HOME
The Info List - Netscape





Netscape
Netscape
is a brand name associated with the development of the Netscape
Netscape
web browser. It is now owned by Oath, Inc., a subsidiary of Verizon. The brand belonged to the Netscape
Netscape
Communications Corporation (formerly Mosaic Communications Corporation), an independent American computer services company, whose headquarters were in Mountain View, California, and later Dulles, Virginia.[2] The browser was once dominant but lost to Internet Explorer
Internet Explorer
and other competitors after the so-called first browser war, its market share falling from more than 90 percent in the mid-1990s[3] to less than 1 percent in 2006.[4] Netscape
Netscape
is credited with creating the JavaScript
JavaScript
programming language, the most widely used language for client-side scripting of web pages. The company is also known for developing SSL which is used for securing online communications that was used before its successor TLS took over.[5] Netscape
Netscape
stock traded from 1995 until 1999 when the company was acquired by AOL
AOL
in a pooling-of-interests transaction ultimately worth US $10 billion.[6][7] Shortly before its acquisition by AOL, Netscape
Netscape
released the source code for its browser and created the Mozilla Organization
Mozilla Organization
to coordinate future development of its product.[8] The Mozilla Organization
Mozilla Organization
rewrote the entire browser's source code based on the Gecko rendering engine;[9] all future Netscape
Netscape
releases were based on this rewritten code. The Gecko engine would later be used to power the Mozilla
Mozilla
Foundation's Firefox
Firefox
browser. Under AOL, Netscape's browser development continued until December 2007 when AOL
AOL
announced that the company would stop supporting the Netscape
Netscape
browser as of early 2008.[10][11] As of 2011, AOL
AOL
has continued to use the Netscape
Netscape
brand to market a discount Internet service provider.[12][13] AOL
AOL
renamed the Netscape Communications Corporation
Netscape Communications Corporation
to New Aurora Corporation and transferred the Netscape
Netscape
brand to themselves. AOL
AOL
sold the former Netscape
Netscape
company now known as New Aurora Corporation to Microsoft
Microsoft
who in turn sold the former Netscape
Netscape
company again to Facebook; the Netscape
Netscape
brand remained with AOL. [clarification needed] The former Netscape
Netscape
company is currently a non-operating subsidiary of Facebook, still known as New Aurora Corporation.

Contents

1 History of the Netscape
Netscape
Communications Corporation

1.1 Early years 1.2 Open sourcing 1.3 Acquisition by America Online 1.4 Disbanding 1.5 Final release of the browser

2 Software

2.1 Classic releases

2.1.1 Netscape Navigator
Netscape Navigator
(versions 0.9–4.08) 2.1.2 Netscape Communicator
Netscape Communicator
(versions 4.0–4.8)

2.2 Mozilla-based releases

2.2.1 Netscape 6
Netscape 6
(versions 6.0–6.2.3) 2.2.2 Netscape 7
Netscape 7
(versions 7.0–7.2)

2.3 Mozilla
Mozilla
Firefox-based releases

2.3.1 Netscape Browser
Netscape Browser
(version 8.0–8.1.3) 2.3.2 Netscape Navigator
Netscape Navigator
(version 9.0)

2.4 End of development and support 2.5 Mozilla
Mozilla
Thunderbird-based releases

2.5.1 Netscape
Netscape
Messenger 9

3 Product list

3.1 Initial product line 3.2 Later Netscape
Netscape
products 3.3 Propeller 3.4 Netscape
Netscape
Search 3.5 Other sites 3.6 Netscape
Netscape
technologies

4 Current services

4.1 Netscape
Netscape
Internet Service 4.2 Netscape.com 4.3 DMOZ 4.4 Netscape
Netscape
Forum Center

5 See also 6 References 7 Further reading 8 External links

History of the Netscape
Netscape
Communications Corporation[edit] Early years[edit]

Netscape
Netscape
Communications wants you to forget all the highway metaphors you've ever heard about the Internet. Instead, think about an encyclopedia—one with unlimited, graphically rich pages, connections to E-mail and files, and access to Internet newsgroups and online shopping.

Netscape
Netscape
Navigator, Macworld
Macworld
(May 1995)[14]

Netscape
Netscape
was the first company to attempt to capitalize on the nascent World Wide Web.[15][16] It was founded under the name Mosaic Communications Corporation on April 4, 1994, the brainchild of Jim Clark who had recruited Marc Andreessen
Marc Andreessen
as co-founder and Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers as investors. The first meeting between Clark and Andreessen was never truly about a software or service like Netscape, but more about a product that was similar to Nintendo.[17] Clark recruited other early team members from SGI and NCSA Mosaic. Jim Barksdale came on board as CEO in January 1995.[16] Jim Clark and Marc Andreessen originally created a 20-page concept pitch for an online gaming network to Nintendo
Nintendo
for the Nintendo
Nintendo
64 console, but a deal was never reached. Marc Andreessen
Marc Andreessen
explains, "If they had shipped a year earlier, we probably would have done that instead of Netscape."[18][18] The company's first product was the web browser, called Mosaic Netscape
Netscape
0.9, released on October 13, 1994. Within four months of its release, it had already taken three-quarters of the browser market.[17] It became the main browser for Internet users in such a short time due to its superiority over other competition, like Mosaic.[17] This browser was subsequently renamed Netscape
Netscape
Navigator, and the company took the 'Netscape' name (coined by employee Greg Sands,[16] although it was also a trademark of Cisco Systems[19]) on November 14, 1994[20] to avoid trademark ownership problems with NCSA, where the initial Netscape
Netscape
employees had previously created the NCSA Mosaic web browser. The Mosaic Netscape
Netscape
web browser did not use any NCSA Mosaic
NCSA Mosaic
code.[21] The internal codename for the company's browser was Mozilla, which stood for "Mosaic killer", as the company's goal was to displace NCSA Mosaic
NCSA Mosaic
as the world's number one web browser.[22] A cartoon Godzilla-like lizard mascot was drawn by artist-employee Dave Titus,[23] which went well with the theme of crushing the competition. The Mozilla
Mozilla
mascot featured prominently on Netscape's web site in the company's early years. However, the need to project a more "professional" image (especially towards corporate clients) led to this being removed.

The original green and purple Mozilla
Mozilla
mascot, a Godzilla-like lizard which represented the company's goal of producing the browser that would be the "Mosaic killer"

On August 9, 1995, Netscape
Netscape
made an extremely successful IPO. The stock was set to be offered at US$14 per share, but a last-minute decision doubled the initial offering to US$28 per share. The stock's value soared to US$75 during the first day of trading, nearly a record for first-day gain. The stock closed at US$58.25, which gave Netscape a market value of US$2.9 billion. While it was unusual for a company to go public prior to becoming profitable, Netscape's revenues had, in fact, doubled every quarter in 1995.[24] The success of this IPO subsequently inspired the use of the term " Netscape
Netscape
moment" to describe a high-visibility IPO that signals the dawn of a new industry.[25][26] During this period, Netscape
Netscape
also pursued a publicity strategy (crafted by Rosanne Siino, then head of public relations) packaging Andreessen as the company's "rock star."[27] The events of this period ultimately landed Andreessen, barefoot, on the cover of Time magazine.[28] Netscape
Netscape
advertised that "the web is for everyone" and stated one of its goals was to "level the playing field" among operating systems by providing a consistent web browsing experience across them. The Netscape
Netscape
web browser interface was identical on any computer. Netscape later experimented with prototypes of a web-based system which would enable users to access and edit their files anywhere across a network, no matter what computer or operating system they happened to be using. This did not escape the attention of Microsoft, which viewed the commoditization of operating systems as a direct threat to its bottom line, i.e. a move from Windows to another operating system would yield a similar browsing experience thus reducing barriers to change. It is alleged that several Microsoft
Microsoft
executives visited the Netscape
Netscape
campus in June 1995 to propose dividing the market (an allegation denied by Microsoft
Microsoft
and, if true, would have breached antitrust laws), which would have allowed Microsoft
Microsoft
to produce web browser software for Windows while leaving all other operating systems to Netscape.[29] Netscape
Netscape
refused the proposition. Microsoft
Microsoft
released version 1.0 of Internet Explorer
Internet Explorer
as a part of the Windows 95
Windows 95
Plus Pack add-on. According to former Spyglass developer Eric Sink, Internet Explorer
Internet Explorer
was based not on NCSA Mosaic
NCSA Mosaic
as commonly believed, but on a version of Mosaic developed at Spyglass[30] (which itself was based upon NCSA Mosaic). Microsoft
Microsoft
quickly released several successive versions of Internet Explorer, bundling them with Windows, never charging for them, financing their development and marketing with revenues from other areas of the company. This period of time became known as the browser wars, in which Netscape Communicator
Netscape Communicator
and Internet Explorer
Internet Explorer
added many new features and went through many version numbers (not always in a logical fashion) in attempts to outdo each other. But Internet Explorer
Internet Explorer
had the upper hand, as the amount of manpower and capital dedicated to it eventually surpassed the resources available in Netscape's entire business. By version 3.0, IE was roughly a feature-for-feature equivalent of Netscape
Netscape
Communicator, and by version 4.0, it was generally considered to be more stable on Windows than on the Macintosh platform. Microsoft
Microsoft
also targeted other Netscape
Netscape
products with free workalikes, such as the Internet Information Server (IIS), a web server which was bundled with Windows NT. Netscape
Netscape
could not compete with this strategy. In fact, it didn't attempt to. Netscape Navigator
Netscape Navigator
was not free to the general public until January 1998,[31] while Internet Explorer
Internet Explorer
and IIS have always been free or came bundled with an operating system and/or other applications. Meanwhile, Netscape
Netscape
faced increasing criticism for the bugs in its products; critics claimed that the company suffered from 'featuritis' – putting a higher priority on adding new features than on making them work properly. This was particularly true with Netscape Navigator 2, which was only on the market for 5 months in early 1996 before being replaced by Netscape Navigator
Netscape Navigator
3. The tide of public opinion, having once lauded Netscape
Netscape
as the David
David
to Microsoft's Goliath, steadily turned negative, especially when Netscape experienced its first bad quarter at the end of 1997 and underwent a large round of lay-offs in January 1998. Later, former Netscape executives Mike Homer and Peter Currie described the period as "hectic and crazy" and that the company was undone by factors both internal and external.[32] Open sourcing[edit] January 1998 was also the month that Netscape
Netscape
started the open source Mozilla
Mozilla
project. Netscape
Netscape
publicly released the source code of Netscape Communicator
Netscape Communicator
4.0 in the hopes that it would become a popular open source project. It placed this code under the Netscape
Netscape
Public License, which was similar to the GNU General Public License
GNU General Public License
but allowed Netscape
Netscape
to continue to publish proprietary work containing the publicly released code. However, after having released the Communicator 4.0 code this way, Netscape
Netscape
proceeded to work on Communicator 4.5 which was focused on improving email and enterprise functionality. It eventually became clear that the Communicator 4.0 browser was too difficult to develop, and open source development was halted on this codebase. Instead, the open source development shifted to a next generation browser built from scratch. Using the newly built Gecko layout engine, this browser had a much more modular architecture than Communicator 4.0 and was therefore easier to develop with a large number of programmers. It also included an XML user interface language named XUL that allowed single development of a user interface that ran on Windows, Macintosh, and Unix. The slogan for this open sourcing effort, "Free The Lizard", carried comedic sexual overtones. The United States
United States
Department of Justice filed an antitrust case against Microsoft
Microsoft
in May 1998. Netscape
Netscape
was not a plaintiff in the case, though its executives were subpoenaed and it contributed much material to the case, including the entire contents of the 'Bad Attitude' internal discussion forum.[33] In October 1998, Netscape acquired web directory site NewHoo for the sum of US$1 million, renamed it the Open Directory Project, and released its database under an open content license. Acquisition by America Online[edit]

This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (October 2008) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

America Online
America Online
(AOL) on November 24, 1998 announced it would acquire Netscape
Netscape
Communications in a tax-free stock-swap valued at US$4.2 billion at the time of the announcement.[34] During this time, Andreessen's view of Netscape
Netscape
changed; to him, it was no longer just a browser, intranet, extranet, or a software company, but rather an amalgamation of products and services.[35] By the time the deal closed on March 17, 1999, it was valued at US$10 billion.[6][7] This merger was ridiculed by many who believed that the two corporate cultures could not possibly mesh; one of its most prominent critics was longtime Netscape
Netscape
developer Jamie Zawinski.[36] The acquisition was seen as a way for AOL
AOL
to gain a bargaining chip against Microsoft, to let it become less dependent on the Internet Explorer
Internet Explorer
web browser. Others believed that AOL
AOL
was interested in Netcenter, or Netscape's web properties, which drew some of the highest traffic worldwide. Eventually, Netscape's server products and its Professional Services group became part of iPlanet, a joint marketing and development alliance between AOL
AOL
and Sun Microsystems. On November 14, 2000, AOL released Netscape
Netscape
6, based on the Mozilla
Mozilla
0.6 source code. (Version 5 was skipped.) Unfortunately, Mozilla
Mozilla
0.6 was far from being stable yet, and so the effect of Netscape 6
Netscape 6
was to further drive people away from the Netscape
Netscape
brand. It was not until August 2001 that Netscape 6.1 appeared, based on Mozilla
Mozilla
0.9.2 which was significantly more robust. A year later came Netscape
Netscape
7.0, based on the Mozilla
Mozilla
1.0 core. Disbanding[edit] During the acquisition of Netscape
Netscape
by AOL, joint development and marketing of Netscape
Netscape
software products would occur through the Sun- Netscape
Netscape
Alliance. The software, in the newly branded iPlanet, included "messaging and calendar, collaboration, web, application, directory, and certificate servers", as well as "production-ready applications for e-commerce, including commerce exchange, procurement, selling, and billing."[37] In March 2002, when the alliance was ended, "iPlanet became a division of Sun... Sun retained the intellectual property rights for all products and the engineering"[38] On July 15, 2003, Time Warner
Time Warner
(formerly AOL
AOL
Time Warner) disbanded Netscape. Most of the programmers were laid-off, and the Netscape
Netscape
logo was removed from the building. However, the Netscape
Netscape
7.2 web browser (developed in-house rather than with Netscape
Netscape
staff, with some work outsourced to Sun's Beijing
Beijing
development center[39]) was released by AOL
AOL
on August 18, 2004.[40] On October 12, 2004, the popular developer website Netscape
Netscape
DevEdge was shut down by AOL. DevEdge was an important resource for Internet-related technologies, maintaining definitive documentation on the Netscape
Netscape
browser, documentation on associated technologies like HTML
HTML
and JavaScript, and popular articles written by industry and technology leaders such as Danny Goodman. Some content from DevEdge has been republished at the Mozilla
Mozilla
website. After the Sun acquisition by Oracle in January 2010, Oracle continued to sell iPlanet branded applications, which originated from Netscape.[41] Applications include: Oracle iPlanet Web Server and Oracle iPlanet Web Proxy Server. Final release of the browser[edit]

Netscape
Netscape
logo 2005–2007, still used in some portals

The Netscape
Netscape
brand name continued to be used extensively. The company once again had its own programming staff devoted to the development and support for the series of web browsers.[42] Additionally, Netscape also maintained the Propeller web portal, which was a popular social-news site, similar to Digg, which was given a new look in June 2006. AOL
AOL
marketed a discount ISP service under the Netscape
Netscape
brand name. A new version of the Netscape
Netscape
browser, Netscape Navigator
Netscape Navigator
9, based on Firefox
Firefox
2, was released in October 2007. It featured a green and grey interface. In November 2007, IE had 77.4% of the browser market, Firefox
Firefox
16.0% and Netscape
Netscape
0.6%, according to Net Applications, an Internet metrics firm.[43] On December 28, 2007, AOL
AOL
announced that on February 1, 2008 it would drop support for the Netscape
Netscape
web browser and would no longer develop new releases.[10] The date was later extended to March 1[11] to allow a major security update and to add a tool to assist users in migrating to other browsers. These additional features were included in the final version of Netscape Navigator
Netscape Navigator
9 (version 9.0.0.6), released on February 20, 2008. Software[edit] Main article: Netscape
Netscape
(web browser) Classic releases[edit] Netscape Navigator
Netscape Navigator
(versions 0.9–4.08)[edit] Main article: Netscape
Netscape
Navigator Netscape Navigator
Netscape Navigator
was Netscape's web browser from versions 1.0–4.8. The first beta versions were released in 1994 and were called Mosaic and later Mosaic Netscape. Then, a legal challenge from the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (makers of NCSA Mosaic), which many of Netscape's founders used to develop, led to the name Netscape Navigator. The company's name also changed from Mosaic Communications Corporation to Netscape
Netscape
Communications Corporation. The browser was easily the most advanced available[citation needed] and so was an instant success, becoming market leader while still in beta.[citation needed] Netscape's feature-count and market share continued to grow rapidly after version 1.0 was released. Version 2.0 added a full email reader called Netscape
Netscape
Mail, thus transforming Netscape
Netscape
from a single-purpose web browser to an Internet suite. The main distinguishing feature of the email client was its ability to display HTML
HTML
email. During this period, the entire suite was called Netscape
Netscape
Navigator. Version 3.0 of Netscape
Netscape
(the first beta was codenamed "Atlas") was the first to face any serious competition in the form of Microsoft Internet Explorer
Internet Explorer
3.0.[44][citation needed] But Netscape
Netscape
easily remained the number one browser for the time being. Netscape
Netscape
also released a Gold version of Navigator 3.0 that incorporated WYSIWYG
WYSIWYG
editing with drag and drop between web editor and email components.[45] Netscape Communicator
Netscape Communicator
(versions 4.0–4.8)[edit]

Netscape Communicator
Netscape Communicator
4.61 for OS/2
OS/2
Warp

Main article: Netscape
Netscape
Communicator Netscape
Netscape
4 addressed the problem of Netscape Navigator
Netscape Navigator
being used as both the name of the suite and the browser contained within it by renaming the suite to Netscape
Netscape
Communicator. After five preview releases in 1996–1997, Netscape
Netscape
released the final version of Netscape Communicator
Netscape Communicator
in June 1997. This version, more or less based on Netscape Navigator
Netscape Navigator
3 Code, updated and added new features. The new suite was successful, despite increasing competition from Internet Explorer (IE) 4.0 and problems with the outdated browser core. IE was slow and unstable on the Mac platform until version 4.5.[citation needed] Despite this, Apple entered into an agreement with Microsoft to make IE the default browser on new Mac OS installations, a further blow to Netscape's prestige.[citation needed] The Communicator suite was made up of Netscape
Netscape
Navigator, Netscape
Netscape
Mail & Newsgroups, Netscape
Netscape
Address Book and Netscape Composer
Netscape Composer
(an HTML
HTML
editor). In January 1998, Netscape Communications Corporation
Netscape Communications Corporation
announced that all future versions of its software would be available free of charge and developed by an open source community, Mozilla. Netscape Communicator 5.0 was announced (codenamed "Gromit"). However, its release was greatly delayed, and meanwhile there were newer versions of Internet Explorer, starting with version 4. These had more features than the old Netscape
Netscape
version, including better support of HTML
HTML
4, CSS, DOM, and ECMAScript; eventually, the more advanced Internet Explorer 5.0 became the market leader. In October 1998, Netscape Communicator
Netscape Communicator
4.5 was released. It featured various functionality improvements, especially in the Mail and Newsgroups component, but did not update the browser core, whose functionality was essentially identical to that of version 4.08. One month later, Netscape Communications Corporation
Netscape Communications Corporation
was bought by AOL. In November, work on Netscape
Netscape
5.0 was canceled in favor of developing a completely new program from scratch. Mozilla-based releases[edit] Netscape 6
Netscape 6
(versions 6.0–6.2.3)[edit] Main article: Netscape
Netscape
6 In 1998, an informal group called the Mozilla Organization
Mozilla Organization
was formed and largely funded by Netscape
Netscape
(the vast majority of programmers working on the code were paid by Netscape) to co-ordinate the development of Netscape 5
Netscape 5
(codenamed "Gromit"), which would be based on the Communicator source code. However, the aging Communicator code proved difficult to work with and the decision was taken to scrap Netscape 5
Netscape 5
and re-write the source code. The re-written source code was in the form of the Mozilla
Mozilla
web browser, on which, with a few additions, Netscape 6
Netscape 6
was based. This decision meant that Netscape's next major version was severely delayed. In the meantime, Netscape
Netscape
was taken over by AOL
AOL
who, acting under pressure from the Web Standards Project, forced its new division to release Netscape
Netscape
6.0 in 2000. The suite again consisted of Netscape Navigator and the other Communicator components, with the addition of a built-in AOL
AOL
Instant Messenger client, Netscape
Netscape
Instant Messenger. However, it was clear that Netscape 6
Netscape 6
was not yet ready for release and it flopped badly. It was based on Mozilla
Mozilla
0.6, which was not ready to be used by the general public yet due to many serious bugs that would cause it to crash often or render web pages slowly. Later versions of Netscape 6
Netscape 6
were much improved[citation needed] (especially 6.2.x was regarded as a good release)[who?], but the browser still struggled to make an impact on a disappointed community.[citation needed] Netscape 7
Netscape 7
(versions 7.0–7.2)[edit] Main article: Netscape
Netscape
7 Netscape
Netscape
7.0 (based on Mozilla
Mozilla
1.0.1) was released in August 2002 as a direct continuation of Netscape 6
Netscape 6
with very similar components. It picked up a few users, but was still very much a minority browser. It did, however, come with the popular Radio@ Netscape
Netscape
Internet radio client. AOL
AOL
had decided to deactivate Mozilla's popup-blocker functionality in Netscape
Netscape
7.0, which created an outrage in the community. AOL
AOL
reversed the decision and allowed Netscape
Netscape
to reinstate the popup-blocker for Netscape
Netscape
7.01. Netscape
Netscape
also introduced a new AOL-free-version (without the usual AOL
AOL
addons) of the browser suite. Netscape
Netscape
7.1 (codenamed "Buffy" and based on Mozilla
Mozilla
1.4) was released in June 2003. In 2003, AOL
AOL
closed down its Netscape
Netscape
division and laid-off or reassigned all of Netscape's employees. Mozilla.org continued, however, as the independent Mozilla
Mozilla
Foundation, taking on many of Netscape's ex-employees. AOL
AOL
continued to develop Netscape
Netscape
in-house (with help from Sun's Beijing
Beijing
development center[39]), but, due to there being no staff committed to it, improvements were minimal. One year later, in August 2004, the last version based on Mozilla
Mozilla
was released: Netscape
Netscape
7.2, based on Mozilla
Mozilla
1.7.2. After an official poll posted on Netscape's community support board in late 2006, speculation arose of the Netscape 7
Netscape 7
series of suites being fully supported and updated by Netscape's in-house development team.[46][47][48] This was not to be. Mozilla
Mozilla
Firefox-based releases[edit] Netscape Browser
Netscape Browser
(version 8.0–8.1.3)[edit] Between 2005 and 2007, Netscape's releases became known as Netscape Browser. AOL
AOL
chose to base Netscape Browser
Netscape Browser
on the relatively successful Mozilla
Mozilla
Firefox, a re-written version of Mozilla
Mozilla
produced by the Mozilla
Mozilla
Foundation. This release is not a full Internet suite as before, but is solely a web browser. Other controversial decisions include the browser's being made only for Microsoft
Microsoft
Windows and its featuring both the Gecko rendering engine of previous releases and the Trident engine used in Internet Explorer. AOL's acquisition of Netscape
Netscape
Communications in November 1998[49] made it less of a surprise when the company laid off the Netscape
Netscape
team and outsourced development to Mercurial Communications.[when?] Netscape Browser
Netscape Browser
8.1.3 was released on April 2, 2007, and included general bug fixes identified in versions 8.0–8.1.2[50][51] Netscape Navigator
Netscape Navigator
(version 9.0)[edit]

Netscape Navigator
Netscape Navigator
9.0

Netscape Navigator
Netscape Navigator
9's features were said to include newsfeed support and become more integrated with the Propeller Internet portal,[52] alongside more enhanced methods of discussion, submission and voting on web pages.[53] It also sees the browser return to multi-platform support across Windows, Linux
Linux
and Mac OS X.[54] Like Netscape
Netscape
version 8.x, the new release was based upon the popular Mozilla
Mozilla
Firefox (version 2.0), and supposedly had full support of all Firefox
Firefox
add-ons and plugins, some of which Netscape
Netscape
was already providing.[55] Also for the first time since 2004, the browser was produced in-house with its own programming staff.[56] A beta of the program was first released on June 5, 2007.[57] The final version was released on October 15, 2007. End of development and support[edit] AOL
AOL
officially announced[10][11] that support for Netscape
Netscape
Navigator would end on March 1, 2008, and recommended that its users download either the Flock or Firefox
Firefox
browsers, both of which were based on the same technology.[58] The decision met mixed reactions from communities, with many arguing that the termination of product support is significantly belated. Internet security site Security Watch stated that a trend of infrequent security updates for AOL's Netscape
Netscape
caused the browser to become a "security liability", specifically the 2005–2007 versions, Netscape Browser
Netscape Browser
8.[59] Asa Dotzler, one of Firefox's original bug testers, greeted the news with "good riddance" in his blog post, but praised the various members of the Netscape
Netscape
team over the years for enabling the creation of Mozilla
Mozilla
in 1998.[60] Others protested and petitioned AOL
AOL
to continue providing vital security fixes to unknowing or loyal users of its software, as well as protection of a well-known brand.[61][62][63] Mozilla
Mozilla
Thunderbird-based releases[edit] Netscape
Netscape
Messenger 9[edit] Main article: Netscape
Netscape
Messenger 9 On June 11, 2007, Netscape
Netscape
announced Netscape
Netscape
Mercury, a standalone email and news client that was to accompany Navigator 9. Mercury was based on Mozilla
Mozilla
Thunderbird.[64] The product was later renamed Netscape
Netscape
Messenger 9, and an alpha version was released. In December 2007, AOL
AOL
announced it was canceling Netscape's development of Messenger 9 as well as Navigator 9. Product list[edit] Initial product line[edit] Netscape's initial product line consisted of:

Netscape Navigator
Netscape Navigator
web browser for Windows, Macintosh, OS/2, Unix, and Linux Netsite Communications web server, with a web-based configuration interface[65] Netsite Commerce web server, simply the Communications server with SSL (https) added Netscape
Netscape
Proxy Server

Later Netscape
Netscape
products[edit] Netscape's later products included:

Netscape
Netscape
Personal Edition (the browser along with PPP software and an account creation wizard to sign up with an ISP) Netscape Communicator
Netscape Communicator
(a suite which included Navigator along with tools for mail, news, calendar, VoIP, and composing web pages, and was bundled with AOL
AOL
Instant Messenger and RealAudio) Netscape
Netscape
FastTrack and Enterprise web servers Netscape
Netscape
Collabra Server, a NNTP news server acquired in a purchase of Collabra Software, Inc. Netscape
Netscape
Directory Server, an LDAP server Netscape
Netscape
Messaging Server, an IMAP and POP mail server Netscape
Netscape
Certificate Server, for issuing SSL certificates Netscape
Netscape
Calendar Server, for group scheduling Netscape
Netscape
Compass Server, a search engine and spider Netscape
Netscape
Application Server, for designing web applications Netscape
Netscape
Publishing System, for running a commercial site with news articles and charging users per access Netscape
Netscape
Xpert Servers

ECxpert – a server for EDI message exchange SellerXpert – B to B Commerce Engine BuyerXpert – eProcurement Engine BillerXpert – Online Bill Paying Engine TradingXpert – HTML
HTML
EDI transaction frontend CommerceXpert – Online Retail Store engine

Radio@ Netscape
Netscape
and Radio@ Netscape
Netscape
Plus

Propeller[edit] Main article: Propeller.com Between June 2006 and September 2007, AOL
AOL
operated Netscape's website as social news website similar to Digg. The format did not do well as traffic dropped 55.1 percent between November 2006 and August 2007.[66] In September 2007, AOL
AOL
reverted Netscape's website to a traditional news portal, and rebranded the social news portal as "Propeller", moving the site to the domain "propeller.com." AOL
AOL
shut down the Propeller website on October 1, 2010.[66] Netscape
Netscape
Search[edit] Netscape
Netscape
operated a search engine, Netscape
Netscape
Search, which now redirects to AOL
AOL
Search (which itself now merely serves Bing (formerly Google) search results).[67] Another version of Netscape
Netscape
Search was incorporated into Propeller. Other sites[edit] Netscape
Netscape
also operates a number of country-specific Netscape
Netscape
portals, including Netscape
Netscape
Canada among others. The portal of Netscape
Netscape
Germany was shut down in June 2008. The Netscape
Netscape
Blog was written by Netscape
Netscape
employees discussing the latest on Netscape
Netscape
products and services. Netscape
Netscape
NewsQuake (formally Netscape
Netscape
Reports) is Netscape's news and opinion blog, including video clips and discussions. As of January 2012, no new posts have been made on either of these blogs since August 2008. Netscape
Netscape
technologies[edit] Netscape
Netscape
created the JavaScript
JavaScript
web page scripting language. It also pioneered the development of push technology, which effectively allowed web sites to send regular updates of information (weather, stock updates, package tracking, etc.) directly to a user's desktop (aka "webtop"); Netscape's implementation of this was named Netcaster.[68] Unfortunately, businesses quickly recognized the use of push technology to deliver ads to users that annoyed them, so Netcaster was short-lived. Netscape
Netscape
was notable for its cross-platform efforts. Its client software continued to be made available for Windows (3.1, 95, 98, NT), Macintosh, Linux, OS/2, BeOS, and many versions of Unix
Unix
including DEC, Sun Solaris, BSDI, IRIX, IBM AIX, and HP-UX. Its server software generally was only available for Unix
Unix
and Windows NT, though some of its servers were made available on Linux, and a version of Netscape FastTrack Server was made available for Windows 95/98. Today, most of Netscape's server offerings live on as the Sun Java System, formerly under the Sun ONE branding. Although Netscape Browser
Netscape Browser
8 was Windows only, multi-platform support exists in the Netscape Navigator
Netscape Navigator
9 series of browsers.[33] Current services[edit]

This article's factual accuracy may be compromised due to out-of-date information. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (October 2009)

Netscape
Netscape
Internet Service[edit] Netscape
Netscape
ISP is a 56 kbit/s dial-up service offered at US$9.95 per month[69] (US$6.95 with 12-month commitment). The company serves webpages in a compressed format to increase effective speeds up to 1300 kbit/s (average 500 kbit/s). The Internet service provider
Internet service provider
is run by AOL
AOL
under the Netscape
Netscape
brand. The low-cost ISP was officially launched on January 8, 2004.[70] Its main competitor is NetZero. Netscape
Netscape
ISP's advertising is generally aimed at a younger demographic, e.g., college students, and people just out of school, as an affordable way to gain access to the Internet. Netscape.com[edit] Netscape
Netscape
always drove lots of traffic from various links included in the browser menus to its web properties. Some say it was very late to leverage this traffic[71] for what would become the start of the major online portal wars.[72] When it did, Netcenter, the new name for its site entered the race with Yahoo!, Infoseek, and MSN, which Google would only join years later. The original Netscape.com was discontinued in June 2006, replaced by the site that would eventually become Propeller.com. Two continuations of the original Netscape.com portal are available; Compuserve.com, the Web site of Compuserve, and ISP.Netscape.com, the web site for Netscape's dial-up discount ISP service, continue to use the Netscape.com layout as it was before June 2006. Of the two, only the latter explicitly uses the Netscape
Netscape
branding. Netscape.com is currently an AOL
AOL
Netscape-branded mirror duplicate of the AOL.com portal with the URL, replacing the former social news website in September 2007. The social news site moved to the Propeller.com domain, where it stayed until ending operations in October 2010. It features facilities such as news, sports, horoscopes, dating, movies, music and more. The change has come to much criticism amongst many site users, because the site has effectively become an AOL
AOL
clone, and simply re-directs to regional AOL
AOL
portals in some areas across the globe. Netscape's exclusive features, such as the Netscape Blog, Netscape
Netscape
NewsQuake, Netscape
Netscape
Navigator, My Netscape
Netscape
and Netscape Community pages, are less accessible from the AOL
AOL
Netscape
Netscape
designed portal and in some countries not accessible at all without providing a full URL or completing an Internet search.[73] The new AOL
AOL
Netscape site was originally previewed in August 2007 before moving the existing site in September 2007.[74] Netscape.co.uk now redirects to AOL
AOL
Search, with no Netscape
Netscape
branding at all.[75] DMOZ[edit] Main article: DMOZ DMOZ
DMOZ
(from directory.mozilla.org, its original domain name, also known as the Open Directory Project or ODP), was a multilingual open content directory of World Wide Web
World Wide Web
links owned[citation needed] by Netscape that was constructed and maintained by a community of volunteer editors. Netscape
Netscape
Forum Center[edit] Netscape
Netscape
also has a wide variety of community-based forums within Netscape
Netscape
Forum Center, including its browser's community support board. To post on the forums, users must possess an AOL
AOL
Screenname account in which to sign in, referred to within the site as the Netscape
Netscape
Network. The same service is also available through Compuserve
Compuserve
Forum Center. See also[edit]

San Francisco Bay Area portal Companies portal Internet portal

Code Rush, a 1998 documentary about Netscape
Netscape
engineers SeaMonkey The Book of Mozilla

References[edit]

^ " AOL
AOL
meeting to address Netscape
Netscape
integration". Cnet News. March 23, 1999. Retrieved July 1, 2012. ^ Swartz, Jon. "Company takes browser war to Netscape's lawn." San Francisco Chronicle. Thursday October 2, 1997. Retrieved on December 29, 2009. ^ Lawler, III, Edward E.; Worely, Christopher G. (2011). "Identity as a Guidepost to Strategy". Management Reset: Organizing for Sustainable Effectiveness. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 9781118008447.  ^ Mook, Nate (July 10, 2006). " Firefox
Firefox
Usage Passes 15 Percent in US". BetaNews. Retrieved September 29, 2015.  ^ "History of SSL at IBM.com". Publib.boulder.ibm.com. Retrieved 2012-10-29.  ^ a b " America Online
America Online
Inc. Completes Acquisition of Netscape Communications Corp.". Business Wire. March 17, 1999. Retrieved July 1, 2012. ^ a b "What's $10 Billion to AOL?". Morningstar. April 5, 1999. Retrieved July 1, 2012. ^ " Mozilla
Mozilla
Stomps Ahead Under AOL". Wired.com. Archived from the original on June 3, 2014. Retrieved 2012-10-29.  ^ "Press Release". Web.archive.org. 2001-12-13. Archived from the original on 2001-12-13. Retrieved 2012-10-29.  ^ a b c Tom Drapeau (December 28, 2007). "End of Support for Netscape web browsers". Netscape
Netscape
Blog. Archived from the original on January 3, 2008. Retrieved September 13, 2014.  ^ a b c Tom Drapeau (January 28, 2008). " Netscape Browser
Netscape Browser
Support extended to March 1st". Netscape
Netscape
Blog. Archived from the original on February 7, 2008. Retrieved September 13, 2014.  ^ "FORM 10-K". Sec.gov. Retrieved 2012-10-29.  ^ Netscape
Netscape
ISP home page of 2014 with link to Netscape
Netscape
ISP Terms of Service update of 15 September 2014. ^ Hawn, Mathew (May 1995). (subscription required)%5b%5bCategory:Pages containing links to subscription-only content%5d%5d "Netscape Navigator. ( Netscape
Netscape
Communications World Wide Web
World Wide Web
browser) (Software Review)(Evaluation)" Check url= value (help). Macworld. Retrieved May 17, 2011. Netscape
Netscape
Communications wants you to forget all the highway metaphors you've ever heard about the Internet. Instead, think about an encyclopedia—one with unlimited, graphically rich pages, connections to E-mail and files, and access to Internet newsgroups and online shopping.  ^ " AOL
AOL
will pull the plug on Netscape's tech support". Los Angeles Times. December 29, 2007. Retrieved May 18, 2014.  ^ a b c Adam Lashinsky (July 25, 2005). "Remembering Netscape: The Birth Of The Web". Fortune Magazine. Archived from the original on April 27, 2006. Retrieved September 13, 2014.  ^ a b c Zook, Matthew A. (2005). The Geography of the Internet Industry: Venture Capital, Dot-Coms, and Local Knowledge. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing. p. 104. ISBN 0-631-23331-8.  ^ a b "OPSWARE INC. / On the record: Marc Andreessen". SFGate. December 7, 2003. Retrieved July 24, 2012. ^ "Cisco tablet not an iPad knock-off: Chambers" Archived March 28, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.. Network World. June 30, 2010. Retrieved July 1, 2012. ^ "Mosaic's Name Change". The San Francisco Chronicle. November 15, 1994. p. B3.  ^ Clark, Jim; Owen Edwards (1999). Netscape
Netscape
Time: The Making of the Billion-Dollar Start-Up That Took on Microsoft. St. Martin's Press. pp. 160–170 [167]. ISBN 978-0312199340.  ^ Marc Andreessen
Marc Andreessen
Revealed (Bloomberg Game Changers) ^ [1] ^ David
David
Sheff. "Going Public as Netscape
Netscape
Did, before making a dime in profits". Wired 8.08. Lycos. Retrieved July 14, 2006.  ^ "Electric cars: A Netscape
Netscape
Moment?". Economist.com. February 4, 2010. Retrieved May 18, 2014.  ^ "Is commercial spaceflight's " Netscape
Netscape
moment" near?". The Space Review. July 30, 2012. Retrieved May 18, 2014.  ^ "Programmer's Bookshelf". Dr. Dobb's Journal. December 1, 1999. Retrieved May 18, 2014.  ^ "Netscape's Marc Andreessen". Time Magazine. February 19, 1996. Retrieved February 3, 2007.  ^ "Government alleges illegal campaign by Microsoft". Archived from the original on July 8, 2006. Retrieved July 14, 2006.  ^ "Memoirs from the Browser Wars". Archived from the original on May 17, 2008. Retrieved July 14, 2006.  ^ Alex Lash. " Netscape
Netscape
cuts prices on retail products". C-Net. Retrieved February 23, 2008.  ^ Alan T. Saracevic (October 23, 2005). "Silicon Valley: It's where brains meet bucks". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved May 18, 2014.  ^ a b " Microsoft
Microsoft
Subpoenas Bad Attitude". Wired. September 1, 1998. Retrieved July 14, 2006.  ^ " AOL
AOL
buys Netscape
Netscape
for $4.2 billion".  ^ Yoffie, David
David
B. (April 1999). "Building a Company on Internet Time: Lessons from Netscape". California
California
Management Review.  ^ "netscape and aol".  ^ "Sun- Netscape
Netscape
Alliance Announces New iPlanet(TM) Brand and Marketing Campaign". Retrieved July 7, 2012.  ^ "PCMag". Retrieved November 14, 2015.  ^ a b "Sun Micro To Double Beijing
Beijing
Software Center" Archived November 16, 2004, at the Wayback Machine.. HPCwire. August 8, 2003. Retrieved July 1, 2012. ^ " Netscape
Netscape
Internet Software Updated". Archived from the original on June 23, 2006. Retrieved July 14, 2006.  ^ Oracle Web Tier". Oracle. Retrieved July 7, 2012 ^ UFAQ. org – "Announcing Netscape
Netscape
9" by Jay Garcia Retrieved on February 5, 2007 ^ Gonsalves, Antone (December 28, 2007). " AOL
AOL
Kills Netscape's Future, Leaves Firefox
Firefox
to Battle IE". Informationweek.com. CMP Media LLC. Retrieved December 29, 2007.  ^ "Whatever happened to Netscape?". Engadget. Retrieved 2017-03-22.  ^ " Netscape Navigator
Netscape Navigator
Gold 3.0 Now Available, Adding Momentum to Netscape
Netscape
Client Software". Archived from the original on October 20, 2012.  ^ Netscape
Netscape
Community Announcement – Netscape
Netscape
7.2 Retrieved on February 8, 2007 ^ Netscape
Netscape
Community poll – Should Netscape
Netscape
continue to update 7.2? Retrieved on February 8, 2007 ^ Mozillazine – Netscape
Netscape
9 announced Retrieved on February 8, 2007 ^ PC World Article Nov 24, 1998 12am Archived June 29, 2012, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Netscape
Netscape
Community – Netscape
Netscape
8.1.3 Archived May 28, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on February 8, 2007 ^ Netscape
Netscape
Community – Netscape
Netscape
8.1.3 released Archived January 10, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on April 2, 2007 ^ Netscape
Netscape
9.0 confirmed on Netscape's community support board Archived March 27, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on January 24, 2007 ^ Netscape
Netscape
9 – February 20 Announcement Archived January 9, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on February 20, 2007 ^ Netscape
Netscape
9.0 30- January 7 announcement Archived May 28, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on January 30, 2007 ^ Netscape
Netscape
9 – February 6, 2007 announcement Archived October 15, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on February 6, 2007 ^ Netscape
Netscape
announces cross-platform Netscape
Netscape
9 to be developed in-house – Mozillazine Retrieved on February 5, 2007 ^ Netscape
Netscape
9.0b1 released Archived January 9, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on June 5, 2007 ^ " AOL
AOL
to End Support for Netscape
Netscape
Browser". Washington Post. PC World. December 28, 2007. Retrieved September 29, 2015.  ^ " Netscape
Netscape
Death is long overdue, Good for Security". Retrieved January 2, 2008.  ^ "it's about time. r.i.p. netscape browser". Archived from the original on January 1, 2008. Retrieved January 2, 2008.  ^ "Save Netscape
Netscape
Petition". Retrieved January 2, 2008.  ^ " Netscape
Netscape
Community – Online Petition for the Support of NN". Retrieved January 2, 2008. [permanent dead link] ^ "Save Netscape!". Retrieved January 2, 2008.  ^ Netscape
Netscape
Mercury in progress Archived October 15, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on June 11, 2007 ^ "Internet Archive Wayback Machine". Web.archive.org. 2008-04-06. Archived from the original on 2008-04-06. Retrieved 2012-10-29.  ^ a b " Propeller.com Spinning to a Stop - Search Engine Watch (#SEW)". Search Engine Watch. Retrieved 2012-10-29.  ^ " AOL
AOL
Takes Over Majority of Microsoft's Ad Business, Swaps Google Search For Bing".  ^ catdancers.com[dead link] ^ "Get Netscape
Netscape
Home Page". Retrieved March 20, 2008.  ^ " Netscape
Netscape
Launches Low-Cost Internet Access Service".  ^ Netscape
Netscape
late to leverage traffic - CNET News. News.cnet.com. Retrieved on 2013-09-08. ^ theregister.co.uk ^ Netscape
Netscape
Community responses. Retrieved on September 20, 2007 ^ New Netscape
Netscape
Portal
Portal
Netscape
Netscape
Community Retrieved on August 14, 2007 ^ "Netscape.co.uk". 

Further reading[edit]

Jim Clark, Netscape
Netscape
Time: The Making of the Billion-Dollar Start-Up That Took On Microsoft, St. Martin's Press, 1999. Michael E. Cusumano and David
David
B. Yoffie, Competing On Internet Time: Lessons From Netscape
Netscape
And Its Battle With Microsoft, The Free Press, 1998, 2000. Fortune Magazine, "Remembering Netscape: The Birth Of The Web", July 25, 2005.

External links[edit]

Official website Archive of official site circa 1994 AOL
AOL
LLC at Curlie (based on DMOZ) The Netscape
Netscape
Archive The Netscape
Netscape
Blog The Netscape
Netscape
Unofficial FAQ Netscape Browser
Netscape Browser
Archive, SillyDog701 A Netscape
Netscape
Timeline, Holger Metzger Mosaic Communications Corporation Mosaic Communications, early job ads Netscape
Netscape
1.0 emulator Firefox
Firefox
browser Add-ons Netscape
Netscape
Forever website

v t e

AOL

Websites

Aol.com

News Entertainment Finance Lifestyle Games Video Search Shop

Advertising

AlephD Platforms

Convertro ONE by AOL

Communication

Alto Mail Mail Reader

Software

AIM Desktop Shield Browser

Other

Events

Build Built by Girls Makers

Corporate

Oath Verizon Communications Acquisitions Criticism History

v t e

Netscape

Browser versions

Mosaic Netscape Netscape
Netscape
Navigator

1 2 3 4

Netscape
Netscape
Communicator

4 5

Netscape

6 7

Netscape Browser
Netscape Browser
8 Netscape Navigator
Netscape Navigator
9 Netscape
Netscape
Plugin Application Programming Interface (NPAPI)

E-mail clients

Netscape
Netscape
Mail & Newsgroups Netscape
Netscape
Messenger 9

Other components

Netscape
Netscape
Composer

Server software

Netscape
Netscape
Enterprise Server Netscape
Netscape
Application Server Netscape
Netscape
Proxy Server Netscape
Netscape
Directory Server Netscape Server Application Programming Interface (NSAPI)

Web services

Netscape.com Propeller.com Open Directory Project Netscape
Netscape
ISP

People

Eric J. Bina James H. Clark Brendan Eich Daniel Glazman Jamie Zawinski Lou Montulli Marc Andreessen Eric A. Meyer Mitchell Baker

See also

Gecko JSSS Mariner Netscape
Netscape
5 Netscape
Netscape
Public License Mozilla AOL iPlanet

v t e

Timeline of web browsers

General

Comparison

lightweight

History List

for Unix

Usage share

1990s

1990

WorldWideWeb
WorldWideWeb
(Nexus)

1991

Line Mode Browser

libwww

1992

Erwise MacWWW
MacWWW
(Samba) MidasWWW tkWWW ViolaWWW

1993

AMosaic Arena Cello Emacs/W3 Lynx 2 NCSA Mosaic VMS Mosaic

1994

AirMosaic

Internet in a Box

ANT Fresco Argo IBM WebExplorer SlipKnot Minuet Navipress Mosaic/Mosaic Netscape/ Netscape
Netscape
Navigator Spyglass Mosaic TCP/Connect II

1995

Agora ALynx AMSD Ariadna Cyberjack eWorld Web Browser Grail Internet Explorer
Internet Explorer
1 Internet Explorer
Internet Explorer
2 Netscape Navigator
Netscape Navigator
2 NetShark OmniWeb HotJava UdiWWW WebShark

1996

Cyberdog Arachne AWeb IBrowse Amaya Internet Explorer
Internet Explorer
3 Netscape Navigator
Netscape Navigator
3 Opera 2 Oracle PowerBrowser tcpCONNECT4 Voyager

1997

Netscape
Netscape
Communicator Internet Explorer
Internet Explorer
4 Opera 2.1

1998

NeoPlanet Mozilla
Mozilla
Application Suite Opera 3–3.21

1999

iCab Internet Explorer
Internet Explorer
5 Omniweb
Omniweb
3 Opera 3.5–3.62

2000s

2000

Beonex Communicator Galeon K-Meleon MediaBrowser Netscape
Netscape
6 Opera 4–4.02

2001

iCab 2.5 Internet Explorer
Internet Explorer
6 Omniweb
Omniweb
4 Opera 5–5.12

2002

Avant Browser
Avant Browser
7 Camino Epiphany Netscape
Netscape
7 Opera 6–6.1

2003

GreenBrowser Maxthon Opera 7–7.3 Safari SlimBrowser

2004

Avant Browser
Avant Browser
9 Phoenix/Firebird/Firefox Opera 7.5–7.55

2005

AOL
AOL
Explorer Deepnet Explorer Firefox
Firefox
1.5 Opera 8–8.54 Safari 2

2006

Avant Browser
Avant Browser
11 Firefox
Firefox
2 Internet Explorer
Internet Explorer
7 Opera 9–9.27

2007

Maxthon 2 Opera 9.5–9.64 Safari 3 SeaMonkey
SeaMonkey
1.1

2008

Google
Google
Chrome Firefox
Firefox
3 Netscape
Netscape
Browser Netscape Navigator
Netscape Navigator
9 NetSurf 1.2

2009

Avant Browser
Avant Browser
11.7 Google
Google
Chrome 2–3 Firefox
Firefox
3.5 Internet Explorer
Internet Explorer
8 Opera 10–10.63 Pale Moon Safari 4 SeaMonkey
SeaMonkey
2.0

2010s

2010

Google
Google
Chrome 4–8 Firefox
Firefox
3.6 Lunascape 6.0.1 Maxthon 3 NetSurf 2.5 Opera 11–11.64 Safari 5

2011

Google
Google
Chrome 9–16 Firefox
Firefox
4–9 Internet Explorer
Internet Explorer
9 Lunascape 6.5 Opera 12–12.17 SeaMonkey
SeaMonkey
2.1–2.4 Waterfox

2012

Google
Google
Chrome 17–23 Firefox
Firefox
10–17 Internet Explorer
Internet Explorer
10 Lunascape 6.7 Maxthon 3.4 NetSurf 2.9 Safari 6

2013

Google
Google
Chrome 24–31 Firefox
Firefox
18–26 Internet Explorer
Internet Explorer
11 Opera 15–18 Safari 7 SeaMonkey
SeaMonkey
2.15–2.22

2014

Google
Google
Chrome 32–39 Firefox
Firefox
27–34 Lunascape 6.9 NetSurf 3.1 Opera 19–26 Safari 8 SeaMonkey
SeaMonkey
2.23–2.31

2015

Google
Google
Chrome 40–47 Firefox
Firefox
35–43 Lunascape 6.10–6.12 Microsoft
Microsoft
Edge 20, 25 Opera 27–34 Safari 9 SeaMonkey
SeaMonkey
2.32–2.39 Vivaldi

2016

Google
Google
Chrome 48–55 Firefox
Firefox
44–50 Lunascape 6.13–6.15 Microsoft
Microsoft
Edge 38 Opera 35–42 Safari 10

2017

Basilisk Brave Google
Google
Chrome 56–63 Firefox
Firefox
51–57 Microsoft
Microsoft
Edge 40–41 Opera 43–49 Safari 11 SeaMonkey
SeaMonkey
2.46–2.49

Related topics

3D Markup Language for Web Aliweb ARPANET ASCII BITNET Browser wars CompuServe Elm Email File
File
Transfer Protocol Gopher HTML HyperCard HyTelnet NCSA Telnet NLS Prodigy Teletext Telnet Usenet UUCP Videotex Viewdata Virtual Reality Markup Language Web page Whole Internet User's Guide and Catalog World W

.