Swami Nellaiappar Temple (ஸ்வாமி நெல்லையப்பர் திருக்கோயில்)
STATE Tamil Nadu
Anavaratha DhanaNatha Sundara Thiyaharasar Sri Kanthimathi
DIRECTION AND POSTURE East
TEMPLE TANK SwarnaPadma Pushkarani
SHRINE Kailasa Sikaram
POETS St.Gnanasambandar, St.Appar, St. Sundarar
APPEARED FOR Sakala Karya Sithi
IMPORTANT FESTIVALS Aani Brahmostavam, Aadi Pooram l, Avani Moola Utsavam, Puratasi Golu Darbar, Iypasi Thirukalyanam, Iypasi Visu, Kandha Shasti, Karthigai Thiruvananthal, Margazhi Thiruvathirai, Thai Poosam Theerthavari, Thai Amavasya, Masi Sivarathri, Panguni Uthram, Chitirai Pournami Theerthavari, Vasanthosthavam, Vaikasi Sheerabhishegam, Koratham, Visagam.
ARCHITECTURAL STYLES Dravidian architecture
HISTORY AND GOVERNANCE
DATE BUILT 700 AD
CREATOR Early Pandyas
SWAMI NELLAIAPPAR TEMPLE (ஸ்வாமி
திருக்கோயில்) is a
The temple complex covers an area of Fourteen and a half acres and all its shrines are enclosed with concentric rectangular walls. The temple has a number of shrines, with those of Swamy Nelliappar and his consort Sri Kanthimathi Ambal being the most prominent.
The temple has three six rituals at various times from 6:00 a.m. to 9:00 p.m., and six yearly festivals on its calendar. Brahmotsavam festival during the Tamil month of Aani (June–July) is the most prominent festival celebrated in the temple.
The original complex is believed to have been built by Pandyas , while the present masonry structure was added by Cholas, Pallavas, Cheras, Nayaks Madurai Nayaks . In modern times, the temple is maintained and administered by the Hindu Religious and Charitable Endowments Department of the Government of Tamil Nadu .
* 1 History * 2 Architecture * 3 Thaamira Ambalam * 4 Religious importance and festivals * 5 Pancha Sabhai Sthalangal * 6 Literary mention * 7 References * 8 External links
According to the puranas , both the Gopurams were built by Pandyas and the sanctums of the temple were constructed by Nindraseer Nedumaran who reigned in the 7th century. The mani mandapam with its famous musical pillar was built by Later Pandyas in the 7th century. Originally the Nellaiappar and Kanthimathi temples were two independent structures with spaces in between. It was in 1647 that Thiru Vadamalaiappa Pillaiyan, a great devotee of Siva linked the two temples by building the "Chain mandapam" (In Tamil Sangili Mandapam). To the western portion of the chain mandapam is the flower garden that was set up in 1756 by Thiruvengadakrishna Mudaliar. In the centre of the Flower Garden is a square vasantha mandapam with 100 pillars. The Nandi mandapam is said to have been built by Sivanthiappa Nayak in 1654. The flag stand near the Nandi was set up in 1155.
There are a number of stone inscriptions in the temple. The most important of them are those Veerapandiyan who regained about 950 and those of Rajendran I and Kulothunga Chola I. The inscriptions of Maravarma Sundara Pandiyan refer to the Lord as "Woodayar" and "Wodeyanayanar" and the Goddess as "Nachiar". From the inscriptions of Kulasekkara Pandiyan we learn that he defeated the Chera , Chola and Hoysala kings and built the outer walls of the temple with the war booty.
The temple tank
Nellaiappar temple is spread over 14 acres.The gopuram of this temple
is 850 feet long and 756 feet wide. Sangili Mandapam built on 1647 by
vadamalaiyappa pillayan connects the Ganthimathi Amman and
Nellaiyappar temples. The composite columns of
Tirunelveli also is one of the five places where Lord
RELIGIOUS IMPORTANCE AND FESTIVALS
Navaratri, Tirukkalyanam in Aippasi, (Oct 15 - Nov 15) and Arudra
Darisanam are some of the important festivals here. Arudra Darisanam
attracts huge crowds here. The temple chariot is a massive one, second
supposedly only to Tiruvarur. The Bhrammotsavam here lasts for an
extended period of time during the Tamil month of Aani (June 15 - July
15). Also, a golden temple car (First Inaugural run of Nellaiappar
Temple Golden Car is November 2, 2009) will run during important
festivals like Thirukalyanam, Kaarthigai, Aaruthra Festival etc.
The temple priests perform the puja (rituals) during festivals and on a daily basis. The temple rituals are performed Six times a day; Thiruvananthal at 5.15 a.m Ushatkalapooja at 6.00a.m Sirukalasanthi at 7.00a.m Kalasanthi at 8:00 a.m., Uchikalam at 12:00 a.m. and Sayarakshai at 6:00 p.m. Arthajamam at 8.30 p.m Palliarai at 9.15 p.m Bhairavar Poojai at 9.30 p.m Each ritual comprises four steps: abhisheka (sacred bath), alangaram (decoration), naivethanam (food offering) and deepa aradanai (waving of lamps) for Nelliappar and Kanthimathi Amman. There are weekly rituals like somavaram (Monday) and sukravaram (Friday), fortnightly rituals like pradosham , and monthly festivals like amavasai (new moon day), kiruthigai, pournami (full moon day) and sathurthi. The Thai Aaratu festival during the Tamil month of Thai (January - February) is the most important festivals of the temple.
PANCHA SABHAI STHALANGAL
The temples where Lord
CATEGORY TEMPLE LOCATION ELEMENT