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(i) (i) (i)

Decisive Filipino victory

* Surrender of Spanish troops; establishment of Republic of Negros

BELLIGERENTS

Katipunan

* Negrense Revolutionaries

Spanish Empire

* Guardia Civil

COMMANDERS AND LEADERS

Aniceto Lacson Juan Araneta Isidro de Castro Maximiano Correa

CASUALTIES AND LOSSES

unknown unknown

* v * t * e

Philippine Revolution

LUZON

* Pugad Lawin * 1st Manila * Laguna * Bulacan * Tarlac * Pasong Tamo * San Juan del Monte * Morong * San Rafael * Camarines * Motin de Manila * Bataan * Agdangan * Pasong Kalabaw * Noveleta

* Kawit – Nueva Ecija * Bacoor * Calero Bridge * Imus * San Francisco de Malabon * Lipa * Talisay * Batangas * Binakayan and Dalahican * Nasugbu * Balayan * Lian * Pateros * Kakarong de Sili * Naik * Zapote * Silang * Perez Dasmariñas * Montalban * Mount Purog * Pampanga * Aliaga * Paombong * Biak-na-Bato * Camalig * Dagupan * Vigan * Ilocos Norte "> Aniceto Lacson

Aniceto Lacson rode to Silay town. A committee headed by Lacson and acting for the province included Gólez, Leandro Locsin and Melecio Severino assembled and decided to begin the revolt on November 5. They then advised Juan Araneta of their decision to begin their revolution on the said day.

NOVEMBER 4

Juan Araneta , from one of his haciendas in Ma-ao, advised all the southern mayors to begin the revolt the following day. In the afternoon, a woman from Kabankalan Norte (the present-day barrio of Eustaquio López) in Silay told priest Tomás Cornago of the impending revolt, even though the planning for the same was held secretly. He inquired of his friend, Doroteo Quillama, _cabeza_ of the barrio, seeking to verify the report. The _cabeza_ claimed no knowledge of the revolt. That same afternoon, groups of armed men passed the _haciendas_ of Silay, and proceeded towards the town. The _guardia civil_ in Silay were, however, unable to report this to Bacolod; the rebels had cut the telegraph lines in Talisay the day before.

NOVEMBER 5

The revolt began in central and northern Negros in the morning and by the afternoon had spread to other towns such as San Miguel and Cadiz . In Silay, Lt. Maximiano Correa, commanding the Spanish garrison, had ten Spanish _cazadores_ (literally, "hunters") and seven Filipino civil guards. They were entrenched inside the municipal building, but surrendered without a fight when they realized that the townspeople were determined to burn the building to the ground should there be resistance. The Silay parish priest, Eulogio Saez, a businessman named Juan Viaplana, and José Ledesma persuaded the Spanish forces to lay down their arms, but in order to save face, the lieutenant had it appear in the official records that the capitulation was the result of a bloody battle with "dead and wounded littered all over the field of battle". Ten Mauser
Mauser
and seven Remington rifles were surrendered by the garrison. Later, a flag similar to the design of the Filipino flag embroidered by Olympia Severino, Perpetua Severino and Eutropia Yorac was hoisted by the victorious townspeople.

In Bacolod, the governor of the province, Isidro de Castro, sent a force of 25 _cazadores_ and 16 civil guards to engage a swarm of rebels seen camping near the Matab-ang River. After a brief skirmish, they withdrew, leaving two of their number dead. The governor decided to make a stand in the Bacolod Convent (presently the Bishop's Palace, the rectory of the San Sebastian Cathedral ), where hundreds of Spanish families had taken refuge. They waited for the attack, but it did not come.

NOVEMBER 6

_ The last page of the Acta de Capitulación_ (Surrender Document ). Historical marker commemorating the surrender of Spanish forces in Bacolod in 1898. Installed at the Fountain of Justice in 2007.

In the morning, the rebels advanced upon Bacolod. Lacson and Gólez approached from the north, crossing the Mandalagan River. Araneta with a thousand _bolo_-men took positions at the Lupit River in the south-east of Bacolod. The wily revolutionaries augmented their lightly armed forces with "cannon" made of bamboo and rolled _amakan_, and "rifles" carved out of wood and coconut fronds. The bluff worked; de Castro was persuaded that it was useless to defend the capital.

José Ruiz de Luzuriaga, a rich businessman who was deemed acceptable to both rebels and Spanish authorities was sent to mediate. At noon, a delegation from each of the major belligerents met at the house of Luzuriaga. The rebel delegation included Lacson, Araneta, Gólez, Locsín, Simeón Lizares, Julio Díaz, and José Montilla. In an hour, it was agreed by both sides that "Spanish troops both European and native surrendered the town and its defenses unconditionally, turning over arms and communication" and that "public funds would be turned over to the new government".

November 6, 1898, therefore, is the day that the revolution in Negros concluded. :476

The Spanish signatories of the surrender document included Isidro de Castro, Braulio Sanz, Manuel Abenza, Ramón Armada, Emilio Monasterio and Domingo Ureta. Those who signed for the Negros revolutionary forces were Aniceto Lacson, Juan Araneta, Leandro Locsin, Simeón Lizares, Julio Díaz, and José Montilla.

Forty-seven eminent Negrenses formulated and ratified a constitution to create a new republic. Signatories included among others Aniceto Lacson, Juan Araneta, Simeón Lizares, Antonio L. Jayme , Eusebio Luzuriaga, Nicolas Gólez, Agustín Amenabar, Rafael Ramos and Rosendo Lacson.

COMMEMORATION

* The _Cinco de Noviembre_ Memorial in Silay City includes an authentic Spanish colonial-era cannon donated by Claudio G. Akol, Jr. * November 5 was declared by President Corazon Aquino as a special non-working holiday in the province through Republic Act No. 6709 signed on February 10, 1989.

SEE ALSO

* Antonio Ledesma Jayme * Bacolod City
Bacolod City
* Dios Buhawi * Papa Isio * Philippine Revolution

NOTES AND REFERENCES

* ^ Calma, Ma. Cecilia C. and Concepcion, Diana R.: _The Revolution in Negros._, Raison D'Etre, University of Negros Occidental-Recoletos Research Planning and Development Office, Bacolod City, 1998 * ^ Sa-onoy, Modesto P. : _ Negros Occidental History._, Today Printers and Publishers, Bacolod City, 1992 * ^ Cuesta, Angel Matinez, OAR: _History of Negros._, Historical Conservation Society, Manila, 1980 * ^ _A_ _B_ Sa-onoy, Modesto P. , _Parroquia de San Diego_, Today Printers and Publishers, Bacolod City
Bacolod City
, Philippines
Philippines
, pp. 49-50 * ^ Foreman, J., 1906, The Philippine Islands, A Political, Geographical, Ethnographical, Social and Commercial History of the Philippine Archipelago, New York: Charles Scribner's Sons * ^ _A_ _B_ "Zamboanga: The Greatest Republic in History (Part 10): The Uprising in Negros". Zamboanga Today Online. 2005-08-09. Retrieved 2009-10-23. * ^ Jose Paolo Ariola (November 7, 2006). "El cañon de Cinco de Noviembre". SunStar Philippines. Retrieved 2006-11-18. * ^ " Negros Occidental to commemorate Al Cinco de Noviembre". Sun.Star Bacolod. 2006-11-03. Retrieved 2009-10-12.

* v * t * e

Philippine Revolution

* Battles * People

EVENTS

PRELUDE

* Novales Revolt * Palmero Conspiracy * Gomburza

CONCURRENT

* Cry of Pugad Lawin * Bonifacio Plan * _Katagalugan_ (Bonifacio) * Imus Assembly * Tejeros Convention

* Republic of Biak-na-Bato

* Elections * Pact

* Spanish–American War * Declaration of Independence * Malolos Congress * _República Filipina_ * Negros Revolution * Republic of Negros * Republic of Zamboanga

EPILOGUE

* Treaty of Paris * Philippine–American War * _Katagalugan_ (Sacay) * Moro Rebellion * Philippine Autonomy Act of 1916 * Commonwealth of the Philippines
Philippines
* Treaty of Manila

ORGANIZATIONS

* American Anti-Imperialist League * Aglipayan Church * _ Katipunan _ * _ La Liga Filipina _ * _Magdalo_ faction * _Magdiwang_ faction * Philippine Constabulary * Philippine Revolutionary Army * _Pulajanes_ * _ Propaganda Movement _

DOCUMENTS

* _ El filibusterismo _ * _Kartilya ng Katipunan _ * _La Solidaridad _ * Malolos Constitution * _ Mi último adiós _ * _Noli Me Tángere _

SYMBOLS

* Flags of the Philippine Revolution * Flag of the Philippines
Philippines
* _ Lupang Hinirang _ * _ Spoliarium _

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