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The Info List - Negroland



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(i)

NEGROLAND or NIGRITIA, was an archaic term in European mapping , describing the inland and poorly explored region in West Africa
West Africa
as an area populated with Negro
Negro
people.

This area comprised at least the western part of the region called Sudan
Sudan
(not to be confused with the modern country ). The term is probably a direct translation of the Arabic term Bilad al-Sudan meaning "Land of the Blacks ", corresponding to about the same area. There were various kinds of people in the area, including the Jews of Bilad el- Sudan
Sudan
. Some of the greatest states of those considered part of Negroland
Negroland
were the Bornu Empire
Bornu Empire
and the Sokoto Caliphate
Sokoto Caliphate
.

"Negroland" represented the area between the region of Guinea
Guinea
and the "Zaara Desart", the Sahara Desert . "Guinea", not to be confused with the modern country , then referred to the south-facing coast of West Africa and the land stretching upriver from there. Herman Moll 's 1727 map labels these " Grain Coast ", " Slave Coast
Slave Coast
", and "Gold Coast ". "Negroland" was the territory to the north of this, along the east–west axis of the Niger River , and the west-facing coast. Moll's map labels Gambia, Senegal, Mandinga, and many other territories.

In 1823, approximately the same area was described as "Nigritia" on an American map published by Fielding Lucas, Jr. .

SOURCES

* Encyclopædia Britannica 10th Edition (1902) Online - States of Central Africa

REFERENCES

* ^ African-Institute - Sudan * ^ Lucas, Fielding. "A General Atlas Containing Distinct Maps Of all the Known C