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ELEANOR "NELL" MARY HALL HOPMAN (née HALL; 9 March 1909 – 10 January 1968) was one of the female tennis players that dominated Australian tennis from 1930 through the early 1960s. She was the first wife of Harry Hopman
Harry Hopman
, the coach and captain of 22 Australian Davis Cup teams.

CONTENTS

* 1 Early life * 2 Career

* 3 Grand Slam tournament finals

* 3.1 Singles: 2 (0 titles, 2 runners-up) * 3.2 Doubles: 4 (1 titles, 3 runners-up) * 3.3 Mixed doubles: 6 (4 titles, 2 runners-up)

* 4 Grand Slam singles tournament timeline * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links

EARLY LIFE

Hopman was born on 9 March 1909 at Coogee , Sydney and was the only daughter and second of three children of Charles Ernest Hall, clerk, and Mabel Gertrude, née Tipper. She was educated at Claremont College, Randwick and as a student she excelled at tennis and music. She obtaining her licentiate and teaching diploma at the Royal College of Music , London and received a scholarship in 1928 but instead elected to pursue a tennis career.

CAREER

Hopman teamed with her husband to win four mixed doubles titles at the Australian Championships (1930, 1936, 1937, and 1939). They were mixed doubles finalists at Wimbledon in 1935, losing to Fred Perry
Fred Perry
and Dorothy Round Little
Dorothy Round Little
in three sets.

Hopman was a singles finalist at the Australian Championships in 1939 and 1947. She partnered with Maureen Connolly to win the women's doubles title at the 1954 French Championships . She played in 58 Grand Slam singles events during her career, the last one a first round loss at the 1966 French Championships when she was 57 years old. She played in 27 of the 28 singles events that were held at the Australian Championships from 1930 through 1962, including 25 consecutive events from 1933 through 1962. Her last Grand Slam event was the women's doubles tournament at the 1966 US Championships , where she and Mrs. Arklay Richards lost in the first round.

Hopman was instrumental in Tennis
Tennis
Australia
Australia
's decision to invite the reigning Wimbledon champion, Louise Brough Clapp
Louise Brough Clapp
, and Doris Hart
Doris Hart
to play tournaments in Australia
Australia
in the summer of 1949–1950. She also arranged for Connolly and the American junior title holder Julie Sampson Haywood to play in Australia
Australia
in the summer of 1952–1953. The end result was Tennis
Tennis
Australia's decision to establish a committee to discuss ways and means of improving the "poor standards of Australian women's tennis". Other tennis writers supported Hopman's efforts, accusing Tennis
Tennis
Australia
Australia
of a "parochial attitude to women players". In 1955, Tennis
Tennis
Australia
Australia
finally sent a women's team abroad, under the management of Adrian Quist
Adrian Quist
. In 1961, Hopman took another women's team abroad, consisting of Margaret Court
Margaret Court
, Lesley Turner Bowrey
Lesley Turner Bowrey
, and Mary Carter Reitano . Although the tour was a financial success, Hopman was accused of overworking and underfeeding her players and forcing them to stay in inadequate hotels. As a result, Court refused to participate in the 1962 overseas tour led by Hopman.

Hopman was employed by the United States
United States
Lawn Tennis
Tennis
Association and the Southern California Tennis
Tennis
Association from 1952 through 1954 to be the travelling companion and chaperon of Connolly. In 1962, she persuaded the International Tennis
Tennis
Federation to begin sponsoring the Federation Cup, now known as the Fed Cup
Fed Cup
, an international team event for women similar to the Davis Cup
Davis Cup
for men.

She was awarded the CBE in July 1962.

Hopman became the first life member of Tennis
Tennis
Victoria in 1965 but the following year underwent unsuccessful surgery for a brain tumor and died in January 1968.

GRAND SLAM TOURNAMENT FINALS

SINGLES: 2 (0 TITLES, 2 RUNNERS-UP)

RESULT YEAR CHAMPIONSHIP OPPONENT IN FINAL SCORE IN FINAL

Runner-up 1939 Australian Championships Emily Hood Westacott 1–6, 2–6

Runner-up 1947 Australian Championships Nancye Wynne Bolton
Nancye Wynne Bolton
3–6, 2–6

DOUBLES: 4 (1 TITLES, 3 RUNNERS-UP)

RESULT YEAR CHAMPIONSHIP PARTNER OPPONENT IN FINAL SCORE IN FINAL

Runner-up 1935 Australian Championships Louise Bickerton Evelyn Dearman Nancy Lyle 3–6, 4–6

Runner-up 1937 Australian Championships Emily Hood Westacott Thelma Coyne Long
Thelma Coyne Long
Nancye Wynne Bolton
Nancye Wynne Bolton
2–6, 2–6

Winner 1954 French Championships Maureen Connolly Maude Galtier Suzanne Schmitt 7–5, 4–6, 6–0

Runner-up 1955 Australian Championships Gwen Thiele Mary Bevis Hawton Beryl Penrose 5–7, 1–6

MIXED DOUBLES: 6 (4 TITLES, 2 RUNNERS-UP)

RESULT YEAR CHAMPIONSHIP PARTNER OPPONENT IN FINAL SCORE IN FINAL

Winner 1930 Australian Championships Harry Hopman
Harry Hopman
Marjorie Cox Crawford Jack Crawford 11–9, 3–6, 6–3

Runner-up 1935 Wimbledon Championships Harry Hopman
Harry Hopman
Dorothy Round Little
Dorothy Round Little
Fred Perry
Fred Perry
5–7, 6–4, 2–6

Winner 1936 Australian Championships Harry Hopman
Harry Hopman
May Blick Abe Kay 6–2, 6–0

Winner 1937 Australian Championships Harry Hopman
Harry Hopman
Dorothy Stevenson Don Turnbull 3–6, 6–3, 6–2

Winner 1939 Australian Championships Harry Hopman
Harry Hopman
Margaret Wilson
Margaret Wilson
John Bromwich
John Bromwich
6–8, 6–2, 6–3

Runner-up 1940 Australian Championships Harry Hopman
Harry Hopman
Nancye Wynne Bolton
Nancye Wynne Bolton
Colin Long 5–7, 6–2, 4–6

GRAND SLAM SINGLES TOURNAMENT TIMELINE

KEY W F SF QF #R RR Q# A NH

(W) Won; (F) finalist; (SF) semifinalist; (QF) quarterfinalist; (#R) rounds 4, 3, 2, 1; (RR) round-robin stage; (Q#) qualification round; (A) absent; (NH) not held.

TOURNAMENT 1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939 1940 1941–44 1945 19461 19471 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963–65 1966 CAREER SR

Australian Championships 1R 1R A QF QF SF QF 2R SF F SF NH NH QF F QF 2R QF QF 2R 2R QF QF 2R 2R 1R 2R 1R 2R 2R A A 0 / 27

French Championships A A A A 1R 2R A A 3R A NH R A A A A A A A 1R 1R 1R 2R 1R A A 1R A 1R 2R A 1R 0 / 12

Wimbledon A A A A 3R 2R A A 1R A NH NH NH A 4R A A A A 3R 3R 1R 2R 2R A A 2R A 1R A A A 0 / 11

US Championships A A A A A A A A 3R A A A A A 2R A A A A A 2R 2R 2R 1R A A 2R A A 2R A A 0 / 8

SR 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 0 0 / 1 0 / 3 0 / 3 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 4 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 0 0 / 0 0 / 1 0 / 3 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 3 0 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 4 0 / 1 0 / 3 0 / 3 0 / 0 0 / 1 0 / 58

R = tournament restricted to French nationals and held under German occupation .

SR = the ratio of the number of Grand Slam singles tournaments won to the number of those tournaments played.

1In 1946 and 1947, the French Championships were held after Wimbledon.

SEE ALSO

* Performance timelines for all female tennis players who reached at least one Grand Slam final

REFERENCES

* ^ "Hopman, Eleanor (1909 - 1968)". The Australian Women's Register. * ^ A B C " Australian Open
Australian Open
players archive – Nell Hopman". Tennis Australia. * ^ "Wimbledon draws archive – 1935 Mixed Doubles". AELTC. * ^ "Death of Mrs Nell Hopman.". The Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1995) . ACT: National Library of Australia. 11 January 1968. p. 24. * ^ "News in Brief Australians Honoured.". The Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1995) . ACT: National Library of Australia. 19 July 1962. p. 3. * ^ "Nell Hopman Dies at 57". The Sydney Mornin