NEGROLAND or NIGRITIA, was an archaic term in European mapping ,
describing the inland and poorly explored region in
West Africa as an
area populated with
This area comprised at least the western part of the region called
Sudan (not to be confused with the modern country ). The term is
probably a direct translation of the Arabic term Bilad al-Sudan
meaning "Land of the Blacks ", corresponding to about the same area.
There were various kinds of people in the area, including the Jews of
Sudan . Some of the greatest states of those considered part
Negroland were the
Bornu Empire and the
Sokoto Caliphate .
"Negroland" represented the area between the region of
Guinea and the
"Zaara Desart", the
Sahara Desert . "Guinea", not to be confused with
the modern country , then referred to the south-facing coast of West
Africa and the land stretching upriver from there.
Herman Moll 's 1727
map labels these "
Grain Coast ", "
Slave Coast ", and "Gold Coast ".
"Negroland" was the territory to the north of this, along the
east–west axis of the
Niger River , and the west-facing coast.
Moll's map labels Gambia, Senegal, Mandinga, and many other
In 1823, approximately the same area was described as "Nigritia" on
an American map published by
Fielding Lucas, Jr. .
* Encyclopædia Britannica 10th Edition (1902) Online - States of
* ^ African-Institute - Sudan
* ^ Lucas, Fielding. "A General Atlas Containing Distinct Maps Of
all the Known Countries in the World, Constructed from the Latest
Authority. Written and Engraved by Jos. Perkins, Philadelphia.
Baltimore". Fielding Lucas, Jun. No. 138, Market Street. Baltimore.
Entered ... by F. Lucas Jr. of the State of Maryland June 3, 1823.
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