iowa caucus. The community of Dixville Notch traditionally opens its polling place in the ballroom of The Balsams Grand Resort Hotel
The Balsams Grand Resort Hotel
at midnight, usually in front of a crowd of journalists, where the village's handful of voters cast their ballots before the polls close about less than ten minutes later.[6] This has led many presidential candidates to visit the area before the New Hampshire
New Hampshire
primary in hopes of securing an early-morning boost.[7] New Hampshire's first-in-the-nation primary status was threatened in 2007, when both the Republican and Democratic National Committees moved to give more populous states a bigger influence in the presidential race.[8] Several states also sought to move up the dates of their 2008 primaries in order to have more influence and dilute the power of the New Hampshire
New Hampshire
primary.[9] Originally held in March, the date of the New Hampshire
New Hampshire
primary has been moved up repeatedly to maintain its status as first. The 2008 primary was held on January 8. Significance[edit] There is consensus among scholars and pundits that the New Hampshire primary, because of the timing and the vast media attention, can have a great impact and may even make, break or revive a candidate.[10] Controlling for other factors statistically, a win in New Hampshire increases a candidate's share of the final primary count in all states by 27 percentage points.[11] Since 1977, New Hampshire
New Hampshire
has fought hard to keep its timing as the first primary (while Iowa has the first caucus a few days sooner). State law requires that its primary must be the first in the nation (it had been the first by tradition since 1920).[12] As a result, the state has moved its primary earlier in the year to remain the first. The primary was held on the following dates: 1952-1968, second Tuesday in March; 1972, first Tuesday in March; 1976–1984, fourth Tuesday in February; 1988–1996, third Tuesday in February; 2000, first Tuesday in February (February 1); 2004, fourth Tuesday in January (January 27). The shifts have been to compete with changing primary dates in other states. The primary dates for 2008 (January 8) and 2012 (January 10) continued the trend - they were held the second Tuesday in January both years. Before the Iowa caucus
Iowa caucus
first received national attention in the 1970s (Republicans began caucusing in Iowa in 1976), the New Hampshire primary was the first binding indication of which presidential candidate would receive the party nomination. In defense of their primary, voters of New Hampshire
New Hampshire
have tended to downplay the importance of the Iowa caucus. "The people of Iowa pick corn, the people of New Hampshire
New Hampshire
pick presidents," said then-Governor John H. Sununu in 1988.[13] Since then, the primary has been considered an early measurement of the national attitude toward the candidates for nomination. Unlike a caucus, the primary measures the number of votes each candidate received directly, rather than through precinct delegates. The popular vote gives lesser-known candidates a chance to demonstrate their appeal to the electorate at large. Unlike most other states, New Hampshire
New Hampshire
permits voters who have not declared their party affiliation to vote in a party's primary. A voter does have to officially join a specific political party before voting; however, the voter can change his or her affiliation back to "Undeclared" immediately after voting, and hence he or she only has to belong to a party for the few minutes it takes to fill out and cast a ballot. Voters who are already registered members of a political party cannot change their affiliation at the polling place; that can only be done before the checklist is closed several weeks prior to the election. New voters can, however, register at the polling place.[4] All voting is done with paper ballots; however, most of the paper ballots are counted by machine. New Hampshire's status as the first in the nation is somewhat controversial among Democrats because the ethnic makeup of the state is not diverse and not representative of the country's voters.[14] This is shown in the 2010 Census data, with the percentage of minority residents being nearly five times smaller than the national average ( New Hampshire
New Hampshire
is 92% non-Hispanic white, versus 64% nationally).[15] Politically however, the state does offer a wide sampling of different types of voters. Although it is a New England
New England
state, it is not as liberal as some of its neighbors. For example, according to one exit poll, of those who participated in the 2004 Democratic primary, 4-in-10 voters were independents, and just over 50% said they considered themselves "liberal". Additionally, as of 2002, 25.6% of New Hampshire
New Hampshire
residents are registered Democrats and 36.7% are Republicans, with 37.7% of New Hampshire
New Hampshire
voters registered as "undeclared" independents. Also, New Hampshire
New Hampshire
was the only state in the Northeast to vote for George W. Bush
George W. Bush
in 2000. This plurality of independents is a major reason why New Hampshire
New Hampshire
is considered a swing state in general U.S. presidential elections. Recently, media expectations for the New Hampshire
New Hampshire
primary have come to be almost as important as the results themselves; meeting or beating expectations can provide a candidate with national attention, often leading to an infusion of donations to a campaign that has spent most of its reserves. For example, in 1992, Bill Clinton, although he did not win, did surprisingly well, with his team dubbing him the "Comeback Kid"; the extra media attention helped his campaign's visibility in later primaries.[16] New Hampshire's political importance as the first-in-the-nation primary state is highlighted in the documentary film Winning New Hampshire. The film focuses on John Kerry's comeback in 2004 and the decisive effect of the New Hampshire
New Hampshire
primary on the presidential selection process. The three most recent presidential election winners (Bill Clinton, George W. Bush
George W. Bush
and Barack Obama) finished second in the New Hampshire primary before later being elected to the presidency, while the previous four before that won the New Hampshire
New Hampshire
primary. History[edit] New Hampshire
New Hampshire
has held a presidential primary since 1916, but it did not begin to assume its current importance until 1952. This was after the state simplified its ballot access laws in 1949 seeking to boost voter turnout. Dwight D. Eisenhower
Dwight D. Eisenhower
demonstrated his broad voter appeal by defeating Robert A. Taft, "Mr. Republican", who had been favored for the nomination, and Estes Kefauver
Estes Kefauver
defeated incumbent President Harry S. Truman, leading Truman to abandon his campaign for a second term of his own. The other president to be forced out of the running for re-election by New Hampshire
New Hampshire
voters was Lyndon Johnson, who, as a write-in candidate, managed only a 49-42 percent victory over Eugene McCarthy in 1968 (and won fewer delegates than McCarthy), and consequently withdrew from the race.[17] The winner in New Hampshire
New Hampshire
has not always gone on to win their party's nomination, as demonstrated by Republicans Leonard Wood
Leonard Wood
in 1920, Harold Stassen
Harold Stassen
in 1948[citation needed], Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr. as a write-in candidate in 1964, Pat Buchanan
Pat Buchanan
in 1996, and John McCain in 2000, and Democrats Estes Kefauver
Estes Kefauver
in 1952 and 1956, Paul Tsongas in 1992, Hillary Clinton
Hillary Clinton
in 2008, and Bernie Sanders
Bernie Sanders
in 2016..[citation needed] From 1952 to 1988, the person elected president had always carried the primary, but Bill Clinton
Bill Clinton
broke the pattern in 1992, as did George W. Bush in 2000, and Barack Obama
Barack Obama
in 2008. In 1992, Clinton lost to Paul Tsongas in New Hampshire; in 2000, George W. Bush
George W. Bush
lost to John McCain in New Hampshire; and in 2008 Barack Obama
Barack Obama
lost to Hillary Clinton
Hillary Clinton
in the New Hampshire
New Hampshire
primary.[citation needed] 1968[edit] In November 1967, McCarthy declared, "there comes a time when an honorable man simply has to raise the flag" to gauge the country's response and conduct a candidacy for the presidency of the United States by entering the New Hampshire
New Hampshire
Democratic primary. On March 12, 1968, McCarthy, who was the only candidate on the ballot, came within 7 percentage points of defeating President Lyndon Johnson, a write-in candidate who was technically still exploring his candidacy and had not bothered to file. Just a few days later, on March 16, 1968, Robert F. Kennedy announced he was entering the race for President. Johnson subsequently withdrew from the election with this Shermanesque statement: "I shall not seek, and will not accept, the nomination of my party for another term as your president."[citation needed] One minor candidate in the Republican primary was William W. Evans, Jr., a former New Jersey State Assemblyman, who received just 151 votes statewide.[18] The 1968 New Hampshire
New Hampshire
Democratic primary was one of the crucial events in the politics of that landmark year in United States history. Senator Eugene McCarthy began his campaign with a poem that he wrote in imitation of the poet Robert Lowell, "Are you running with me Jesus":

I'm not matching my stride With Billy Graham's by the Clyde I'm not going for distance With the Senator's persistence I'm not trying to win a race even at George Romney's pace. I'm an existential runner, Indifferent to space I'm running here in place ... Are you with me Jesus?[19]

1992[edit] Bill Clinton
Bill Clinton
was able to declare himself the "Comeback Kid" after posting a surprise second-place finish behind Paul Tsongas
Paul Tsongas
in the Democratic primary. Clinton's support had been flagging for weeks since being hit by allegations of infidelity with actress Gennifer Flowers. On the Republican side, Pat Buchanan
Pat Buchanan
garnered an unexpected 37% showing behind incumbent President George H. W. Bush. Buchanan did not win a single state, but revealed some doubts about the moderate president among conservative voters.[citation needed] 2000[edit] George W. Bush's campaign, which for months had dominated in polling, money and endorsements on the Republican side, suffered a blow when John McCain, who had been surging in late polls, ended up beating the governor in the Granite State by more than 18 points. The result forecast a tough two-man race for the GOP nomination, which would carry on until Super Tuesday
Super Tuesday
in March. Al Gore
Al Gore
helped himself with a narrow win in the Democratic primary, which somewhat assuaged his supporters' concerns about Bill Bradley's insurgent campaign.[citation needed] 2008[edit] Hillary Clinton
Hillary Clinton
managed an upset win over Barack Obama
Barack Obama
in New Hampshire, despite polls showing her as much as 13 points behind in the run-up to the vote.[20] The win helped Clinton get back some of the momentum she lost the week before when Obama carried the Iowa caucuses—though Obama did eventually win the Democratic nomination. John McCain
John McCain
won the Republican primary, sparking an unexpected comeback for the senator whose long-shot campaign had been written off as a lost cause months before.[citation needed] He went on to win the GOP nomination. 2016[edit] Bernie Sanders
Bernie Sanders
defeated Hillary Clinton
Hillary Clinton
by 22 points. Sanders claimed 151,584 votes in total, earning him 15 delegates, while Clinton managed 95,252 votes with 9 delegates.[21] Together with Donald Trump's double-digit win in the GOP race, the primary results revealed voter frustrations with mainstream "establishment" politicians.[22] Winners and runners-up[edit] Presidential results[edit] Notes: Winner is listed first. Candidates in bold went on to win their party's nomination. Democrats[edit]

Primary date Winner Runners-up

February 9, 2016 Senator Bernie Sanders
Bernie Sanders
(60.40%) Former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton
Hillary Clinton
(37.95%)[23]

January 10, 2012 President Barack Obama
Barack Obama
(80.91%) No other candidate received 4%[24]

January 8, 2008 Senator Hillary Clinton
Hillary Clinton
(39.09%) Senator Barack Obama
Barack Obama
(36.45%), former Senator John Edwards
John Edwards
(16.93%), Governor Bill Richardson
Bill Richardson
(4.61%), Congressman Dennis Kucinich
Dennis Kucinich
(1.36%), Senator Joe Biden
Joe Biden
(0.22%), Governor Mitt Romney
Mitt Romney
(0.21%), and former Senator Mike Gravel
Mike Gravel
(0.14%)[25]

January 27, 2004 Senator John Kerry
John Kerry
(38.39%) Former Governor Howard B. Dean III (26.28%), General Wesley K. Clark (12.43%), Senator John Edwards
John Edwards
(12.05%), Senator Joseph I. Lieberman (8.60%), Congressman Dennis J. Kucinich (1.42%), Congressman Dick Gephardt (0.19%) and Reverend Al Sharpton
Al Sharpton
(0.16%)[26]

February 1, 2000 Vice President Al Gore
Al Gore
(49.74%) Former Senator Bill Bradley
Bill Bradley
(45.60%)[27]

February 20, 1996 President Bill Clinton
Bill Clinton
(84.37%) The next closest candidate was write-in choice Republican Patrick J. "Pat" Buchanan (3.68%)[28]

February 18, 1992 Senator Paul Tsongas
Paul Tsongas
(33.20%) Governor Bill Clinton
Bill Clinton
(24.78%), Senator Bob Kerrey
Bob Kerrey
(11.08%), Senator Tom Harkin
Tom Harkin
(10.18%), former Governor Jerry Brown
Jerry Brown
(8.15%)[29]

February 16, 1988 Governor Michael Dukakis
Michael Dukakis
(35.89%) Congressman Richard A. "Dick" Gephardt (19.94%), Senator Paul Simon (17.16%), Reverend Jesse L. Jackson (7.82%), Senator Al Gore
Al Gore
(6.83%), Governor Bruce Babbitt
Bruce Babbitt
(4.59%), and former Senator Gary Hart (3.98%)[30]

February 28, 1984 Senator Gary Hart
Gary Hart
(39.28%) Former Vice President Walter Mondale
Walter Mondale
(29.35%), Senator John Glenn (12.49%), Reverend Jesse L. Jackson (5.53%), former Senator George McGovern (5.43%), President Ronald Reagan
Ronald Reagan
(5.27%), and Senator Ernest "Fritz" Hollings (3.73%)[31]

February 26, 1980 President Jimmy Carter
Jimmy Carter
(47.61%) Senator Edward Kennedy (37.69%) and Governor Jerry Brown
Jerry Brown
(9.68%)[32]

February 24, 1976 Governor Jimmy Carter
Jimmy Carter
(28.57%) Congressman Mo Udall
Mo Udall
(22.87%), Senator Birch Bayh
Birch Bayh
(15.29%), former Senator Fred R. Harris
Fred R. Harris
(10.83%), and former Ambassador R. Sargent Shriver (8.24%)[33]

March 7, 1972 Senator Edmund Muskie
Edmund Muskie
(46.40%) Senator George McGovern
George McGovern
(37.15%), Mayor Samuel William Yorty (6.078%), Congressman Wilbur Mills
Wilbur Mills
(4.01%) and Senator Vance Hartke
Vance Hartke
(2.72%)[34]

March 12, 1968 President Lyndon B. Johnson
Lyndon B. Johnson
(49.80%) Senator Eugene McCarthy (42.10%), former Vice President Richard Nixon (4.58%)[35]

March 10, 1964 President Lyndon B. Johnson
Lyndon B. Johnson
(95.26%) Only Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy
Robert F. Kennedy
(1.58%) received more than 1% of the vote.[36]

March 8, 1960 Senator John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
(85.21%) Businessman Paul C. Fisher
Paul C. Fisher
(13.46%)[37]

March 13, 1956 Senator Estes Kefauver
Estes Kefauver
(84.61%) Former Governor Adlai Stevenson (14.84%)[38]

March 11, 1952 Senator Estes Kefauver
Estes Kefauver
(54.62%) President Harry S. Truman
Harry S. Truman
(43.93%)[39]

1948: All delegates elected (except for one alternate) were pledged to President Harry Truman[40] 1944: All delegates elected were pledged to President Franklin D. Roosevelt[41] 1940: All delegates and alternates were pledged to President Roosevelt[42] 1936: All delegates and alternates elected were pledged to President Roosevelt[43] 1932: All delegates and alternates elected were pledged to Governor Franklin D. Roosevelt[44] 1928: All delegate candidates ran unpledged[45] 1924: All delegate candidates ran unpledged[46] 1920: Of the eight delegates elected three were pledged to former U.S. Food Administrator Herbert Hoover; the rest were unpledged[47] 1916: Six of the eight delegates elected were pledged to President Woodrow Wilson, the other two were unpledged[48]

* - write-in candidate Republicans[edit]

Primary date Winner Runners-Up

February 9, 2016 Donald Trump
Donald Trump
(35.34%) Governor John Kasich
John Kasich
(15.81%), Senator Ted Cruz
Ted Cruz
(11.68%), former Governor Jeb Bush
Jeb Bush
(11.02%), Senator Marco Rubio
Marco Rubio
(10.57%), Governor Chris Christie
Chris Christie
(7.42%), businesswoman Carly Fiorina
Carly Fiorina
(4.12%), retired neurosurgeon Ben Carson
Ben Carson
(2.29%), former Governor Jim Gilmore
Jim Gilmore
(0.05%)

January 10, 2012 Former Governor Mitt Romney
Mitt Romney
(39.26%) Congressman Ron Paul
Ron Paul
(22.89%), Governor Jon Huntsman (16.89%), Senator Rick Santorum
Rick Santorum
(9.43%), former Speaker Newt Gingrich
Newt Gingrich
(9.43%), Governor Rick Perry
Rick Perry
(0.71%)[49]

January 8, 2008 Senator John McCain
John McCain
(37.00%) Former Governor Mitt Romney
Mitt Romney
(31.55%), former Governor Mike Huckabee (11.23%), former Mayor Rudy Giuliani
Rudy Giuliani
(8.48%), Congressman Ron Paul (7.65%), former Senator Fred Thompson
Fred Thompson
(1.23%), Senator Barack Obama (0.83%), Senator Hillary Clinton
Hillary Clinton
(0.76%), Congressman Duncan Hunter (0.50%)[50]

January 27, 2004 President George W. Bush
George W. Bush
(80.96%) No other candidate received 5%[51]

February 1, 2000 Senator John McCain
John McCain
(48.59%) Governor George W. Bush
George W. Bush
(30.39%), Malcolm S. "Steve" Forbes, Jr. (12.68%) and former Ambassador Alan Keyes
Alan Keyes
(6.38%)[52]

February 20, 1996 Pat Buchanan
Pat Buchanan
(27.26%) Senator Bob Dole
Bob Dole
(26.23%), Governor A. Lamar Alexander
Lamar Alexander
(22.60%), Steve Forbes (12.24%), Senator Richard G. "Dick" Lugar (5.19%), former Ambassador Alan Keyes
Alan Keyes
(2.67%) and Morry Taylor (1.4%)[53]

February 18, 1992 President George H. W. Bush
George H. W. Bush
(53.19%) Patrick J. "Pat" Buchanan (37.53%)[29]

February 16, 1988 Vice President George H. W. Bush
George H. W. Bush
(37.70%) Senator Bob Dole
Bob Dole
(28.48%), Congressman Jack F. Kemp, Jr. (12.79%), former Governor Pierre S. "Pete" du Pont IV (10.10%), and Reverend Marion G. "Pat" Robertson (9.40%)[54]

February 28, 1984 President Ronald Reagan
Ronald Reagan
(86.42%) Only Democrat Gary Hart
Gary Hart
(5.27%) and former Governor Harold E. Stassen (2.06%) also polled more than 2%[31]

February 26, 1980 Former Governor Ronald Reagan
Ronald Reagan
(49.86%) Ambassador George H. W. Bush
George H. W. Bush
(22.94%), Senator Howard H. Baker, Jr. (12.98%), Congressman John B. Anderson
John B. Anderson
(9.91%), Congressman Philip M. "Phil" Crane (1.80%), Governor John B. Connally (1.54%) and Senator Bob Dole
Bob Dole
(0.42%)[32]

February 24, 1976 President Gerald R. Ford (50.06%) Former Governor Ronald Reagan
Ronald Reagan
(48.62%)[33]

March 7, 1972 President Richard Nixon
Richard Nixon
(67.61%) Congressman Paul N. "Pete" McCloskey, Jr. (19.79%) and Congressman John M. Ashbrook
John M. Ashbrook
(9.69%)[55]

March 12, 1968 Former Vice President Richard Nixon
Richard Nixon
(77.61%) Governor Nelson Rockefeller
Nelson Rockefeller
(10.82%), Senator Eugene McCarthy (5.30%), President Lyndon B. Johnson
Lyndon B. Johnson
(1.71%), Governor George Romney (1.68%)[56]

March 10, 1964 Ambassador Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr.* (35.54%) Senator Barry M. Goldwater (22.28%), Governor Nelson A. Rockefeller (21.99%), and former Vice President Richard Nixon
Richard Nixon
(16.78%)[57]

March 8, 1960 Vice President Richard Nixon
Richard Nixon
(89.28%) The next highest candidate was Governor Nelson Rockefeller
Nelson Rockefeller
(3.76%)[58]

March 13, 1956 President Dwight D. Eisenhower
Dwight D. Eisenhower
(94.11%) Of the more than 57,000 GOP votes cast only 600 were not for Eisenhower[59]

March 11, 1952 General Dwight D. Eisenhower
Dwight D. Eisenhower
(56.31%) Senator Robert A. Taft
Robert A. Taft
(31,18%), former Governor Harold E. Stassen (7.93%) and General Douglas MacArthur
Douglas MacArthur
(3.89%)[60]

* - write-in candidate

1948: Of the eight delegates elected, two were pledged to Governor Thomas E. Dewey, the remainder were unpledged; four of the alternate delegates were also pledged to Governor Dewey[61] 1944: Two of the 11 delegates elected were pledged to Governor Dewey, the rest were unpledged[62] 1940: All eight delegates elected (and all alternates) were unpledged[63] 1936: All delegates and alternates were unpledged[64] 1932: All delegates and alternates elected were pledged to President Herbert Hoover[44] 1928: All delegate candidates ran unpledged[45] 1924: All delegate candidates ran unpledged[65] 1920: All eight elected delegates were pledged to General Leonard Wood; one of the defeated delegates had been pledged to Governor Hiram Johnson[47] 1916: Of the eight delegates elected only one was formally pledged (to former President Theodore Roosevelt)[66]

Libertarians[edit]

Primary date Winner Runners-Up

February 26, 1996 Investment analyst Harry Browne
Harry Browne
(35.00%) Tax protester Irwin Schiff
Irwin Schiff
(18.33%)[28]

February 18, 1992 Former Alaska state representative Andre Marrou
Andre Marrou
(100%) No other candidate received a vote[67]

Vice-Presidential results[edit] A Vice-Presidential preference primary was also formerly held at the New Hampshire
New Hampshire
primary. New Hampshire
New Hampshire
State Senator Jack Barnes, who won the 2008 Republican contest, co-sponsored a bill in 2009 which would eliminate the Vice Presidential preference ballot. The bill passed both houses of the state legislature and took effect in 2012.[68] The only time a non-incumbent won the Vice Presidential primary and then went on to be formally nominated by his or her party was in 2004, when Democratic U.S. Senator John Edwards
John Edwards
won as a write-in candidate. Edwards, who was running for President at the time, did not actively solicit Vice Presidential votes. In 1968, the sitting Vice President Hubert Humphrey
Hubert Humphrey
won the Democratic Vice Presidential primary, and then later won the Presidential nomination after the sitting President Lyndon B. Johnson
Lyndon B. Johnson
dropped out of the race. The following candidates received the greatest number of votes at each election.

Year Date Republican Democratic Libertarian

2008 January 8 John Barnes, Jr.[69] Raymond Stebbins[70]

2004 January 27 Dick Cheney* John Edwards*

2000 February 1 William Bryk Wladislav D. Kubiak

1996 February 20 Colin Powell* Al Gore* Irwin Schiff*

1992 February 18 Herb Clark Jr. Endicott Peabody Nancy Lord*

1988 February 16 Wayne Green David Duke

1984 February 28 George Bush* Gerald Willis

1980 February 26 Jesse A. Helms Walter Mondale*

1976 February 24 Wallace Johnson Auburn Lee Packwood

1972 March 7 Spiro Agnew* Jorge Almeyda*

1968 March 12 Austin Burton Hubert Humphrey*

1964 March 10 Richard Nixon* Robert Kennedy*

1960 March 8 Wesley Powell* Wesley Powell*

1956 March 13 Richard Nixon* Adlai Stevenson*

1952 March 11 Styles Bridges* Estes Kefauver*

* - write-in candidate Sources: New Hampshire
New Hampshire
Department of State, New Hampshire
New Hampshire
Political Library See also[edit]

United States presidential primary United States presidential election United States presidential election
United States presidential election
debates United States presidential nominating convention Electoral College (United States)

Early votes:

Ames Straw Poll, Iowa, on a Saturday in August prior to the election year, since 1979 Iowa caucuses, first official election-year event since 1972

Reform plans:

United States presidential primary
United States presidential primary
reform proposals Graduated Random Presidential Primary System Delaware Plan Rotating Regional Primary System Interregional Primary Plan National Primary

Notes[edit]

^ "Nominations & Conventions: Current Practices: Iowa and New Hampshire". U.S. Political Conventions & Campaigns. Northeastern University. Retrieved February 2, 2016. ^ Rainey, Ryan (April 18, 2013). "Choosing the Nominee: How PresidentialPrimaries Came To Be and Their Future in American Politics". ScholarWorks at WMU, Western Michigan University. ^ Richard M. Perloff, Political Communication: Politics, Press, and Public in America (1998) p. 294 ^ a b Secretary of State of New Hampshire
New Hampshire
(n.d.). "How to register to vote in New Hampshire". Election Division, Secretary of State of New Hampshire. Archived from the original on 2008-01-16. Retrieved 2008-01-14.  The term the state of New Hampshire
New Hampshire
uses for voters not affiliating with a party is "undeclared". See the section entitled "Political Parties" in the source. ^ "Section 653:9 Presidential Primary Election". Gencourt.state.nh.us. Retrieved 16 October 2017.  ^ "Two New Hampshire
New Hampshire
towns are fighting for the prestige of the 'midnight vote'". Washington Post. August 23, 2015. Retrieved February 24, 2016.  ^ "The effort to save New Hampshire's midnight vote". CNN. February 3, 2016. Retrieved February 24, 2016.  ^ "Election 2008: Presidential, Senate and House Races Updated Daily". Electoral-vote.com. 2000-12-31. Retrieved 2012-01-04.  ^ Scala 2003 ^ Rebecca B. Morton, Learning by Voting: Sequential Choices in Presidential Primaries and Other Elections (2001) p. 24 ^ William G. Mayer, The Making of the Presidential Candidates 2004 pp. 106-7 online ^ "CQ Politics - A History of U.S. Presidential Primaries: 1912-64". Cqpolitics.com. Archived from the original on 28 December 2007. Retrieved 16 October 2017.  ^ "Corn crack gets Gregg an earful". Retrieved 2008-01-06.  ^ Steven S. Smith, Reforming the Presidential Nomination Process (2009) p. 143 ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): New Hampshire". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved May 6, 2013.  ^ David A. Hopkins, Presidential Elections: Strategies and Structures of American Politics (12th ed. 2007) p. 108 ^ "NH.gov - New Hampshire
New Hampshire
Almanac - First-in-the-Nation - Highlights". State.nh.us. Retrieved 2012-01-04.  ^ Richardson, Darcy G. A Nation Divided: The 1968 Presidential Campaign.  ^ Society on the Run: A European View of Life Werner Peters page xi contribution by Senator Eugene McCarthy ^ RealClearPolitics - Election 2008 - New Hampshire
New Hampshire
Democratic Primary. Retrieved 2016-02-12. ^ "2016 full New Hampshire
New Hampshire
presidential primary election results". WMUR. Retrieved 2016-02-18.  ^ Healy, Patrick; Martin, Jonathan (February 9, 2016). "Donald Trump and Bernie Sanders
Bernie Sanders
Win in New Hampshire
New Hampshire
Primary". The New York Times. Retrieved February 12, 2016.  ^ " New Hampshire
New Hampshire
presidential primary". Associated Press. February 9, 2016. Retrieved February 11, 2016.  ^ State of New Hampshire
New Hampshire
(2013). "Presidential Primary, 2012". New Hampshire Secretary of State. p. 182. Retrieved February 3, 2016.  ^ State of New Hampshire
New Hampshire
(2009). "Presidential Primary, 2008". Manual for the General Court. New Hampshire
New Hampshire
Secretary of State. p. 182. Retrieved February 2, 2016.  ^ State of New Hampshire
New Hampshire
(2005). "Presidential Primary, 2004". Manual for the General Court. New Hampshire
New Hampshire
Secretary of State. p. 170. Retrieved February 3, 2016.  ^ State of New Hampshire
New Hampshire
(2001). "Presidential Primary, 2000". Manual for the General Court. New Hampshire
New Hampshire
Secretary of State. p. 182. Retrieved February 3, 2016.  ^ a b State of New Hampshire
New Hampshire
(1997). "Presidential Primary, 1996". Manual for the General Court. New Hampshire
New Hampshire
Secretary of State. p. 184. Retrieved February 3, 2016.  ^ a b State of New Hampshire
New Hampshire
(1993). "Presidential Primary, 1992". Manual for the General Court. New Hampshire
New Hampshire
Secretary of State. pp. 134–135. Retrieved February 5, 2016.  ^ State of New Hampshire
New Hampshire
(1989). "Presidential Primary, 1988". Manual for the General Court. New Hampshire
New Hampshire
Secretary of State. pp. 132–133. Retrieved February 3, 2016.  ^ a b State of New Hampshire
New Hampshire
(1985). "Presidential Primary, 1984". Manual for the General Court. New Hampshire
New Hampshire
Secretary of State. p. 54. Retrieved February 3, 2016.  ^ a b State of New Hampshire
New Hampshire
(1981). "Presidential Primary, 1980". Manual for the General Court. New Hampshire
New Hampshire
Secretary of State. p. 42. Retrieved December 10, 2015.  ^ a b State of New Hampshire
New Hampshire
(1977). "Presidential Primary, 1976". Manual for the General Court. New Hampshire
New Hampshire
Secretary of State. pp. 300–302. Retrieved January 29, 2016.  ^ State of New Hampshire
New Hampshire
(1973). "Presidential Primary, 1972". Manual for the General Court. New Hampshire
New Hampshire
Secretary of State. pp. 328–329. Retrieved January 31, 2016.  ^ State of New Hampshire
New Hampshire
(1969). "Presidential Primary, 1968". Manual for the General Court. New Hampshire
New Hampshire
Secretary of State. p. 441. Retrieved January 31, 2016.  ^ State of New Hampshire
New Hampshire
(1965). "Presidential Primary, 1964". Manual for the General Court. New Hampshire
New Hampshire
Secretary of State. p. 428. Retrieved February 1, 2016.  ^ State of New Hampshire
New Hampshire
(1961). "Presidential Primary, 1960". New Hampshire Secretary of State. p. 382. Retrieved February 3, 2016.  ^ State of New Hampshire
New Hampshire
(1957). "Presidential Primary, 1956". New Hampshire Secretary of State. p. 421. Retrieved February 3, 2016.  ^ State of New Hampshire
New Hampshire
(1953). "Presidential Primary, 1952". Manual of the General Court. p. 426publisher= New Hampshire
New Hampshire
Secretary of State. Retrieved February 3, 2016.  ^ State of New Hampshire
New Hampshire
(1949). "Presidential Primary, 1948". Manual for the General Court. New Hampshire
New Hampshire
Secretary of State. pp. 339–341. Retrieved February 3, 2016.  ^ State of New York (1945). "Presidential Primary, 1944". Manual for the General Court. New Hampshire
New Hampshire
Secretary of State. pp. 320–321. Retrieved February 3, 2016.  ^ State of New Hampshire
New Hampshire
(1941). "Presidential Primary, 1940". Manual for the General Court. New Hampshire
New Hampshire
Secretary of State. pp. 235–236. Retrieved February 3, 2016.  ^ State of New Hampshire
New Hampshire
(1937). "Presidential Primary, 1936". Manual for the General Court. New Hampshire
New Hampshire
Secretary of State. pp. 93–95. Retrieved February 4, 2016.  ^ a b State of New Hampshire
New Hampshire
(1933). "Primary Election, 1932". Manual for the General Court. New Hampshire
New Hampshire
Secretary of State. pp. 92–93. Retrieved February 4, 2016.  ^ a b State of New Hampshire
New Hampshire
(1928). "Presidential Primary, 1928". Manual for the General Court. New Hampshire
New Hampshire
Secretary of State. pp. 198–199. Retrieved February 4, 2016.  ^ Stte of New Hampshire
New Hampshire
(1925). "Presidential Primary of 1924". Manual for the General Court. New Hampshire
New Hampshire
Secretary of State. pp. 98–99. Retrieved February 4, 2016.  ^ a b State of New Hampshire
New Hampshire
(1921). "Presidential Primary, 1920". Manual for the General Court. New Hampshire
New Hampshire
Secretary of State. p. 79. Retrieved February 4, 2016.  ^ State of New Hampshire
New Hampshire
(1917). "Presidential Primary 1916". Manual for the General Court. New Hampshire
New Hampshire
Secretary of State. p. 256. Retrieved February 4, 2016.  ^ State of New Hampshire
New Hampshire
(2013). "Presidential Primary, 2012". New Hampshire Secretary of State. pp. 187–188. Retrieved February 1, 2016.  ^ State of New Hampshire
New Hampshire
(2009). "Presidential Primary, 2008". New Hampshire Secretary of State. pp. 181–182. Retrieved February 2, 2016.  ^ State of New Hampshire
New Hampshire
(2005). "Presidential Primary, 2004". New Hampshire Secretary of State. pp. 169–170. Retrieved February 3, 2016.  ^ State of New Hampshire
New Hampshire
(2001). "Presidential Primary, 2000". Manual for the General Court. New Hampshire
New Hampshire
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(1997). "Presidential Primary, 1996". Manual for the General Court. New Hampshire
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New Hampshire
(1989). "Presidential Primary, 1988". Manual for the General Court. New Hampshire
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New Hampshire
(1973). "Presidential Primary, 1972". Manual for the General Court. New Hampshire
New Hampshire
Secretary of State. pp. 306–307. Retrieved January 31, 2016.  ^ State of New Hampshire
New Hampshire
(1969). "Manual for the Genera Court". New Hampshire Secretary of State. pp. 318–319. Retrieved January 31, 2016.  ^ State of New Hampshire
New Hampshire
(1965). "Presidential Primary, 1964". Manual for the General Court. New Hampshire
New Hampshire
Secretary of State. p. 284. Retrieved February 1, 2016.  ^ State of New Hampshire
New Hampshire
(1961). "Presidential Primary, 1960". New Hampshire Secretary of State. p. 284. Retrieved February 3, 2016.  ^ State of New Hampshire. "Presidential Primaries, 1956". Manual for the General Court. New Hampshire
New Hampshire
Secretary of State. p. 323. Retrieved February 3, 2016.  ^ State of New Hampshire
New Hampshire
(1953). "Presidential Primary, 1952". Manual for the General Court. New Hampshire
New Hampshire
Secretary of State. p. 307. Retrieved February 3, 2016.  ^ State of New Hampshire
New Hampshire
(1949). "Presidential Primary, 1948". Manual for the General Court. New Hampshire
New Hampshire
Secretary of State. pp. 338–339. Retrieved February 3, 2016.  ^ State of New York (1945). "Presidential Primary, 1944". Manual for the General Court. New Hampshire
New Hampshire
Secretary of State. pp. 318–319. Retrieved February 3, 2016.  ^ State of New Hampshire
New Hampshire
(1941). "Presidential Primary, 1940". Manual for the General Court. New Hampshire
New Hampshire
Secretary of State. pp. 234–235. Retrieved February 3, 2016.  ^ State of New Hampshire
New Hampshire
(1937). "Presidential Primary, 1936". Manual for the General Court. New Hampshire
New Hampshire
Secretary of State. pp. 87–88. Retrieved February 4, 2016.  ^ "Presidential Primary of 1924". Manual for the General Court. New Hampshire Secretary of State. 1925. pp. 97–98. Retrieved February 4, 2016.  ^ State of New Hampshire
New Hampshire
(1917). "Presidential Primary 1916". Manual for the General Court. New Hampshire
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(1993). "Presidential Primary, 1992". Manual for the General Court. New Hampshire
New Hampshire
Secretary of State. p. 183. Retrieved February 5, 2016.  ^ "Bill_Status". Gencourt.state.nh.us. Retrieved 16 October 2017.  ^ "Presidential Primary Election January 8". Sos.nh.gov. 2008-01-08. Archived from the original on 2012-02-07. Retrieved 2012-01-04.  ^ "Presidential Primary Election January 8". Sos.nh.gov. 2008-01-08. Archived from the original on 2011-09-27. Retrieved 2012-01-04. 

References[edit]

New Hampshire
New Hampshire
presidential election statistics at CountingTheVotes.com Winning New Hampshire, a film on the history and significance of the NH Primary, 2004 The New Hampshire
New Hampshire
Political Library 2004 primary results (CNN) 2000 primary results (CNN) Meyerson, Harold (22 January 2004). "The Revenge of the Pols". Laweekly.com. Retrieved 16 October 2017.  Local coverage of the primary from The Telegraph of Nashua, NH. Local coverage of the primary from The Keene Sentinel of Keene, NH. Social Media coverage of the New Hampshire
New Hampshire
by the Creepy Sleepy podcast Radio Row Coverage of the New Hampshire
New Hampshire
Primary by the Talk
Talk
Radio News Service and Ellen Ratner Germond, Jack. "A Cold, Hard Look", Washingtonian, January 1, 2008. Retrieved on 2008-01-09.

External links[edit]

Booknotes interview with Dayton Duncan on Grass Roots: One Year in the Life of the New Hampshire
New Hampshire
Presidential Primary, March 31, 1991

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