New City, Chicago
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New City is one of
Chicago (''City in a Garden''); I Will , image_map = , map_caption = Interactive map of Chicago , coordinates = , coordinates_footnotes = , subdivision_type = Country , subdivision_name ...

Chicago
's 77
official community areas
official community areas
, located on the southwest side of the city in the South Side district. It contains the neighborhoods of Canaryville and Back of the Yards. The area was home to the famous
Union Stock Yards The Union Stock Yard & Transit Co., or The Yards, was the meatpacking district in Chicago for more than a century, starting in 1865. The district was operated by a group of railroad companies that acquired marshland and turned it into a central ...
that were on Chicago's South Side, until it closed in 1971, and the International Amphitheatre, until it was demolished in 1999.


Neighborhoods


Back of the Yards

Back of the Yards is an industrial and residential neighborhood so named because it was near the former
Union Stock Yards The Union Stock Yard & Transit Co., or The Yards, was the meatpacking district in Chicago for more than a century, starting in 1865. The district was operated by a group of railroad companies that acquired marshland and turned it into a central ...
, which employed thousands of European immigrants in the early 20th century. Life in this neighborhood was explored in Upton Sinclair's 1906 novel ''The Jungle''. The area was formerly part of the town of Lake Township, Cook County, Illinois, Lake until it was annexed by
Chicago (''City in a Garden''); I Will , image_map = , map_caption = Interactive map of Chicago , coordinates = , coordinates_footnotes = , subdivision_type = Country , subdivision_name ...

Chicago
in 1889. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the area was occupied largely by Eastern European immigrants and their descendants, who were predominantly ethnic Bohemian, Moravians (ethnic group), Moravian, and Slovaks, Slovak. In the 1930s, the activist Saul Alinsky did community organizing in this area, as its people suffered during the Great Depression. This work led to his founding the Industrial Areas Foundation in 1940, which trained community organizers. Jane Jacobs in her 1961 book, ''The Death and Life of Great American Cities'', cites the Back of the Yards as an area able to "unslum" in the 1960s, due to a beneficial set of circumstances. This included a stabilized community base with skilled members who were willing to trade work to upgrade housing, as well as active and well-led local social and political organizations. Jacobs often cited the Back of the Yards as a model for other depressed neighborhoods to follow to upgrade their communities. Some time after the 1970s, when the stockyard operations closed and the number of nearby jobs decreased, many people left to move to newer housing and work in the suburbs. The population of the neighborhood gradually reflected a new wave of settlement, predominantly Mexican-American.


Canaryville

The Canaryville neighborhood is one of the oldest neighborhoods in Chicago, and borders the Bridgeport, Chicago, Bridgeport neighborhood. According to the ''Encyclopedia of Chicago'', the neighborhood extends from Pershing Road to 49th Street and centers around Halsted Street. The area's residents enjoyed the development, and then saw the decline, of the meat packing industry, when Chicago was ''Hog Butcher To The World''. Many of its residents found other work in the post–World War II years. Historically, Canaryville was a largely Irish American neighborhood. The Irish people, Irish immigrated to Chicago beginning in the mid-19th century and defended their territory here against later arrivals, including other White people, Whites, and African American, Blacks, Hispanics, and Asian people, Asians. Its gangs were active in attacks on Blacks in the Chicago Race Riot of 1919, race riot of 1919. Since the late 20th century, Mexican people, Mexican immigrants and their descendants have moved into the area. Canaryville's name may refer to the sparrows who fed in the stockyards and railroad cars in the late 1800s. The name may also refer to white youth gangs in the neighborhood from the early 1900s, who were known as "wild canaries"."Canaryville"
''Encyclopedia of Chicago''


Politics

The New City community area has supported the Democratic Party (United States), Democratic Party in the past two presidential elections. In the United States presidential election in Illinois, 2016, 2016 presidential election, New City cast 8,897 votes for Hillary Clinton and cast 1,331 votes for Donald Trump (84.40% to 12.63%). In the United States presidential election in Illinois, 2012, 2012 presidential election, New City cast 9,053 votes for Barack Obama and cast 1,009 votes for Mitt Romney (89.36% to 9.96%).


References


External links


Official City of Chicago New City Community MapBack of the Yards Neighborhood Council
(oldest community organization in the United States, founded by Alinsky in 1939) {{Chicago Community areas of Chicago South Side, Chicago