Decisive Filipino victory
* Surrender of Spanish troops; establishment of
Republic of Negros
* Negrense Revolutionaries
* Guardia Civil
COMMANDERS AND LEADERS
CASUALTIES AND LOSSES
* v * t * e
* Pugad Lawin * 1st Manila * Laguna * Bulacan * Tarlac * Pasong Tamo * San Juan del Monte * Morong * San Rafael * Camarines * Motin de Manila * Bataan * Agdangan * Pasong Kalabaw * Noveleta
* Kawit –
Nueva Ecija * Bacoor
* Calero Bridge
* San Francisco de Malabon
* Binakayan and Dalahican
* Kakarong de Sili
* Perez Dasmariñas
* Mount Purog
* Ilocos Norte ">
Juan Araneta , from one of his haciendas in Ma-ao, advised all the
southern mayors to begin the revolt the following day. In the
afternoon, a woman from Kabankalan Norte (the present-day barrio of
Eustaquio López) in
The revolt began in central and northern Negros in the morning and by
the afternoon had spread to other towns such as San Miguel and Cadiz .
In Silay, Lt. Maximiano Correa, commanding the Spanish garrison, had
ten Spanish cazadores (literally, "hunters") and seven Filipino civil
guards. They were entrenched inside the municipal building, but
surrendered without a fight when they realized that the townspeople
were determined to burn the building to the ground should there be
In Bacolod, the governor of the province, Isidro de Castro, sent a
force of 25 cazadores and 16 civil guards to engage a swarm of rebels
seen camping near the Matab-ang River. After a brief skirmish, they
withdrew, leaving two of their number dead. The governor decided to
make a stand in the Bacolod Convent (presently the Bishop's Palace,
the rectory of the
San Sebastian Cathedral
The last page of the Acta de Capitulación (Surrender Document ). Historical marker commemorating the surrender of Spanish forces in Bacolod in 1898. Installed at the Fountain of Justice in 2007.
In the morning, the rebels advanced upon Bacolod. Lacson and Gólez approached from the north, crossing the Mandalagan River. Araneta with a thousand bolo-men took positions at the Lupit River in the south-east of Bacolod. The wily revolutionaries augmented their lightly armed forces with "cannon" made of bamboo and rolled amakan, and "rifles" carved out of wood and coconut fronds. The bluff worked; de Castro was persuaded that it was useless to defend the capital.
José Ruiz de Luzuriaga, a rich businessman who was deemed acceptable to both rebels and Spanish authorities was sent to mediate. At noon, a delegation from each of the major belligerents met at the house of Luzuriaga. The rebel delegation included Lacson, Araneta, Gólez, Locsín, Simeón Lizares, Julio Díaz, and José Montilla. In an hour, it was agreed by both sides that "Spanish troops both European and native surrendered the town and its defenses unconditionally, turning over arms and communication" and that "public funds would be turned over to the new government".
November 6, 1898, therefore, is the day that the revolution in Negros concluded. :476
The Spanish signatories of the surrender document included Isidro de Castro, Braulio Sanz, Manuel Abenza, Ramón Armada, Emilio Monasterio and Domingo Ureta. Those who signed for the Negros revolutionary forces were Aniceto Lacson, Juan Araneta, Leandro Locsin, Simeón Lizares, Julio Díaz, and José Montilla.
Forty-seven eminent Negrenses formulated and ratified a constitution to create a new republic. Signatories included among others Aniceto Lacson, Juan Araneta, Simeón Lizares, Antonio L. Jayme , Eusebio Luzuriaga, Nicolas Gólez, Agustín Amenabar, Rafael Ramos and Rosendo Lacson.
* The Cinco de Noviembre Memorial in
Silay City includes an
authentic Spanish colonial-era cannon donated by Claudio G. Akol, Jr.
* November 5 was declared by President
NOTES AND REFERENCES
* ^ Calma, Ma. Cecilia C. and Concepcion, Diana R.: The Revolution
in Negros., Raison D'Etre, University of Negros Occidental-Recoletos
Research Planning and Development Office, Bacolod City, 1998
* ^ Sa-onoy, Modesto P. :
* v * t * e
* Battles * People
* Elections * Pact
* Treaty of Paris
American Anti-Imperialist League
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