NELLAIAPPAR TEMPLE (நெல்லையப்பர்
கோயில்) is a
The temple complex covers an area of six acres and all its shrines are enclosed with concentric rectangular walls. The temple has a number of shrines, with those of Nelliappar, Natarajar and his consort Kanthimathi being the most prominent.
The temple has three six rituals at various times from 6:00 a.m. to 9:00 p.m., and six yearly festivals on its calendar. Brahmotsavam festival during the Tamil month of _Thai_ (January - February) is the most prominent festival celebrated in the temple.
The original complex is believed to have been built by
while the present masonry structure was built during the 16th century
Madurai Nayaks . In modern times, the temple is maintained and
administered by the Hindu Religious and Charitable Endowments
Department of the Government of
* 1 History * 2 Architecture * 3 Thaamira Ambalam * 4 Religious importance and festivals * 5 Pancha Sabhai Sthalangal * 6 Literary mention * 7 References * 8 External links
According to the puranas , both the Gopurams were built by Muluthukanda Rama konar and the other important parts of the temple were constructed by Nindraseer Nedumaran who reigned in the 7th century. The mani mandapam with its famous musical pillar was built by Nindaraseer Nedumaran in the 7th century. Originally the Nellaiappar and Kanthimathi temples were two independent structures with spaces in between. It was in 1647 that Thiru Vadamalaiappa Pillaiyan, a great devotee of Siva linked the two temples by building the "Chain mandapam" (In Tamil Sangili Mandapam). To the western portion of the chain mandapam is the flower garden that was set up in 1756 by Thiruvengadakrishna Mudaliar. In the centre of the Flower Garden is a square vasantha mandapm with 100 pillars. The Nandi mandapam is said to have been built by Sivanthiappa Nayak in 1654. The flag stand near the Nandi was set up in 1155.
There are a number of stone inscriptions in the temple. The most important of them are those Veerapandiyan who regained about 950 and those of Rajendran I and Kulothunga Chola I. The inscriptions of Maravarma Sundara Pandiyan refer to the Lord as "Woodayar" and "Wodeyanayanar" and the Goddess as "Nachiar". From the inscriptions of Kulasekkara Pandiyan we learn that he defeated the Chera , Chola and Hoysala kings and built the outer walls of the temple with the war booty.
The temple tank
Nellaiappar temple is spread over 14 acres.The gopuram of this temple is 850 feet long and 756 feet wide. Sangili Mandapam built on 1647 by vadamalaiyappa pillayan connects the Ganthimathi Amman and Nellaiyappar temples.
Thirunelveli also is one of the five places where Lord
RELIGIOUS IMPORTANCE AND FESTIVALS
Navaratri, Tirukkalyanam in Aippasi, (Oct 15 - Nov 15) and Arudra
Darisanam are some of the important festivals here. Arudra Darisanam
attracts huge crowds here. The temple chariot is a massive one, second
supposedly only to Tiruvarur. The Bhrammotsavam here lasts for an
extended period of time during the Tamil month of Aani (June 15 - July
15). Also, a golden temple car (First Inaugural run of Nellaiappar
Temple Golden Car is November 2, 2009) will run during important
festivals like Thirukalyanam, Kaarthigai, Aaruthra Festival etc.
Thaipoosam festival in Thai, Lord
The temple priests perform the _puja _ (rituals) during festivals and on a daily basis. The temple rituals are performed three times a day; _Kalasanthi_ at 8:00 a.m., _Uchikalam_ at 12:00 a.m. and _Sayarakshai_ at 6:00 p.m. Each ritual comprises four steps: _abhisheka _ (sacred bath), _alangaram_ (decoration), _naivethanam _ (food offering) and _deepa aradanai_ (waving of lamps) for Nelliappar and Kanthimathi Amman. There are weekly rituals like _somavaram_ (Monday) and _sukravaram_ (Friday), fortnightly rituals like _pradosham _, and monthly festivals like _amavasai _ (new moon day), _kiruthigai_, _pournami _ (full moon day) and _sathurthi_. The Thayar Aaratu festival during the Tamil month of _Thai_ (January - February) is the most important festivals of the temple.
PANCHA SABHAI STHALANGAL
The temples where Lord
CATEGORY TEMPLE LOCATION ELEMENT
Porchabai Natarajar Temple Chidambaram Gold
Chithirachabai Kutralanathar Temple Thirukutralam Art
Tirugnana Sambandar and Appar , the 7th-century Tamil _Saivite_ poet Nayanmars , venerated Nelliappar in ten verses in _ Tevaram _, compiled as the _First Tirumurai _. Sundarar , an 8th-century nayanmar, also venerated Idaiyatreeswarar in ten verses in _Tevaram_, compiled as the _Fifth Tirumurai_. As the temple is revered in _Tevaram_, it is classified as _ Paadal Petra Sthalam _, one of the 276 temples that find mention in the Saiva canon. Muthuswami Dikshitar composed one song (Sri Kantimatim) on this temple goddess Kanthimathi Amman.This song is considered to be a rare song set in the rare raga.
* ^ Temple guide published by
_ Wikimedia Commons has media related to NELLAIAPPAR TEMPLE _.
* Nellaiappar Temple