New Brunswick (French: Nouveau-Brunswick; Canadian French
pronunciation: [nuvobʁɔnzwɪk] ( listen)) is one of three
Maritime provinces on the east coast of Canada.
The original inhabitants of the land were the Mi'kmaq, the Maliseet,
Being relatively close to Europe,
New Brunswick was among the first
North America to be explored and settled, starting with the
French in the early 1600s, who eventually colonized most of the
Maritimes and some of
Maine as the colony of Acadia. The area was
caught up in the global conflict between the British and French
empires, and in 1755 became part of Nova Scotia, to be partitioned off
in 1784 following an influx of refugees from the American
In 1785, Saint John became the first incorporated city in Canada. The
same year, the
University of New Brunswick
University of New Brunswick became one of the first
universities in North America. The province prospered in the early
1800s due to logging, shipbuilding, and related activities. The
population grew rapidly in part due to waves of Irish immigration to
Saint John and Miramichi regions, reaching about a quarter of a
million by mid-century. In 1867
New Brunswick was one of four founding
provinces of Canada, along with Nova Scotia, Quebec, and Ontario.
After confederation, wooden shipbuilding and lumbering declined, while
protectionist policy disrupted traditional economic patterns with New
England. The mid-1900s found
New Brunswick to be one of the poorest
regions of Canada, but that has been mitigated somewhat by federal
transfer payments and improved support for rural areas.
As of 2002, provincial gross domestic product was derived as follows:
services (about half being government services & public
administration) 43%; construction, manufacturing, and utilities 24%;
real estate rental 12%; wholesale & retail 11%; agriculture,
forestry, fishing, hunting, mining, oil and gas extraction 5%;
transportation & warehousing 5%.
According to the Constitution of
New Brunswick is the only
bilingual province. About two thirds of the population declare
themselves anglophones and a third francophones. One third of the
overall population describe themselves as bilingual. Atypically for
Canada, only about half of the population lives in urban areas, mostly
in the capital Fredericton, Greater Moncton, and Greater Saint John.
Unlike the other Maritime provinces, New Brunswick's terrain is mostly
forested uplands, with much of the land further from the coast, giving
it a harsher climate.
New Brunswick is 83% forested, and less
densely-populated than the rest of the Maritimes.
Tourism accounts for about 9% of the labour force directly or
indirectly. Popular destinations include
Fundy National Park
Fundy National Park and the
Hopewell Rocks, Kouchibouguac National Park, and Roosevelt Campobello
International Park. In 2013, 64 cruise ships called at Port of Saint
John carrying on average 2600 passengers each.
1.2 French colony
1.3 British colony
1.5 Modern New Brunswick
2.2 Flora & fauna
2.3.2 Climate change
3.1 Ethnicity & language
6.2 Administrative divisions
6.3 Provincial finances
7.3 Visual arts
7.5 Performing arts, events, and festivals
7.7 Historic sites
8 See also
10 External links
Main article: History of New Brunswick
Indigenous peoples have been present in the area since about 7000 BC.
At the time of European contact, inhabitants were the Mi'kmaq, the
Maliseet, and the Passamaquoddy. Although these tribes did not leave a
written record, their language is present in many placenames, such as
Aroostook, Bouctouche, Petitcodiac, Quispamsis, and Shediac.
New Brunswick may have been part of Vinland, the area explored by
Vikings, and the
Bay of Fundy
Bay of Fundy may have been visited in the early 1500s
by Basque, Breton, and Norman fishermen.
Acadia in 1757
The first documented European visits were by
Jacques Cartier in 1534.
A party led by Pierre du Gua de Monts and
Samuel de Champlain
Samuel de Champlain visited
the mouth of the Saint John River on the eponymous Saint-Jean-Baptiste
Day in 1604. Now Saint John, this was later the site of the first
permanent European settlement in New Brunswick. French settlement
extended up the river to the site of present-day Fredericton.
Other settlements in the southeast extended from Beaubassin, near the
present-day border with Nova Scotia, and extending to Baie Verte, and
up the Petitcodiac, Memramcook, and Shepody Rivers.
By the early 1700s the area that is now
New Brunswick was part of the
French colony of Acadia, which was in turn part of New France. Acadia
comprised most of what is now the Maritimes, as well as parts of
Québec and Maine. The peace and prosperity of the colony was ended by
rivalry between Britain and
France for control of territory in Europe
North America starting in the early 1700s. With the 1713 Treaty of
Utrecht, the part of
Acadia today known as peninsular Nova Scotia
became another British colony on the eastern seaboard. Île Saint-Jean
(Prince Edward Island) and Île Royale (Cape Breton Island) remained
French. The ownership of
New Brunswick was disputed, with an informal
border on the Isthmus of Chignecto.
To defend the area, the French built Fort Nashwaak, Fort Boishebert,
Fort Menagoueche in Bay of Fundy, and in the southeast Fort Gaspareaux
and Fort Beauséjour. The latter was captured by British and New
England troops in 1755, followed soon after by the Expulsion of the
The Coming of the Loyalists, painting by Henry Sandham, showing a
romanticised view of the Loyalists' arrival in New Brunswick
New Brunswick became part of the colony of Nova Scotia.
Hostilities ended with the Treaty of Paris in 1763, and Acadians
returning from exile discovered several thousand immigrants, mostly
from New England, on their former lands. Some settled around
Memramcook and along the Saint John River.
Settlement was initially slow. Pennsylvanian immigrants founded
Moncton in 1766. An American settlement also developed at Saint John,
and English settlers from Yorkshire arrived in the Sackville area.
After the American Revolution, about 10,000 loyalist refugees settled
along the north shore of the Bay of Fundy, commemorated in the
province's motto, Spem reduxit ("hope restored"). In 1784 New
Brunswick was partitioned from Nova Scotia, and that year saw its
first elected assembly. The colony was named
New Brunswick in
honour of George III, King of Great Britain, King of Ireland, and
prince-elector of the
Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg in what is now
Germany. In 1785 Saint John became Canada's first incorporated
New Brunswick has limited arable land, the 1800s saw an age
of prosperity based on wood export and shipbuilding, bolstered by
Canadian–American Reciprocity Treaty of 1854 and demand from the
American Civil War. St. Martins became the third most productive
shipbuilding town in the Maritimes, producing over 500 vessels.
The first half of the 1800s saw large-scale immigration from Ireland
and Scotland, with the population reaching 252,047 by 1861.
In 1848, responsible home government was granted and the 1850s saw
the emergence of political parties largely organised along religious
and ethnic lines.
The first of the British
North America Acts, 1867
The notion of unifying the separate colonies of British North America
was discussed increasingly in the 1860s. Many felt that the American
Civil war was the result of weak central government, and wished to
avoid such violence and chaos. The 1864 Charlottetown Conference
had been intended to discuss a Maritime Union, but concerns over
possible conquest by the Americans coupled with a belief that Britain
was unwilling to defend its colonies against American attack led to a
request from the Province of
Ontario and Quebec) to expand
the scope of the meeting. In 1866 the US cancelled the
Canadian–American Reciprocity Treaty leading to loss of trade with
New England and prompting a desire to build trade within British North
Fenian raids increased support for union.
On 1 July 1867
New Brunswick entered the
Canadian Confederation along
with Nova Scotia,
Quebec and Ontario.
Modern New Brunswick
Confederation brought into existence the
Intercolonial Railway in
1872, a consolidation of the existing
Nova Scotia Railway, European
and North American Railway, and Grand Trunk Railway. In 1879 John A.
Macdonald's Conservatives enacted the
National Policy which called for
high tariffs and opposed free trade, disrupting the trading
relationship between the Maritimes and New England. The economic
situation was worsened by the decline of the wooden ship building
industry. The railways and tariffs did foster the growth of new
industries in the province such as textile manufacturing, iron mills,
and sugar refineries, many of which eventually failed to compete
with better capitalized industry in central Canada.
New Brunswick had the highest infant mortality and illiteracy
rates in Canada. At the end of the
Great Depression the New
Brunswick standard of living was much below the Canadian average. In
Rowell–Sirois Commission reported that federal government
attempts to manage the depression illustrated grave flaws in the
Canadian constitution. While the federal government had most of the
revenue gathering powers, the provinces had many expenditure
responsibilities such as healthcare, education, and welfare, which
were becoming increasingly expensive. The Commission recommended the
creation of equalization payments, implemented in 1957.
Acadians in northern
New Brunswick had long been geographically
and linguistically isolated from the more numerous English speakers to
the south. The population of French origin grew dramatically after
Confederation, from about 16 per cent in 1871 to 34 per cent in
1931. Government services were often not available in French, and
the infrastructure in Francophone areas was less developed than
elsewhere. In 1960 Premier
Louis Robichaud embarked on the New
Brunswick Equal Opportunity program, in which education, rural road
maintenance, and healthcare fell under the sole jurisdiction of a
provincial government that insisted on equal coverage throughout the
province, rather than the former county-based system.
The flag of New Brunswick, based on the coat of arms, was adopted in
1965. The conventional heraldic representations of a lion and a ship
represent colonial ties with Europe, and the importance of shipping at
the time the coat of arms was assigned.
Topography of the province
Main article: Geography of New Brunswick
New Brunswick is bordered on the north by Quebec, on
the east by the Atlantic Ocean, on the south by the Bay of Fundy, and
on the west by the US state of Maine. The southeast corner of the
province is connected to
Nova Scotia at the isthmus of Chignecto.
Glaciation has left much of New Brunswick's uplands with only shallow,
acidic soils which have discouraged settlement, but are home to
New Brunswick is within the
Appalachian Mountains and is divided
The Chaleur Uplands, extending from
Maine to the north of the province
and drained by the Saint John and Restigouche rivers.
Notre Dame Mountains
Notre Dame Mountains in the northwest corner, where elevation
varies from 150 to 610m, there are many small lakes and steep slopes.
New Brunswick Highlands, which includes the Caledonia, St. Croix,
and Miramichi Highlands.
The Lowlands in the central and eastern parts. This low-lying area is
mostly under 100m above sea level, and altitudes rarely exceed 180m.
All of the rivers of
New Brunswick drain either into the Gulf of Saint
Lawrence to the east, or into the
Bay of Fundy
Bay of Fundy to the south. These
watersheds include lands in
Quebec and Maine.
During the glacial period
New Brunswick was covered by thick layers of
ice. It cut U-shaped valleys in the Saint John and Nepisiguit River
valleys, and pushed granite boulders from the Mirimachi highlands
south and east, leaving them as erratics when the ice receded at the
end of the Wisconsin glaciation, along with deposits such as the
eskers between Woodstock and St George, today sources of sand and
Flora & fauna
Most of New Brunswick is forested, nearly all tertiary or
secondary forest. Some boreal forest exists in the uplands of the
extreme of the province, and in the central highlands. This area is
characterized by spruce and fir. Most of the forest is Acadian forest.
Hillsides are dominated by hardwoods like yellow birch, beech, and
sugar maple, while moister soils are dominated by red spruce and other
conifers. Red spruce and tamarack are often subjected to outbreaks of
spruce budworm, and over 3,600,000 hectares were sprayed at least once
between 1952 and 1967.
Forest ecosystems support large carnivores such as the bobcat, Canada
lynx, and black bear, and the large herbivores moose and white-tailed
Fiddlehead greens are harvested from the Ostrich fern which grows on
Furbish's lousewort a perennial herb endemic to the shores of the
upper Saint John River, is an endangered species threatened by habitat
destruction, riverside development, forestry, littering and
recreational use of the riverbank. Many wetlands are being
disrupted by the highly invasive
Introduced species purple
New Brunswick's climate is more severe that that of the other Maritime
provinces, which are lower and have more shoreline along the
New Brunswick has a humid continental climate, with
slightly milder winters on the Gulf of St. Lawrence coastline.
Elevated parts of the far north of the province have a subarctic
Below is data for
Fredericton from 1981 to 2010. The climate if
similar across the province, although places near the coast are
slightly cooler in July (Saint John's maximum 22 to Fredericton's 25)
and milder in January (Saint John's minimum −2 to
Fredericton gets 130 frost free days from 18 May to 24
Climate data for
Fredericton 1981 to 2010 Canadian Climate Normals
Average high °C (°F)
Daily mean °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Average snowfall cm (inches)
Source: Environment and Natural Resources Canada
Evidence of climate change in
New Brunswick includes: more intense
precipitation events, more frequent winter thaws, and one quarter to
half the amount of snowpack.
Today the sea level is about 30 cm higher than it was 100 years
ago, and is expected to rise twice that much again by the year
Bay of Fundy
Bay of Fundy rock formations
Bedrock types range from 1 billion to 200 million years old. Much
of the bedrock in the west and north derives from ocean deposits in
the Ordovician, which were then subject to folding and igneous
intrusion, and were eventually covered with lava during the Paleozoic,
peaking during the Acadian orogeny.
Carboniferous era, about 340 million years ago, New
Brunswick was in the Maritimes Basin, a sedimentary basin near the
equator. Sediments, brought by rivers from surrounding highlands,
accumulated there and after being compressed, producing the Albert oil
shales of southern New Brunswick. Eventually sea water from the
Panthalassic Ocean invaded the basin, forming the Windsor Sea. Once
this receded, conglomerates, sandstones, and shales accumulated. The
rust colour of these was caused by the oxidation of iron in the beds
between wet and dry periods. Such late carboniferous rock formed
the Hopewell Rocks, which have been shaped by the extreme tidal range
of the Bay of Fundy.
In the early Triassic, as
Pangea drifted north it was rent apart,
forming the rift valley that is the Bay of Fundy.
Magma pushed up
through the cracks, forming basalt columns on Grand Manan.
Main article: Demographics of New Brunswick
New Brunswick is the eighth-most populous province in
751,171 residents as of the
Canada 2011 Census.
The urban-rural split has been, since 1951, roughly even, whereas
previously the province had been largely rural. Since 1971, the
year in which the overall Canadian rural population fell below 25%,
the province has been an outlier in this statistical category, along
with the other Atlantic provinces.
New Brunswick's 107 municipalities cover
7000860000000000000♠8.6% of the province's land mass but are home to
7001653000000000000♠65.3% of its population. The three major urban
areas are in the south of the province and are:
Greater Saint John, population 122,389. One of the busiest shipping
Canada in terms of gross tonnage. It is the home of Canada's
biggest oil refinery, a liquefied natural gas terminal, Moosehead,
Canada's oldest independent brewery, and the headquarters of Irving
Greater Moncton, population 126,424. Moncton's economy is based on the
transportation, distribution, retail and commercial sectors, with
strengths in banking, insurance, healthcare and education. The
Moncton is the provincial francophone university.
Fredericton (the provincial capital) population 85,688. The
Fredericton is tied to the governmental, military, and
Ethnicity & language
Bilingual highway sign at entrance to New Brunswick
Acadians celebrating the
National Acadian Day
National Acadian Day in
Caraquet, New Brunswick
In the 2001 census, the most commonly reported ethnicities were French
Canadian or Acadian 31%, British Isles 60%, other European 7%, First
Asian Canadian 2%. Each person could choose more than one
According to the Canadian Constitution, both English and French are
the official languages of New Brunswick, making it the only
officially bilingual province. Anglophone New Brunswickers make up
roughly two-thirds of the population, with about one-third being
Francophone. Recently there has been growth in the numbers of people
reporting themselves as bilingual, with 34% reporting that they speak
both English and French. This reflects a trend across Canada.
In the 2011 census, 15 per cent of New Brunswickers declared
themselves unaffiliated with any religion, while 84 per cent reported
themselves as Christian, of which 52% were Roman Catholic, 8%
Baptist, 8% United Church of Canada, and 7% Anglican.
As of October 2017 seasonally-adjusted employment is 73,400 for the
goods-producing sector, and 280,900 for the services-producing
Those in the goods producing industries are mostly employed in
manufacturing or construction, while those in services work in social
assistance, trades, and health care.
The US is the province's largest export market, accounting for 92% of
a foreign trade valued in 2014 at almost $13 billion, with refined
petroleum making up 63% of that, followed by seafood products, pulp,
paper and sawmill products and non-metallic minerals (chiefly potash).
More than 13,000 New Brunswickers work in agriculture, shipping
products worth over $1 billion, half of which is from crops, and half
of that from potatoes, mostly in the Saint John River valley. McCain
Foods is one of the world's largest manufacturers of frozen potato
products. Other products include apples, cranberries, and maple
New Brunswick was in 2015 the biggest producer of wild
blueberries in Canada.
The value of the livestock sector is about a quarter of a billion
dollars, nearly half of which is dairy. Other sectors include poultry,
fur, and goats, sheep, and pigs.
The value of exports, mostly to the United States, was $1.6 billion in
2016. About half of that came from lobster. Other products include
salmon, crab, and herring.
About 83% of
New Brunswick is forested. Historically important, it
accounted for more than 80% of exports in the mid 1800s. By the end of
the 1800s the industry, and shipbuilding, were declining due to
external economic factors. The 1920s saw the development of a pulp and
paper industry. In the mid-1960s, forestry practices changed from the
controlled harvests of a commodity to the cultivation of the
The industry employs nearly 12,000, generating revenues around $437
Mining was historically unimportant in the province, but since the
1950s has grown and in 2012 was an estimated $1.1 billion. Mines in
New Brunswick produce lead, zinc, copper, and potash.
In 2015, spending on non-resident tourism in
New Brunswick was $441
million, which provided $87 million in tax revenue.
See also: List of airports in New Brunswick
Confederation Bridge connecting NB to PEI
The Department of Transportation and Infrastructure maintains
government facilities and the province's highway network and ferries.
Canada Highway is not under federal jurisdiction, and
traverses the province from
Edmundston following the Saint John River
Valley, through Fredericton, Moncton, and on to
Nova Scotia and PEI.
Via Rail's Ocean service, which connects
Montreal to Halifax, is
currently the oldest continuously operated passenger route North
America, with stops from west to east at Campbellton, Charlo, Jacquet
River, Petit Rocher, Bathurst, Miramichi, Rogersville, Moncton, and
Canadian National Railway
Canadian National Railway operates freight services along the same
route, as well as a subdivision from
Moncton to Sain John.
New Brunswick Southern Railway, a division of J.D. Irving Limited,
together with its sister company Eastern
Maine Railway form a
continuous 305 km (190 mi) main line connecting Saint John
and Brownville Junction, Maine.
Energy Capacity by source in NB
Fossil Fuel (54.7%)
Other Renewables (7.9%)
NB Power operates 13 of New Brunswick's generating
stations, deriving power from fuel oil and diesel (1497 MW), hydro
(889 MW), nuclear (660 MW), and coal (467 MW). There were 30 active
natural gas production sites in 2012.
NB Legislative Building, seat of
New Brunswick Government since 1882
Under Canadian federalism, power is divided between federal and
provincial governments. Among areas under federal jurisdiction are
citizenship, foreign affairs, national defence, fisheries, criminal
law, Indian policies, and many others. Provincial jurisdiction covers
public lands, health, education, and local government, among other
things. Jurisdiction is shared for immigration, pensions, agriculture,
The parliamentary system of government is modelled on the British
Westminster system. Forty-nine representatives, nearly always members
of political parties, are elected to the Legislative Assembly of New
Brunswick. The head of government is the Premier of New Brunswick,
normally the leader of the party or coalition with the most seats in
the legislative assembly. Governance is handled by the executive
council (cabinet), with about 32 ministries.
Ceremonial duties of the
Monarchy in New Brunswick
Monarchy in New Brunswick are mostly carried
out by the Lieutenant Governor of New Brunswick.
Under amendments to the province's Legislative Assembly Act in 2007, a
provincial election is held every four years. The two main political
parties are the
New Brunswick Liberal Association
New Brunswick Liberal Association and the Progressive
Conservative Party of New Brunswick.
The Court of Appeal of
New Brunswick is the highest provincial court.
It hears appeals from:
The Court of Queen's Bench of New Brunswick: has jurisdiction over
family law and major criminal and civil cases, and is divided
accordingly into two divisions: Family and Trial. It also hears
Probate Court of New Brunswick: has jurisdiction over estates of
The Provincial Court of New Brunswick: nearly all cases involving the
criminal code start here.
The system consists of eight Judicial Districts, loosely based on the
Chief Justice of New Brunswick serves at the apex of
this court structure.
Administrative areas of New Brunswick:
Local service district
Ninety-two per cent of the land in the province, inhabited by about
35% of the population, is under provincial administration and has no
local, elected representation. The 51% of the province that is Crown
land is administered by the Department of Energy and Resource
Most of the province is administrated as a local service district
(LSD), an unincorporated unit of local governance. As of 2017 there
are 237 LSDs. Services, paid for by property taxes, include a variety
of services such as fire protection, solid waste management, street
lighting, and dog regulation. LSDs may elect advisory committees
and work with the Department of Local Government to recommend how to
spend locally collected taxes.
In 2006 there were three rural communities. This is a relatively new
entity, and to be created requires a population of 3,000 and a tax
base of $200 million.
In 2006 there were 101 municipalities.
Regional Service Commissions, which number 12, were introduced in 2013
to regulate regional planning and solid waste disposal, and provide a
forum for discussion on a regional level of police and emergency
services, climate change adaptation planning, and regional sport,
recreational and cultural facilities. The commissions' administrative
councils are populated by the mayors of each municipality or rural
community within a region.
Historically the province was divided into counties with elected
governance, but this was abolished in 1966. These were subdivided into
152 parishes which also lost their political significance in 1966, but
are still used as census subdivisions by Statistics Canada.
New Brunswick has the most poorly-performing economy of any Canadian
province, with a per capita income of $28,000. The government has
historically run at a large deficit. With about half of the population
being rural, it is expensive for the government to provide education
and health services, which account for 60 per cent of government
expenditure. Thirty-six per cent of the provincial budget is covered
by federal cash transfers.
The government has frequently attempted to create employment through
subsidies, which has often failed to generate long-term economic
prosperity and resulted in bad debt, examples of which include
Bricklin, Atcon, and the Marriott call centre in Fredericton.
According to a 2014 study by the Atlantic Institute for Market Studies
the large public debt is a very serious problem. Government revenues
are shrinking because of a decline in federal transfer payments.
Though expenditures are down (through government pension reform and a
reduction in the number of public employees), they have increased
relative to GDP, necessitating further measures to reduce debt in
In the 2014–15 fiscal year, provincial debt reached $12.2 billion or
37.7 per cent of nominal GDP, an increase over the $10.1 billion
recorded in 2011–12. The debt-to-GDP ratio is projected to reach
41.9% in 2017–2018, compared to a ratio of 25% in 2007–2008.
Main article: Education in New Brunswick
Sir Howard Douglas Hall
Sir Howard Douglas Hall on the
University of New Brunswick
University of New Brunswick Fredericton
campus, currently the oldest university building still in use in
Public education in the province is administered by the NB Department
New Brunswick has a parallel system of Anglophone and
Francophone public schools. There are also secular and religious
private schools in the province, such as the
Moncton Flight College.
New Brunswick Community College
New Brunswick Community College system has campuses in all regions
of the province.
The two comprehensive provincial universities are the University of
New Brunswick (
Fredericton and Saint John) and the Université de
Moncton (Moncton, Shippegan and Edmundston). These have extensive
postgraduate programs and Law schools. Medical education programs have
also been established at both the Université de
Moncton and at UNBSJ
in Saint John (affiliated with
Université de Sherbrooke
Université de Sherbrooke and Dalhousie
University respectively). Other public funded universities include
Mount Allison University
Mount Allison University in Sackville and Saint Thomas University in
Mount Allison University
Mount Allison University is a highly regarded
undergraduate university with over 50 Rhodes Scholars to its credit.
There are several private universities in the province as well, the
Crandall University in Moncton.
Charles G. D. Roberts
Julia Catherine Beckwith
Julia Catherine Beckwith born in Fredericton, was Canada's first
Charles G. D. Roberts
Charles G. D. Roberts was one of the first
Canadians to achieve international fame.
Antonine Maillet was the
first non-European winner of France’s Prix Goncourt. Other modern
writers include Alfred Bailey, Alden Nowlan, John Thompson, Douglas
Lochhead, K. V. Johansen, David Adams Richards, Raymond Fraser, and
France Daigle. A recent
New Brunswick Lieutenant-Governor,
Herménégilde Chiasson, is a poet and playwright.
The Fiddlehead, established in 1945 at UNB, is Canada’s oldest
Mount Allison University
Mount Allison University in Sackville began offering classes in 1854.
The program came into its own under John A. Hammond, from 1893 to
Alex Colville and
Lawren Harris later studied and taught art
there and both
Christopher Pratt and Mary Pratt were trained at Mount
Allison. The University’s art gallery – which opened in 1895 and
is named for its patron, John Owens of Saint John – is Canada’s
New Brunswick artists include landscape painter Jack
Humphrey, sculptor Claude Roussel, and Miller Brittain.
Music of New Brunswick includes artists such as Henry Burr, Roch
Voisine, Lenny Breau, and Édith Butler. Symphony New Brunswick, based
in Saint John, tours extensively in the province.
Performing arts, events, and festivals
The Atlantic Ballet Theatre of
Canada (based in Moncton), tours
nationally and internationally.
Theatre New Brunswick (based in
Fredericton), tours plays around the province. Canadian playwright
Norm Foster saw his early works premiere at TNB. Other live theatre
troops include the Théatre populaire d'Acadie in Caraquet, and Live
Bait Theatre in Sackville. The refurbished Imperial and Capitol
Theatres are found in Saint John and Moncton, respectively; the more
modern Playhouse is located in Fredericton.
New Brunswick has four daily newspapers: the Times & Transcript,
serving eastern New Brunswick, the Telegraph-Journal, based in Saint
John and distributed province-wide, The Daily Gleaner, based in
Fredericton, and L'Acadie Nouvelle, based in Caraquet. The three
English-language dailies and the majority of the weeklies are owned
and operated by Brunswick News, privately owned by J.K. Irving.
Canadian Broadcasting Corporation
Canadian Broadcasting Corporation has Anglophone television and
radio operations in Fredericton. Télévision de Radio-
Canada is based
Miscou Island Lighthouse
There are about 61 historic places in New Brunswick, including Fort
Kings Landing Historical Settlement
Kings Landing Historical Settlement and the Village
Historique Acadien, and many
New Brunswick museums.
New Brunswick portal
List of people from New Brunswick
Bibliography of New Brunswick
New Brunswick Environmental and Heritage Acts
New Brunswick general elections (post-Confederation)
Scouting and Guiding in New Brunswick
List of National Historic Sites of
Canada in New Brunswick
List of protected areas of New Brunswick
List of premiers of New Brunswick
New Brunswick case law
Order of New Brunswick
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Retrieved November 12, 2017.
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Wikimedia Commons has media related to New Brunswick.
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Look up new brunswick in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
Official site of Tourism New Brunswick
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Subdivisions of New Brunswick
Local service districts
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1 Associate member.
2 Provisionally referred to by the Francophonie as the "former
Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia"; see Macedonia naming dispute.
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