Necessary Roughness is a 1991 American sport comedy film directed by Stan Dragoti, his final film. The film stars Scott Bakula, Héctor Elizondo, Robert Loggia, and Harley Jane Kozak. Co-stars include Larry Miller, Sinbad, Jason Bateman, Kathy Ireland, Rob Schneider, and Fred Thompson.

The film touches on an up-and-coming season at the fictional higher learning institution of Texas State University and its football team nicknamed the Fightin' Armadillos.[2] (At the time the film was made, there was no Texas State University, but in 2003, Southwest Texas State University changed its name to Texas State University, nicknamed the Bobcats, which coincidentally was the "season opener" opponent of the fictional Texas State Armadillos.)

The once-powerful Armadillos are forced to start the season with a host of new coaches and players after the previous staff and all but one players are banned following a scandal. This predicament is based on the "death penalty" handed out to the Southern Methodist University football team for violations very similar to the ones found at the fictional Texas State.


The Texas State University Fightin' Armadillos were once one of the most powerful teams in college football. After winning consecutive national championships, massive NCAA violations resulted in the program having to forfeit years' worth of victories. All of the players are banned from returning and expelled from college except Charlie Banks, the only "clean" player, who never got to play despite having "heart".

All of the coaches were forced out as well, forcing new head coach Ed "Straight Arrow" Gennero (Elizondo) to build an almost entirely new team with little assistance. No athletic scholarships are available, forcing them to hold tryouts. Along with this, they must worry about Dean Phillip Elias (Miller), who wants the team to fail so he can scrap it. The coaches soon have a makeshift team in place.

Due to Dean Elias declaring many prospective players ineligible, only 17 players are allowed on the team—not enough for separate offensive and defensive squads. The Armadillos are thus forced to play ironman football. The team lacks experience and talent in all areas, especially at quarterback, placekicker, and the defensive line. Assistant coach Wally "Rig" Riggendorf (Loggia) finds Paul Blake (Bakula), a 34-year-old high school star who never attended college due to his father's death. Rig convinces him to enroll and become the Armadillos' quarterback.

Blake arrives on campus and catches everyone's attention due to his age, especially Professor Carter (Kozak). Blake then recruits a graduate student teaching assistant named Andre Krimm (Sinbad), who is also enrolled at the school and still has some eligibility remaining. Blake convinces him to join, and he is positioned on the defensive line, where he excelled years earlier. Even with the new members, the team is unable to win. After an embarrassing Opening Day loss, Coach Riggendorf says, "If this wasn't frigging AstroTurf, I'd dig a grave here for myself." Things get so bad that, at one point during the film, announcer Chuck Neiderman (Schneider) covers his microphone with his hands and screams an obscenity.

Carter tells Blake that she knows him from years earlier. Carter's ex-boyfriend was a high school football star, but Blake and his team humiliated him and his team in a championship game. This episode actually caused Carter to become infatuated with Blake. Now, years after the fact, the two begin a romantic relationship which Dean Elias opposes, due to the fact that Blake is a student and Carter is a teacher—not to mention Elias' own interest in Carter.

Coach Rig makes one more recruiting move to secure a kicker. He shocks everybody by selecting Lucy Draper (Ireland) from the school's women's soccer team. When she is brought on board, the team has its first taste of success, as Draper kicks a field goal in a driving rainstorm to forge a 3–3 tie with Kansas (in real life, Kansas holds the all-time NCAA Division I-A record for number of tie games with 57[3]). After this game, Blake quits the team after arguments with Gennero and Carter, but convinces himself to come back after a teammate, who is also quitting, inadvertently changes his mind and both come back.

With the coaches and players now on the same page, the team plays their last game of the season against the number one ranked team in the country, the University of Texas Colts, with whom the Armadillos were involved in a barroom brawl earlier in the season. They head into the game as huge underdogs, and without Gennero, who is hospitalized just before the game for a potential heart attack, leaving Coach Rig in charge. After a horrible first half, they rally in the second half to cut the deficit to one, and Gennero returns to the sideline, having only suffered from indigestion, though he lets Coach Rig call the final play. The team decides to try to win it all with a two-point conversion. They fake a point after attempt and pass for two. Blake scrambles and finally finds Banks in the end zone to win the game. Dean Elias wanted to get rid of the football program and sees the new players as a joke, but TSU president Purcell fired him when he found out he was trying to get rid of the football program.


The team

The university


The film was shot at various locations in Texas.[4] Azle, Dallas, Fort Worth, and Denton were the primary locations used for filming. The University of North Texas in Denton, specifically Fouts Field, which was then UNT's football stadium, was a major location for filming football and college scenes. Texas State's green and white uniforms in the movie are exactly the same colors worn by North Texas. Texas State's helmet logo, a large "T" flanked by a smaller "s" and "u", is a nod to the Texas A&M Aggies, whose helmet logo is a large "T" flanked by a smaller "a" and "m".

In an unusual coincidence, Southwest Texas State University, the real team that is the fictional Texas State's first opponent in the film, was renamed Texas State University several years after the film was released. Prior to the renaming a "Texas State University" did not exist. The real Texas State's Bobcats (as opposed to the fictional Fighting Armadillos) now compete at the FBS (Div 1) level, the same level as the fictional Texas State.

During one scene, when the team takes part in a scrimmage game with a team of convicts, cameos are made by several NFL players. These players included Jerry Rice, Roger Craig, Earl Campbell, Dick Butkus, Ben Davidson, Tony Dorsett, Ed 'Too Tall' Jones, Herschel Walker, Jim Kelly, and Randy White.[4] The film also has some cameo appearances from Chris Berman and Evander Holyfield.


The film was released on September 27, 1991, and went on to gross over $26 million at the box office.[1] The film earned an approval rating of 31% on Rotten Tomatoes based on 29 reviews. The consensus states: "This likable, goofy football comedy has its moments, but it ultimately adheres too closely to the sports movie playbook to overcome the cliches in the script."[5] The film was released in the United Kingdom on March 27, 1992, and failed to reach the Top 10.[6]

The Los Angeles Times called it "a genial, slight, entirely predictable football comedy".[7] Roger Ebert wrote a more positive review, giving the film three out of four stars. Ebert stated that the film is predictable but does not pretend to be anything more than entertainment.[8]


  1. ^ a b "Necessary Roughness (1991)". Box Office Mojo. 1991-11-12. Retrieved 2012-12-15. 
  2. ^ "Movie/TV helmets". Mghelmets.com. Archived from the original on 2011-07-14. Retrieved 2012-12-15. 
  3. ^ Total Football Stats.com Division I-A All-Time Wins
  4. ^ a b "'Necessary Roughness' includes football stars". The Baltimore Sun. 1991-05-17. Retrieved 2016-01-16. 
  5. ^ "Necessary Roughness (1991)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 2016-01-16. 
  6. ^ "Weekend box office 27th March 1992 - 29th March 1992". www.25thframe.co.uk. Retrieved 19 February 2017. 
  7. ^ Thomas, Kevin (1991-09-27). "MOVIE REVIEWS : Scott Bakula Scores in Slight Football Comedy". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2016-01-16. 
  8. ^ "Necessary Roughness :: rogerebert.com :: Reviews". Rogerebert.suntimes.com. 1991-09-27. Retrieved 2012-12-15. 

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