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Netflix
Netflix
(/nɛtflɪks/) is an American entertainment company founded by Reed Hastings
Reed Hastings
and Marc Randolph
Marc Randolph
on August 29, 1997, in Scotts Valley, California.[9] It specializes in and provides streaming media, video-on-demand online, and, DVD
DVD
by mail. In 2013, Netflix
Netflix
expanded into film and television production as well as online distribution. It is headquartered in Los Gatos, California. Netflix's initial business model included DVD
DVD
sales and rental, although Hastings jettisoned DVD
DVD
sales about a year after Netflix's founding to focus on the DVD
DVD
rental by mail business.[9][10] In 2007, Netflix
Netflix
expanded its business with the introduction of streaming media, while retaining the DVD
DVD
and Blu-ray
Blu-ray
rental service. The company expanded internationally, with streaming made available to Canada
Canada
in 2010[11] and continued growing its streaming service from there; by January 2016, Netflix
Netflix
services operated in over 190 countries - it is available worldwide except Mainland China, Syria, North Korea
North Korea
and Crimea.[12] Netflix
Netflix
entered the content-production industry in 2012, debuting its first series, Lillyhammer. It has greatly expanded the production of both film and television series since then, offering "Netflix Original" content through its online library of films and television.[13] Netflix
Netflix
released an estimated 126 original series or films in 2016, more than any other network or cable channel.[14] As of January 2018, Netflix
Netflix
had 117.58 million paying subscribers worldwide, including 54.75 million in the United States.[15][16] Their efforts to produce new content, secure the rights for additional content, and diversify through 190 countries has resulted in the company racking up billions in long term debt: $21.9 billion as of September 2017, up from $16.8 billion from the same time the previous year,[17] although only $6.5 billion of this is long term debt, the remaining are long term obligations.[18] Netflix's headquarters are in 121 Albright Way, Los Gatos, California, United States. They also have other offices in the Netherlands, Brazil, India, Japan, and South Korea.[19]

Contents

1 History

1.1 Founding and establishment 1.2 Membership fee, Blockbuster acquisition offer, growth start 1.3 Video on demand
Video on demand
introduction, declining DVD
DVD
sales, global expansion

1.3.1 Early Netflix
Netflix
Original content

1.4 Entertainment
Entertainment
dominance and presence and continued growth 1.5 Rebranding and wider international expansion

2 Ownership 3 Services

3.1 History 3.2 Disc rental

3.2.1 Qwikster

3.3 Profiles

3.3.1 Reintroduction

4 Products 5 Content

5.1 Netflix
Netflix
Originals 5.2 Film and television deals 5.3 Producers and distributors

6 Device support 7 Sales and marketing 8 International expansion 9 Competitors

9.1 Time Warner

10 Awards 11 Finance and revenue

11.1 2010 11.2 2011 11.3 2014 11.4 2016

12 Legal issues and controversies 13 User information 14 Effects and legacy

14.1 The Netflix
Netflix
Model

15 See also 16 References 17 External links

History[edit] Further information: Timeline of Netflix Founding and establishment[edit]

Netflix's headquarters in Los Gatos, California

Netflix
Netflix
was founded on August 29, 1997, in Scotts Valley, California, by Marc Randolph[20][21] and Reed Hastings. Randolph worked as a marketing director for Hastings' company, Pure Atria.[22] Randolph was a co-founder of MicroWarehouse, a computer mail order company, and was later employed by Borland International
Borland International
as vice president of marketing. Hastings, a computer scientist and mathematician, sold Pure Atria to Rational Software Corporation in 1997 for $700 million in what was then the richest acquisition in Silicon Valley history. They came up with the idea for Netflix
Netflix
while commuting between their homes in Santa Cruz and Pure Atria's headquarters in Sunnyvale while waiting for government regulators to approve the merger,[23] although Hasting has given several different explanations for how the idea was created.[24] Hastings invested $2.5 million in startup cash for Netflix.[25][10] Randolph admired the fledgling e-commerce company Amazon and wanted to find a large category of portable items to sell over the internet using a similar model. They considered and rejected VHS tapes as too expensive to stock and too delicate to ship. When they heard about DVDs, which was first introduced in the United States
United States
on March 31, 1997,[26] they tested the concept of selling or renting DVDs by mail, by mailing a compact disc to Hastings' house in Santa Cruz. When the disc arrived intact, they decided to take on the $16 billion home video sales and rental industry.[23] Hastings is often quoted saying that he decided to start Netflix
Netflix
after being fined $40 at a Blockbuster store for being late to return a copy of Apollo 13 but this is an apocryphal story that he and Randolph designed to explain the company's business model and motivation.[23] Netflix
Netflix
was launched on April 14, 1998, as the world's first online DVD
DVD
rental store,[23][27] with only 30 employees and 925 titles available, which was almost the entire catalogue of DVDs in print at the time,[28] through the pay-per-rent model with rates and due dates that were similar to its bricks-and-mortar rival, Blockbuster.[29][23] Membership fee, Blockbuster acquisition offer, growth start[edit] Netflix
Netflix
introduced the monthly subscription concept in September 1999,[30] and then dropped the single-rental model in early 2000. Since that time, the company has built its reputation on the business model of flat-fee unlimited rentals without due dates, late fees, shipping and handling fees, or per-title rental fees.[31]

First logo, used from 1997 to 2000

Netflix
Netflix
logo used from 2000 to 2014

In 2000, when Netflix
Netflix
had just about 300,000 subscribers and relied on the U.S. Postal Service for the delivery of their DVDs, they were losing money and offered to be acquired by Blockbuster for $50 million. They proposed that Netflix, which would rename themselves Blockbuster, would handle the online business, while Blockbuster should take care of the DVDs, making them less dependent on U.S. Postal Service. But the offer was declined.[32][33] While they experienced fast growth in 2001, both the dot-com bubble burst and the 9/11 attacks would occur later that year, affecting the company badly and forcing them to lay off two thirds of their 120 employees. But then the sales of DVD
DVD
players finally took off as they became more affordable, selling for about $200 around Thanksgiving times, becoming one of that year's most popular Christmas gifts. And by early 2002 Netflix
Netflix
saw a huge increase in their subscription business.[34][35] Netflix
Netflix
initiated an initial public offering (IPO) on May 29, 2002, selling 5.5 million shares of common stock at the price of US$15.00 per share. On June 14, 2002, the company sold an additional 825,000 shares of common stock at the same price. After incurring substantial losses during its first few years, Netflix
Netflix
posted its first profit during fiscal year 2003, earning US$6.5 million profit on revenues of US$272 million. In 2005, 35,000 different films were available, and Netflix
Netflix
shipped 1 million DVDs out every day.[36] Randolph, a dominant producer and board member for Netflix, retired from the company in 2004.[37] Video on demand
Video on demand
introduction, declining DVD
DVD
sales, global expansion[edit] For some time the company had considered offering movies online, but it was only in the mid-2000s that data speeds and bandwidth costs had improved sufficient to allow customers to download movies from the net. The original idea was a " Netflix
Netflix
box" that could download movies overnight, and be ready to watch the next day. By 2005, they had acquired movie rights and designed the box and service, and was ready to go public with it. But after discovering YouTube, and witnessing how popular streaming services were despite the lack of high-definition content, the concept of using a hardware device was scrapped and replaced with a streaming concept instead. A project that was completed in 2007.[38] Netflix
Netflix
developed and maintains an extensive personalized video-recommendation system based on ratings and reviews by its customers. On October 1, 2006, Netflix
Netflix
offered a $1,000,000 prize to the first developer of a video-recommendation algorithm that could beat its existing algorithm Cinematch, at predicting customer ratings by more than 10%.[39] In February 2007, the company delivered its billionth DVD,[40] and began to move away from its original core business model of DVDs, by introducing video on demand via the Internet. Netflix
Netflix
grew as DVD sales fell from 2006 to 2011.[41][42] Another contributing factor for the company's online DVD
DVD
rental success was that they could offer a much larger selection of movie titles to choose from than Blockbuster's rental outlets. But when they started to offer streaming content for free to its subscribers in 2007, it could offer no more than about 1000 movies and TV-shows, just 1% compared to its more than 100,000 different DVD
DVD
titles. Yet as the popularity kept growing, the number of titles available for streaming was increasing as well, and had reached 12,000 movies and shows in June 2009.[43] In January 2013, Netflix
Netflix
reported that it had added two million United States customers during the fourth quarter of 2012, with a total of 27.1 million United States
United States
streaming customers, and 29.4 million total streaming customers. In addition, revenue was up 8% to $945 million for the same period.[44][45] That number increased to 36.3 million subscribers (29.2 million in the United States) in April 2013.[46] As of September 2013, for that year's third quarter report, Netflix reported its total of global streaming subscribers at 40.4 million (31.2 million in the United States).[47] By the fourth quarter of 2013, Netflix
Netflix
reported 33.1 million United States
United States
subscribers.[48] By September 2014, Netflix
Netflix
had subscribers in over 40 countries, with intentions of expanding their services in unreached countries.[49] Early Netflix
Netflix
Original content[edit] Netflix
Netflix
has played a prominent role in independent film distribution. Through its division Red Envelope Entertainment, Netflix
Netflix
licensed and distributed independent films such as Born into Brothels and Sherrybaby. As of late 2006, Red Envelope Entertainment
Entertainment
also expanded into producing original content with filmmakers such as John Waters.[50] Netflix
Netflix
closed Red Envelope Entertainment
Entertainment
in 2008, in part to avoid competition with its studio partners.[51][52] Entertainment
Entertainment
dominance and presence and continued growth[edit] Netflix
Netflix
has been one of the most successful dot-com ventures. In September 2002, The New York Times
The New York Times
reported that, at the time, Netflix mailed about 190,000 discs per day to its 670,000 monthly subscribers.[53] The company's published subscriber count increased from one million in the fourth quarter of 2002 to around 5.6 million at the end of the third quarter of 2006, to 14 million in March 2010. Netflix's early growth was fueled by the fast spread of DVD
DVD
players in households; in 2004, nearly two-thirds of United States
United States
homes had a DVD
DVD
player. Netflix
Netflix
capitalized on the success of the DVD
DVD
and its rapid expansion into United States
United States
homes, integrating the potential of the Internet
Internet
and e-commerce to provide services and catalogs that bricks-and-mortar retailers could not compete with. Netflix
Netflix
also operates an online affiliate program which has helped to build online sales for DVD
DVD
rentals. The company offers unlimited vacation time for salaried workers and allows employees to take any amount of their paychecks in stock options.[54] By 2010, Netflix's streaming business had grown so quickly that within months the company had shifted from the fastest-growing customer of the United States
United States
Postal Service's first-class service to the largest source of Internet
Internet
streaming traffic in North America in the evening. In November, it began offering a standalone streaming service separate from DVD
DVD
rentals.[55] On September 18, 2011, Netflix
Netflix
announced its intentions to rebrand and restructure its DVD
DVD
home media rental service as an independent subsidiary called Qwikster, separating DVD rental and streaming services.[56][57][58] Andy Rendich, a 12-year Netflix
Netflix
veteran, was to be CEO of Qwikster. Qwikster would carry video games whereas Netflix
Netflix
did not.[59] However, in October 2011, Netflix announced that it would retain its DVD
DVD
service under the name Netflix and would not, in fact, create Qwikster for that purpose.[60] In April 2011, Netflix
Netflix
had over 23 million subscribers in the United States and over 26 million worldwide.[61] But on October 24, Netflix announced 800,000 unsubscribers in the United States
United States
during Q3 2011, and more losses were expected in Q4 2011. However Netflix's income jumped 6 3%
3%
for Q3 2011.[62][63] Year-long, the total digital revenue for Netflix
Netflix
reached at least $1.5 billion.[64] On January 26, 2012, Netflix
Netflix
added 610,000 subscribers in the United States
United States
by the end of the fourth quarter of 2011, totaling 24.4 million United States subscribers for this time period.[65] On October 23, however, Netflix announced an 88% decline in profits for the third quarter of the year.[66]

Opened Netflix
Netflix
rental envelope containing a DVD
DVD
of Coach Carter.

In April 2012, Netflix
Netflix
filed with the Federal Election Commission (FEC) to form a political action committee (PAC) called FLIXPAC.[67] Politico
Politico
referred to the PAC, based in Los Gatos, California, as "another political tool with which to aggressively press a pro-intellectual property, anti-video-piracy agenda."[67] The hacktivist group Anonymous called for a boycott of Netflix
Netflix
following the news.[68] Netflix
Netflix
spokesperson Joris Evers indicated that the PAC was not set up to support the Stop Online Piracy Act
Stop Online Piracy Act
(SOPA) and the PROTECT IP Act
PROTECT IP Act
(PIPA), tweeting that the intent was to "engage on issues like net neutrality, bandwidth caps, UBB and VPPA."[69][70] In February 2013, Netflix
Netflix
announced it would be hosting its own awards ceremony, The Flixies.[71] On March 13, 2013, Netflix
Netflix
announced a Facebook
Facebook
implementation, letting United States
United States
subscribers access "Watched by your friends" and "Friends' Favorites" by agreeing.[72] This was not legal until the Video Privacy Protection Act
Video Privacy Protection Act
of 1988 was modified in early 2013.[73] Rebranding and wider international expansion[edit] In April 2014, Netflix
Netflix
approached 50 million global subscribers with a 32. 3%
3%
video streaming market share in the United States. Netflix operated in a total of 41 countries around the world.[74] In June 2014, Netflix
Netflix
unveiled a global rebranding: a new logo, which uses a modern typeface with the drop shadowing removed, and a new website UI. The change was controversial; some liked the new minimalist design, whereas others felt more comfortable with the old interface.[75] In July 2014, Netflix
Netflix
surpassed 50 million global subscribers, with 36 million of them being in the United States.[76] At the 2016 Consumer Electronics Show, Netflix
Netflix
announced a major international expansion of its service into 150 additional countries. Netflix
Netflix
promoted that with this expansion, it would now operate in nearly all countries that the company may legally or logistically operate in. A notable exception was China, citing the barriers of operating internet and media services in the country due to its regulatory climate. Reed Hastings
Reed Hastings
stated that the company was planning to build relationships with local media companies that could serve as partners for distributing its content in the country (with a goal to concentrate primarily on its original content), but stated that they were in no hurry, and could thus take "many years".[77][78][79][80][81][82][83] Also in January 2016 Netflix
Netflix
announced it would begin blocking virtual private networks, or VPNs.[84] But some VPNs still works with Netflix [85] At the same time, Netflix
Netflix
reported 74.8 million subscribers and predicted it would add 6.1 million more by March 2016. Subscription growth has been fueled by its global expansion.[86] By the end of the year, Netflix
Netflix
added a feature to allow customers to download and play select movies and shows while offline.[87] In February 2017, Netflix
Netflix
signed a music publishing deal with BMG Rights Management, where BMG will oversee rights outside of the United States for music associated with Netflix
Netflix
original content. Netflix continues to handle these tasks in-house in the United States.[88] On April 17, 2017, it was reported that Netflix
Netflix
was nearing 100 million subscribers.[89] On April 25, 2017, Netflix
Netflix
announced that it had reached a licensing deal in China
China
with the Baidu-owned streaming service iQiyi, to allow selected Netflix
Netflix
original content to be distributed in China
China
on the platform.[78] The Los Angeles Times stated:" Its series and movies account for more than a third of all prime-time download Internet
Internet
traffic in North America."[90] On August 7, 2017, Netflix
Netflix
acquired Millarworld, the creator-owned publishing company of comic book writer Mark Millar, It is the first ever company acquisition in Netflix's history. Netflix
Netflix
plans to leverage Millar and his current and future work for future original content. Chief content officer Ted Sarandos
Ted Sarandos
described Millar as being a "modern-day Stan Lee".[91][92] The following week, Netflix
Netflix
announced that it had entered into an exclusive development deal with Shonda Rhimes.[93] On January 22, 2018, the company crossed $100 billion in market capitalization, becoming the largest digital media and entertainment company in the world, bigger than every traditional media company except for Comcast
Comcast
and Disney[94][95][96] and the 59th largest publicly traded company in the US S&P 500 Index.[97] On March 2, 2018, Netflix
Netflix
stock price surge to new all-time high of $301.05 beating it 12 month price target of $300.00, and finishing the session with a market capitalization of $130 billion putting it within shouting distance of traditional media giants like Disney
Disney
($155 billion) and Comcast
Comcast
($169 billion). The milestone came a day after British satcaster Sky announced a new agreement with Netflix
Netflix
to integrate Netflix's subscription VOD offering into its pay-TV service. Customers with its high-end Sky Q set-top box and service will be able see Netflix
Netflix
titles alongside their regular Sky channels.[98] Ownership[edit] As of 2017, Netflix
Netflix
shares are mainly held by institutional investors, including Capital Group Companies, The Vanguard Group, BlackRock
BlackRock
and others.[99] Services[edit] Netflix's video on demand streaming service, formerly branded as Watch Now, allows subscribers to stream television series and films via the Netflix
Netflix
website on personal computers, or the Netflix
Netflix
software on a variety of supported platforms, including smartphones and tablets, digital media players, video game consoles, and smart TVs[100] According to a Nielsen survey in July 2011, 42% of Netflix
Netflix
users used a standalone computer, 25% used the Wii, 14% by connecting computers to a television, 1 3%
3%
with a PlayStation 3
PlayStation 3
and 12% an Xbox 360.[101] When the streaming service first launched, Netflix's disc rental subscribers were given access at no additional charge. Subscribers were allowed approximately one hour of streaming per dollar spent on the monthly subscription (a $16.99 plan, for example, entitled the subscriber to 17 hours of streaming media). In January 2008, however, Netflix
Netflix
lifted this restriction, at which point virtually all rental-disc subscribers became entitled to unlimited streaming at no additional cost (however, subscribers on the restricted plan of two DVDs per month ($4.99) remained limited to two hours of streaming per month). This change came in a response to the introduction of Hulu
Hulu
and to Apple's new video-rental services.[102] Netflix
Netflix
later split DVD rental subscriptions and streaming subscriptions into separate, standalone services, at which point the monthly caps on Internet streaming were lifted.[103] Netflix
Netflix
service plans are currently divided into three price tiers; the lowest offers standard definition streaming on a single device, the second allows high definition streaming on two devices simultaneously, and the "Platinum" tier allows simultaneous streaming on up to four devices, and 4K streaming on supported devices and internet connections. The HD subscription plan historically cost US$7.99; in April 2014, Netflix
Netflix
announced that it would raise the price of this plan to $9.99 for new subscribers, but that existing customers would be grandfathered under this older price until May 2016, after which they could downgrade to the SD-only tier at the same price, or pay the higher fee for continued high definition access.[104][105][106] On November 30, 2016, Netflix
Netflix
launched an offline playback feature, allowing users of the Netflix
Netflix
mobile apps on Android or iOS to cache content on their devices in standard or high quality for viewing without an internet connection. The feature is primarily available on selected series and films, and Netflix
Netflix
stated that more content would be supported by the feature over time.[107][108][109] Netflix
Netflix
will partner with airlines to provide them with its mobile streaming technology. This will start in early 2018 as part of an effort to get airlines to provide better in-flight Wi-Fi.[110] History[edit]

Marc Randolph, co-founder of Netflix
Netflix
and the first CEO of the company.

Reed Hastings, co-founder and the current Chairman
Chairman
and CEO.

On October 1, 2008, Netflix
Netflix
announced a partnership with Starz
Starz
to bring 2,500+ new films and shows to "Watch Instantly", under Starz Play.[111] In August 2010, Netflix
Netflix
reached a five-year deal worth nearly $1 billion to stream films from Paramount, Lionsgate
Lionsgate
and Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. The deal increased Netflix's annual spending fees, adding roughly $200 million per year. It spent $117 million in the first six months of 2010 on streaming, up from $31 million in 2009.[112] On July 12, 2011, Netflix
Netflix
announced that it would separate its existing subscription plans into two separate plans: one covering the streaming and the other DVD
DVD
rental services.[113] The cost for streaming would be $7.99 per month, while DVD
DVD
rental would start at the same price. The announcement led to panned reception amongst Netflix's Facebook
Facebook
followers, who posted negative comments on its wall.[114] Twitter
Twitter
comments spiked a negative "Dear Netflix" trend.[114] The company defended its decision during its initial announcement of the change:

"Given the long life we think DVDs by mail will have, treating DVDs as a $2 add-on to our unlimited streaming plan neither makes great financial sense nor satisfies people who just want DVDs. Creating an unlimited-DVDs-by-mail plan (no streaming) at our lowest price ever, $7.99, does make sense and will ensure a long life for our DVDs-by-mail offering."[113]

In a reversal, Netflix
Netflix
announced in October that its streaming and DVD-rental plans would remain branded together.[115] Disc rental[edit] In the United States, the company provides a monthly flat-fee for DVD and Blu-ray
Blu-ray
rentals. A subscriber creates a rental queue, a list, of films to rent. The films are delivered individually via the United States Postal Service from regional warehouses. As of March 28, 2011, Netflix
Netflix
had 58 shipping locations throughout the United States[116] The subscriber can keep the rented disc as long as desired, but there is a limit on the number of discs that each subscriber can have simultaneously via different tiers. To rent a new disc, the subscriber must return the previous disc in a metered reply mail envelope. Upon receipt, Netflix
Netflix
ships the next available disc in the subscriber's rental queue. Netflix
Netflix
offers pricing tiers for DVD
DVD
rental. On November 21, 2008, Netflix
Netflix
began offering subscribers rentals on Blu-ray
Blu-ray
disc for an additional fee. In addition, Netflix
Netflix
sold used discs, delivered and billed identically as rentals. This service was discontinued at the end of November.[117] On January 6, 2010, Netflix
Netflix
agreed with Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
to delay new release rentals 28 days prior to retail, in an attempt to help studios sell physical copies, with similar deals involving Universal and 20th Century Fox were reached on April 9.[118][119][120] In 2011, Netflix split its service pricing. Currently, Netflix's disc rental memberships range from $7.99 to $19.99/m, including a free one-month trial and unlimited DVD
DVD
exchanges. Qwikster[edit] On September 18, 2011, Netflix
Netflix
announced that it would split out and rebrand its DVD-by-mail
DVD-by-mail
service as Qwikster. CEO Reed Hastings justified the decision, stating that "we realized that streaming and DVD by mail
DVD by mail
are becoming two quite different businesses, with very different cost structures, different benefits that need to be marketed differently, and we need to let each grow and operate independently." It was also announced that the re-branded service would add video game rentals. The decision to split the services was widely criticized; it was noted that the two websites would have been autonomous from each other (with ratings, reviews, and queues not carrying over between them), and would have required separate user accounts. Additionally, the two websites would require separate subscriptions, meaning that a bundle of DVD-by-mail
DVD-by-mail
and streaming service now cost US$16 per-month rather than $10.[121][122][123][124] On October 10, 2011, Netflix
Netflix
announced that it had shelved the planned re-branding in response to customer feedback, and that the DVD-by-mail and streaming services would continue to operate through a single website under the Netflix
Netflix
brand. However, the pricing increase was not reversed. Netflix
Netflix
stated that it had lost 800,000 subscribers in the fourth quarter of 2011—a loss partially credited to the poor reception of the aborted re-branding.[123][124][125] In March 2012, Netflix
Netflix
confirmed to TechCrunch
TechCrunch
that it had acquired the domain name DVD.com. By 2016, Netflix
Netflix
had quietly rebranded its DVD-by-mail
DVD-by-mail
service under the name DVD.com, A Netflix Company.[126][127][128] As of 2017, the service still has 3.3 million customers, and Hastings plan to keep it for at least five more years.[129] Profiles[edit] In June 2008, Netflix
Netflix
announced plans to eliminate its online subscriber profile feature.[130] Profiles allow one subscriber account to contain multiple users (for example, a couple, two roommates, or parent and child) with separate DVD
DVD
queues, ratings, recommendations, friend lists, reviews, and intra-site communications for each. Netflix contended that elimination of profiles would improve the customer experience.[131] However, likely as a result of negative reviews and reaction by Netflix
Netflix
users,[132][133][134] Netflix
Netflix
reversed its decision to remove profiles 11 days after the announcement.[135] In announcing the reinstatement of profiles, Netflix
Netflix
defended its original decision, stating, "Because of an ongoing desire to make our website easier to use, we believed taking a feature away that is only used by a very small minority would help us improve the site for everyone," then explained its reversal: "Listening to our members, we realized that users of this feature often describe it as an essential part of their Netflix
Netflix
experience. Simplicity is only one virtue and it can certainly be outweighed by utility."[136] Reintroduction[edit] Netflix
Netflix
reinvigorated the "Profiles" feature on August 1, 2013 that permits accounts to accommodate up to five user profiles, associated either with individuals or thematic occasions. "Profiles" effectively divides the interest of each user, so that each will receive individualized suggestions and adding favorites individually. "This is important", according to Todd Yellin, Netflix's Vice President of Product Innovation, because, "About 75 percent to 80 percent of what people watch on Netflix
Netflix
comes from what Netflix
Netflix
recommends, not from what people search for".[137] Moreover, Mike McGuire, a VP at Gartner, said: "profiles will give Netflix
Netflix
even more detailed information about its subscribers and their viewing habits, allowing the company to make better decisions about what movies and TV shows to offer".[138] Additionally, profiles lets users link their individual Facebook accounts, and thus share individual watch queues and recommendations,[138][139] since its addition in March after lobbying Congress to change an outdated act.[139] Neil Hunt, Netflix's former Chief Product Officer, told CNNMoney: "profiles are another way to stand out in the crowded streaming-video space", and, "The company said focus-group testing showed that profiles generate more viewing and more engagement".[140] Hunt says Netflix
Netflix
may link profiles to specific devices, in time, so a subscriber can skip the step of launching a specific profile each time s/he logs into Netflix
Netflix
on a given device.[141] Critics of the feature have noted:

New profiles are created as "blank slates",[141] but viewing history prior to profile creations stays profile-wide.[142] People don't always watch Netflix
Netflix
alone, and media watched with viewing partner(s) – whose tastes might not reflect the owner(s) – affect recommendations made to that profile[140][141][142]

In response to both concerns, however, users can refine future recommendations for a given profile by rating the shows watched and by their ongoing viewing habits.[141][142] Products[edit]

An Aquos
Aquos
remote control with a Netflix
Netflix
button

In 2011, Netflix
Netflix
introduced a Netflix
Netflix
button for certain remote controls, allowing users to instantly access Netflix
Netflix
on compatible devices.[143] Netflix
Netflix
revealed a prototype of the new device called "The Switch" at the 2015 World Maker Faire
Maker Faire
New York. "The Switch" allows Netflix
Netflix
users to turn off lights when connected to a smart home light system. It also connects to users' local networks to enable their servers to order takeout, and silence one's phone at the press of a button. Though the device hasn't been patented, Netflix
Netflix
released instructions on their website, on how to build it at home (DIY). The instructions cover both the electrical structure and the programming processes.[144][145] Since 2015, the company received significant technical support from France's CNRS
CNRS
concerning video compression and formating, through CNRS' Laboratoire des Sciences du Numérique de Nantes (LS2N). In March 2017 at Barcelona's World Congress for mobile technologies, the American company presented the French lab's open-source technological creation: a compression tool allowing HD+ video quality with a bandwidth need of under 100 kilo octets per second, 40 times less than that of HD TV needs and compatible with mobile services worldwide.[146] In May 2016, Netflix
Netflix
created a new tool called FAST to determine how fast one's Internet
Internet
connection is.[147] Content[edit] Netflix
Netflix
Originals[edit] Further information: List of original programs distributed by Netflix, List of original films distributed by Netflix, and List of original stand-up comedy specials distributed by Netflix A " Netflix
Netflix
Original" is content that is produced, co-produced, or distributed by Netflix
Netflix
exclusively on their services. Netflix
Netflix
funds their original shows differently than other TV networks when they sign a project, providing the money upfront and immediately ordering two seasons of most series.[14] In March 2011, Netflix
Netflix
began acquiring original content for its library, beginning with the hour-long political drama House of Cards, which debuted in February 2013. The series was produced by David Fincher, and stars Kevin Spacey.[148] In late 2011, Netflix
Netflix
picked up two eight-episode seasons of Lilyhammer
Lilyhammer
and a fourth season of the ex-Fox sitcom Arrested Development.[149][150] Netflix
Netflix
released the supernatural drama series Hemlock Grove in early 2013.[151] In February 2013, DreamWorks Animation
DreamWorks Animation
and Netflix
Netflix
co-produced Turbo FAST, based on the movie Turbo, which premiered in July.[152][153] Netflix
Netflix
has distributed over a dozen other animated family and kid shows, including All Hail King Julien, The Mr. Peabody & Sherman Show, Dawn of the Croods, Voltron: Legendary Defender, and Kulipari: An Army of Frogs.

Logos of some Netflix
Netflix
original programs

Orange Is the New Black
Orange Is the New Black
debuted on the streaming service in July 2013.[154] In a rare discussion of a Netflix
Netflix
show's ratings, Netflix executives have commented that the show is Netflix's most-watched original series.[155][156] In February 2016, Orange is the New Black was renewed for a fifth, sixth and seventh season. On June 9, 2017, season 5 was premiered and the new season is expected to premier in 2018, Summer.[157] In November 2013, Netflix
Netflix
and Marvel Television
Marvel Television
announced a five-season deal to produce live action Marvel superhero-focused series: Daredevil, Jessica Jones, Iron Fist and Luke Cage. The deal involves the release of four 13-episode seasons that culminate in a mini-series called The Defenders. Daredevil and Jessica Jones premiered in 2015.[158][159][160] The Luke Cage
Luke Cage
series premiered on September 30, 2016, followed by Iron Fist on March 17, 2017 and The Defenders on August 18, 2017.[161][162] In April 2016 the Netflix series in the Marvel Cinematic Universe were expanded further, to include a 13-episode series of The Punisher.[163][164] In addition to the Marvel deal, Disney
Disney
announced that the television series Star Wars: The Clone Wars would release its sixth and final season on Netflix, as well as all five prior and the feature film. The new Star Wars content was released on Netflix's streaming service on March 7, 2014.[165] In April 2014, Netflix
Netflix
signed Arrested Development creator Mitch Hurwitz and his production firm The Hurwitz Company to a multi-year deal to create original projects for the service.[166] The period drama Marco Polo premiered on December 12, 2014. The animated sitcom BoJack Horseman
BoJack Horseman
premiered in August 2014, to mixed reviews on release but garnering wide critical acclaim for the following seasons.[167] The science fiction drama Sense8
Sense8
debuted in June 2015, which was written and produced by The Wachowskis
The Wachowskis
and J. Michael Straczynski[168] Bloodline and Narcos
Narcos
were two other drama series that Netflix
Netflix
released in 2015. On November 6, 2015, Master of None
Master of None
premiered, starring Aziz Ansari. Other comedy shows premiering in 2015 included Unbreakable Kimmy Schmidt, Grace and Frankie, Wet Hot American Summer: First Day of Camp, and W/ Bob & David. Netflix
Netflix
continued to dramatically expand their original content in 2016. The science fiction supernatural drama Stranger Things
Stranger Things
premiered in July 2016, the music-driven drama The Get Down in August, and the year's premieres included comedy shows such as Love, Flaked, Netflix Presents: The Characters, The Ranch, and Lady Dynamite. Netflix released an estimated 126 original series or films in 2016, more than any other network or cable channel.[14] On September 14, 2016, Netflix
Netflix
and 20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox
jointly acquired the U.S distribution rights to the Canadian independent drama film Two Lovers and a Bear following its screening at the Toronto International Film Festival on September 9, 2016.[169] Netflix
Netflix
has also invested in distributing exclusive stand-up comedy specials from such notable comedians as Dave Chappelle, Louis C.K., Chris Rock, Jim Gaffigan, Bill Burr
Bill Burr
and Jerry Seinfeld.[170] In January 2017, Netflix
Netflix
announced all Seinfeld's Comedians in Cars Getting Coffee episodes and season 10 would be on their service.[171] The company has started internally self-producing its original content, such as The Ranch and Chelsea, through its Netflix
Netflix
Studios production house.[172] Netflix
Netflix
expected to release 1,000 hours of original content in 2017.[173] In October 2017, Netflix
Netflix
iterated a goal of having half of its library consist of original content by 2019, announcing a plan to invest $8 billion on original content in 2018. There will be a particular focus on films and anime through this investment, with a plan to produce 80 original films and 30 anime series.[174] In September 2017, Minister of Heritage Mélanie Joly
Mélanie Joly
also announced that Netflix
Netflix
had agreed to make a CDN$500 million (US$400 million) investment over the next five years in the production of content in Canada. The company denied that the deal was intended to result in a tax break.[175][176] In November 2017, Netflix
Netflix
announced that it would be making its first original Colombian series, to be executive produced by Ciro Guerra.[177] Film and television deals[edit] Netflix
Netflix
currently has exclusive pay TV deals with several studios. The pay TV deals give Netflix
Netflix
exclusive streaming rights while adhering to the structures of traditional pay TV terms. As of 2014, films catalogued in Netflix's United States
United States
library include recent releases from Relativity Media
Relativity Media
and its subsidiary Rogue Pictures,[178] as well as DreamWorks Animation,[179] Open Road Films[180] (though this deal expired in 2017; Showtime has assumed pay television rights[181]), FilmDistrict,[182] The Weinstein Company (one of whose founders, Harvey Weinstein, has been accused of sexual harassment as of 2017 (see Harvey Weinstein
Harvey Weinstein
sexual abuse allegations), causing Netflix
Netflix
to decide not to host the 75th Golden Globe Awards
75th Golden Globe Awards
with TWC, thus ending its Golden Globes partnership with the mini-major film studio[183]),[184][185] Sony Pictures Animation,[186] and the Walt Disney
Disney
Studios catalog among others. Other distributors who have sold back-catalog rights to Netflix include Warner Bros., Universal Pictures, Sony Pictures Entertainment, 20th Century Fox, and The Walt Disney
Disney
Studios. Netflix
Netflix
also holds current and back-catalog rights to television programs distributed by Disney–ABC Television Group, DreamWorks Classics, Kino International, Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
Television, 20th Television
20th Television
and CBS Television Distribution, along with titles from other companies such as Hasbro
Hasbro
Studios, Saban Brands, Funimation, and Viz Media.[187] Formerly, the streaming service also held rights to select television programs distributed by NBCUniversal Television Distribution
NBCUniversal Television Distribution
and Sony Pictures Television. Netflix
Netflix
also previously held the rights to select titles from vintage re-distributor The Criterion Collection, but these titles pulled from Netflix
Netflix
and added to Hulu's library.[188] Epix signed a five-year streaming deal with Netflix. For the initial two years of this agreement, first-run and back-catalog content from Epix was exclusive to Netflix. Epix films would come to Netflix
Netflix
90 days after their premiere on Epix. However, the exclusivity clause ended on September 4, 2012, when Amazon signed a deal with Epix to distribute its titles via the Amazon Video
Amazon Video
streaming service.[189] These include films from Paramount, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
and Lionsgate.[190][191] On September 1, 2011, Starz
Starz
ceased talks with Netflix
Netflix
to renew their streaming arrangement. As a result, Starz's library of films and series were removed from Netflix
Netflix
on February 28, 2012. Titles available on DVD
DVD
were not affected and can still be acquired from Netflix
Netflix
via their DVD-by-mail
DVD-by-mail
service.[192] However, select films broadcast on Starz
Starz
continue to be available on Netflix
Netflix
under license from their respective television distributors. Netflix
Netflix
also negotiated to distribute animated films from Universal that HBO declined to acquire, such as The Lorax, ParaNorman, and Minions.[193] On August 23, 2012, Netflix
Netflix
and The Weinstein Company signed a multi-year output deal for RADiUS-TWC films.[194] Later that year, on December 4, Netflix
Netflix
and Disney
Disney
announced an exclusive multi-year agreement for first-run United States
United States
subscription television rights to Walt Disney
Disney
Studios' animated and live-action films, which were available on Netflix
Netflix
beginning in 2016. However, classics such as Dumbo, Alice in Wonderland and Pocahontas were instantly available upon completion of the deal.[195] Direct-to-video releases were made available in 2013.[196][197] The agreement with Disney
Disney
is scheduled to end in 2019, as the company is preparing to launch a new streaming service that will carry all Walt Disney
Disney
Pictures, Marvel Studios, and Lucasfilm
Lucasfilm
releases. Netflix
Netflix
will retain rights to continue streaming the Marvel series that were produced for the service.[198] With the Disney-Fox merger, movie and TV titles from 20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox
will likely follow suit after their deal with Netflix
Netflix
expires,[199] except Two Lovers and a Bear, which Netflix
Netflix
will likely retain U.S streaming rights to as Fox and Netflix
Netflix
jointly acquired the U.S distribution rights to the film.[169] On January 14, 2013, Netflix
Netflix
signed an agreement with Time Warner's Turner Broadcasting System
Turner Broadcasting System
and Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
Television to distribute Cartoon Network, Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
Animation, and Adult Swim
Adult Swim
content, as well as TNT's Dallas, beginning in March 2013. The rights to these programs, previously held by Amazon Video, were given to Netflix shortly after their deal with Viacom
Viacom
to stream Nickelodeon
Nickelodeon
and Nick Jr. programs expired.[200] However, Cartoon Network's ratings dropped by 10% in households that had Netflix, and so many of the shows from that channel and Adult Swim
Adult Swim
were removed in March 2015.[201] However, most of these shows were added to Hulu
Hulu
in May of the same year.[202] In Canada, Netflix
Netflix
holds pay TV rights to films from Paramount, DreamWorks Animation
DreamWorks Animation
and 20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox
(shared with The Movie Network[203]), distributing all new content from those studios eight months after initial release. In 2015, the company also bought the Canadian pay TV rights to Disney
Disney
films.[204] In 2014, opinion web blogger Felix Salmon wrote that Netflix
Netflix
couldn't "afford the content that its subscribers most want to watch."[205] He cited as evidence the company's loss of rights to stream several major movies. According to journalist Megan McArdle, the loss of these movies was extremely problematic for the company; specifically, she said that "[Netflix's] movie library is no longer actually a good substitute for a good movie rental place".[206] Netflix
Netflix
also began to acquire distribution rights to third-party films in 2017 into 2018. One of its first acquisitions was the film The Cloverfield Paradox, which Netflix
Netflix
had acquired from Paramount Pictures in early 2018, and launched on its service on February 4, 2018, shortly after airing its first trailer during Super Bowl LII. While the film was critically panned, analysts believed that Netflix's purchase of the film helped to make the film instantly profitable for Paramount compared to a more traditional theatrical release, while Netflix
Netflix
benefited from the surprise reveal.[207][208] Other films acquired by Netflix
Netflix
includes international distribution for Paramounts Annihilation,[208] and worldwide distribution of Universal's Extinction.[209] Producers and distributors[edit]

20th Television, 20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox
Television Aniplex of America BBC Earth CBS Corporation, CBS Television Studios DreamWorks Animation Funimation Hasbro
Hasbro
Studios Kino International, NBCUniversal, Universal Television Saban Brands Universal Pictures Viz Media Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
Pictures, Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
Television Paramount Pictures

Device support[edit] Main article: List of Netflix-compatible devices Devices that are compatible with Netflix
Netflix
streaming services include Blu-ray
Blu-ray
Disc players, tablet computers, mobile phones, high-definition television (HDTV) receivers, home theater systems, set-top boxes, and video game consoles. 4K streaming requires a 4K-compatible device and display, both supporting HDCP 2.2. 4K streaming on personal computers requires hardware and software support of the Microsoft
Microsoft
PlayReady 3.0 digital rights management solution, which requires a compatible CPU, graphics card, and software environment. Currently, this feature is limited to Intel
Intel
Kaby Lake (seventh-generation Intel
Intel
Core), Windows 10, Nvidia Geforce 10 series
Geforce 10 series
graphics cards, and running through Microsoft
Microsoft
Edge web browser, or the UWP Netflix
Netflix
app.[210][211][212][213] Sales and marketing[edit]

Netflix's booth at the 2017 San Diego Comic-Con

Netflix's website has 117.6 million subscribers as of 2018, with 8.3 million being added in their last quarter. [214] This was about five times the number of visitors to Blockbuster's main website.[215] As of January 28, 2018, Netflix's website ranks as the 30th most trafficked website in the world and 9th most trafficked website in the United States.[216] During Q1 2011, sales and rentals of DVDs and Blu-ray
Blu-ray
discs plunged about 35%, and the sell-through of packaged discs fell 19.99% to $2.07 billion, with more money spent on subscription than in-store rentals. This decrease was attributed to the rising popularity of Netflix
Netflix
and other streaming services.[217] In July 2012, Netflix
Netflix
hired Kelly Bennett – former Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
Vice President of Interactive, Worldwide Marketing – to become its new Chief Marketing Officer. This also filled a vacancy at Netflix
Netflix
that had been empty for over six months when their previous CMO Leslie Kilgore left in January 2012.[218] Netflix
Netflix
has a Twitter
Twitter
feed, used to tweet about the new and upcoming shows that include hashtags to encourage engagement of their audience to not only watch the show but to contribute to the hashtag themselves.[219] International expansion[edit] Main article: International expansion of Netflix Whilst Netflx's service is available in many countries, receivable content is extremely limited in some. e.g. movies and tv series per country: 6,991 USA, 4.674 UK, 2,852 Germany, (as of March 2018).[220]

Availability of Netflix, as of Jan. 2016:   Available   Not available

2007 Netflix
Netflix
began streaming in the United States.

2010 The company first began offering streaming service to the international market on September 22, 2010 in Canada.[221]

2011 Netflix
Netflix
expanded its streaming service to Latin America, the Caribbean and the Guianas.[222]

2012 Netflix
Netflix
started its expansion to Europe in 2012, launching in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and Ireland on January 4.[223] By September 18 it had expanded to Denmark, Finland, Norway
Norway
and Sweden.[224]

2013 The company decided to slow expansion in order to control subscription costs.[225] It only expanded to the Netherlands.

2014 Netflix
Netflix
became available in Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Luxembourg, India
India
and Switzerland.[226]

2015 Netflix
Netflix
expanded to Australia
Australia
and New Zealand, Japan,[227][228][229] Italy, Portugal, and Spain.[230]

2016 Netflix
Netflix
announced at the Consumer Electronics Show
Consumer Electronics Show
in January 2016 that it had become available everywhere worldwide outside of Mainland China, Syria, North Korea
North Korea
and the territory of Crimea.[231][232]

2017 In April 2017, Netflix
Netflix
confirmed it had reached a licensing deal in Mainland China
Mainland China
for original Netflix
Netflix
content with iQiYi, a Chinese video streaming platform owned by Baidu.[233]

As of December 2017, Netflix
Netflix
officially supports 22 languages for user interface and customer support purposes: Arabic (Modern Standard), Bulgarian, Chinese (Simplified and Traditional), Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hebrew, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Norwegian (Bokmål), Polish, Portuguese (Brazilian and European), Romanian, Spanish (Castilian and Standard), Swedish, Thai and Turkish.[234] Competitors[edit] See also: Online DVD
DVD
rental and Video
Video
on demand Netflix's success was followed by the establishment of numerous other DVD
DVD
rental companies, both in the United States
United States
and abroad. Walmart began an online rental service in October 2002 but left the market in May 2005. However, Walmart
Walmart
later acquired the rental service Vudu
Vudu
in 2010.[235] Blockbuster Video
Blockbuster Video
entered the United States
United States
online market in August 2004, with a US$19.95 monthly subscription service (equivalent to $25.85 in 2017). This sparked a price war; Netflix
Netflix
had raised its popular three-disc plan from US$19.95 to US$21.99 just prior to Blockbuster's launch, but by October, Netflix
Netflix
reduced this fee to US$17.99. Blockbuster responded with rates as low as US$14.99 for a time, but, by August 2005, both companies settled at identical rates.[236] On July 22, 2007, Netflix
Netflix
dropped the prices of its two most popular plans by US$1.00 in an effort to better compete with Blockbuster's online-only offerings.[237] On October 4, 2012, Dish Network scrapped plans to make Blockbuster into a Netflix competitor.[238] (Dish bought the ailing Blockbuster, LLC in 2011 and will continue to license the brand name to franchise locations, and keep its "Blockbuster on Demand" video streaming service open.)[239] In 2005, Netflix
Netflix
cited Amazon.com
Amazon.com
as a potential competitor,[240] which until 2008, offered online video rentals in the United Kingdom and Germany. This arm of the business was eventually sold to LoveFilm; however, Amazon then bought LoveFilm
LoveFilm
in 2011.[241] In addition, Amazon now streams movies and television shows through Amazon Video
Amazon Video
(formerly Amazon Video
Amazon Video
On Demand and LOVEFiLM Instant).[242] Redbox
Redbox
is another competitor that uses a kiosk approach: Rather than mailing DVDs, customers pick up and return DVDs at self-service kiosks located in metropolitan areas. In September 2012, Coinstar, the owners of Redbox, announced plans to partner with Verizon to launch Redbox Instant by Verizon by late 2012.[243] In early 2013, Redbox
Redbox
Instant by Verizon began a limited beta release of its service,[244] which was described by critics as "No Netflix
Netflix
killer"[245] due to "glitches [and] lackluster selection."[246] CuriosityStream, a premium ad-free, subscription-based service launched in March 2015 similar to Netflix
Netflix
but offering strictly nonfiction content in the areas of science, technology, civilization and the human spirit, has been dubbed the "new Netflix
Netflix
for non-fiction".[247] Hulu
Hulu
Plus, like Netflix
Netflix
and Amazon Prime Instant Video, "ink[s] their own deals for exclusive and original content", requiring Netflix
Netflix
"not only to continue to attract new subscribers, but also keep existing ones happy."[248] Netflix
Netflix
and Blockbuster largely avoid offering pornography, but several "adult video" subscription services were inspired by Netflix, such as Sugar DVD
DVD
and WantedList.[249][250] In Australia, Netflix
Netflix
competes with several local streaming companies, most notably locally operated services Stan and Quickflix.[251] In the Nordic countries, Netflix
Netflix
competes with Viaplay, HBO Nordic
HBO Nordic
and C More.[252][253] In Southeast Asia, Netflix
Netflix
competes with HOOQ,[254] Astro On the Go, Sky on Demand, Singtel TV, HomeCable OnDemand, and iflix.[255] In New Zealand, Netflix
Netflix
competes with local streaming companies including Television New Zealand
New Zealand
(TVNZ),[256] Mediaworks New Zealand, Sky Network Television,[257] Lightbox,[258] Neon and Quickflix.[259] In Italy, Netflix
Netflix
competes with Infinity, Now TV and TIMvision.[260] In South Africa, Netflix
Netflix
competes with Showmax.[261] In the Middle East, Netflix
Netflix
competes with Starz
Starz
Play Arabia. In Mexico, when Televisa
Televisa
launched its own streaming service Blim, it was heavily criticized for not understanding millennials,[262][263] Netflix
Netflix
themselves also criticized the poor quality of the productions content made by Televisa.[264] Time Warner[edit] In a 2010 New York Times interview, Time Warner
Time Warner
CEO Jeff Bewkes downplayed Netflix
Netflix
as a threat to more traditional media companies. Bewkes told the newspaper, "It's a little bit like, is the Albanian army going to take over the world- I don't think so." At the same time, he recognized that the company's DVD
DVD
service may have contributed to a decline in DVD
DVD
sales, and regarding the industry's willingness to make special deals with Netflix
Netflix
in the future, he added "this has been an era of experimentation, and I think it's coming to a close."[265] Bewkes later refined his position, stating during a 2011 conference call that "things like Netflix
Netflix
are welcome additions to the infrastructure. They can monetize value for companies like Warner that maybe there wasn't – in terms of efficiency for older product, wasn't as available before[…]Our view of Netflix
Netflix
has been very consistent. I've tried at times to be humorous about it, sometimes to make a point."[266] Awards[edit] Further information: List of accolades received by Netflix On July 18, 2013, Netflix
Netflix
earned the first Primetime Emmy Award nominations for original online-only web television programs at the 65th Primetime Emmy Awards. Three of its web series, Arrested Development, Hemlock Grove and House of Cards, earned a combined 14 nominations (nine for House of Cards, three for Arrested Development and two for Hemlock Grove).[267] The House of Cards episode "Chapter 1" received four nominations for both the 65th Primetime Emmy Awards and 65th Primetime Creative Arts Emmy Awards, becoming the first webisode of a television series to receive a major Primetime Emmy Award nomination: David Fincher
David Fincher
was nominated in the category of Outstanding Directing for a Drama Series.[267][268] "Chapter 1" joined Arrested Development's "Flight of the Phoenix" and Hemlock Grove's "Children of the Night" as the first webisodes to earn Creative Arts Emmy Award nomination, and with its win for Outstanding Cinematography for a Single-Camera Series, "Chapter 1" became the first webisode to be awarded an Emmy.[269] Fincher's win for Directing for a Drama Series made the episode the first Primetime Emmy-awarded webisode.[270] On December 12, 2013, the network earned six Golden Globe Award nominations, including four for House of Cards.[271] Among those nominations was Wright for Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Television Series Drama for her portrayal of Claire Underwood, which she won at the 71st Golden Globe Awards
Golden Globe Awards
on January 12. With the accolade, Wright became the first actress to win a Golden Globe for an online-only web television series. It also marked Netflix' first major acting award.[272][273][274] House of Cards and Orange is the New Black also won Peabody Awards
Peabody Awards
in 2013.[275] On July 10, 2014, Netflix
Netflix
received 31 Emmy nominations. Among other nominations, House of Cards received nominations for Outstanding Drama Series, Outstanding Directing in a Drama Series and Outstanding Writing in a Drama Series. Kevin Spacey
Kevin Spacey
and Robin Wright were nominated for Outstanding Lead Actor and Outstanding Lead Actress in a Drama Series. Orange is the New Black was nominated in the comedy categories, earning nominations for Outstanding Comedy Series, Outstanding Writing For A Comedy Series and Outstanding Directing For A Comedy Series. Taylor Schilling, Kate Mulgrew and Uzo Aduba were respectively nominated for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Comedy Series, Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Comedy Series and Outstanding Guest Actress in a Comedy Series (the latter was for Aduba's recurring role in season one, as she was promoted to series regular for the show's second season).[276] Netflix
Netflix
got the largest share of 2016 Emmy award nominations among its competitors, with 16 major nominations. However, streaming shows only got 24 nominations out of a total of 139, falling significantly behind cable.[277] The 16 Netflix
Netflix
nominees were: House of Cards with Kevin Spacey, A Very Murray Christmas
A Very Murray Christmas
with Bill Murray, Unbreakable Kimmy Schmidt, Master of None, and Bloodline.[277] Stranger Things
Stranger Things
received 18 nominations at the 2017 Primetime Emmy Awards, while The Crown received 13 nominations.[278] In April 2017, Netflix
Netflix
was nominated for Broadcaster of the Year in the UK's Diversity in Media Awards. In December 2017, Netflix
Netflix
was awarded PETA's Company Of The Year for promoting animal rights movies and documentaries like Forks Over Knives and What The Health. At the 90th Academy Awards, held on March 4, 2018, Netflix
Netflix
won the Oscar for "Best Feature Documentary" for the film Icarus. During his remarks backstage, director and writer Bryan Fogel remarked that Netflix
Netflix
had "single-handedly changed the documentary world." Icarus had its premier at the 2017 Sundance Film Festival
Sundance Film Festival
and was bought by Netflix
Netflix
for $5 million, one of the biggest deals ever for a non-fiction film.[279] Finance and revenue[edit] 2010[edit] In 2010, Netflix's stock price increased 219% to $175.70 and it added eight million subscribers, bringing its total to 20 million. Revenue jumped 29% to $2.16 billion and net income was up 39% to $161 million.[280] 2011[edit] In April 2011, Netflix
Netflix
was expected to earn $1.07 a share in the first quarter of 2011 on revenue of $705.7 million, a huge increase compared to the year-earlier profit of 59¢ on revenue of $493.7 million, according to a survey of 25 analysts polled by FactSet Research.[281] At their peak, in July 2011, Netflix
Netflix
shares were trading for $299. Following the customer dissatisfaction and resulting loss of subscribers after the announcements by CEO Hastings that streaming and DVD
DVD
rental would be charged separately, leading to a higher price for customers who wanted both (on September 1), and that the DVD
DVD
rental would be split off as the subsidiary Qwikster (on September 18), the share price fell steeply, to around $130.[282][283] However, on October 10, 2011, plans to split the company were scrapped. The reason being that "two websites would make things more difficult", he stated on the Netflix
Netflix
blog. On November 22, Netflix's share tumbled, as share prices fell by as much as 7%.[284] By December 2011, as a consequence of its decision to raise prices, Neflix had lost over 75% of its total value from the summer.[285][286] Describing their business model as "broken", Wedbush downgraded Netflix's stock rating to "underperform", the equivalent of sell.[287] 2014[edit] In May 2014, Netflix
Netflix
increased the fee for UK subscribers by £1.[288] The price increase took effect immediately for new subscribers, but would be delayed for two years for existing members. Netflix
Netflix
applied similar increases in the United States
United States
(an increase of $1) and the Eurozone (an increase of €1). According to Forbes,[289] " Netflix
Netflix
can add roughly $500 million in annual incremental revenues in the U.S. alone by 2017 with this move" and "roughly $200–250 million in incremental revenues from price changes in international markets". However, Reuters' Felix Salmon is critical about Netflix's financial future, noting that "any time that Netflix
Netflix
builds up a profit margin, the studios will simply raise their prices until that margin disappears".[290] 2016[edit] In April 2016, Netflix
Netflix
announced it would be ending a loyalty rate in certain countries for subscribers who were continuously subscribed before price rises.[291] Netflix
Netflix
spent about $5 billion on original content in 2016;[292] this compares to a 2015 revenue of US$6.77 billion (2015).[293] Legal issues and controversies[edit] Main article: Legal issues and controversies surrounding Netflix In 2004, Netflix
Netflix
was sued for false advertising in relation to claims of "unlimited rentals" with "one-day delivery".[294] In 2015, Netflix
Netflix
was caught up in an international copyright lawsuit involving the 1948 Italian film Bicycle Thieves.[295][296] Netflix
Netflix
was sued in 2016 for telling subscribers in marketing material that it "would not increase monthly subscription prices as long as the subscribers maintained the subscription service continuously," However, it announced that it would "phase out this grandfathering gradually over the remainder of 2016, with our longest tenured members getting the longest benefit." Thus, according to the class action, " Netflix
Netflix
has broken its contract with these subscribers by unilaterally raising monthly subscription prices."[297] Netflix-Original movies are banned from competing at the 2018 Cannes Film Festival, artistic director Theirry Fremaux said to The Hollywood Reporter, " Netflix
Netflix
films will be permitted to screen at Cannes, they won’t be eligible to compete in this year’s festival." "The Netflix
Netflix
people loved the red carpet and would like to be present with other films. But they understand that the intransigence of their own model is now the opposite of ours".[298] User information[edit] Main article: Technical details of Netflix

This section should include a summary of Technical details of Netflix. See:Summary style for information on how to incorporate it into this article's main text. (July 2017)

Effects and legacy[edit] The rise of Netflix
Netflix
has affected the way audiences watch televised content. Netflix's CPO Neil Hunt believes that Netflix
Netflix
is a model for what television will look like in 2025. He points out that because the Internet
Internet
allows users the freedom to watch shows at their own pace, an episode does not need cliffhangers to tease the audience to keep tuning in week after week, because they can just binge straight into the next episode.[299] Netflix
Netflix
has allowed content creators to deviate from traditional formats that force 30 minute or 60 minute timeslots once a week, which it claims gives them an advantage over networks. Their model provides a platform that allows varying run times per episode based on a storyline, eliminates the need for a week to week recap, and does not have a fixed notion of what constitutes a "season". This flexibility also allows Netflix
Netflix
to nurture a show until it finds its audience, unlike traditional networks which will quickly cancel a show if it is unable to maintain steady ratings.[300] Netflix
Netflix
has strayed from the traditional necessary production of a pilot episode in order to establish the characters and create arbitrary cliffhangers to prove to the network that the concept of the show will be successful. Kevin Spacey
Kevin Spacey
spoke at the Edinburgh International Television Festival about how the new Netflix
Netflix
model was effective for the production of House of Cards, " Netflix
Netflix
was the only company that said, 'We believe in you. We've run our data, and it tells us our audience would watch this series." Though traditional networks are unwilling to risk millions of dollars on shows without first seeing a pilot, Spacey points out that in 2012, 113 pilots were made, 35 of those were chosen to go to air, 13 of those were renewed, and most of those are gone now. The total cost of this is somewhere between $300 million and $400 million, which makes Netflix's deal for House of Cards extremely cost effective.[301] Netflix's subscription fee also eliminates the need for commercials, so they are free from needing to appease advertisers to fund their original content, a model similar to traditional pay television services such as HBO and Showtime. The Netflix
Netflix
model has also affected viewers' expectations. According to a 2013 Nielsen survey, more than 60% of Americans said they binge-watch shows and nearly eight out of 10 Americans have used technology to watch their favorite shows on their own schedule.[302] Netflix
Netflix
has successfully continued to release its original content by making the whole season available at once, acknowledging changing viewer habits. This allows audiences to watch episodes at a time of their choosing rather than having to watch just one episode a week at a specific scheduled time; this effectively gives its subscribers freedom and control over when to watch the next episode at their own pace. Netflix
Netflix
has capitalized on these habits by automatically playing the next episode in the series, removing the 15-second wait times of content on other streaming services. The structure that allows convenient viewing of episodes, as well as the intent to provide content of quality comparable to some broadcast and cable television programs, in effect often results in the viewer being hooked into the program by the time the next episode starts.[303] In June 2016, Russian Minister of Culture Vladimir Medinsky
Vladimir Medinsky
asserted that Netflix
Netflix
is part of the US government plot to influence the world culture, "to enter every home, get into every television, and through that television, into the head of every person on earth". This was part of his argument for the increase of funding of Russian cinema to pitch it against the dominance of Hollywood.[304] The Netflix
Netflix
Model[edit] Coined by media analysts and journalists, this is a phenomenon that influenced the creation or launches of similar "Netflix-like" services in other businesses outside of media and entertainment, examples include Facebook
Facebook
Watch, MoviePass, YouTube
YouTube
Red and YouTube
YouTube
TV, HBO Now, CBS All Access, Spotify, Apple Music, Xbox Game Pass
Xbox Game Pass
among many others. And also sparking consolidation among traditional media conglomerates, including Disney's pending[when?] acquisition of 21st Century Fox and AT&T's pending[when?] acquisition of Time Warner.[305][306][307] See also[edit]

San Francisco Bay Area portal Companies portal Film portal

Comparison between OTT and IPTV Digital television Netflix
Netflix
and chill

References[edit]

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Arrested Development (season 4, 2013) The Killing (season 4, 2014) Star Wars: The Clone Wars (season 6, 2014) Trailer Park Boys
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Former

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VeggieTales in the House
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Disjointed
(2017–18) Five Came Back (2017) Girlboss
Girlboss
(2017) The Keepers
The Keepers
(2017) Gypsy (2017) Wet Hot American Summer: Ten Years Later (2017) The Defenders (2017) Alias Grace (2017) Godless (2017) VeggieTales in the City (2017) A StoryBots Christmas
A StoryBots Christmas
(2017) Damnation (2017–18) Collateral (2018)

Upcoming

Lost in Space (2018) Spy Kids: Mission Critical (2018) The Letdown (2018) 3 Below (2018) Baki (2018) Luis Miguel (2018) Chilling Adventures of Sabrina (2018) Comedians in Cars Getting Coffee
Comedians in Cars Getting Coffee
(season 10, 2018) Disenchantment (2018) Distrito Salvaje (2018) Dr. Seuss' Green Eggs and Ham (2018) Harvey Street Kids (2018) Hilda (2018) Insatiable (2018) Kingdom (2018) Kiss Me First (2018) Knights of the Zodiac: Saint Seiya
Saint Seiya
(2018) La Casa de las Flores (2018) Maniac (2018) Safe (2018) Samantha! (2018) The Ballad of Buster Scruggs (2018) The Epic Tales of Captain Underpants (2018) The Rain (2018) The Umbrella Academy (2018) Untitled Michelle Wolf variety show (2018) Carmen Sandiego (2019) Jinn (2019) Messiah (2019) Top Boy
Top Boy
(season 3, 2019) The Last Kids on Earth (2019) Wizards (2019) Best Worst Weekend Ever (TBA) Chambers (TBA) Cursed (TBA) Dead To Me (TBA) Ghoul (TBA) Nightflyers (TBA) Norm Macdonald Has a Show (TBA) Paradise, P.D. (TBA) Raising Dion (TBA) Ratched (TBA) The Dark Crystal: Age of Resistance (TBA) The Eddy (TBA) The Forgiving Earth (TBA) The Good Cop (TBA) The Green Beret’s Guide to Surviving the Apocalypse (TBA) The Haunting of Hill House (TBA) The Innocents (TBA) The Kominsky Method (TBA) The Politician (TBA) The Prince of Peoria (TBA) The Spy (TBA) The Witcher (TBA) Tidelands (TBA) Tuca & Bertie (TBA) Unbelievable (TBA) Wanderlust (TBA) Watership Down (TBA)

v t e

Netflix
Netflix
films and documentaries

Current

Documentaries

The Zen of Bennett
The Zen of Bennett
(2012) The Short Game (2013) The Square (2014) Mitt (2014) The Battered Bastards of Baseball
The Battered Bastards of Baseball
(2014) Print the Legend
Print the Legend
(2014) E-Team
E-Team
(2014) Virunga (2014) Hot Girls Wanted (2015) What Happened, Miss Simone? (2015) Tig (2015) Winter on Fire: Ukraine's Fight for Freedom (2015) My Beautiful Broken Brain
My Beautiful Broken Brain
(2016) Extremis (2016) The White Helmets (2016) Audrie & Daisy (2016) Amanda Knox (2016) 13th (2016) Into the Inferno (2016) I'll Sleep When I'm Dead (2016) The Ivory Game (2016) Casting JonBenet (2017) Get Me Roger Stone
Get Me Roger Stone
(2017) Joshua: Teenager vs. Superpower (2017) Icarus (2017) Heroin(e) (2017) Strong Island (2017) Gaga: Five Foot Two (2017) One of Us (2017) Jim & Andy: The Great Beyond (2017) Cuba and the Cameraman (2017)

Films

Beasts of No Nation (2015) A Very Murray Christmas
A Very Murray Christmas
(2015) The Ridiculous 6
The Ridiculous 6
(2015) Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon: Sword of Destiny (2016) Pee-wee's Big Holiday
Pee-wee's Big Holiday
(2016) Special
Special
Correspondents (2016) The Do-Over
The Do-Over
(2016) The Fundamentals of Caring (2016) Brahman Naman
Brahman Naman
(2016) Rebirth (2016) Tallulah (2016) XOXO (2016) ARQ (2016) The Siege of Jadotville (2016) Mascots (2016) I Am the Pretty Thing That Lives in the House
I Am the Pretty Thing That Lives in the House
(2016) 7 Años (2016) True Memoirs of an International Assassin
True Memoirs of an International Assassin
(2016) Mercy (2016) Spectral
Spectral
(2016) Barry (2016) Coin Heist
Coin Heist
(2017) Clinical (2017) Take the 10
Take the 10
(2017) iBoy (2017) Imperial Dreams
Imperial Dreams
(2017) Girlfriend's Day
Girlfriend's Day
(2017) I Don't Feel at Home
Home
in This World Anymore (2017) Burning Sands (2017) Deidra & Laney Rob a Train (2017) The Most Hated Woman in America (2017) The Discovery (2017) Win It All (2017) Sandy Wexler
Sandy Wexler
(2017) Sand Castle (2017) Tramps (2017) Small Crimes
Small Crimes
(2017) Handsome: A Netflix
Netflix
Mystery Movie (2017) Blame! (2017) War Machine (2017) Shimmer Lake (2017) You Get Me (2017) Okja
Okja
(2017) To the Bone (2017) The Incredible Jessica James (2017) Naked (2017) What Happened to Monday (2017) Death Note (2017) Little Evil (2017) First They Killed My Father (2017) Gerald's Game (2017) Our Souls at Night (2017) The Meyerowitz Stories
The Meyerowitz Stories
(2017) The Babysitter (2017) 1922 (2017) Wheelman (2017) The Killer (2017) A Christmas Prince (2017) Mudbound (2017) El Camino Christmas (2017) Christmas Inheritance (2017) Bright (2017) The Polka King
The Polka King
(2018) Godzilla: Planet of the Monsters (2018) The Open House (2018) Step Sisters (2018) A Futile and Stupid Gesture (2018) The Cloverfield Paradox (2018) When We First Met (2018) Love Per Square Foot (2018) Irreplaceable You (2018) Mute (2018) The Outsider (2018) Benji (2018) Game Over, Man! (2018) Paradox (2018) Roxanne Roxanne (2018) First Match (2018) Happy Anniversary (2018) 6 Balloons (2018)

Upcoming films

Come Sunday (2018) Dude (2018) Kodachrome (2018) The Week Of (2018) Hold the Dark (2018) Cargo (2018) The Angel (2018) The Legacy of a Whitetail Deer Hunter (2018) How It Ends (2018) Private Life (2018) Apostle (2018) The Highwaymen (2018) Velvet Buzzsaw (2018) Norway
Norway
(2018) Outlaw King (2018) Untitled Noah Baumbach Project (2018) Bird Box (2018) Extinction (2018) Sierra Burgess Is a Loser (2018) The Land of Steady Habits (2018) The Other Side of the Wind
The Other Side of the Wind
(2018) Untitled Alex Lehmann Project (2018) Godzilla: City on the Edge of Battle (2018) Roma (2018) The Irishman (2019) Anastasia (TBA) Brain on Fire (TBA) Juanita (TBA) Nappily Ever After (TBA) Set It Up (TBA) Someone Great (TBA) The Dirt (TBA) The Last Laugh (TBA) Wine Country (TBA) IO (TBA) Ibiza (TBA)

Unreleased

Gore

v t e

Netflix
Netflix
specials

Stand-up comedy

Craig Ferguson: I'm Here to Help (2013) John Hodgman: Ragnarok (2013) Aziz Ansari: Buried Alive (2013) Chelsea Handler: Uganda Be Kidding Me Live (2014) Nick Offerman: American Ham (2014) Aziz Ansari: Live at Madison Square Garden (2015) Hasan Minhaj: Homecoming King (2017) Jerry Before Seinfeld (2017)

Other

Justin Timberlake + The Tennessee Kids (2016) Michael Bolton's Big, Sexy Valentine's Day Special
Special
(2017)

Unreleased

Bill Cosby 77

Links to related articles

v t e

Video
Video
digital distribution platforms

Digital library Streaming media Video
Video
on demand

Free

3Player 56.com 7plus 9Now ABC iview Aparat AcFun afreecaTV All 4 Arte
Arte
Boutique BBC iPlayer Bilibili BitTorrent Blinkbox Break.com Brightcove Buzznet Canalplay Chicken Pork Adobo Crackle Dailymotion Daum DittoTV DramaFever Facebook
Facebook
Watch Flickr Fotki France
France
TV Pluzz Frequency Funimation Funshion GOG.com GyaO Hoopla Hotstar Hunter TV iQiyi ITV Hub i Want TV Le Lightbox LiveLeak Mango TV Medici.tv Metacafe Mixer My5 My TF1
TF1
VOD MyVideo Naver NeuLion The NewsMarket Niconico Noggin OneWorldTV Ora TV OverDrive, Inc. Pandora TV PictureBox Films Pluto TV Popcornflix PPTV Putlocker Queensland Online TV RTÉ Player Rumble Rutube SBS on Demand SchoolTube Sky Go Smashcast.tv Sohu Sony LIV Sina Video Spirit Show Network Spuul Starlight Networks Steam Streamworks International STV Player SVT Play Talk Talk
Talk
TV Tank Top TV TAPP TV TeacherTube Teaching Channel Telly Inc TENplay thePlatform Toon Goggles Trilulilu Tubi TV Tudou TV UOL Tvigle TVNZ OnDemand TVPlayer tvyo Twitch.tv UKTV Play Ultraviolet VBOX7 Veoh Vevo Viddsee Viewster Viki Vimeo Viu Voddler V.QQ.com VyRT Wistia Wuaki Xfinity
Xfinity
Streampix Xunlei
Xunlei
Kankan Yahoo! View Youku YouTube YuppTV Zattoo

Sports

Fox Sports Go WatchESPN

Pornographic

PornerBros Pornhub PornMD PornoTube RedTube XHamster Xtube XVideos YouPorn

Comedy

Funny or Die

Paid

All Japan
Japan
Pro Wrestling TV Acorn TV Amazon Video AnimeLab Big Japan
Japan
Pro Wrestling Core Boomerang CBS All Access CraveTV Crunchyroll CuriosityStream Club WWN DirecTV
DirecTV
Now DDT Universe Demand Progress Dragon Gate Network ESPN+ FandangoNOW Fandor FilmStruck Foxtel Play Fullscreen FITE TV Global Wrestling Network Google Play Movies
Google Play Movies
& TV HBO Go HBO Now Hillsong Channel Now HOOQ Hulu Honor Club Icflix iflix iTunes Store Mubi Netflix New Japan
Japan
Pro-Wrestling World Nintendo eShop Now TV PlayStation Store PlayStation Video PlayStation Vue Playster Rooster Teeth
Rooster Teeth
FIRST SHAHID Showmax Showtime Shudder Sky On Demand Sling TV Stan STARZ Stardom World TVPlayer UFC Fight Pass VidAngel Vudu Windows Store
Windows Store
( Microsoft
Microsoft
Movies & TV) WWE Network WWNLive YouTube
YouTube
Red YouTube
YouTube
TV

Discontinued

Azubu BBC Store Blip Blockbuster On Demand (now part of Sling TV) BlogTV CinemaNow Daisuki Fearnet Flixster Google
Google
Video Hitbox.tv imeem iMesh Intel
Intel
AppUp Joost Justin.tv Kazaa LoveFilm Megavideo MUZU.TV Nintendo Channel Nintendo Video Nokia Store Openfilm PLUS7 Presto Quickflix Redbox
Redbox
Instant by Verizon Revver Seeso Shomi Sony Entertainment
Entertainment
Network Stage6 Super Deluxe TouchVision Triton TroopTube Twango Vdio Vessel Viddler Vidme Vine Vongo Warner Archive Instant WeShow Windows Media Center WWE Classics on Demand Yahoo! Screen Zune Marketplace

v t e

Companies of the NASDAQ-100
NASDAQ-100
index

21st Century Fox Activision Blizzard Adobe Systems Alexion Pharmaceuticals Align Technology Alphabet Amazon.com American Airlines Group Amgen Analog Devices Apple Applied Materials ASML Holding Autodesk Automatic Data Processing Baidu Biogen BioMarin Pharmaceutical Booking Holdings Broadcom Limited CA Technologies Cadence Design Systems Celgene Cerner Charter Communications Check Point Cintas Cisco Systems Citrix Systems Cognizant Comcast Costco CSX Ctrip.com International Dentsply Sirona Dish Network Dollar Tree eBay Electronic Arts Expedia Express Scripts Facebook Fastenal Fiserv Gilead Sciences Hasbro Henry Schein Hologic Idexx Laboratories Illumina Incyte Intel Intuit Intuitive Surgical J. B. Hunt
J. B. Hunt
Transport Services JD.com KLA-Tencor Kraft Heinz Lam Research Liberty Global Liberty Interactive Marriott International Maxim Integrated
Maxim Integrated
Products MercadoLibre Microchip Technology Micron Technology Microsoft Mondelez International Monster Beverage Mylan NetEase Netflix Nvidia O'Reilly Auto Parts Paccar Paychex PayPal Qualcomm Regeneron Ross Stores Seagate Technology Shire Sirius XM Holdings Skyworks Solutions Starbucks Symantec Synopsys T-Mobile US Take-Two Interactive Tesla, Inc. Texas Instruments Ulta Beauty Verisk Analytics Vertex Pharmaceuticals Vodafone Walgreens Boots Alliance Western Digital Workday Wynn Resorts Xilinx

v t e

Video
Video
rental shops

Brick and mortar

Chain stores

Civic Video Culture Convenience Club Family Video Jumbo Video Le SuperClub Vidéotron Video
Video
Ezy

DVD-by-mail

Netflix Quickflix

Kiosks

Xtra-Vision
Xtra-Vision
( Xtra-Vision
Xtra-Vision
Xpress) Best Buy Redbox

Streaming media

BlackBerry World CinemaNow FandangoNOW Google
Google
Play Movies iTunes Store Movies & TV Netflix Quickflix Sling TV

Defunct video rental chains

Xtra-Vision Avenue Video Blockbuster

still exists as franchise

Movie Gallery

Hollywood Video

Ritz Video Rogers Plus Video
Video
City Video
Video
Library West Coast Video

Defunct DVD-by-mail

LoveFilm Zip.ca

Former video rental chains

Playdium Movie Magic Videoflicks

v t e

Cable, satellite, and other specialty television providers in the United States

Cable MVPD

Adams Cable Altice USA

Optimum Suddenlink Communications

Armstrong Atlantic Broadband AT&T Alascom Blue Ridge Communications Blue Stream Broadstripe Buckeye Broadband Cable One Charter Spectrum Comcast
Comcast
Xfinity Comtech21 Consolidated Communications

FairPoint Communications

Cox Communications Deltacom DoCoMo Pacific Emery Telcom Full Channel GCI Hargray Hood Canal Communications Mediacom Midco Northlake Telecom Northland Communications Liberty Puerto Rico Ritter Communications Santel Communications Satview Broadband Service Electric Shentel SRT Communications TDS Telecom TPG

Grande Communications RCN Corporation Wave Broadband

Troy
Troy
Cablevision TruVista Communications WOW! ZTelco

Satellite MVPD

Claro Dish Network DirecTV Glorystar Headend in the Sky Home2US

Fiber MVPD / IPTV

AT&T U-verse CenturyLink
CenturyLink
Prism TV Cincinnati Bell
Cincinnati Bell
FiOptics Claro Consolidated Communications

FairPoint Communications

EPB Frontier FiOS Google
Google
Fiber GTA Teleguam Hawaiian Telcom Midco NEP Datastream TV North State Communications Smithville Fiber Sonic.net TDS Telecom Verizon FiOS Whidbey Telecom Windstream Kinetic

Virtual MVPD

DirecTV
DirecTV
Now FuboTV Hulu
Hulu
with Live TV Philo PlayStation Vue Sling TV Spectrum TV Stream Xfinity
Xfinity
Instant TV YouTube
YouTube
TV

Over-the-top

Amazon Video Anime
Anime
Network Apple iTunes Store CBS All Access Crackle Crunchyroll CW Seed CuriosityStream DramaFever Fandor FunimationNow go90 Hallmark Movies Now HBO Now History Vault Hulu iON (IPTV) Lifetime Movie Club Netflix Noggin Pluto TV Roku Seeso Showtime Starz Tribeca Shortlist Tubi TV UFC Fight Pass Univision
Univision
NOW YuppTV WWE Network

Defunct cable

Adelphia Communications Corporation Alameda Power and Telecom1 Astound Broadband AT&T Broadband

MediaOne/Continental Cablevision Tele-Communications Inc.

Baja Broadband

US Cable

Bresnan Communications Bright House Networks Cablevision Champion Broadband Cobridge Communications Community Home
Home
Entertainment Graceba Total Communications Insight Communications Jones Intercable King Videocable Knology Marcus Cable NPG Cable Paragon Cable Rapid Communications TelePrompTer/Group W Cable Time Warner
Time Warner
Cable UA-Columbia Cablevision Windjammer Communications

1 – Still in operation, but no longer offers cable or Internet
Internet
as part of its services

Defunct satellite

AlphaStar GlobeCast World TV PrimeStar United States
United States
Satellite Broadcasting Voom HD Networks

Defunct IPTV

Sky Angel Virtual Digital Cable

Defunct terrestrial

Aereo USDTV MovieBeam

Defunct virtual MVPD

CenturyLink
CenturyLink
Stream

v t e

Additional resources on North American television

North America

List of local television stations in North America DTV transition North American TV mini-template

Canada

Canadian networks List of Canadian television networks List of Canadian television channels List of Canadian specialty channels Local Canadian TV stations List of United States
United States
stations available in Canada 2001 Vancouver TV realignment 2007 Canada
Canada
broadcast TV realignment

Mexico

Mexican networks Local Mexican TV stations

United States

American networks List of American cable and satellite networks List of American over-the-air networks Local American TV stations (W) Local American TV stations (K) Spanish-language TV networks 1994 United States
United States
broadcast TV realignment 2006 United States
United States
broadcast TV realignment List of Canadian television stations available in the United States Insular Areas TV

Africa, Asia, Middle East
Middle East
and Oceania Americas Europe

v t e

Major Internet
Internet
companies

Companies with an annual revenue of over US$2 billion

Largest Internet
Internet
companies

Baidu Facebook FMG/Fusion Media Group Google InterActiveCorp Microsoft Naver NetEase Netflix Tencent Twitter Uber Vox Media Yandex

Cloud computing

Akamai Technologies Alibaba Cloud Amazon Web Services Google IBM Microsoft Oracle Corporation Rackspace Salesforce.com

E-commerce only

Alibaba Group Amazon.com eBay Flipkart Groupon JD.com Shopify Rakuten

See also Largest IT companies List of largest Internet
Internet
companies Category: Internet
Internet
companies

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 110144647635343459670 LCCN: nr2007013388 GND: 1036416135 BNF:

.