Nevada District Courts
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In the Nevada state court system, the Nevada District Courts are the
trial court A trial court or court of first instance is a court A court is any person or institution, often as a government institution, with the authority to Adjudication, adjudicate legal disputes between Party (law), parties and carry out the admin ...
s of
general jurisdiction {{Globalize, article, USA, 2name=the United States, date=December 2010 A court of general jurisdiction is a court with authority to hear cases of all kinds – criminal law, criminal, civil law (common law), civil, family law, family, probate, an ...
, where criminal, civil, family, and juvenile matters are generally resolved through arbitration, mediation, and bench or jury trials. The District Courts also hear
appeal In law, an appeal is the process in which cases are reviewed by a higher authority, where parties request a formal change to an official decision. Appeals function both as a process for error correction as well as a process of clarifying and ...
s from the
limited jurisdiction Limited jurisdiction, or special jurisdiction, is the court's jurisdiction only on certain types of cases such as bankruptcy, and Family law, family matters. Courts of limited jurisdiction, as opposed to general jurisdiction, derive power from an i ...
state courts, which are composed of 17 Municipal Courts (which handle involving
traffic ticket A traffic ticket is a notice issued by a law enforcement official to a Driving, motorist or other road user, indicating that the user has violated Traffic, traffic laws. Traffic tickets generally come in two forms, citing a moving violation, suc ...
and
misdemeanor A misdemeanor (American English, spelled misdemeanour elsewhere) is any "lesser" crime, criminal act in some common law legal systems. Misdemeanors are generally punishment, punished less severely than more serious felony, felonies, but theor ...
violations of ordinances occurring within the
city limits City limits or city boundaries refer to the defined boundary or border of a city A city is a human settlement of notable size.Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1 ...
of incorporated municipalities) and 45 Justice Courts (which handle misdemeanor crime and traffic matters,
small claims Small-claims courts have limited jurisdiction to hear Civil law (common law), civil cases between private litigants. Courts authorized to try small claims may also have other judicial functions, and go by different names in different jurisdiction ...
,
eviction Eviction is the removal of a tenant from rental property by the landlord. In some jurisdictions it may also involve the removal of persons from premises that were foreclosed by a mortgagee (often, the prior owners who defaulted on a mort ...
s, and other civil matters in which the
amount in controversy Amount in controversy (sometimes called jurisdictional amount) is a term used in civil procedure to denote the amount at stake in a lawsuit, in particular in connection with a requirement that persons seeking to bring a lawsuit in a particular cour ...
is less than $10,000, as well as
felony A felony is traditionally considered a crime of high seriousness, whereas a misdemeanor is regarded as less serious. The term "felony" originated from English common law (from the French medieval word "félonie") to describe an offense that resul ...
and
gross misdemeanor In United States law Law is a set of rules that are created and are law enforcement, enforceable by social or governmental institutions to regulate behavior,Robertson, ''Crimes against humanity'', 90. with its precise definition a matter of ...
arraignment Arraignment is a formal reading of a Crime, criminal charging document in the presence of the defendant, to inform them of the Criminal charge, charges against them. In response to arraignment, the accused is expected to enter a plea. Acceptable ...
s and
preliminary hearing Within some criminal justice, criminal justice systems, a preliminary hearing, preliminary examination, preliminary inquiry, evidentiary hearing or probable cause hearing is a proceeding, after a criminal complaint has been filed by the prosecuto ...
s to determine if sufficient evidence exists for a trial in the District Court). Appeals from the Nevada District Courts are taken directly by the
Supreme Court of Nevada The Supreme Court of Nevada is the highest state court of the U.S. state of Nevada, and the head of the Nevada Judiciary. The main constitutional function of the Supreme Court is to review appeals made directly from the decisions of the dist ...
. Following a deflective model of appeals, the Supreme Court of Nevada has discretion to assign cases to the three-member Court of Appeals. It is expected that most cases will be finally resolved by the Court of Appeals, from which further appeal will be heard by the Supreme Court of Nevada only in extraordinary cases. There are 82 judges sitting in 11 district courts, each covering one or more of Nevada's 16 counties and one independent city:Nev. Rev. Stat. 3.011 et seq.
/ref> *First Judicial District – Carson City (
independent city An independent city or independent town is a city or town that does not form part of another general-purpose local government entity (such as a province). Historical precursors In the Holy Roman Empire The Holy Roman Empire was a Polity, p ...
) and Storey County. 2 judges. *Second Judicial District – Washoe County. 15 judges (6 family court, 9 civil/criminal court). *Third Judicial District – Lyon County. 2 judges. *Fourth Judicial District –
Elko County Elko County is a county A county is a geographic region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary, L. Brookes (ed.), 2005, Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd, Edinburgh in certain modern nations. The term is de ...
. 3 judges. *Fifth Judicial District – Esmeralda County and Nye County. 2 judges. *Sixth Judicial District – Humboldt County. 1 judge. *Seventh Judicial District – Eureka County, Lincoln County, and
White Pine County White Pine County is a largely rural, mountain County (United States), county along the central eastern boundary of the U.S. state of Nevada. As of the 2010 United States Census, 2010 census, the population was 10,030. Its county seat is Ely, ...
. 2 judges. *Eighth Judicial District – Clark County (serves the Las Vegas metropolitan area and is the largest of the judicial districts). 52 judges (20 family court, 32 civil/criminal court). *Ninth Judicial District – Douglas County. 2 judges. *Tenth Judicial District – Churchill County. 1 judge. *Eleventh Judicial District - Pershing County, Lander County, and Mineral County. 1 judge.


References

{{reflist Nevada state courts Courts and tribunals with year of establishment missing