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The Ndwandwe
Ndwandwe
are a Bantu Nguni-speaking people who populate sections of southern Africa. The Ndwandwe, with the Mthethwa, were a significant power in present-day Zululand at the turn of the nineteenth century. Under the leadership of King Zwide, the Ndwandwe
Ndwandwe
nation destroyed the Mthethwa under their king Dingiswayo, and the power vacuum was filled by Shaka and his then small Zulu tribe. In a common front against the Ndwandwe, Shaka
Shaka
collected the remains of the Mthethwa and other regional tribes, and survived the first encounter of the Zulu Civil War with Zwide at the Battle of Gqokli Hill
Battle of Gqokli Hill
in 1818. In 1819, Zwide made another expedition against the Zulus, but Shaka again changed his tactics, letting the Ndwandwe
Ndwandwe
army penetrate his territory and responding with guerrilla warfare. Shortage of supplies caused the Ndandwe to return home, but when they were crossing the river Mhlatuze in early 1820, their forces were split and defeated at the Battle of Mhlatuze River. This led to the disintegration of the Ndwandwe
Ndwandwe
nation as Zwide's generals and sons led sections of the Ndwandwe
Ndwandwe
northwards. One such group, under Soshangane, formed the Gaza Empire
Gaza Empire
in present-day central Mozambique
Mozambique
while another, under Zwangendaba, established rule as the waNgoni in present-day Malawi. Others established themselves as chiefs of note in Swaziland
Swaziland
and Zambia
Zambia
to create a Ndwandwe
Ndwandwe
legacy of enduring power that is scattered across Southern Africa. They speak Nguni dialects and their nations’ official languages are English in Zambia
Zambia
and Zimbabwe, and Portuguese in Mozambique.

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Other South African Governments

Kingdoms Colonies Boer States Bantustans National

Kingdom of Mapungubwe
Kingdom of Mapungubwe
(c. 1075–c. 1220) Mthethwa Paramountcy
Mthethwa Paramountcy
(c. 1780–1817) Ndwandwe
Ndwandwe
Kingdom (c. 1780–1819) Zulu Kingdom
Zulu Kingdom
(1816–97)

Dutch Cape Colony
Dutch Cape Colony
(1652–1806) Cape Colony
Cape Colony
(1795–1910) Natal Colony
Colony
(1843–1910) Orange River Colony
Colony
(1902–10) Transvaal Colony
Colony
(1902–10)

Natalia Republic
Natalia Republic
(1839–43) Orange Free State
Orange Free State
(1854–1902) Griqualand East
Griqualand East
(1861–79) Griqualand West
Griqualand West
(1870–73) Goshen (1882–83) Stellaland
Stellaland
(1882–85) Nieuwe Republiek
Nieuwe Republiek
(1884–88) Upingtonia
Upingtonia
(1885–87) Klein Vrystaat
Klein Vrystaat
(1886–91)

Gazankulu
Gazankulu
(1971–94) Lebowa
Lebowa
(1972–94) QwaQwa
QwaQwa
(1974–94) Transkei
Transkei
(1976–94) Bophuthatswana
Bophuthatswana
(1977–94) Venda
Venda
(1979–94) Ciskei
Ciskei
(1981–94) KaNgwane
KaNgwane
(1981–94) KwaNdebele
KwaNdebele
(1981–94) KwaZulu
KwaZulu
(1981–94)

Cape Qualified Franchise
Cape Qualified Franchise
(1853–1910) South African Republic
South African Republic
(1856–1902) Union of South Africa
South Africa
(1910–61) Republic of South Africa
South Africa
(1961–Present)

Current Government

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Ethnic groups in Mozambique

Chopi Gaza Kunda Lemba Makonde Makua Maviha Ndau Ndwandwe Portuguese Mozambicans Sena Shona Swahili Tsonga Yao

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Ethnic groups in Swaziland

Ndwandwe Sotho Swazi Tsonga

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Ethnic groups in Zambia

Bemba Bwile Chewa Chokwe Ishindi-Lunda Kafwe Twa Kanongesha-Lunda Kunda Lamba Lambya Lovale Lozi Lukanga Twa Lunda Lungu Mambwe Mbunda Mwanga Ndwandwe Ngoni Nkoya Nsenga Nyiha Senga Subiya Tokaleya Tonga Tumbuka White Zambians Yombe

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Ethnic groups in Zimbabwe

Goffal Hungwe Kunda Lemba Manyika Nambya Ndau Ndwandwe Northern Ndebele Shona Tokaleya Tonga T

.