NED LUDD, possibly born EDWARD LUDLAM, is the person from whom, it
is popularly claimed, the Luddites took their name.
In 1779, Ludd is supposed to have broken two stocking frames in a fit
of rage. After this incident, attacks on the frames were jokingly
blamed on Ludd. When the "Luddites" emerged in the 1810s, his identity
was appropriated to become the folkloric character of Captain Ludd,
also known as King Ludd or General Ludd, the Luddites' alleged leader
* 1 History
* 2 In popular culture
* 2.1 Music
* 2.2 Literature
* 2.3 Television
* 2.4 Games
* 3 See also
* 4 Notes
Supposedly, Ludd was a weaver from Anstey , near
Leicester , England
. In 1779, either after being whipped for idleness, or after being
taunted by local youths, he smashed two knitting frames in what was
described as a "fit of passion". This story is traceable to an
article in The Nottingham Review on 20 December 1811, but there is no
independent evidence of its truth. John Blackner's book History of
Nottingham, also published in 1811, provides a variant tale, of a lad
called "Ludnam" who was told by his father, a framework-knitter, to
"square his needles". Ludnam took a hammer and "beat them into a
heap". News of the incident spread, and whenever frames were
sabotaged, people would jokingly say "
Ned Ludd did it".
By 1812, organised frame-breakers became known as Luddites, using the
name King Ludd or Captain Ludd for their mythical leader. Letters and
proclamations were signed by "Ned Ludd".
IN POPULAR CULTURE
* The character of
Ned Ludd is commemorated in the folk ballad
"General Ludd's Triumph."
Chumbawamba recorded a version of this song
on their 2003 release,
English Rebel Songs 1381–1984
English Rebel Songs 1381–1984 .
Robert Calvert wrote and recorded another song "Ned Ludd," which
appeared on his 1985 album Freq; which includes the lyrics:
Ned Ludd was an idiot boy
That all he could do was wreck and destroy, and
He turned to his workmates and said: Death to Machines
They tread on our future and they stamp on our dreams.
Steeleye Span 's 2006 album
Bloody Men has a five-part section on
the subject of Ned Ludd.
Heaven Shall Burn
Heaven Shall Burn song "The Final March" has a direct
reference to Captain Ludd.
The Gourds affectionately refer to
Ned Ludd as
"Uncle Ned" in the song "
Luddite Juice" off their 2009 release,
* The Scottish folk musician Alasdair Roberts sings of
Ned Ludd in
his song "Ned Ludd's Rant (For World Rebarbarised)" on his 2009 album,
* San Diego punk band
The Night Marchers included a song called "Ned
Lud" on their 2013 release "Allez, Allez."
* "King Ludd" is the 10th track on the 2013 release entitled "Till
The Days Return" from Lafayette, Indiana's "Traveling, Broke and Out
* The opening track on the album "All Hands that are Ready" by Seize
The Day is Nedd Ludd.
* There is a symbolic reference in the lyrics of "The Final March "
by Heaven shall Burn to Captain Ludd
Edmund Cooper 's alternative-history The Cloud Walker is set in a
world where the
Luddite ethos has given rise to a religious hierarchy
which dominates English society and sets carefully prescribed limits
on technology. A hammer – the tool supposedly used by
Ned Ludd –
is a religious symbol, and
Ned Ludd is seen as a divine, messianic
* The novel
The Monkey Wrench Gang (1975), by
Edward Abbey , is
dedicated to Ned Ludd.
* Anne Finger wrote a collection of short stories titled Call Me
Ahab about famous disabled historical and literary figures, which
included the story "Our Ned" about Ned Ludd.
* Ecodefense: A Field Guide To Monkeywrenching was published by Ned
Ludd Books. Much of the content came from the "Dear Ned Ludd" column
in the newsletter of the group
Earth First! .
* In the comic book series
Superman Unchained , a terrorist group
called Ascension that opposes modern technology uses the image of Ludd
in their broadcasts.
* The Luddites were the inspiration for the play The Machine
Breakers (Die Maschinenstürmer) by the German playwright Ernst Toller
* In NBC's The Blacklist , episode 8 of season 1 , an activist
network that plans an attack on the US financial system is led by a
man who calls himself General Ludd.
* In Sarah Northway's Rebuild: Gangs of Deadsville one of the
factions is a group called The Luddies led by a man dubbed King Ludd
Owen. The group is described as "part hippie, part luddite" and is an
obvious reference to
Ned Ludd and his luddites.
* ^ Palmer, Roy (1998) The Sound of History: Songs and Social
Oxford University Press
Oxford University Press , ISBN 978-0-19-215890-1 , p. 103
* ^ Chambers, Robert (2004) Book of Days: A Miscellany of Popular
Antiquities in Connection with the Calendar, Part 1, Kessinger, ISBN
978-0-7661-8338-4 , p. 357
* ^ Hammond, J.L.; Hammond, Barbara (1919), The Skilled Labourer
1760-1832 (pdf), London: Longmans, Green and co., p. 259
* ^ Chase, Alston (2001) In a Dark Wood, Transaction Publishers,
ISBN 978-0-7658-0752-6 , p. 41
* ^ A B C Alsen, Eberhard (2000) New Romanticism: American Fiction,
Routledge, ISBN 978-0-8153-3548-1 , p. 43
* ^ A B George Gordon Lord Byron (2002) The Works of Lord Byron.
Letters and Journals, Adamant Media Corporation, ISBN
978-1-4021-7225-0 , p. 97
* ^ Traill, Henry Duff & Mann, James Saumarez (1902) Social