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New Hampshire
Hampshire
is a state in the New England
New England
region of the northeastern United States. It is bordered by Massachusetts
Massachusetts
to the south, Vermont to the west, Maine
Maine
and the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
to the east, and the Canadian province
Canadian province
of Quebec
Quebec
to the north. New Hampshire
Hampshire
is the 5th smallest by land area and the 10th least populous of the 50 states. In January 1776, it became the first of the British North American colonies to establish a government independent of the Kingdom of Great Britain's authority, and it was the first to establish its own state constitution. Six months later, it became one of the original 13 states that founded the United States
United States
of America, and in June 1788 it was the ninth state to ratify the Constitution, bringing that document into effect. Concord is the state capital, while Manchester is the largest city in the state. It has no general sales tax, nor is personal income (other than interest and dividends) taxed at either the state or local level. The New Hampshire primary
New Hampshire primary
is the first primary in the U.S. presidential election cycle. Its license plates carry the state motto, "Live Free or Die". The state's nickname, "The Granite
Granite
State", refers to its extensive granite formations and quarries.[14] Among prominent individuals from New Hampshire
Hampshire
are founding father Nicholas Gilman, Senator Daniel Webster, Revolutionary War hero John Stark, editor Horace Greeley, founder of the Christian Science religion Mary Baker Eddy, poet Robert Frost, astronaut Alan Shepard, rock musician Ronnie James Dio, author Dan Brown, actor Adam Sandler, inventor Dean Kamen, comedians Sarah Silverman
Sarah Silverman
and Seth Meyers, restaurateurs Richard and Maurice McDonald, and President of the United States
United States
Franklin Pierce. With some of the largest ski mountains on the East Coast, New Hampshire's major recreational attractions include skiing, snowmobiling, and other winter sports, hiking and mountaineering, observing the fall foliage, summer cottages along many lakes and the seacoast, motor sports at the New Hampshire
Hampshire
Motor Speedway, and Motorcycle Week, a popular motorcycle rally held in Weirs Beach near Laconia in June. The White Mountain National Forest
White Mountain National Forest
links the Vermont and Maine
Maine
portions of the Appalachian Trail, and has the Mount Washington Auto Road, where visitors may drive to the top of 6,288-foot (1,917 m) Mount Washington.

Contents

1 Etymology 2 Geography

2.1 Climate 2.2 Metropolitan areas

3 History 4 Demographics

4.1 Population 4.2 Birth data 4.3 Religion

5 Economy 6 Law and government

6.1 Governing documents 6.2 Branches of government 6.3 Local government 6.4 Politics

6.4.1 New Hampshire
Hampshire
primary 6.4.2 Election results 6.4.3 Free State Project

7 Transportation

7.1 Highways 7.2 Air 7.3 Public transportation 7.4 Freight railways

8 Education

8.1 High schools 8.2 Colleges and universities

9 Media

9.1 Daily newspapers 9.2 Other publications 9.3 Radio stations 9.4 Television stations

10 Sports 11 Culture

11.1 In fiction

11.1.1 Comics 11.1.2 Film 11.1.3 Literature 11.1.4 Television

12 Notable residents or natives 13 New Hampshire
Hampshire
firsts 14 See also 15 References 16 Further reading 17 External links

Etymology[edit] The state was named after the southern English county of Hampshire
Hampshire
by Captain John Mason.[15] Geography[edit]

New Hampshire, showing roads, rivers and major cities

Shaded relief map of New Hampshire

Mount Adams (5,774 ft or 1,760 m) is part of New Hampshire's Presidential Range.

Lake Winnipesaukee
Lake Winnipesaukee
and the Ossipee Mountains

See also: List of counties in New Hampshire, List of mountains in New Hampshire, List of lakes in New Hampshire, List of rivers in New Hampshire, and Geology of New Hampshire New Hampshire
Hampshire
is part of the New England
New England
region. It is bounded by Quebec, Canada, to the north and northwest; Maine
Maine
and the Atlantic Ocean to the east; Massachusetts
Massachusetts
to the south; and Vermont
Vermont
to the west. New Hampshire's major regions are the Great North Woods, the White Mountains, the Lakes Region, the Seacoast, the Merrimack Valley, the Monadnock
Monadnock
Region, and the Dartmouth-Lake Sunapee area. New Hampshire
Hampshire
has the shortest ocean coastline of any U.S. coastal state, with a length of 18 miles (29 km),[16] sometimes measured as only 13 miles (21 km).[17] New Hampshire
Hampshire
was home to the rock formation called the Old Man of the Mountain, a face-like profile in Franconia Notch, until the formation disintegrated in May 2003. The White Mountains range in New Hampshire
Hampshire
spans the north-central portion of the state, with Mount Washington the tallest in the northeastern U.S. – site of the second-highest wind speed ever recorded[18] – and other mountains like Mount Madison
Mount Madison
and Mount Adams surrounding it. With hurricane-force winds every third day on average, over 100 recorded deaths among visitors, and conspicuous krumholtz (dwarf, matted trees much like a carpet of bonsai trees), the climate on the upper reaches of Mount Washington has inspired the weather observatory on the peak to claim that the area has the "World's Worst Weather".[19] In the flatter southwest corner of New Hampshire, the landmark Mount Monadnock
Monadnock
has given its name to a class of earth-forms – a monadnock – signifying, in geomorphology, any isolated resistant peak rising from a less resistant eroded plain. Major rivers include the 110-mile (177 km) Merrimack River, which bisects the lower half of the state north–south and ends up in Newburyport, Massachusetts. Its tributaries include the Contoocook River, Pemigewasset River, and Winnipesaukee River. The 410-mile (660 km) Connecticut
Connecticut
River, which starts at New Hampshire's Connecticut Lakes
Connecticut Lakes
and flows south to Connecticut, defines the western border with Vermont. The state border is not in the center of that river, as is usually the case, but at the low-water mark on the Vermont
Vermont
side; meaning that the entire river along the Vermont
Vermont
border (save for areas where the water level has been raised by a dam) lies within New Hampshire.[20] Only one town – Pittsburg – shares a land border with the state of Vermont. The "northwesternmost headwaters" of the Connecticut
Connecticut
also define the Canada–U.S. border. The Piscataqua River
Piscataqua River
and its several tributaries form the state's only significant ocean port where they flow into the Atlantic at Portsmouth. The Salmon Falls River
Salmon Falls River
and the Piscataqua define the southern portion of the border with Maine. The Piscataqua River boundary was the subject of a border dispute between New Hampshire
Hampshire
and Maine
Maine
in 2001, with New Hampshire
Hampshire
claiming dominion over several islands (primarily Seavey's Island) that include the Portsmouth Naval Shipyard. The U.S. Supreme Court dismissed the case in 2002, leaving ownership of the island with Maine. New Hampshire
Hampshire
still claims sovereignty of the base, however.[21] The largest of New Hampshire's lakes is Lake Winnipesaukee, which covers 71 square miles (184 km2) in the east-central part of New Hampshire. Umbagog Lake
Umbagog Lake
along the Maine
Maine
border, approximately 12.3 square miles (31.9 km2), is a distant second. Squam Lake
Squam Lake
is the second largest lake entirely in New Hampshire. New Hampshire
Hampshire
has the shortest ocean coastline of any state in the United States, approximately 18 miles (29 km) long.[22] Hampton Beach is a popular local summer destination. About 7 miles (11 km) offshore are the Isles of Shoals, nine small islands (four of which are in New Hampshire) known as the site of a 19th-century art colony founded by poet Celia Thaxter, and the alleged location of one of the buried treasures of the pirate Blackbeard. It is the state with the highest percentage of timberland area in the country.[23] New Hampshire
Hampshire
is in the temperate broadleaf and mixed forests biome. Much of the state, in particular the White Mountains, is covered by the conifers and northern hardwoods of the New England-Acadian forests. The southeast corner of the state and parts of the Connecticut River
Connecticut River
along the Vermont
Vermont
border are covered by the mixed oaks of the Northeastern coastal forests.[24] The northern third of the state is locally referred to as the "north country" or "north of the notches," in reference to White Mountain passes that channel traffic. It contains less than 5% of the state's population, suffers relatively high poverty, and is steadily losing population as the logging and paper industries decline. However, the tourist industry, in particular visitors who go to northern New Hampshire
Hampshire
to ski, snowboard, hike and mountain bike, has helped offset economic losses from mill closures.

v t e

Rivers of New Hampshire

Androscoggin River
Androscoggin River
Watershed

Androscoggin River Chickwolnepy Stream Clear Stream Dead Diamond River Dead River East Branch Dead Diamond River Little Dead Diamond River Little Magalloway River Magalloway River Middle Branch Dead Diamond River Middle Branch Little Magalloway River Mollidgewock Brook Moose Brook Moose River Peabody River Rattle River South Branch Little Dead Diamond River Swift Diamond River West Branch Dead Diamond River West Branch Little Dead Diamond River West Branch Little Magalloway River West Branch Magalloway River West Branch Peabody River Wild River

Connecticut River
Connecticut River
Watershed

Ammonoosuc River Ashuelot River Blow-me-down Brook The Branch Cold River Connecticut
Connecticut
River East Branch Mohawk River Gale River Great Brook Halls Stream Ham Branch Indian River Indian Stream Israel River Johns River Knox River Little River Little Sugar River Mascoma River Millers River Mink Brook Mirey Brook Mohawk River Nash Stream North Branch Gale River North Branch Millers River North Branch Sugar River North Branch Upper Ammonoosuc River Oliverian Brook Otter Brook Partridge Brook Perry Stream Phillips Brook Simms Stream South Branch Ashuelot River South Branch Gale River South Branch Israel River South Branch Sugar River Stocker Brook Sugar River Tarbell Brook Upper Ammonoosuc River West Branch Mohawk River West Branch Upper Ammonoosuc River Wild Ammonoosuc River Zealand River

Merrimack River
Merrimack River
Watershed

Baboosic Brook Back River Baker River Bear Brook Beards Brook Beaver Brook Beebe River Big River Black Brook Blackwater River Cockermouth River Cohas Brook Contoocook River East Branch Baker River East Branch Pemigewasset River Fowler River Frazier Brook Gridley River Gunstock River Lane River Little Massabesic Brook-Sucker Brook Little River (Big River) Little River (Merrimack River) Little Suncook River Lost River Mad River Melvin River Merrimack River Merrymeeting River Middle Branch Piscataquog River Nashua River Newfound River Nissitissit River North Branch Contoocook River North Fork East Branch Pemigewasset River Nubanusit Brook Pemigewasset River Pennichuck Brook Piscataquog River Powwow River Purgatory Brook Red Hill River Salmon Brook Shedd Brook Smith River Soucook River Souhegan River South Branch Baker River South Branch Piscataquog River South Branch Souhegan River Spicket River Squam River Stony Brook Suncook River Tioga River Turkey River Warner River West Branch Mad River West Branch Souhegan River West Branch Warner River Winnipesaukee River

Piscataqua River/NH Atlantic Coast Watershed

Bean River Bellamy River Berrys River Blackwater River Branch River Browns River Bunker Creek Cochecho River Drakes River Ela River Exeter River Fresh River Hampton Falls River Hampton River Isinglass River Jones Brook Lamprey River Little River (New Hampshire
Hampshire
Atlantic coast) Little River (Brentwood) Little River (Exeter) Little River (Lamprey River) Mad River North Branch River North River Old River Oyster River Pawtuckaway River Piscassic River Piscataqua River Rattlesnake River Salmon Falls River Squamscott River Taylor River Winnicut River

Saco River
Saco River
Watershed

Bearcamp River Beech River Chocorua River Cold River (Bearcamp River) Cold River Cutler River Dan Hole River Deer River Dry River East Branch Saco River East Branch Whiteface River East Fork East Branch Saco River Ellis River Little Cold River Lovell River Mad River Middle Branch Mad River Mill Brook New River Ossipee River Pequawket Brook Pine River Rocky Branch Saco River Sawyer River Shepards River South Branch Mad River South River Swift River (Bearcamp River) Swift River (Saco River) West Branch Whiteface River Wildcat Brook Wonalancet River

v t e

Mountains of New Hampshire

Belknap Mountains

Belknap Mountain Gunstock Mountain Mount Major Mount Rowe

Ossipee Mountains

Bayle Mountain Larcom Mountain Mount Roberts Mount Shaw Mount Whittier Nickerson Mountain Turtleback Mountain

Wapack Range

Barrett Mountain Kidder Mountain New Ipswich Mountain North Pack Monadnock Pack Monadnock Pratt Mountain Temple Mountain

White Mountains

Baldface-Royce Range

Eastman Mountain Mount Meader North Baldface South Baldface

Carter-Moriah Range

Carter Dome Imp Mountain Middle Carter Mountain Middle Moriah Mountain Mount Hight Mount Moriah North Baldface North Carter Mountain Shelburne Moriah Mountain South Carter Mountain Wildcat Mountain

Crescent Range

Black Crescent Mountain Mount Crescent

Franconia Range

Little Haystack Mountain Mount Flume Mount Lafayette Mount Liberty Mount Lincoln

Kinsman Range

The Cannon Balls Cannon Mountain Kinsman Mountain

Mahoosuc Range

Mount Success North Bald Cap

Pilot Range

The Bulge The Horn Mount Cabot

Presidential Range

Boott Spur Mount Adams Mount Clay Mount Davis Mount Eisenhower Mount Franklin Mount Isolation Mount Jackson Mount Jefferson Mount Madison Mount Monroe Mount Pierce Mount Washington Mount Webster

Sandwich Range

Mount Chocorua Mount Passaconaway Mount Tripyramid Mount Whiteface Sandwich Mountain The Sleepers

Twin Range

Galehead Mountain Mount Bond Mount Guyot Mount Hale North Twin Mountain Nubble Peak South Twin Mountain Twin Mountains

Others (White Mtns.)

Bartlett Haystack Bear Mountain Black Cap Dartmouth Range Dickey Mountain East Peak Mount Osceola Jericho Mountain Kearsarge North Loon Mountain Mount Avalon Mount Blue Mount Carrigain Mount Cilley Mount Crawford Mount Doublehead Mount Field Mount Forest Mount Garfield Mount Hancock Mount Mitten Mount Moosilauke Mount Nancy Mount Osceola Mount Rosebrook Mount Starr King Mount Tecumseh Mount Tom Mount Tremont Mount Waumbek Mount Weeks Mount Willard Mount Willey Mount Zealand North Moat Mountain Owl's Head (Carroll) Owl's Head (Franconia) Scar Ridge South Weeks

Others

Blue Job Mountain Crotched Mountain Gap Mountain Little Monadnock
Monadnock
Mountain Lovewell Mountain Moose Mountain Mount Assurance Mount Cardigan Mount Kearsarge Mount Kelsey Mount Magalloway Mount Monadnock Mount Sunapee Pitcher Mountain Potanipo Hill Ragged Mountain Skatutakee Mountain Smarts Mountain Tenney Mountain Thumb Mountain Uncanoonuc Mountains

Climate[edit]

Köppen climate map of New Hampshire

During autumn, the leaves on many hardwood trees in New Hampshire
Hampshire
turn colors, attracting many tourists.

A winter view of an apple orchard in Hollis, New Hampshire

New Hampshire
Hampshire
experiences a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfa in some southern areas, Dfb in most of the state, and Dfc Subarctic in some northern highland areas), with warm, humid summers, and long, cold, and snowy winters. Precipitation is fairly evenly distributed all year. The climate of the southeastern portion is moderated by the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
and averages relatively milder winters (for New Hampshire), while the northern and interior portions experience colder temperatures and lower humidity. Winters are cold and snowy throughout the state, and especially severe in the northern and mountainous areas. Average annual snowfall ranges from 60 inches (150 cm) to over 100 inches (250 cm) across the state.[25] Average daytime highs are in the mid 70s°F to low 80s°F (around 24–28 °C) throughout the state in July, with overnight lows in the mid 50s°F to low 60s°F (13–15 °C). January temperatures range from an average high of 34 °F (1 °C) on the coast to overnight lows below 0 °F (−18 °C) in the far north and at high elevations. Average annual precipitation statewide is roughly 40 inches (100 cm) with some variation occurring in the White Mountains due to differences in elevation and annual snowfall. New Hampshire's highest recorded temperature was 106 °F (41 °C) in Nashua on July 4, 1911, while the lowest recorded temperature was −47 °F (−44 °C) atop Mount Washington on January 29, 1934. Mount Washington also saw an unofficial −50 °F (−46 °C) reading on January 22, 1885, which, if made official, would tie the all-time record low for New England
New England
(also −50 °F (−46 °C) at Big Black River, Maine, on January 16, 2009, and Bloomfield, Vermont
Vermont
on December 30, 1933). Extreme snow is often associated with a nor'easter, such as the Blizzard of '78 and the Blizzard of 1993, when several feet accumulated across portions of the state over 24 to 48 hours. Lighter snowfalls of several inches occur frequently throughout winter, often associated with an Alberta Clipper. New Hampshire, on occasion, is affected by hurricanes and tropical storms although by the time they reach the state they are often extratropical, with most storms striking the southern New England coastline and moving inland or passing by offshore in the Gulf of Maine. Most of New Hampshire
Hampshire
averages fewer than 20 days of thunderstorms per year and an average of two tornadoes occur annually statewide.[26] The National Arbor Day Foundation
National Arbor Day Foundation
plant hardiness zone map depicts zones 3, 4, 5, and 6 occurring throughout the state[27] and indicates the transition from a relatively cooler to warmer climate as one travels southward across New Hampshire. The 1990 USDA
USDA
plant hardiness zones for New Hampshire
Hampshire
range from zone 3b in the north to zone 5b in the south.[28]

Average daily maximum and minimum temperatures for selected cities in New Hampshire[29]

Location July (°F) July (°C) January (°F) January (°C)

Manchester 82/64 28/17 33/15 0/−9

Nashua 82/59 28/15 33/12 0/−11

Concord 82/57 28/14 30/10  −1/−12

Portsmouth 79/61 26/16 32/16 0/−9

Keene 82/56 28/13 31/9  −1/−12

Laconia 81/60 27/16 30/11  −1/−11

Lebanon 82/58 28/14 30/8 −1/−13

Metropolitan areas[edit]

Downtown Manchester

Nashua

See also: List of cities in New Hampshire Metropolitan areas in the New England
New England
region are defined by the U.S. Census Bureau as New England
New England
City and Town Areas (NECTAs). The following is a list of NECTAs in New Hampshire:

Berlin Claremont Concord Franklin Keene Laconia Lebanon – Hartford, VT Manchester Nashua Metropolitan Division (part of Boston
Boston
metropolitan area) Portsmouth Rochester – Dover

From "The New Hampshire
Hampshire
Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau". Archived from the original on January 11, 2008. Retrieved June 16, 2014. 

History[edit] Main article: History of New Hampshire

Site of first house in New Hampshire, present mansion constructed in 1750, by Gov. W. B. Wentworth, New York Public Library

Fort William and Mary
Fort William and Mary
in 1705

1922 map of New Hampshire
Hampshire
published in the bulletin of the Brown Company in Berlin

Various Algonquin-speaking Abenaki tribes, largely divided between the Androscoggin and Pennacook
Pennacook
nations, inhabited the area before European settlement.[30] Despite the similar language, they had a very different culture and religion from other Algonquin peoples. English and French explorers visited New Hampshire
Hampshire
in 1600–1605, and David Thompson settled at Odiorne's Point in present-day Rye in 1623. The first permanent settlement was at Hilton's Point (present-day Dover). By 1631, the Upper Plantation comprised modern-day Dover, Durham and Stratham; in 1679, it became the "Royal Province". Father Rale's War was fought between the colonists and the Wabanaki Confederacy throughout New Hampshire. New Hampshire
Hampshire
was one of the thirteen colonies that rebelled against British rule during the American Revolution. By the time of the American Revolution, New Hampshire
Hampshire
was a divided province. The economic and social life of the Seacoast region revolved around sawmills, shipyards, merchants' warehouses, and established village and town centers. Wealthy merchants built substantial homes, furnished them with the finest luxuries, and invested their capital in trade and land speculation. At the other end of the social scale, there developed a permanent class of day laborers, mariners, indentured servants and even slaves. The only battle fought in New Hampshire
Hampshire
was the raid on Fort William and Mary, December 14, 1774, in Portsmouth Harbor, which netted the rebellion sizable quantities of gunpowder, small arms and cannon. (General Sullivan, leader of the raid, described it as, "remainder of the powder, the small arms, bayonets, and cartouche-boxes, together with the cannon and ordnance stores") over the course of two nights. This raid was preceded by a warning to local patriots the previous day, by Paul Revere
Paul Revere
on December 13, 1774, that the fort was to be reinforced by troops sailing from Boston. According to unverified accounts, the gunpowder was later used at the Battle of Bunker Hill, transported there by Major Demerit, who was one of several New Hampshire
Hampshire
patriots who stored the powder in their homes until it was transported elsewhere for use in revolutionary activities. During the raid, the British soldiers fired upon the rebels with cannon and muskets. Although there were apparently no casualties, these were among the first shots in the American Revolutionary period, occurring approximately five months before the Battles of Lexington and Concord. The United States
United States
Constitution was ratified by New Hampshire
Hampshire
on June 21, 1788, when New Hampshire
Hampshire
became the ninth state to do so.[31] New Hampshire
Hampshire
was a Jacksonian stronghold; the state sent Franklin Pierce to the White House in the election of 1852. Industrialization took the form of numerous textile mills, which in turn attracted large flows of immigrants from Quebec
Quebec
(the "French Canadians") and Ireland. The northern parts of the state produced lumber, and the mountains provided tourist attractions. After 1960, the textile industry collapsed, but the economy rebounded as a center of high technology and as a service provider. Starting in 1952, New Hampshire
Hampshire
gained national and international attention for its presidential primary held early in every presidential election year. It immediately became the most important testing grounds for candidates for the Republican and Democratic nominations. The media gave New Hampshire
Hampshire
(and Iowa) about half of all the attention paid to all states in the primary process, magnifying the state's decision powers (and spurring repeated efforts by out-of-state politicians to change the rules.) Demographics[edit]

Historical population

Census Pop.

1790 141,885

1800 183,858

29.6%

1810 214,460

16.6%

1820 244,155

13.8%

1830 269,328

10.3%

1840 284,574

5.7%

1850 317,976

11.7%

1860 326,073

2.5%

1870 318,300

−2.4%

1880 346,991

9.0%

1890 376,530

8.5%

1900 411,588

9.3%

1910 430,572

4.6%

1920 443,083

2.9%

1930 465,293

5.0%

1940 491,524

5.6%

1950 533,242

8.5%

1960 606,921

13.8%

1970 737,681

21.5%

1980 920,610

24.8%

1990 1,109,252

20.5%

2000 1,235,786

11.4%

2010 1,316,470

6.5%

Est. 2017 1,342,795

2.0%

Source: 1910–2010[32] 2017 estimate[7]

New Hampshire
Hampshire
population density

Population[edit] The United States
United States
Census Bureau estimates the population of New Hampshire
Hampshire
was 1,342,795 on July 1, 2017, a 2.00% increase since the 2010 United States
United States
Census.[7] The center of population of New Hampshire
Hampshire
is located in Merrimack County, in the town of Pembroke.[33] The center of population has moved south 12 miles (19 km) since 1950,[34] a reflection of the fact that the fastest growth in the state has been along its southern border, which is within commuting range of Boston
Boston
and other Massachusetts
Massachusetts
cities.

Largest reported ancestry groups in New Hampshire
Hampshire
by town. Dark purple indicates Irish, light purple English, pink French (self-identified but ancestry Quebecois), turquoise French Canadian, dark blue Italian, and light blue German. Grey indicates townships with no reported population as of 2013.

As of the 2010 Census, the population of New Hampshire
Hampshire
was 1,316,470. The gender makeup of the state was 49.3% male and 50.7% female. 21.8% of the population were under the age of 18; 64.6% were between the ages of 18 and 64; and 13.5% were 65 years of age or older.[35] The racial makeup of New Hampshire
Hampshire
as of the 2010 Census was:[35]

White: 93.9% (92.3% non-Hispanic) Black or African American: 1.1% American Indian and Alaska
Alaska
Native: 0.2% Asian: 2.2% Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander: approx. 0.0% Other race: 0.9% Two or more races: 1.6%

New Hampshire
Hampshire
Racial Breakdown of Population

Racial composition 1990[36] 2000[37] 2010[35]

White 98.0% 96.0% 93.9%

Black or African American 0.6% 0.7% 1.1%

American Indian and Alaska
Alaska
Native 0.2% 0.2% 0.2%

Asian 0.8% 1.3% 2.2%

Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander – – 0.0%

Other race 0.3% 0.6% 0.9%

Two or more races – 1.1% 1.6%

Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.8% of the population in 2010: 0.6% were of Mexican, 0.9% Puerto Rican, 0.1% Cuban, and 1.2% other Hispanic or Latino origin. According to the 2010–2015 American Community Survey, the largest ancestry groups in the state were Irish (21.0%), English (16.8%), French (14.9%), Italian (10.5%), German (9.0%), French Canadian (8.7%), and American (5.6%).[38] New Hampshire
Hampshire
has the highest percentage (23.4%) of residents with French/French-Canadian/Acadian ancestry of any U.S. state.[39] According to the Census Bureau's American Community Survey
American Community Survey
estimates from 2015, 2.1% of the population aged 5 and older speak Spanish at home, while 1.8% speak French.[40] In Coos County, 9.6% of the population speaks French at home,[41] down from 16% in 2000.[42] Birth data[edit] Note: Births in table don't add up, because Hispanics are counted both by their ethnicity and by their race, giving a higher overall number.

Live Births by Race/Ethnicity of Mother

Race 2013[43] 2014[44] 2015[45]

White 11,570 (93.3%) 11,494 (93.4%) 11,600 (93.3%)

> Non-Hispanic White 11,064 (89.2%) 10,917 (88.7%) 10,928 (87.9%)

Asian 485 (3.9%) 528 (4.3%) 527 (4.2%)

Black 316 (2.5%) 259 (2.1%) 280 (2.3%)

Native 25 (0.2%) 21 (0.2%) 26 (0.2%)

Hispanic (of any race) 513 (4.1%) 591 (4.8%) 638 (5.1%)

Total New Hampshire 12,396 (100%) 12,302 (100%) 12,433 (100%)

Religion[edit]

Religion in New Hampshire

Affiliation

Percent

Non-religious

36%

Protestant

30%

Catholic

26%

Other Christian

2%

Jewish

2%

Mormon

1%

A Pew survey showed that the religious affiliations of the people of New Hampshire
Hampshire
was as follows: Protestant 30%, Catholic 26%, LDS (Mormon) 1%, Jewish 1%, Jehovah's Witness 2% and non-religious at 36%.[46] A survey suggests that people in New Hampshire
Hampshire
and Vermont[47] are less likely than other Americans to attend weekly services and only 54% say that they are "absolutely certain there is a God" compared to 71% in the rest of the nation.[48][49] New Hampshire
Hampshire
and Vermont
Vermont
are also at the lowest levels among states in religious commitment. In 2012, 23% of New Hampshire
Hampshire
residents in a Gallup poll considered themselves "very religious", while 52% considered themselves "non-religious".[50] According to the Association of Religion Data Archives (ARDA) the largest denominations are the Roman Catholic Church with 311,028 members; The United Church of Christ
United Church of Christ
with 26,321 members; and the United Methodist Church
United Methodist Church
with 18,029 members.[51] Economy[edit] See also: New Hampshire
Hampshire
locations by per capita income The Bureau of Economic Analysis
Bureau of Economic Analysis
estimates that New Hampshire's total state product in 2014 was $66 billion, ranking 40th in the United States.[52] Median household income
Median household income
in 2008 was $49,467, the seventh highest in the country. Its agricultural outputs are dairy products, nursery stock, cattle, apples and eggs. Its industrial outputs are machinery, electric equipment, rubber and plastic products and tourism.[53] New Hampshire
Hampshire
experienced a significant shift in its economic base during the last century. Historically, the base was composed of the traditional New England
New England
manufactures of textiles, shoe making, and small machining shops drawing upon low-wage labor from nearby small farms and from parts of Quebec. Today, these sectors contribute only 2% for textiles, 2% for leather goods, and 9% for machining of the state's total manufacturing dollar value (Source: U.S. Economic Census for 1997, Manufacturing, New Hampshire). They experienced a sharp decline due to obsolete plants and the lure of cheaper wages in the South. The state's budget in FY2008 was $5.11 billion, including $1.48 billion in federal funds. The issue of taxation is controversial in New Hampshire, which has a property tax (subject to municipal control) but no broad sales tax or income tax. The state does have narrower taxes on meals, lodging, vehicles, business and investment income, and tolls on state roads. According to the Energy Information Administration, New Hampshire's energy consumption and per capita energy consumption are among the lowest in the country. The Seabrook Station Nuclear Power Plant, located near Portsmouth, is the largest nuclear reactor in New England and provides about 30 percent of New Hampshire's electricity. Two natural gas-fired plants and some fossil-fuel powered plants, including the coal-fired Merrimack Station plant in Bow, provide most of the rest. New Hampshire's residential electricity use is low compared with the national average, in part because demand for air conditioning is low during the generally mild summer months and because few households use electricity as their primary energy source for home heating. Over half of New Hampshire
Hampshire
households use fuel oil for winter heating. New Hampshire
Hampshire
has potential for renewable energies like wind power, hydroelectricity, and wood fuel.[54] The state has no general sales tax and no personal state income tax (the state does tax, at a 5 percent rate, income from dividends and interest), and the legislature has exercised fiscal restraint. Efforts to diversify the state's general economy have been ongoing. New Hampshire's lack of a broad-based tax system has resulted in the state's local communities having some of the nation's highest property taxes. However, the state's overall tax burden is relatively low; in 2010 New Hampshire
Hampshire
ranked 44th highest among states in combined average state and local tax burden.[55] As of February 2010, the state's unemployment rate was 7.1%.[56] By October 2010, the unemployment rate dropped to 5.4%.[57] According to a 2013 study by Phoenix Marketing International, New Hampshire
Hampshire
had the eighth-highest number of millionaires per capita in the United States, with a ratio of 6.48 percent.[58] In 2013, New Hampshire
Hampshire
also had the nation's lowest poverty rate at just 8.7% of all residents according to the Census Bureau.[59] Law and government[edit]

Treemap
Treemap
of the popular vote by county, 2016 presidential election.

The New Hampshire
Hampshire
State House in Concord

Main article: Government of New Hampshire The governor of New Hampshire, as of January 5, 2017, is Chris Sununu (Republican). New Hampshire's two U.S. senators are Jeanne Shaheen
Jeanne Shaheen
and Maggie Hassan
Maggie Hassan
(both Democrats). New Hampshire's two U.S. representatives are Carol Shea-Porter
Carol Shea-Porter
and Ann McLane Kuster
Ann McLane Kuster
(both Democrats). New Hampshire
Hampshire
is an alcoholic beverage control state, and through the State Liquor Commission it takes in $100 million from the sale and distribution of liquor.[60] New Hampshire
Hampshire
is the only state in the US that does not require adults to wear seat belts in their vehicles. Governing documents[edit] The New Hampshire
Hampshire
State Constitution of 1783 is the supreme law of the state, followed by the New Hampshire
Hampshire
Revised Statutes Annotated and the New Hampshire
Hampshire
Code of Administrative Rules. These are roughly analogous to the federal United States
United States
Constitution, United States Code and Code of Federal Regulations
Code of Federal Regulations
respectively. Branches of government[edit] New Hampshire
Hampshire
has a bifurcated executive branch, consisting of the governor and a five-member executive council which votes on state contracts worth more than $5,000 and "advises and consents" to the governor's nominations to major state positions such as department heads and all judgeships and pardon requests. New Hampshire
Hampshire
does not have a lieutenant governor; the Senate president serves as "acting governor" whenever the governor is unable to perform the duties. The legislature is called the General Court. It consists of the House of Representatives and the Senate. There are 400 representatives, making it one of the largest elected bodies in the English-speaking world,[61] and 24 senators. Most are effectively volunteers, nearly half of which are retirees. (For details, see the article on Government of New Hampshire.) The state's sole appellate court is the New Hampshire
Hampshire
Supreme Court. The Superior Court is the court of general jurisdiction and the only court which provides for jury trials in civil or criminal cases. The other state courts are the Probate Court, District Court, and the Family Division. Local government[edit]

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New Hampshire
Hampshire
has 10 counties and 234 cities and towns. New Hampshire
Hampshire
is a "Dillon Rule" state, meaning that the state retains all powers not specifically granted to municipalities. Even so, the legislature strongly favors local control, particularly with regard to land use regulations. New Hampshire
Hampshire
municipalities are classified as towns or cities, which differ primarily by the form of government. Most towns generally operate on the town meeting form of government, where the registered voters in the town act as the town legislature, and a board of selectmen acts as the executive of the town. Larger towns and the state's thirteen cities operate either on a council-manager or council-mayor form of government. There is no difference, from the point of view of the state government, between towns and cities besides the form of government. All state-level statutes treat all municipalities identically. New Hampshire
Hampshire
has a small number of unincorporated areas that are titled as grants, locations, purchases, or townships. These locations have limited to no self-government, and services are generally provided for them by neighboring towns or the county or state where needed. As of the 2000 census, there were 25 of these left in New Hampshire, accounting for a total population of 173 people (as of 2000[update]); several were entirely depopulated. All but two of these unincorporated areas are located in Coos County. Politics[edit] Main articles: Politics of New Hampshire
Hampshire
and Political party strength in New Hampshire

Presidential elections results[62]

Year Republican Democratic

2016 47.22% 345,789 47.59% 348,521

2012 46.40% 329,918 51.98% 369,561

2008 44.52% 316,534 54.13% 384,826

2004 48.87% 331,237 50.24% 340,511

2000 48.07% 273,559 46.80% 266,348

The Republican Party and the Democratic Party are the two largest parties in the state. A plurality of voters are registered as undeclared, and can choose either ballot in the primary and then regain their undeclared status after voting.[63] The Libertarian Party had official party status from 1990 to 1996. There is also a program known as the Free State Project
Free State Project
with the goal of turning New Hampshire into a libertarian stronghold by suggesting that libertarians move there so they can concentrate their power. The Libertarian Party regained ballot access after the 2016 election because the gubernatorial candidate received over 4% of the vote.[64] As of February 5, 2016, there were 882,959 registered voters, of whom 389,472 (44.1%) did not declare a political party affiliation, 262,111 (29.7%) were Republican, and 231,376 (26.2%) were Democratic.[65] New Hampshire
Hampshire
primary[edit]

Saint Anselm College
Saint Anselm College
has held several national debates on campus.

New Hampshire
Hampshire
is internationally known for the New Hampshire
Hampshire
primary, the first primary in the quadrennial American presidential election cycle. State law requires that the Secretary of State schedule this election at least one week before any "similar event." However, the Iowa
Iowa
caucus has preceded the New Hampshire
Hampshire
primary. This primary, as the nation's first contest that uses the same procedure as the general election, draws more attention than those in other states, and has often been decisive in shaping the national contest. State law permits a town with fewer than 100 residents to open its polls at midnight, and close when all registered citizens have cast their ballots. As such, the communities of Dixville Notch in Coos County and Hart's Location in Carroll County, among others, have chosen to implement these provisions. Dixville Notch and Hart's Location are traditionally the first places in both New Hampshire
Hampshire
and the U.S. to vote in presidential primaries and elections. Nominations for all other partisan offices are decided in a separate primary election. In Presidential election cycles, this is the second primary election held in New Hampshire. Saint Anselm College
Saint Anselm College
in Goffstown has become a popular campaign spot for politicians as well as several national presidential debates because of its proximity to Manchester- Boston
Boston
Regional Airport.[66][67][68] Election results[edit] In the past, New Hampshire
Hampshire
has often voted Republican. Between 1856 and 1988, New Hampshire
Hampshire
cast its electoral votes for the Democratic presidential ticket six times: Woodrow Wilson
Woodrow Wilson
(twice), Franklin D. Roosevelt (three times), and Lyndon B. Johnson
Lyndon B. Johnson
(once). Beginning in 1992, New Hampshire
Hampshire
became a swing state in both national and local elections. The state supported Democrats Bill Clinton
Bill Clinton
in 1992 and 1996, John Kerry
John Kerry
in 2004, Barack Obama
Barack Obama
in 2008 and 2012, and Hillary Clinton
Hillary Clinton
in 2016. It was the only state in the country to switch from supporting Republican George W. Bush
George W. Bush
in the 2000 election to supporting his Democratic challenger in the 2004 election, when John Kerry, a senator from neighboring Massachusetts, won the state. Donald Trump
Donald Trump
very narrowly lost the state in 2016. The Democrats dominated elections in New Hampshire
Hampshire
in 2006 and 2008. In 2006, Democrats won both congressional seats (electing Carol Shea-Porter in the 1st district and Paul Hodes
Paul Hodes
in the 2nd district), re-elected Governor John Lynch, and gained a majority on the Executive Council and in both houses of the legislature for the first time since 1911. Democrats had not held both the legislature and the governorship since 1874.[69] Neither U.S. Senate seat was up for a vote in 2006. In 2008, Democrats retained their majorities, governorship, and Congressional seats; and former governor Jeanne Shaheen
Jeanne Shaheen
defeated incumbent Republican John E. Sununu
John E. Sununu
for the U.S. Senate in a rematch of the 2002 contest. The 2008 elections resulted in women holding a majority, 13 of the 24 seats, in the New Hampshire
Hampshire
Senate, a first for any legislative body in the United States.[70] In the 2010 midterm elections, Republicans made historic gains in New Hampshire, capturing veto-proof majorities in the state legislature, taking all five seats in the Executive Council, electing a new U.S. senator, Kelly Ayotte, winning both U.S. House seats, and reducing the margin of victory of incumbent Governor John Lynch compared to his 2006 and 2008 landslide wins. In the 2012 state legislative elections, Democrats took back the New Hampshire
Hampshire
House of Representatives and narrowed the Republican majority in the New Hampshire Senate
New Hampshire Senate
to 13–11.[71] In 2012, New Hampshire
Hampshire
became the first state in U.S. history to elect an all-female federal delegation: Democratic Congresswomen Carol Shea-Porter of Congressional District 1 and Ann McLane Kuster
Ann McLane Kuster
of Congressional District 2 accompanied U.S. Senators Jeanne Shaheen
Jeanne Shaheen
and Kelly Ayotte
Kelly Ayotte
in 2013. Further, the state elected its second female governor: Democrat Maggie Hassan. In the 2014 elections, Republicans retook the New Hampshire
Hampshire
House of Representatives with a 239–160 majority and expanded their majority in the New Hampshire Senate
New Hampshire Senate
to 14 of the Senate's 24 seats. On the national level, incumbent Democratic Senator Jeanne Shaheen
Jeanne Shaheen
defeated her Republican challenger, former Massachusetts
Massachusetts
senator Scott Brown. New Hampshire
Hampshire
also elected Frank Guinta
Frank Guinta
(R) for its First Congressional District representative and Ann Kuster
Ann Kuster
(D) for its Second Congressional District representative. In the 2016 elections, Republicans held the New Hampshire
Hampshire
House of Representatives with a majority of 220–175, and held onto their 14 seats in the New Hampshire
Hampshire
Senate. In the gubernatorial race, retiring Governor Maggie Hassan
Maggie Hassan
was succeeded by Republican Chris Sununu, who defeated Democratic nominee Colin Van Ostern. Sununu became the state's first Republican governor since Craig Benson, who left office in 2005 following defeat by John Lynch. Republicans control the governor's office and both chambers of the state legislature, a governing trifecta in which the Republicans have full governing power.[72] In the presidential race, the state voted for the Democratic nominee, former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton
Hillary Clinton
over the Republican nominee, Donald Trump, by a margin of 2,736 votes, or 0.3%, one of the closest results the state has ever seen in a presidential race, while Libertarian nominee Gary Johnson
Gary Johnson
received 4.12% of the vote. The Democrats also won a competitive race in the Second Congressional District, as well as a competitive senate race. New Hampshire's congressional delegation currently consists of exclusively Democrats. It is one of only seven states with an entirely Democratic delegation, five of which are in New England
New England
(the others are Delaware and Hawaii). Free State Project[edit] Main article: Free State Project The Free State Project
Free State Project
seeks to entice 20,000 individuals with libertarian-leaning views to move to New Hampshire
Hampshire
with the intent of reducing the size and scope of government at the local, state and federal levels through active participation in the political process. On February 3, 2016, the project reached its goal of 20,000 signers.[73] The Free State Project
Free State Project
holds the annual New Hampshire Liberty Forum[74] and the annual Porcupine Freedom Festival, also known as PorcFest.[75] Transportation[edit] Highways[edit] New Hampshire
Hampshire
has a well-maintained, well-signed network of Interstate highways, U.S. highways, and state highways. State highway markers still depict the Old Man of the Mountain
Old Man of the Mountain
despite that rock formation's demise in 2003. Several route numbers align with the same route numbers in neighboring states. State highway numbering does not indicate the highway's direction. Major routes include:

Interstate 89
Interstate 89
runs northwest from near Concord to Lebanon on the Vermont
Vermont
border. Interstate 93
Interstate 93
is the main Interstate highway in New Hampshire
Hampshire
and runs north from Salem (on the Massachusetts
Massachusetts
border) to Littleton (on the Vermont
Vermont
border). I-93 connects the more densely populated southern part of the state to the Lakes Region and the White Mountains further to the north. Interstate 95
Interstate 95
runs north–south briefly along New Hampshire's seacoast to serve the city of Portsmouth, before entering Maine U.S. Route 1
U.S. Route 1
runs north–south briefly along New Hampshire's seacoast to the east of and paralleling I-95. U.S. Route 2
U.S. Route 2
runs east–west through Coos County from Maine, intersecting Route 16, skirting the White Mountain National Forest passing through Jefferson and into Vermont. U.S. Route 3
U.S. Route 3
is the longest numbered route in the state, and the only one to run completely through the state from the Massachusetts
Massachusetts
border to the Canada–US border. It generally parallels Interstate 93. South of Manchester, it takes a more westerly route through Nashua. North of Franconia Notch, U.S. 3 takes a more easterly route, before terminating at the Canada–US border. U.S. Route 4
U.S. Route 4
terminates at the Portsmouth Traffic Circle and runs east–west across the southern part of the state connecting Durham, Concord, Boscawen and Lebanon. New Hampshire
Hampshire
Route 16 is a major north–south highway in the eastern part of the state that generally parallels the border with Maine, eventually entering Maine
Maine
as Maine
Maine
Route 16. The southernmost portion of NH 16 is a four-lane freeway, co-signed with U.S. Route 4. New Hampshire
Hampshire
Route 101 is a major east–west highway in the southern part of the state that connects Keene with Manchester and the Seacoast region. East of Manchester, NH 101 is a four-lane, limited access highway that runs to Hampton Beach and I-95.

Further information: New Hampshire
Hampshire
Highway System Air[edit] New Hampshire
Hampshire
has 25 public-use airports, three with some scheduled commercial passenger service. The busiest airport by number of passengers handled is Manchester- Boston
Boston
Regional Airport in Manchester and Londonderry, which serves the Greater Boston
Boston
metropolitan area. Further information: List of airports in New Hampshire Public transportation[edit] Long-distance intercity passenger rail service is provided by Amtrak's Vermonter and Downeaster lines. Greyhound, Concord Coach, Vermont
Vermont
Translines and Dartmouth Coach all provide intercity bus connections to and from points in New Hampshire and to long-distance points beyond and in between. As of 2013[update], Boston-centered MBTA Commuter Rail
MBTA Commuter Rail
services reach only as far as northern Massachusetts. The New Hampshire
Hampshire
Rail Transit Authority is working to extend "Capital Corridor" service from Lowell, Massachusetts, to Nashua, Concord, and Manchester, including Manchester- Boston
Boston
Regional Airport; and "Coastal Corridor" service from Haverhill, Massachusetts, to Plaistow, New Hampshire.[76][77] Legislation in 2007 created the New Hampshire
Hampshire
Rail Transit Authority (NHRTA) with the goal of overseeing the development of commuter rail in the state of New Hampshire. In 2011, Governor John Lynch vetoed HB 218, a bill passed by Republican lawmakers, which would have drastically curtailed the powers and responsibilities of NHRTA.[78][79] The I-93 Corridor transit study suggested a rail alternative along the Manchester and Lawrence branch line which could provide freight and passenger service.[80] This rail corridor would also have access to Manchester- Boston
Boston
Regional Airport. Eleven public transit authorities operate local and regional bus services around the state, and eight private carriers operate express bus services which link with the national intercity bus network.[81] The New Hampshire
Hampshire
Department of Transportation operates a statewide ride-sharing match service, in addition to independent ride matching and guaranteed ride home programs.[81] Tourist railroads include the Conway Scenic Railroad, Hobo-Winnipesaukee Railroad, and the Mount Washington Cog Railway. Freight railways[edit] Freight railways in New Hampshire
Hampshire
include Claremont & Concord Railroad (CCRR), Pan Am Railways
Pan Am Railways
via subsidiary Springfield Terminal Railway (ST), the New England
New England
Central Railroad (NHCR), the St. Lawrence and Atlantic Railroad (SLR), and New Hampshire
Hampshire
Northcoast Corporation (NHN). Further information: List of New Hampshire
Hampshire
railroads Education[edit]

Dartmouth College's Baker Library

Thompson Hall, at UNH, was built in 1892.

High schools[edit] See also: List of high schools in New Hampshire The first public high schools in the state were the Boys' High School and the Girls' High School of Portsmouth, established either in 1827 or 1830 depending on the source.[82][83][84] New Hampshire
Hampshire
has more than 80 public high schools, many of which serve more than one town. The largest is Pinkerton Academy
Pinkerton Academy
in Derry, which is owned by a private non-profit organization and serves as the public high school of a number of neighboring towns. There are at least 30 private high schools in the state.

New Hampshire
Hampshire
public schools with a Web presence

New Hampshire
Hampshire
is also the home of several prestigious university-preparatory schools, such as Phillips Exeter Academy, St. Paul's School, Brewster Academy, and Kimball Union Academy. In 2008 the state tied with Massachusetts
Massachusetts
as having the highest scores on the SAT and ACT standardized tests given to high school students.[85] Colleges and universities[edit] Main article: List of colleges and universities in New Hampshire

Antioch University New England Colby-Sawyer College Community College System of New Hampshire:

Great Bay Community College Lakes Region Community College Manchester Community College Nashua Community College NHTI, Concord's Community College River Valley Community College White Mountains Community College

Dartmouth College

Tuck School of Business Geisel School of Medicine Thayer School of Engineering

Franklin Pierce
Franklin Pierce
University Hellenic American University MCPHS University New England
New England
College New Hampshire
Hampshire
Institute of Art Northeast Catholic College Rivier University Saint Anselm College Southern New Hampshire
Hampshire
University Thomas More College of Liberal Arts University System of New Hampshire:

University of New Hampshire

University of New Hampshire
Hampshire
School of Law University of New Hampshire
Hampshire
at Manchester

Granite
Granite
State College Keene State College Plymouth State University

Media[edit] Daily newspapers[edit] Main article: List of newspapers in New Hampshire

Berlin Daily Sun Concord Monitor Conway Daily Sun The Dartmouth
The Dartmouth
of Dartmouth College/Hanover Eagle Times
Eagle Times
of Claremont Eagle Tribune (Lawrence, Massachusetts
Massachusetts
area, including parts of southern New Hampshire) Foster's Daily Democrat
Foster's Daily Democrat
of Dover Keene Sentinel Laconia Citizen Laconia Daily Sun New Hampshire
Hampshire
Union Leader of Manchester, formerly known as the Manchester Union-Leader The Portsmouth Herald The Telegraph of Nashua The Sun (Lowell, Massachusetts
Massachusetts
area, including parts of southern New Hampshire) Valley News
Valley News
of Lebanon

Other publications[edit]

Area News Group Business New Hampshire
Hampshire
Magazine The Cabinet Press

Milford Cabinet Bedford Journal Hollis/Brookline Journal Merrimack Journal

Carriage Towne News (covering Kingston and surrounding towns) The Exeter News-Letter The Hampton Union Hippo Press (covering Manchester, Nashua and Concord) Manchester Express Manchester Ink Link[86] The New Hampshire
Hampshire
(University of New Hampshire
Hampshire
student newspaper) New Hampshire
Hampshire
Business Review New Hampshire
Hampshire
Free Press The New Hampshire
Hampshire
Gazette (Portsmouth alternative biweekly) The New Hampshire
Hampshire
Herald (Manchester alternative biweekly) NH Living Magazine[87] Salmon Press Newspapers (family of weekly newspapers covering Lakes Region & North Country)

Radio stations[edit]

See List of radio stations in New Hampshire.

Television stations[edit] Main article: List of television stations in New Hampshire

ABC affiliate WMUR, Channel 9, Manchester PBS affiliate WENH, Channel 11, Durham (New Hampshire
Hampshire
Public Television); repeater stations in Keene and Littleton Justice Network
Justice Network
affiliate WWJE, Channel 50, Derry/Manchester Ion Television
Ion Television
station WPXG, Channel 21, Concord (satellite of WBPX in Boston)

Sports[edit] The following professional and professional development sports teams are located in New Hampshire:

Club Sport / League Level

New Hampshire
Hampshire
Fisher Cats Eastern League (class AA baseball) Professional

Manchester Monarchs ECHL
ECHL
(ice hockey) Professional

Seacoast United Phantoms Premier Development League
Premier Development League
(soccer) Professional
Professional
development (adult)

Manchester Freedom Independent Women's Football League Professional

NH Olympic Development Program (soccer) US Soccer Region 1 Professional
Professional
development (youth: ages 11–17)

The New Hampshire Motor Speedway
New Hampshire Motor Speedway
in Loudon is an oval track and road course which has been visited by national motorsport championship series such as the NASCAR
NASCAR
Monster Energy Cup Series, the NASCAR Xfinity Series, the NASCAR
NASCAR
Camping World Truck Series, NASCAR
NASCAR
Whelen Modified Tour, American Canadian Tour
American Canadian Tour
(ACT), the Champ Car
Champ Car
and the IndyCar Series. Other motor racing venues include Star Speedway and New England
New England
Dragway in Epping, Lee Speedway in Lee, Twin State Speedway in Claremont, Monadnock
Monadnock
Speedway in Winchester and Canaan Fair
Fair
Speedway in Canaan. New Hampshire
Hampshire
has two NCAA Division I
NCAA Division I
teams: the Dartmouth Big Green (Ivy League) and the New Hampshire
Hampshire
Wildcats (America East Conference), as well as three Division II teams: Franklin Pierce
Franklin Pierce
Ravens, Saint Anselm Hawks and Southern New Hampshire
Hampshire
Penmen (Northeast-10 Conference). The Seacoast United Phantoms
Seacoast United Phantoms
are a soccer team based in Hampton, New Hampshire. Founded in 1996, the team plays in the USL Premier Development League (PDL), the fourth tier of the American Soccer Pyramid, in the Northeast Division of the Eastern Conference. The team plays its home games at Amesbury Sports Park, where they have played since 2017. Annually since 2002, high-school statewide all-stars compete against Vermont
Vermont
in ten sports during "Twin State" playoffs.[88] Culture[edit]

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In the spring, New Hampshire's many sap houses hold sugaring-off open houses. In summer and early autumn, New Hampshire
Hampshire
is home to many county fairs, the largest being the Hopkinton State Fair, in Contoocook. New Hampshire's Lakes Region is home to many summer camps, especially around Lake Winnipesaukee, and is a popular tourist destination. The Peterborough Players have performed every summer in Peterborough, New Hampshire
Hampshire
since 1933. The Barnstormers Theatre
Barnstormers Theatre
in Tamworth, New Hampshire, founded in 1931, is one of the longest-running professional summer theaters in the United States. In September, New Hampshire
Hampshire
is host to the New Hampshire
Hampshire
Highland Games. New Hampshire
Hampshire
has also registered an official tartan with the proper authorities in Scotland, used to make kilts worn by the Lincoln Police Department while its officers serve during the games. The fall foliage peaks in mid-October. In the winter, New Hampshire's ski areas and snowmobile trails attract visitors from a wide area.[89] After the lakes freeze over they become dotted with ice fishing ice houses, known locally as bobhouses. Funspot, the world's largest video arcade[90] (now termed a museum), is located in Laconia. In fiction[edit] Comics[edit]

Bob Montana, the original artist for Archie Comics, attended Manchester Central High School
Manchester Central High School
for a year, and may have based Riverdale High School in part on Central. Al Capp, creator of the comic strip Li'l Abner, used to joke that Dogpatch, the setting for the strip, was based on Seabrook, where he would vacation with his wife.[91]

Film[edit]

A Separate Peace
A Separate Peace
(1972) was filmed in Exeter at Phillips Exeter Academy, alma mater of author John Knowles. Animal House
Animal House
(1978) is said to be inspired by Dartmouth College, alma mater of one of the scriptwriters, Chris Miller. On Golden Pond (1981) was filmed and takes place at Squam Lake. The World According to Garp
The World According to Garp
(1982), although filmed elsewhere, is set in a thinly disguised Phillips Exeter, alma mater of author John Irving. What About Bob?
What About Bob?
(1991) takes place primarily at Lake Winnipesaukee
Lake Winnipesaukee
but was actually filmed in Virginia. Jumanji
Jumanji
(1995) was filmed in Keene. In Dreams (1999) had location shots filmed in New Castle, showing a ghostly Wentworth-by-the-Sea Hotel
Wentworth-by-the-Sea Hotel
before its restoration. Live Free or Die
Live Free or Die
(2006) was filmed in Claremont. In Your Eyes (2014) was primarily shot in New Hampshire
Hampshire
and partially takes place in Exeter and Hooksett.

Literature[edit] Many novels, plays and screenplays have been set in New Hampshire. The state has played other roles in fiction, including:

New Hampshire
Hampshire
born Daniel Webster
Daniel Webster
is a prominent figure in Stephen Vincent Benét's short story entitled "The Devil and Daniel Webster" (1937), about a New Hampshire
Hampshire
farmer who sells his soul to the devil and is defended by Daniel Webster. Peterborough is the inspiration for the town of Grover's Corners, in Thornton Wilder's play Our Town
Our Town
(1938). The novel Peyton Place (1956) was inspired by the town of Gilmanton. John Knowles
John Knowles
based the Devon School in A Separate Peace
A Separate Peace
(1959) on Phillips Exeter Academy
Phillips Exeter Academy
in Exeter. The prep school in John Irving's The World According to Garp
The World According to Garp
(1978) was also based on Phillips Exeter Academy. Irving's stepfather was a faculty member at the school, and Irving is an alumnus; New Hampshire settings are common in his works, including The Hotel New Hampshire (1981).

Television[edit]

In the cable television series Breaking Bad, the character Walter White escapes to a cabin in a fictional county in Northern New Hampshire, and two of the show's episodes are titled "Live Free or Die" and " Granite
Granite
State".[92] In The Sopranos
The Sopranos
episode, "Live Free or Die", the character Vito Spatafore hides out, for a time, from the New Jersey
New Jersey
and New York mob families in New Hampshire. The character of Josiah Bartlet, President of the United States
United States
on the television series The West Wing, was depicted as a two-term New Hampshire
Hampshire
governor. In the television show Gilmore Girls, characters Rory and Lorelai stay at a bed and breakfast in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, in the episode "Road Trip to Harvard." In the "Wag the Hog" episode of Bob's Burgers, Critter mentions he will be going up to Laconia, New Hampshire, likely for the annual motorcycle week.[93] In an episode of All in the Family
All in the Family
Archie and Edith took a vacation to, as Archie put it, "the lake with the funny name," Lake Winnipesaukee.[citation needed]

Notable residents or natives[edit] See article List of people from New Hampshire. New Hampshire
Hampshire
firsts[edit]

On January 5, 1776 at Exeter, the Provincial Congress of New Hampshire ratified the first independent constitution in the Americas, free of British rule.[94] On June 12, 1800, Fernald's Island in the Piscataqua River
Piscataqua River
became the first government-sanctioned US Navy shipyard. Started in 1822, Dublin's Juvenile Library was the first free public library. In 1828, the first women's strike in the nation took place at Dover's Cocheco Mills. Founded in 1833, the Peterborough Town Library was the first public library, supported with public funds, in the world.[95] On August 3, 1852, Center Harbor was the site of the first intercollegiate athletic event. Harvard defeated Yale in a 2-mile (3.2 km) rowing race on Lake Winnipesaukee, the first meeting in a rivalry that continues to this day. Finished on June 27, 1874, the first trans-Atlantic telecommunications cable between Europe and America stretched from Balinskelligs Bay, Ireland, to Rye, New Hampshire. On February 6, 1901, a group of nine conservationists founded the Society for the Protection of New Hampshire
Hampshire
Forests, the first forest-conservation advocacy group in the US. In 1908, Monsignor Pierre Hevey organized the nation's first credit union, "La Caisse Populaire, Ste-Marie" (The People's Bank) in Manchester, to help mill workers save and borrow money, which is now St. Mary's Bank.[96] In 1933, the League of New Hampshire
Hampshire
Craftsmen held the first crafts fair in the nation.[97] In July 1944, the Bretton Woods Agreement, the first fully negotiated system intended to govern monetary relations among independent nation-states, was signed at the Mount Washington Hotel. On May 5, 1961, Alan Shepard
Alan Shepard
of Derry rode a Mercury spacecraft and became the first American in space. In 1963, New Hampshire's legislature approved the nation's first modern state lottery, which began play in 1964. In 1966, Ralph Baer
Ralph Baer
of Sanders Associates, Inc., Nashua, recruited engineers to develop the first home video game. Christa McAuliffe
Christa McAuliffe
of Concord became the first private citizen selected to venture into space. She perished with her six space shuttle Challenger crewmates on January 28, 1986. On May 17, 1996, New Hampshire
Hampshire
became the first state in the country to install a green LED traffic light. New Hampshire
Hampshire
was selected because it was the first state to install the red and yellow variety statewide.[98] On May 31, 2007, New Hampshire
Hampshire
became "...the first state to recognize same-sex unions without a court order or the threat of one."[99]

See also[edit]

New Hampshire
Hampshire
portal New England
New England
portal

Hampshire

References[edit]

^ "New Hampshire
Hampshire
Almanac: Fast New Hampshire
Hampshire
Facts". NH.gov. New Hampshire
Hampshire
State Library. 2011. Retrieved December 22, 2014.  ^ For use in a reference publication see Mencken, H.L. (1990). American Language Supplement 2. Knopf-Doubleday. The adjoining New Hampshire
Hampshire
is usually called the Granite
Granite
State, which the DAE traces to 1830. It has also been called the White Mountain State, the Mother of Rivers, and the Switzerland of America 

For official use see "Fast New Hampshire
Hampshire
Facts". New Hampshire Almanac. State of New Hampshire. Archived from the original on May 25, 2017. Retrieved February 12, 2018.  For contemporary use see "'Live Free or Die' - The Story of the New Hampshire
Hampshire
Motto". New England
New England
Today. Yankee Publishing, Inc. August 10, 2017. Archived from the original on February 12, 2018. Retrieved February 12, 2018. For tourism purposes, however, New Hampshire typically tones it down a bit, presenting itself as the Granite
Granite
State or the White Mountain State... 

^ "New Hampshire
Hampshire
Almanac: State Official and Honorary State Song". NH.gov. New Hampshire
Hampshire
State Library. 2012. Retrieved December 22, 2014.  ^ "New Hampshire
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Revised Statutes, Title 1, Chapter 3-C:1 – Official State Language". State of New Hampshire. 1995. Retrieved December 9, 2016.  ^ "New Hampshire
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Revised Statutes, Title 1, Chapter 3-C:2 – Exceptions". State of New Hampshire. 1995. Retrieved December 9, 2016.  ^ "Geographic Identifiers: New Hampshire". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved June 10, 2016.  ^ a b c "QuickFacts: New Hampshire, United States". U.S. Census Bureau. June 1, 2017. Retrieved December 26, 2017.  ^ "Median Annual Household Income". The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. Retrieved December 9, 2016.  ^ "Mt Wash". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.  ^ a b "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey. 2001. Archived from the original on October 15, 2011. Retrieved October 24, 2011.  ^ Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988. ^ The summit of Mount Washington is the highest point on the northeastern Northern American Continent. ^ In the event of a vacancy in the office of Governor, the President of the State Senate is first in line to assume the gubernatorial powers and duties as Acting Governor. ^ "Visit NH: State Facts". NH Department of Resources and Economic Development. Archived from the original on October 14, 2010. Retrieved August 30, 2010.  ^ "Origin of 'New Hampshire'". State Symbols USA. Retrieved August 30, 2015.  ^ New Hampshire
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Coastal Access Map (PDF) (Map). New Hampshire
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Coastal Program. Retrieved February 3, 2016.  ^ Beaver, Janice Cheryl (November 9, 2006). "U.S. International Borders: Brief Facts" (PDF). Congressional Research Service. Retrieved February 3, 2016.  ^ Filipov, David (January 31, 2010). "Record blown away, but pride stays put: N.H. summit's claim to nasty weather intact". The Boston Globe. Retrieved February 9, 2010.  ^ "Mount Washington...Home of the World's Worst Weather". Mt. Washington Observatory. Retrieved March 22, 2010.  ^ Vermont
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289 U.S. 593 (1933) ^ "HJR 1 – Final Version". New Hampshire
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General Court. Retrieved September 22, 2015.  ^ "New Hampshire
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United States
(2012)" (PDF). Landscape and Urban Planning. 107: 21–30. Retrieved February 3, 2016.  ^ Olson, D. M.; Dinerstein, E.; et al. (2001). "Terrestrial Ecoregions of the World: A New Map of Life on Earth". BioScience. 51 (11): 933–938. doi:10.1641/0006-3568(2001)051[0933:TEOTWA]2.0.CO;2. Archived from the original on October 14, 2011.  ^ Dellinger, Dan (June 23, 2004). "Snowfall — Average Total in Inches". NOAA. Archived from the original on June 19, 2011. Retrieved May 25, 2007.  ^ "Annual average number of tornadoes 1953–2004". NOAA. Retrieved May 25, 2007.  ^ "2006 arborday.org Hardiness Zone Map". National Arbor Day Foundation. Retrieved May 25, 2007.  ^ "New Hampshire
Hampshire
USDA
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Plant Hardiness Zone Map". PlantMaps. Retrieved November 15, 2010.  ^ "New Hampshire
Hampshire
climate averages". Weatherbase. Retrieved November 21, 2015.  ^ "Abenaki". tolatsga.org. Archived from the original on April 11, 2010. Retrieved September 4, 2017.  ^ "Observing Constitution Day". Archives.gov. Retrieved April 7, 2016.  ^ "Resident Population Data – 2010 Census". 2010.census.gov. US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on December 20, 2012. Retrieved December 24, 2012.  ^ "Population and Population Centers by State: 2000". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 18, 2008. Retrieved December 5, 2008.  ^ "Population Center of New Hampshire, 1950–2000" (PDF). NH Office of Energy and Planning. October 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 24, 2008. Retrieved September 10, 2008.  ^ a b c "2010 Demographic Profile Data". U.S. Census Bureau.  ^ "Historical Census Statistics on Population Totals By Race, 1790 to 1990, and By Hispanic Origin, 1970 to 1990, For The United States, Regions, Divisions, and States". Census.gov. July 25, 2008. Archived from the original on July 25, 2008. Retrieved September 4, 2017. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) ^ "Census Viewer". Censusviewer.com. January 8, 2014. Archived from the original on January 8, 2014. Retrieved September 4, 2017.  ^ "2015 American Community Survey". U.S. Census Bureau.  ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the United States: 2015 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates (DP02): All States within United States and Puerto Rico". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved April 6, 2017.  ^ "Language Spoken at Home by Ability to Speak English for the Population 5 Years and Over: 2015 American Community Survey
American Community Survey
5-Year Estimates (B16001): New Hampshire". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved April 6, 2017.  ^ "Language Spoken at Home by Ability to Speak English for the Population 5 Years and Over: 2015 American Community Survey
American Community Survey
5-Year Estimates (B16001): Coos County, New Hampshire". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved April 6, 2017.  ^ "MLA Language Map Data Center". Modern Language Association. July 17, 2007. Retrieved July 31, 2010.  ^ "Births: Final Data for 2013" (PDF). Cdc.gov. Retrieved 4 September 2017.  ^ "Births: Final Data for 2014" (PDF). Cdc.gov. Retrieved 4 September 2017.  ^ "Births: Final Data for 2015" (PDF). Cdc.gov. Retrieved 4 September 2017.  ^ "Adults in New Hampshire". Pew Research Center's Religion & Public Life Project. May 11, 2015.  ^ which were polled jointly ^ 86% in Alabama
Alabama
and South Carolina ^ Allen, Mike (June 23, 2008). "Pew survey finds believers flexible". Politico.com. Politico. Retrieved July 31, 2010.  ^ Frank Newport (March 27, 2012). " Mississippi
Mississippi
Is the Most Religious U.S. State". Gallup.  ^ "The Association of Religion Data Archives State Membership Report". Thearda.com. The Association of Religion Data Archives. Retrieved November 22, 2013.  ^ "Broad Growth Across States in 2014". Bea.gov. US Bureau of Economic Analysis. June 10, 2015. Retrieved February 3, 2016.  ^ "State at a Glance — New Hampshire". U.S. Department of Labor. October 12, 2007. Retrieved October 14, 2007.  ^ "EIA State Energy Profiles: New Hampshire". U.S. Energy Information Administration. June 12, 2008. Retrieved February 3, 2016.  ^ "New Hampshire's State and Local Tax Burden, 1970–2006". The Tax Foundation. August 7, 2008. Retrieved February 18, 2014.  ^ "Local Area Unemployment Statistics". Bureau of Labor Statistics. Retrieved March 26, 2010.  ^ "NH unemployment rate drops to 5.4 percent in Oct". BusinessWeek. November 16, 2010. Retrieved December 8, 2010.  ^ Frank, Robert. "Top states for millionaires per capita". CNBC. Retrieved January 25, 2014.  ^ Hess, Alexander E.M. (October 6, 2014). "The 10 states with the best quality of life". Yahoo Finance. Retrieved November 12, 2014.  ^ "State of New Hampshire
Hampshire
Monthly Revenue Focus (FY 2005)" (PDF). NH Department of Administrative Services. Retrieved February 3, 2016.  ^ ""House Fast Fact", New Hampshire
Hampshire
House of Representatives". Gencourt.state.nh.us. New Hampshire
Hampshire
General Court. Archived from the original on August 15, 2007. Retrieved July 31, 2010.  ^ " United States
United States
Presidential Election Results". David Leip's Atlas of US Presidential Elections. David Leip. Retrieved June 7, 2015.  ^ "Independents Become Largest Voting Bloc in New Hampshire". Archived from the original on September 8, 2008. Retrieved December 29, 2008.  ^ Brooks, David (November 11, 2016). "Libertarian Party likely on N.H. ballots by 2018". Concord Monitor. Retrieved December 9, 2016.  ^ "2016 Election Information". NH Secretary of State. February 5, 2016. Retrieved February 8, 2016.  ^ "CBS's Face the Nation : Saint Anselm College". Web.archive.org. November 13, 2008. Archived from the original on November 13, 2008. Retrieved September 4, 2017.  ^ " Saint Anselm College
Saint Anselm College
- Saint Anselm to Host ABC Debates in Dana Center". Web.archive.org. May 11, 2008. Archived from the original on May 11, 2008. Retrieved September 4, 2017. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) ^ William Schpero (January 7, 2008). "Candidates Face Off at St. Anselm's College". CBS News. Retrieved July 31, 2010.  ^ Kocher, Fred (December 22, 2006). "Storm of change sweeps through N.H. Legislature". Mass High Tech: The Journal of New England Technology. Retrieved April 28, 2008.  ^ Senate President Sylvia Larsen, quoted in "Women make up majority in state Senate," New Hampshire
Hampshire
Union Leader, November 6, 2008. ^ Sullivan, Sean (November 9, 2012). "New Hampshire's Democratic wave, explained". The Washington Post. Washington, DC.  ^ Lee, K. k Rebecca Lai, Jasmine C.; Russell, Karl (November 11, 2016). "In a Further Blow to Democrats, Republicans Increase Their Hold on State Governments". Nytimes.com. Retrieved September 4, 2017.  ^ Free State Project
Free State Project
(February 3, 2016). " Free State Project
Free State Project
'Triggers the Move'". Freestateproject.org. The Free State Project. Retrieved February 3, 2016.  ^ "Liberty Forum". Freestateproject.org. The Free State Project. March 21, 2010. Retrieved July 31, 2010.  ^ Liberty Forum Porcupine Festival External (June 27, 2010). "PorcFest". Freestateproject.org. The Free State Project. Retrieved July 31, 2010.  ^ "Draft NHRTA Prioritized Goals" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on June 2, 2010. Retrieved July 31, 2010.  ^ "NH Rail Transit Authority Meeting". Nashua Regional Planning Commission. Archived from the original on June 5, 2009. Retrieved July 31, 2010.  ^ "Business groups unite to support NH Rail Transit Authority". New Hampshire
Hampshire
Journal. Archived from the original on August 23, 2011.  ^ "Governor Lynch's Veto Message Regarding HB 218". Press Releases. Governor John Lynch. Archived from the original on June 19, 2011.  ^ "New Hampshire
Hampshire
State Rail Plan" (PDF). Nh.gov. Retrieved September 4, 2017.  ^ a b "NH Rideshare – Your Source for Transportation Alternatives". NH Dept. of Transportation. Retrieved February 3, 2016.  ^ Grizzell, Emit Duncan (1923). Origin and Development of the High School in New England
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Before 1865. New York: Macmillan Company. p. 181. ISBN 978-1-4067-4258-9. OCLC 1921554.  ^ Bush, George Gary (1898). "№ 22, History of Education in New Hampshire". United States
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Bureau of Education Circular of Information, № 3, 1898. Washington, D. C.: GPO: 134. OCLC 817663.  ^ Wallace, R. Stuart; Hall, Douglas E. "A New Hampshire
Hampshire
Education Timeline" (PDF). New Hampshire
Hampshire
Historical Society. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 25, 2009. Retrieved January 28, 2009.  ^ "The IQ-Trapper". V-weiss.de. Volkmar Weiss. May 30, 2009. Retrieved July 31, 2010.  ^ "ManchesterInkLink.com". Manchester Ink Link. Retrieved December 9, 2016.  ^ "NH Vacations and Travel". New Hampshire
Hampshire
Living. Retrieved February 3, 2016.  ^ Fantino, John A. (July 20, 2008). " Vermont
Vermont
breaks through". Burlington Free Press.  ^ "Bureau of Trails". nhstateparks.org. NH Division of Parks and Recreation. Retrieved February 3, 2016.  ^ "2017 Business Excellence Winner: Robert Lawton of Funspot". www.nhbr.com. November 1, 2017. Retrieved 2017-12-22.  ^ Morse, Susan (July 4, 2004). "Last of the Yankees". Portsmouth Herald. Archived from the original on September 26, 2005. Retrieved July 31, 2010.  ^ Goodman, Tim (September 22, 2013). "'Breaking Bad' Deconstruction, Ep. 15: ' Granite
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Concord Monitor
pg B-6, May 18, 1996 ^ Wang, Beverley (April 26, 2007). "State Senate approves civil unions for same-sex couples". Concord Monitor. Archived from the original on November 3, 2007. Retrieved April 26, 2007. 

Further reading[edit]

Sletcher, Michael (2004). New England. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. ISBN 0-313-32753-X.  Land Use in Cornish, N.H., a 2006 documentary presentation by James M. Patterson of the Valley News, depicts various aspects of the societal and cultural environment of Northern New Hampshire

External links[edit]

Find more aboutNew Hampshireat's sister projects

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Coordinates: 44°00′N 71°30′W / 44°N 71.5°W / 44; -71.5

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 155922170 LCCN: n79007325 ISNI: 0000 0004 0414 9988 GND: 4042002-4 SUDOC: 176291873 BNF:

.