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 India[1]

CRPF

Right-wing paramilitary groups:

Salwa Judum Ranvir Sena [2][3]

Naxalites:

CPI (Maoist)

PLGA

CPI (M-L) Janashakti CPI (M-L) Naxalbari (until 2014) CPUSI CPI (M-L) ND CPI (M-L) (Mahadev Mukherjee) CPI (M-L) People's War (until 2004)[4] PLA PBCP TNLA

Supported by: ULFA[4] NSCN[4] CPN (Maoist) LTTE (until 2009)[4] NPA[5] CIC (until 1977)  China[6][7]  Pakistan[4]

ISI[8][9]

Commanders and leaders

Pranay Sahay (Chief of Police)[10] K. Vijay Kumar (Former Chief of the Special
Special
Task Force; 1975–2012)

Mahendra Karma † (Leader of Salwa Judum) Brahmeshwar Singh † (Leader of Ranvir Sena) Ganapathy Anand Kosa Ankit Pandey Kishenji † Sabyasachi Panda
Sabyasachi Panda
(caught) Prashant Bose(caught) Yalavarthi Naveen Babu † Narmada Akka † Shamsher Singh Sheri †

Strength

Central Reserve Police Force: 80,000[11] 10,000–20,000 fighters (2009–2010 estimate)[12][13] 10,000–40,000 regular members and 50,000–100,000 militia members (2010 estimate)[14][15] 6,500–9,500 insurgents (2013 estimate)[16]

Casualties and losses

Since 1997: 2,277-3,440 killed[17][18] Since 1997: 3,402-4,041 killed[17][18]

Since 1997: 6,035-8,051 civilians killed[17][18]

Since 1996: 12,877-14,369 killed overall[19][18]

v t e

Naxalite– Maoist
Maoist
insurgency

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v t e

The Naxalite– Maoist
Maoist
insurgency is an ongoing conflict[20] between Maoist
Maoist
groups, known as Naxalites
Naxalites
or Naxals, and the Indian government. The conflict in its present form began after the 2004 formation of the CPI (Maoist), a rebel group composed of the PWG (People's War Group) and the MCC ( Maoist
Maoist
Communist Centre). In January 2005 talks between the Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
state government and the CPI- Maoists
Maoists
broke down and the rebels accused authorities of not addressing their demands for a written truce, release of prisoners and redistribution of land.[21] The ongoing conflict has taken place over a vast territory (around half of India's 29 states) with hundreds of people being killed annually in clashes between the CPI- Maoists
Maoists
and the government every year since 2005.[22][22][23] The armed wing of the Naxalite– Maoists
Maoists
is called the PLGA (Peoples Liberation Guerrilla Army) and is estimated to have between 6,500 and 9,500 cadres, mostly armed with small arms.[24] The Naxalites
Naxalites
control territory throughout Bihar, Jharkhand
Jharkhand
and Andhra Pradesh states[24] and claim to be supported by the poorest of the rural population, especially the Adivasis.[25] According to a study of the newspaper The Times of India, 58% of people surveyed in the state of Andhra Pradesh, have a positive perception of the guerrilla, against only 19 % against it. [26]The Naxalites
Naxalites
have frequently targeted tribal, police and government workers in what they say is a fight for improved land rights and more jobs for neglected agricultural labourers and the poor.[27] The Naxalites
Naxalites
claim that they are following a strategy of rural rebellion similar to a protracted people's war against the government.[28] In February 2009, the Indian central government announced a new nationwide initiative, to be called the "Integrated Action Plan" (IAP) for broad, co-ordinated operations aimed at dealing with the Naxalite problem in all affected states, namely (Karnataka, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Jharkhand, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, and West Bengal). This plan included funding for grass-roots economic development projects in Naxalite-affected areas, as well as increased special police funding for better containment and reduction of Naxalite
Naxalite
influence.[29][30] In August 2010, after the first full year of implementation of the national IAP program, Karnataka
Karnataka
was removed from the list of Naxal-affected states.[31] In July 2011, the number of Naxal-affected areas was reduced to (figure includes proposed addition of 20 districts) 83 districts across nine states.[32][33][34] In December 2011, the national government reported that the number of Naxalite
Naxalite
related deaths and injuries nationwide had gone down by nearly 50% from 2010 levels. The Naxalite– Maoist
Maoist
insurgency gained international media attention after the 2013 Naxal attack in Darbha valley
2013 Naxal attack in Darbha valley
resulted in the deaths of around 24 Indian National Congress
Indian National Congress
leaders including the former state minister Mahendra Karma and the Chhattisgarh
Chhattisgarh
Congress chief Nand Kumar Patel.[35]

Contents

1 Naxalite 2 Region affected 3 Public statements on the insurgency 4 Timeline

4.1 2002 4.2 2003 4.3 2004 4.4 2005 4.5 2006 4.6 2007 4.7 2008 4.8 2009 4.9 2010 4.10 2011 4.11 2012 4.12 2013 4.13 2014 4.14 2015 4.15 2016 4.16 2017 4.17 2018

5 Human toll

5.1 Deaths related to violence

6 See also 7 References 8 External links

Naxalite[edit] Main articles: Naxalite
Naxalite
and Communist Party of India
India
(Maoist) Naxalites
Naxalites
are a group of far-left radical communists, supportive of Maoist
Maoist
political sentiment and ideology. Their origin can be traced to the splitting in 1967 of the Communist Party of India
India
(Marxist), leading to the formation of the Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist). Initially the movement had its centre in West Bengal. In recent years, it has spread into less developed areas of rural central and eastern India, such as Chhattisgarh
Chhattisgarh
and Andhra Pradesh through the activities of underground groups like the Communist Party of India
India
(Maoist). In 2007, it was estimated that Naxalites
Naxalites
were active across "half of the India's 28 states" who account for about 40 percent of India's geographical area an area known as the "Red Corridor", where, according to estimates, they controlled 92,000 square kilometers. In 2009, Naxalites
Naxalites
were active across approximately 180 districts in ten states of India[36] In August 2010, Karnataka
Karnataka
was removed from the list of Naxal-affected states[31] In July 2011, the number of Naxal-affected areas was reduced to (including proposed addition of 20 districts) 83 districts across nine states.[32][33][34] Region affected[edit] See also: Red corridor The Naxalites
Naxalites
operate in 60 districts in India, mainly in the states of Odisha
Odisha
(5 affected districts), Jharkhand
Jharkhand
(14 affected districts), Bihar
Bihar
(5 affected districts), Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh
Chhattisgarh
(ten affected districts), Madhya Pradesh
Madhya Pradesh
(8 affected districts), Maharashtra
Maharashtra
(2 affected districts) and West Bengal
West Bengal
(8 affected district).[33] In West Bengal
West Bengal
areas west of Howrah
Howrah
are affected by the insurgency.[37] Chhattisgarh
Chhattisgarh
is the epicentre of the conflict (2007).[38] Areas governed by the elected Communist Party of India
India
(Marxist) in India
India
such as West Bengal, specifically those of Jangalmahal and Lalgarh, are some of the worst affected by anti-state violence by Maoist
Maoist
groups who cite the accumulation of unaccounted-for wealth in the hands of CPI-M leaders and specific failure to counter problems they were elected to address such as caste discrimination and poverty.[39] There is a correlation between areas with extensive coal resources and impact of the insurgency.[40] Naxalites
Naxalites
conduct detailed socio-economic surveys before starting operations in a target area.[20] It is claimed that the insurgents extort 14 billion Indian rupees (more than $US300 million).[14] In Chhattisgarh, Salwa Judum, an anti-insurgency operation, which was aimed at countering the naxalite violence in the region was launched in 2005. The militia consisting of local tribal youth received support and training from the Chhattisgarh
Chhattisgarh
state government.[41][42] An allegation rejected by the state[43][44] was constituted in response to Naxalite
Naxalite
activities, and has come under fire from pro-Maoist activist groups[45] for "atrocities and abuse against women",[46] employing child soldiers,[47][48] and looting and destruction of property.[49] These allegations were rejected by a fact finding commission of the National Human Rights Commission of India
India
(NHRC) in 2008. The commission had been appointed by the Supreme Court of India. The commission determined that the Salwa Judum
Salwa Judum
was a spontaneous reaction by tribals against Maoist
Maoist
atrocities perpetrated against them.[50][51][52] On 5 July 2011, the Supreme Court of India
India
declared the militia to be illegal and unconstitutional, and ordered its disbanding. The Court directed the Chhattisgarh
Chhattisgarh
government to recover all the firearms, ammunition and accessories. In the court's judgement, the use of Salwa Judum by the government for anti-Naxal operations was criticised for its violations of human rights and for employing poorly trained youth for counter-insurgency roles. The Supreme Court of India, also ordered the government to investigate all instances of alleged criminal activities of Salwa Judum.[53] In Bihar, the Ranvir Sena, a caste-supremacist paramilitary of the upper-caste landlords and proscribed terrorist organisation by the Indian government, has been known to kill Dalit
Dalit
civilians in retaliation for Naxalite
Naxalite
activity. In Odisha, the number of districts affected by Maoist
Maoist
activities has been reduced from 17 to 9, as claimed by the Director General of Police (DGP), Prakash Mishra on December 30, 2012. Similar paramilitary groups have emerged in Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
during the last decade. Some of these groups are Fear Vikas, Green Tigers, Nalladandu, Red Tigers, Tirumala Tigers, Palnadu Tigers, Kakatiya Cobras, Narsa Cobras, Nallamalla Nallatrachu (Cobras) and Kranthi Sena. Civil liberties activists were murdered by the Nayeem gang in 1998 and 2000.[54] On 24 August 2005, members of the Narsi Cobras killed an individual rights activist and schoolteacher in Mahbubnagar district.[55] Public statements on the insurgency[edit] In 2006, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh
Manmohan Singh
called the Naxalites
Naxalites
the "single biggest internal security challenge ever faced by our country". In June 2011, he said, "Development is the master remedy to win over people", adding that the government was "strengthening the development work in the 60 Maoist-affected districts.[56] In 2010 the Indian government's Home Secretary, Gopal Krishna Pillai, acknowledged that there are legitimate grievances regarding local people's access to forest land and produce and the distribution of benefits from mining and hydro power developments,[57] but claims that the Naxalites' long-term goal is to establish an Indian Marxist
Marxist
state. He said the government decided to tackle the Naxalites
Naxalites
head-on, and take back much of the lost areas. In 2011, Indian police accused the Chinese government of providing sanctuary to the movement's leaders, and accused Pakistani ISI of providing financial support.[58] Timeline[edit]

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Main article: Timeline of the Naxalite- Maoist
Maoist
insurgency

Areas with Naxalite
Naxalite
activity in 2007 (left) and in 2013 (right).

2002[edit] The People's War Group (PWG) intensified its attacks against politicians, police officers, and land and business owners in response to a July ban imposed on the group by the Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
government. The government responded by tightening security, allegedly ordering attacks on suspected PWG members by state police and the "Green Tigers". Police forces continued to have virtual impunity for the killing of PWG rebels during police encounters. The Maoist
Maoist
Communist Center rebels intensified their armed campaign against Indian security forces following the killing of their leader by police in December. An estimated 140 people were killed in fighting between the PWG and government forces throughout the year. According to government reports, 482 people have died during the conflict that year. 2003[edit] The conflict in Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
intensified as Naxalite
Naxalite
rebel groups, in particular the PWG, continued guerrilla attacks on police and government targets while the security forces stepped up counter-insurgency efforts. An October assassination attempt on Chief Minister N. Chandrababu Naidu
N. Chandrababu Naidu
was consistent with the PWG’s practice of targeting government officials to draw attention to their cause. According to independent media reports, as many as 500 people were killed in the conflict this year, half of these Maoist
Maoist
rebels. 2004[edit] Sporadic, low-intensity fighting between the PWG and government forces continued for most of the year. Attacks on police and TDP party officials, believed to be carried out by the PWG, accounted for most major incidents and deaths. A three-month cease-fire, announced in late June, led to failed negotiations between the government and the PWG. A few days into the cease-fire, an attack attributed to the PWG placed the cease-fire in jeopardy. More than 500 people were killed in sporadic, low-intensity fighting, a reduction from previous years. Most victims were members of the police forces or the Telugu Desam Party (a regional political party). 2005[edit] Violent clashes between Maoist
Maoist
rebels and state security forces and paramilitary groups increased following the breakdown of peace talks between the PWG and the state government of Andhra Pradesh. Rebels continued to employ a wide range of low-intensity guerrilla tactics against government institutions, officials, security forces and paramilitary groups. For the first time in recent years, Maoist
Maoist
rebels launched two large scale attacks against urban government targets. Fighting was reported in 12 states covering most of south, central and north India
India
with the exception of India’s northeast and northwest. More than 700 people were reported killed this year in violent clashes. Over one-third of those killed were civilians. 2006[edit] Maoist
Maoist
attacks continued, primarily on government and police targets. Civilians were also affected in landmine attacks affecting railway cars and truck convoys. Clashes between state police and rebels also resulted in deaths of members of both parties, and civilians that were caught in the firing. Fighting differs from state to state, depending on security and police force responses. In the state of Andhra Pradesh, security forces have been somewhat successful in maintaining control and combating Maoist
Maoist
rebels. The other state that is most affected, Chhattisgarh, has seen an increase in violence between Maoist
Maoist
rebels and villagers who are supported by the government. In 2006, 500 to 750 people were estimated killed, fewer than half Naxalites, and approximately one-third civilians. 2007[edit] Fighting continued between Naxalite
Naxalite
Maoists
Maoists
and government security forces throughout the year. The majority of hostilities took place in Chhattisgarh, which turned especially deadly when over 400 Naxalites attacked a Chhattisgarh
Chhattisgarh
police station, seizing arms and killing dozens. In November 2007 reports emerged that anti-SEZ ( Special
Special
Economic Zone) movements such as the Bhoomi Uchched Pratirodh Committee in Nandigram in West Bengal, which arose after the land appropriation and human displacement following the SEZ Act of 2005, have joined forces with the Naxalites
Naxalites
since February to keep the police out.[59] Recently, police found weapons belonging to Maoists
Maoists
near Nandigram. Civilians were forced to choose between joining the Maoist
Maoist
insurgence or supporting the Salwa Judum
Salwa Judum
and face coercion from both sides. According to news reports, this conflict resulted in 650 deaths during 2007; of these 240 were civilians, 218 security personnel and 192 militants. 2008[edit] Civilians were most affected in the ongoing fighting between Maoist rebels and government security forces. Of the 16 states touched by this conflict, Chhattisgarh
Chhattisgarh
and Jharkhand
Jharkhand
were the most affected. One positive note for Chhattisgarh
Chhattisgarh
was that fatalities, although still high, were significantly down from 2007. Similarly, Andhra Pradesh, the state with the most Maoist
Maoist
activity a few years ago, has improved security with a corresponding drop in fatality rates. Unfortunately, as conditions have improved in Chhattisgarh
Chhattisgarh
and Andhra Pradesh, the Maoist
Maoist
forces seem to have shifted their operations to the state of Orissa where conditions have worsened. South Asia Terrorism Portal’s fatality count across the six states that saw the majority of the fighting (Bihar, Orissa, Jharkhand, Maharashira, Chhattisgarh, and Andhra Pradesh) was 794. This included 399 civilians, 221 security force personnel and 174 insurgents. 2009[edit] In 2009, Naxalites
Naxalites
were active across approximately 180 districts in ten states of India.[23] In September 2009 India's Prime Minister Manmohan Singh
Manmohan Singh
admitted that the Maoists
Maoists
had growing appeal among a large section of Indian society, including tribal communities, the rural poor as well as sections of the intelligentsia and the youth. He added that "Dealing with left-wing extremism requires a nuanced strategy – a holistic approach. It cannot be treated simply as a law and order problem." In the first half of 2009, 56 Maoist
Maoist
attacks were reported.[60] The South Asia Terrorism Portal
Portal
reported 998 killed in the conflict: 392 civilians, 312 security forces and 294 rebels. 2010[edit] During February the Silda camp attack
Silda camp attack
killed 24 paramilitary personnel of the Eastern Frontier Rifles in an operation the guerillas stated was the beginning of "Operation Peace Hunt", the Maoist
Maoist
answer to the government "Operation Green Hunt" that was recently launched against them.[61] According to Crisis Watch and various news sources, between 500 and 600 people were killed this year. Of those killed, approximately 366 were civilians, 188 were government troops (including police) and 27 were Naxalites. According to South Asia Terrorism Portal
Portal
and government sources, over 1,000 deaths occurred in the conflict this year. This includes 277 security forces, 277 Naxalites, and more than 600 civilian. On 6 April, Naxalite
Naxalite
rebels killed 76, consisting of 74 paramilitary personnel of the CRPF
CRPF
and two policemen. Fifty others were wounded in the series of attacks on security convoys in Dantewada district
Dantewada district
in the central Indian state of Chhattisgarh.[62] The attack resulted in the biggest loss of life security forces have suffered since launching a large-scale offensive against the rebels.[62] On 17 May, a Naxalite landmine destroyed a bus in Dantewada district, killing up to 44 people including several Special
Special
Police Officers (SPOs) and civilians.[63] On 28 May the derailment of a Kolkata–Mumbai night train killed at least 150 persons. Police alleged that Maoists
Maoists
had caused the derailment by removing a short (46 cm or 1½ft) piece of track, but the Maoists
Maoists
denied this.[64] On 29 June, at least 26 policemen are killed in a Maoist
Maoist
attack in the central Indian state of Chhattisgarh.[65] On 29 August, a joint team of BSF and district police was attacked by the rebels in Bhuski village (Chhattisgarh) under Durg Kondal police station in the district while they were conducting routine search operations in the wee hours. Following the attack, the forces retaliated and in the action they lost five security personnel, including three BSF jawans.[66] On 29 and 30 August, rebels ambushed a joint paramilitary-police team in Bihar, killing 10, wounding 10 more, taking 4 prisoners and robbing more than 35 automatic rifles from the state forces.[67][68] The Naxalites
Naxalites
later freed 3 of the policemen after Naxal leader Kishenji met with worried family members.[69] On 12 September, Naxalites
Naxalites
killed 3 policemen and took 4 more hostage in an ambush in Chhattisgarh. The 4 policemen were later released without conditions after Naxal leaders listened to the appeals of family members. The freed policemen also promised the Naxals to never take up arms against the insurgency again.[70][71] On 5 October, rebels killed 4 Police officers as they were on their way to a market in Maharashtra.[72] On 7 October, Naxalites
Naxalites
attempted derailment of Triveni express, a train of Singrauli-Bareilly route, by removing 4 fishplates and 42 sleeper clips.[73][74] On 8 October, Naxalites
Naxalites
triggered a landmine in the border area between Chhattisgarh
Chhattisgarh
and Maharashtra. The attack killed 3 Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) jawans, wounded 2 more and destroyed a military jeep.[75] 2011[edit] During May, Naxalites
Naxalites
killed and dismembered ten policemen, including one senior officer in the Gariyaband, Chhattisgarh
Chhattisgarh
area on the border with Orissa.[76] In June, the total fatalities of both the police and the paramilitary was 43.[77] On 21 July 2011, Maoist
Maoist
rebels in the central Indian state of Chhattisgarh
Chhattisgarh
blew up a bridge, killing four people and wounding five others. The attack happened when the Congress party chief of the state, Nandkumar Patel, was returning from a party function.[78] Despite the continued violence in 2011, the most recent central government campaign to contain and reduce the militant Naxalite presence appears to be having some success, the 2011 toll of 447 civilians and 142 security personnel killed having been nearly 50% lower than the 2010 toll. Some states experiencing this sharp reduction in Naxalite
Naxalite
hostilities, such as Madhya Pradesh, attribute their success to their use of IAP funds for rural development.[79] 2012[edit] In mid-March, Maoist
Maoist
rebels kidnapped two Italians in Orissa. They later released one, while the government of Orissa negotiated for the release of the second. The Maoists
Maoists
released the second hostage in the middle of April. The Member of the Legislative Assembly(MLA) of Laxmipur constituency (Orissa), Jhin Hikka, was abducted by the Maoists
Maoists
in March, who demand the release of 30 Maoist
Maoist
cadres (presently in jail) in exchange for the freedom of the MLA. The Orissa Government is negotiating with the cadres with the help of arbitrators to free the MLA.[80] On 27 March, an explosion blamed on Maoists
Maoists
killed 15 Indian policemen in Maharashtra.[80] 2013[edit] The 2013 Naxal attack in Darbha valley
2013 Naxal attack in Darbha valley
resulted in the deaths of around 24 Indian National Congress
Indian National Congress
leaders including the former state minister Mahendra Karma and the Chhattisgarh
Chhattisgarh
Congress chief Nand Kumar Patel.[35] 2014[edit]

28 February 2014: Six police personnel, including a SHO, killed in Maoist
Maoist
attack in Chhattisgarh.[81] 11 March 2014: 15 security personnel and 1 Civilian were killed in Chhattisgarh
Chhattisgarh
Naxal attack in Tongpal village, close to the Darbha Ghat area, of Sukma district
Sukma district
in south Chhattisgarh, while they were engaged in a road opening exercise in the area.[82][83] 11 May 2014: 7 police commandos killed in a Maoists
Maoists
landmine blast in the forests of Gadchiroli district
Gadchiroli district
of Maharashtra.[84]

2015[edit]

11 April 2015: 7 Special
Special
Task Force (STF) personnel were killed in a Maoist
Maoist
ambush near Kankerlanka, Sukma, Chhattisgarh.[85] 12 April 2015: 1 BSF Jawan was killed in a Maoist
Maoist
attack near Bande, Kanker, Chhattisgarh.[86] 13 April 2015: 5 Chhattisgarh
Chhattisgarh
Armed Force (CAF) Jawans were killed in a Maoist
Maoist
ambush near Kirandul, Dantewada, Chhattisgarh.[87]

2016[edit]

30 March 2016: 7 CRPF
CRPF
Jawans were killed in Dantewada attack by Naxalites. on 03/03/2016 an encounter occurred in between CoBRA Commandos and naxals in Sukma district
Sukma district
during this encounter 03 commandos martyred and heavy losses to naxals were reported

2017[edit]

22 March 2017: Six suspected Maoists
Maoists
were killed in a gunfight with security forces in Dantewada district
Dantewada district
of Chhattisgarh 24 April 2017: 25 CRPF
CRPF
Jawans were killed in Sukma, Chhattisgarh, in an attack by Maoists.

2018[edit]

13 March 2018: 2018 Sukma attack: 9 CRPF
CRPF
personnel were killed in Sukma, Chattisgarh after their mine protected vehicle (MPV) was blown up by Maoists.[88]

Human toll[edit] The first combat deaths of the insurgency were in 1980. Around 1,100 people are known to have died during 2009. The number includes 600 civilians, 300 security personnel and 200 rebels.[89] There were more than 40,000 displaced people in 2006.[90] According to the Institute of Peace and Conflict studies, Naxal groups have recruited children in different capacities and exposed them to injury and death. However the same accusation has been levelled at the state-sponsored Salwa Judum
Salwa Judum
anti- Maoist
Maoist
group, and Special
Special
Police officers (SPOs) assisting the government security forces.[91] Seven personnel of Special
Special
Task Force (STF) were killed and eleven others injured in an encounter with outlawed Communist Party of India (Maoist) rebels at a village near Chhattisgarh's Bastar region on Saturday. Additional director general of police (anti-Naxal operations) Rajinder Kuamr Vij said that the encounter took place at Pidmal village between Dornapal and Chintagufa when the rebels tried to attack the security personnel. The forces retaliated leading to a fierce encounter during which seven security personnel died and eleven others injured.[92] The team of 49 STF men which ventured into the Maoists’ liberated zone on Saturday morning, had reportedly not informed senior police officers based in Bastar and Sukma before embarking on an operation which eventually proved “suicidal.” Seven personnel, including the Platoon Commander, Shankara Rao, were gunned down by the Maoists.[93] Deaths related to violence[edit]

Period Civilians Security forces Insurgents Total per period

1996 N/A N/A N/A 156

1997 202 44 102 348

1998 118 42 110 270

1999 502 96 261 859

2000 452 98 254 804

2001 439 125 182 746

2002 382 100 141 623

2003 410 105 216 731

2004 466 100 87 653

2005 281-524 150-153 225-286 717-902

2006 266-521 128-157 274-343 737-952

2007 240-460 218-236 141-192 650-837

2008 220-490 214-231 199-214 648-920

2009 391-591 312-317 220-294 997-1,128

2010 626-720 277-285 172-277 1,177-1,180

2011 275-469 128-142 99-199 602-710

2012 146-301 104-114 74-117 367-489

2013 159-282 111-115 100-151 421-497

2014 128-222 87-88 63-99 314-373

2015 93-171 57-58 89-101 251-318

2016 123-213 65-66 222-244 433-500

2017 109 74 150 333[94]

2018 7 12 21 40[95]

TOTAL 6,035-8,051 2,277-3,440 3,402-4,041 12,877-14,369[17][18][95]

According to the BBC, more than 6,000 people have died during the rebels' 20-year fight between 1990 and 2010.[96] Al Jazeera
Al Jazeera
put the death toll at more than 10,000 between 1980 and 2011.[97] Based on the above displayed statistics, it can be determined that more than 13,000 people have been killed since the start of the insurgency in 1980, most of them in the period since 1996. See also[edit]

Naxalbari uprising in 1967 Chhatradhar Mahato List of Naxalite
Naxalite
and Maoist
Maoist
groups in India

References[edit]

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External links[edit]

Data on Naxalite- Maoist
Maoist
Insurgency fatalities in India
India
Institute for Conflict Management (South Asia), SATP Walking With The Comrades, An extended essay by Arundhati Roy
Arundhati Roy
on her interactions with naxalites The political economy of the Maoist
Maoist
conflict in India : an empirical analysis, Joseph Gomes (2013), University of Madrid, Spain Hearts and mines: A district-level analysis of the Maoist
Maoist
conflict in India, Kristian Hoelscher et al., University of Oslo, Norway, doi:10.1177/2233865912447022 Targets of Violence: Evidence from India’s Naxalite
Naxalite
Conflict Oliver Vanden Eynde (2013), Paris School of Economics Living on the edge of a disappearing world, 16 June 2011 14:56 IST, rediff.com

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