The Info List - Negated AND Gate

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In digital electronics , a NAND GATE (NEGATIVE-AND) is a logic gate which produces an output which is false only if all its inputs are true; thus its output is complement to that of the AND gate . A LOW (0) output results only if both the inputs to the gate are HIGH (1); if one or both inputs are LOW (0), a HIGH (1) output results. It is made using transistors and junction diodes. By De Morgan\'s theorem , AB=A+B, and thus a N AND gate is equivalent to inverters followed by an OR gate .

The N AND gate is significant because any boolean function can be implemented by using a combination of NAND gates. This property is called functional completeness . It shares this property with the NOR gate .

Digital systems employing certain logic circuits take advantage of NAND's functional completeness.

The function NAND(a1, a2, ..., an) is logically equivalent to NOT(a1 AND a2 AND ... AND an).


* 1 Symbols * 2 Hardware description and pinout

* 3 Implementations

* 3.1 Alternatives

* 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links


There are three symbols for NAND gates: the MIL/ ANSI symbol, the IEC symbol and the deprecated DIN symbol sometimes found on old schematics. For more information see logic gate symbols . The ANSI symbol for the N AND gate is a standard AND gate with an inversion bubble connected.

MIL/ ANSI Symbol IEC Symbol DIN Symbol


NAND gates are basic logic gates, and as such they are recognised in TTL and CMOS ICs . This schematic diagram shows the arrangement of NAND gates within a standard 4011 CMOS integrated circuit.


The N AND gate has the property of functional completeness . That is, any other logic function (AND, OR, etc.) can be implemented using only NAND gates. An entire processor can be created using NAND gates alone. In TTL ICs using multiple-emitter transistors , it also requires fewer transistors than a NOR gate.

NMOS N AND gate PMOS N AND gate CMOS N AND gate TTL N AND gate The physical layout of a CMOS NAND Die of a 74AHC00D quad 2-input N AND gate manufactured by NXP Semiconductors


If no specific NAND gates are available, one can be made from NOR gates, because NAND and NOR gates are considered the "universal gates", meaning that they can be used to make all the other gates.



* AND gate * OR gate * NOT gate * N OR gate * X OR gate * XN OR gate * Boolean algebra * Logic gate * NAND logic * Digital electronics


* ^ A B Mano, M. Morris and Charles R. Kime. Logic and Computer Design Fundamentals, Third Edition. Prentice Hall, 2004. p. 73. Cite error: Invalid tag; name "Mano" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page