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In Greek mythology, the Nereids (/ˈnɪəriɪdz/ NEER-ee-idz; Greek: Νηρηΐδες Nereides, sg. Νηρηΐς Nereis) are sea nymphs (female spirits of sea waters), the 50 daughters of Nereus and Doris, sisters to their brother Nerites.[1] They often accompany Poseidon, the god of the sea, and can be friendly and helpful to sailors (such as the Argonauts in their search for the Golden Fleece).

French Empire mantel clock (1822) depicting the nereid Galatea velificans

This list is correlated from four sources: Homer's Iliad,[5] Hesiod's Theogony,[6] the Bibliotheca of Pseudo-Apollodorus[7] and the Fabulae of Hyginus.[8] Because of this, the total number of names goes beyond fifty.[9]

List of nereids
No. Name Sources
Hom. Hes. Ps-Apol. Hyg. Others<

In Homer's Iliad XVIII, when Thetis cries out in sympathy for the grief of Achilles for the slain Patroclus, her sisters appear. The Nereid Opis is mentioned in Virgil's Aeneid. She is called by the goddess Diana to avenge the death of the Amazon-like female warrior Camilla. Diana gives Opis magical weapons for revenge on Camilla's killer, the Etruscan Arruns. Opis sees and laments Camilla's death, and kills Arruns with an arrow in revenge as directed by Diana.[2]

In modern Greek folklore, the term "nereid" (νεράιδα, neráida) has come to be used for all nymphs, fairies, or mermaids, not merely nymphs of the sea.[3]

Nereid, a moon of the planet Neptune, is named after the Nereids. Nereid Lake in Antarctica is nam

Nereid, a moon of the planet Neptune, is named after the Nereids. Nereid Lake in Antarctica is named after the nymphs.[4]

This list is correlated from four sources: Homer's Iliad,[5] Hesiod's Theogony,[6] the Bibliotheca of Pseudo-Apollodorus[7] and the Fabulae of Hyginus.[8] Because of this, the total number of names goes beyond fifty.[9]

List of nereids
No. Name Sources
Hom. Hes. Ps-Apol. Hyg. Others
1Actaea
2 Agaue
3 Amatheia
4Amphinome
5 Amphithoe
6 Amphitrite
7Apseudes
8