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(i)

NED LUDD, possibly born EDWARD LUDLAM, is the person from whom, it is popularly claimed, the Luddites took their name.

In 1779, Ludd is supposed to have broken two stocking frames in a fit of rage. After this incident, attacks on the frames were jokingly blamed on Ludd. When the "Luddites" emerged in the 1810s, his identity was appropriated to become the folkloric character of Captain Ludd, also known as King Ludd or General Ludd, the Luddites' alleged leader and founder.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 2 In popular culture

* 2.1 Music * 2.2 Literature * 2.3 Television * 2.4 Games

* 3 See also * 4 Notes

HISTORY

Supposedly, Ludd was a weaver from Anstey , near Leicester , England . In 1779, either after being whipped for idleness, or after being taunted by local youths, he smashed two knitting frames in what was described as a "fit of passion". This story is traceable to an article in The Nottingham Review on 20 December 1811, but there is no independent evidence of its truth. John Blackner's book History of Nottingham, also published in 1811, provides a variant tale, of a lad called "Ludnam" who was told by his father, a framework-knitter, to "square his needles". Ludnam took a hammer and "beat them into a heap". News of the incident spread, and whenever frames were sabotaged, people would jokingly say " Ned Ludd
Ned Ludd
did it".

By 1812, organised frame-breakers became known as Luddites, using the name King Ludd or Captain Ludd for their mythical leader. Letters and proclamations were signed by "Ned Ludd".

IN POPULAR CULTURE

MUSIC

* The character of Ned Ludd
Ned Ludd
is commemorated in the folk ballad "General Ludd's Triumph." Chumbawamba
Chumbawamba
recorded a version of this song on their 2003 release, English Rebel Songs 1381–1984 . * Robert Calvert wrote and recorded another song "Ned Ludd," which appeared on his 1985 album Freq; which includes the lyrics:

They said Ned Ludd
Ned Ludd
was an idiot boy That all he could do was wreck and destroy, and He turned to his workmates and said: Death to Machines They tread on our future and they stamp on our dreams.

* Steeleye Span
Steeleye Span
's 2006 album Bloody Men has a five-part section on the subject of Ned Ludd. * The Heaven Shall Burn song "The Final March" has a direct reference to Captain Ludd. * Alt-country
Alt-country
band The Gourds affectionately refer to Ned Ludd
Ned Ludd
as "Uncle Ned" in the song " Luddite
Luddite
Juice" off their 2009 release, Haymaker. * The Scottish folk musician Alasdair Roberts sings of Ned Ludd
Ned Ludd
in his song "Ned Ludd's Rant (For World Rebarbarised)" on his 2009 album, Spoils. * San Diego punk band The Night Marchers
The Night Marchers
included a song called "Ned Lud" on their 2013 release "Allez, Allez." * "King Ludd" is the 10th track on the 2013 release entitled "Till The Days Return" from Lafayette, Indiana's "Traveling, Broke and Out of Gas." * The opening track on the album "All Hands that are Ready" by Seize The Day is Nedd Ludd. * There is a symbolic reference in the lyrics of "The Final March " by Heaven shall Burn to Captain Ludd

LITERATURE

* Edmund Cooper 's alternative-history The Cloud Walker is set in a world where the Luddite
Luddite
ethos has given rise to a religious hierarchy which dominates English society and sets carefully prescribed limits on technology. A hammer